86 relations: Activated carbon, Adsorption, Alcohol, Alkylation, Analytical chemistry, Antifungal, Bacteria, Bleach, Bromine, Bunte salt, Calciphylaxis, Carbon, Carlin–type gold deposit, Chemical clock, Chemotherapy, Chlorine, Chronic kidney disease, Cisplatin, Copper, Cyanide, Cyanide poisoning, Dermatophytosis, Diethyl ether, Dye, Efflorescence, Extracellular fluid, Extravasation, Gold, Gold cyanidation, Hand warmer, Health system, Heating pad, Hemodialysis, Hydrate, Hydrogen peroxide, Hypochlorite, Inorganic compound, Iodide, Iodine, Iodine clock reaction, Iodometry, Ion, John Herschel, Kidney, Leather, Lixiviant, Metabolic acidosis, Patina, PH, Photographic film, ..., Photographic fixer, Photographic paper, Polysulfide, Reaction rate, Refractory, Renal function, Rhodanese, Shock chlorination, Silver, Silver bromide, Sodium, Sodium aurothiosulfate, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium nitrite, Sodium sulfate, Sodium sulfide, Sodium sulfite, Sodium thiosulfate (medical use), Stoichiometry, Sulfate, Sulfur, Sulfur dioxide, Supercooling, Tanning (leather), Tetrathionate, Thiocyanate, Thioglycolic acid, Thiosulfate, Thiosulfuric acid, Tinea versicolor, Titration, Water, Water of crystallization, Water treatment, WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, Winkler test for dissolved oxygen. Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.
Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.
An antifungal medication, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, and others.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to whiten clothes, lighten hair color and remove stains.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
In organosulfur chemistry, a Bunte salt is an archaic name for functional group with the formula RSSO3–.
Calciphylaxis, also known as calcific uremic arteriolopathy (CUA), is a rare painful syndrome of calcification of the small blood vessels located within the fatty tissue and deeper layers of the skin, blood clots, and the death of skin cells due to too little blood flow.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carlin–type gold deposits are sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposits.
A chemical clock (or clock reaction) is a complex mixture of reacting chemical compounds in which the onset of an observable property occurs after a predictable induction time.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a type of kidney disease in which there is gradual loss of kidney function over a period of months or years.
Cisplatin is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of cancers.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
Cyanide poisoning is poisoning that results from exposure to a number of forms of cyanide.
Dermatophytosis, also known as ringworm, is a fungal infection of the skin.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
In chemistry, efflorescence (which means "to flower out" in French) is the migration of a salt to the surface of a porous material, where it forms a coating.
Extracellular fluid (ECF) denotes all body fluid outside the cells.
Extravasation is the leakage of a fluid out of its container.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Gold cyanidation (also known as the cyanide process or the MacArthur-Forrest process) is a hydrometallurgical technique for extracting gold from low-grade ore by converting the gold to a water-soluble coordination complex.
Hand warmers are small (mostly disposable) packets which are held in the hand and produce heat on demand to warm cold hands.
A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.
A heating pad is a pad used for warming of parts of the body in order to manage pain.
Hemodialysis, also spelled haemodialysis, commonly called kidney dialysis or simply dialysis, is a process of purifying the blood of a person whose kidneys are not working normally.
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
In chemistry, hypochlorite is an ion with the chemical formula ClO−.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
An iodide ion is the ion I−.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
The iodine clock reaction is a classical chemical clock demonstration experiment to display chemical kinetics in action; it was discovered by Hans Heinrich Landolt in 1886.
Iodometry, also known as iodometric titration, is a method of volumetric chemical analysis, a redox titration where the appearance or disappearance of elementary iodine indicates the end point.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
A lixiviant is a liquid medium used in hydrometallurgy to selectively extract the desired metal from the ore or mineral.
Metabolic acidosis is a condition that occurs when the body produces excessive quantities of acid or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body.
Patina is a thin layer that variously forms on the surface of copper, bronze and similar metals (tarnish produced by oxidation or other chemical processes), or certain stones, and wooden furniture (sheen produced by age, wear, and polishing), or any similar acquired change of a surface through age and exposure.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Photographic fixer is a mix of chemicals used in the final step in the photographic processing of film or paper.
Photographic paper is a paper coated with a light-sensitive chemical formula, used for making photographic prints.
Polysulfides are a class of chemical compounds containing chains of sulfur atoms.
The reaction rate or rate of reaction is the speed at which reactants are converted into products.
A refractory mineral is a mineral that is resistant to decomposition by heat, pressure, or chemical attack.
Renal function, in nephrology, is an indication of the kidney's condition and its role in renal physiology.
Rhodanese, also known as rhodanase, thiosulfate sulfurtransferase, thiosulfate cyanide transsulfurase, and thiosulfate thiotransferase, is a mitochondrial enzyme that detoxifies cyanide (CN−) by converting it to thiocyanate (SCN−).
Shock chlorination is a process used in many swimming pools, water wells, springs, and other water sources to reduce the bacterial and algal residue in the water.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Silver bromide (AgBr), a soft, pale-yellow, water-insoluble salt well known (along with other silver halides) for its unusual sensitivity to light.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium aurothiosulfate is the inorganic compound with the formula Na3Au(S2O3)2·2H2O.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sodium nitrite is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaNO2.
Sodium sulfate, also known as sulfate of soda, is the inorganic compound with formula Na2SO4 as well as several related hydrates.
Sodium sulfide is the chemical compound with the formula Na2S, or more commonly its hydrate Na2S·9H2O.
Sodium sulfite (sodium sulphite) is a soluble sodium salt of sulfurous acid (sulfite) with the chemical formula Na2SO3.
Sodium thiosulfate, also spelled sodium thiosulphate, is used as a medication to treat cyanide poisoning, pityriasis versicolor, and to decrease side effects from cisplatin.
Stoichiometry is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Supercooling, also known as undercooling, is the process of lowering the temperature of a liquid or a gas below its freezing point without it becoming a solid.
Tanned leather in Marrakesh Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather.
The tetrathionate anion,, is a sulfur oxoanion derived from the compound tetrathionic acid, H2S4O6.
Thiocyanate (also known as rhodanide) is the anion −. It is the conjugate base of thiocyanic acid.
Thioglycolic acid (TGA) is the organic compound HSCH2CO2H.
Thiosulfate (IUPAC-recommended spelling; sometimes thiosulphate in British English) is an oxyanion of sulfur.
Thiosulfuric acid is a sulfur oxoacid.
Tinea versicolor is a condition characterized by a skin eruption on the trunk and proximal extremities.
Titration, also known as titrimetry, is a common laboratory method of quantitative chemical analysis that is used to determine the concentration of an identified analyte.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
In chemistry, water of crystallization or water of hydration or crystallization water is water molecules that are present inside crystals.
Water treatment is any process that improves the quality of water to make it more acceptable for a specific end-use.
The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML), published by the World Health Organization (WHO), contains the medications considered to be most effective and safe to meet the most important needs in a health system.
The Winkler test is used to determine the concentration of dissolved oxygen in water samples.