179 relations: AKhRR, Aleksandr Deyneka, Alexander Bogdanov, Alexander Nikolayevich Samokhvalov, Alexander Osmerkin, Alexander Semionov, Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov, Anatoly Lunacharsky, And Quiet Flows the Don, Andrei Sinyavsky, Andrei Zhdanov, Anna Ostroumova-Lebedeva, Arseny Semionov, Art movement, Artists' Union of the USSR, Avant-garde, Baltic region, Bimal Roy, Bollywood, Bolsheviks, Boris Ioganson, Boris Korneev, Bulldozer Exhibition, Capitalist realism, Cement (novel), Censorship in the Soviet Union, Chetan Anand (director), Chinese space program, Cinema of the Soviet Union, Constructivism (art), Contemporary art, Counter-revolutionary, Cubism, Czesław Miłosz, Czeslaw Znamierowski, Daniel Selvaraj, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Dmitry Kardovsky, Dmitry Maevsky, Do Bigha Zamin, Dogma, Engels Kozlov, Engineers of the human soul, Expressionism, Felix Lembersky, Feodor Gladkov, Fine Art of Leningrad, Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov, Geliy Korzhev, Genre painting, ..., Georgi Plekhanov, Glasnost, Grigori Kozintsev, Hanns Eisler, Heroic realism, How the Steel Was Tempered, Ilya Repin, Imperial Academy of Arts, Impressionism, Isaak Brodsky, Isaak Dunayevsky, Israel, Ivan Bilibin, Ivan Shadr, Johannes R. Becher, Joseph Stalin, Katyusha (song), Kazimir Malevich, Konstantin Yuon, Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Labour movement, Landscape painting, Laos, Latvia, League of American Writers, Leningrad School of Painting, Leon Trotsky, Leonid Steele, Leonid Trauberg, Lev Russov, Library of Congress Country Studies, List of Sahitya Akademi Award winners for Tamil, Lithuania, Lithuanian Art Museum, Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ljubljana, Louis Aragon, Martin Andersen Nexø, Mass song, Matvey Blanter, Matvey Manizer, Maxim Gorky, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mikhail Natarevich, Mikhail Sholokhov, Mikhail Trufanov, Miroslav Krleža, Moscow Metro, Mother (Gorky novel), Neecha Nagar, Negba, New Economic Policy, New Soviet man, Nikita Khrushchev, Nikolai Galakhov, Nikolai Ostrovsky, Nikolai Pozdneev, Nikolai Timkov, Nikolay Punin, Nina Veselova, North Korea, Odessa Group, Oleg Lomakin, Pablo Neruda, Palace of Culture and Science, Palme d'Or, Partiinost', People's Commissariat for Education, People's Republic, Peredvizhniki, Perestroika, Piotr Buchkin, Poland, Political commissar, Portrait painting, Post-Impressionism, Prague, Proletarian literature, Proletariat, Proletkult, Propaganda, Propaganda in the Soviet Union, Realism (arts), Red Army, Revolutionary song, Richard Pipes, Rudolf Frentz, Russian culture, Russian Empire, Russian Futurism, Samuil Nevelshtein, Sergei Osipov (artist), Sergei Yutkevich, Sergey Malyutin, Shchors (film), Social order, Social realism, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist realism in Poland, Socialist realism in Romania, Soviet Union, Stakhanovite movement, Stalin Monument (Prague), Stalin's cult of personality, Stalinist architecture, The Don Flows Home to the Sea, The Internationale, The Sacred War, The Youth of Maxim, Tito–Stalin Split, Tsar, Vasily Golubev, Victor Oreshnikov, Vietnam, Vilnius, Vkhutemas, Vladimir Gorb, Vladimir Lenin, Vladimir Ovchinnikov (painter), Waldo Frank, Whirlwinds of Danger, Working-class culture, Yuri Neprintsev, Yuri Tulin, Yuriy Pimenov, Yury Krymov, Zhdanov Doctrine, 1946 Cannes Film Festival, 1954 Cannes Film Festival. Expand index (129 more) » « Shrink index
The Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (Ассоциация художников революционной России, Assotsiatsia Khudozhnikov Revolutsionnoi Rossii, 1922-1928), later known as Association of Artists of the Revolution (Ассоциация художников революции, Assotsiatsia Khudozhnikov Revolutsii or AKhR, 1928-1932) was a group of artists in the Soviet Union in 1922-1933.
Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deyneka (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Дейне́ка; May 20, 1899 – June 12, 1969) was a Soviet Russian painter, graphic artist and sculptor, regarded as one of the most important Russian modernist figurative painters of the first half of the 20th century.
Alexander Aleksandrovich Bogdanov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Богда́нов; born Alyaksandr Malinovsky, Алякса́ндр Алякса́ндравіч Маліно́ўскі) (– 7 April 1928) was a Russian and Soviet physician, philosopher, science fiction writer, and revolutionary of Belarusian ethnicity.
Alexander Nikolayevich Samokhvalov (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Самохва́лов; 21 August 1894 - 20 August 1971) was a Soviet Russian painter, watercolorist, graphic artist, illustrator, art teacher and Honored Arts Worker of the RSFSR, who lived and worked in Leningrad.
Alexander Alexandrovich Osmerkin (Александр Александрович Осмеркин; - June 25, 1953) was a Russian painter, graphic artist, stage designer, and art teacher.
Alexander Mikhailovich Semionov (Александр Михайлович Семёнов; 18 February 1922 – 23 June 1984) is a Soviet Russian painter, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists and representative of the Leningrad School of Painting, most famous for his cityscape paintings.
Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov (– 8 July 1946) was a Russian Soviet composer, the founder of the Alexandrov Ensemble, who wrote the music for the State Anthem of the Soviet Union, which, in 2000, became the national anthem of Russia (with new lyrics).
Anatoly Vasilyevich Lunacharsky, – 26 December 1933) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and the first Bolshevik Soviet People's Commissar ("Narkompros"), responsible for Ministry and Education, as well as active playwright, critic, essayist, and journalist throughout his career.
And Quiet Flows the Don or Quietly Flows the Don (Тихий Дон, literally "Quiet Don") is an epic novel in four volumes by Russian writer Mikhail Alexandrovich Sholokhov.
Andrei Donatovich Sinyavsky (Андре́й Дона́тович Синя́вский, 8 October 1925 in Moscow – 25 February 1997 in Paris) was a Russian writer, dissident, political prisoner, emigrant, Professor of Sorbonne University, magazine founder and publisher.
Andrei Alexandrovich Zhdanov (p; – 31 August 1948) was a Soviet Communist Party leader and cultural ideologist.
Anna Petrovna Ostroumova-Lebedeva (Анна Петровна Остроумова-Лебедева, 17 May 1871 — 5 May 1955) was a Russian and Soviet artist most notable for her watercolor painting.
Arseny Nikiforovich Semionov (Арсе́ний Ники́форович Семе́нов; January 23, 1911in Maksimovo, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire – September 13, 1992 in Saint Petersburg, Russia) – Soviet Russian painter and art teacher, lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, regarded as one of the representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most famous for his landscape and cityscape paintings.
An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years.
The Artists' Union of the USSR (translit) was a creative union of the Soviet artists and art critics embracing the Republics of the Soviet Union.
The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.
The terms Baltic region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countries refer to slightly different combinations of countries in the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe.
Bimal Roy (বিমল রায়) (12 July 1909 – 8 January 1966) was an Indian film director.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Boris Vladimirovich Ioganson (Борис Владимирович Иогансон, – 25 February 1973) was a Russian and Soviet painter.
Boris Vasilievich Korneev (Бори́с Васи́льевич Корне́ев; 15 February 1922, Petrozavodsk, Soviet Russia – 24 December 1973, Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet Russian painter and art teacher, Honored Artist of the Russian Federation, professor of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after Ilya Repin, lived and worked in Leningrad, regarded as one of the major representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most famous for his genre painting and portraits.
The Bulldozer Exhibition (Бульдо́зерная вы́ставка) was an unofficial art exhibition on a vacant lot in the Belyayevo urban forest by Moscow and Leningrad avant-garde artists on September 15, 1974.
The term "Capitalist realism" has been used, particularly in Germany, to describe commodity-based art, from Pop Art in the 1950s and 1960s to the commodity art of the 1980s and 1990s.
Cement (Russian: Цемент) is a Russian novel by Fyodor Gladkov (1883–1958).
Censorship in the Soviet Union was pervasive and strictly enforced.
Chetan Anand (3 January 1921 – 6 July 1997) was a Hindi film producer, screenwriter and director from India, whose debut film, Neecha Nagar, was awarded the Palme d'Or (Best Film) award at the first ever Cannes Film Festival in 1946.
The space program of the People's Republic of China is directed by the China National Space Administration (CNSA).
The cinema of the Soviet Union, not to be confused with "cinema of Russia" despite films in the Russian language being predominant in the body of work so described, includes films produced by the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, albeit they were all regulated by the central government in Moscow.
Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1913 by Vladimir Tatlin.
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
A counter-revolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part.
Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement which brought European painting and sculpture historically forward toward 20th century Modern art.
Czesław Miłosz (30 June 1911 – 14 August 2004) was a Polish poet, prose writer, translator and diplomat.
Czeslaw Znamierowski (23 May 1890 – 9 August 1977) was a renowned Soviet Lithuanian painter, known for his large artworks and love of nature.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.
Dmitry Nicolajevich Kardovsky (5 September 1866 - 9 February 1943) was a Russian artist, illustrator and stage designer.
Dmitry Ivanovich Maevsky (Дми́трий Ива́нович Мае́вский; May 17, 1917, Petrograd, Russian Empire – July 23, 1992, Saint Petersburg, Russia) was a Soviet Russian painter, lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, regarded as one of representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most famous for his lyrical landscapes.
Do Bigha Zamin is a 1953 Hindi film, directed by Bengali film director Bimal Roy and starring Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy in lead roles.
The term dogma is used in pejorative and non-pejorative senses.
Engels Vasilievich Kozlov (Э́нгельс Васи́льевич Козло́в; March 24, 1926, Troitsko-Pechorsk, Komi Republic, USSR – November 20, 2007, Saint Petersburg, Russia) was a Soviet Russian painter, People's Artist of Russia, lived and worked in Leningrad – Saint Petersburg, regarded as one of representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most famous for his genre and portrait painting.
Engineers of the human soul (Инженеры человеческих душ) was a term applied to writers and other cultural workers by Joseph Stalin.
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
Felix Samoilovich Lembersky (Феликс Самойлович Лемберский) (Lublin, Poland, November 11, 1913 – Leningrad, currently St. Petersburg, December 2, 1970) was a Russian/Soviet painter, artist, teacher, theater stage designer and an organizer of artistic groups.
Feodor Vasilyevich Gladkov (Фёдор Васильевич Гладков) – December 20, 1958) was a Soviet Socialist realist writer. Gladkov joined a Communist group in 1904, and in 1905 went to Tiflis (now Tbilisi) and was arrested there for revolutionary activities. He was sentenced to three years' exile. He then moved to Novorossiisk. Among other positions, he served as the editor of the newspaper Krasnoye Chernomorye, secretary of the journal Novy Mir, special correspondent for Izvestiya, and director of the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute in Moscow from 1945 to 1948. He received the Stalin Prize (in 1949) for his literary accomplishments, and is considered a classic writer of Soviet Socialist Realist literature.
The Fine Art of Leningrad is an important component of twentieth-century Russian Soviet art, in the opinion of the art historians Vladimir Gusev and Vladimir Leniashin "one of its most powerful currents".
Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov (Фёдор Павлович Решетников) (– December 13, 1988) was a prominent Soviet painter.
Geliy Mikhailovich Korzhev-Chuvelev (Гелий Михайлович Коржев-Чувелёв; 7 July 1925 – 27 August 2012) was a Russian painter.
Genre painting, also called genre scene or petit genre, depicts aspects of everyday life by portraying ordinary people engaged in common activities.
Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov (a; 29 November 1856 – 30 May 1918) was a Russian revolutionary and a Marxist theoretician.
In the Russian language the word glasnost (гла́сность) has several general and specific meanings.
Grigori Mikhaylovich Kozintsev (Григо́рий Миха́йлович Ко́зинцев; – 11 May 1973) was a Soviet theatre and film director.
Hanns Eisler (6 July 1898 – 6 September 1962) was an Austrian composer (his father was Austrian, and Eisler fought in a Hungarian regiment in World War I).
Heroic realism is a term which has sometimes been used to describe art used as propaganda.
How the Steel Was Tempered (Как закалялась сталь, Kak zakalyalas' stal) is a socialist realist novel written by Nikolai Ostrovsky (1904–1936).
Ilya Yefimovich Repin (p; Ilja Jefimovitš Repin; r; – 29 September 1930) was a Russian realist painter.
The Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, informally known as the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts, was founded in 1757 by Ivan Shuvalov under the name Academy of the Three Noblest Arts.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Isaak Izrailevich Brodsky (Исаак Израилевич Бродский; Іса́к Ізраїльович Бро́дський, – 14 August 1939) was a Soviet-Jewish painter whose work provided a blueprint for the art movement of socialist realism.
Isaak Osipovich Dunayevsky (Исаак Осипович Дунаевский; also transliterated as Dunaevski or Dunaevsky; 25 July 1955) was a Soviet film composer and conductor of the 1930s and 1940s, who achieved huge success in music for operetta and film comedies, frequently working with the film director Grigori Aleksandrov.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Ivan Yakovlevich Bilibin (p; – 7 February 1942) was a 20th-century illustrator and stage designer who took part in the Mir iskusstva, contributed to the Ballets Russes, co-founded the Union of Russian Painters (Сою́з ру́сских худо́жников) and from 1937 was a member of the Artists' Union of the USSR.
Ivan Shadr (Иван Шадр), pseudonym of Ivan Dmitriyevich Ivanov (Ива́н Дми́триевич Ивано́в;, Shadrinsk, now Kurgan Oblast — 3 April 1941, Moscow) was a Russian/Soviet sculptor and medalist who took his pseudonym after his hometown of Shadrinsk.
Johannes Robert Becher (22 May 1891 – 11 October 1958) was a German politician, novelist, and poet.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
"Katyusha", (Катю́ша - a diminutive form of Екатерина—Katherine) also transliterated as "Katusha", "Katjuscha", "Katiusha" or "Katjusha", is Russian folk song. It was composed by Matvey Blanter in 1938, and gained fame during World War II as a patriotic song, inspiring the population to serve and defend their land in the war effort. In Russia, the song is still popular. The song is the source of the nickname of the BM-8, BM-13, and BM-31 "Katyusha" rocket launchers that were used by the Red Army in World War II.
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (// ЦГИАК Украины, ф. 1268, оп. 1, д. 26, л. 13об—14.–May 15, 1935) was a Russian avant-garde artist and art theorist, whose pioneering work and writing had a profound influence on the development of non-objective, or abstract art, in the 20th century.
Konstantin Fyodorovich Yuon or Juon (Константи́н Фёдорович Юо́н; – April 11, 1958) was a noted Russian painter and theatre designer associated with the Mir Iskusstva.
Kuzma Sergeevich Petrov-Vodkin, (November 5, 1878 – February 15, 1939) was an important Russian and Soviet painter and writer.
The labour movement or labor movement consists of two main wings, the trade union movement (British English) or labor union movement (American English), also called trade unionism or labor unionism on the one hand, and the political labour movement on the other.
Landscape painting, also known as landscape art, is the depiction of landscapes in art – natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, especially where the main subject is a wide view – with its elements arranged into a coherent composition.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
The League of American Writers was an association of American novelists, playwrights, poets, journalists, and literary critics launched by the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) in 1935.
The Leningrad School of Painting (Ленинградская школа живописи) is a phenomenon that refers to a large group of painters who developed in Leningrad around the reformed Academy of Arts in 1930-1950 and was united by the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists (1932-1991).
Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.
Leonid Mikhailovich Steele (1921 - October 2014) was one of the leading artists of the Russian Realist School - the Soviet period in Russian Art known as socialist realism or socrealizm. A member of the USSR Union of Artists since 1958, he is known for his large multi-figure works, as well as figure, genre and landscape works - especially his portrayals of peasant life in the Ukraine and nature scenes of the Moscow region.
Leonid Zakharovich Trauberg (Леонид Захарович Трауберг, 17 January 1902 – 14 November 1990) was a Ukrainian Soviet film director and screenwriter.
Lev Alexandrovich Russov (Ле́в Алекса́ндрович Ру́сов; January 31, 1926 – February 20, 1987) is a Soviet Russian painter, graphic artist, and sculptor, living and working in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, representative of the ''Leningrad school of painting'', most known for his portrait painting.
The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.
The Sahitya Akademi Award is the second-highest literary honor in India.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
The Lithuanian Art Museum (Lietuvos dailės muziejus) is an art museum established in Vilnius in 1933 as the Vilnius City Museum.
The Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (Lithuanian SSR; Lietuvos Tarybų Socialistinė Respublika; Литовская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Litovskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), one of the USSR republics that existed in 1940–1941 and 1944–1990, was formed on the basis of the Soviet occupation rule.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
Louis Aragon (3 October 1897 – 24 December 1982) was a French poet, who was one of the leading voices of the surrealist movement in France, who co-founded with André Breton and Philippe Soupault the surrealist review Littérature.
Martin Andersen Nexø (26 June 1869 – 1 June 1954) was a Danish writer.
Mass song (ма́ссовая пе́сня mássovaya pésnya) was a genre of Soviet music that was widespread in the Soviet Union.
Matvei Isaakovich Blanter (Матве́й Исаа́кович Бла́нтер) (27 September 1990), HSL, PAU, was one of the most prominent composers of popular songs and film music in the Soviet Union.
Matvey Genrikhovich Manizer (1891 – 1966) was a prominent Russian sculptor.
Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (Макси́м Го́рький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
Mikhail Davidovich Natarevich (Михаи́л Дави́дович Натаре́вич; September 29, 1907 in Vitebsk, Russian Empire – February 23, 1979 in Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet, Russian painter who lived and worked in Leningrad; he was a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, and was regarded as one of the brightest representatives of the Leningrad school of painting.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov (p; – February 21, 1984) was a Soviet/Russian novelist and winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Mikhail Pavlovich Trufanov (Михаи́л Па́влович Труфа́нов; November 22, 1921 in Nyzhnie Peny, Kursk Governorate, Soviet Russia – April 24, 1988 in Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet Russian painter and Honored Artist of the Russian Federation.
Miroslav Krleža (7 July 1893 – 29 December 1981) was a leading Croatian writer and a prominent figure in cultural life of both Yugoslav states, the Kingdom (1918–1941) and the Socialist Republic (1945 until his death in 1981).
The Moscow Metro (p) is a rapid transit system serving Moscow, Russia and the neighbouring Moscow Oblast cities of Krasnogorsk, Reutov, Lyubertsy and Kotelniki.
Mother (Russian: Мать) is a novel written by Maxim Gorky in 1906 about revolutionary factory workers.
Neecha Nagar (नीचा नगर Nīcā nagar, English: Lowly City) is a 1946 Hindi-Urdu film, directed by Chetan Anand, written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas and Hayatullah Ansari, and produced by Rashid Anwar.
Negba (נֶגְבָּה) is a kibbutz in southern Israel.
The New Economic Policy (NEP, Russian новая экономическая политика, НЭП) was an economic policy of Soviet Russia proposed by Vladimir Lenin in 1921 as a temporary expedient.
The New Soviet man or New Soviet person (новый советский человек novy sovetsky chelovek), as postulated by the ideologists of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, was an archetype of a person with specific qualities that were said to be emerging as dominant among all citizens of the Soviet Union, irrespective of the country's cultural, ethnic, and linguistic diversity, creating a single Soviet people, Soviet nation.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
Nikolai Nikolaevich Galakhov (Никола́й Никола́евич Гала́хов; May 29, 1928 in Kazan, USSR) is a Russian artist.
Nikolai Alexeevich Ostrovsky (Николай Алексеевич Островский; Микола Олексійович Островський; 29 September 1904 – 22 December 1936) was a Soviet socialist realist writer, of Ukrainian origin.
Nikolai Matveevich Pozdneev (Никола́й Матве́евич Поздне́ев; 28 September 1930, Leningrad, USSR – 10 June 1978, Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet Russian painter, living and working in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, representative of the ''Leningrad school of painting'', most known for his genre and still life paintings.
Nikolai Efimovich Timkov (Тимко́в Никола́й Ефи́мович; August 12, 1912, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire – December 25, 1993, Saint Petersburg, Russia) was a Soviet Russian painter, Honored Artist of Russian Federation, and a member of the Saint Petersburg Union of Artists (before 1992 the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation).
Nikolay Nikolayevich Punin (Никола́й Никола́евич Пу́нин; – August 21, 1953) was a Russian art scholar and writer.
Nina Leonidovna Veselova (Ни́на Леони́довна Весело́ва; January 6, 1922, Petrograd, Soviet Russia – March 3, 1960, Leningrad, USSR) was a Russian Soviet realist painter and graphic artist, Doctor of art-criticism (1954), who lived and worked in Leningrad.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The Odessa Group of exiled and dissident artists take their name from the Ukrainian city of Odessa.
Oleg Leonidovich Lomakin (Оле́г Леони́дович Лома́кин; August 29, 1924, Krasny Kholm, Tver Province, USSR – March 25, 2010, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation) was a Russian Soviet realist painter, Honored Artist of the RSFSR, who lived and worked in Saint Petersburg (former Leningrad).
Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto (12 July 1904 – 23 September 1973), better known by his pen name and, later, legal name Pablo Neruda, was a Chilean poet-diplomat and politician.
Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki; abbreviated PKiN) is a notable high-rise building in Warsaw, Poland.
The Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival.
Partiinost' (партийность) is a transliteration of a Russian term from Marxism-Leninism.
The People's Commissariat for Education (or Narkompros; Народный комиссариат просвещения, Наркомпрос) was the Soviet agency charged with the administration of public education and most other issues related to culture.
"People's Republic" is a title used by some sovereign states with republican constitutions.
Peredvizhniki (pʲɪrʲɪˈdvʲiʐnʲɪkʲɪ), often called The Wanderers or The Itinerants in English, were a group of Russian realist artists who formed an artists' cooperative in protest of academic restrictions; it evolved into the Society for Travelling Art Exhibitions in 1870.
Perestroika (a) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 and is widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.
Piotr Dmitrievich Buchkin (Пё́тр Дми́триевич Бучки́н; 22 January 1886 – 21 June 1965) was a Soviet and Russian painter, watercolorist, graphic artist, illustrator, and art teacher, Honored Arts Worker of the RSFSR.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
In the military, a political commissar or political officer (or politruk, from политический руководитель, "political leader"), is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of the unit they are assigned to, and intended to ensure civilian control of the military.
Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to depict a human subject.
Post-Impressionism (also spelled Postimpressionism) is a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905, from the last Impressionist exhibition to the birth of Fauvism.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Proletarian literature refers here to the literature created by working-class writers mainly for the class-conscious proletariat.
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).
Proletkult (p), a portmanteau of the Russian words "proletarskaya kultura" (proletarian culture), was an experimental Soviet artistic institution that arose in conjunction with the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Communist propaganda in the Soviet Union was extensively based on the Marxism-Leninism ideology to promote the Communist Party line.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Revolutionary songs are political songs that advocate or praise revolutions.
Richard Edgar Pipes (Ryszard Pipes; July 11, 1923 – May 17, 2018) was a Polish American academic who specialized in Russian history, particularly with respect to the Soviet Union, who espoused a strong anti-communist point of view throughout his career.
Rudolf Rudolfovich Frentz (Рудо́льф Рудо́льфович Фре́нц; 23 July 1888 – 27 December 1956) is a Soviet and Russian painter, watercolorist, graphic artist, illustrator, and art teacher who lived and worked in Leningrad.
Russian culture has a long history.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Russian Futurism was a movement of Russian poets and artists who adopted the principles of Filippo Marinetti's "Manifesto of Futurism," which espoused the rejection of the past, and a celebration of speed, machinery, violence, youth and industry; it also advocated the modernization and cultural rejuvenation.
Samuil Grigorievich Nevelshtein (Самуи́л Григо́рьевич Невельште́йн; March 22, 1903, city Herson, Ukraine, Russian Empire – November 16, 1983, Leningrad, USSR) - Soviet, Russian painter, watercolorist, graphic artist, and art teacher, lived and worked in Leningrad, regarded as one of the representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most known for his portraits of children and youth.
Sergei Ivanovich Osipov (Серге́й Ива́нович О́сипов; September 22, 1915, Stepankovo, Bezhetsk county, Tver Province, Russian Empire – 1985, Leningrad, USSR) is a Russian painter, graphic artist, and art teacher, who lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation.
Sergei Iosifovich Yutkevich (Серге́й Ио́сифович Ютке́вич, 28 December 1904 – 24 April 1985) was a Soviet film director and screenwriter.
Sergey Vasilyevich Malyutin (Сергей Васильевич Малютин; 4 October 1859 - 6 December 1937) was a Russian painter of fine crafts, (scenic) designer, illustrator and architect; initially associated with the Arts and Crafts Movement.
Shchors (Щopc) is a 1939 Soviet biopic film directed by Alexander Dovzhenko.
The term social order can be used in two senses.
Social realism is the term used for work produced by painters, printmakers, photographers, writers and filmmakers that aims to draw attention to the everyday conditions of the working class and to voice the authors' critique of the social structures behind these conditions.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
Socialist realism in Poland (socrealizm) was a social, political, and esthetic doctrine enforced by the pro-Soviet communist government in the process of Stalinization of the postwar People's Republic of Poland.
After World War II, socialist realism on the Soviet model was imposed on the USSR's new satellites, including Romania.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The term Stakhanovite originated in the Soviet Union and referred to workers who modelled themselves after Alexey Stakhanov.
Stalin's Monument was a massive granite statue honoring Joseph Stalin that was unveiled on 1 May 1955 after more than 5½ years of work in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
Joseph Stalin's cult of personality became a prominent part of Soviet culture in December 1929, after a lavish celebration for Stalin's 50th birthday.
Stalinist architecture, also referred to as Stalinist Empire style or Socialist Classicism, is a term given to architecture of the Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, between 1933, when Boris Iofan's draft for Palace of the Soviets was officially approved, and 1955, when Nikita Khrushchev condemned "excesses" of the past decades and disbanded the Soviet Academy of Architecture.
The Don Flows Home to the Sea (1940) is the second in the series of the great Don epic (Tikhii Don) written by Mikhail Sholokhov.
"The Internationale" (L'Internationale) is a left-wing anthem.
"The Sacred War" (Священная война Svyashchennaya Voyna, also known as Вставай, страна огромная! Vstavaj, strana ogromnaja, "Arise, Great (Vast) Country!") was one of the most famous Soviet songs of the Second World War.
The Youth of Maxim (Юность Максима) is a 1935 Soviet historical drama film directed by Grigori Kozintsev and Leonid Trauberg, the first part of trilogy about the life of a young factory worker named Maxim.
The Tito–Stalin Split, or Yugoslav–Soviet Split, was a conflict between the leaders of SFR Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, which resulted in Yugoslavia's expulsion from the Communist Information Bureau (Cominform) in 1948.
Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.
Vasily Vasilievich Golubev (Го́лубев Васи́лий Васи́льевич; 15 June 1925 in Medvezhje, Yaroslavl Province, USSR – 31 August 1985 in Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet, Russian painter.
Victor Mikhailovich Oreshnikov (Виктор Михайлович Орешников) (January 7 (O.S. January 20), 1904, Perm – March 15, 1987, Leningrad) was a Soviet Russian painter, People's Artist of the USSR, active member of the Soviet Academy of Arts (1954–1987), Stalin Prize winner, rector of Repin Institute of Arts (1953–1978).
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
Vkhutemas (p, acronym for Высшие художественно-технические мастерские Vysshiye Khudozhestvenno-Tekhnicheskiye Masterskiye "Higher Art and Technical Studios") was the Russian state art and technical school founded in 1920 in Moscow, replacing the Moscow Svomas.
Vladimir Alexandrovich Gorb (Влади́мир Алекса́ндрович Го́рб; December 31, 1903, Odessa, Russian Empire – October 20, 1988, Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet Russian painter, graphic artist, and art teacher.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Vladimir Ivanovich Ovchinnikov (Влади́мир Ива́нович Овчи́нников; July 14, 1911, Saratov, Russian Empire – June 22, 1978, Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet, Russian painter, lived and worked in Leningrad, member of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation, regarded by art historian Sergei Ivanov as one of the leading representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most famous for his landscape paintings.
Waldo David Frank (1889-1967) was an American novelist, historian, political activist, and literary critic, who wrote extensively for The New Yorker and The New Republic during the 1920s and 1930s.
Whirlwinds of Danger (original Polish title: Warszawianka) is a Polish socialist revolutionary song written some time between 1879 and 1883.
Working-class culture is a range of cultures created by or popular among working-class people.
Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev (Ю́рий Миха́йлович Непри́нцев; August 15, 1909, Tbilisi, Georgia – October 20, 1996, Saint Petersburg, Russia) was a Soviet, later Russian, painter, graphic artist, art teacher, professor of the Repin Institute of Arts, People's Artist of USSR, and a member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR.
Yuri Nilovich Tulin (Ю́рий Ни́лович Ту́лин; August 14, 1921, Maksatikha village, Tver Province, Soviet Russia – April 27, 1988, Leningrad, USSR) -was a Soviet Russian painter and Honored Artist of the Russian Federation.
Yuriy Igorevich Pimenov (Юрий Игорьевич Пименов, born 29 March 1958) is a retired Russian rower who mostly competed in the coxless pairs, rowing with his twin brother Nikolay.
Yury Krymov (Ю́рий Кры́мов) is the pen name of Soviet novelist Yury Solomonovich Beklemishev (Ю́рий Соломо́нович Беклеми́шев; 19 January 1908 – 20 September 1941).
The Zhdanov Doctrine (also called Zhdanovism or Zhdanovshchina; доктрина Жданова, ждановизм, ждановщина) was a Soviet cultural doctrine developed by Central Committee secretary Andrei Zhdanov in 1946.
The 1st annual Cannes Film Festival was held from 20 September to 5 October 1946.
The 7th Cannes Film Festival was held from 25 March to 9 April 1954.
Soc-Realism, Socialist Art, Socialist Realism, Socialist Realist, Socialist artist, Socialist artists, Socialist artwork, Socialist artworks, Socialist literature, Socialist realist, Socialist-realism, Socialistic realism, Socrealism, Sorela, Soviet Realism, Soviet realism, Stalinist Art.