49 relations: Absorption (electromagnetic radiation), Albedo, Atmosphere of Earth, Black-body radiation, British Columbia, Canada, Canopy (biology), Claytonia, Condensation, Convection, Deciduous, Drainage basin, Dust, Erythronium, Evaporation, Evergreen, Flood, Herb, Hydrology, Ice, Infrared, Kirill Y. Kondratyev, Lake Winnipeg, Leaf, Minnesota, North America, North Dakota, Photosynthesis, Red River of the North, Red River Valley, Salt, San Juan Mountains, Seep (hydrology), Shortwave radio, Snow, Snowmelt system, Snowpack, South Dakota, Stream, Sublimation (phase transition), Sunlight, Surface runoff, Tree, Trillium erectum, Trunk (botany), United States, Water cycle, Winnipeg, 1997 Red River flood.
In physics, absorption of electromagnetic radiation is the way in which the energy of a photon is taken up by matter, typically the electrons of an atom.
Albedo (albedo, meaning "whiteness") is the measure of the diffuse reflection of solar radiation out of the total solar radiation received by an astronomical body (e.g. a planet like Earth).
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Black-body radiation is the thermal electromagnetic radiation within or surrounding a body in thermodynamic equilibrium with its environment, or emitted by a black body (an opaque and non-reflective body).
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
In biology, the canopy is the aboveground portion of a plant community or crop, formed by the collection of individual plant crowns.
Claytonia (spring beauty) is a genus of 27 species of flowering plants formerly included in Portulacaceae but now classified in the family Montiaceae, primarily native to the mountain chains of Asia and North America, with a couple of species extending south to Guatemala in Central America, and northwest to Kasakhstan, Mongolia, and Russia in eastern Asia.
Condensation is the change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase, and is the reverse of vapourisation.
Convection is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as gases and liquids, including molten rock (rheid).
In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
Dust are fine particles of matter.
Erythronium (fawn lily, trout lily, dog's-tooth violet, adder's tongue) is a genus of Eurasian and North American plants in the lily family.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
In botany, an evergreen is a plant that has leaves throughout the year, always green.
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.
In general use, herbs are plants with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, in medicine, or as fragrances.
Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.
Ice is water frozen into a solid state.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Kirill Y. Kondratyev (14 June 1920 – 1 May 2006) was a Russian atmospheric physicist.
Lake Winnipeg (Lac Winnipeg) is a very large, but relatively shallow lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada.
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
The Red River (Rivière rouge or Rivière Rouge du Nord, American English: Red River of the North) is a North American river.
The Red River Valley is a region in central North America that is drained by the Red River of the North; it is part of both Canada and the United States.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
The San Juan Mountains are a high and rugged mountain range in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico.
A seep is a moist or wet place where water, usually groundwater, reaches the earth's surface from an underground aquifer.
Shortwave radio is radio transmission using shortwave radio frequencies.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
A snowmelt system prevents the build-up of snow and ice on walkways, patios and roadways, or more economically, only a portion of the area such as a pair of -wide tire tracks on a driveway or a center portion of a sidewalk, etc.
Snowpack forms from layers of snow that accumulate in geographic regions and high altitudes where the climate includes cold weather for extended periods during the year.
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.
Sublimation is the transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase, without passing through the intermediate liquid phase.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Surface runoff (also known as overland flow) is the flow of water that occurs when excess stormwater, meltwater, or other sources flows over the Earth's surface.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
Trillium erectum, also known as red trillium, wake-robin, purple trillium, Beth root, or stinking Benjamin, is a species of flowering plant.
In botany, the trunk (or bole) is the stem and main wooden axis of a tree, which is an important feature in tree identification, and which often differs markedly from the bottom of the trunk to the top, depending on the species.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
The Red River flood of 1997 was a major flood that occurred in April and May 1997 along the Red River of the North in Minnesota, North Dakota, and Southern Manitoba.