75 relations: Acetamide, Acetone, Acetonitrile, Activator (phosphor), Ammonia, Bravais lattice, Caesium iodide, Chemical formula, Chemical reaction, Chemical Reviews, Chemische Berichte, Crystal growth, Crystallite, David Van Nostrand, Dichloromethane, Dimethylformamide, Drugs.com, Finkelstein reaction, Formamide, Formic acid, Gamma spectroscopy, Gamma-ray burst, Geophysics, Hermetic seal, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Hygroscopy, Hyperthyroidism, International Chemical Safety Cards, Iodide, Iodine, Iodine deficiency, Iodine-125, Iodine-131, Ion, Ionic compound, Ionizing radiation, Isotopic labeling, Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions, Lithium iodide, Methanol, Nuclear medicine, Nuclear physics, Octahedron, Organic chemistry, Organochloride, Organoiodine compound, Parts-per notation, Photomultiplier, Photon, Potassium iodide, ..., Properties of water, Radiation hardening, Radiopharmaceutical, Rubidium iodide, Saint Gobain, Saint-Gobain, Salt (chemistry), Scintillation (physics), Scintillation counter, Scintillator, Single crystal, Sodium, Sodium bromide, Sodium chloride, Sodium fluoride, Sodium hydroxide, Solid, Sulfur dioxide, Teratology, Thallium, Thyroid cancer, Transparency and translucency, Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, X-ray. Expand index (25 more) » « Shrink index
Acetamide (systematic name: ethanamide) is an organic compound with the formula CH3CONH2.
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Acetonitrile is the chemical compound with the formula.
In phosphors and scintillators, the activator is the element added as dopant to the crystal of the material to create desired type of nonhomogeneities.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
In geometry and crystallography, a Bravais lattice, named after, is an infinite array of discrete points in three dimensional space generated by a set of discrete translation operations described by: where ni are any integers and ai are known as the primitive vectors which lie in different directions and span the lattice.
Caesium iodide or cesium iodide (chemical formula CsI) is the ionic compound of caesium and iodine.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemical Reviews is peer-reviewed scientific journal published twice per month by the American Chemical Society.
Chemische Berichte (usually abbreviated as Ber. or Chem. Ber.) was a German-language scientific journal of all disciplines of chemistry founded in 1868.
Crystal growth is the process where a pre-existing crystal becomes larger as more molecules or ions add in their positions in the crystal lattice.
A crystallite is a small or even microscopic crystal which forms, for example, during the cooling of many materials.
David Van Nostrand (December 5, 1811, New York City – June 14, 1886, New York City) was a New York City publisher.
Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.
Dimethylformamide is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2NC(O)H.
Drugs.com is an online pharmaceutical encyclopedia which provides drug information for consumers and healthcare professionals, primarily in the USA.
The Finkelstein reaction (often referred to as a halex reaction or halogen exchange) named after the German chemist Hans Finkelstein, is an SN2 reaction (Substitution Nucleophilic Bimolecular reaction) that involves the exchange of one halogen atom for another.
Formamide, also known as methanamide, is an amide derived from formic acid.
Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.
Gamma-ray spectroscopy is the quantitative study of the energy spectra of gamma-ray sources, in such as the nuclear industry, geochemical investigation, and astrophysics.
In gamma-ray astronomy, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are extremely energetic explosions that have been observed in distant galaxies.
Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.
A hermetic seal is any type of sealing that makes a given object airtight (excludes the passage of air, oxygen, or other gases).
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.
International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) are data sheets intended to provide essential safety and health information on chemicals in a clear and concise way.
An iodide ion is the ion I−.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
Iodine deficiency is a lack of the trace element iodine, an essential nutrient in the diet.
Iodine-125 (125I) is a radioisotope of iodine which has uses in biological assays, nuclear medicine imaging and in radiation therapy as brachytherapy to treat a number of conditions, including prostate cancer, uveal melanomas, and brain tumors.
Iodine-131 (131I) is an important radioisotope of iodine discovered by Glenn Seaborg and John Livingood in 1938 at the University of California, Berkeley.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Isotopic labeling (or isotopic labelling) is a technique used to track the passage of an isotope (an atom with a detectable variation) through a reaction, metabolic pathway, or cell.
The Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions was a peer-reviewed scientific journal published from 1905 until 1998.
Lithium iodide, or LiI, is a compound of lithium and iodine.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions.
In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
Organoiodine compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more carbon–iodine bonds.
In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.
Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
Potassium iodide is a chemical compound, medication, and dietary supplement.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
Radiation hardening is the act of making electronic components and systems resistant to damage or malfunctions caused by ionizing radiation (particle radiation and high-energy electromagnetic radiation), such as those encountered in outer space and high-altitude flight, around nuclear reactors and particle accelerators, or during nuclear accidents or nuclear warfare.
Radiopharmaceuticals, or medicinal radiocompounds, are a group of pharmaceutical drugs which have radioactivity.
Rubidium iodide is a salt with a melting point of 642 °C.
Saint Gobain (died 670), also known as Goban, was an Irish monk and spiritual student of Saint Fursey at Burgh Castle, Norfolk, England.
Saint-Gobain S.A. is a French multinational corporation, founded in 1665 in Paris and headquartered on the outskirts of Paris, at La Défense and in Courbevoie.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Scintillation is a flash of light produced in a transparent material by the passage of a particle (an electron, an alpha particle, an ion, or a high-energy photon).
A scintillation counter is an instrument for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation by using the excitation effect of incident radiation on a scintillator material, and detecting the resultant light pulses.
A scintillator is a material that exhibits scintillation—the property of luminescence, when excited by ionizing radiation.
A single crystal or monocrystalline solid is a material in which the crystal lattice of the entire sample is continuous and unbroken to the edges of the sample, with no grain boundaries.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium bromide is an inorganic compound with the formula NaBr.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sodium fluoride (NaF) is an inorganic compound with the formula NaF.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
Thallium is a chemical element with symbol Tl and atomic number 81.
Thyroid cancer is cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland.
In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.
Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry is a reference work related to industrial chemistry published in English and German.
Wiley-VCH is a German publisher owned by John Wiley & Sons.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.