Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Solution

Index Solution

In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances. [1]

85 relations: Alloy, Amalgam (chemistry), Aqueous solution, Atmosphere of Earth, Body fluid, Boiling point, Bronze, Carbon dioxide, Carbonated water, Chemical compound, Chemical polarity, Chemistry, Clinical chemistry, Coil–globule transition, Colligative properties, Colloid, Concentration, Effervescence, Electric dipole moment, Electrolyte, Emulsion, Enthalpy change of solution, Entropy, Ethanol, Exothermic process, Filtration, Gas, Gold, Hexane, Homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen storage, Ideal solution, Ion, Ion association, Light, Linear combination, Liquid, Lower critical solution temperature, Mass, Melting point, Mercury (element), Mixture, Molar concentration, Mole fraction, Noble gas, Oil, Oxygen, Palladium, ..., Paraffin wax, Percentage solution, Petroleum, Phase (matter), Plasticizer, Polymer, Potassium, Pressure, Properties of water, Protic solvent, Salt, Salt (chemistry), Saturation (chemistry), Scattering, Sodium chloride, Solid, Solubility, Solubility equilibrium, Solvation, Solvent, State of matter, Steel, Stock solution, Sucrose, Sugar, Supersaturation, Surfactant, Suspension (chemistry), Temperature, Thermodynamic free energy, Total dissolved solids, Upper critical solution temperature, Urea, Volume fraction, Water. Expand index (35 more) »

Alloy

An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.

New!!: Solution and Alloy · See more »

Amalgam (chemistry)

An amalgam is an alloy of mercury with another metal, which may be a liquid, a soft paste or a solid, depending upon the proportion of mercury.

New!!: Solution and Amalgam (chemistry) · See more »

Aqueous solution

An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water.

New!!: Solution and Aqueous solution · See more »

Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.

New!!: Solution and Atmosphere of Earth · See more »

Body fluid

Body fluid, bodily fluids, or biofluids are liquids within the bodies of living people.

New!!: Solution and Body fluid · See more »

Boiling point

The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.

New!!: Solution and Boiling point · See more »

Bronze

Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.

New!!: Solution and Bronze · See more »

Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

New!!: Solution and Carbon dioxide · See more »

Carbonated water

Carbonated water (bubbly water, fizzy water) is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved, either by technology or by a natural geologic source.

New!!: Solution and Carbonated water · See more »

Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

New!!: Solution and Chemical compound · See more »

Chemical polarity

In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.

New!!: Solution and Chemical polarity · See more »

Chemistry

Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

New!!: Solution and Chemistry · See more »

Clinical chemistry

Clinical chemistry (also known as chemical pathology, clinical biochemistry or medical biochemistry) is the area of chemistry that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

New!!: Solution and Clinical chemistry · See more »

Coil–globule transition

In polymer physics, the coil–globule transition is the collapse of a macromolecule from an expanded coil state through an ideal coil state to a collapsed globule state, or vice versa.

New!!: Solution and Coil–globule transition · See more »

Colligative properties

In chemistry, colligative properties are properties of solutions that depend on the ratio of the number of solute particles to the number of solvent molecules in a solution, and not on the nature of the chemical species present.

New!!: Solution and Colligative properties · See more »

Colloid

In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.

New!!: Solution and Colloid · See more »

Concentration

In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture.

New!!: Solution and Concentration · See more »

Effervescence

Effervescence is the escape of gas from an aqueous solution and the foaming or fizzing that results from that release.

New!!: Solution and Effervescence · See more »

Electric dipole moment

The electric dipole moment is a measure of the separation of positive and negative electrical charges within a system, that is, a measure of the system's overall polarity.

New!!: Solution and Electric dipole moment · See more »

Electrolyte

An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.

New!!: Solution and Electrolyte · See more »

Emulsion

An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).

New!!: Solution and Emulsion · See more »

Enthalpy change of solution

The enthalpy of solution, enthalpy of dissolution, or heat of solution is the enthalpy change associated with the dissolution of a substance in a solvent at constant pressure resulting in infinite dilution.

New!!: Solution and Enthalpy change of solution · See more »

Entropy

In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.

New!!: Solution and Entropy · See more »

Ethanol

Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

New!!: Solution and Ethanol · See more »

Exothermic process

In thermodynamics, the term exothermic process (exo-: "outside") describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system to its surroundings, usually in the form of heat, but also in a form of light (e.g. a spark, flame, or flash), electricity (e.g. a battery), or sound (e.g. explosion heard when burning hydrogen).

New!!: Solution and Exothermic process · See more »

Filtration

Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass.

New!!: Solution and Filtration · See more »

Gas

Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).

New!!: Solution and Gas · See more »

Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

New!!: Solution and Gold · See more »

Hexane

Hexane is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.

New!!: Solution and Hexane · See more »

Homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures

A homogeneous mixture is a solid, liquid, or gaseous mixture that has the same proportions of its components throughout any given sample.

New!!: Solution and Homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures · See more »

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Solution and Hydrogen · See more »

Hydrogen bond

A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.

New!!: Solution and Hydrogen bond · See more »

Hydrogen storage

Methods of hydrogen storage for subsequent use span many approaches including high pressures, cryogenics, and chemical compounds that reversibly release H2 upon heating.

New!!: Solution and Hydrogen storage · See more »

Ideal solution

In chemistry, an ideal solution or ideal mixture is a solution with thermodynamic properties analogous to those of a mixture of ideal gases.

New!!: Solution and Ideal solution · See more »

Ion

An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

New!!: Solution and Ion · See more »

Ion association

In chemistry, ion association is a chemical reaction whereby ions of opposite electrical charge come together in solution to form a distinct chemical entity.

New!!: Solution and Ion association · See more »

Light

Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Solution and Light · See more »

Linear combination

In mathematics, a linear combination is an expression constructed from a set of terms by multiplying each term by a constant and adding the results (e.g. a linear combination of x and y would be any expression of the form ax + by, where a and b are constants).

New!!: Solution and Linear combination · See more »

Liquid

A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.

New!!: Solution and Liquid · See more »

Lower critical solution temperature

The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) or lower consolute temperature is the critical temperature below which the components of a mixture are miscible for all compositions.

New!!: Solution and Lower critical solution temperature · See more »

Mass

Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied.

New!!: Solution and Mass · See more »

Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

New!!: Solution and Melting point · See more »

Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

New!!: Solution and Mercury (element) · See more »

Mixture

In chemistry, a mixture is a material made up of two or more different substances which are mixed.

New!!: Solution and Mixture · See more »

Molar concentration

Molar concentration (also called molarity, amount concentration or substance concentration) is a measure of the concentration of a chemical species, in particular of a solute in a solution, in terms of amount of substance per unit volume of solution.

New!!: Solution and Molar concentration · See more »

Mole fraction

In chemistry, the mole fraction or molar fraction (xi) is defined as the amount of a constituent (expressed in moles), ni, divided by the total amount of all constituents in a mixture (also expressed in moles), ntot: The sum of all the mole fractions is equal to 1: The same concept expressed with a denominator of 100 is the mole percent or molar percentage or molar proportion (mol%).

New!!: Solution and Mole fraction · See more »

Noble gas

The noble gases (historically also the inert gases) make up a group of chemical elements with similar properties; under standard conditions, they are all odorless, colorless, monatomic gases with very low chemical reactivity.

New!!: Solution and Noble gas · See more »

Oil

An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").

New!!: Solution and Oil · See more »

Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Solution and Oxygen · See more »

Palladium

Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46.

New!!: Solution and Palladium · See more »

Paraffin wax

Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid, derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.

New!!: Solution and Paraffin wax · See more »

Percentage solution

Percentage solution may refer to.

New!!: Solution and Percentage solution · See more »

Petroleum

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

New!!: Solution and Petroleum · See more »

Phase (matter)

In the physical sciences, a phase is a region of space (a thermodynamic system), throughout which all physical properties of a material are essentially uniform.

New!!: Solution and Phase (matter) · See more »

Plasticizer

Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.

New!!: Solution and Plasticizer · See more »

Polymer

A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

New!!: Solution and Polymer · See more »

Potassium

Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

New!!: Solution and Potassium · See more »

Pressure

Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.

New!!: Solution and Pressure · See more »

Properties of water

Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.

New!!: Solution and Properties of water · See more »

Protic solvent

In chemistry, a protic solvent is a solvent that has a hydrogen atom bound to an oxygen (as in a hydroxyl group) or a nitrogen (as in an amine group).

New!!: Solution and Protic solvent · See more »

Salt

Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

New!!: Solution and Salt · See more »

Salt (chemistry)

In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.

New!!: Solution and Salt (chemistry) · See more »

Saturation (chemistry)

In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, meaning 'to fill') has diverse meanings, all based on the idea of reaching a maximum capacity.

New!!: Solution and Saturation (chemistry) · See more »

Scattering

Scattering is a general physical process where some forms of radiation, such as light, sound, or moving particles, are forced to deviate from a straight trajectory by one or more paths due to localized non-uniformities in the medium through which they pass.

New!!: Solution and Scattering · See more »

Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.

New!!: Solution and Sodium chloride · See more »

Solid

Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).

New!!: Solution and Solid · See more »

Solubility

Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.

New!!: Solution and Solubility · See more »

Solubility equilibrium

Solubility equilibrium is a type of dynamic equilibrium that exists when a chemical compound in the solid state is in chemical equilibrium with a solution of that compound.

New!!: Solution and Solubility equilibrium · See more »

Solvation

Solvation describes the interaction of solvent with dissolved molecules.

New!!: Solution and Solvation · See more »

Solvent

A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

New!!: Solution and Solvent · See more »

State of matter

In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms in which matter can exist.

New!!: Solution and State of matter · See more »

Steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

New!!: Solution and Steel · See more »

Stock solution

A stock solution is a concentrated solution that will be diluted to some lower concentration for actual use.

New!!: Solution and Stock solution · See more »

Sucrose

Sucrose is common table sugar.

New!!: Solution and Sucrose · See more »

Sugar

Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

New!!: Solution and Sugar · See more »

Supersaturation

Supersaturation is a state of a solution that contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances.

New!!: Solution and Supersaturation · See more »

Surfactant

Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.

New!!: Solution and Surfactant · See more »

Suspension (chemistry)

In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.

New!!: Solution and Suspension (chemistry) · See more »

Temperature

Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

New!!: Solution and Temperature · See more »

Thermodynamic free energy

The thermodynamic free energy is the amount of work that a thermodynamic system can perform.

New!!: Solution and Thermodynamic free energy · See more »

Total dissolved solids

Total dissolved solids (TDS) is a measure of the combined content of all inorganic and organic substances contained in a liquid in molecular, ionized or micro-granular (colloidal sol) suspended form.

New!!: Solution and Total dissolved solids · See more »

Upper critical solution temperature

The upper critical solution temperature (UCST) or upper consolute temperature is the critical temperature above which the components of a mixture are miscible in all proportions.

New!!: Solution and Upper critical solution temperature · See more »

Urea

Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.

New!!: Solution and Urea · See more »

Volume fraction

In chemistry, the volume fraction φi is defined as the volume of a constituent Vi divided by the volume of all constituents of the mixture V prior to mixing: Being dimensionless, its unit is 1; it is expressed as a number, e.g., 0.18.

New!!: Solution and Volume fraction · See more »

Water

Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: Solution and Water · See more »

Redirects here:

Chemical Solution, Chemical solution, Dilute solution, Dissolved solids, Dissolved water, Liquid solution, Soln, Soln., Solute, Solutes, Solution (chemistry), Solutions.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solution

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »