113 relations: Acetate, Acetone, Acta Crystallographica, Alcohol, Alginic acid, Alkali, Ammonia, Ammonium bicarbonate, Ammonium chloride, Aquarium, Atom economy, Barilla, Base (chemistry), Belgium, Benzonitrile, Bright spots on Ceres, Brine, Caesium carbonate, Calcium carbonate, Calcium chloride, Calcium hydroxide, Calcium oxide, Calcium sulfide, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon disulfide, Carbonates on Mars, Carbonic acid, Chemical equation, Chlorine, Citric acid, Common ion effect, Copper(II) carbonate, Crystal, Dyeing, Efflorescence, Electrolyte, Electrolytic cell, Enthalpy, Ernest Solvay, Flux (metallurgy), Fucus, German cuisine, Glass, Glasswort, Glycerol, Green River, Wyoming, Haber process, Halophyte, Hou Debang, ..., Hydrate, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen, Hydrogen chloride, Hygroscopy, Iron(II) carbonate, Iron(III) oxide, Kelp, Kola Peninsula, Lake Magadi, Lead carbonate, Leblanc process, Limescale, Limestone, Liquid–liquid extraction, Lithium carbonate, Lye, Martian soil, Methane, Mohs scale of mineral hardness, Monoclinic crystal system, Mooncake, Mummy, Natron, New York City, Nicolas Leblanc, Nitrogen, Ol Doinyo Lengai, Orthorhombic crystal system, Pegmatite, PH, Photographic developer, Potash, Potassium carbonate, Ramen, Residual sodium carbonate index, Rubidium carbonate, Salsola soda, Salt (chemistry), Saltwort, Sherbet (powder), Silicon dioxide, Smithsonite, Snuff (tobacco), Snus, Soda–lime glass, Sodium, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium chloride, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium percarbonate, Sodium sesquicarbonate, Sodium sulfate, Solvay process, Steam reforming, Sulfuric acid, Swimming pool, Taxidermy, Thermonatrite, Titration, Trona, Water, Water softening. Expand index (63 more) » « Shrink index
An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Acta Crystallographica is a series of peer-reviewed scientific journals, with articles centred on crystallography, published by the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr).
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alginic acid, also called algin or alginate, is a polysaccharide distributed widely in the cell walls of brown algae, where through binding with water it forms a viscous gum.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Ammonium bicarbonate is an inorganic compound with formula (NH4)HCO3, simplified to NH5CO3.
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
Atom economy (atom efficiency) is the conversion efficiency of a chemical process in terms of all atoms involved and the desired products produced.
Barilla refers to several species of salt-tolerant (halophyte) plants that, until the 19th Century, were the primary source of soda ash and hence of sodium carbonate.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Benzonitrile is the chemical compound with the formula, abbreviated PhCN.
Several bright surface features (also known as faculae) were discovered on the dwarf planet Ceres by the ''Dawn'' spacecraft in 2015.
Brine is a high-concentration solution of salt (usually sodium chloride) in water.
Caesium carbonate or cesium carbonate is a white crystalline solid compound.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.
Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.
Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound.
Calcium sulfide is the chemical compound with the formula CaS.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon disulfide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2.
Head (vessel) Evidence for carbonates on Mars was first discovered in 2008.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
A chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction in the form of symbols and formulae, wherein the reactant entities are given on the left-hand side and the product entities on the right-hand side.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
The common ion effect states that in a chemical solution, if the concentration of any one of the ions is increased, then, some of the ions in excess should be removed from solution, by combining with the oppositely charged ions.
Copper(II) carbonate or cupric carbonate is a chemical compound with formula.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics.
In chemistry, efflorescence (which means "to flower out" in French) is the migration of a salt to the surface of a porous material, where it forms a coating.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
An electrolytic cell is an electrochemical cell that drives a non-spontaneous redox reaction through the application of electrical energy.
Enthalpy is a property of a thermodynamic system.
Ernest Gaston Joseph Solvay (16 April 1838 – 26 May 1922) was a Belgian chemist, industrialist and philanthropist.
In metallurgy, a flux (derived from Latin fluxus meaning “flow”) is a chemical cleaning agent, flowing agent, or purifying agent.
Fucus is a genus of brown algae found in the intertidal zones of rocky seashores almost throughout the world.
The cuisine of Germany has evolved as a national cuisine through centuries of social and political change with variations from region to region.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
The common name glasswort came into use in the 16th century to describe plants growing in England whose ashes could be used for making soda-based (as opposed to potash-based) glass.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
Green River is a city in and the county seat of Sweetwater County, Wyoming, United States, in the southwestern part of the state.
The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, is an artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.
A halophyte is a plant that grows in waters of high salinity, coming into contact with saline water through its roots or by salt spray, such as in saline semi-deserts, mangrove swamps, marshes and sloughs and seashores.
Hou Debang (9 August 1890 – 26 August 1974), also known as Hou Qirong (侯启荣), was a Chinese chemist and chemical engineer.
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
iron(II) carbonate, or ferrous carbonate, is a chemical compound with formula, that occurs naturally as the mineral siderite.
Iron(III) oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3.
Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales.
The Kola Peninsula (Ко́льский полуо́стров, Kolsky poluostrov; from Куэлнэгк нёаррк, Kuelnegk njoarrk; Guoládatnjárga; Kuolan niemimaa; Kolahalvøya) is a peninsula in the far northwest of Russia.
Lake Magadi is the southernmost lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley, lying in a catchment of faulted volcanic rocks, north of Tanzania's Lake Natron.
Lead(II) carbonate is the chemical compound PbCO3.
The Leblanc process was an early industrial process for the production of soda ash (sodium carbonate) used throughout the 19th century, named after its inventor, Nicolas Leblanc.
Limescale is the hard, off-white, chalky deposit found in kettles, hot-water boilers and the inside of inadequately maintained hot-water central heating systems.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds or metal complexes, based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water (polar) and an organic solvent (non-polar).
A lye is a metal hydroxide traditionally obtained by leaching ashes (containing largely potassium carbonate or "potash"), or a strong alkali which is highly soluble in water producing caustic basic solutions.
Martian soil is the fine regolith found on the surface of Mars.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
The Mohs scale of mineral hardness is a qualitative ordinal scale characterizing scratch resistance of various minerals through the ability of harder material to scratch softer material.
In crystallography, the monoclinic crystal system is one of the 7 crystal systems.
A mooncake (Yale: yuht béng) is a Chinese bakery product traditionally eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival (中秋節).
A mummy is a deceased human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions.
Natron is a naturally occurring mixture of sodium carbonate decahydrate (Na2CO3·10H2O, a kind of soda ash) and around 17% sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda, NaHCO3) along with small quantities of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicolas Leblanc (6 December 1742 – 16 January 1806) was a French chemist and surgeon who discovered how to manufacture soda ash from common salt.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Ol Doinyo Lengai, "Mountain of God" in the Maasai language, is an active volcano located in the Gregory Rift, south of Lake Natron within the Arusha Region of Tanzania, Africa.
In crystallography, the orthorhombic crystal system is one of the 7 crystal systems.
A pegmatite is a holocrystalline, intrusive igneous rock composed of interlocking phaneritic crystals usually larger than 2.5 cm in size (1 in); such rocks are referred to as pegmatitic.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
In the processing of photographic films, plates or papers, the photographic developer (or just developer) is one or more chemicals that convert the latent image to a visible image.
Potash is some of various mined and manufactured salts that contain potassium in water-soluble form.
Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, which is soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol) and forms a strongly alkaline solution.
is a Japanese dish.
The residual sodium carbonate (RSC) index of irrigation water or soil water is used to indicate the alkalinity hazard for soil.
Rubidium carbonate, Rb2CO3, is a convenient compound of rubidium; it is stable, not particularly reactive, and readily soluble in water, and is the form in which rubidium is usually sold.
Salsola soda, more commonly known in English as opposite-leaved saltwort, oppositeleaf Russian thistle, or barilla plant, is a small (to 0.7 m tall), annual, succulent shrub that is native to the Mediterranean Basin.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Saltwort is a common name for various genera of flowering plants that thrive in salty environments, typically in coastal salt marshes and seashores, including: The ashes of these plants yield soda ash, which is an important ingredient for glassmaking and soapmaking.
Sherbet is a fizzy powder sweet, usually eaten by dipping a lollipop or liquorice, or licking it on a finger.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Smithsonite, or zinc spar, is zinc carbonate (ZnCO3), a mineral ore of zinc.
Snuff is a smokeless tobacco made from ground or pulverised tobacco leaves.
Snus is a moist powder tobacco product originating from a variant of dry snuff in early 18th-century Sweden.
Soda–lime glass, also called soda–lime–silica glass, is the most prevalent type of glass, used for windowpanes and glass containers (bottles and jars) for beverages, food, and some commodity items.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sodium percarbonate is a chemical substance with formula.
Sodium sesquicarbonate (Systematic name trisodium hydrogendicarbonate) Na3H(CO3)2 is a double salt of sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate, and has a needle-like crystal structure.
Sodium sulfate, also known as sulfate of soda, is the inorganic compound with formula Na2SO4 as well as several related hydrates.
The Solvay process or ammonia-soda process is the major industrial process for the production of sodium carbonate (soda ash, Na2CO3).
Steam reforming is a method for producing hydrogen, carbon monoxide, or other useful products from hydrocarbon fuels such as natural gas.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or paddling pool is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities.
Taxidermy is the preserving of an animal's body via stuffing and mounting for the purpose of display or study.
Thermonatrite is a naturally occurring evaporite mineral form of sodium carbonate, Na2CO3·H2O.
Titration, also known as titrimetry, is a common laboratory method of quantitative chemical analysis that is used to determine the concentration of an identified analyte.
Trona (trisodium hydrogendicarbonate dihydrate, also sodium sesquicarbonate dihydrate, Na2CO3•NaHCO3•2H2O) is a non-marine evaporite mineral.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Water softening is the removal of calcium, magnesium, and certain other metal cations in hard water.
Anhydrous sodium carbonate, CNa2O3, Calcined soda, Crystal carbonate, E500i, Fossil alkali, Kelping, Metahydrate sodium carbonate, Na2CO2, Na2CO3, Na2co3, Natrium carbonate, Sal soda, Soda (sodium carbonate), Soda Ash, Soda ash, Soda crystals, Sodium Carbonate, Washing soda.