119 relations: Admiralty, Afghan Air Force, Air brake (aeronautics), Air Enthusiast, Air supremacy, Aircraft, Aircraft carrier, Aizsargi, Albatros D.I, Australian Flying Corps, Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, Battle of the Somme, Belgian Air Component, Biplane, Bloody April, Bracing (aeronautics), Breguet 14, Breguet Aviation, Breguet Bre.4, Brussels, Caledon, Ontario, Caudron G.4, Clerget 9B, Clerget-Blin, Czechoslovak Legion, Dogfight, Dorand AR, Dux Factory, East Fortune, Estonian Air Force, Farman Aviation Works, Flight International, Fokker Scourge, Foster mounting, France, French Naval Aviation, Fuselage, Gnome et Rhône, Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), Hanriot HD.1, Hanriot HD.2, Hellenic Navy, Herbert Smith (aircraft designer), History of the Armée de l'Air (1909–1942), Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Imperial Russian Air Service, Jagdstaffel, La Ferté-Alais, Latvian Air Force, Lewis gun, ..., List of aircraft of the Royal Flying Corps, List of aircraft of the Royal Naval Air Service, Lithuanian Air Force, Lithuanian–Soviet War, Machine gun, Martinsyde G.100, Masterton, Mexican Air Force, Musée de l’air et de l’espace, National Museum of Flight, Nickname, Nieuport 14, Nieuport 28, No. 143 Squadron RAF, No. 2 Squadron RAAF, No. 202 Squadron RAF, No. 205 Squadron RAF, No. 208 Squadron RAF, No. 37 Squadron RAF, No. 39 Squadron RAF, No. 4 Squadron RAAF, No. 43 Squadron RAF, No. 44 Squadron RAF, No. 45 Squadron RAF, No. 46 Squadron RAF, No. 6 Squadron RAAF, No. 70 Squadron RAF, No. 78 Squadron RAF, Paris, Polish Air Force, Polish–Soviet War, Polk City, Florida, Pusher configuration, Reid and Sigrist, Rotary engine, Royal Air Force, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12, Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and Military History, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Navy, Royal Netherlands Air Force, Royal Romanian Air Force, Russian Civil War, Scarff ring, Sopwith Aviation Company, Sopwith Camel, Sopwith Pup, Soviet Air Forces, Squadron (aviation), Sweden, Synchronization gear, Tailplane, TNCA, Tractor configuration, United Kingdom, United States Army Air Service, United States Navy, Vickers, Vickers machine gun, War Office, White movement, World War I, .303 British, 88th Aero Squadron, 90th Aero Squadron, 90th Fighter Squadron, 99th Aero Squadron. Expand index (69 more) » « Shrink index
The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy firstly in the Kingdom of England, secondly in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire.
The Afghan Air Force (AAF; دافغانستان هوائی ځواک; قوای هوائی افغانستان) is the aerial warfare branch of the Afghan Armed Forces.
In aeronautics, air brakes or speed brakes are a type of flight control surfaces used on an aircraft to increase drag or increase the angle of approach during landing.
Air Enthusiast was a British, bi-monthly, aviation magazine, published by the Key Publishing group.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
Aizsargi (literally: "Defenders", "Guards") was a paramilitary organization (Aizsargu organizācija, "Guards Organization"), or a militia, in Latvia during the interbellum period (1918–1939).
The Albatros D.I was a German fighter aircraft used during World War I. Although its operational career was short, it was the first of the Albatros D types which equipped the bulk of the German and Austrian fighter squadrons (Jagdstaffeln) for the last two years of the war.
The Australian Flying Corps (AFC) was the branch of the Australian Army responsible for operating aircraft during World War I, and the forerunner of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
The Aviation Section, Signal Corps, was the aerial warfare service of the United States from 1914 to 1918, and a direct statutory ancestor of the United States Air Force.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Belgian Air Component (Luchtcomponent, Composante air) is the air arm of the Belgian Armed Forces, and until January 2002 it was officially known as the Belgian Air Force (Belgische Luchtmacht; Force aérienne belge).
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
Bloody April refers to April 1917, and is the name given to the (largely successful) British air support operations during the Battle of Arras, during which particularly heavy casualties were suffered by the Royal Flying Corps at the hands of the German Luftstreitkräfte.
In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.
The Breguet 14 was a French biplane bomber and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War.
The Société des Ateliers d'Aviation Louis Breguet also known as Breguet Aviation was a French aircraft manufacturer.
This article is about an aircraft of World War I. For the pre-war design of the same designation, see Breguet Type IV. The Breguet Bre.4, also known variously as the Type IV and BUM, was a French biplane bomber of World War I. A fighter version of it was also produced as the BUC and BLC; some of these saw service with the British Royal Navy, which called them 'the Breguet 'de Chasse.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Caledon (2016 population 66,502) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.
The Caudron G.4 was a French biplane with twin engines, widely used during World War I as a bomber aircraft.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The Clerget 9B was a nine-cylinder rotary aircraft engine of the World War I era designed by Pierre Clerget.
Clerget-Blin (full name being Société Clerget-Blin et Cie) was a French precision engineering company formed in 1913 by the engineer and inventor Pierre Clerget and industrialist Eugène Blin.
The Czechoslovak Legion (Československé legie in Czech and Slovak) were volunteer armed forces composed predominantly of Czechs with a small number of Slovaks (approximately 8 percent) fighting together with the Entente powers during World War I. Their goal was to win the Allied Powers' support for the independence of Bohemia and Moravia from the Austrian Empire and of Slovak territories from the Kingdom of Hungary, which were then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
A dogfight, or dog fight, is an aerial battle between fighter aircraft, conducted at close range.
The Dorand AR.1 was a World War One French two-seat observation biplane aircraft used by the French Air Force, the American Expeditionary Force and, in small numbers, by Serbian Aviation.
Dux (Zavod "Duks") was a bicycle/automobile/aircraft factory in Moscow, Russia before and during World War I. The factory was founded in 1893.
East Fortune is a village in East Lothian, Scotland, located 2 miles (3 km) north west of East Linton.
The Estonian Air Force (Eesti Õhuvägi) is the aviation branch of the Estonian Defence Forces.
Farman Aviation Works (Avions Farman) was a French aircraft company founded and run by the brothers Richard, Henri, and Maurice Farman.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
The Fokker Scourge (or Fokker Scare) occurred during the First World War from August 1915 to early 1916, when the Imperial German Flying Corps (''Die Fliegertruppen''), equipped with Fokker ''Eindecker'' fighters, gained an advantage over the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and the French ''Aéronautique Militaire''.
The Foster mounting was a device fitted to some fighter aircraft of the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
French Naval Aviation (often abbreviated in French to: « l'Aéronavale », or « Aviation navale » or more simply « l'Aéro ») is the naval air arm of the French Navy.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
Gnome et Rhône was a major French aircraft engine manufacturer.
The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922 was fought between Greece and the Turkish National Movement during the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I between May 1919 and October 1922.
The Hanriot HD.1 was a French World War I single-seat fighter aircraft.
The Hanriot HD.2 was a biplane floatplane fighter aircraft produced in France during the First World War which was used after the war for testing the use of aircraft from warships.
The Hellenic Navy (HN; Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval force of Greece, part of the Hellenic Armed Forces.
Herbert Smith (1 May 1889 – 1977) was a British aircraft designer.
The Armée de l'Air (literally, "army of the air") is the name used for the French Air Force in its native language since it was made independent of the Army in 1933.
The or, more literally, the Greater Japan Empire Army Air Corps, was the aviation force of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).
The Imperial Russian Air Service (Императорскiй военно-воздушный флотъ, literally Emperor's Military Air Fleet) was an air force founded in 1912 for Imperial Russia.
A Jagdstaffel (plural Jagdstaffeln, abbreviated to Jasta) was a fighter Staffel (squadron) of the German Imperial Luftstreitkräfte during World War I.
La Ferté-Alais is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France.
Latvian Air Force (Latvijas Gaisa spēki) is the aviation branch of the National Armed Forces.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
This is a list of aircraft used by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) from 13 April 1912, when it was formed from the Air Battalion Royal Engineers, until 1 April 1918 when it was merged with the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) to form the Royal Air Force (RAF).
This is a list of military aircraft used by the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS).
The Lithuanian Air Force or LAF (Lietuvos karinės oro pajėgos (LK KOP)) is the military aviation branch of the Lithuanian armed forces.
The Lithuanian–Soviet War or Lithuanian–Bolshevik War (karas su bolševikais) was fought between newly independent Republic of Lithuania and the proto-Soviet Union (Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic and Lithuanian–Belorussian SSR) in the aftermath of World War I. It was part of the larger Soviet westward offensive of 1918–1919.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
The Martinsyde G.100 "Elephant" and the G.102 were British fighter bomber aircraft of the First World War built by Martinsyde.
Masterton (Whakaoriori) is a large town in the Wellington Region of New Zealand and the seat of the Masterton District (a territorial authority or local government district).
The Mexican Air Force (FAM; Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Mexicana) is the primary aerial warfare service branch of the Mexican Armed Forces.
The Musée de l'air et de l'espace, (English: Air and Space Museum), is a French aerospace museum, located at the south-eastern edge of Le Bourget Airport, north of Paris, and in the commune of Le Bourget.
The National Museum of Flight is Scotland's national aviation museum, at East Fortune Airfield, just south of the village of East Fortune, in East Lothian.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place, or thing, for affection or ridicule.
The Nieuport 14 was a military reconnaissance sesquiplane produced in France during the First World War.
The Nieuport 28 C.1 was a French biplane fighter aircraft flown during World War I, built by Nieuport and designed by Gustave Delage.
No. 143 Squadron RAF was a Royal Air Force Squadron formed as a fighter unit in the First World War and reformed as an RAF Coastal Command fighter and anti-submarine unit in Second World War.
No 208 (Reserve) Squadron was a reserve unit of the Royal Air Force, most recently based at RAF Valley, Anglesey, Wales.
45 Squadron is a flying squadron of the Royal Air Force.
No. 6 Squadron is a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) training and bomber squadron.
The squadron was formed on 22 April 1916 at Farnborough, and was equipped with the Sopwith 1½ Strutter.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Polish Air Force (Siły Powietrzne, literally "Air Forces") is the aerial warfare military branch of the Polish Armed Forces.
The Polish–Soviet War (February 1919 – March 1921) was fought by the Second Polish Republic, Ukrainian People's Republic and the proto-Soviet Union (Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine) for control of an area equivalent to today's western Ukraine and parts of modern Belarus.
Polk City is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States.
In a vehicle with a pusher configuration (as opposed to a tractor configuration), the propeller(s) are mounted behind their respective engine(s).
Reid and Sigrist was an English engineering company based at New Malden in Surrey.
The rotary engine was an early type of internal combustion engine, usually designed with an odd number of cylinders per row in a radial configuration, in which the crankshaft remained stationary in operation, with the entire crankcase and its attached cylinders rotating around it as a unit.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12 was a British single-seat aeroplane of The First World War designed at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 was a British two-seat biplane reconnaissance and bomber aircraft of the First World War designed and produced at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and Military History (Musée Royal de l’Armée et d’Histoire Militaire, often abbreviated to MRA, Koninklijk Museum van het Leger en de Krijgsgeschiedenis, KLM) is a military museum that occupies the two northernmost halls of the historic complex in Cinquantenaire Park in Brussels, Belgium.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF; Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu), "Royal Air Force"), is the military aviation branch of the Netherlands Armed Forces.
The Air Arm of the Royal Romanian forces in World War II was officially named the Aeronautica Regala Romana (ARR), or the Romanian Royal Aeronautics, though it is more commonly referred to in English histories as the Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României (Royal Romanian Air Force, FARR), or simply Forţele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force).
The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
The Scarff ring was a type of machine gun mounting developed during the First World War by Warrant Officer (Gunner) F. W. Scarff of the Admiralty Air Department for use on two-seater aircraft.
The Sopwith Aviation Company later Sopwith Aviation & Engineering Company was a British aircraft company that designed and manufactured aeroplanes mainly for the British Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Flying Corps and later Royal Air Force in the First World War, most famously the Sopwith Camel.
The Sopwith Camel was a British First World War single-seat biplane fighter aircraft introduced on the Western Front in 1917.
The Sopwith Pup was a British single-seater biplane fighter aircraft built by the Sopwith Aviation Company.
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
A squadron in air force, army aviation, or naval aviation is a unit comprising a number of military aircraft and their aircrews, usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights, depending on aircraft type and air force.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
A synchronization gear, or a gun synchronizer, sometimes rather less accurately called an interrupter, is attached to the armament of a single-engine tractor-configuration aircraft so it can fire through the arc of its spinning propeller without bullets striking the blades.
A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.
The Talleres Nacionales de Construcciones Aeronáuticas (TNCA) (national aviation workshops) was an aircraft manufacturer established outside Mexico City in 1915.
An aircraft constructed with a tractor configuration has the engine mounted with the airscrew in front of it so that the aircraft is "pulled" through the air, as opposed to the pusher configuration, in which the airscrew is behind and propels the aircraft forward.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Army Air ServiceCraven and Cate Vol.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The White movement (p) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армія/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya), the White Guardsmen (Белогвардейцы, Belogvardeytsi) or simply the Whites (Белые, Beliye), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The.303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. and SAAMI) or 7.7×56mmR, is a calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 88th Aero Squadron was a Air Service, United States Army unit that fought on the Western Front during World War I. The squadron was assigned as a Corps Observation Squadron, performing short-range, tactical reconnaissance over the III Corps, United States First Army sector of the Western Front in France, providing battlefield intelligence.
The 90th Aero Squadron was a Air Service, United States Army unit that fought on the Western Front during World War I. The squadron was assigned as a Corps Observation Squadron, performing short-range, tactical reconnaissance over the III Corps, United States First Army sector of the Western Front in France, providing battlefield intelligence.
The 90th Fighter Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 99th Aero Squadron was a Air Service, United States Army unit that fought on the Western Front during World War I. The squadron was assigned as a Corps Observation Squadron, performing short-range, tactical reconnaissance over the V Corps, United States First Army sector of the Western Front in France, providing battlefield intelligence.
1 1/2 strutter, 1-1/2 Strutter, 11/2 Strutter, 1½ Strutter, Lioré et Olivier LeO 1, So-shiki Model 1, So-shiki Model 2, Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter, Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter, Sopwith 1.5 Strutter, Sopwith 11/2 Strutter, Sopwith 11/2 struter, Sopwith 11/2 strutter, Sopwith 1½ strutter, Sopwith 1½-Strutter, Sopwith LCT, Sopwith Land Clerget Tractor, Sopwith Ship's Strutter, Sopwith strutter.