32 relations: Adduct, Aldehyde, Ammonia, Chemical formula, Chlorine, Dried fruit, Dye, Efflorescence, Extraction of petroleum, Flue-gas desulfurization, Food preservation, Froth flotation, Glycerol, Halogen, Ketone, Photography, Potassium sulfite, Preservative, Pulp and paper industry, Salt (chemistry), Sodium, Sodium bisulfite, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium metabisulfite, Sodium selenite, Sodium sulfate, Sodium thiosulfate, Sulfite, Sulfonic acid, Sulfur dioxide, Sulfurous acid, TNT.
An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward" alternatively, a contraction of "addition product") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Dried fruit is fruit from which the majority of the original water content has been removed either naturally, through sun drying, or through the use of specialized dryers or dehydrators.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
In chemistry, efflorescence (which means "to flower out" in French) is the migration of a salt to the surface of a porous material, where it forms a coating.
The extraction of petroleum is the process by which usable petroleum is drawn out from beneath the earth's surface location.
Flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) is a set of technologies used to remove sulfur dioxide from exhaust flue gases of fossil-fuel power plants, and from the emissions of other sulfur oxide emitting processes (e.g trash incineration).
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
Froth flotation is a process for selectively separating hydrophobic materials from hydrophilic.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
Potassium sulfite (K2SO3) is a chemical compound which is the salt of potassium cation and sulfite anion.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, paperboard and other cellulose-based products.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium bisulfite (or sodium bisulphite) (sodium hydrogen sulfite) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaHSO3.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sodium metabisulfite or sodium pyrosulfite (IUPAC spelling; Br. E. sodium metabisulphite or sodium pyrosulphite) is an inorganic compound of chemical formula Na2S2O5.
Sodium selenite is the inorganic compound with the formula Na2SeO3.
Sodium sulfate, also known as sulfate of soda, is the inorganic compound with formula Na2SO4 as well as several related hydrates.
Sodium thiosulfate (sodium thiosulphate) is a chemical and medication.
Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.
A sulfonic acid (or sulphonic acid) refers to a member of the class of organosulfur compounds with the general formula R−S(.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Sulfurous acid (also sulphurous acid) is the chemical compound with the formula H2SO3.
Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.