133 relations: Acacia, Aconitase, Activated carbon, Aerobic organism, Africa, Amphibian, Animal Health Board (New Zealand), Animal testing, Anticonvulsant, Antidote, Archey's frog, Australia, Ōkārito Lagoon, Bacteria, Bird, Blue duck, Bluegill, Bradycardia, Brain, Brazil, Carboxylic acid, Cat, Chemical compound, Citrate synthase, Citric acid cycle, Coenzyme A, Coma, Common brushtail possum, Consciousness, Coyote, Daphnia magna, Deer, Department of Conservation (New Zealand), Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia), Dichapetalum cymosum, Dog, Electrocardiography, Endemism, Enzyme, Fabaceae, Farmer, Federated Farmers, Fetus, Fluoroacetic acid, Fluorocitric acid, Fox, Fusarium solani, Gastrolobium, Gastrolobium grandiflorum, Genetic engineering, ..., Glycolysis, Gompholobium, Gonad, Haloacetate dehalogenase, Heart, Heart arrhythmia, Herbivore, Hobart, Hochstetter's frog, Human, Hypotension, Immunity (medical), Invasive species in Australia, Israel, Japan, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Kangaroo Island, Kākāriki, Kea, Kiwi, Korea, Lung, Mammal, Mechanical ventilation, Median lethal dose, Mexico, Ministry of Health (New Zealand), Monkey, Muscle relaxant, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Natural selection, New Zealand, New Zealand falcon, New Zealand Food Safety Authority, New Zealand kaka, New Zealand pigeon, North Island robin, Organofluorine chemistry, Otago Daily Times, Oxylobium, Paranephrops, Pastoral farming, Pest (organism), Pesticide, Phosphofructokinase 1, Plant, Plant defense against herbivory, Potassium fluoride, Powelliphanta, Predation, Pseudomonas, Queensland, Rabbit, Rainbow trout, Rat, Red fox, Red-necked wallaby, Reptile, Rodenticide, Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand, Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Salt (chemistry), Sierra Leone, Sodium chloride, South Island robin, Southport, Stoat, Subspecies, Symptom, Tachycardia, Tammar wallaby, Tasmania, Tasmanian devil, The Southland Times, Tomtit, Trifluoroacetic acid, United States, Vomiting, Western Australia, Western Shield, Weta, Yellowhead (bird), 4'-Aminopropiophenone. Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.
Aconitase (aconitate hydratase) is an enzyme that catalyses the stereo-specific isomerization of citrate to isocitrate via cis-aconitate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, a non-redox-active process.
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
An aerobic organism or aerobe is an organism that can survive and grow in an oxygenated environment.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
The Animal Health Board (AHB) was the organisation legally responsible for managing and implementing the National Pest Management Plan (NPMP) for bovine tuberculosis (bovine TB) in New Zealand until it was disbanded on 1 July 2013.
Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.
Anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs or as antiseizure drugs) are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures.
An antidote is a substance which can counteract a form of poisoning.
Archey's frog, Leiopelma archeyi, is an archaic, rare frog native to New Zealand, one of only three (or four) extant species belonging to the taxonomic family Leiopelmatidae.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Ōkārito Lagoon (commonly also spelled "Okarito") is a coastal lagoon on the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
The blue duck (Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae endemic to New Zealand.
The bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) is a species of freshwater fish sometimes referred to as bream, brim, or copper nose.
Bradycardia is a condition wherein an individual has a very slow heart rate, typically defined as a resting heart rate of under 60 beats per minute (BPM) in adults.
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
The enzyme citrate synthase E.C. 188.8.131.52 (previously 184.108.40.206) exists in nearly all living cells and stands as a pace-making enzyme in the first step of the citric acid cycle (or Krebs cycle).
The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Coenzyme A (CoA,SCoA,CoASH) is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle.
Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awaken; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.
The common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula, from the Greek for "furry tailed" and the Latin for "little fox", previously in the genus Phalangista) is a nocturnal, semi-arboreal marsupial of the family Phalangeridae, it is native to Australia, and the second largest of the possums.
Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.
Daphnia magna is a small planktonic crustacean (adult length 1.5–5 mm) that belongs to the subclass Phyllopoda.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
The Department of Conservation (DOC) (Māori: Te Papa Atawhai) is the public service department of New Zealand charged with the conservation of New Zealand's natural and historical heritage.
The Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) was a department of the Government of Western Australia that was responsible for implementing the state's conservation and environment legislation and regulations.
Dichapetalum cymosum, commonly known as gifblaar from Afrikaans, or occasionally its English translation, poison leaf, is a small prostrate shrub occurring in the northern parts of Southern Africa.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, Article 18.5 states: "The following names, of long usage, are treated as validly published:....Leguminosae (nom. alt.: Fabaceae; type: Faba Mill.);...
A farmer (also called an agriculturer) is a person engaged in agriculture, raising living organisms for food or raw materials.
Federated Farmers of New Zealand Incorporated is an organisation in New Zealand which lobbies on behalf of its member farmers.
A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms.
Fluoroacetic acid is a chemical compound with formula CH2FCOOH.
Fluorocitric acid is a fluorinated carboxylic acid derived from citric acid by substitution of one hydrogen by a fluorine atom.
Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.
Fusarium solani is a species complex of at least 26 closely related filamentous fungi in the division Ascomycota, family Nectriaceae.
Gastrolobium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae.
Gastrolobium grandiflorum, commonly known as wallflower poison, wallflower poison bush or heart-leaf poison bush, is a bushy shrub which is endemic to Australia.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.
Gompholobium, commonly known as glory peas or wedge-peas, is a genus of plants in the pea family, Fabaceae and is endemic to Australia.
A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism.
In enzymology, a haloacetate dehalogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are haloacetate and H2O, whereas its two products are glycolate and halide.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Heart arrhythmia (also known as arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat) is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.
Hobart is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania.
Hochstetter's frog or Hochstetter's New Zealand frog (Leiopelma hochstetteri) is a primitive frog native to New Zealand, one of only four extant species belonging to the taxonomic family Leiopelmatidae.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
In biology, immunity is the balanced state of multicellular organisms having adequate biological defenses to fight infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases.
Invasive species are a serious threat to the native biodiversity of Australia and are an ongoing cost to Australian agriculture.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
Kangaroo Island is Australia's third-largest island, after Tasmania and Melville Island.
The three species of kākāriki or New Zealand parakeets are the most common species of parakeets in the genus Cyanoramphus, family Psittacidae.
The kea (Nestor notabilis) is a large species of parrot in the family Nestoridae found in forested and alpine regions of the South Island of New Zealand.
Kiwi or kiwis are flightless birds native to New Zealand, in the genus Apteryx and family Apterygidae.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Mechanical ventilation is the medical term for artificial ventilation where mechanical means is used to assist or replace spontaneous breathing. This may involve a machine called a ventilator or the breathing may be assisted by an anesthesiologist, certified registered nurse anesthetist, physician, physician assistant, respiratory therapist, paramedic, EMT, or other suitable person compressing a bag or set of bellows. Mechanical ventilation is termed "invasive" if it involves any instrument penetrating the trachea through the mouth, such as an endotracheal tube or the skin, such as a tracheostomy tube. There are two main types: positive pressure ventilation, where air (or another gas mix) is pushed into the trachea, and negative pressure ventilation, where air is, in essence, sucked into the lungs. There are many modes of mechanical ventilation, and their nomenclature has been revised over the decades as the technology has continually developed.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
The Ministry of Health (Māori: Manatū Hauora) is the public service department of New Zealand responsible for healthcare in New Zealand.
Monkeys are non-hominoid simians, generally possessing tails and consisting of about 260 known living species.
A muscle relaxant is a drug that affects skeletal muscle function and decreases the muscle tone.
The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research or NIWA (Māori: Taihoro Nukurangi), is a Crown Research Institute of New Zealand.
Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The New Zealand falcon or kārearea (Falco novaeseelandiae) is New Zealand's only falcon and the only remaining diurnal bird of prey endemic to New Zealand.
The New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA), or Te Pou Oranga Kai O Aotearoa, was the New Zealand government body responsible for food safety.
The New Zealand kaka (Maori: kākā), (Nestor meridionalis) is a large species of parrot of the family Nestoridae found in native forests of New Zealand.
The New Zealand pigeon or kereru (Maori: kererū; Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae) is a bird endemic to New Zealand.
The North Island robin (Petroica longipes) is a species of Australasian robin endemic to the North Island of New Zealand.
Organofluorine chemistry describes the chemistry of the organofluorines, organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond.
The Otago Daily Times (ODT) is a newspaper published by Allied Press Ltd in Dunedin, New Zealand.
Oxylobium, also known as Shaggy Pea, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae.
Paranephrops is a genus of freshwater crayfish found only in New Zealand.
Pastoral farming (also known in some regions as ranching, livestock farming or grazing) is a form of agriculture aimed at producing livestock, rather than growing crops.
A pest is a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns including crops, livestock, and forestry.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1) is one of the most important regulatory enzymes of glycolysis.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Plant defense against herbivory or host-plant resistance (HPR) describes a range of adaptations evolved by plants which improve their survival and reproduction by reducing the impact of herbivores.
Potassium fluoride is the chemical compound with the formula KF.
Powelliphanta is a genus of large, air-breathing land snails, pulmonate gastropods in the family Rhytididae, found only in New Zealand.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Pseudomonas is a genus of Gram-negative, Gammaproteobacteria, belonging to the family Pseudomonadaceae and containing 191 validly described species.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika).
The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a trout and species of salmonid native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America.
Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.
The red-necked wallaby or Bennett's wallaby (Macropus rufogriseus) is a medium-sized macropod marsupial (wallaby), common in the more temperate and fertile parts of eastern Australia, including Tasmania.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
Rodenticides, colloquially rat poison, are typically non-specific pest control chemicals made and sold for the purpose of killing rodents.
Forest & Bird, also known by its formal name as the Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand Inc., is an environmental organisation specialising in the protection and conservation of New Zealand's indigenous flora and fauna and unique wild places and natural ecosysems.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) is a charity operating in England and Wales that promotes animal welfare.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
The South Island robin (Petroica australis), is a sparrow-sized bird found only in New Zealand, where it has the status of a protected endemic species.
Southport is a large seaside town in Merseyside, England.
The stoat (Mustela erminea), also known as the short-tailed weasel or simply the weasel in Ireland where the least weasel does not occur, is a mammal of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae native to Eurasia and North America, distinguished from the least weasel by its larger size and longer tail with a prominent black tip.
In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
Tachycardia, also called tachyarrhythmia, is a heart rate that exceeds the normal resting rate.
The tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii), also known as the dama wallaby or darma wallaby, is a small macropod native to South and Western Australia.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is a carnivorous marsupial of the family Dasyuridae.
The Southland Times is the regional daily paper for Southland, including Invercargill, and neighbouring parts of Otago, in New Zealand.
The tomtit (Petroica macrocephala) is a small passerine bird in the family Petroicidae, the Australian robins.
Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) is an organofluorine compound with the chemical formula CF3CO2H.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
For the Libyan armed group, see: Libya Shield Force Western Shield, managed by Western Australia's Department of Parks and Wildlife, is a nature conservation program safeguarding Western Australia's animals and protecting them from extinction.
Weta is the common name for a group of about 70 insect species in the families Anostostomatidae and Rhaphidophoridae, endemic to New Zealand.
The yellowhead or mohua (Maori: mōhua; Mohoua ochrocephala) is a small insectivorous, passerine bird endemic to the South Island of New Zealand.
4'-Aminopropiophenone (para-aminopropiophenone or PAPP) is a chemical compound.