62 relations: Acceptable daily intake, Acetic acid, Ammonia, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Bacteriostatic agent, Benzene, Benzoic acid, Benzoyl-CoA, Bilberry, British Pharmacopoeia, Butyrate—CoA ligase, Carbonic acid, Carcinogen, Cat, Chemical formula, Citric acid, Condiment, Cranberry, E number, European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs, European Pharmacopoeia, Fermentation in food processing, Fireworks, Food and Drug Administration, Food Chemicals Codex, Food coloring, Food preservation, Food Standards Agency, Fungistatics, Generally recognized as safe, Glucose, Glycine, Glycine N-acyltransferase, Hippuric acid, Hyperammonemia, Intracellular pH, Japanese Pharmacopoeia, List of investigational antipsychotics, Mouse, Oxygen, Partial oxidation, Phosphofructokinase, Pickling, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Potassium benzoate, Potassium sorbate, Pyridine, Rat, Salt (chemistry), Schizophrenia, ..., Sigma-Aldrich, Sodium hydroxide, Therapeutic Goods Administration, Toluene, United Kingdom, United States Pharmacopeia, University of Southampton, Urea, Urea cycle, Vitamin C, Whistle mix, World Health Organization. Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
Acceptable daily intake or ADI is a measure of the amount of a specific substance (originally applied for a food additive, later also for a residue of a veterinary drug or pesticide) in food or drinking water that can be ingested (orally) on a daily basis over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.
A bacteriostatic agent or bacteriostat, abbreviated Bstatic, is a biological or chemical agent that stops bacteria from reproducing, while not necessarily killing them otherwise.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
Benzoyl-CoA is a molecule implied in the activity of the different enzymes 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase, benzoyl-CoA reductase, benzoyl-CoA 3-monooxygenase, benzoate-CoA ligase, 2alpha-hydroxytaxane 2-O-benzoyltransferase, anthranilate N-benzoyltransferase, biphenyl synthase, glycine N-benzoyltransferase, ornithine N-benzoyltransferase and phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase (acylating).
Bilberries are any of several primarily Eurasian species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium (family Ericaceae), bearing edible, nearly black berries.
The British Pharmacopoeia (BP) is the national pharmacopoeia of the United Kingdom.
Butyrate—CoA ligase, also known as xenobiotic/medium-chain fatty acid-ligase (XM-ligase), is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction: The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, carboxylic acid, and CoA, whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and acyl-CoA.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
A condiment is a spice, sauce, or preparation that is added to food to impart a particular flavor, to enhance its flavor, or in some cultures, to complement the dish.
Cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the subgenus Oxycoccus of the genus Vaccinium.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
The Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO) is a committee of the European Parliament dealing with institutional matters such as the Treaties of the European Union and the Parliament's rules of procedure.
The European Pharmacopoeia (Pharmacopoeia Europaea, Ph. Eur.) is a major regional pharmacopoeia which provides common quality standards throughout the pharmaceutical industry in Europe to control the quality of medicines, and the substances used to manufacture them.
Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.
Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) is a collection of internationally recognized standards for the purity and identity of food ingredients.
Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
Fungistatics are anti-fungal agents that inhibit the growth of fungus (without killing the fungus).
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycine (symbol Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain.
In enzymology, a glycine N-acyltransferase (GLYAT), also known as acyl-CoA:glycine N-acyltransferase (ACGNAT), is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acyl-CoA and glycine, whereas its two products are CoA and N-acylglycine.
Hippuric acid (Gr. hippos, horse, ouron, urine) is a carboxylic acid found in the urine of horses and other herbivores.
Hyperammonemia (or hyperammonaemia) is a metabolic disturbance characterised by an excess of ammonia in the blood.
Intracellular pH an intracellular fluid whose pH value is known as the intracellular pH (pHi).
The is the official Pharmacopoeia of Japan.
This is a list of investigational antipsychotics, or antipsychotics that are currently under development for clinical use but are not yet approved.
A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Partial oxidation (POX) is a type of chemical reaction.
Phosphofructokinase is a kinase enzyme that phosphorylates fructose 6-phosphate in glycolysis.
Pickling is the process of preserving or expanding the lifespan of food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar.
The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) is a medical scale used for measuring symptom severity of patients with schizophrenia.
Potassium benzoate (E212), the potassium salt of benzoic acid, is a food preservative that inhibits the growth of mold, yeast and some bacteria.
Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid, chemical formula CH3CH.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Sigma-Aldrich Corporation is an American chemical, life science and biotechnology company owned by Merck KGaA.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is the regulatory body for therapeutic goods (including medicines, medical devices, gene technology, and blood products) in Australia.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is a pharmacopeia (compendium of drug information) for the United States published annually by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (usually also called the USP), a nonprofit organization that owns the trademark and copyright.
The University of Southampton (abbreviated as Soton in post-nominal letters) is a research university located in Southampton, England.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
The urea cycle (also known as the ornithine cycle) is a cycle of biochemical reactions that produces urea ((NH2)2CO) from ammonia (NH3).
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Whistle mix is a general term to refer to any pyrotechnic composition that emits a whistling sound when pressed into a tube and ignited.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.