100 relations: Aesthetics, African Americans, Arabs, Association fallacy, Émile Durkheim, Badge of shame, Behavior, Belief, Ben Goldacre, Biology of depression, Black people, Brenda Major, Cancer, Cleft lip and cleft palate, Clubfoot, Collateral consequences of criminal conviction, Community, Critical consciousness, Culture, Devaluation, Deviance (sociology), Discrimination, Disease, Economic power, Education, Emotion, Empirical research, Epilepsy, Epileptic seizure, Erving Goffman, Gender, George Ritzer, Health, Health care, Heterosexuality, Homosexuality, HuffPost, Human, Identity (social science), Income, Jews, Label (sociology), Labeling theory, Labelling, Leprosy, Leprosy stigma, Life chances, Mental disorder, Mental health, Muscular dystrophy, ..., Narcissism, National Mental Health Anti-Stigma Campaign, Nationality, Nazi Germany, Neurological disorder, Old age, Passing (sociology), Paulo Freire, Perspectives on Psychological Science, Physical disorder, Physician, Post-assault treatment of sexual assault victims, Power (social and political), Preference falsification, Prejudice, Prentice Hall, Prison, Prison officer, Psychiatrist, Psychological Bulletin, Race (human categorization), Religion, Research, Sanity, Scapegoat, Self-concealment, Self-esteem, Self-schema, September 11 attacks, Social alienation, Social distance, Social exclusion, Social group, Social rejection, Social stigma of obesity, Sociology, Sonagachi, Stereotype, Stereotype threat, Stig-9, Stigma management, Subjective well-being, Taboo, Taiwan, Tattoo, The Guardian, Tracy L. Cross, United States, White people, Youth. Expand index (50 more) » « Shrink index
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
An association fallacy is an informal inductive fallacy of the hasty-generalization or red-herring type and which asserts, by irrelevant association and often by appeal to emotion, that qualities of one thing are inherently qualities of another.
David Émile Durkheim (or; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist.
A badge of shame, also a symbol of shame, mark of shame or stigma, is typically a distinctive symbol required to be worn by a specific group or an individual for the purpose of public humiliation, ostracism or persecution.
Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Ben Michael Goldacre (born 20 May 1974) is a British physician, academic and science writer.
Scientific studies have found that numerous brain areas show altered activity in patients suffering from depression, and this has encouraged advocates of various theories that seek to identify a biochemical origin of the disease, as opposed to theories that emphasize psychological or situational causes.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
Brenda Nelle Major (born August 21, 1950) is an American social psychologist and distinguished professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she heads the Self and Social Identity Lab.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP).
Clubfoot is a birth defect where one or both feet are rotated inwards and downwards.
Collateral consequences of criminal conviction are the additional civil state penalties, mandated by statute, that attach to criminal convictions.
A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity.
Critical consciousness, conscientization, or conscientização in Portuguese, is a popular education and social concept developed by Brazilian pedagogue and educational theorist Paulo Freire, grounded in post-Marxist critical theory.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
In modern monetary policy, a devaluation is an official lowering of the value of a country's currency within a fixed exchange rate system, by which the monetary authority formally sets a new fixed rate with respect to a foreign reference currency or currency basket.
In sociology, deviance describes an action or behavior that violates social norms, including a formally enacted rule (e.g., crime), as well as informal violations of social norms (e.g., rejecting folkways and mores).
In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Economists use several concepts featuring the word "power".
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Empirical research is research using empirical evidence.
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Erving Goffman (11 June 1922 – 19 November 1982) was a Canadian-American sociologist and writer, considered by some "the most influential American sociologist of the twentieth century".
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.
George Ritzer (born October 14, 1940) is an American sociologist, professor, and author who studies globalization, metatheory, patterns of consumption, and modern and postmodern social theory.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Heterosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between persons of the opposite sex or gender.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
In psychology, identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity) or group (particular social category or social group).
Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
In sociology, the word labelling is used more as a metaphor, than a concrete concept.
Labeling theory is the theory of how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them.
Labelling or labeling is describing someone or something in a word or short phrase.
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.
Leprosy stigma is a kind of social stigma, a strong feeling that a leprosy patient is shameful and is not accepted normally in society.
Life chances (Lebenschancen in German) is a social science theory of the opportunities each individual has to improve their quality of life.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles over time.
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's own attributes.
The National Mental Health Anti-Stigma Campaign is a campaign in the United States to eliminate the social stigma associated with mental illness.
Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
A neurological disorder is any disorder of the nervous system.
Old age refers to ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and is thus the end of the human life cycle.
Passing is the ability of a person to be regarded as a member of an identity group or category different from their own, which may include racial identity, ethnicity, caste, social class, sexual orientation, gender, religion, age and/or disability status. Passing may result in privileges, rewards, or an increase in social acceptance,Daniel G. Renfrow, "," Symbolic Interaction, Vol.
Paulo Reglus Neves Freire (September 19, 1921 – May 2, 1997) was a Brazilian educator and philosopher who was a leading advocate of critical pedagogy.
Perspectives on Psychological Science is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal of psychology.
A physical disorder (as a medical term) is often used as a term in contrast to a mental disorder, in an attempt to differentiate medical disorders that have an available mechanical test (such as chemical tests or brain scans), from those disorders which have no laboratory or imaging test, and are diagnosed only by behavioral syndrome (such as those in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Differentiating the physical disorders from mental disorders can be a difficult problem in both medicine and law, most notably because it delves into deep issues, and very old and unresolved arguments in philosophy and religion. Many materialists believe that all mental disorders are physical disorders of some kind, even if tests for them have not yet been developed (and it has been the case that some disorders once widely thought to be purely mental, are known to have physical origins, such as schizophrenia). Some recognized physical disorders produce significant behavioral changes. For example, fever, head trauma, and hyperthyroidism can produce delirium. Category:Medical terminology.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
After a sexual assault or rape, victims are often subjected to scrutiny and, in some cases, mistreatment.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
The idea of preference falsification was put forth by the social scientist Timur Kuran in his book Private Truth, Public Lies as part of his theory of how people's stated preferences are responsive to social influences.
Prejudice is an affective feeling towards a person or group member based solely on that person's group membership.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
A prison officer (UK and Ireland, and the official English title in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden), also known as corrections officer (New Zealand, US), correctional officer (Australia, Canada, Jamaica, and US), detention officer (US) or penal officer (US), is a person responsible for the supervision, safety, and security of prisoners in a prison, jail, or similar form of secure custody.
A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders.
The Psychological Bulletin is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes evaluative and integrative research reviews and interpretations of issues in psychology, including both qualitative (narrative) and/or quantitative (meta-analytic) aspects.
A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
Sanity (from sānitās) refers to the soundness, rationality and health of the human mind, as opposed to insanity.
In the Bible, a scapegoat is an animal which is ritually burdened with the sins of others then driven away.
Self-concealment (SC) is a psychological construct defined as "a predisposition to actively conceal from others personal information that one perceives as distressing or negative".
Self-esteem reflects an individual's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
The self-schema refers to a long lasting and stable set of memories that summarize a person's beliefs, experiences and generalizations about the self, in specific behavioral domains.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Social alienation is "a condition in social relationships reflected by a low degree of integration or common values and a high degree of distance or isolation between individuals, or between an individual and a group of people in a community or work environment".
Social distance describes the distance between different groups in society and is opposed to ''locational distance''.
Social exclusion, or social marginalization, is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society.
In the social sciences, a social group has been defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity.
Social rejection occurs when an individual is deliberately excluded from a social relationship or social interaction.
The social stigma of obesity has created negative psychosocial impacts and has caused disadvantages for overweight and obese people.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
Sonagachi is India's largest red-light district.
In social psychology, a stereotype is an over-generalized belief about a particular category of people.
Stereotype threat is a situational predicament in which people are or feel themselves to be at risk of conforming to stereotypes about their social group.
Stig-9 is a free and open source self-report questionnaire to measure perceived mental illness stigma.
When a person receives unfair treatment or alienation due to a social stigma, the effects can be detrimental.
Subjective well-being (SWB) is a self-reported measure of well-being, typically obtained by questionnaire.
In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
A tattoo is a form of body modification where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes and pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
Tracy L. Cross (born June 25, 1958, in Tennessee, United States) is an educational psychologist, the Jody and Layton Smith Professor of Psychology and Gifted Education at The College of William & Mary.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
Youth is the time of life when one is young, and often means the time between childhood and adulthood (maturity).