253 relations: Aaron Neville, Adele, Adult contemporary music, African-American culture, Al Green, Al Jackson Jr., Alabama, Allen Toussaint, AllMusic, Amy Winehouse, Ann Peebles, Aretha Franklin, Assembly line, Atlantic Records, Atlantic Starr, Backing vocalist, Barry Beckett, Bassline, Bell, Ben E. King, Berry Gordy, Betty Everett, Betty Harris, Big Joe Turner, Billy Preston, Billy Stewart, Birmingham, Blue-eyed soul, Bobby Womack, Booker T. & the M.G.'s, Booker T. Jones, Brian Holland, Bring It on Home to Me, British Invasion, British soul, Brown-eyed soul, Call and response (music), Cameo (band), Carrie Lucas, Chess Records, Chicago, Chicago soul, Chips Moman, Chris Hunt, Chris Kenner, Christina Aguilera, Civil rights movement, Clapping, Clavinet, Clyde McPhatter, ..., Commodores, Con Funk Shun, Contemporary R&B, Crossover music, Cry to Me, Curtis Mayfield, Dan Penn, Dave Godin, David Bowie, Dee Clark, Detroit, Diana Ross, Dick Griffey, Disco, Do Right Woman, Do Right Man, Don Cornelius, Don Davis (record producer), Donald "Duck" Dunn, Doo-wop, Downtempo, Dr. Demento, Drum and bass, Duffy (singer), Dusty Springfield, Earth, Wind & Fire, Eddie Holland, Eddie Kendricks, Electro (music), Electronic music, Ernie K-Doe, Estelle (musician), Etta James, FAME Studios, Fats Domino, Five Stairsteps, FM broadcasting, Four Tops, Funk, Gamble and Huff, Gene Chandler, George Michael, Glossary of musical terminology, Gospel music, Hall & Oates, Hammond organ, Hank Ballard, Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes, Herb Abramson, Hi Records, Hi Rhythm Section, High fidelity, Hip hop music, Hip hop soul, Horn section, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, House music, Howard University, Huey "Piano" Smith, I Got a Woman, I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You), Irma Thomas, Jackie Wilson, James Brown, James Carr (musician), Jazz, Jerry Butler, Johnnie Taylor, Jon Landau, Joss Stone, Junior Walker, Just Out of Reach, Kedar Massenburg, Lakeside (band), Lamont Dozier, Larry Graham, Latin soul, Lee Dorsey, Leona Lewis, Lisa Stansfield, List of soul musicians, Little Richard, Major Lance, Martha and the Vandellas, Marvin Gaye, Mary Wells, Melvin Franklin, Memphis soul, Memphis, Tennessee, Michael Jackson, Modern soul, Monterey Pop Festival, Montgomery, Alabama, Motown, Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, Muscle Shoals Sound Studio, Muscle Shoals, Alabama, Music genre, Music of Africa, Musical improvisation, Musicology, Neo soul, New Orleans, New Orleans soul, Nightclub, Northern England, Northern soul, Nu jazz, O. V. Wright, Okeh Records, Orchestra, Otis Clay, Otis Redding, Parliament-Funkadelic, Paul Williams (The Temptations), Peabo Bryson, Percy Sledge, Peter Guralnick, Philadelphia, Philadelphia International Records, Philadelphia soul, Pilgrim Travelers, Pop music, Project MUSE, Psychedelic rock, Psychedelic soul, Quiet storm, Ray Charles, Record label, Record producer, Reet Petite, Respect (song), Rhodes piano, Rhythm and blues, Rock and roll, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Sade (band), Sam Cooke, Secularity, Shalamar, Simply Red, Sly and the Family Stone, Smokey Robinson, Smooth soul, Soft rock, SOLAR Records, Solomon Burke, Songwriter, Soul blues, Soul II Soul, Soul jazz, Soul Train, Southern soul, Stand by Me (Ben E. King song), Stax Records, Steve Cropper, Stevie Wonder, Syl Johnson, Tambourine, Tammi Terrell, TDR (journal), Teddy Pendergrass, Tennessee Valley, The Beatles, The Clovers, The Daily Voice (African-American news website), The Delfonics, The Dells, The Detroit Emeralds, The Dramatics, The Fascinations, The Funk Brothers, The Impressions, The Intruders (band), The Jackson 5, The Mar-Keys, The Marvelettes, The Meters, The Miracles, The O'Jays, The Soul Stirrers, The Spinners (American R&B group), The Staple Singers, The Stylistics, The Supremes, The Temptations, The Tracks of My Tears, The Unifics, The Whispers, Thom Bell, TiVo Corporation, Tom Jones (singer), Tower of Power, Traditional black gospel, UK garage, Vee-Jay Records, Violin, War (band), Wayne Jackson (musician), White people, Willie Mitchell (musician), Wilson Pickett, Wurlitzer electric piano, You Send Me. Expand index (203 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron Neville (born January 24, 1941) is an American R&B and soul singer and musician.
Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (born 5 May 1988) is an English singer and songwriter.
Adult contemporary music (AC) is a North American term used to describe a form of radio-played popular music, ranging from 1960s vocal and 1970s soft rock music to predominantly ballad-heavy music of the present day, with varying degrees of easy listening, pop, soul, rhythm and blues, quiet storm, and rock influence.
African-American culture, also known as Black-American culture, refers to the contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from mainstream American culture.
Albert Leornes Greene (born April 13, 1946), often known as The Reverend Al Green, is an African American singer, songwriter and record producer, best known for recording a series of soul hit singles in the early 1970s, including "Take Me to the River", "Tired of Being Alone", "I'm Still in Love with You", "Love and Happiness", and his signature song, "Let's Stay Together".
Albert J. "Al" Jackson Jr. (November 27, 1935 – October 1, 1975), known as Al Jackson, was a drummer, producer, and songwriter.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Allen Toussaint (January 14, 1938 – November 10, 2015) was an American musician, songwriter, arranger and record producer, who was an influential figure in New Orleans R&B from the 1950s to the end of the century, described as "one of popular music’s great backroom figures."Richard Williams,, The Guardian, November 11, 2015.
AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide.
Amy Jade Winehouse (14 September 1983 – 23 July 2011) was an English singer and songwriter.
Ann Lee Peebles (born April 27, 1947) is an American singer and songwriter who gained celebrity for her Memphis soul albums of the 1970s for Hi Records.
Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American singer and songwriter.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
Atlantic Recording Corporation (simply known as Atlantic Records) is an American major record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson.
Atlantic Starr is an American band.
Backing vocalists are singers who provide vocal harmony with the lead vocalist or other backing vocalists.
Barry Edward Beckett (February 4, 1943 – June 10, 2009) was a keyboardist, session musician, record producer, and studio founder.
A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played (in jazz and some forms of popular music) by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).
A bell is a directly struck idiophone percussion instrument.
Benjamin Earl King (born Benjamin Earl Nelson, September 28, 1938 – April 30, 2015), known as Ben E. King, was an American soul and R&B singer and record producer.
Berry Gordy III (known professionally as Berry Gordy Jr., born November 28, 1929) is an American record executive, record producer, songwriter, film producer and television producer.
Betty Everett (November 23, 1939 – August 19, 2001) was an American soul singer and pianist, best known for her biggest hit single, the million-selling "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)", and her duet Let It Be Me with Jerry Butler, in which Jerry sings "without your sweet love, Betty, what would life be?".
Betty Harris (born 1939 in Orlando, Florida, United States) is an American soul singer.
Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner Jr. (May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985) was an American blues shouter from Kansas City, Missouri.
William Everett Preston (September 2, 1946 – June 6, 2006) was an American musician whose work included R&B, rock, soul, funk, and gospel.
William Larry Stewart II (March 24, 1937 – January 17, 1970) was an American rhythm and blues singer and pianist who was popular during the 1960s.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Blue-eyed soul (also known as white soul) is rhythm and blues and soul music performed by white artists.
Robert Dwayne Womack (March 4, 1944 – June 27, 2014) was an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Booker T. & the M.G.'s is an instrumental R&B/funk band that was influential in shaping the sound of Southern soul and Memphis soul.
Booker Taliaferro Jones, Jr. (born November 12, 1944) is an American multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, record producer and arranger, best known as the frontman of the band Booker T. & the M.G.'s.
Brian Holland (born February 15, 1941) is an American songwriter and record producer, best known as a member of Holland–Dozier–Holland, the songwriting and production team that was responsible for much of the Motown sound and numerous hit records by artists such as Martha and the Vandellas, The Supremes, The Four Tops, and The Isley Brothers.
"Bring It on Home to Me" is a song by American soul singer Sam Cooke, released on May 8, 1962 by RCA Victor.
The British Invasion was a cultural phenomenon of the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom and other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States and significant to rising "counterculture" on both sides of the Atlantic.
British soul, Brit soul, or (in a US context) the British soul invasion, is soul music performed by British artists.
Brown-eyed soul is a subgenre of soul music or rhythm and blues created and performed in the United States mainly by Latinos in Southern California during the 1960s, continuing through to the early 1980s.
In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually written in different parts of the music, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or in response to the first.
Cameo is an American soul-influenced funk group that formed in the early 1970s.
Carrie Lucas (October 1, 1945) is an American R&B musician, born in Carmel, California.
Chess Records was an American record company, founded in 1950 in Chicago and specializing in blues and rhythm and blues.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chicago soul is a style of soul music that arose during the 1960s in Chicago.
Lincoln Wayne "Chips" Moman (June 12, 1937 – June 13, 2016) was an American record producer, guitarist, and Grammy Award-winning songwriter.
Chris Hunt is a British journalist, magazine editor, and author.
Christophe Kenner (December 25, 1929 – January 25, 1976) was a New Orleans R&B singer and songwriter, best known for two hit singles in the early 1960s, which became staples in the repertoires of many other musicians.
Christina María Aguilera (born December 18, 1980) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and television personality.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
A clap is the percussive sound made by striking together two flat surfaces, as in the body parts of humans or animals.
The Clavinet is an electrically amplified clavichord that was invented by Ernst Zacharias and manufactured by the Hohner company of Trossingen, West Germany from 1964 to the early 1980s.
Clyde Lensley McPhatter (November 15, c. 1932 – June 13, 1972) was an American rhythm and blues, soul and rock and roll singer.
Commodores are an American funk/soul band, which was at its peak in the late 1970s through the mid 1980s.
Con Funk Shun (formerly known as Project Soul) is an American R&B and funk band whose popularity began in the mid-1970s and ran through the 1980s.
Contemporary R&B (also known as simply R&B), is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, pop, soul, funk, hip hop, and electronic music.
Crossover is a term applied to musical works or performers who appeal to different types of audience, for example (especially in the United States) by appearing on two or more of the record charts which track differing musical styles or genres.
"Cry to Me" is a song written by Bert Berns (listed as "Bert Russell") and first recorded by American soul singer Solomon Burke in 1961.
Curtis Lee Mayfield (June 3, 1942 – December 26, 1999) was an American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record producer, and one of the most influential musicians behind soul and politically conscious African-American music.
Dan Penn (born Wallace Daniel Pennington, 16 November 1941) is an American singer, musician, songwriter, and record producer who co-wrote many soul hits of the 1960s, including "The Dark End of the Street" and "Do Right Woman, Do Right Man" with Chips Moman and "Cry Like a Baby" with Spooner Oldham.
David Edward Godin (21 June 1936, Peckham, London – 15 October 2004, Rotherham, England) was an English fan of American soul music, who made a major contribution internationally in spreading awareness and understanding of the genre, and by extension African-American culture.
David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer-songwriter and actor.
Dee Clark (November 7, 1938 – December 7, 1990) was an American soul singer best known for a string of R&B and pop hits in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including the song "Raindrops," which became a million-seller in the United States in 1961.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Diana Ernestine Ross (born March 26, 1944) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and record producer.
Richard Gilbert "Dick" Griffey (November 16, 1938 – September 24, 2010) was an American record producer and music promoter who founded SOLAR Records, an acronym for "Sound of Los Angeles Records".
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
"Do Right Woman, Do Right Man" (also written "Do Right Woman — Do Right Man") is a single by Aretha Franklin.
Donald Cortez "Don" Cornelius (September 27, 1936 – February 1, 2012) was an American television show host and producer who was best known as the creator of the nationally syndicated dance and music show Soul Train, which he hosted from 1971 until 1993.
Donald "Don" Davis (October 25, 1938 – June 5, 2014) was an American record producer, songwriter and guitarist who combined a career in music with one in banking.
Donald "Duck" Dunn (November 24, 1941 – May 13, 2012) was an American bass guitarist, session musician, record producer, and songwriter.
Doo-wop is a genre of rhythm and blues music that was developed in African-American communities in the East Coast of the United States in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Downtempo (sometimes used synonymously with "trip hop") is a genre of electronic music similar to ambient music, but with a greater emphasis on beats and a less "earthy" sound than trip hop.
Barret Eugene "Barry" Hansen (born April 2, 1941), better known as Dr.
Drum and bass (also written as "drum 'n' bass" or "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), is a genre and branch of electronic music which emerged from rave and jungle scenes in Britain during the early 1990s.
Duffy (born 23 June 1984 as Amy Anne Duffy) is a Welsh singer, songwriter and actress.
Mary Isobel Catherine Bernadette O'Brien (16 April 1939 – 2 March 1999), professionally known as Dusty Springfield, was an English pop singer and record producer whose career extended from the late 1950s to the 1990s.
Earth, Wind & Fire (EWF) is an American band that has spanned the musical genres of R&B, soul, funk, jazz, disco, pop, rock, Latin, and Afro pop.
Edward "Eddie" Holland Jr. (born October 30, 1939) is an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Edward James Kendrick (December 17, 1939 – October 5, 1992), best known by the stage name Eddie Kendricks, was an American singer and songwriter.
Electro (or electro-funk).
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Ernest Kador Jr. (February 22, 1933 – July 5, 2001), known by the stage name Ernie K-Doe, was an African-American rhythm-and-blues singer best known for his 1961 hit single "Mother-in-Law", which went to number 1 on the Billboard pop chart in the U.S.
Estelle Fanta Swaray (born 18 January 1980), simply known as Estelle, is an English singer, songwriter, rapper, record producer, and actress from West London, England.
Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins; January 25, 1938 – January 20, 2012) was an American singer who performed in various genres, including blues, R&B, soul, rock and roll, jazz and gospel.
FAME (Florence Alabama Music Enterprises) Studios are located at 603 East Avalon Avenue in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, an area of northern Alabama known as the Shoals.
Antoine "Fats" Domino Jr. (February 26, 1928 – October 24, 2017) was an American pianist and singer-songwriter.
The Five Stairsteps, known as "The First Family of Soul", were an American Chicago soul group made up of five of Betty and Clarence Burke Sr.'s six children: Alohe Jean, Clarence Jr., James, Dennis, and Kenneth "Keni", and briefly, Cubie.
FM broadcasting is a method of radio broadcasting using frequency modulation (FM) technology.
The Four Tops are a vocal quartet from Detroit, Michigan, USA, who helped to define the city's Motown sound of the 1960s.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
Kenneth Gamble (born August 11, 1943, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) and Leon A. Huff (born April 8, 1942, Camden, New Jersey) are an American songwriting and production team credited for developing the Philadelphia soul music genre (also known as Philly sound) of the 1970s.
Gene Chandler (born Eugene Drake Dixon, July 6, 1937) nicknamed "The Duke of Earl" or simply "The Duke", is an American singer, songwriter, talent scout, music producer and record label executive.
Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou (25 June 1963 – 25 December 2016), known professionally as George Michael, was an English singer, songwriter, record producer, and philanthropist who rose to fame as a member of the music duo Wham! He was widely known for his work in the 1980s and 1990s, including hit singles such as "Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" and "Last Christmas", and albums such as Faith (1987) and Listen Without Prejudice Vol. 1 (1990).
This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
Daryl Hall and John Oates, often referred to as Hall & Oates, are an American musical duo.
The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935.
Hank Ballard (born John Henry Kendricks; November 18, 1927 – March 2, 2003) was a rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, the lead vocalist of Hank Ballard and the Midnighters and one of the first rock and roll artists to emerge in the early 1950s.
Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes were an American R&B/Soul vocal group, one of the most popular Philadelphia soul groups of the 1970s.
Herbert C. Abramson (November 16, 1916 – November 9, 1999) was an American record company executive, record producer, and co-founder of Atlantic Records.
Hi Records was an American soul music and rockabilly label started in Memphis, Tennessee in 1957 by singer Ray Harris, record store owner Joe Cuoghi, Bill Cantrell and Quinton Claunch (formerly producers for Sun Records), and three silent partners, including Cuoghi's lawyer, Nick Pesce.
The Hi Rhythm Section was the house band for hit soul albums by several artists, including Al Green and Ann Peebles, on Willie Mitchell's Hi Records label in the 1970s.
High fidelity (often shortened to hi-fi or hifi) is a term used by listeners, audiophiles and home audio enthusiasts to refer to high-quality reproduction of sound.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Hip hop soul is a subgenre of contemporary R&B music, most popular during the early and mid 1990s, which fuses rhythm and blues/gospel singing with hip hop musical production.
A horn section is a group of musicians playing horns.
The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop/Rap Songs is a record chart that ranks the most popular R&B and hip hop songs in the United States and is published weekly by Billboard.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
Howard University (HU or simply Howard) is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university (HBCU) in Washington, D.C. It is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with higher research activity and is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
Huey Pierce Smith, known as Huey "Piano" Smith (born January 26, 1934, New Orleans, Louisiana), is an American rhythm-and-blues pianist whose sound was influential in the development of rock and roll.
"I Got a Woman" (originally titled "I've Got a Woman") is a song co-written and recorded by American R&B and soul musician Ray Charles.
"I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)" is a 1967 soul single released by American recording artist Aretha Franklin.
Irma Thomas (born February 18, 1941, Ponchatoula, Louisiana, United States) is an American singer from New Orleans.
Jack Leroy "Jackie" Wilson Jr. (June 9, 1934 – January 21, 1984) was an American soul singer and performer.
James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader.
James Edward Carr (June 13, 1942 – January 7, 2001), was an American rhythm and blues and soul singer, described as "one of the greatest pure vocalists that deep Southern soul ever produced.".
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jerry Butler, Jr. (born December 8, 1939) is an American soul singer-songwriter and politician.
Johnnie Harrison Taylor (May 5, 1934 – May 31, 2000) was a three-time Grammy-nominated American recording artist and songwriter who performed a wide variety of genres, from blues, rhythm and blues, soul, and gospel to pop, doo-wop, and disco.
Jon Landau (born May 14, 1947) is an American music critic, manager, and record producer.
Joscelyn Eve Stoker (born 11 April 1987), better known by her stage name Joss Stone, is an English singer, songwriter and actress.
Autry DeWalt Mixon Jr. (June 14, 1931 – November 23, 1995), known by the stage name Junior Walker, styled as Jr.
Just Out Of Reach is an album by pop singer Perry Como released by RCA Records in 1975.
William "Kedar" Massenburg (born 1964) is an American record producer and record label executive, who was the president of Motown Records from 1997 to 2004.
Lakeside is a funk band, best known for their 1980 number one R&B hit, "Fantastic Voyage".
Lamont Herbert Dozier (DŌ-zhər; born June 16, 1941) is an American songwriter and record producer, born in Detroit, Michigan.
Larry Graham Jr. (born August 14, 1946) is an American bass guitar player, both with the psychedelic soul/funk band Sly and the Family Stone, and as the founder and frontman of Graham Central Station.
Latin soul (and related Boogaloo) was a short lived musical genre which developed in the 1960s in New York City.
Irving Lee Dorsey (December 24, 1924 – December 1, 1986) was an African American pop and R&B singer during the 1960s.
Leona Louise Lewis (born 3 April 1985) is a British singer, songwriter and animal welfare campaigner.
Lisa Jane Stansfield (born 11 April 1966) is an English singer, songwriter and actress.
This is a list of soul musicians who have either been influential within the genre, or have had a considerable amount of fame.
Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known as Little Richard, is an American musician, songwriter, singer, and actor.
Major Lance (April 4, 1939, 1941Soul music A-Z 1995 p. 185 or 1942The golden age of American rock 'n roll: Volume 3; 2002 p. 556Rhythm and Blues, Rap, and Hip-hop p. 161 – September 3, 1994) was an American R&B singer.
Martha and the Vandellas (known from 1967 to 1972 as Martha Reeves and the Vandellas) were an American all-female vocal group formed in 1957.
Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay Jr.; April 2, 1939 – April 1, 1984) was an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943 – July 26, 1992) was an American singer who helped to define the emerging sound of Motown in the early 1960s.
David Melvin English (October 12, 1942 – February 23, 1995) better known by the stage name Melvin Franklin, or his nickname "Blue", was an American bass singer.
Memphis soul, also known as the Memphis sound, was the most prominent strain of Southern soul.
Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer.
Modern soul is a style of music with associated clothing and dance styles (precursors to the disco era), that developed in Northern England in the early 1970s.
The Monterey International Pop Music Festival was a three-day concert event held June 16 to June 18, 1967 at the Monterey County Fairgrounds in Monterey, California.
Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Motown is an American record company.
The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, also known as the Swampers, is a group of American studio musicians playing soul, R&B, rock and roll and country, based in the city of Muscle Shoals, Alabama.
Muscle Shoals Sound Studio at 3614 Jackson Highway in Sheffield, Alabama was formed in 1969 by four session musicians called The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section (and affectionately called The Swampers) who had left Rick Hall's nearby FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals to create their own recording facility.
Muscle Shoals is the largest city in Colbert County, Alabama, United States.
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions.
Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.
Musicology is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music.
Neo soul is a genre of popular music.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New Orleans soul is a musical style derived from the soul music which has a large influence of the Gospel (music).
A nightclub, music club or club, is an entertainment venue and bar that usually operates late into the night.
Northern England, also known simply as the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area.
Northern soul is a music and dance movement that emerged in Northern England in the late 1960s from the British mod scene, based on a particular style of black American soul music, especially in the mid-1960s, with a heavy beat and fast tempo.
Nu jazz, also known as jazztronica, is a genre of jazz and contemporary electronic music.
Overton Vertis "O.
Okeh Records is an American record label founded by the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corporation, a phonograph supplier established in 1916, which branched out into phonograph records in 1918.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
Otis Lee Clay (February 11, 1942 – January 8, 2016) was an American R&B and soul singer, who started in gospel music.
Otis Ray Redding Jr. (September 9, 1941 – December 10, 1967) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, arranger, and talent scout.
Parliament-Funkadelic (abbreviated as P-Funk) is an American funk music collective of rotating musicians headed by George Clinton, primarily consisting of the individual bands Parliament and Funkadelic, both active since the 1960s.
Paul Williams (July 2, 1939 – August 17, 1973) was an American baritone singer and choreographer.
Peabo Bryson (born Robert Peapo Bryson; April 13, 1951, given name changed from "Peapo" to Peabo c. 1965) is an American R&B and soul singer-songwriter, born in Greenville, South Carolina.
Percy Tyrone Sledge (November 25, 1940 – April 14, 2015) was an American R&B, soul and gospel singer.
Peter Guralnick (born December 15, 1943, in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American music critic, author, and screenwriter.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philadelphia International Records (PIR) is an American record label based in Philadelphia.
Philadelphia soul, sometimes called Philly soul, the Philadelphia sound, or TSOP, is a genre of late 1960s–1970s soul music characterized by funk influences and lush instrumental arrangements, often featuring sweeping strings and piercing horns.
The Pilgrim Travelers were a gospel group popular in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
Project MUSE, a non-profit collaboration between libraries and publishers, is an online database of peer-reviewed academic journals and electronic books.
Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.
Psychedelic soul, sometimes called black rock, is a music genre that emerged in the late 1960s which saw soul musicians embrace elements of psychedelic rock, including its production techniques, instrumentation, effects units (wah-wah, phaser, etc.) and drug influences.
Quiet storm is a radio format and a "super genre" of contemporary R&B, jazz fusion and pop music that is characterized by understated, mellow dynamics, slow tempos, and relaxed rhythms.
Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004), known professionally as Ray Charles, was an American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer.
A record label, or record company, is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos.
A record producer or track producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album.
"Reet Petite (The Sweetest Girl in Town)" (originally subtitled "The Finest Girl You Ever Want to Meet") is a song made popular by Jackie Wilson.
"Respect" is a song written and originally released by American recording artist Otis Redding in 1965.
The Rhodes piano (also known as the Fender Rhodes piano or simply Fender Rhodes or Rhodes) is an electric piano invented by Harold Rhodes, which became particularly popular throughout the 1970s.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll.
Sade are an English band, formed in London in 1982, and named after their lead singer, Sade Adu.
Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur.
Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saeculum meaning "worldly", "of a generation", "temporal", or a span of about 100 years) is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.
Shalamar is an American R&B and soul music vocal group, active in the mid-1970s and throughout the 1980s, that was originally a disco-driven vehicle created by Soul Train booking agent Dick Griffey and show creator and producer Don Cornelius.
Simply Red are a British soul and pop band which formed in 1983 in Manchester.
Sly and the Family Stone was an American band from San Francisco.
William "Smokey" Robinson Jr. (born February 19, 1940) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and former record executive.
Smooth soul is a subgenre of soul music that developed in the early 1970s from soul, funk and pop music in the United States.
Soft rock (or lite rock) is a subgenre of pop rock that largely features acoustic guitars and slow-to-mid tempos.
SOLAR (acronym for Sound of Los Angeles Records) was an American record label founded in 1977 by Dick Griffey, reconstituted out of Soul Train Records only two years after it was founded with Soul Train television show host and creator Don Cornelius.
Solomon Burke (born James Solomon McDonald, March 21, 1940 – October 10, 2010) was an American preacher and singer who shaped the sound of rhythm and blues as one of the founding fathers of soul music in the 1960s.
A songwriter is a professional who is paid to write lyrics for singers and melodies for songs, typically for a popular music genre such as rock or country music.
Soul blues is a style of blues music developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s that combines elements of soul music and urban contemporary music.
Soul II Soul are a British musical group formed in London in 1988.
Soul jazz is a development of jazz incorporating strong influences from blues, soul, gospel and rhythm and blues in music for small groups, often an organ trio featuring a Hammond organ.
Soul Train is an American music-dance television program which aired in syndication from October 2, 1971 to March 27, 2006.
Southern soul is a type of soul music that emerged from the Southern United States.
"Stand by Me" is a song, originally performed by American singer-songwriter Ben E. King, and written by King, Jerry Leiber, and Mike Stoller.
Stax Records is an American record label, originally based in Memphis, Tennessee.
Steven Lee Cropper (born October 21, 1941) is an American guitarist, songwriter and record producer.
Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
Sylvester Thompson (born July 1, 1936), known professionally as Syl Johnson, is an American blues and soul singer and record producer.
The tambourine is a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils".
Tammi Terrell (born Thomasina Winifred Montgomery; April 29, 1945 – March 16, 1970) was an American recording artist, best known as a star singer for Motown Records during the 1960s, most notably for a series of duets with singer Marvin Gaye.
TDR: The Drama Review is an academic journal focusing on performances in their social, economic, aesthetic, and political contexts.
Theodore DeReese "Teddy" Pendergrass (March 26, 1950 – January 13, 2010) was an American singer.
The Tennessee Valley is the drainage basin of the Tennessee River and is largely within the U.S. state of Tennessee.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s.
The Daily Voice was a U.S. online news site for African-American readers.
The Delfonics are an American R&B/soul vocal group from Philadelphia.
The Dells were an American R&B vocal group.
The Detroit Emeralds were an American R&B/soul vocal group, best known in the early 1970s.
The Dramatics (formerly The Dynamics) are an American soul music vocal group, formed in Detroit, Michigan, in 1964.
The Fascinations were an American pop vocal group most active in the mid-1960s.
The Funk Brothers were a group of Detroit-based session musicians who performed the backing to most Motown recordings from 1959 until the company moved to Los Angeles in 1972.
The Impressions are an American music group originally formed in 1958.
The Intruders were an American soul music group most popular in the 1960s and 1970s.
The Jackson 5, or Jackson Five, currently known as the Jacksons, are an American family music group.
The Mar-Keys, formed in 1958, were an American studio session band for Stax Records, in Memphis, Tennessee, in the 1960s.
The Marvelettes was an American girl group that achieved popularity in the early- to mid-1960s.
The Meters are an American funk band formed in 1965 by Zigaboo Modeliste (drums), George Porter Jr. (bass), Leo Nocentelli (guitar), and Art Neville (keyboards) in New Orleans, Louisiana.
The Miracles (also known as Smokey Robinson and the Miracles from 1965 to 1972) were an American rhythm and blues vocal group that was the first successful recording act for Berry Gordy's Motown Records, and one of the most important and influential groups in pop, rock and roll, and R&B music history.
The O'Jays are an American R&B group from Canton, Ohio, formed in 1958 and originally consisting of Eddie Levert (born June 16, 1942), Walter Williams (born August 25, 1943), William Powell (January 20, 1942 – May 26, 1977), Bobby Massey and Bill Isles.
The Soul Stirrers are an American gospel music group, whose career spans over eighty years.
The Spinners are an American rhythm and blues vocal group that formed in Detroit, Michigan, in 1954.
The Staple Singers were an American gospel, soul and R&B singing group.
The Stylistics are a Philadelphia soul group that achieved its greatest chart success in the 1970s.
The Supremes were an American female singing group and the premier act of Motown Records during the 1960s.
The Temptations are an American vocal group who released a series of successful singles and albums with Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s.
"The Tracks of My Tears" is a song written by Smokey Robinson, Pete Moore, and Marv Tarplin.
The Unifics were an American soul group from Washington, D.C..
The Whispers are an American group from Los Angeles, California, who have scored hit records since the late 1960s.
Thomas Randolph Bell (born January 26, 1943) is a Jamaican-born American songwriter, arranger, and record producer known as one of the creators of Philadelphia soul in the 1970s.
TiVo Corporation (formerly Rovi Corporation and Macrovision Solutions Corporation) is an American technology company.
Sir Thomas John Woodward (born 7 June 1940), also known by his stage name Tom Jones, is a Welsh singer.
Tower of Power is an American R&B-based horn section and band, originating in Oakland, California, that has been performing since 1968.
Traditional black gospel is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding African American Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music.
UK garage (also known as UKG) is a genre of electronic music originating from England in the early 1990s.
Vee-Jay Records is an American record label founded in the 1950s, located in Chicago and specializing in blues, jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
War (originally called Eric Burdon and War) is an American funk band from Long Beach, California, known for several hit songs (including "Spill the Wine", "The World Is a Ghetto", "The Cisco Kid", "Why Can't We Be Friends?", "Low Rider", and "Summer").
Wayne Lamar Jackson (November 24, 1941 – June 21, 2016) was an American soul and R&B musician, playing the trumpet in the Mar-Keys, in the house band at Stax Records and later as one of The Memphis Horns, described as "arguably the greatest soul horn section ever".
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
William Lawrence Mitchell (March 1, 1928 – January 5, 2010) was an American trumpeter, bandleader, soul, R&B, rock and roll, pop and funk record producer and arranger who ran Royal Studios in Memphis, Tennessee.
Wilson Pickett (March 18, 1941 – January 19, 2006) was an American singer and songwriter.
The Wurlitzer electronic piano, commonly called the Wurlitzer electric piano was an electric piano manufactured and marketed by Wurlitzer from the mid-1950s to the early 1980s.
"You Send Me" is a song written and originally recorded by American singer Sam Cooke, released as a single in 1957 by Keen Records.
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