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South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. [1]

692 relations: Acid rain, Aegis Combat System, Aegukga, AFC Asian Cup, Afforestation, Air-independent propulsion, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, All About Eve (TV series), Android (robot), Angara (rocket family), Anglosphere, Antarctic Treaty System, Anti-Japanese sentiment in Korea, Antibiotics, Anyang Halla, April Revolution, Arable land, Archery, Argentina, Arirang-1, Arirang-2, Asia League Ice Hockey, Asian Football Confederation, Asian Games, Asian Winter Games, Asiana Airlines, Assassination of Park Chung-hee, Association football, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Autumn in My Heart, Badminton, Baekje, Balhae, Ballad, Ban Ki-moon, Banchan, Bangladesh, Barack Obama, Baseball, Basel Convention, Basketball, BBC News, Biotechnology, Bloomberg L.P., Blue-water navy, Bokbunja ju, Boseong County, Boys Over Flowers (TV series), Bracket (architecture), Broadband, ..., Buchaechum, Buddhism, Bulgogi, Buncheong, Busan, Buyeo kingdom, Cairo Declaration, Camp Bonifas, Camp Humphreys, 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Formula One season, 2015 Summer Universiade, 2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup, 2018 Winter Olympics, 2019 World Aquatics Championships, 33rd parallel north, 39th parallel north. 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Acid rain

Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it possesses elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).

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Aegis Combat System

The Aegis Combat System is an integrated naval weapons system developed by the Missile and Surface Radar Division of RCA, and now produced by Lockheed Martin.

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Aegukga

"Aegukga" (English: "Patriotic Song") is the national anthem of South Korea.

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AFC Asian Cup

The AFC Asian Cup is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).

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Afforestation

Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees in an area where there was no forest.

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Air-independent propulsion

Air-independent propulsion (AIP) is any marine propulsion technology that allows a non-nuclear submarine to operate without access to atmospheric oxygen (by surfacing or using a snorkel).

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Alexandru Ioan Cuza University

The Alexandru Ioan Cuza University (Romanian: Universitatea "Alexandru Ioan Cuza") is a public university located in Iași, Romania.

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All About Eve (TV series)

All About Eve is a South Korean television drama which aired in 2000 on MBC that focused on two beautiful, young TV news reporters (portrayed by Chae Rim and Kim So-yeon) competing for the top position at the network they work for.

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Android (robot)

An android is a robot or synthetic organism designed to look and act like a human, especially one with a body having a flesh-like resemblance.

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Angara (rocket family)

The Angara rocket family is a family of space-launch vehicles being developed by the Moscow-based Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center.

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Anglosphere

Anglosphere refers to a set of English-speaking nations with a similar cultural heritage, based upon populations originating from the nations of the British Isles (England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland), and which today maintain close political and military cooperation.

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Antarctic Treaty System

The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively known as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earth's only continent without a native human population.

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Anti-Japanese sentiment in Korea

Anti-Japanese sentiment in Korea (반일감정) refers to the anti-Japanese sentiment in Korean society, which originates from historic, cultural, and nationalistic sentiments.

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Antibiotics

Antibiotics or antibacterials are a type of antimicrobial used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infection.

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Anyang Halla

Anyang Halla is a professional ice hockey team based in Anyang City in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.

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April Revolution

The April Revolution, sometimes called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, was a popular uprising in April 1960, led by labor and student groups, which overthrew the autocratic First Republic of South Korea under Syngman Rhee.

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Arable land

Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

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Archery

Archery is the practice or skill of using a bow to propel arrows.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.

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Arirang-1

Arirang-1 or Arirang I is an unmanned artificial satellite created by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute and launched by a US rocket on December 21, 1999.

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Arirang-2

Arirang-2, also known as KOMPSAT-2, is a South Korean multipurpose satellite.

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Asia League Ice Hockey

Asia League Ice Hockey (ALIH) is an association which operates a professional ice hockey league based in East Asia, with nine teams from Japan, China, South Korea and Russia.

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Asian Football Confederation

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia.

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Asian Games

The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a Pancontinental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia.

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Asian Winter Games

The Asian Winter Games is a multi-sport event held every four years for members of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) which features winter events.

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Asiana Airlines

Asiana Airlines Inc. (formerly Seoul Airlines) is one of South Korea's two major airlines, along with Korean Air.

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Assassination of Park Chung-hee

Park Chung-hee, president of South Korea, was assassinated on Friday, October 26, 1979 at 7:41pm during a dinner at a Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) safehouse inside the Blue House presidential compound, Gungjeong-dong, Seoul by Kim Jae-kyu, who was the director of KCIA and the president's security chief.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Association of Southeast Asian Nations

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a political and economic organisation of ten Southeast Asian countries.

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Autumn in My Heart

Autumn in My Heart (also known as Autumn Fairy Tale or Autumn Tale) is a 2000 South Korean romantic television drama, starring Song Seung-heon, Song Hye-kyo and Won Bin.

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Badminton

Badminton is a recreational sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), that take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court divided by a net.

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Baekje

Baekje or Paekche (18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea.

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Balhae

Balhae or Bohai (698–926) was a mixed ethnic Goguryeo–Mohe kingdom established in northern Korean Peninsula and Northeast China after the fall of Goguryeo.

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Ballad

A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music.

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Ban Ki-moon

Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean statesman and politician who is the eighth and current Secretary-General of the United Nations.

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Banchan

Banchan (also spelled panch'an) refers to small dishes of food served along with cooked rice in Korean cuisine.

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Bangladesh

Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ,, lit. "The land of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office.

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Baseball

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of nine players each who take turns batting and fielding.

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Basel Convention

The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, usually known as the Basel Convention, is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs).

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Basketball

Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).

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Bloomberg L.P.

Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

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Blue-water navy

A blue-water navy is a maritime force capable of operating across the deep waters of open oceans.

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Bokbunja ju

Bokbunja ju (hangul: 복분자주; hanja: 覆盆子酒; also spelled bokbunjaju, bokbunja-ju, or bokbunjajoo, and also called bokbunja wine) is a Korean fruit wine made from wild and/or cultivated Korean black raspberries called bokbunja (hangul: 복분자; hanja: 覆盆子; cultivated fruit is Rubus occidentalis). It is produced in Gochang County, Jeollabuk-do, in Damyang, Jeollanam-do, and in Jeju Island, South Korea.

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Boseong County

Boseong County (Boseong-gun) is a county in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.

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Boys Over Flowers (TV series)

Boys Over Flowers is a 2009 South Korean television series starring Ku Hye-sun, Lee Min-ho, Kim Hyun-joong (of SS501), Kim Bum, Kim Joon (of T-Max) and Kim So-eun.

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Bracket (architecture)

A bracket is an architectural element: a structural or decorative member.

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Broadband

In telecommunications, broadband is a wide bandwidth data transmission with an ability to simultaneously transport multiple signals and traffic types.

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Buchaechum

Buchaechum is a traditional form of Korean dance also called a fan dance, usually performed by groups of female dancers.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Bulgogi

Bulgogi (불고기) is a Korean dish that usually consists of grilled marinated beef.

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Buncheong

Buncheong ware, or Punch'ong ware is a form of traditional Korean stoneware, with a bluish-green tone.

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Busan

Busan (부산 or 釜山(), officially Busan Metropolitan City), romanized as Pusan before 2000,This romanization of the city's name is in McCune-Reischauer.

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Buyeo kingdom

Buyeo or Puyŏ (Korean: 부여; Hanja: 夫餘) was an ancient kingdom located in parts of southern Manchuria and northern Korea, from around the 2nd century BC to 494.

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Cairo Declaration

The Cairo Declaration was the outcome of the Cairo Conference in Cairo, Egypt, on November 27, 1943.

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Camp Bonifas

Camp Bonifas was a United Nations Command military post located 400 meters south of the southern boundary of the Korean Demilitarized Zone.

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Camp Humphreys

Camp Humphreys (캠프 험프리스), also known as United States Army Garrison-Humphreys (USAG-H), is a medium-sized United States Army garrison located near Anjeong-ri and Pyeongtaek metropolitan areas in South Korea.

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Casiano Communications

Casiano Communications is a private Puerto Rico-based company mostly known for its publishing of various periodicals and magazines which are distributed in Puerto Rico, the Caribbean, the continental United States and in 20 other countries.

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Catholic Priests Association for Justice

Catholic Priests' Association for Justice (CPAJ; 천주교정의구현전국사제단) is a South Korean association of Catholic priests, whose aim is to establish justice in Korea.

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Celadon

Celadon is a term for ceramics denoting both a type of glaze and a ware of celadon (color).

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Chaebol

A chaebol (재벌, from chae "wealth or property" + bol "faction or clan" - also written with the Chinese characters 財閥 as Zaibatsu) is a South Korean form of business conglomerate.

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Chan Ho Park

Chan Ho Park (박찬호; born June 30, 1973) is a South Korean former professional baseball pitcher.

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Cheondoism

Cheondoism, spelled Chondoism in North Korean sources (Korean: Cheondogyo; hanja 天道教; hangul 천도교; literally "Religion of the Heavenly Way"), is a 20th-century Korean religious movement, based on the 19th century Donghak neo-Confucian movement founded by Choe Je-u and codified under Son Byeong-hui.

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Cheonggyecheon

Cheonggyecheon (Hangul: 청계천) is a 10.9 km (7.0 miles) long, modern public recreation space in downtown Seoul, South Korea.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chinese people in Korea

There has been a recognisable community of Chinese people in Korea since the 1880s.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christianity in Korea

The practice of Christianity in Korea revolves around two of its largest branches, Protestantism and Catholicism, accounting for 8.6 millionAccording to figures compiled by the South Korean National Statistical Office.

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Chun Doo-hwan

Chun Doo-hwan (born 18 January 1931) is a former South Korean army general who served as the leader of South Korea from 1979 to 1988, ruling as an unelected leader from December 1979 to September 1980, and the fifth President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988.

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Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin-class destroyer

Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class destroyers (Hangul: 충무공 이순신급 구축함, Hanja: 忠武公李舜臣級驅逐艦) are multipurpose destroyers of the Republic of Korea Navy.

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Chuseok

Chuseok (추석.), originally known as hangawi (한가위 from archaic Korean for "the great middle (of autumn)"(한ᄀᆞᄇᆡ)), is a major harvest festival and a three-day holiday in Korea celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar.

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Cinema of Korea

The term "Cinema of Korea" (or "Korean cinema") encompasses the motion picture industries of North and South Korea.

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CITES

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals.

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City Hunter (TV series)

City Hunter is a 2011 South Korean television drama series based on the Japanese manga series City Hunter written and illustrated by Tsukasa Hojo, starring Lee Min-ho, Park Min-young, Lee Joon-hyuk, Kim Sang-joong, Kim Sang-ho, Hwang Sun-hee, Goo Ha-ra, Chun Ho-jin and Lee Kwang-soo.

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Cloning

In biology, cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually.

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Coastal plain

A coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact).

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Comfort women

Comfort women were women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories before and during World War II.

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Command and control

Older versions of U.S. Army FM 3-0 state: Command and control, or C2, in a military organization is the exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commanding officer over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission.

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Command hierarchy

A command hierarchy is a group of people dedicated to carrying out orders "from the top," that is, of authority.

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Commander Naval Forces Korea

Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Korea is a major shore command of the United States Navy that serves as the shore support agency for all U.S. Naval activity in South Korea.

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Common Era

Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).

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Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a multilateral treaty by which states agree to ban all nuclear explosions in all environments, for military or civilian purposes.

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Confucianism

Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of philosophical and "ethical-sociopolitical teachings" sometimes described as a religion.

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Conscientious objector

A conscientious objector (CO) is an "individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service" on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, and/or religion.

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Constitution of South Korea

The Constitution of the Republic of Korea is its basic law.

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Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.

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Counter-battery fire

Counter-battery fire (sometimes called counter-fire) is a battlefield military activity to defeat the enemy's indirect fire elements (guns, Rocket launchers, Artillery and Mortars), including their target acquisition, command and control components.

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Coup d'état of December Twelfth

The Coup d'état of December Twelfth (Hangul: 12.12 군사반란; Hanja: 12.12 軍事叛亂) or the "12.12 Military Insurrection" was a military coup d'état which took place on December 12, 1979, in South Korea.

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Credit rating

A credit rating is an evaluation of the credit worthiness of a debtor, especially a business (company) or a government, but not individual consumers.

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CrossCurrents

CrossCurrents is a quarterly academic journal published by the Association for Religion and Intellectual Life (before 1990, it was published by the Convergence).

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Culture of South Korea

The contemporary culture of South Korea developed from the traditional culture of Korea which was prevalent in the early Korean nomadic tribes.

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Dae Jang Geum

Dae Jang Geum (literally "The Great Jang-geum"), also known as Jewel in the Palace, is a 2003 Korean television series directed by Lee Byung-hoon.

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Daegu

Daegu, (대구, 大邱, literally 'large hill') formerly spelled Taegu, and officially known as the Daegu Metropolitan City, is a city in South Korea, the fourth largest after Seoul, Busan, and Incheon, and the third largest metropolitan area in the nation with over 2.5 million residents.

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Daejeon

Daejeon is South Korea's fifth largest metropolis.

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Dangun

Dangun Wanggeom or Tangun, was the legendary founder of Gojoseon, the first Korean kingdom, around present-day Liaoning, Manchuria, and the Korean Peninsula.

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De facto

De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").

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De jure

De jure (Classical Latin: de iúre) is an expression that means "of right, by right, according to law" (literally "from law"), as contrasted with de facto, which means "in fact, in reality" (literally "from fact").

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Democracy Index

The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, that measures the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 165 are United Nations member states.

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Democratic Justice Party

The Democratic Justice Party (DJP) was the ruling party of South Korea from 1980 to 1998.

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Demographics of South Korea

This article is about the demographic features of the population of South Korea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Development Assistance Committee

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) is a forum to discuss issues surrounding aid, development and poverty reduction in developing countries.

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Digital Multimedia Broadcasting

Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB) is a digital radio transmission technology developed in South Korea as part of the national IT project for sending multimedia such as TV, radio and datacasting to mobile devices such as mobile phones, laptops and GPS navigation systems.

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Digital textbook

A digital textbook is a digital book or e-book intended to serve as the text for a class.

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Division of Korea

The division of Korea into South Korea and North Korea was the result of the 1945 Allied victory in World War II, ending the Empire of Japan's 35-year colonial rule of Korea by General Order No. 1.

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Doenjang

Doenjang, or bean paste (HS code: 2103.90.1010), literally means "thick sauce" in Korean.

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Dokdo-class amphibious assault ship

The Dokdo-class amphibious assault ship (Hangul: 독도급 강습상륙함, Hanja: 獨島級強襲上陸艦) is a class of Landing Platform Helicopter (LPH) amphibious assault ships operated by the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN).

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Dong Yi (TV series)

Dong Yi is a 2010 South Korean historical television drama series, starring Han Hyo-joo, Ji Jin-hee, Lee So-yeon and Bae Soo-bin.

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Dongducheon

Dongducheon is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.

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Donghae Bukbu Line

The Donghae Bukbu Line is a former railway line that connected the present-day city of Anbyon in Kangwon Province, North Korea, with Yangyang, Gangwon Province, South Korea.

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Dongye

Dongye, which means the Eastern Ye, was a Korean chiefdom which occupied portions of the northeastern Korean peninsula from roughly 3rd-century BC to around early 5th-century.

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Drainage basin

A drainage basin or catchment basin is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin, where the waters join another waterbody, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea, or ocean.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East Indian Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), referred to by the British as the Dutch East India Company, was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade.

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E-Government

E-government (short for electronic government, also known as e-gov, Internet government, digital government, online government, connected government) consists of the digital interactions between a citizen and their government (C2G), between governments and government agencies (G2G), between government and citizens (G2C), between government and employees (G2E), and between government and businesses/commerce (G2B).

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Ease of doing business index

The ease of doing business index is an index created by the World Bank Group.

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East Asia

East Asia or Eastern Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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East Asia Summit

The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian region.

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East Asian Monsoon

The East Asian monsoon is a monsoonal flow that carries moist air from the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean to East Asia.

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East Asian rainy season

The East Asian rainy season, commonly called the plum rain (Chinese: 梅雨, méiyǔ; 梅雨, tsuyu, baiu; 장마, jangma, Russian: затяжные, zatyazhnie), is caused by precipitation along a persistent stationary front known as the Meiyu front for nearly two months during the late spring and early summer between eastern Russia, China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan.

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East China Sea

The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China.

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Economy of South Korea

South Korea is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the G-20 major economies.

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Eighth United States Army

The Eighth United States Army (EUSA) is an American field army.

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Elections in South Korea

Elections in South Korea are held on national level to select the President and the National Assembly.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical Japanese nation-state that existed from the Meiji Restoration on January 3, 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Enriched uranium

Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation.

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Environmental Modification Convention

The Environmental Modification Convention (ENMOD), formally the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques is an international treaty prohibiting the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques having widespread, long-lasting or severe effects.

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Esports

Esports (also known as eSports, e-sports, competitive gaming, electronic sports, or progaming in Korea) is a term for organized multiplayer video game competitions, particularly between professional players.

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Ethnic religion

An ethnic religion is generally defined by the ethnicity of its adherents, and conversion essentially equates to cultural assimilation into that ethnoreligious group.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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European Union–South Korea Free Trade Agreement

The European Union–South Korea Free Trade Agreement is a free trade agreement between the European Union (EU), its member states and South Korea.

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EveR

EveR is a series of female androids developed by a team of South Korean scientists from the in Korea University of Science and Technology.

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Executive (government)

The executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state.

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Export-oriented industrialization

Export-oriented industrialization (EOI) sometimes called export substitution industrialization (ESI), export led industrialization (ELI) or export-led growth is a trade and economic policy aiming to speed up the industrialization process of a country by exporting goods for which the nation has a comparative advantage.

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Expressways in South Korea

Expressways in South Korea were originally numbered in order of construction.

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Federal Research Division

The Federal Research Division (FRD) is the research and analysis unit of the United States Library of Congress.

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Feed-in tariff

A feed-in tariff (FIT, standard offer contract) Couture, T., Cory, K., Kreycik, C., Williams, E., (2010).

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Fermented bean paste

Fermented bean paste is a category of fermented foods typically made from ground soybeans, which are indigenous to the cuisines of East and Southeast Asia.

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FIFA World Cup

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.

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Figure skating

Figure skating is a sport and activity in which individuals, duos, or groups perform on figure skates on ice.

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FINA World Aquatics Championships

The FINA World Championships or World Aquatics Championships are the World Championships for aquatics sports: Swimming, Diving, High Diving, Open Water Swimming, Synchronized Swimming and Water Polo.

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Financial crisis of 2007–08

The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

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First Republic of South Korea

The First Republic of South Korea (제1공화국, Jeil Gonghwaguk, literally "the first republic") was South Korea's first independent government, ruling the country from 1948 to 1960.

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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, primarily over control of Korea.

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Foreigners in Korea

Foreigners in Korea have never been a large portion of the population.

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Formula One

Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).

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Fortune Global 500

The Fortune Global 500, also known as Global 500, is an annual ranking of the top 500 corporations worldwide as measured by revenue.

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Four Asian Tigers

The Four Asian Tigers or Four Asian Dragons is a term used in reference to the highly free-market and developed economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.

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Four Commanderies of Han

The Four Commanderies of Han (漢四郡, 한사군) are Lelang, Lintun, Xuantu and Zhenfan commanderies in northern Korean Peninsula and part of the Liaodong Peninsula.

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Fourth Republic of South Korea

The Fourth Republic (제4공화국; Hanja: 第四共和國) was the government of South Korea between 1972 and 1981, regulated by the Yushin Constitution adopted in October 1972 and confirmed in a referendum on 21 November 1972.

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Free trade area

A free-trade area is the region encompassing a trade bloc whose member countries have signed a free trade agreement (FTA).

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Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion or freedom of belief is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance; the concept is generally recognized also to include the freedom to change religion or not to follow any religion.

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Freedom of religion in South Korea

Freedom of religion in South Korea is provided for in the South Korean constitution.

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Freestyle wrestling

Freestyle wrestling is a style of amateur wrestling that is practiced throughout the world.

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Full House (South Korean TV series)

Full House is a 2004 South Korean television series starring Song Hye-kyo, Rain, Han Eun-jung and Kim Sung-soo.

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G-20 major economies

The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies.

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Gaecheonjeol

Gaecheonjeol (개천절, hanja: 開天節) is a public holiday in South Korea on 3 October.

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Gangnam Style

"Gangnam Style" (강남스타일) is the 18th K-pop single by the South Korean musician Psy.

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Gangwon Province (South Korea)

Gangwon-do is a province of South Korea, with its capital at Chuncheon.

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Ganjang

Ganjang (간장) is a kind of Korean soy sauce made from fermented soybeans.

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Genetics

Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms.

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Gija Joseon

Gija Joseon (?–194 BC) describes the period after the alleged arrival of Gija in the northwest of Korean peninsula.

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Gimbap

Gimbap or kimbap is a Korean dish made from steamed white rice (bap) and various other ingredients, rolled in gim (sheets of dried laver seaweed) and served in bite-size slices.

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Gimhae International Airport

Gimhae International Airport (formerly Kimhae International Airport) is located on the western end of Busan, South Korea.

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Gimpo International Airport

Gimpo International Airport (김포국제공항), commonly known as Gimpo Airport (formerly Kimpo International Airport), is located in the far western end of Seoul, some west of the Central District of Seoul.

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Gochujang

Gochujang (고추장, Koryo-mar:кочхицай/кочхидян (regional)) is a savory, spicy, and pungent fermented Korean condiment made from red chili, glutinous rice, fermented soybeans and salt.

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Goguryeo

Goguryeo (37 BCE–668 CE), or Goryeo, was one of the ancient Three Kingdoms of Korea, located in the northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula and the southern and central parts of inner and outer Manchuria.

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Goheung County

Goheung County (Goheung-gun) is a county in Jeollanam-do Province, South Korea.

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Gojoseon

Gojoseon was an ancient Korean kingdom.

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Gojoseon–Han War

The Gojoseon–Han War was a campaign launched by the Han empire against Wiman Joseon of the Gojoseon kingdom between 109 and 108 BC.

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Goryeo

Goryeo, also known as Koryŏ (918–1392), was a Korean dynasty established in 918 by King Taejo.

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Greco-Roman wrestling

Greco-Roman (US) or Graeco-Roman (UK) wrestling is a style of wrestling that is practiced worldwide.

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Green growth

Green growth is a term to describe a path of economic growth that uses natural resources in a sustainable manner.

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Gross domestic product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

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GS Caltex

GS Caltex is a South Korean oil refiner.

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Guk

Guk (국), also sometimes known as Tang (탕), is a class of soup-like dishes in Korean cuisine.

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Gunsan

Gunsan is a city in North Jeolla Province, South Korea.

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Gwacheon

Gwacheon is a city in Gyeonggi-do Province, South Korea.

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Gwanggaeto the Great

King Gwanggaeto of Goguryeo (374–413) (r. 391–413) was the nineteenth monarch of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

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Gwanghwamun

Gwanghwamun is the main and largest gate of Gyeongbokgung Palace, in Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

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Gwangju

Gwangju is the sixth largest city in South Korea.

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Gwangju Biennale

The Gwangju Biennale, which was founded in September 1995 in the city of Gwangju in the South Jeolla province of South Korea, is Asia's first and most prestigious contemporary art biennale.

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Gwangju Democratization Movement

The Gwangju Democratization Movement, alternatively called May 18 Democratic Uprising by UNESCO,, refers to a popular uprising in the city of Gwangju, South Korea from May 18 to 27, 1980.

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Gyeongbu Line

The Gyeongbu Line (Gyeongbuseon) is the most important railway line in South Korea and one of the oldest.

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Gyeonggi Province

Gyeonggi-do (Hangul: 경기도) is the most populous province in South Korea.

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Gyeongui Line

The Gyeongui Line is a railway line between Seoul and Dorasan Station in Paju.

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Hahoe Folk Village

The Hahae Folk Village (Korean: 안동하회마을) is a traditional village from the Joseon Dynasty.

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Hallasan

Hallasan is a shield volcano on Jeju Island of South Korea.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.

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Handball

Handball (also known as team handball, Olympic handball, European team handball, European handball, or Borden ball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.

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Hangul

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul in South Korea and elsewhere and as Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea and China, is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century.

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Hanja

Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters (hanzi).

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Hanok

Hanok is a term to describe Korean traditional houses.

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Hanwha

Hanwha Group (Korean: 한화그룹) is one of the largest business conglomerate (''chaebol'') in South Korea.

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Hapkido

Hapkido (also spelled hap ki do or hapki-do) is a highly eclectic Korean martial art.

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Heliport

A heliport is a small airport suitable only for use by helicopters.

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Hendrick Hamel

Hendrick Hamel (1630 – 12 February 1692) was the first Westerner to write and experience first-hand in the Joseon Dynasty era in Korea (1666).

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Hepatitis A vaccine

Hepatitis A vaccine is a vaccine against the hepatitis A virus.

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Hermit kingdom

Hermit kingdom is a term applied to any country, organization or society which willfully walls itself off, either metaphorically or physically, from the rest of the world.

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High-speed rail

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.

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Hip hop music

Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.

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Historical revisionism (negationism)

Historical revisionism involves either the legitimate scholastic re-examination of existing knowledge about a historical event, or the illegitimate distortion of the historical record.

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History of Japan–Korea relations

For over 1,500 years, Japan and Korea had gone through cultural exchange, trade, war, and political contact which underlies their relations even today.

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History of Korea

The Lower Paleolithic era in the Korean Peninsula began roughly half a million years ago.

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History of South Korea

The history of South Korea formally begins with its establishment on 15 August 1948, although Syngman Rhee had officially declared independence two days prior.

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History of the Khitans

The history of the Khitans dates back to the 4th century.

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HIV

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

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Hockey

Hockey is a family of sports in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the opponent's goal using a hockey stick.

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Hollym (publishing house)

Hollym is a publishing house with offices in Seoul, Korea and New Jersey, USA.

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Honam Line

The Honam Line is a major railway line serving the Honam region (North and South Jeolla Provinces) in South Korea.

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Hong Sa-ik

Hong Sa-ik (4 March 1889 – 26 September 1946) was a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and the top-ranking ethnic Korean in Japan to be charged with war crimes relating to the conduct of the Empire of Japan in World War II.

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Hongik Ingan

Hongikingan is the official national motto of South Korea.

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Horse racing

Horse racing is an equestrian sport, involving two or more jockeys riding horses over a set distance for competition.

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Howitzer

A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles at relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.

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HUBO

HUBO (휴보 KHR-3) is a walking humanoid robot, head mounted on a life-size walking bipedal frame, developed by the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and released on January 6, 2005.

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Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

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Humanoid robot

A humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble that of the human body.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russian German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa or Cwa) is a zone of subtropical climate characterised by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.

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Hwang Kyo-ahn

Hwang Kyo-ahn (황교안, Hanja: 黃敎安; born 15 April 1957) is a South Korean lawyer who currently serves as the Prime Minister of South Korea since 18 June 2015.

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Hwang Woo-suk

Hwang Woo-suk (황우석, born January 29, 1953)Sources disagree on the birthdate due to confusion between different calendar systems.

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Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with chemical symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Hyun-jin Ryu

Hyun-jin Ryu (Hangul: 류현진; Hanja: 柳賢振; born March 25, 1987) is a South Korean professional baseball starting pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball (MLB).

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Hyundai Heavy Industries

Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. (HHI) is the world's largest shipbuilding company, headquartered in Ulsan, South Korea.

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Hyundai Mobis

Hyundai Mobis (short for Mobile and System) was, as of 2012, "the world’s No.

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Hyundai Motor Company

The Hyundai Motor Company (modernity) is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.

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Hyundai Motor Group

The Hyundai Motor Group is a South Korean multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.

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I Can Hear Your Voice

I Can Hear Your Voice is a 2013 South Korean television series starring Lee Bo-young, Lee Jong-suk, Yoon Sang-hyun and Lee Da-hee.

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IAAF World Championships in Athletics

The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).

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ICT Development Index

The ICT Development Index (IDI) is an index published by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union based on internationally agreed information and communication technologies (ICT) indicators.

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Immigration to South Korea

Immigration to South Korea is rising quickly due to a recent multicultural policy, with over 220,000 accepted in 2014.

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Imperial Japanese Army

The, literally "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire", was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan, from 1871 to 1945.

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Imperialism

Imperialism is a type of advocacy of empire.

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Incheon

Incheon (formerly romanized as Inchon; literally "kind river"), officially the Incheon Metropolitan City, is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east.

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Incheon Free Economic Zone

The Incheon Free Economic Zone (IFEZ), located in Incheon, South Korea is a Korean Free Economic Zone that consists of the three regions of Songdo, Cheongna, and the island of Yeongjong and has a total area of.

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Incheon International Airport

Incheon International Airport (IIA) (인천국제공항, sometimes referred to as Seoul-Incheon International Airport) is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world.

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Index of South Korea-related articles

This page list topics related to South Korea.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: in Mongolian script, and in Mongolian Cyrillic), officially Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the north of the country, containing most of China's border with Mongolia (the rest of the China-Mongolia border is taken up by the Xinjiang autonomous region and Gansu province) and a small section of the border with Russia.

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Inter-Korean Summit

Inter-Korean Summits are meetings between the leaders of North Korea and South Korea.

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International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

The International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling is an international environmental agreement signed in 1946 in order to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".

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International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité international olympique, CIO) is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre, Baron de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president.

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International rankings of South Korea

The following are international rankings of South Korea.

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International Triathlon Union

The International Triathlon Union (ITU) is the international governing body for the multi-sport disciplines of triathlon, duathlon, aquathlon and other nonstandard variations.

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International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983

The International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA, 1983) is an agreement to provide an effective framework for cooperation between tropical timber producers and consumers and to encourage the development of national policies aimed at sustainable utilization and conservation of tropical forests and their genetic resources.

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International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994

International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994 (ITTA, 1994) was drafted to ensure that by the year 2000 exports of tropical timber originated from sustainably managed sources and to establish a fund to assist tropical timber producers in obtaining the resources necessary to reach this objective.

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Iraq

Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.

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Irreligion

Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence of religion, an indifference towards religion, a rejection of religion, or hostility towards religion.

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Irreligion in South Korea

In 2005, according to figures compiled by the South Korean National Statistical Office, 46.5% of the population were classified as Irreligious, compared to 22.8% Buddhists, 18.3% Protestants, 10.9% Catholics, and 1.7% Other religions.

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Islam in Korea

In South Korea, Islam (이슬람교) is a small minority religion.

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ISO 4217

ISO 4217 is a standard published by International Organization for Standardization, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.

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ITER

ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor and Latin for "the way") is an international nuclear fusion research and engineering megaproject, which is currently building the world's largest experimental tokamak nuclear fusion reactor adjacent to the Cadarache facility in the south of France.

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Japan

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Japan–Korea disputes

There have been disputes between Japan and Korea (both North and South) on numerous issues over the years.

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Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910

The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, was made by representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire on August 22, 1910.

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Japanese history textbook controversies

Japanese history textbook controversies refers to controversial content in government-approved history textbooks used in the secondary education (junior high schools and high schools) of Japan.

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Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98)

The Japanese invasions of Korea comprised two separate yet linked operations: an initial invasion in 1592, a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597.

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Japanese war crimes

Japanese war crimes occurred in many Asian and Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Jeju Air

Jeju Air is a low cost airline based in Jeju City, Jeju-do, South Korea, offering scheduled domestic services between Jeju and the South Korean mainland out of Jeju International Airport or Gimpo International Airport, Seoul.

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Jeju International Airport

Jeju International Airport (Hangul: 제주국제공항, Hanja: 濟州國際空港, Revised Romanization of Korean: Jeju Gukje Gonghang, McCune-Reischauer: Cheju Kukche Konghang) is the 2nd largest airport in South Korea, just behind Incheon Airport in Incheon.

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Jejudo

Jejudo is the largest island on the Korean Peninsula, and the main island of Jeju Province.

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Jeongjo of Joseon

King Jeongjo (28 October 1752 – 18 August 1800) was the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (r. 1776-1800).

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Jeung San Do

Jeung San Do (증산도), also called Jeungsanism (증산교 Jeungsangyo), meaning "The Dao/Tao of Jeung-san", is a relatively new religion founded in South Korea.

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Jikji

Jikji is the abbreviated title of a Korean Buddhist document, whose title can be translated "Anthology of Great Buddhist Priests' Zen Teachings".

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Jirisan

Jirisan is a mountain in the southern region of South Korea.

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Jjigae

Jjigae is a Korean dish similar to a Western stew.

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Jogye Order

The Jogye Order, officially the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism (대한불교조계종, 大韓佛敎 曹溪宗) is the representative order of traditional Korean Buddhism with roots that date back 1,200 years to Unified Silla National Master Doui, who brought Seon (known as Zen in the West) and the practice taught by the Sixth Patriarch, Huineng, from China about 820 C.E. The name of the Order, Jogye, was adopted from the name of the village where Patriarch Huineng's home temple is located.

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Joint Security Area

The Joint Security Area (JSA) is the only portion of the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) where North and South Korean forces stand face-to-face.

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JoongAng Ilbo

JoongAng Ilbo (The Central Times) is a South Korean daily newspaper published in Seoul, South Korea.

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Jordan

Jordan (الأردن), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.

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Joseon

Joseon (also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun) was a Korean kingdom founded by Yi Seonggye that lasted for approximately five centuries, from July 1392 to October 1897. It was officially renamed the Korean Empire in October 1897. It was founded following the aftermath of the overthrow of Goryeo in what is today the city of Kaesong. Early on, Korea was retitled and the capital was relocated to modern-day Seoul. The kingdom's northernmost borders were expanded to the natural boundaries at the Yalu and Tumen Rivers through the subjugation of the Jurchens. Joseon was the last dynasty of Korea and its longest-ruling Confucian dynasty. During its reign, Joseon encouraged the entrenchment of Chinese Confucian ideals and doctrines in Korean society. Neo-Confucianism was installed as the new dynasty's state ideology. Buddhism was accordingly discouraged and occasionally faced persecutions by the dynasty. Joseon consolidated its effective rule over the territory of current Korea and saw the height of classical Korean culture, trade, science, literature, and technology. However, the dynasty was severely weakened during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, when the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) and the first and second Manchu invasions of 1636 nearly overran the Korean Peninsula, leading to an increasingly harsh isolationist policy for which the country became known as the "hermit kingdom". After the end of invasions from Manchuria, Joseon experienced a nearly 200-year period of peace. However, whatever power the kingdom recovered during its isolation further waned as the 18th century came to a close, and faced with internal strife, power struggles, international pressure and rebellions at home, the Joseon dynasty declined rapidly in the late 19th century. The Joseon period has left a substantial legacy to modern Korea; much of modern Korean etiquette, cultural norms, societal attitudes towards current issues, and the modern Korean language and its dialects derive from the culture and traditions of Joseon.

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Joseon Navy

The Joseon Navy (조선수군; Hanja: 朝鮮水軍) was the navy of the Korean dynasty of Joseon.

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Joseon white porcelain

Joseon white porcelain or Joseon baekja refers to the white porcelains produced during the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910).

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Judiciary

The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

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Judo

is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).

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June 15th North–South Joint Declaration

The June 15th North–South Joint Declaration was adopted between leaders of North and South Korea in June 2000 after various diplomatic meetings between the North and South.

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June Democratic Uprising

The June Democratic Uprising (Hangul: 6월 민주항쟁, Hanja: 6月民主運動) also known as the June Democracy Movement was a nationwide democracy movement in South Korea that generated mass protests from June 10 to June 29, 1987.

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Junichirō Koizumi

Junichiro Koizumi, born January 8, 1942, is a Japanese politician who was the 87th Prime Minister of Japan from 2001 to 2006.

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K League Challenge

The K League Challenge is a South Korean professional league for association football clubs.

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K League Classic

The K League Classic is one of South Korea's professional association football leagues.

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K-pop

K-pop (an abbreviation of Korean pop) is a musical genre originating in South Korea that is characterized by a wide variety of audiovisual elements.

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K1 88-Tank

The K1 is a South Korean main battle tank in use with the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, developed by Hyundai Precision (later Hyundai Rotem).

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K2 Black Panther

The K2 Black Panther (Hangul: K2 '흑표'; Hanja: K2 '黒豹') is a South Korean main battle tank that will replace most of the M48 Patton tanks and complement the K1 series of main battle tanks currently fielded by the Republic of Korea.

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K3 League

The K3 League is a top amateur football competition in South Korea.

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K9 Thunder

The K9 Thunder is a South Korean self-propelled 155 mm howitzer developed by Samsung Techwin for the Republic of Korea Armed Forces.

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Kaesong Industrial Region

The Kaesong Industrial Region (KIR) is a special administrative industrial region of North Korea (DPRK).

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KAI T-50 Golden Eagle

The KAI T-50 Golden Eagle (골든이글) is a family of South Korean supersonic advanced trainers and multirole light fighters, developed by Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) with the American aerospace company Lockheed Martin.

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KAIST

KAIST, formerly the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, is a public research university located in Daedeok Innopolis, Daejeon, South Korea.

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KATUSA

KATUSA (Korean: 카투사) stands for Korean Augmentation To the United States Army.

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KBO Futures League

KBO Futures League is South Korea's second level of baseball, below that of the KBO League.

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KBO League

The KBO League, originally called the Korea Baseball Championship (Romanization: Hanguk Yagu Seonsukkwon Daehoe) is the highest level league of baseball in South Korea.

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Kia Motors

Kia Motors Corporation (Gia Jadongcha), headquartered in Seoul, is South Korea's second-largest automobile manufacturer, following the Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 2.7 million vehicles in 2012 and almost 2.75 million vehicles in 2013.

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Kim Dae-jung

Kim Dae-jung (3 December 192518 August 2009) was the 8th President of South Korea from 1998 to 2003, and the 2000 Nobel Peace Prize recipient.

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Kim Il-sung

Kim Il-sung (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly referred to as North Korea, for 46 years, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.

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Kim Jong-il

Kim Jong-il (16 February 1941/1942 – 17 December 2011) was the supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly referred to as North Korea, from 1994 to 2011.

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Kim Young-sam

Kim Young-sam (born December 20, 1927) is a South Korean politician and democratic activist, who served as the seventh President of South Korea from 1993 to 1998.

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Kimchi

Kimchi, also spelled kimchee or gimchi, is a traditional fermented Korean side dish made of vegetables with a variety of seasonings.

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Korail

Korea Railroad Corporation (Korean: 한국철도공사, Hanja: 韓國鐵道公社), promoted as Korail (코레일), is the national railroad operator in South Korea.

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Korea

Korea, called Hanguk (한국; Hanja: 韓國) or Daehan (대한; Hanja: 大韓) in South Korea and Chosŏn (조선; Hanja: 朝鮮) in North Korea and elsewhere, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea (also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK) and South Korea (also known as the Republic of Korea, or ROK).

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Korea Aerospace Industries

Korea Aerospace Industries Ltd.

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Korea Coast Guard

The Korea Coast Guard (KCG; 해양경비안전본부; Hanja: 海洋警備安全本部, Revised Romanization: Haeyang-gyeongbi-anjeon-bonbu, literally Maritime Security and Safety Headquarters) is responsible for maritime safety and control off the coast of South Korea.

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Korea Electric Power Corporation

Korea Electric Power Corporation, better known as KEPCO, (한국전력공사: Hanguk Jeollyeok Gongsa) is the largest electric utility in South Korea, responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity and the development of electric power projects including those in nuclear power, wind power and coal.

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Korea Expressway Corporation

Korea Expressway Corporation is a South Korean corporation running the toll roads of South Korea.

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Korea Gas Corporation

Korea Gas Corporation (KOGAS) is a South Korean public natural gas company that was established by the Korean government in 1983.

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Korea International Circuit

The Korea International Circuit is a motorsport circuit located in Yeongam, South Jeolla, South Korea, 400 kilometres south of Seoul and near the port city of Mokpo.

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Korea National League

The Korea National League is a association football league, the third tier of the South Korean football league system.

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Korea Standard Time

Korea Standard Time (KST) is the standard time zone in South Korea and is 9 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+09:00): i.e., when it is midnight (00:00) UTC, it is 9 am (09:00) Korea Standard Time.

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Korea Strait

The Korea Strait is a sea passage between Japan and South Korea, connecting the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan in the northwest Pacific Ocean.

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Korea Train Express

Korea Train eXpress (KTX) is South Korea's high-speed rail system, operated by Korail.

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Korea under Japanese rule

Korea under Japanese rule is the culmination of a process that began with the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, whereby a complex coalition of Meiji government, military, and business officials sought to integrate Korea both politically and economically into the Empire of Japan, first as a protectorate through the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905, and then officially annexed in the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910.

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Korean Air

Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd., operating as Korean Air, is the largest airline in South Korea based on fleet size, international destinations and international flights.

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Korean alcoholic beverages

Korean culture has a wide variety of traditional alcoholic beverages, most of which are called by the Sino-Korean term ju (hangul: 주; hanja: 酒).

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Korean Armistice Agreement

The Korean Armistice Agreement is the armistice which ended the Korean War.

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Korean Basketball League

The Korean Basketball League, often abbreviated to the KBL, is the pre-eminent professional men's basketball league in South Korea.

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Korean Buddhism

Korean Buddhism is distinguished from other forms of Buddhism by its attempt to resolve what it sees as inconsistencies in Mahayana Buddhism.

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Korean Confucianism

Korean Confucianism is the form of Confucianism that emerged and developed in Korea.

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Korean Demilitarized Zone

The Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) is a strip of land running across the Korean Peninsula; it was established at the end of the Korean War to serve as a buffer zone between North and South Korea.

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Korean drama

Korean drama or K-drama refers to televised dramas in the Korean language, made in South Korea, mostly in a miniseries format, with distinctive features that set it apart from regular Western television series or soap operas.

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Korean e-Sports Association

The Korea e-Sports Association or KeSPA is a South Korean body established to manage e-sports in South Korea.

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Korean Empire

The Korean Empire (대한제국; Hanja: 大韓帝國; Daehan Jeguk; literally "Greater Korean Empire") was proclaimed in October 1897, after the Joseon dynasty officially exited the Imperial Chinese tributary system.

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Korean Folk Village

Minsok village is a living museum type of tourist attraction in the city of Yongin, a satellite city in the Seoul Metropolitan Area in the province of Gyeonggi in South Korea.

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Korean Grand Prix

The Korean Grand Prix (Korean: 코리아 그랑프리) was a Formula One race held in the Republic of Korea, from 2010 until 2013, when it was dropped from the Formula One calendar.

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Korean independence movement

The Korean independence movement was a military and diplomatic campaign to achieve the independence of Korea from Japan.

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Korean language

Korean (조선말, see below) is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea, as well as one of the two official languages in China's Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.

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Korean Peninsula

The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia.

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Korean pottery and porcelain

Korean ceramic history begins with the oldest earthenware from around 8000 BC.

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Korean reunification

The Arch of Reunification year 2001,Symbol of June 15th North–South Presidential Joint Declaration, Direction to Kae-Song City Highway, in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il 2nd National Summit, actively implement the the existing June 15th North–South Joint Declaration, Agreed with four neighbouring country presidential peace talks on the Korean peninsula measures, North Korea capital of Pyongyang Korean reunification refers to the potential future reunification of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea), the Republic of Korea (commonly known as South Korea), and the Korean Demilitarized Zone under a single government.

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Korean royal court cuisine

Korean royal court cuisine (Joseon Wangjo Gungjung yori) was the style of cookery within Korean cuisine traditionally consumed at the court of the Joseon Dynasty, which ruled Korea from 1392 to 1910.

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Korean shamanism

Korean shamanism, also known as Muism (무교 Mugyo "mu religion") or Sinism (신교 Singyo "religion of the shin ", is the ethnic religion of Korea and the Koreans.Jung Young Lee, 1981. p. 4 Although used synonymously, the two terms aren't identical: Jung Young Lee describes Muism as a form of Sinism - the shamanic tradition within the religion.Jung Young Lee, 1981. p. 5 Other names for the religion are Sindo ("Way of the Gods"), Sindoism (Sindogyo "religion of the Way of the Gods"), Gosindo ("Way of the Ancestral Gods"), and Pungwoldo ("Way of Brightness"). It has approximately 5-15 million followers. In contemporary Korean language the shaman-priest or mu is known as a mudang if female or baksu if male, although other names and locutions are used. Korean mu "shaman" is synonymous with Chinese wu, which defines priests both male and female. The role of the mudang is to act as intermediary between the spirits or gods, and the human plain, through gut (rituals), seeking to resolve problems in the patterns of development of human life. Central to the faith is the belief in Haneullim or Hwanin, meaning "source of all being",Jung Young Lee, 1981. p. 18 and of all gods of nature, the utmost god or the supreme mind.Jung Young Lee, 1981. p. 17 The mu are mythically described as descendants of the "Heavenly King", son of the "Holy Mother ", with investiture often passed down through female princely lineage. However, other myths link the heritage of the traditional faith to Dangun, male son of the Heavenly King and initiator of the Korean nation.Jung Young Lee, 1981. p. 13 Korean Muism has similarities with Chinese Wuism,Jung Young Lee, 1981. p. 21 Japanese Shinto, and with the Siberian, Mongolian, and Manchurian religious traditions. As highlighted by anthropological studies, the Korean ancestral god Dangun is related to the Ural-Altaic Tengri "Heaven", the shaman and the prince.Jung Young Lee, 1981. pp. 17-18 In some provinces of Korea the shaman is still called dangul dangul-ari. The mudang is similar to the Japanese miko and the Ryukyuan yuta. Muism has exerted an influence on some Korean new religions, such as Cheondoism and Jeung San Do. According to various sociological studies, many Christian churches in Korea make use of practices rooted in shamanism.

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Korean tea ceremony

The Korean tea ceremony or darye is a traditional form of tea ceremony practiced in Korea.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean Hangul: 한국전쟁, Hanja: 韓國戰爭, Hanguk Jeonjaeng, "Korean War"; in North Korean Chosungul: 조국해방전쟁, Joguk Haebang Jeonjaeng, "Fatherland Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.

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Korean Wave

The Korean Wave—or "Hánliú" (韓流), which literally means "flow of Korea"—a is a neologism referring to the increase in the popularity of South Korean culture since the late 1990s.

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Koreans

The Koreans (alternatively, see names of Korea) are a historic people based in the Korean Peninsula and Manchuria.

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Koreans in China

The population of Koreans in China include millions of descendants of Korean immigrants with citizenship of the People's Republic of China, as well as smaller groups of South and North Korean expatriates, with a total of roughly 2.3 million people, making it the largest ethnic Korean population living outside the Korean Peninsula.

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KT Corporation

No description.

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Kuk Sool Won

Kuk Sool Won is a Korean martial arts system founded by Suh In-Hyuk, the kuk sa nim (grandmaster) in 1961.

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Kumdo

Kumdo is a modern Korean martial art that shares origins with and is similar to Japanese Kendo.

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Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1

Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1 or Gwangmyeongseong-1 (Chosungul: 광명성 1호, Hanja: 光明星 1號, meaning Bright Star 1) was a satellite launched by North Korea on 31 August 1998.

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Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty, which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits State Parties to reduce greenhouse gases emissions, based on the premise that (a) global warming exists and (b) man-made CO2 emissions have caused it.

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Langley, Virginia

Langley is an unincorporated community in the census-designated place of McLean in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.

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Later Silla

Later Silla (668–935) or Unified Silla is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, when it conquered Baekje in 660 and Goguryeo in 668, unifying the southern and middle portion of the Korean peninsula.

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Launch vehicle

In spaceflight, a launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface into outer space.

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League of Legends

League of Legends (LoL) is a multiplayer online battle arena, real-time strategy video game developed and published by Riot Games, for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. It is a free-to-play game supported by micro-transactions and inspired by the mod, Defense of the Ancients for the video game Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne.

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Lebanon

Lebanon (or; لبنان or; Lebanese Arabic:; Aramaic: לבנאן; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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Legislature

A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.

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Lelang Commandery

Lelang was one of the Chinese commanderies which was established after the fall of Wiman Joseon in 108 BC until Goguryeo conquered it in 313.

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LG Corporation

LG Corporation (Korean: LG 법인) formerly Lucky Goldstar (Korean: Leokki Geumseong (럭키금성/樂喜金星)) is a South Korean multinational conglomerate corporation.

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LG Display

LG Display (Korean: LG 디스플레이) is the world's largest LCD panel maker.

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LG Electronics

LG Electronics Inc. (LG전자) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Yeouido-dong, Seoul, and a member of the LG Group, employing 83,000 people working in 119 local subsidiaries worldwide.

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LG Uplus

LG Uplus Corp. (LG유플러스; stylized as LG U+) is a South Korean cellular carrier owned by the LG Group, Korea's fourth largest conglomerate and parent company of the consumer electronics giant.

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Liancourt Rocks

The Liancourt Rocks, also known as Dokdo or Tokto (literally solitary island) in Korean, and in Japanese, are a group of small islets in the Sea of Japan.

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Liancourt Rocks dispute

The Liancourt Rocks dispute is a territorial dispute between Japan and South Korea.

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Liberal democracy

Liberal democracy is a political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of liberalism.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Library of Congress Country Studies

The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.

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Life expectancy

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including gender.

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List of companies of South Korea

This is a list of notable companies based in South Korea, grouped by their Industry Classification Benchmark sector.

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List of countries by 25–34 year olds having a tertiary education degree

This is a list of countries by 25–34 year olds having a tertiary education degree as published by the OECD.

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List of countries by 4G LTE penetration

This is a list of countries by 4G LTE penetration as measured by Juniper Networks in 2013 and published by Bloomberg.

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List of countries by exports

This is a list of countries by merchandise exports, based on the The World Factbook of the CIA.

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List of countries by imports

This is a list of countries by imports, based on the World Trade Organization and The World Factbook.

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List of countries by Internet connection speeds

This list of countries by Internet connection speed lists the Akamai State of the Internet Report "Average Connection Speed" (ACS) of TCP-level Internet access by end-users accessing content on the Akamai content delivery network.

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List of countries by IoT devices online

This is a list of countries by Internet of Things devices online per 100 inhabitants as published by the OECD in 2015.

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List of countries by military expenditures

This article is a list of countries by military expenditure, the amount spent by a nation on its military in a given year.

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List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel.

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List of countries by research and development spending

This is a list of countries by research and development (R&D) spending in real terms and as per latest data available.

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List of countries by smartphone penetration

This is a list of countries by smartphone penetration as measured by Google's Our Mobile Planet.

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List of countries by women's average years in school

This is a list of countries by the average number of years of school attended by women between 25 and 34 years old, including primary, secondary and tertiary education published by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2010.

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List of IMF ranked countries by past and projected GDP (nominal)

This is an alphabetical list of countries by past and future gross domestic product as ranked by the IMF.

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List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core.

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List of national parks of South Korea

The national parks of South Korea are preserved parcels of public land on which most forms of development are prohibited.

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List of North Korean missile tests

There have been a number of North Korean missile tests.

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List of OECD countries by health care outcome

This is a list of countries by health care outcome as published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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List of South Korean tourist attractions

This is a list of tourist attractions in South Korea.

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List of the largest information technology companies

This is a list of the world's largest technology companies by revenue.

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Lists of countries by GDP

List of countries by GDP may refer to.

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Lotte (conglomerate)

Lotte Co., Ltd. is a multinational food, chemicals and shopping corporation with headquarters in South Korea and Japan.

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Lotte Confectionery

Lotte Confectionery is a South Korean company headquartered in Yangpyeong-dong Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, Korea.

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M109 howitzer

The M109 is an American 155mm self-propelled howitzer, first introduced in the early 1960s.

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Makgeolli

Makgeolli, also known as "makkoli", "makoli", "makguli", "makgoli", or "makuly (takju)", is an alcoholic beverage native to Korea.

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Manchuria

Manchuria is a modern name given to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.

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Maoism

Mao Zedong Thought, or Maoism, is a political theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong (1893–1976).

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Marado

Marado or Mara Island is an island 8 km off the south coast of Jeju, in southernmost South Korea, having an area of 0.3 km².

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March 1st Movement

The March 1st Movement, also known as Sam-il (3·1) Movement was one of the earliest public displays of Korean resistance during the occupation of Korea by Japan.

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Market economy

A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.

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MARPOL 73/78

MARPOL 73/78 is the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978.

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Martial arts

Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a variety of reasons: self-defense, competition, physical health and fitness, entertainment, as well as mental, physical, and spiritual development.

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Masan

Masan was a former capital city of South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.

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May 16 coup

The May 16 coup was a military coup d'état in South Korea in 1961, organized and carried out by Park Chung-hee and his allies who formed the Military Revolutionary Committee, nominally led by Army Chief of Staff Chang Do-yong after the latter's acquiescence on the day of the coup.

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McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle

The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter, derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.

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McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II

The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor aircraft/fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL), or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m.a.s.l.), is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation of a location in reference to historic mean sea level; the determination of what actually constitutes mean sea level over time however, may be determined by other parameters, such as the effects of climate history and climate change, and may have differed in the past, as well as in the future, from that established by historic, modern, documented elevations.

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Mexico

Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

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Micro combined heat and power

Micro combined heat and power or micro-CHP is an extension of the idea of cogeneration to the single/multi family home or small office building in the range 0,3 - 50 kW.

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Millennium

A millennium (plural millennia) is a period of time equal to 1000 years.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty, or the Great Ming, also called the Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism

South Korea's Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MCST) is a central government agency responsible for the areas of tourism, culture, art, religion, and sports.

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Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (South Korea)

The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) is a branch of the South Korean government.

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Miracle on the Han River

The Miracle on the Han River is a term used to refer to South Korea's postwar export-fueled economic growth, including rapid industrialization, technological achievement, education boom, large rise in living standards, rapid urbanization, skyscraper boom, modernization, successful hosting of the 1988 Summer Olympics and co-hosting of the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

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Missile Technology Control Regime

The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) is an informal and voluntary partnership between 34 countries to prevent the proliferation of missile and unmanned aerial vehicle technology capable of carrying a 500 kg payload for at least 300 km.

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Mobile phone

A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone, hand phone, or simply a phone) is a phone that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around a wide geographic area.

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Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles), existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

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Mongol invasions of Korea

The Mongol invasions of Korea (1231–1259) comprised a series of campaigns between 1231 and 1270 by the Mongol Empire against the Kingdom of Goryeo (the proto-state of modern-day Korea).

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Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.

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Moon Embracing the Sun

Moon Embracing the Sun (also known as The Sun and the Moon) is a 2012 South Korean television drama series, starring Kim Soo-hyun, Han Ga-in, Jung Il-woo and Kim Min-seo.

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Multi-National Force – Iraq

The Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNF–I), often referred to as the coalition forces, was a military command during the 2003 invasion of Iraq—codenamed "Operation Iraqi Freedom"—and much of the ensuing Iraq War, led by the United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia and Poland, responsible for conducting and handling military operations.

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My Love from the Star

My Love from the Star (literally You Who Came from the Stars) is a South Korean television series about an alien who landed on Earth in the Joseon Dynasty and, 400 years later, falls in love with a top actress in the modern era.

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My Lovely Sam Soon

My Lovely Sam-soon (lit. My Name Is Kim Sam-soon) is a South Korean television series that aired on MBC from June 1 to July 21, 2005 on Wednesdays and Thursdays at 21:55 for 16 episodes.

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Naju

Naju (Naju-si) is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.

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Nakdong River

The Nakdong River is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan.

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Names of Seoul

Seoul has been known in the past by the successive names Wiryeseong (위례성; 慰禮城, Baekje era), Namgyeong (남경; 南京, Goryeo era), Hanseong (한성; 漢城, Joseon era) or Hanyang (한양; 漢陽).

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Naro Space Center

Naro Space Center is a South Korean spaceport in South Jeolla's Goheung County, operated by the state-run Korea Aerospace Research Institute.

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Naro-1

Naro-1 (나로호), previously designated the Korea Space Launch Vehicle or KSLV, is South Korea's first carrier rocket.

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National Assembly (South Korea)

The National Assembly, officially the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea, is the 300-member unicameral national legislature of South Korea.

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National Statistical Office (South Korea)

Statistics Korea "aims at prompting services of overall planning and coordination of national statistics, establishment of statistical standards, production & distribution of various economic and social statistics, processing & management of statistical information and provision of various statistical data.".

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National Treasures of South Korea

The National Treasures of Korea are a numbered set of tangible treasures, artifacts, sites, and buildings which are recognized by the South Korean government as having exceptional artistic, cultural and historical value to the country.

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Neo-Confucianism

Neo-Confucianism (often shortened to 理學) is a moral, ethical, and metaphysical Chinese philosophy influenced by Confucianism, and originated with Han Yu and Li Ao (772-841) in the Tang Dynasty, and became prominent during the Song and Ming dynasties.

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Networked Readiness Index

The World Economic Forum's Networked Readiness Index (NRI) measures the propensity for countries to exploit the opportunities offered by information and communications technology (ICT).

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New Community Movement

The New Community Movement, also known as the New Village Movement, Saemaul Movement or Saema'eul Movement, was a political initiative launched on April 22, 1970 by South Korean president Park Chung Hee (박정희, 朴正熙) to modernize the rural South Korean economy.

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New religious movement

A new religious movement (NRM) is a religious community or spiritual group of modern origins, which has a peripheral place within its nation's dominant religious culture.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.

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Noodle

Noodles are a staple food in many cultures made from unleavened dough which is stretched, extruded, or rolled flat and cut into one of a variety of shapes.

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North Chungcheong Province

North Chungcheong Province, or Chungcheongbuk-do, is a province in the centre of South Korea.

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North Gyeongsang Province

North Gyeongsang Province (경상북도; RR: Gyeongsangbuk-do), also known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea.

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North Jeolla Province

North Jeolla Province or Jeollabuk-do (전라북도; 全羅北道; Jeollabuk-do) is a province in the southwest of South Korea.

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North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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North–South States Period

North–South States Period (698–926 CE) is the period in Korean history when Silla and Balhae coexisted in the south and north of the peninsula, respectively.

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Northeast China

Northeast China, historically also known as Manchuria, is a geographical region of China.

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Northrop F-5

The Northrop F-5A/B Freedom Fighter and the F-5E/F Tiger II are part of a supersonic light fighter family, initially designed in the late 1950s by Northrop Corporation.

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Nuclear family

A nuclear family or elementary family is a family group consisting of a pair of adults and their children.

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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power station.

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Nuclear power in South Korea

The total electrical generation capacity of the nuclear power plants of South Korea is 20.5 GWe from 23 reactors.

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Nuclear reactor

A nuclear reactor, formerly known as atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a sustained nuclear chain reaction.

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Official script

An official script is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions.

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Okjeo

Okjeo was a Korean tribal state which arose in the northern Korean peninsula from perhaps the 2nd century BC to the 5th century AD.

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Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

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Olympic Park, Seoul

Seoul Olympic Park, shortened to Olpark, is an Olympic Park built to host the 1988 Summer Olympics.

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Olympic weightlifting

Olympic weightlifting, also called '''Olympic-style weightlifting''', or weightlifting, is an athletic discipline in the modern Olympic programme in which the athlete attempts a maximum-weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates.

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Ondol

An ondol, also called gudeul (Korean: 구들), in Korean traditional architecture, is underfloor heating which uses direct heat transfer from wood smoke to the underside of a thick masonry floor.

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Optical fiber

An optical fiber (or optical fibre) is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Osan

Osan is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea, approximately 35 km south of Seoul.

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Oslo Dumping Convention

The Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft also called the Oslo Convention was an international agreement designed to control the dumping of harmful substances from ships and aircraft into the sea.

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Outline of South Korea

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to South Korea: South Korea – densely populated sovereign presidential republic located on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula in East Asia.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Pansori

Pansori (판소리, also spelled p'ansori) is a Korean genre of musical storytelling performed by a vocalist and a drummer.

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Park Chung-hee

Park Chung-hee (14 November 191726 October 1979) was a South Korean president and military general who led South Korea from 1961 until his assassination in 1979.

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Park Geun-hye

is the eleventh and current President of South Korea.

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People's Volunteer Army

The (Chinese) People's Volunteer Army (PVA or CPVA) was the armed forces deployed by the People's Republic of China during the Korean War.

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Pepero

Pepero (빼빼로) is a cookie stick, dipped in compound chocolate, manufactured by Lotte Confectionery in South Korea since 1983.

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Pew Research Center

The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank based in Washington, D.C., that provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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PISA 2012

PISA 2012 was the fifth survey of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment, testing about 510 000 students around age 15 in 65 countries and economies on mathematics, science and reading.

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Playful Kiss

Playful Kiss (also known as Mischievous Kiss or Naughty Kiss) is a 2010 South Korean romantic-comedy television series, starring Jung So-min and Kim Hyun-joong.

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Pocky

is a Japanese snack food produced by Ezaki Glico.

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Pohang

Pohang is a city in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea, and a main seaport in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk region.

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Pollution

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.

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Population

A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.

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POSCO

POSCO (formerly Pohang Iron and Steel Company) is a multinational steel-making company headquartered in Pohang, South Korea.

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Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity.

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Presbyterian Church in Korea (HapDong)

The Presbyterian Church in Korea (HapDong) is an Evangelical Presbyterian denomination, which is the biggest Christian church in South Korea.

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Presbyterian Church in Korea (Koshin)

The Presbyterian Church in Korea (Koshin) also called Korea-pa - is a Evangelical Reformed and Presbyterian denomination in the Republic of South Korea, but congregations are spread in North America and in many other countries.

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Presbyterian Church of Korea (TongHap)

The Presbyterian Church of Korea (TongHap) is a mainline Protestant denomination based in South Korea; it currently has the second largest membership of any Presbyterian denomination in the world.

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Presbyterianism

Presbyterianism is a part of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to the British Isles.

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Presbyterianism in South Korea

Most Presbyterian denominations in South Korea share the name Presbyterian Church in Korea.

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President of South Korea

The President of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대통령; 大韓民國大統領) is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairman of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.

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Presidential system

A presidential system is a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

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Prime Minister of South Korea

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea is appointed by the South Korean President with the National Assembly's approval.

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Primorsky Krai

Primorsky Krai (p), informally known as Primorye (Примо́рье), is a federal subject of Russia (a krai).

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Princess Hours

Princess Hours (lit. "Palace") is a 2006 South Korean romantic comedy television series, starring Yoon Eun-hye, Ju Ji-hoon, Kim Jeong-hoon and Song Ji-hyo.

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Printing press

A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.

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Professional

A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified activity.

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Programme for International Student Assessment

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a worldwide study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in member and non-member nations of 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on mathematics, science, and reading.

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Proliferation Security Initiative

The Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) is a global effort that aims to stop trafficking of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their delivery systems, and related materials to and from states and non-state actors of proliferation concern.

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Proto–Three Kingdoms of Korea

Proto–Three Kingdoms of Korea (or Samhan) refers to the proto-historical period in the Korean Peninsula, after the fall of Gojoseon and before the maturation of Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla into full-fledged kingdoms.

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Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty

The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, also known as the Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, or the Madrid Protocol, is part of the Antarctic Treaty System.

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Provinces of Korea

This article describes the historical development of Korea's provinces (Do; hangul: 도; hanja: 道).

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Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea

The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was a partially recognized Korean government-in-exile, based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chongqing (then spelt Chungking), during the Japanese Korean period.

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Psy

Park Jae-sang (born December 31, 1977), hangul: 박재상, hanja: 崔祐俊, better known by his stage name Psy (싸이), stylized PSY, is a South Korean singer, songwriter, record producer and rapper.

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Public domain

Works in the public domain are those whose intellectual property rights have expired, have been forfeited, or are inapplicable.

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Pyeongchang County

Pyeongchang (in full, Pyeongchang-gun) is a county in Gangwon province, South Korea located in the Taebaek Mountains region.

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Pyongyang

Pyongyang (literally: "Flat Land" or "Peaceful Land", approved: P’yŏngyang; several variants) is the capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea) and the largest city in the country.

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Ramsar Convention

The Ramsar Convention (formally, the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands,, retrieved 2011-07-10 recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value.

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Recession

In economics, a recession is a business cycle contraction.

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Regional power

In international relations, a regional power is a state that has power within a geographic region.

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Renewable Energy Certificate (United States)

Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs), also known as Green tags, Renewable Energy Credits, Renewable Electricity Certificates, or Tradable Renewable Certificates (TRCs), are tradable, non-tangible energy commodities in the United States that represent proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from an eligible renewable energy resource (renewable electricity).

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Renewable portfolio standard

A Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) is a regulation that requires the increased production of energy from renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal.

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Republic

A republic (from res publica) is a form of government or country in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law.

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Republic of Korea Air Force

The Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF; 대한민국 공군; Hanja: 大韓民國 空軍; Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Gong-gun), also known as the ROK Air Force, is the aerial warfare service branch of South Korea, operating under the South Korean Ministry of National Defense.

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Republic of Korea Army

The Republic of Korea Army (ROKA; 대한민국 육군; Hanja: 大韓民國 陸軍; Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Yuk-gun), also known as the ROK Army, is the army of South Korea, responsible for ground-based warfare.

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Republic of Korea Marine Corps

The Republic of Korea Marine Corps (ROKMC; 대한민국 해병대; Hanja: 大韓民國海兵隊; Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Haebyeongdae), also known as the ROK Marine Corps, or the ROK Marines, is the marine corps of South Korea.

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Republic of Korea Navy

No description.

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Research and development

Research and Development (R&D), also known in Europe as research and technical (or technological) development (RTD), is a general term for activities in connection with corporate or governmental innovation.

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Revised Romanization of Korean

The Revised Romanization of Korean (국어의 로마자 표기법; lit. Roman letter notation of national language) is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea proclaimed by Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, replacing the older McCune–Reischauer system.

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Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Righteous Army

Righteous armies, sometimes called irregular armies or militias, have appeared several times in Korean history, when the national armies were in need of assistance.

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Robotics

Robotics is the branch of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering and computer science that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.

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Rock music

Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States.

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Roh Moo-hyun

Roh Moo-hyun GOM (1 September 1946 – 23 May 2009) was the ninth President of the Republic of Korea (2003–2008).

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Roh Tae-woo

Roh Tae-woo (born December 4, 1932) is a former South Korean politician and ROK Army general who served as the sixth president of South Korea from 25 February 1988 to 25 February 1993.

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ROKS Cheonan sinking

The ROKS Cheonan sinking occurred on 26 March 2010, when the Cheonan, ''Pohang''-class corvette of the Republic of Korea Navy, carrying 104 personnel, sank off the country's west coast near Baengnyeong Island in the Yellow Sea, killing 46 seamen.

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Roman Catholicism in South Korea

The Catholic Church in South Korea (called Cheonjugyo, Hangul: 천주교; Hanja: 天主教; literally, "Religion of the Lord of Heaven") is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

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Russia

Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.

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Russo-Japanese War

The Russo-Japanese War (8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.

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S-Oil

S-Oil Corporation (hangul:에쓰오일) is a petroleum and refinery company, headquartered in Seoul, Korea.

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Samhan

The Samhan period of Korean history (also Proto-Three Kingdoms of Korea) comprises confederacies of Mahan, Jinhan, and Byeonhan in central and southern Korean peninsula, during the final century BCE and the early centuries CE.

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Samsung

Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.

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Samsung C&T Corporation

Samsung C&T Corporation (C&T.

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Samsung Electronics

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Korean: 삼성전자; Hanja: 三星電子) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea.

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Samsung Life Insurance

Samsung Life Insurance (Korean: 삼성생명보험) is a South Korean multinational insurance company headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, and a subsidiary of the Samsung Group.

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Screen quotas

Screen quotas are a legislated policy that enforces a minimum number of screening days of domestic films in the theater each year to protect the nation’s films.

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Sea of Japan

The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Asian mainland, the Japanese archipelago and Sakhalin.

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Second Manchu invasion of Korea

The second Manchu invasion of Korea occurred in 1636, when the Manchu Qing Empire defeated Korea's Joseon dynasty, forcing it to recognize the Qing Empire as the rightful dynasty of China, instead of the previous Ming Dynasty.

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Second Republic of South Korea

The Second Republic of South Korea was the government of South Korea for eight months in 1960 and 1961.

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Secret Garden (South Korean TV series)

Secret Garden is a 2010 South Korean television drama, starring Ha Ji-won, Hyun Bin, Yoon Sang-hyun, and Kim Sa-rang.

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Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations.

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Sejong City

Sejong (Hangul: 세종, hanja: 世宗), officially Sejong Metropolitan Autonomous City (Hangul: 세종특별자치시, hanja: 世宗特別自治市) and formerly known as Yeongi (연기, 燕岐) County is South Korea's de facto administrative capital city.

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Sejong the Great

Sejong the Great (May 15, 1397 – April 8, 1450, r. 1418–1450) was the fourth king of Joseon-dynasty Korea.

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Sejong the Great-class destroyer

The Sejong the Great-class destroyers (Sejongdaewang-Ham or Hangul: 세종대왕급 구축함, Hanja: 世宗大王級驅逐艦), also known as KD-III, are guided missile destroyers of the Republic of Korea Navy.

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Seo Taiji and Boys

Seo Taiji and Boys was a South Korean boy band active from 1992 to 1996.

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Seoul

Seoul – officially the Seoul Special City – is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea, forming the heart of the Seoul Capital Area, which includes the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province, the world's second largest metropolitan area with over 25.6 million people.

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Seoul Capital Area

The Seoul Capital Area (SCA) is the metropolitan area of Seoul located in the north-west of South Korea.

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Seoul Metropolitan Subway

The Seoul Metropolitan Subway has been described as the world's longest multi-operator metro system by route length.

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Seoul National University

Seoul National University (SNU; Korean, 서울대학교, Seoul Daehakgyo, colloquially Seouldae) is a national research university located in Seoul, the capital of Korea.

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Seoul Olympic Museum

The Seoul Olympic Museum is a museum dedicated to the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea.

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Seoul Race Park

Seoul Race Park is a 40,000 capacity Korean thoroughbred racetrack in Gwacheon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.

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Sesame oil

Sesame oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from sesame seeds.

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Seventh Air Force

United States Air Forces Korea and USAFK redirect here. The Seventh Air Force (7 AF) is a Numbered Air Force of the United States Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).

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Shamanism

Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world.

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Shin-Soo Choo

Shin-Soo Choo (Hangul: 추신수; Hanja: 秋信守; born July 13, 1982) is a South Korean professional baseball right fielder for the Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball (MLB).

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Shiri (film)

Shiri is a 1999 South Korean action film, written and directed by Kang Je-gyu.

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Shooting

Shooting is the act or process of discharging firearms or other projectile weapons such as bows or crossbows.

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Short track speed skating

Short track speed skating is a form of competitive ice speed skating.

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Silla

Silla (57 BC57 BC according to the Samguk Sagi; however Seth 2010 notes that "these dates are dutifully given in many textbooks and published materials in Korea today, but their basis is in myth; only Goguryeo can be traced back to a time period that is anywhere near its legendary founding." – 935 AD) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, and one of the world's longest sustained dynasties.

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SK Group

SK Group (Korean: SK그룹, 에스케이그룹), also known as SK Holdings, is one of the largest conglomerates (chaebol) in South Korea.

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SK Telecom

SK Telecom Co., Ltd. (Hangul: SK텔레콤 or 에스케이텔레콤) is a South Korean wireless telecommunications operator, it is part of the SK Group, one of the country's largest chaebols.

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Smoking

Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.

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Snuppy

Snuppy (Korean: 스너피 a portmanteau of "SNU" and "puppy" also known as "doggy"; born April 24, 2005) is an Afghan hound, credited with being the world's first cloned dog.

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Socotra Rock

Socotra Rock, also known as Ieodo or sometimes Parangdo, is a submerged rock 4.6 metres (15 ft) below sea level (at low tide) located in the Yellow Sea.

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Soju

Soju is a distilled beverage containing ethanol and water.

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South Chungcheong Province

South Chungcheong Province, or Chungcheongnam-do (abbreviated Chungnam), is a province in the west of South Korea.

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South Gyeongsang Province

South Gyeongsang Province (경상남도; Gyeongsangnam-do) is a province in the southeast of South Korea.

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South Jeolla Province

South Jeolla Province or Jeollanam-do is a province in the southwest of South Korea.

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South Korea national baseball team

The South Korean national baseball team (대한민국 야구 국가대표팀) is the national baseball team of South Korea, having participated in the Summer Olympic Games of 1984, 1988, 1996 and 2000.

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South Korea national basketball team

Umiastauskaitė The Korean national basketball team (alternate names include Republic of Korea and South Korea) is the team representing South Korea in international men's basketball competitions.

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South Korea national football team

The Korea Republic national football team represents South Korea in international association football and is controlled by the Korea Football Association.

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South Korean presidential election, 1987

Presidential elections were held in South Korea on 16 December 1987.

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South Korean presidential election, 2012

The 18th South Korean presidential election was held in South Korea on 19 December 2012.

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South Korean won

The won (원) (symbol: ₩; code: KRW) or the Korean Republic Won is the currency of South Korea.

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South Vietnam

South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), governed the southern half of Vietnam until 1975.

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Sovereign state

In international law, a sovereign state is a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.

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Sovereignty

Sovereignty is understood in jurisprudence as the full right and power of a governing body to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies.

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Soviet Union

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

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Soyuz TMA-12

Soyuz TMA-12 was a Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was launched by a Soyuz FG rocket at 11:16 UTC on 8 April 2008.

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Spaceport

A spaceport or cosmodrome (Космодро́м, kosmodrom) is a site for launching (or receiving) spacecraft, by analogy with seaport for ships or airport for aircraft.

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Special cities of South Korea

Special cities are one of the first-level administrative division within South Korea.

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Speed skating

Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in travelling a certain distance on skates.

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StarCraft II: Heart of the Swarm

StarCraft II: Heart of the Swarm is an expansion pack to the military science fiction real-time strategy game StarCraft II: Wings of Liberty by Blizzard Entertainment.

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State religion

A state religion (also called an established religion, state church, established church, or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state.

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Stew

A stew is a combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid and served in the resultant gravy.

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Subak

Subak is either a specific or generic ancient Korean martial art.

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Suicide in South Korea

South Korea has a relatively high suicide rate among developed nations, although the rate has been continuously declining in recent years due to proactive prevention efforts by both public and private organizations.

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Suncheon Bay Ecological Park

Suncheon Bay Ecological Park is a protected natural area near Suncheon, South Korea.

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Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Sungkyunkwan Scandal is a 2010 South Korean fusion historical drama about a girl who disguises herself as a boy while attending Sungkyunkwan, the Joseon Dynasty's highest educational institute, where no women were allowed.

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Sunshine Policy

The Sunshine Policy was the foreign policy of South Korea towards North Korea from 1998 until Lee Myung-bak's election to presidency in 2007.

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Surrender of Japan

The surrender of the Empire of Japan was announced by Imperial Japan on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

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Suwon

Suwon (Hangul: 수원, Hanja: 水原) is the capital and largest metropolis of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea's most populous province which surrounds Seoul, the national capital.

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Switzerland

Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.

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Syngman Rhee

Syngman Rhee (I Seungman,; April 18, 1875 – July 19, 1965) was a South Korean statesman, the first president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and the first president of South Korea.

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Table tennis

Table tennis, also known as ping pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using a small, round bat.

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Taejo of Goryeo

Taejo of Goryeo (January 31, 877 – July 4, 943), also known as Taejo Wang Geon (Wang Kon, 왕건), was the founder of the Goryeo Dynasty, which ruled Korea from the 10th to the 14th century.

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Taejo of Joseon

Taejo of Joseon (October 27, 1335 – June 18, 1408), born Yi Seong-gye, whose changed name is Yi Dan, was the founder and the first king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea reigning from 1392 to 1398, and the main figure in overthrowing the Goryeo Dynasty.

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Taekkyeon

Taekkyeon is a traditional Korean martial art first explicitly recorded in the Joseon Dynasty.

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Taekwondo

Taekwondo is a Korean martial art with a heavy emphasis on kicks.

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Taiwan

Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Talchum

Talchum could be characterized as a Korean dance performed while wearing a mask, miming, speaking and even sometimes singing.

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Tang Soo Do

Tang Soo Do (Hangul: 당수도) is a Korean martial art incorporating fighting principles from subak (as described in the Kwon Bup Chong Do), as well as northern Chinese kung fu.

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Tank

A tank is a large type of armoured fighting vehicle with tracks, designed for front-line combat.

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Tap water

Tap water (running water, city water, municipal water, etc.) is water supplied to a tap (valve).

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Techno

Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.

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Telephone numbers in South Korea

Telephone numbers in South Korea are organized and assigned using the following scheme.

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The Boston Globe

The Boston Globe is an American daily newspaper based in Boston, Massachusetts.

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The Chosun Ilbo

The Chosun Ilbo (literally "Korea Daily") is one of the major newspapers in South Korea.

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The Koreans (book)

The Koreans: Who They Are, What They Want, Where Their Future Lies is a non-fiction book by British journalist Michael Breen.

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The Legend (TV series)

The Legend (lit. "Story of the First King's Four Gods") is a 2007 South Korean historical fantasy television series, starring Bae Yong-joon, Lee Ji-ah, Moon So-ri and Choi Min-soo.

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The Straits Times

The Straits Times is an English-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore currently owned by Singapore Press Holdings (SPH).

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook (ISSN; also known as the CIA World Factbook) is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Three Kingdoms of Korea

The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (百濟), Silla (新羅) and Goguryeo (高句麗).

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Tofu

Tofu, also known as bean curd, is a food made by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks.

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Toyotomi Hideyoshi

was a preeminent daimyo, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".

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Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea

The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (Japanese:; Korean: 한일기본조약, 韓日基本條約, Hanil Gibon Joyak) was signed on June 22, 1965.

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Triathlon

A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance disciplines.

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Tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

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Trot (music)

Trot (Korean 트로트 teuroteu; sometimes called 뽕짝 ppongjjak due to its distinctive background rhythm) is a genre of Korean pop music, and is recognized as the oldest form of Korean pop music.

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Tteokbokki

Tteokbokki (떡볶이; also known as teokbokki, ddeokbokki, topokki, and dukboki) is a popular Korean snack food made from soft rice cake, fish cake and sweet red chili sauce; gochujang.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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Turtle ship

A turtle ship, also known as Geobukseon (거북선), was a type of large Korean warship that was used intermittently by the Royal Korean Navy during the Joseon dynasty from the early 15th century up until the 19th century.

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Type 214 submarine

The Type 214 is a diesel-electric submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW).

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Ulleungdo

Ulleung-do (also spelled Ulreungdo) is a South Korean island 120 km (75 mi) east of the Korean Peninsula, formerly known as Dagelet to Europeans.

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Ulsan

Ulsan, officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.

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United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates (دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE,الامارات is a country located in the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing sea borders with Qatar and Iran.

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United Daily News

The United Daily News is a newspaper published in the Taiwan in Traditional Chinese.

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United Nations Command

The United Nations Command (UNC) is the unified command structure for the multinational military forces supporting South Korea (the Republic of Korea or ROK) during and after the Korean War.

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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty, is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place between 1973 and 1982.

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United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (UNCCD) is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements.

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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty (currently the only international climate policy venue with broad legitimacy, due in part to its virtually universal membership) negotiated at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven American uniformed services.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.

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United States Forces Korea

United States Forces Korea (USFK) is a sub-unified command of United States Pacific Command (USPACOM).

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Universiade

The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU).

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Unmanned aerial vehicle

An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone and also referred to as a remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.

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Upland and lowland (freshwater ecology)

In studies of the ecology of freshwater rivers, habitats are classified as upland and lowland.

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Uranium market

The uranium market, like all commodity markets, has a history of volatility, moving not only with the standard forces of supply and demand, but also to whims of geopolitics.

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Uruguay national football team

The Uruguayan national football team represents Uruguay in international association football and is controlled by the Uruguayan Football Association, the governing body for football in Uruguay.

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V-League (South Korea)

The V-League is a South Korean club volleyball competition.

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Venice Biennale

The Venice Biennale (La Biennale di Venezia; in English also called the "Venice Biennial") is an arts organisation based in Venice, and also the original and principal exhibition it organises.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Voice of America

The Voice of America (VOA) is the official external broadcast institution of the United States federal government.

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Volcano

A volcano is a rupture on the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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Volleyball

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.

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War on Terror

The War on Terror (WoT), also known as the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), refers to the international military campaign that started after the September 11 attacks on the United States.

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Western world

The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to different nations depending on the context.

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White-collar worker

In many countries (like Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, or the United States), a white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work.

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Whitney Biennial

The Whitney Biennial is a biennale exhibition of contemporary American art, typically by young and lesser known artists, on display at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, USA.

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Wiman Joseon

Wiman Joseon (194–108 BC) was part of the Gojoseon period (2333 BC? - 108 BC) of Korean history.

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Winter Olympic Games

The Winter Olympic Games (French: Jeux olympiques d'hiver) is a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years.

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Winter Sonata

Winter Sonata (also known as Winter Love Story or Winter Ballad) is a South Korean television drama series that aired on KBS2 in 2002.

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WK League

The WK League (Hangul:WK리그) is the top level women's football league in South Korea.

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Women's Korean Basketball League

The Women's Korean Basketball League (WKBL) is the premier women's basketball league in South Korea.

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Won Buddhism

Wŏn Buddhism (원불교) is a modernized form of Buddhism that seeks to make enlightenment possible for everyone and applicable to regular life.

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World Bank high-income economy

A high-income economy is defined by the World Bank as a country with a gross national income per capita above US$12,735 in 2014, calculated using the Atlas method.

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World Heritage Site

A World Heritage Site is a place (such as a building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural or physical significance.

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World Intellectual Property Indicators

WIPO's World Intellectual Property Indicators is an annual report providing a wide range of indicators covering the areas of intellectual property.

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World Justice Project

The World Justice Project (WJP) is an independent, multidisciplinary organization working to advance the rule of law around the world.

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Yang Sung-chul

Yang Sung-chul (born 20 November 1939) is a South Korean political scientist, politician, and diplomat.

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Yangdong Folk Village

Yangdong Folk Village (Yangdong Village of Gyeongju) is a traditional village from the Joseon Dynasty.

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Yasukuni Shrine

is a Shinto shrine in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.

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Yellow Sea

The Yellow Sea is the name given to the northern part of the East China Sea, which is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean.

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Yeongam County

Yeongam is a city and county in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.

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Yeongjo of Joseon

Yeongjo (31 October 1694 – 22 April 1776, reigned 16 October 1724 – 22 April 1776) was the 21st king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty.

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Yi So-yeon

Yi So-yeon (born June 2, 1978) is a scientist who became the first Korean to fly in space.

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Yi Sun-sin

Yi Sun-sin (April 28, 1545 – December 16, 1598) was a Korean naval commander, famed for his victories against the Japanese navy during the Imjin war in the Joseon Dynasty, and is well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well.

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You're Beautiful (TV series)

You're Beautiful is a 2009 South Korean musical romantic comedy television drama series, starring Park Shin-hye, Jang Keun-suk, Lee Hong-gi of F.T. Island and Jung Yong-hwa of CN Blue.

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Zaytun Division

The Zaytun Division (자이툰 부대; Tîpa Zeytûnê) was a Republic of Korea Army contingent operating in Iraqi Kurdistan from September 2004 to December 2008, carrying out peacekeeping and other reconstruction-related tasks as South Korea's contribution to the Iraq War.

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.kr

.kr is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for South Korea (Republic of Korea).

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124th meridian east

The meridian 124° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, Australia, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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130th meridian east

The meridian 130° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, Australia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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1960 AFC Asian Cup

The 1960 AFC Asian Cup was the second edition of the tournament.

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1967 ABC Championship

The 1967 Asian Basketball Confederation Championship for Men were held in Seoul, South Korea.

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1986 Asian Games

The 10th Asian Games were held from September 20, 1986 to October 5, 1986 in Seoul, South Korea.

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1986 FIFA World Cup

The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th FIFA World Cup, was held in Mexico from 31 May to 29 June 1986.

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1988 Summer Olympics

The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, in which 2 years before, the Asian Games were celebrated, which took place from 20 September – 5 October 1986.

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1993 North Korean missile test

A North Korean missile test occurred on May 29 and 30, 1993.

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1995 ABC Championship

The 1995 Asian Basketball Confederation Championship for Men were held in Seoul, South Korea.

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1997 Asian financial crisis

The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion.

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1997 Winter Universiade

The 1997 Winter Universiade, the XVIII Winter Universiade, took place in Muju, South Korea.

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1999 Asian Winter Games

The 4th Asian Winter Games were held from January 30 to February 6, 1999 in the mountainous northern province of Gangwon, South Korea.

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2002 Asian Games

The 2002 Asian Games, also known as XIV Asiad is a multi-sport event held in Busan, South Korea from September 29 to October 14, 2002.

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2002 FIFA World Cup

The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th staging of the FIFA World Cup which took place from 31 May to 30 June 2002 in South Korea and Japan.

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2003 Summer Universiade

The 2003 Summer Universiade, also known as the XXII Summer Universiade, took place in Daegu, South Korea.

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2006 North Korean nuclear test

The 2006 North Korean nuclear test was the detonation of a nuclear device conducted by North Korea on October 9, 2006.

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2006 World Baseball Classic

The 2006 World Baseball Classic was the inaugural tournament between national baseball teams that included players from Major League Baseball.

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2007 FIFA U-17 World Cup

The FIFA U-17 World Cup 2007, the twelfth edition of the tournament, was held in South Korea between 18 August and 9 September 2007.

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2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from 8 to 24 August 2008.

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2009 North Korean nuclear test

The 2009 North Korean nuclear test was the underground detonation of a nuclear device conducted on Monday, May 25, 2009 by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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2009 World Baseball Classic

The 2009 World Baseball Classic was an international baseball competition.

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2010 Asian Games

The 2010 Asian Games, also known as the XVI Asiad, was a multi-sport event celebrated in Guangzhou, China from November 12 to 27, 2010.

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2010 FIFA World Cup

The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.

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2010 G-20 Seoul summit

The 2010 G20 Seoul Summit was the fifth meeting of the G-20 heads of government, to discuss the global financial system and the world economy,Cho Jin-seo.

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2010 Winter Olympics

The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as Vancouver 2010, informally the 21st Winter Olympics, were a major international multi-sport event held from February 12 to 28, 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the resort town of Whistler.

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2011 World Championships in Athletics

The 13th IAAF World Championships in Athletics was an international athletics competition that was held in Daegu, South Korea.

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2012 Summer Olympics

The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was a major international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

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2014 Asian Games

The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the XVII Asiad, was a multi-sport event celebrated in Incheon, South Korea from September 19 – October 4, 2014, with 439 events in 36 sports and disciplines featured in the Games.

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2014 Formula One season

The 2014 Formula One season was the 65th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars.

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2015 Summer Universiade

The 2015 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXVIII Summer Universiade, was held in the city of Gwangju, South Korea.

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2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup

The 2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup will be the 21st edition of the FIFA U-20 World Cup, the biennial international men's youth football championship contested by the under-20 national teams of the member associations of FIFA, since its inception in 1977 as the FIFA World Youth Championship.

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2018 Winter Olympics

The 2018 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as PyeongChang 2018, is a major international multi-sport event scheduled to take place from 9 to 25 February 2018, in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

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2019 World Aquatics Championships

The 2019 World Aquatics Championships — 18th FINA World Aquatics Championships will be held in Gwangju, South Korea in summer 2019.

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33rd parallel north

The 33rd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 33 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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39th parallel north

The 39th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 39 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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Redirects here:

Corea Republic, Corean Republic, Daehan Minguk, Daehanmingook, Daehanminguk, Daehanminkook, Daehanminkuk, Free Korea, ISO 3166-1:KR, Korea (R.O.K.), Korea (ROK), Korea (Republic of), Korea (Seoul), Korea (South), Korea Republic, Korea South, Korea, Republic Of, Korea, Republic of, Korea, S, Korea, South, Korean Republic, Modern Corea, Nam Chosun, Namjoseon, R. Korea, R.O.K., ROK, Republic Of Korea, Republic of Corea, Republic of KOREA, Republic of Korea, Republic of South Korea, Republic of korea, Republican Corea, Republican Korea, S Korea, S. Korea, S. Korean, S. Koreans, S.Korea, SKorea, So. Korea, South Corea, South Korea/Economy, South Korean, South Koreans, South Kroea, South corea, South korea, South-Korea, South-korea, Taehan-min'guk, The republic of korea, 大韓民國, 韓國, 남한, 대한민국, 한국.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korea

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