50 relations: Agriculture, Alkali soil, Arable land, Bioavailability, Biomass, Capital, Volume I, Capitalism, Cation-exchange capacity, Chernozem, Drainage, Environmental impact of irrigation, Fertilizer, Gran Chaco, Great Plains, Immobilization (soil science), Karl Marx, Middle East, Mineralization (soil science), Mollisol, New England Colonies, Osmotic pressure, Pampas, Peak phosphorus, Photosynthesis, Plaggen soil, Plant nutrition, Prairie, Sahara, Salinity, Shifting cultivation, Slash-and-burn, Soil, Soil conservation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Soil life, Soil management, Soil organic matter, Soil pH, Soil retrogression and degradation, Soil salinity, Soil salinity control, Soil structure, Sudan, Terra preta, Tilth, Topsoil, Turgor pressure, Ukraine, William Cronon.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Alkali, or Alkaline, soils are clay soils with high pH (> 8.5), a poor soil structure and a low infiltration capacity.
Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.
In pharmacology, bioavailability (BA or F) is a subcategory of absorption and is the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation, one of the principal pharmacokinetic properties of drugs.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Cation-exchange capacity (CEC) is a measure of how many cations can be retained on soil particle surfaces.
Chernozem (r; "black soil") is a black-colored soil containing a high percentage of humus (4% to 16%), and high percentages of phosphoric acids, phosphorus and ammonia.
Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of a surface's water and sub-surface water from an area.
The environmental impacts of irrigation relate to the changes in quantity and quality of soil and water as a result of irrigation and the effects on natural and social conditions in river basins and downstream of an irrigation scheme.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
The Gran Chaco or Dry Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland natural region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina and a portion of the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, where it is connected with the Pantanal region.
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
Immobilization in soil science is the conversion of inorganic compounds to organic compounds by micro-organisms or plants, by which it is prevented from being accessible to plants.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Mineralization in soil science is the decomposition, i. e. oxidation, of the chemical compounds in organic matter, by which the nutrients in those compounds are released in soluble inorganic forms that may be available to plants.
Mollisols are a soil order in USDA soil taxonomy.
The New England Colonies of British America included Connecticut Colony, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the Province of New Hampshire, as well as a few smaller short-lived colonies.
Osmotic pressure is the minimum pressure which needs to be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of its pure solvent across a semipermeable membrane.
The Pampas (from the pampa, meaning "plain") are fertile South American lowlands that cover more than and include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba; all of Uruguay; and the southernmost Brazilian State, Rio Grande do Sul.
Peak phosphorus is a concept to describe the point in time when humanity reaches the maximum global production rate of phosphorus as an industrial and commercial raw material.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Plaggen soil or plaggic anthrosol is a type of soil created in parts of northwest Europe in the Middle Ages, as a result of so-called "plaggen" agriculture on marginal podzol soils.
Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements and compounds necessary for plant growth, plant metabolism and their external supply.
Prairies are ecosystems considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and a composition of grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned and allowed to revert to their natural vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.
Slash-and-burn agriculture, or fire–fallow cultivation, is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest or woodland to create a field called a swidden.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Soil conservation is the preventing of soil loss from erosion or reduced fertility caused by over usage, acidification, salinization or other chemical soil contamination.
Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotic (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment.
Soil erosion is the displacement of the upper layer of soil, one form of soil degradation.
This table is a résumé of soil life,, Les Bases de la Production Végetal, tome I: Le Sol et son amélioration,, 2003 coherent with prevalent taxonomy as used in the linked Wikipedia articles.
Soil management is the application of operations, practices, and treatments to protect soil and enhance its performance (such as soil fertility or soil mechanics).
Soil organic matter (SOM) is the organic matter component of soil, consisting of plant and animal residues at various stages of decomposition, cells and tissues of soil organisms, and substances synthesized by soil organisms.
Soil pH is a measure of the acidity or basicity (alkalinity) of a soil.
Soil retrogression and degradation are two regressive evolution processes associated with the loss of equilibrium of a stable soil.
Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization.
Soil salinity control relates to controlling the problem of soil salinity and reclaiming salinized agricultural land.
Soil structure describes the arrangement of the solid parts of the soil and of the pore space located between them.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Terra preta (locally, literally "black soil" in Portuguese) is a type of very dark, fertile artificial (anthropogenic) soil found in the Amazon Basin.
Soil tilth is its physical condition, especially in relation to its suitability for planting or growing a crop.
Topsoil is the upper, outermost layer of soil, usually the top to.
Turgor pressure is the force within the cell that pushes the plasma membrane against the cell wall.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
William "Bill" Cronon, FBA (born September 11, 1954 in New Haven, Connecticut) is a noted environmental historian and the Frederick Jackson Turner and Vilas Research Professor of History, Geography, and Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.