224 relations: A Burial At Ornans, A Kind of Loving (film), Aaron Douglas, Aaron Siskind, Abstract art, Adolf Dehn, Alexander Bogen, Alphabet agencies, American Realism, Arnold Blanch, Art movement, Arthur Rothstein, Artists' International Association, Ashcan School, Barge Haulers on the Volga, Ben Shahn, Berenice Abbott, Bimal Roy, Black and white, Bollywood, Brazil, British New Wave, Candido Portinari, Charles de Groux, Charles Dickens, Charley Toorop, Chetan Anand (director), Cimarron County, Oklahoma, Cinema of India, Cinema of West Bengal, Civil Works Administration, Coit Tower, Constant Permeke, Constantin Meunier, Constructivism (art), Culture of the Soviet Union, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Diego Rivera, Do Bigha Zamin, Doris Lee, Doris Ulmann, Dorothea Lange, Dust Bowl, Ealing Studios, Eastern Bloc, Ecuador, Edward Bruce (New Deal), Edward Hopper, Edward Steichen, Eugène Laermans, ..., Farm Security Administration, Federico Cantú Garza, Federico Fellini, Florence Owens Thompson, France, Francis Gruber, Frank Holl, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frida Kahlo, Gabriel Bracho, George Bellows, George Grosz, George Luks, Gordon Parks, Grant Wood, Great Depression, Gregorio Prestopino, Gustave Courbet, Hale County, Alabama, Harry Sternberg, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Honoré Daumier, Horace Pippin, Hubert von Herkomer, Ilya Repin, Impressionism, In Which We Serve, Industrial Revolution, Isaac Soyer, Isabel Bishop, Italian neorealism, Jack Levine, Jacob Lawrence, Jacob Riis, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, James Williamson (film pioneer), Jean Charlot, Jean Fautrier, Jean-François Millet, Jerome Myers, Joan Castejón, Joel Lamangan, John Augustus Walker, John French Sloan, John Schlesinger, John Steuart Curry, John Woodrow Wilson, Jorge González Camarena, José Clemente Orozco, Joseph Stalin, Karel Reisz, Käthe Kollwitz, Kitchen sink realism, Latin America, Leon Trotsky, Lewis Hine, Lino Brocka, Literacy, Literaturnaya Gazeta, Louis Lozowick, Luke Fildes, Man at the Crossroads, Margaret Bourke-White, Mario O'Hara, Marion Post Wolcott, Martin Wong, Marxism, Mass-Observation, Maurice de Vlaminck, Max Beckmann, Maxine Albro, Mechanization, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Mexican muralism, Mexican Revolution, Mexico, Michael Balcon, Millions Like Us, Mitchell Siporin, Mobile, Alabama, Moses Soyer, Music and emotion, Nagarik, Neecha Nagar, New Deal, New York City, Oklahoma, Oswaldo Guayasamín, Otto Dix, Overproduction, Painting, Palme d'Or, Parallel cinema, Passport to Pimlico, Patriotism, Paul Cadmus, Paul Meltsner, Peredvizhniki, Philip Evergood, Philip Guston, Photography, Proletariat, Propaganda, Public works, Public Works of Art Project, Pyke Koch, Ralph Stackpole, Raphael Soyer, Realism (art movement), Realism (arts), Reginald Marsh (artist), Regionalism (art), Ritwik Ghatak, Robert Gwathmey, Robert Henri, Roberto Montenegro, Roberto Rossellini, Roger de La Fresnaye, Roger Manvell, Romanticism, Romare Bearden, Room at the Top (1959 film), Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp, Rufino Tamayo, Russell Lee (photographer), Russia, Sacco and Vanzetti, Salon (Paris), San Francisco, Santiago Martínez Delgado, Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, Satyajit Ray, Second Boer War, Sharecropping, Social environment, Socialism, Socialist realism, Soviet Union, Subject (philosophy), Suprematism, Syracuse University, Target for Tonight, The Apu Trilogy, The Blue Lamp, The Graphic, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (film), The Philadelphia Record, The Potato Eaters, The Stone Breakers, The Titfield Thunderbolt, This Happy Breed (film), Thomas Hardy, Thomas Hart Benton (painter), Tony Richardson, Torsten Billman, Tsar, Union of Soviet Writers, United Kingdom, United States Department of the Treasury, V. Shantaram, Vincent van Gogh, Vittorio De Sica, Vladimir Lenin, Walker Evans, Wall Street Crash of 1929, Walt Kuhn, Washington, D.C., Will Barnet, William Gropper, William Small, Works Progress Administration, World War I, 1946 Cannes Film Festival, 1954 Cannes Film Festival. Expand index (174 more) » « Shrink index
A Burial At Ornans (Un enterrement à Ornans, also known as A Funeral At Ornans) is a painting of 1849–50 by Gustave Courbet, and one of the major turning points of 19th-century French art.
A Kind of Loving is a 1962 British drama film directed by John Schlesinger, based on the 1960 novel of the same name by Stan Barstow.
Aaron Douglas (May 26, 1899 – February 3, 1979) was an American painter, illustrator and visual arts educator.
Aaron Siskind (December 4, 1903 – February 8, 1991) was an American photographer.
Abstract art uses a visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.
Adolf Dehn (22 November 1895 – 19 May 1968) was an American lithographer.
Alexander Bogen (אלכסנדר בוגן; born January 24, 1916 – October 20, 2010) was a Polish-Israeli artist, painter, sculptor, stage designer, book illustrator and a commander partisan during World War II.
The alphabet agencies (also New Deal agencies) were the U.S. federal government agencies created as part of the New Deal of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
American Realism was a style in art, music and literature that depicted contemporary social realities and the lives and everyday activities of ordinary people.
Arnold Blanch (June 4, 1896 – October 3, 1968), was born and raised in Mantorville, Minnesota.
An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years.
Arthur Rothstein (July 17, 1915 – November 11, 1985) was an American photographer.
The Artists' International Association (AIA) was an organisation founded in London in 1933 out of discussion among Pearl Binder, Clifford Rowe, Misha Black, James Fitton, James Boswell, James Holland, Edward Ardizzone and Edith Simon.
The Ashcan School, also called the Ash Can School, was an artistic movement in the United States during the early 20th century that is best known for works portraying scenes of daily life in New York, often in the city's poorer neighborhoods.
Barge Haulers on the Volga or Burlaki (Russian: Burlaki na Volge, Бурлаки на Волге) is an 1870–73 oil-on-canvas painting by the realist artist Ilya Repin.
Ben Shahn (September 12, 1898 – March 14, 1969) was a Lithuanian-born American artist.
Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991), née Bernice Alice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her portraits of between-the-wars 20th-century cultural figures, New York City photographs of architecture and urban design of the 1930s, and science interpretation in the 1940s–1960s.
Bimal Roy (বিমল রায়) (12 July 1909 – 8 January 1966) was an Indian film director.
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The British New Wave is the name given to a sequence of films released in Great Britain between 1959 and 1963.
Candido Torquato Portinari (December 29, 1903 – February 6, 1962) was a Brazilian painter.
Charles de Groux or Charles Degroux (Comines, 25 August 1825 - Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, 30 March 1870) at the Netherlands Institute for Art History was a French painter, engraver, lithographer and illustrator.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Charley Toorop (March 24, 1891 – November 5, 1955) was a Dutch painter and lithographer.
Chetan Anand (3 January 1921 – 6 July 1997) was a Hindi film producer, screenwriter and director from India, whose debut film, Neecha Nagar, was awarded the Palme d'Or (Best Film) award at the first ever Cannes Film Festival in 1946.
Cimarron County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma.
The Cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India.
The cinema of West Bengal (ṭôliuḍ), also known as Tollywood refers to the Indian Bengali language film industry based in the Tollygunge region of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
The Civil Works Administration (CWA) was a short-lived job creation program established by the New Deal during the Great Depression in the United States to rapidly create manual-labor jobs for millions of unemployed workers.
Coit Tower, also known as the Lillian Coit Memorial Tower, is a tower in the Telegraph Hill neighborhood of San Francisco, California.
Constant Permeke (31 July 1886 – 4 January 1952) was a Belgian painter and sculptor who is considered the leading figure of Flemish expressionism.
Constantin Meunier (12 April 1831, Brussels – 4 April 1905, Ixelles) was a Belgian painter and sculptor.
Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1913 by Vladimir Tatlin.
The culture of the Soviet Union passed through several stages during the Soviet Union's 69-year existence.
David Alfaro Siqueiros (born José de Jesús Alfaro Siqueiros, December 29, 1896, in Chihuahua – January 6, 1974, in Cuernavaca, Morelos) was a Mexican social realist painter, better known for his large murals in fresco.
Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957) was a prominent Mexican painter.
Do Bigha Zamin is a 1953 Hindi film, directed by Bengali film director Bimal Roy and starring Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy in lead roles.
Doris Emrick Lee (February 1, 1905 – June 16, 1983) was an American painter known for her figurative painting and printmaking.
Doris Ulmann (May 29, 1882 – August 28, 1934) was an American photographer, best known for her dignified portraits of the people of Appalachia, particularly craftsmen and musicians such as Jean Ritchie's family, made between 1928 and 1934.
Dorothea Lange (May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA).
The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion (the Aeolian processes) caused the phenomenon.
Ealing Studios is a television and film production company and facilities provider at Ealing Green in west London.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Edward Bright Bruce (April 13, 1879 – January 26, 1943) was the director of the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP), the Section of Painting and Sculpture and the Treasury Relief Art Project, New Deal relief efforts that provided work for artists in the United States during the Great Depression.
Edward Hopper (July 22, 1882 – May 15, 1967) was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker.
Edward Jean Steichen (March 27, 1879 – March 25, 1973) was a Luxembourgish American photographer, painter, and art gallery and museum curator.
Eugène Jules Joseph Baron Laermans (22 October 1864 – 22 February 1940) was a Belgian painter.
The Farm Security Administration (FSA) was a New Deal agency created in 1937 to combat rural poverty during the Great Depression in the United States.
Federico Heraclio Cantú Garza (March 3, 1907 – January 29, 1989) was a Mexican painter, engraver and sculptor.
Federico Fellini, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (20 January 1920 – 31 October 1993) was an Italian film director and screenwriter.
Florence Owens Thompson (born Florence Leona Christie; September 1, 1903 – September 16, 1983) was the subject of Dorothea Lange's famous photo Migrant Mother (1936), an iconic image of the Great Depression.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francis Gruber (1912–1948) was a French painter and founder of the Nouveau Réalisme school.
Francis Montague Holl (London 4 July 1845 – 31 July 1888 London) was an English painter and royal portraitist.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frida Kahlo de Rivera (born Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón; July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954) was a Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self-portraits, and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico.
Gabriel Bracho was a Venezuelan artist born in Los Puertos de Altagracia, Zulia on 25 May 1915.
George Wesley Bellows (August 12 or August 19, 1882 – January 8, 1925) was an American realist painter, known for his bold depictions of urban life in New York City, becoming, according to the Columbus Museum of Art, "the most acclaimed American artist of his generation".
George Grosz (born Georg Ehrenfried Groß; July 26, 1893 – July 6, 1959) was a German artist known especially for his caricatural drawings and paintings of Berlin life in the 1920s.
George Benjamin Luks (August 13, 1867 – October 29, 1933) was an American realist artist, painter, comics artist and illustrator.
Gordon Roger Alexander Buchanan Parks (November 30, 1912 – March 7, 2006) was an American photographer, musician, writer and film director, who became prominent in U.S. documentary photojournalism in the 1940s through 1970s—particularly in issues of civil rights, poverty and African-Americans—and in glamour photography.
Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942) was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Gregorio Prestopino (1907–1984) was an American artist.
Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting.
Hale County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.
Harry Sternberg was an American painter, printmaker and educator.
The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden is an art museum beside the National Mall, in Washington, D.C., the United States.
Honoré-Victorin Daumier (February 26, 1808February 10, 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.
Horace Pippin (February 22, 1888 – July 6, 1946) was a self-taught African-American painter.
Sir Hubert von Herkomer (born as Hubert Herkomer; 26 May 1849 – 31 March 1914) was a German-born British painter, and also a pioneering film-director and composer.
Ilya Yefimovich Repin (p; Ilja Jefimovitš Repin; r; – 29 September 1930) was a Russian realist painter.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
In Which We Serve is a 1942 British patriotic war film directed by Noël Coward and David Lean.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Isaac Soyer (April 26, 1902 – July 8, 1981) was a social realist painter and often portrayed working-class people of New York City in his paintings.
Isabel Bishop (March 3, 1902 – February 19, 1988) was an American painter and graphic artist who depicted urban scenes of Union Square, New York, from the 1930s to the 1970s.
Italian neorealism (Neorealismo), also known as the Golden Age, is a national film movement characterized by stories set amongst the poor and the working class, filmed on location, frequently using non-professional actors.
Jack Levine (January 3, 1915November 8, 2010) was an American Social Realist painter and printmaker best known for his satires on modern life, political corruption, and biblical narratives.
Jacob Lawrence (September 7, 1917 – June 9, 2000) was an African-American painter known for his portrayal of African-American life.
Jacob August Riis (May 3, 1849 – May 26, 1914) was a Danish-American social reformer, Georgist, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer.
James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 10, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American artist, active during the American Gilded Age and based primarily in the United Kingdom.
James A. Williamson (8 November 1855 – 18 August 1933) was a Scottish photographer and a key member of the loose association of early film pioneers dubbed the Brighton School by French film historian Georges Sadoul.
Louis Henri Jean Charlot (February 8, 1898 – March 20, 1979) was a French and naturalized American painter and illustrator, active mainly in Mexico and the United States.
Jean Fautrier (May 16, 1898 – July 21, 1964) was a French painter, illustrator, printmaker, and sculptor.
Jean-François Millet (October 4, 1814 – January 20, 1875) was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France.
Jerome Myers (March 20, 1867 – June 19, 1940) was an American artist and writer associated with the Ashcan School, particularly known for his sympathetic depictions of the urban landscape and its people.
Joan Ramón García Castejón, Elche, (December 17, 1945), known as Joan Castejón is a Spanish draftsman, painter and sculptor, considered one of the leading representatives of social realism in the Spanish postwar plastic renewal.
Joel Lamangan (born September 21, 1952) is a Filipino film director, television director and actor.
John Augustus Walker (1901–1967) was a well-known Alabama Gulf Coast artist of the Depression era who was commissioned to undertake several art projects for the Works Progress Administration.
John French Sloan (August 2, 1871 – September 7, 1951) was an American painter and etcher.
John Richard Schlesinger (16 February 1926 – 25 July 2003) was an English film and stage director, and actor.
John Steuart Curry (November 14, 1897 – August 29, 1946) was an American painter whose career spanned the years from 1924 until his death.
John Woodrow Wilson (1922–2015) was an American lithographer, sculptor, painter, muralist, and art teacher whose art was driven by the political climate of his time.
Jorge González Camarena (24 March 1908 – 24 May 1980) was a prominent painter, muralist and sculptor.
José Clemente Orozco (November 23, 1883 – September 7, 1949) was a Mexican painter, who specialized in political murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with murals by Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and others.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Karel Reisz (21 July 1926 – 25 November 2002) was a British filmmaker who was active in post–World War II Britain, and one of the pioneers of the new realist strain in British cinema during the 1950s and 1960s.
Käthe Kollwitz, née Schmidt, (8 July 1867 – 22 April 1945) was a German artist, who worked with painting, printmaking (including etching, lithography and woodcuts) and sculpture.
Kitchen sink realism (or kitchen sink drama) is a British cultural movement that developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s in theatre, art, novels, film, and television plays, whose protagonists usually could be described as "angry young men" who were disillusioned with modern society.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.
Lewis Wickes Hine (September 26, 1874 – November 3, 1940) was an American sociologist and photographer.
Catalino "Lino" Ortiz Brocka (April 3, 1939 – May 22, 1991) was a Filipino film director.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Literaturnaya Gazeta («Литературная Газета», Literary Newspaper) is a weekly cultural and political newspaper published in Russia and the Soviet Union.
Louis Lozowick (December 10, 1892 – September 9, 1973) (ukr: Луї Лозовик) was an American painter and printmaker.
Sir Samuel Luke Fildes (3 October 1843 – 28 February 1927) was an English painter and illustrator born in Liverpool and trained at the South Kensington and Royal Academy schools.
Man at the Crossroads (1933) was a fresco by Diego Rivera in New York City's Rockefeller Center.
Margaret Bourke-White (June 14, 1904 – August 27, 1971) was an American photographer and documentary photographer.
Mario Herrero O'Hara (April 20, 1946 – June 26, 2012) was a Filipino film director, film producer and screenwriter known for his sense of realism often with dark but realistic social messages.
Marion Post (June 7, 1910 – November 24, 1990), later Marion Post Wolcott, was a noted American photographer who worked for the Farm Security Administration during the Great Depression documenting poverty and deprivation.
Martin Wong (July 11, 1946 – August 12, 1999) was a Chinese-American painter of the late twentieth century.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Mass-Observation was a United Kingdom social research organisation founded in 1937.
Maurice de Vlaminck (4 April 1876 – 11 October 1958) was a French painter.
Max Beckmann (February 12, 1884 – December 27, 1950) was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, and writer.
Maxine Albro (January 20, 1893 Ayrshire, Iowa – July 19, 1966 Los Angeles) was an American painter, muralist, lithographer, mosaic artist, and sculptor.
Mechanization or mechanisation (British English) is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Mexican muralism was the promotion of mural painting starting in the 1920s, generally with social and political messages as part of efforts to reunify the country under the post Mexican Revolution government.
The Mexican Revolution (Revolución Mexicana) was a major armed struggle,, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Sir Michael Elias Balcon (19 May 1896 – 17 October 1977) was an English film producer, known for his leadership of Ealing Studios from 1938 to 1955.
Millions Like Us is a 1943 British propaganda film, showing life in a wartime aircraft factory in documentary detail.
Mitchell Siporin (1910–1976) was a Social Realist American painter.
Mobile is the county seat of Mobile County, Alabama, United States.
Moses Soyer (December 25, 1899 – September 3, 1974) was an American social realist painter.
The study of music and emotion seeks to understand the psychological relationship between human affect and music.
Nagarik (নাগরিক), also spelled as Nagorik, The Citizen in English, was the first feature-length film directed by Indian director Ritwik Ghatak.
Neecha Nagar (नीचा नगर Nīcā nagar, English: Lowly City) is a 1946 Hindi-Urdu film, directed by Chetan Anand, written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas and Hayatullah Ansari, and produced by Rashid Anwar.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
Oswaldo Guayasamín (July 6, 1919 – March 10, 1999) was an Ecuadorian master painter and sculptor of Quechua and Mestizo heritage.
Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix (2 December 1891 – 25 July 1969) was a German painter and printmaker, noted for his ruthless and harshly realistic depictions of Weimar society and the brutality of war.
In economics, overproduction, oversupply, excess of supply or glut refers to excess of supply over demand of products being offered to the market.
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).
The Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival.
Parallel cinema is a film movement in Indian cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema, represented especially by popular Hindi cinema, known today as Bollywood.
Passport to Pimlico is a 1949 British comedy film made by Ealing Studios and starring Stanley Holloway, Margaret Rutherford and Hermione Baddeley.
Patriotism or national pride is the ideology of love and devotion to a homeland, and a sense of alliance with other citizens who share the same values.
Paul Cadmus (December 17, 1904 – December 12, 1999) was an American artist.
Paul Raphael Meltsner (1905–1966) was an American artist who was widely recognized for his Works Progress Administration (WPA) era paintings and lithographs, and who was later known for his iconic portraits of celebrities in the performing arts.
Peredvizhniki (pʲɪrʲɪˈdvʲiʐnʲɪkʲɪ), often called The Wanderers or The Itinerants in English, were a group of Russian realist artists who formed an artists' cooperative in protest of academic restrictions; it evolved into the Society for Travelling Art Exhibitions in 1870.
Philip Howard Francis Dixon Evergood (born Howard Blashki; 1901–1973) was a Jewish American painter, etcher, lithographer, sculptor, illustrator and writer.
Philip Guston (pronounced like "rust"), born Phillip Goldstein (June 27, 1913 – June 7, 1980), was a painter and printmaker in the New York School, an art movement that included many abstract expressionists like Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Public works (or internal improvements historically in the United States)Carter Goodrich, (Greenwood Press, 1960)Stephen Minicucci,, Studies in American Political Development (2004), 18:2:160-185 Cambridge University Press.
The Public Works of Art Project (PWAP) was a program to employ artists, as part of the New Deal, during the Great Depression.
Pieter Frans Christiaan Koch, better known as Pyke Koch (July 15, 1901October 27, 1991), was a Dutch artist who painted in a magic realist manner.
Ralph Ward Stackpole (May 1, 1885 – December 13, 1973) was an American sculptor, painter, muralist, etcher and art educator, San Francisco's leading artist during the 1920s and 1930s.
Raphael Soyer (December 25, 1899 – November 4, 1987) was a Russian-born American painter, draftsman, and printmaker.
Realism was an artistic movement that began in France in the 1850s, after the 1848 Revolution.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Reginald Marsh (March 14, 1898July 3, 1954) was an American painter, born in Paris, most notable for his depictions of life in New York City in the 1920s and 1930s.
American Regionalism is an American realist modern art movement that included paintings, murals, lithographs, and illustrations depicting realistic scenes of rural and small-town America primarily in the Midwest and Deep South.
Ritwik Ghatak (4 November 19256 February 1976) was a Bengali filmmaker and script writer.
Robert Gwathmey (January 24, 1903 – September 21, 1988) was an American social realist painter.
Robert Henri (June 24, 1865 – July 12, 1929) was an American painter and teacher.
Roberto Montenegro Nervo (February 19, 1885 in Guadalajara – October 13, 1968 in Mexico City) was a painter, muralist and illustrator, who was one of the first to be involved in the Mexican muralism movement after the Mexican Revolution.
Roberto Gastone Zeffiro Rossellini (8 May 1906 – 3 June 1977) was an Italian film director and screenwriter.
Roger de La Fresnaye (11 July 1885 – 27 November 1925) was a French Cubist painter.
Arnold Roger Manvell (10 October 1909 – 30 November 1987) was the first director of the British Film Academy (a post he filled for over a decade), author of many books on films and film-making, and authored and co-authored (with Heinrich Fraenkel) many books on Nazi Germany, including biographies of Adolf Hitler, Rudolf Hess, Heinrich Himmler, Joseph Goebbels and Hermann Göring.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Romare Bearden (September 2, 1911 – March 12, 1988) was an African-American artist.
Room at the Top is a 1959 British film based on the novel of the same name by John Braine.
The Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp (Dutch: Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen) is a museum in Antwerp, Belgium, founded in 1810, houses a collection of paintings, sculptures and drawings from the fourteenth to the twentieth centuries.
Rufino del Carmen Arellanes Tamayo (August 25, 1899 – June 24, 1991) was a Mexican painter of Zapotec heritage, born in Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico.
Russell Lee (July 21, 1903 – August 28, 1986) was an American photographer and photojournalist, best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA).
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian-born American anarchists who were controversially convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the April 15, 1920 armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States.
The Salon (Salon), or rarely Paris Salon (French: Salon de Paris), beginning in 1667 was the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Santiago Martínez Delgado (1906–1954) was a Colombian painter, sculptor, art historian and writer.
Saturday Night and Sunday Morning is the first novel by British author Alan Sillitoe and won the Author's Club First Novel Award.
Satyajit Ray (2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992) was an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter, graphic artist, music composer and author, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Sharecropping is a form of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
The social environment, social context, sociocultural context or milieu refers to the immediate physical and social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Socialist realism is a style of idealized realistic art that was developed in the Soviet Union and was imposed as the official style in that country between 1932 and 1988, as well as in other socialist countries after World War II.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A subject is a being who has a unique consciousness and/or unique personal experiences, or an entity that has a relationship with another entity that exists outside itself (called an "object").
Suprematism (Супремати́зм) is an art movement, focused on basic geometric forms, such as circles, squares, lines, and rectangles, painted in a limited range of colors.
Syracuse University (commonly referred to as Syracuse, 'Cuse, or SU) is a private research university in Syracuse, New York, United States.
Target for Tonight is a 1941 British documentary film billed as filmed and acted by the Royal Air Force, all while under fire.
The Apu Trilogy comprises three Bengali films directed by Satyajit Ray: Pather Panchali (1955), Aparajito (1956) and The World of Apu (1959).
The Blue Lamp is a 1950 British police drama, directed by Basil Dearden and starring Jack Warner as veteran PC Dixon, Jimmy Hanley as newcomer PC Mitchell, and Dirk Bogarde as hardened criminal Tom Riley.
The Graphic was a British weekly illustrated newspaper, first published on 4 December 1869 by William Luson Thomas's company Illustrated Newspapers Limited.
The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner is a 1962 film based on the short story of the same name.
The Philadelphia Record was a daily newspaper published in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1877 until 1947.
The Potato Eaters (De Aardappeleters) is an oil painting by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh painted in April 1885 in Nuenen, Netherlands.
The Stone Breakers (Les Casseurs de pierres) was an 1849 painting by the French painter Gustave Courbet.
The Titfield Thunderbolt is a 1953 British comedy film about a group of villagers trying to keep their branch line operating after British Railways decided to close it.
This Happy Breed is a 1944 British Technicolor drama film directed by David Lean.
Thomas Hardy (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet.
Thomas Hart Benton (April 15, 1889 – January 19, 1975) was an American painter and muralist.
Cecil Antonio "Tony" Richardson (5 June 1928 – 14 November 1991) was an English theatre and film director and producer whose career spanned five decades.
Torsten Edvard Billman (6 May 1909 – 6 April 1989) was a Swedish artist who primarily worked as a graphic artist, book illustrator, and buon fresco painter.
Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.
Union of Soviet Writers, USSR Union of Writers, or Soviet Union of Writers (translit) was a creative union of professional writers in the Soviet Union.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government.
Shantaram Rajaram Vankudre (18 November 1901 – 30 October 1990), referred to as V. Shantaram or Shantaram Bapu, was a Marathi Indian filmmaker, film producer and actor.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
Vittorio De Sica (7 July 1901 – 13 November 1974) was an Italian director and actor, a leading figure in the neorealist movement.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Walker Evans (November 3, 1903 – April 10, 1975) was an American photographer and photojournalist best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) documenting the effects of the Great Depression.
The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects.
Walt Kuhn (October 27, 1877 – July 13, 1949) was an American painter and an organizer of the famous Armory Show of 1913, which was America's first large-scale introduction to European Modernism.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Will Barnet (May 25, 1911November 13, 2012) was an American artist known for his paintings, watercolors, drawings, and prints depicting the human figure and animals, both in casual scenes of daily life and in transcendent dreamlike worlds.
William Victor "Bill" Gropper (December 3, 1897January 3, 1977), was a U.S. cartoonist, painter, lithographer, and muralist.
William Small (13 October 1734 – 25 February 1775) was born in Carmyllie, Angus, Scotland, the son of a Presbyterian minister, James Small and his wife Lillias Scott, and younger brother to Dr Robert Small.
The Works Progress Administration (WPA; renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration) was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing millions of people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The 1st annual Cannes Film Festival was held from 20 September to 5 October 1946.
The 7th Cannes Film Festival was held from 25 March to 9 April 1954.