240 relations: Acid, Acid erosion, Ade (drink suffix), Advertising, Advocacy group, Africa, Alan Johnson, Alcohol, Alcohol by volume, Alcoholic drink, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Beverage Association, American Heart Association, American Society of Nephrology, Ammonia, Anecdotal evidence, Apothecary, Apple, Arabic, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Australia, Bar, Benjamin Silliman, Benzene, Benzoates, Beverage industry, Birch beer, Blood lipids, Bone density, Bottle, Bottling line, Business ethics, Cadbury, Caffeine, Calcium, Caledonian Road, London, California, Calorie, Canada, Carbohydrate, Carbohydrate metabolism, Carbon dioxide, Carbonated water, Carbonation, Carton, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Centre for Science and Environment, Chalk, Childhood obesity, Cigarette, ..., Codd-neck bottle, Commercial speech, Convenience store, Corn syrup, Cott, Crown cork, Dentistry, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diet drink, Diner, Disposable cup, DNA repair, Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Dram (unit), Drink, Drinking straw, Drinking water, Encyclopædia Britannica, Energy drink, Erasmus Darwin, Erythorbic acid, Ethanol, European Union, Fast food, Fatty acid, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Fizz keeper, Flavor, Food and Drug Administration, Food coloring, Food industry, Food Standards Agency, Freedom of speech, Fructokinase, Fructose, Generic trademark, Geneva, Gin, Gin and tonic, Ginger ale, Ginger beer, Glassblowing, Glucose, Hard soda, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, High-fructose corn syrup, Hiram Codd, Honey, Hyperlocal, Hypertension, Hypokalemia, Ice, Ice cream float, Ice cream parlor, Indian English, Ireland, Islamic Golden Age, Islamic world contributions to Medieval Europe, Islington, Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Jelly bean, Johann Jacob Schweppe, John Matthews (soda water manufacturer), Jones Soda, Joseph Priestley, Juice, Jujube, Kerala, Kidney stone disease, Kool-Aid, Leeds, Lemon, Lemonade, Liquid Candy, List of brand name soft drink products, List of drinks, List of soft drink flavors, List of soft drinks by country, Low-alcohol beer, Malaria, Malnutrition, Malvern water, Marble, Massachusetts, Mentha, Michael Bloomberg, Michael Joseph Owens, Micronutrient, Midwestern United States, Milk, Milwaukee, Mineral water, Mixed drink, Montreal, Movie theater, Musk, Names for soft drinks in the United States, Natural rubber, New Delhi, New Haven, Connecticut, New York City, New Zealand, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Northeastern United States, Northern England, Obesity, Oral hygiene, Osteoporosis, Pacific Northwest, Parts-per notation, Pediatrics (journal), PepsiCo, Pesticide, Phosphorus, Pomegranate, Potassium bitartrate, Premix and postmix, Preservative, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Preventive healthcare, Punch (drink), Quart, Quinine, R. White's Lemonade, Reference Daily Intake, Root beer, Routledge, Rum and Coke, Secretary of State for Education, Sharbat, Slate (magazine), Smilax ornata, Soda fountain, Soda syphon, SodaStream, Sodium benzoate, South African English, South Asia, Southern United States, Squash (drink), St. Louis, Sucrose, Sugar, Sugar beet, Sugar substitute, Sugarcane, Sulfuric acid, Sumac, Sweetened beverage, Sweetness, Syrup, Tamarind, Taraxacum, Tax, Tea, Temperance movement, The Boston Globe, The Coca-Cola Company, The Great Exhibition, The New York Times, The Slate Group, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Thomas Henry (apothecary), Tonic water, Tooth decay, Torbern Bergman, Trade fair, Triglyceride, Tuck shop, Tudor period, United Kingdom, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of Michigan, University of Sheffield, USA Today, Vanilla extract, Vending machine, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Washer (hardware), Water, William Painter (inventor), World Health Organization, Yale University, Yeast. Expand index (190 more) » « Shrink index
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
Acid erosion, also known as dental erosion, is a type of tooth wear.
-ade is a suffix used to denote a sweetened, fruit– (often citrus) flavored beverage.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Advocacy groups (also known as pressure groups, lobby groups, campaign groups, interest groups, or special interest groups) use various forms of advocacy in order to influence public opinion and/or policy.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Alan Arthur Johnson (born 17 May 1950) is a British Labour Party politician who served as Home Secretary from June 2009 to May 2010.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alcohol by volume (abbreviated as ABV, abv, or alc/vol) is a standard measure of how much alcohol (ethanol) is contained in a given volume of an alcoholic beverage (expressed as a volume percent).
An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is an American professional association of pediatricians, headquartered in Itasca, Illinois.
The American Beverage Association (ABA) is a trade organization that represents the beverage industry in the United States.
The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Founded in 1966, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) is the world’s largest professional society devoted to the study of kidney disease.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Anecdotal evidence is evidence from anecdotes, i.e., evidence collected in a casual or informal manner and relying heavily or entirely on personal testimony.
Apothecary is one term for a medical professional who formulates and dispenses materia medica to physicians, surgeons, and patients.
An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
A bar (also known as a saloon or a tavern or sometimes a pub or club, referring to the actual establishment, as in pub bar or savage club etc.) is a retail business establishment that serves alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, liquor, cocktails, and other beverages such as mineral water and soft drinks and often sell snack foods such as crisps (potato chips) or peanuts, for consumption on premises.
Benjamin Silliman (August 8, 1779 – November 24, 1864) was an early American chemist and science educator.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzoates (salts of benzoic acid) can refer to.
The beverage industry refers to the industry that produces drinks, in particular ready to drink beverages.
Birch beer in its most common form is a carbonated soft drink made from herbal extracts and birch bark.
Blood lipids (or blood fats) are lipids in the blood, either free or bound to other molecules.
Bone density, or bone mineral density (BMD), is the amount of bone mineral in bone tissue.
A bottle is a narrow-necked container as compared with a jar.
Bottling lines are production lines that fill a product, generally a beverage, into bottles on a large scale.
Business ethics (also known as corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics, that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business environment.
Cadbury, formerly Cadbury's and Cadbury Schweppes, is a British multinational confectionery company wholly owned by Mondelez International (originally Kraft Foods) since 2010.
Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
The Caledonian Road passes for about a mile and a half north-south through the London Borough of Islington.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carbohydrate metabolism denotes the various biochemical processes responsible for the formation, breakdown, and interconversion of carbohydrates in living organisms.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbonated water (bubbly water, fizzy water) is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved, either by technology or by a natural geologic source.
Carbonation refers to reactions of carbon dioxide to give carbonates, bicarbonates, and carbonic acid.
A carton is a box or container usually made of paperboard and sometimes of corrugated fiberboard.
The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit watchdog and consumer advocacy group that advocates for safer and healthier foods.
Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a not-for-profit public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi, India.
Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being.
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.
A Codd bottle is a type of bottle used for carbonated drinks.
In law, commercial speech is speech or writing on behalf of a business with the intent of earning a profit.
A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.
Corn syrup is a food syrup which is made from the starch of corn (called maize in some countries) and contains varying amounts of maltose and higher oligosaccharides, depending on the grade.
Cott Corporation is beverage and foodservice company based in Canada.
The crown cork (also known as a crown seal, crown cap or just a cap), the first form of bottle cap, was invented by William Painter in 1892 in Baltimore.
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
Diet (alternatively marketed as sugar-free, zero-calorie or low-calorie) drinks are sugar-free, artificially sweetened versions of fizzy beverages with virtually no calories.
A diner is a small restaurant found predominantly in the Northeastern United States and Midwest, as well as in other parts of the US, Canada, and parts of Western Europe.
A disposable cup is a type of tableware and disposable food packaging.
DNA repair is a collection of processes by which a cell identifies and corrects damage to the DNA molecules that encode its genome.
Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. is an American soft drink company, based in Plano, Texas.
The dram (alternative British spelling drachm; apothecary symbol ʒ or ℨ; abbreviated dr) Earlier version first published in New English Dictionary, 1897.
A drink or beverage is a liquid intended for human consumption.
A drinking straw or drinking tube is a small pipe that allows its user to more conveniently consume a beverage.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
An energy drink is a type of beverage containing stimulant drugs, usually including caffeine, which is marketed as providing mental and physical stimulation (marketed as "energy", but distinct from food energy).
Erasmus Darwin (12 December 173118 April 1802) was an English physician.
Erythorbic acid (isoascorbic acid, D-araboascorbic acid, (D-)erythroascorbic acid) is a stereoisomer of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Fast food is a mass-produced food that is typically prepared and served quicker than traditional foods.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.
The Fizz Keeper is a device that is sold as a means for preserving the carbonation in soft drinks.
Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.
Fructokinase (/fruc•to•ki•nase/), also known as D-fructokinase or D-fructose (D-mannose) kinase,.
Fructose, or fruit sugar, is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose.
A generic trademark, also known as a genericized trademark or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name that, due to its popularity or significance, has become the generic name for, or synonymous with, a general class of product or service, usually against the intentions of the trademark's holder.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
Gin is liquor which derives its predominant flavour from juniper berries (Juniperus communis).
A gin and tonic is a highball cocktail made with gin and tonic water poured over ice.
Ginger ale is a carbonated soft drink flavoured with ginger.
Traditional ginger beer is a naturally sweetened and carbonated, usually non-alcoholic beverage.
Glassblowing is a glassforming technique that involves inflating molten glass into a bubble (or parison), with the aid of a blowpipe (or blow tube).
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Hard soda, also referred to as flavored beer, is a type of alcoholic beverage and craft beer that is manufactured in the style of a soft drink.
The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (formerly Harvard School of Public Health) is the public health graduate school of Harvard University, located in the Longwood Medical Area of Boston, Massachusetts adjacent Harvard Medical School.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) (also called glucose-fructose, isoglucose and glucose-fructose syrup) is a sweetener made from corn starch that has been processed by glucose isomerase to convert some of its glucose into fructose.
Hiram Codd (10 January 1838 – 18 February 1887) was an English engineer.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.
Hyperlocal is information oriented around a well-defined community with its primary focus directed toward the concerns of the population in that community.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypokalemia, also spelled hypokalaemia, is a low level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum.
Ice is water frozen into a solid state.
An ice cream float or ice cream soda (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa and East Asia), coke float (United Kingdom and Southeast Asia), or spider (Australia and New Zealand), is a chilled beverage that consists of ice cream in either a soft drink or in a mixture of flavored syrup and carbonated water.
Ice cream parlors (or parlours) are restaurants that sell ice cream, gelato, sorbet, and frozen yogurt to consumers.
Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of India.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Islamic Golden Age is the era in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 14th century, during which much of the historically Islamic world was ruled by various caliphates, and science, economic development and cultural works flourished.
During the high medieval period, the Islamic world was at its cultural peak, supplying information and ideas to Europe, via Andalusia, Sicily and the Crusader kingdoms in the Levant.
Islington is a district in Greater London, England, and part of the London Borough of Islington.
Baron Jöns Jacob Berzelius (20 August 1779 – 7 August 1848), named by himself and contemporary society as Jacob Berzelius, was a Swedish chemist.
Jelly beans are small bean-shaped sugar candies with soft candy shells and thick gel interiors.
Johann Jacob Schweppe (16 March 1740 – 18 November 1821) was a German-Swiss watchmaker and amateur scientist who developed the first practical process to manufacture bottled carbonated mineral water, based on a process discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1767.
John Matthews (1808–1870) was an English-born American inventor and soda water manufacturer.
Jones Soda Co.
Joseph Priestley FRS (– 6 February 1804) was an 18th-century English Separatist theologian, natural philosopher, chemist, innovative grammarian, multi-subject educator, and liberal political theorist who published over 150 works.
Juice is a drink made from the extraction or pressing of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables.
Ziziphus jujuba (from Greek ζίζυφον, zízyphon), commonly called jujube (sometimes jujuba), red date, Chinese date, Korean date, or Indian date is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae).
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Kidney stone disease, also known as urolithiasis, is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) occurs in the urinary tract.
Kool-Aid is a brand of flavored drink mix owned by Kraft Foods.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.
Lemonade can be any one of a variety of sweetened beverages found throughout the world, but which are all characterized by a lemon flavor.
Liquid Candy: How Soft Drinks are Harming Americans' Health is a report published by the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) which examines the increasing levels of soft drink consumption in the United States, particularly by children and teenagers, and the health problems this poses.
This article is a list of brand name soft drink products.
Drinks are liquids that can be consumed.
A soft drink is a beverage that typically contains carbonated water, one or more flavourings and sweeteners such as sugar, HFCS, fruit juices, and/or sugar substitutes such as sucralose, acesulfame-K, aspartame and cyclamate.
This is a list of soft drinks in order of the brand's country of origin.
Low-alcohol beer (also called light beer, non-alcoholic beer, small beer, small ale, or near-beer) is beer with little or no alcohol content, which aims to reproduce the taste of beer without the inebriating effects of standard alcoholic brews.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Malvern water is a natural spring water from the Malvern Hills on the border of the counties of Herefordshire and Worcestershire in England.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Mentha (also known as mint, from Greek, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family).
Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born on February 14, 1942) is an American businessman, engineer, author, politician, and philanthropist.
Michael Joseph Owens (January 1, 1859 – December 27, 1923) was an inventor of machines to automate the production of glass bottles.
Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds.
A mixed drink is a beverage in which two or more ingredients are mixed.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
Musk is a class of aromatic substances commonly used as base notes in perfumery.
Names for soft drinks in the United States vary regionally.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the types of fatty liver which occurs when fat is deposited (steatosis) in the liver due to causes other than excessive alcohol use.
The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
Northern England, also known simply as the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing and cleaning between the teeth.
Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.
In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.
Pediatrics is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
PepsiCo, Inc. is an American multinational food, snack, and beverage corporation headquartered in Purchase, New York.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between tall.
Potassium bitartrate, also known as potassium hydrogen tartrate, with formula K C4 H5 O6, is a byproduct of winemaking.
Premix and postmix are two methods of serving – usually carbonated – soft drinks that are alternatives to bottles and cans.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
Punch is a wide assortment of drinks, both non-alcoholic and alcoholic, generally containing fruit or fruit juice.
The quart (abbreviation qt.) is an English unit of volume equal to a quarter gallon.
Quinine is a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
Root beer is a sweet North American soft drink traditionally made using the sassafras tree Sassafras albidum (sassafras) or the vine Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) as the primary flavor.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rum and Coke, or a Cuba Libre ("Free Cuba" ("free" here is an adjective, not a verb), is a highball cocktail consisting of cola, rum, and traditionally lime juice on ice. The cocktail originated in the early 20th century in Cuba, after the country won independence in the Spanish–American War. It quickly became popular across Cuba and in many other countries, and has been one of the world's most popular alcoholic drinks. Traditionally, the cola ingredient is Coca-Cola ("Coke"), and the alcohol is a Cuban light rum such as Bacardi. However, the drink may be made with various types of rums and cola brands, and lime juice may or may not be included.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Education (frequently shortened to the Education Secretary) is the chief minister of the Department for Education in the United Kingdom government.
Sharbat, shorbot or sherbet is a popular West and South Asian drink prepared from fruits or flower petals.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
Smilax ornata is a perennial, trailing vine with prickly stems that is native to Mexico and Central America.
A soda fountain is a device that dispenses carbonated soft drinks, called fountain drinks.
The soda siphon (also spelled syphon), also known as the seltzer bottle or siphon seltzer bottle is a device for dispensing carbonated or soda water.
SodaStream International Ltd. is an Israeli manufacturing company best known as the maker of the consumer home carbonation product of the same name.
Sodium benzoate is a substance which has the chemical formula NaC7H5O2.
South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English dialects native to South Africans.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Squash (also known as cordial), in British English, is a non-alcoholic concentrated syrup used in beverage making.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
A sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production.
A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Sumac (also spelled sumach, sumaq) (translation, translit), (Mishnaic Hebrew אוֹג.
A sweetened beverage is any beverage with added sugar.
Sweetness is a basic taste most commonly perceived when eating foods rich in sugars.
In cooking, a syrup or sirup (from شراب; sharāb, beverage, wine and sirupus) is a condiment that is a thick, viscous liquid consisting primarily of a solution of sugar in water, containing a large amount of dissolved sugars but showing little tendency to deposit crystals.
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa.
Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.
The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Coca-Cola Company is an American corporation, and manufacturer, retailer, and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups.
The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or The Great Exhibition, sometimes referred to as the Crystal Palace Exhibition in reference to the temporary structure in which it was held, was an international exhibition that took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Slate Group is a US online publishing entity established in June 2008 by Graham Holdings Company.
The Tenant of Wildfell Hall is the second and final novel by the English author Anne Brontë.
Thomas Henry (26 October 1734 – 18 June 1816) was a surgeon and apothecary.
Tonic water (or Indian tonic water) is a carbonated soft drink in which quinine is dissolved.
Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria.
Torbern Olaf (Olof) Bergman (KVO) (20 March 17358 July 1784) was a Swedish chemist and mineralogist noted for his 1775 Dissertation on Elective Attractions, containing the largest chemical affinity tables ever published.
A trade fair (trade show, trade exhibition, or expo) is an exhibition organized so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products and services, meet with industry partners and customers, study activities of rivals, and examine recent market trends and opportunities.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
A tuck shop is a small, food-selling retailer.
The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The University of Sheffield (informally Sheffield University) is a public research university in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Vanilla extract is a solution made by macerating and percolating vanilla pods in a solution of ethanol and water.
A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.
Vitamin B6 refers to a group of chemically similar compounds which can be interconverted in biological systems.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
A washer is a thin plate (typically disk-shaped) with a hole (typically in the middle) that is normally used to distribute the load of a threaded fastener, such as a Bolt or nut.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
William Painter (November 20, 1838 – July 15, 1906) was an American mechanical engineer, inventor and the founder of Crown Holdings, Inc., a Fortune 500 company.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.
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