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Sound film

Index Sound film

A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. [1]

269 relations: Aafa-Film, Abbie Mitchell, Abram Room, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Akira Kurosawa, Al Jolson, Alam Ara, Alberto Cavalcanti, Aldous Huxley, Alfred Hitchcock, All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film), American Federation of Musicians, American Fotoplayer, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Animated cartoon, Applause (1929 film), Arc lamp, Ardeshir Irani, Associated British Picture Corporation, Audion, Ayodhyecha Raja, Épinay-sur-Seine, Béla Balázs, Bell Labs, Ben Bernie, Benshi, Blackmail (1929 film), Boom operator (media), Bringing Up Baby, British Lion Films, Buster Keaton, Calvin Coolidge, Cecil B. DeMille, Celluloid, Charles "Chic" Sale, Charles Lindbergh, Charlie Chaplin, Chunhyangga, Cinema of India, Cinema of Japan, Cinema of the United States, City Lights, Clark Gable, Colleen Moore, Columbia Pictures, D. W. Griffith, David Bordwell, Dénes Mihály, Die Nibelungen, Dinner Time (film), ..., Distortion, Don Juan (1926 film), Dorothy Parker, Douglas Fairbanks, Dream Street (film), Dubbing (filmmaking), Dynamic range, Dziga Vertov, Eadweard Muybridge, Earth (1930 film), Eddie Cantor, Elstree Studios, Emil Jannings, Emile Berliner, Eric Tigerstedt, Ernst Ruhmer, Eugene Augustin Lauste, Exposition Universelle (1900), Exposure (photography), Extra (acting), F. W. Murnau, Famous Players-Lasky, Feature film, Film Booking Offices of America, Film score, First National Pictures, Fox Film, Frame rate, Frank E. Woods, Freeman Harrison Owens, Frequency response, Fritz Lang, G. W. Pabst, General Electric, Genre, Gloria Swanson, Great Depression, Greta Garbo, Harold Lloyd, Heer Ranjha, History of film, Hoot Gibson, Howard Hawks, I Kiss Your Hand, Madame, Il Cinema Ritrovato, Incandescence, Inder Sabha, India, Interlock (engineering), International Sound Version, It's You I Have Loved, J. Searle Dawley, Jack L. Warner, James Cagney, James R. Quirk, Janet Gaynor, Jean Chiappe, Jean Vigo, Jeanette MacDonald, Jehovah's Witnesses, Joan Blondell, Joan Crawford, John Barrymore, John Gilbert (actor), Joinville-le-Pont, Joris Ivens, Josef von Sternberg, Joseph Tykociński-Tykociner, Kalidas (film), Kenji Mizoguchi, Kinetoscope, Kolhapur, Kolkata, L'Age d'Or, L'Atalante, Lahore, Léon Gaumont, Le Million, Lee de Forest, Lewis Milestone, Lights of New York (1928 film), Lillian Gish, List of early Warner Bros. sound and talking features, List of film sound systems, Lou Lichtveld, Loudspeaker, Louise Brooks, Luis Buñuel, M (1931 film), Maharashtra, Marx Brothers, Mary Pickford, Max Reinhardt, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Mickey Mouse, Mikio Naruse, Modern Times (film), Motion Picture Association of America, Movie projector, Movietone News, Movietone sound system, Multiple-language version, Mumbai, Myrna Loy, Nathanael West, Naturalism (literature), Nero-Film, Nikkatsu, Nikolai Ekk, Noise (electronics), Norma Shearer, Norma Talmadge, Oliver Hardy, On with the Show! (1929 film), Optical sound, Oscar Levant, Oskar Messter, Our Dancing Daughters, Panchromatic film, Pandora's Box (1929 film), Pansori, Paramount Pictures, Part-talkie, Pathé, Paul Dessau, Paul Rotha, Paul Terry (cartoonist), Phil Baker (comedian), Phonofilm, Phonograph, Phonograph cylinder, Phonograph record, Photographophone, Photokinema, Photophone, Photoplay, Pittsburgh Press, Producers Distributing Corporation, Punjab, Rachael Low, RCA, RCA Photophone, René Clair, Richard Tauber, RKO Pictures, Road to Life (1931 film), Robert E. Sherwood, Robert J. Flaherty, Roger Ebert, Ronald Colman, Rouben Mamoulian, Roxy Theatre (New York City), Ruby Myers, Rudolf Arnheim, Russian formalism, Sam Warner, Sati Sulochana, Sergei Eisenstein, Shakeout, Shochiku, Short film, Siegfried Kracauer, Silent film, Singin' in the Rain, Slow motion, Société française de photographie, Sonny Boy (song), Sound effect, Sound stage, Sound-on-disc, Sound-on-film, Soundtrack, Sponsored film, Stan Laurel, Steamboat Willie, Studio system, Subtitle (captioning), Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans, Synchronization, Tabu: A Story of the South Seas, Tamil Nadu, Tenderloin (film), The Better 'Ole (1926 film), The Blue Angel, The Jazz Singer, The King of Kings (1927 film), The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, The Photo-Drama of Creation, The Singing Fool, Theodore Case, Theodore Case Sound Test: Gus Visser and His Singing Duck, Thomas Edison, Time Out (magazine), Time-lapse photography, Tri-Ergon, UFA GmbH, Una Merkel, United Artists, Universal Pictures, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Vacuum tube, Viktor Shklovsky, Vitagraph Studios, Vitaphone, Vsevolod Pudovkin, Wall Street Crash of 1929, Walt Disney, Walter Ruttmann, Warner Bros., Western (genre), Western Electric, Westfront 1918, Will H. Hays, William Faulkner, William Powell, Wings (1927 film), Yasujirō Ozu, Zoopraxiscope, 7th Heaven (1927 film). Expand index (219 more) »

Aafa-Film

Aafa Film or Aafa-Film was a German film production and distribution company which operated during the 1920s and 1930s.

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Abbie Mitchell

Abriea "Abbie" Mitchell Cook (25 September 1884 – 16 March 1960), also billed as Abbey Mitchell, was an American soprano opera singer who sang the role of "Clara" in the premier production of George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess in 1935, and was also the first to record "Summertime" from that musical.

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Abram Room

Abram Matveyevich Room (Абрам Метвеевич Роом; 28 June 1894 in Wilno, Russian Empire (now Vilnius, Lithuania) – 26 July 1976 in Moscow) was a Russian film director.

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Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.

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Akira Kurosawa

was a Japanese film director and screenwriter, who directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years.

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Al Jolson

Al or Albert Jolson (born Asa Yoelson; May 26, c.1886 – October 23, 1950) was an American singer, comedian, and stage and film actor.

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Alam Ara

Alam Ara (translation: The Ornament of the World) was a 1931 Indian film directed by Ardeshir Irani.

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Alberto Cavalcanti

Alberto de Almeida Cavalcanti (February 6, 1897 – August 23, 1982) was a Brazilian-born film director and producer.

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Aldous Huxley

Aldous Leonard Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer, novelist, philosopher, and prominent member of the Huxley family.

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Alfred Hitchcock

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers in the history of cinema.

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All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film)

All Quiet on the Western Front is a 1930 American epic pre-Code war film based on the Erich Maria Remarque novel of the same name.

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American Federation of Musicians

The American Federation of Musicians of the United States and Canada (AFM/AFofM) is a 501(c)(5) labor union representing professional musicians in the United States and Canada.

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American Fotoplayer

The American Fotoplayer is a type of photoplayer developed by the American Photo Player Co.

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American Institute of Electrical Engineers

The American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) was a United States-based organization of electrical engineers that existed from 1884 through 1962.

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Animated cartoon

An animated cartoon is a film for the cinema, television or computer screen, which is made using sequential drawings, as opposed to animation in general, which include films made using clay, puppets, 3-D modeling and other means.

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Applause (1929 film)

Applause is a 1929 black-and-white backstage musical talkie, shot at Paramount's Astoria Studios in Astoria, New York, during the early years of sound films.

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Arc lamp

An arc lamp or arc light is a lamp that produces light by an electric arc (also called a voltaic arc).

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Ardeshir Irani

Khan Bahadur Ardeshir Irani (5 December 1886 – 14 October 1969); popularly known as Ardeshir Irani, was a writer, director, producer, actor, film distributor, film showman and cinematographer in the silent and sound eras of early Indian cinema.

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Associated British Picture Corporation

Associated British Picture Corporation (ABPC), originally British International Pictures (BIP), was a British film production, distribution and exhibition company active from 1927 until 1970 when it was absorbed into EMI.

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Audion

The Audion was an electronic detecting or amplifying vacuum tube invented by American electrical engineer Lee de Forest in 1906.

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Ayodhyecha Raja

Ayodhyecha Raja, literally "The King of Ayodhya", was the first Marathi talkie, released in 1932, directed by Shantaram Rajaram Vankudre (V. Shantaram).

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Épinay-sur-Seine

Épinay-sur-Seine is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Béla Balázs

Béla Balázs (4 August 1884, Szeged – 17 May 1949, Budapest), born Herbert Bauer, was a Hungarian-Jewish film critic, aesthete, writer and poet.

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Bell Labs

Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.

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Ben Bernie

Ben Bernie (May 30, 1891 – October 23, 1943),DeLong, Thomas A. (1996).

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Benshi

were Japanese performers who provided live narration for silent films (both Japanese films and Western films).

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Blackmail (1929 film)

Blackmail is a 1929 British thriller drama film directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Anny Ondra, John Longden, and Cyril Ritchard.

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Boom operator (media)

A boom operator is an assistant of the production sound mixer.

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Bringing Up Baby

Bringing Up Baby is a 1938 American screwball comedy film directed by Howard Hawks, starring Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant, and released by RKO Radio Pictures.

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British Lion Films

British Lion Films is a film production and distribution company active under several forms since 1919.

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Buster Keaton

Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American actor, comedian, film director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer.

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Calvin Coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an American politician and the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).

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Cecil B. DeMille

Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was an American filmmaker.

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Celluloid

Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.

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Charles "Chic" Sale

Charles Partlow "Chic" Sale (August 25, 1885 – November 7, 1936) was an American actor and vaudevillian.

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Charles Lindbergh

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Lucky Lindy, The Lone Eagle, and Slim was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist.

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Charlie Chaplin

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.

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Chunhyangga

Chunhyangga is the most famous pansori (musical story telling) in Korea, having had considerable popularity in the country for the past century.

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Cinema of India

The Cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India.

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Cinema of Japan

The has a history that spans more than 100 years.

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Cinema of the United States

The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.

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City Lights

City Lights is a 1931 American pre-Code silent romantic comedy film written, produced, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin.

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Clark Gable

William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an American film actor and military officer, often referred to as "The King of Hollywood" or just simply as "The King".

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Colleen Moore

Colleen Moore (born Kathleen Morrison, August 19, 1899 – January 25, 1988) was an American film actress who began her career during the silent film era.

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Columbia Pictures

Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. (commonly known as Columbia Pictures and Columbia, formerly CBC Film Sales Corporation, and stylized as COLUMBIA) is an American film studio, production company and film distributor that is a member of the Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group, a division of Sony Entertainment's Sony Pictures subsidiary of the Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony Corporation.

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D. W. Griffith

David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.

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David Bordwell

David Bordwell (born July 23, 1947) is an American film theorist and film historian.

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Dénes Mihály

Dénes Mihály (7 July 1894, Gödöllő – 29 August 1953, West-Berlin) was a Hungarian inventor, engineer.

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Die Nibelungen

Die Nibelungen (The Nibelungs) is a series of two silent fantasy films created by Austrian director Fritz Lang in 1924: Die Nibelungen: Siegfried and Die Nibelungen: Kriemhild's Revenge.

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Dinner Time (film)

Dinner Time (1928) is an American animated short subject produced by Amadee J. Van Beuren, directed by Paul Terry, co-directed by John Foster, and produced at Van Beuren Studios.

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Distortion

Distortion is the alteration of the original shape (or other characteristic) of something.

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Don Juan (1926 film)

Don Juan is a 1926 American romantic Adventure film directed by Alan Crosland.

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Dorothy Parker

Dorothy Parker (née Rothschild; August 22, 1893 – June 7, 1967) was an American poet, writer, critic, and satirist, best known for her wit, wisecracks, and eye for 20th-century urban foibles.

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Douglas Fairbanks

Douglas Fairbanks (born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman; May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer.

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Dream Street (film)

Dream Street is a 1921 American silent romantic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith, and starring Carol Dempster, Charles Emmett Mack, and Ralph Graves in a story about a love triangle set in London, and based on two short stories by Thomas Burke, "Gina of Chinatown" and "Song of the Lamp".

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Dubbing (filmmaking)

Dubbing, mixing or re-recording is a post-production process used in filmmaking and video production in which additional or supplementary recordings are "mixed" with original production sound to create the finished soundtrack.

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Dynamic range

Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.

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Dziga Vertov

Dziga Vertov (Дзига Вертов; born David Abelevich Kaufman, Дави́д А́белевич Ка́уфман., and also known as Denis Kaufman; 2 January 1896 – 12 February 1954) was a Soviet pioneer documentary film and newsreel director, as well as a cinema theorist.

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Eadweard Muybridge

Eadweard Muybridge (9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904, born Edward James Muggeridge) was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection.

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Earth (1930 film)

Earth (Земля, translit. Zemlya) is a 1930 Soviet silent film by Ukrainian director Alexander Dovzhenko, concerning the process of collectivization and the hostility of Kulak landowners.

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Eddie Cantor

Eddie Cantor (born Edward Israel Itzkowitz, January 31, 1892 – October 10, 1964) was an American "illustrated song" performer, comedian, dancer, singer, actor, and songwriter.

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Elstree Studios

Elstree Studios is a generic term which can refer to several current and defunct British film studios and television studios based in or around the towns of Borehamwood and Elstree in Hertfordshire.

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Emil Jannings

Emil Jannings (born Theodor Friedrich Emil Janenz, 23 July 1884 – 2 January 1950) was a German actor, popular in 1920s film in Hollywood.

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Emile Berliner

Emile Berliner (May 20, 1851 – August 3, 1929), originally Emil Berliner, was a German-born American inventor.

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Eric Tigerstedt

Eric Magnus Campbell Tigerstedt (August 14, 1887 – April 20, 1925) was one of the most significant inventors in Finland at the beginning of the 20th century and has been called the "Thomas Edison of Finland".

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Ernst Ruhmer

Ernst Walter Ruhmer (April 15, 1878—April 8, 1913) was a German physicist.

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Eugene Augustin Lauste

Eugène Augustin Lauste (17 January 1857 in Montmartre, France – 27 June 1935 in Montclair, New Jersey) was a French inventor instrumental in the technological development of the history of cinema.

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Exposition Universelle (1900)

The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 14 April to 12 November 1900, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next.

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Exposure (photography)

In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane illuminance times the exposure time) reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance.

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Extra (acting)

A background actor or extra is a performer in a film, television show, stage, musical, opera or ballet production, who appears in a nonspeaking or nonsinging (silent) capacity, usually in the background (for example, in an audience or busy street scene).

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F. W. Murnau

Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (born Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe; December 28, 1888March 11, 1931) was a German film director.

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Famous Players-Lasky

Famous Players-Lasky Corporation was an American motion picture and distribution company created on July 19, 1916, from the merger of Adolph Zukor's Famous Players Film Company—originally formed by Zukor as Famous Players in Famous Plays—and the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company.

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Feature film

A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.

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Film Booking Offices of America

Film Booking Offices of America (FBO), also known as FBO Pictures Corporation, was an American film studio of the silent era, a producer and distributor of mostly low-budget films.

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Film score

A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film soundtrack, film music, or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.

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First National Pictures

First National Pictures was an American motion picture production and distribution company.

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Fox Film

The Fox Film Corporation was an American company that produced motion pictures, formed by William Fox on 1 February 1915.

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Frame rate

Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.

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Frank E. Woods

Frank E. Woods (1860 – 1 May 1939) was an American screenwriter of the silent era.

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Freeman Harrison Owens

Freeman Harrison Owens (July 20, 1890 – December 9, 1979), born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, the only child of Charles H. Owens and Christabel Harrison.

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Frequency response

Frequency response is the quantitative measure of the output spectrum of a system or device in response to a stimulus, and is used to characterize the dynamics of the system.

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Fritz Lang

Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor.

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G. W. Pabst

Georg Wilhelm Pabst (25 August 1885 – 29 May 1967), known professionally as G. W. Pabst, was an Austrian theatre and film director.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Genre

Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.

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Gloria Swanson

Gloria May Josephine Swanson (March 27, 1899 – April 4, 1983) was an American actress and producer best known for her role as Norma Desmond, a reclusive silent film star, in the critically acclaimed 1950 film Sunset Boulevard.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Greta Garbo

Greta Garbo (born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson; 18 September 1905 – 15 April 1990) was a Swedish film actress during the 1920s and 1930s.

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Harold Lloyd

Harold Clayton Lloyd Sr. (April 20, 1893 – March 8, 1971) was an American actor, comedian, director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer who is best known for his silent comedy films.

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Heer Ranjha

Heer Ranjha (ہیر رانجھا) is one of several popular tragic romances of Punjab.

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History of film

Although the start of the history of film is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of Lumière brothers' short films in Paris on 28 December 1895 can be regarded as the breakthrough of projected cinematographic motion pictures.

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Hoot Gibson

Hoot Gibson (August 6, 1892 – August 23, 1962) was an American rodeo champion and a pioneer cowboy film actor, director, and producer.

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Howard Hawks

Howard Winchester Hawks (May 30, 1896December 26, 1977) was an American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era.

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I Kiss Your Hand, Madame

Ich küsse Ihre Hand, Madame is a 1929 German drama film starring Marlene Dietrich.

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Il Cinema Ritrovato

Il Cinema Ritrovato (Cinema Rediscovered) is a festival dedicated to the rediscovery of rare and little-known films with a particular focus on cinema origins and the silent movie period.

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Incandescence

Incandescence is the emission of electromagnetic radiation (including visible light) from a hot body as a result of its temperature.

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Inder Sabha

Inder Sabha (Urdu: اِندر سبها) is an Urdu play and opera written by Agha Hasan Amanat, and first staged in 1853.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Interlock (engineering)

An interlock is a feature that makes the state of two mechanisms or functions mutually dependent.

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International Sound Version

International Sound Version is a term for a film in which all dialogue is replaced with music and foreign inter-titles.

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It's You I Have Loved

It's You I Have Loved (German: Dich hab ich geliebt) is a 1929 German drama film directed by Rudolf Walther-Fein and starring Mady Christians, Walter Jankuhn and Hans Stüwe.

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J. Searle Dawley

James Searle Dawley (May 13, 1877 – March 30, 1949) was an American director and screenwriter.

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Jack L. Warner

Jack Leonard "J.

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James Cagney

James Francis Cagney Jr. (July 17, 1899March 30, 1986) was an American actor and dancer, both on stage and in film, though he had his greatest impact in film.

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James R. Quirk

James R. Quirk (September 4, 1884 – August 1, 1932) was an American magazine editor of Irish descent.

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Janet Gaynor

Janet Gaynor (born Laura Augusta Gainor; October 6, 1906 – September 14, 1984) was an American film, stage and television actress and painter.

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Jean Chiappe

Jean Baptiste Pascal Eugène Chiappe (Ajaccio, 3 May 1878 – 27 November 1940) was a high-ranking French civil servant.

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Jean Vigo

Jean Vigo (26 April 1905 – 5 October 1934) was a French film director who helped establish poetic realism in film in the 1930s; he was a posthumous influence on the French New Wave of the late 1950s and early 1960s.

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Jeanette MacDonald

Jeanette Anna MacDonald (June 18, 1903 – January 14, 1965) was an American singer and actress best remembered for her musical films of the 1930s with Maurice Chevalier (The Love Parade, Love Me Tonight, The Merry Widow and One Hour With You) and Nelson Eddy (Naughty Marietta, Rose-Marie, and Maytime).

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Joan Blondell

Rose Joan Blondell (August 30, 1906 – December 25, 1979) was an American actress who performed in movies and on television for half a century.

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Joan Crawford

Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; March 23, c. 1904 – May 10, 1977) was an American film and television actress who began her career as a dancer and stage showgirl. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Crawford tenth on its list of the greatest female stars of Classic Hollywood Cinema. Beginning her career as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies, before debuting as a chorus girl on Broadway, Crawford signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925. In the 1930s, Crawford's fame rivaled, and later outlasted, MGM colleagues Norma Shearer and Greta Garbo. Crawford often played hard-working young women who find romance and success. These stories were well received by Depression-era audiences, and were popular with women. Crawford became one of Hollywood's most prominent movie stars, and one of the highest-paid women in the United States, but her films began losing money, and, by the end of the 1930s, she was labelled "box office poison". But her career gradually improved in the early 1940s, and she made a major comeback in 1945 by starring in Mildred Pierce, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She would go on to receive Best Actress nominations for Possessed (1947) and Sudden Fear (1952). She continued to act in film and television throughout the 1950s and 1960s; she achieved box office success with the highly successful horror film Whatever Happened To Baby Jane? (1962), in which she starred alongside Bette Davis, her long-time rival. In 1955, Crawford became involved with the Pepsi-Cola Company through her marriage to company Chairman Alfred Steele. After his death in 1959, Crawford was elected to fill his vacancy on the board of directors, serving until she was forcibly retired in 1973. After the release of the British horror film Trog in 1970, Crawford retired from the screen. Following a public appearance in 1974, after which unflattering photographs were published, Crawford withdrew from public life and became increasingly reclusive until her death in 1977. Crawford married four times. Her first three marriages ended in divorce; the last ended with the death of husband Alfred Steele. She adopted five children, one of whom was reclaimed by his birth mother. Crawford's relationships with her two elder children, Christina and Christopher, were acrimonious. Crawford disinherited the two, and, after Crawford's death, Christina wrote a well-known "tell-all" memoir titled Mommie Dearest (1978).

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John Barrymore

John Barrymore (born John Sidney Blyth; February 14 or 15, 1882 – May 29, 1942) was an American actor on stage, screen and radio.

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John Gilbert (actor)

John Gilbert (born John Cecil Pringle; July 10, 1899 – January 9, 1936) was an American actor, screenwriter and director.

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Joinville-le-Pont

Joinville-le-Pont is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Joris Ivens

Georg Henri Anton "Joris" Ivens (18 November 1898 – 28 June 1989) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker.

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Josef von Sternberg

Josef von Sternberg, (29 May 1894 – 22 December 1969) was an Austrian-American film director.

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Joseph Tykociński-Tykociner

Joseph Tykociński-Tykociner (also known as Joseph T. Tykociner; October 5, 1877 – June 11, 1969) was a Polish engineer and a pioneer of sound-on-film technology.

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Kalidas (film)

Kalidas is a 1931 Indian Tamil-language biographical film directed by H. M. Reddy and produced by Ardeshir Irani.

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Kenji Mizoguchi

was a Japanese film director and screenwriter.

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Kinetoscope

The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device.

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Kolhapur

Kolhapur is a historic city of Maharashtra.

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Kolkata

Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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L'Age d'Or

L'Age d'Or (L'Âge d'Or), commonly translated as The Golden Age or Age of Gold, is a 1930 French surrealist satirical comedy film directed by Luis Buñuel about the insanities of modern life, the hypocrisy of the sexual mores of bourgeois society and the value system of the Roman Catholic Church.

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L'Atalante

L'Atalante (also released as Le Chaland qui passe, ("The Passing Barge"), is a 1934 French film written and directed by Jean Vigo. Jean Dasté stars as Jean, the captain of a river barge who lives with his new wife Juliette (Dita Parlo) on the barge, along with first mate Père Jules (Michel Simon) and the cabin boy (Louis Lefebvre). After the difficult release of his controversial short film Zero for Conduct, Vigo initially wanted to make a film about Eugène Dieudonné, whom Vigo's father (famous anarchist Miguel Almereyda) had been associated with in 1913. After Vigo and his producer Jacques-Louis Nounez struggled to find the right project for a feature film, Nounez finally gave Vigo an unproduced screenplay by Jean Guinée about barge dwellers. Vigo re-wrote the story with Albert Riéra while Nounez secured a distribution deal with the Gaumont Film Company with a budget of ₣1 million. Vigo used many of the technicians and actors that worked with him on Zero for Conduct, such as cinematographer Boris Kaufman and actor Jean Dasté. It has been hailed by many critics as one of the greatest films of all time. BFI. Retrieved: 23 December 2012.

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Lahore

Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.

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Léon Gaumont

Léon Gaumont (10 May 1864 – 9 August 1946) was a French inventor, engineer, and industrialist who was a pioneer of the motion picture industry.

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Le Million

Le Million is a 1931 French musical comedy film directed by René Clair.The story was adapted by Clair from a play by Georges Berr and Marcel Guillemand.

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Lee de Forest

Lee de Forest (August 26, 1873 – June 30, 1961) was an American inventor, self-described "Father of Radio", and a pioneer in the development of sound-on-film recording used for motion pictures.

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Lewis Milestone

Lewis Milestone (born Leib Milstein; September 30, 1895 – September 25, 1980) was a Russian-born American motion picture director.

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Lights of New York (1928 film)

Lights of New York is a 1928 American Pre-code crime drama film starring Helene Costello, Cullen Landis and Eugene Pallette, and directed by Bryan Foy.

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Lillian Gish

Lillian Diana Gish (October 14, 1893 – February 27, 1993) was an American actress of the screen and stage, as well as a director and writer.

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List of early Warner Bros. sound and talking features

This is a list of early pre-recorded sound and/or talking movies produced, co-produced, and/or distributed by Warner Bros. and its subsidiary First National for the years 1927-1931.

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List of film sound systems

The following is a list of film sound systems.

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Lou Lichtveld

Lodewijk 'Lou' Lichtveld (November 3, 1903 – October 7, 1996) was a Surinamese politician, playwright, poet and resistance fighter who wrote under the pseudonym "Albert Helman".

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Loudspeaker

A loudspeaker (or loud-speaker or speaker) is an electroacoustic transducer; which converts an electrical audio signal into a corresponding sound.

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Louise Brooks

Mary Louise Brooks (November 14, 1906 – August 8, 1985), who worked professionally as Louise Brooks, was an American film actress and dancer noted as an iconic symbol of the flapper, and for popularizing the bobbed haircut.

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Luis Buñuel

Luis Buñuel Portolés (22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.

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M (1931 film)

M (M – Eine Stadt sucht einen Mörder — M – A City Searches for a Murderer) is a 1931 German horror drama-thriller film directed by Fritz Lang and starring Peter Lorre.

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Maharashtra

Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.

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Marx Brothers

The Marx Brothers were an American family comedy act that was successful in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in motion pictures from 1905 to 1949.

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Mary Pickford

Gladys Louise Smith (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979), known professionally as Mary Pickford, was a Canadian-born film actress and producer.

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Max Reinhardt

Max Reinhardt (September 9, 1873 – October 30, 1943) was an Austrian-born theatre and film director, intendant, and theatrical producer.

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Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.

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Mickey Mouse

Mickey Mouse is a funny animal cartoon character and the mascot of The Walt Disney Company.

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Mikio Naruse

was a Japanese filmmaker, screenwriter, and producer who directed some 89 films spanning the period 1930 (towards the end of the silent period in Japan) to 1967.

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Modern Times (film)

Modern Times is a 1936 American comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin in which his iconic Little Tramp character struggles to survive in the modern, industrialized world.

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Motion Picture Association of America

The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is an American trade association representing the six major film studios of Hollywood.

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Movie projector

A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen.

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Movietone News

Movietone News is a newsreel that ran from 1928 to 1963 in the United States, and – as British Movietone News – from 1929 to 1979 in the United Kingdom.

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Movietone sound system

The Movietone sound system is an optical sound-on-film method of recording sound for motion pictures that guarantees synchronization between sound and picture.

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Multiple-language version

A multiple-language version film, often abbreviated to MLV, is a film, especially from the early talkie era, produced in several different languages for international markets.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Myrna Loy

Myrna Loy (born Myrna Adele Williams; August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American film, television and stage actress.

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Nathanael West

Nathanael West (born Nathan Weinstein; October 17, 1903 – December 22, 1940) was an American author and screenwriter.

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Naturalism (literature)

The term naturalism was coined by Émile Zola, who defines it as a literary movement which emphasizes observation and the scientific method in the fictional portrayal of reality.

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Nero-Film

Nero-Film AG was a German film production company founded in 1925 and based in Berlin during the Weimar era.

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Nikkatsu

is a Japanese entertainment company known for its film and television productions.

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Nikolai Ekk

Nikolai Vladimirovich Ekk (Николай Владимирович Экк) (14 June 1902 – 14 July 1976) was a Soviet film director and screenwriter.

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Noise (electronics)

In electronics, noise is an unwanted disturbance in an electrical signal.

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Norma Shearer

Edith Norma Shearer (August 11, 1902 – June 12, 1983) was a Canadian-American actress and Hollywood star from 1925 through 1942.

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Norma Talmadge

Norma Marie Talmadge (May 2, 1894 – December 24, 1957) was an American actress and film producer of the silent era.

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Oliver Hardy

Oliver Norvell "Babe" Hardy (born Norvell Hardy; January 18, 1892 – August 7, 1957) was an American comic actor and one half of Laurel and Hardy, the double act that began in the era of silent films and lasted 25 years, from 1927 to 1951.

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On with the Show! (1929 film)

On with the Show! is a 1929 American Pre-Code musical film released by Warner Bros. Filmed in Two-strip Technicolor, the film is noted as the first all-talking, all-color feature length movie, and the second color movie released by Warner Bros.; the first was a partly color, black-and-white musical, The Desert Song (1929).

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Optical sound

Optical sound is a means of storing sound recordings on transparent film.

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Oscar Levant

Oscar Levant (December 27, 1906August 14, 1972) was an American concert pianist, composer, music conductor, bestselling author, radio game show panelist and personality, television talk show host, and actor. He was as famous for his mordant character and witticisms, on the radio and in movies and television, as for his music.

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Oskar Messter

Oskar Messter (21 November 1866 – 6 December 1943) was a German inventor and film tycoon in the early years of cinema.

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Our Dancing Daughters

Our Dancing Daughters is a 1928 American silent drama film, starring Joan Crawford and John Mack Brown, about the "loosening of youth morals" that took place during the 1920s.

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Panchromatic film

Panchromatic emulsion is a type of black-and-white photographic emulsion that is sensitive to all wavelengths of visible light.

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Pandora's Box (1929 film)

Pandora's Box (Die Büchse der Pandora) is a 1929 German silent melodrama film based on Frank Wedekind's plays Erdgeist (Earth Spirit, 1895) and Die Büchse der Pandora (1904).

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Pansori

Pansori (Hangul: 판소리) is a Korean genre of musical storytelling performed by a singer and a drummer.

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Paramount Pictures

Paramount Pictures Corporation (also known simply as Paramount) is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994.

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Part-talkie

A part-talkie is a partly, and most often primarily, silent film which includes one or more synchronous sound sequences with audible dialog or singing.

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Pathé

Pathé or Pathé Frères (styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896.

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Paul Dessau

Paul Dessau (19 December 189428 June 1979) was a German composer and conductor.

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Paul Rotha

Paul Rotha (3 June 1907 – 7 March 1984) was a British documentary film-maker, film historian and critic.

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Paul Terry (cartoonist)

Paul Houlton Terry (February 19, 1887 – October 25, 1971) was an American cartoonist, screenwriter, film director and producer.

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Phil Baker (comedian)

Phil Baker (August 26, 1896 – November 30, 1963) was an American comedian and emcee on radio.

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Phonofilm

Phonofilm is an optical sound-on-film system developed by inventors Lee de Forest and Theodore Case in the 1920s.

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Phonograph

The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.

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Phonograph cylinder

Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound.

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Phonograph record

A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.

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Photographophone

A photographophone is a device that was first developed by Ernst Ruhmer of Berlin, Germany in 1900.

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Photokinema

Photo-Kinema (some sources say Phono-Kinema) was a sound-on-disc system for motion pictures invented by Orlando Kellum.

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Photophone

The photophone is a telecommunications device that allows transmission of speech on a beam of light.

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Photoplay

Photoplay was one of the first American film fan magazines.

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Pittsburgh Press

The Pittsburgh Press (formerly known as The Pittsburg Press), published from 1884 to 1992, was a major afternoon daily newspaper in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US.

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Producers Distributing Corporation

Producers Distributing Corporation was a short-lived Hollywood film distribution company, organized in 1925 and dissolved in March 1927.

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Punjab

The Punjab, also spelled Panjab (land of "five rivers"; Punjabi: پنجاب (Shahmukhi); ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi); Πενταποταμία, Pentapotamia) is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India.

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Rachael Low

Rachael Low (born 6 July 1923) is a British film historian best known as the author of the monumental The History of the British Film.

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RCA

The RCA Corporation was a major American electronics company, which was founded as the Radio Corporation of America in 1919.

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RCA Photophone

RCA Photophone was the trade name given to one of four major competing technologies that emerged in the American film industry in the late 1920s for synchronizing electrically recorded audio to a motion picture image.

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René Clair

René Clair (11 November 1898 – 15 March 1981) born René-Lucien Chomette, was a French filmmaker and writer.

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Richard Tauber

Richard Tauber (16 May 1891 – 8 January 1948) was an Austrian tenor.

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RKO Pictures

RKO Pictures was an American film production and distribution company.

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Road to Life (1931 film)

Road to Life (Putyovka v zhizn) is a 1931 Soviet drama film written and directed by Nikolai Ekk.

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Robert E. Sherwood

Robert Emmet Sherwood (April 4, 1896 – November 14, 1955) was an American playwright, editor, and screenwriter.

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Robert J. Flaherty

Robert Joseph Flaherty, (February 16, 1884 – July 23, 1951) was an American filmmaker who directed and produced the first commercially successful feature-length documentary film, Nanook of the North (1922).

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Roger Ebert

Roger Joseph Ebert (June 18, 1942 – April 4, 2013) was an American film critic, historian, journalist, screenwriter, and author.

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Ronald Colman

Ronald Charles Colman (9 February 1891 – 19 May 1958) was an English-born actor, starting his career in theatre and silent film in his native country, before emigrating to the USA, and having a successful Hollywood film career, he was most popular during the 1920s, 1930's, and 1940's.

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Rouben Mamoulian

Rouben Zachary Mamoulian (in Ռուբէն Մամուլեան) (October 8, 1897 – December 4, 1987) was an Armenian-American film and theatre director.

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Roxy Theatre (New York City)

The Roxy Theatre was a 5,920 seat movie theater located at 153 West 50th Street between 6th and 7th Avenues, just off Times Square in New York City.

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Ruby Myers

Ruby Myers (1907 – 10 October 1983), better known by her stage name Sulochana, was an Indian silent film star of Jewish ancestry, hailing from the community of Baghdadi Jews in India (see History of the Jews in India).

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Rudolf Arnheim

Rudolf Arnheim (July 15, 1904 – June 9, 2007) was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist.

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Russian formalism

Russian formalism was a school of literary criticism in Russia from the 1910s to the 1930s.

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Sam Warner

Samuel Louis "Sam" Warner (born Szmuel Wonsal, August 10, 1887 – October 5, 1927) was an American film producer who was the co-founder and chief executive officer of Warner Bros. Studios.

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Sati Sulochana

Sati Sulochana is an 1934 Indian Kannada-language film directed by Y. V. Rao.

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Sergei Eisenstein

Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (p; 11 February 1948) was a Soviet film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage.

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Shakeout

Shakeout is a term used in business and economics to describe the consolidation of an industry or sector, in which businesses are eliminated or acquired through competition.

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Shochiku

() is a Japanese movie studio and production company for kabuki.

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Short film

A short film is any motion picture not long enough to be considered a feature film.

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Siegfried Kracauer

Siegfried Kracauer (February 8, 1889 – November 26, 1966) was a German writer, journalist, sociologist, cultural critic, and film theorist.

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Silent film

A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).

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Singin' in the Rain

Singin' in the Rain is a 1952 American musical-romantic comedy film directed and choreographed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, starring Kelly, Donald O'Connor, and Debbie Reynolds.

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Slow motion

Slow motion (commonly abbreviated as slo-mo or slow-mo) is an effect in film-making whereby time appears to be slowed down.

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Société française de photographie

The Société française de photographie (SFP; "French Photographic Society") is an association, founded on 15 November 1854, devoted to the history of photography.

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Sonny Boy (song)

"Sonny Boy" is a song written by Ray Henderson, Bud De Sylva, and Lew Brown.

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Sound effect

A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games, music, or other media.

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Sound stage

In common usage, a sound stage is a soundproof, hangar-like structure, building, or room, used for the production of theatrical film-making and television productions, usually located on a secured movie or television studio property.

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Sound-on-disc

Sound-on-disc is a class of sound film processes using a phonograph or other disc to record or play back sound in sync with a motion picture.

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Sound-on-film

Sound-on-film is a class of sound film processes where the sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same strip of film carrying the picture.

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Soundtrack

A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture, book, television program or video game; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound.

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Sponsored film

Sponsored film, or ephemeral film, as defined by film archivist Rick Prelinger, is a film made by a particular sponsor for a specific purpose other than as a work of art: the films were designed to serve a specific pragmatic purpose for a limited time.

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Stan Laurel

Stan Laurel (born Arthur Stanley Jefferson; 16 June 1890 – 23 February 1965) was an English comic actor, writer and film director, who was part of the comedy duo Laurel and Hardy.

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Steamboat Willie

Steamboat Willie is a 1928 American animated short film directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks.

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Studio system

The studio system (which was used during a period known as the Golden Age of Hollywood) is a method of film production and distribution dominated by a small number of "major" studios in Hollywood.

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Subtitle (captioning)

Subtitles are text derived from either a transcript or screenplay of the dialog or commentary in films, television programs, video games, and the like, usually displayed at the bottom of the screen, but can also be at the top of the screen if there is already text at the bottom of the screen.

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Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (also known as Sunrise) is a 1927 American silent romantic drama film directed by German director F. W. Murnau and starring George O'Brien, Janet Gaynor, and Margaret Livingston.

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Synchronization

Synchronization is the coordination of events to operate a system in unison.

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Tabu: A Story of the South Seas

Tabu: A Story of the South Seas, sometimes simply called Tabu, is a 1931 silent film directed by F.W. Murnau, a docufiction.

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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.

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Tenderloin (film)

Tenderloin is a 1928 American part-talkie crime film directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Dolores Costello.

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The Better 'Ole (1926 film)

The Better 'Ole is a 1926 American silent World War I comedy drama film.

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The Blue Angel

The Blue Angel (Der blaue Engel) is a 1930 German tragicomedic film directed by Josef von Sternberg and starring Emil Jannings, Marlene Dietrich and Kurt Gerron.

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The Jazz Singer

The Jazz Singer is a 1927 American musical film.

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The King of Kings (1927 film)

The King of Kings is a 1927 American silent epic film produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille.

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The New Biographical Dictionary of Film

The New Biographical Dictionary of Film is a reference book written by film critic David Thomson, originally published by Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd in 1975 under the title A Biographical Dictionary of Cinema. Organized by personality, it is an exhaustive inventory of those involved in international cinema, whether contemporary or historical, elite or esoteric.

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The Photo-Drama of Creation

The Photo-Drama of Creation, or Creation-Drama, is a four-part Christian film (eight hours in total) produced by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania under the direction of Charles Taze Russell, the founder of the Bible Student movement.

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The Singing Fool

The Singing Fool is a 1928 musical drama Part-Talkie motion picture which was released by Warner Bros. The film stars Al Jolson and is a follow-up to his previous film, The Jazz Singer.

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Theodore Case

Theodore Willard Case (December 12, 1888 – May 13, 1944) was an American chemist, physicist, and inventor known for the invention of the Movietone sound-on-film sound film system.

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Theodore Case Sound Test: Gus Visser and His Singing Duck

Theodore Case Sound Test: Gus Visser and his Singing Duck, also known as Gus Visser and His Singing Duck, is a 1925 American short musical comedy film starring vaudeville performer Gus Visser.

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Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.

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Time Out (magazine)

Time Out is a British travel magazine published by Time Out Group.

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Time-lapse photography

Time-lapse photography is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (the frame rate) is much lower than that used to view the sequence.

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Tri-Ergon

The Tri-Ergon sound-on-film system was developed from around 1919 by three German inventors, Josef Engl (1893–1942), Joseph Massolle (1889–1957), and Hans Vogt (1890–1979).

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UFA GmbH

UFA GmbH is a German film and television production company that unites all production activities of Bertelsmann in Germany.

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Una Merkel

Una Merkel (December 10, 1903 – January 2, 1986) was an American stage, film, radio, and television actress.

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United Artists

United Artists (UA) is an American film and television entertainment studio.

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Universal Pictures

Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.

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University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.

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Vacuum tube

In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.

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Viktor Shklovsky

Viktor Borisovich Shklovsky (p; – 6 December 1984) was a Russian and Soviet literary theorist, critic, writer, and pamphleteer.

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Vitagraph Studios

Vitagraph Studios, also known as the Vitagraph Company of America, was a United States motion picture studio.

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Vitaphone

Vitaphone was a sound film system used for feature films and nearly 1,000 short subjects made by Warner Bros. and its sister studio First National from 1926 to 1931.

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Vsevolod Pudovkin

Vsevolod Illarionovich Pudovkin (p; 16 February 1893 – 30 June 1953) was a Russian and Soviet film director, screenwriter and actor who developed influential theories of montage.

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Wall Street Crash of 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects.

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Walt Disney

Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.

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Walter Ruttmann

Walter Ruttmann (28 December 1887 – 15 July 1941) was a German film director and along with Hans Richter, Viking Eggeling and Oskar Fischinger was an early German practitioner of experimental film.

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Warner Bros.

Warner Bros.

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Western (genre)

The Western is a genre of various arts which tell stories set primarily in the later half of the 19th century in the American Old West, often centering on the life of a nomadic cowboy or gunfighter armed with a revolver and a rifle who rides a horse.

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Western Electric

Western Electric Company (WE, WECo) was an American electrical engineering and manufacturing company that served as the primary supplier to AT&T from 1881 to 1996.

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Westfront 1918

Westfront 1918 is a German war film, set mostly in the trenches of the Western Front during World War I. It was directed in 1930 by Georg Wilhelm Pabst, from the novel Vier von der Infanterie by Ernst Johannsen and shows the effect of the war on a group of infantrymen.

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Will H. Hays

William Harrison Hays, Sr. (November 5, 1879 – March 7, 1954) was a United States politician, chairman of the Republican National Committee (1918–21), U.S. Postmaster General (1921–22), and, from 1922–1945, the first chairman of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA).

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William Faulkner

William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi.

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William Powell

William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 – March 5, 1984) was an American actor.

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Wings (1927 film)

Wings is a 1927 American silent war film set during the First World War produced by Lucien Hubbard, directed by William A. Wellman and released by Paramount Pictures.

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Yasujirō Ozu

was a Japanese film director and screenwriter.

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Zoopraxiscope

The zoöpraxiscope (initially named zoographiscope and zoogyroscope) is an early device for displaying moving images and is considered an important predecessor of the movie projector.

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7th Heaven (1927 film)

7th Heaven (also known as Seventh Heaven) is a 1927 American silent romantic drama directed by Frank Borzage, and starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell.

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Redirects here:

Motion picture sound, Non-silent film, Sound era, Sound films, Sound movie, Sound picture, Sound pictures, Synch sound, Synchronized motion picture sound, Synchronized sound, Talkie, Talkie film, Talkies, Talking film, Talking motion picture, Talking movies, Talking picture, Talking pictures, Talky.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_film

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