94 relations: African buffalo, Afrikaans, Apartheid, Australian dollar, Basutoland, BBC Online, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Bi-metallic coin, Big five game, Bloomberg L.P., Botswana, Botswana pula, Cape Town, Cent (currency), Coins of the South African rand, Colin Coleman, Common Monetary Area, Consumer price index, Crane Currency, Currency, Currency symbol, David van Rooyen, Dutch East India Company, Dutch language, Economy of South Africa, Elephant, English language, Eskom, EURion constellation, Euro, Federal Reserve System, Financial rand, Financial Times, Fluorescence, Foreign exchange market, Gold, Goldman Sachs, Great Trek, Indian rupee, ISO 4217, Jacob Zuma, Jan van Riebeeck, Japanese yen, Johannesburg, Krugerrand, Languages of South Africa, Leopard, Lesotho, Lesotho loti, Lion, ..., Moody's Investors Service, Namibia, Namibian dollar, Nelson Mandela, News24, Nhlanhla Nene, P. W. Botha, Pound sterling, Pravin Gordhan, Renminbi, Reuters, Rhinoceros, Rubicon speech, Sasol, September 11 attacks, Shilling, South Africa, South African Bank Note Company, South African general election, 1994, South African Mint, South African pound, South African Reserve Bank, South West Africa, State President of South Africa, Swazi lilangeni, Swaziland, Ten-baht coin, Thabo Mbeki, Tito Mboweni, Toonie, Tumba Bruk, Two pounds (British coin), Ultraviolet, Union Buildings, Union of South Africa, United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016, United States dollar, Voortrekker Monument, Witwatersrand, Zimbabwe, Zimbabwean dollar, 1 euro coin, 2 euro coin, 2015–16 Chinese stock market turbulence. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
The African buffalo or Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a large African bovine.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
The Australian dollar (sign: $; code: AUD) is the currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including its external territories Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.
Basutoland was a British Crown colony established in 1884 due to the Cape Colony's inability to control the territory.
BBC Online, formerly known as BBCi, is the BBC's online service.
The Bechuanaland Protectorate was a protectorate established on 31 March 1885, by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in southern Africa.
Bi-metallic coins are coins consisting of two (bi-) metals or alloys, generally arranged with an outer ring around a contrasting center.
In Africa, the big five game animals are the lion, leopard, rhinoceros (both black and white species), elephant, and Cape buffalo.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
The pula is the currency of Botswana.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
In many national currencies, the cent, commonly represented by the cent sign (a minuscule letter "c" crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line: ¢; or a simple "c") is a monetary unit that equals of the basic monetary unit.
The coins of the South African rand are part of the physical form of South Africa's currency, the South African rand.
Colin Coleman (born 1962) is a South African banker and public figure.
The Common Monetary Area (CMA) links South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho and Swaziland into a monetary union.
A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of of and purchased by households.
Crane Currency is a manufacturer of cotton-based paper products used in the printing of national currencies, passports and banknotes.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.
David "Des" van Rooyen (born 20 November 1968) is the former Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs and Minister of Finance of the Republic of South Africa.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The economy of South Africa is the second largest in Africa, after Nigeria.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Eskom is a South African electricity public utility, established in 1923 as the Electricity Supply Commission (ESCOM) by the government of the Union of South Africa in terms of the Electricity Act (1922).
The EURion constellation (also known as Omron rings or doughnuts) is a pattern of symbols incorporated into a number of banknote designs worldwide since about 1996.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
The South African financial rand was the most visible part of a system of capital controls.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
The foreign exchange market (Forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized or over-the-counter (OTC) market for the trading of currencies.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.
The Great Trek (Die Groot Trek; De Grote Trek) was an eastward migration of Dutch-speaking settlers (called Voortrekkers) who travelled by wagons from the Cape Colony into the interior of modern South Africa from 1836 onwards, seeking to live beyond the Cape's British colonial administration.
The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.
ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.
Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (born 12 April 1942) is a South African politician who served as the fourth President of South Africa from the 2009 general election until his resignation on 14 February 2018.
Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeeck (21 April 1619 – 18 January 1677) was a Dutch navigator and colonial administrator who founded Cape Town in what then became the Dutch Cape Colony of the Dutch East India Company.
The is the official currency of Japan.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
For the Ian McNabb album, see Krugerrands. The Krugerrand is a South African gold coin, first minted in 1967 to help market South African gold and produced by the South African Mint.
There are eleven official languages of South Africa: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, SiSwati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.
The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae.
Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country in southern Africa.
The Loti (plural: maLoti) is the currency of the Kingdom of Lesotho.
The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the cat family (Felidae).
Moody's Investors Service, often referred to as Moody's, is the bond credit rating business of Moody's Corporation, representing the company's traditional line of business and its historical name.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
The Namibian dollar (symbol: $; code: NAD; Namibiese dollar) has been the currency of Namibia since 1993.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
News24.com is an English-language South African online news publication created in October 1998 by the multinational media company, Naspers.
Nhlanhla Musa Nene (born 5 December 1958) is the Minister of Finance of South Africa, appointed on 27 February 2018.
Pieter Willem Botha, (12 January 1916 – 31 October 2006), commonly known as "P.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Pravin Jamnadas Gordhan (born 12 April 1949) is a South African politician who served as Minister of Finance from 2009 until 2014 and again from 2015 until 2017, and as Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs from 2014 until 2015.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
A rhinoceros, commonly abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species.
The Rubicon speech was delivered by South African President P. W. Botha on the evening of 15 August 1985 in Durban.
Sasol Limited is an integrated energy and chemical company based in Sandton, South Africa.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South African Bank Note Company (SABN) is a South African security printing company responsible for the printing of the South African Rand.
General elections were held in South Africa between 26 and 29 April 1994.
The South African Mint is a privately owned mint in South Africa responsible for minting all coins of the South African rand on behalf of the South African Reserve Bank.
The pound (symbol £) was the currency of the Union of South Africa from the creation of the country as a British Dominion in 1910.
The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) is the central bank of South Africa.
South West Africa (Suidwes-Afrika; Zuidwest-Afrika; Südwestafrika) was the name for modern-day Namibia when it was subsumed under South Africa, from 1915 to 1990.
The State President of the Republic of South Africa (Staatspresident) was the head of state of South Africa from 1961 to 1994.
The lilangeni (plural: emalangeni, ISO 4217 code: SZL) is the currency of Swaziland and is subdivided into 100 cents.
Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini since April 2018 (Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini), is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa.
The Thailand ten-baht coin is a currency unit of the Thai baht.
Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served as the second President of South Africa from 14 June 1999 to 24 September 2008.
Tito Titus Mboweni (born 16 March 1959) was the eighth Governor of the South African Reserve Bank and the first black South African to hold the post.
The Canadian two-dollar coin, commonly called the toonie, is the highest monetary value among Canadian coins.
Tumba Bruk is the printing company responsible for the manufacturing of the Swedish krona banknotes.
The British two pound (£2) coin is a denomination of the pound sterling.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The Union Buildings form the official seat of the South African Government and also house the offices of the President of South Africa.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to gauge support for the country either remaining a member of, or leaving, the European Union (EU) under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The Voortrekker Monument is located just south of Pretoria in South Africa.
The Witwatersrand (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a, north-facing scarp in South Africa.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
The Zimbabwean dollar (sign: $, or Z$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies) was the official currency of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 12 April 2009.
The 1-euro coin is a euro coin with a value of one euro (€1).
The 2 euro coin (€2) is the highest value euro coin and has been used since the introduction of the euro (in its cash form) in 2002.
The Chinese stock market turbulence began with the popping of the stock market bubble on 12 June 2015 and ended in early February 2016.