454 relations: Abuja, Abyei, Abyei status referendum, Acacia, Acholi people, Addis Ababa Bole International Airport, African buffalo, African Union, African wild dog, Afrobeat, Agence France-Presse, Akobo Airport, Akobo, South Sudan, Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera English, Alek Wek, Amadi State, Amnesty International, Anataban Campaign, Anglican Communion, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Animism, Anjelina Lohalith, Antelope, Anuak people, Anyanya, Arab culture, Arab League, Arab world, Arabic, Asharq Al-Awsat, Asmara International Airport, Association football, Ater Majok, Athir Thomas, Australia, Avukaya people, Aweil East State, Aweil State, Éliane Duthoit, Bahr el Ghazal (region of South Sudan), Baka people (Congo and South Sudan), Balanda Bviri people, Bandingilo National Park, Bari, Bari language, Bari people, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, Barrel (unit), BBC News, ..., BBC Online, Belgium, Bloomberg Television, Boda boda, Boma National Park, Boma State, Bongo (antelope), Boya people, Brasília, Brazil, Bushland, Cabinet of South Sudan, Cairo International Airport, Canada, Canberra, Catholic Church, Cattle raiding, CECAFA, Census, Central African Republic, Central Equatoria, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Sudanic languages, Chadic languages, Charles George Gordon, Child marriage, Children in the military, Chimpanzee, China National Petroleum Corporation, Christian, Christianity, Chromium, CNN, Commiphora, Committee to Protect Journalists, Common eland, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Commonwealth of Nations, Comprehensive Peace Agreement, Confederation of African Football, Constitution of South Sudan, Copper, Council of States (South Sudan), Daily Nation, Darfur, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Demographics of South Sudan, Deng Alor Kuol, Deng Gai, Dialect, Diamond, Diaspora, Dictatorship, Didinga people, Dinka language, Dinka people, Dominic Dim Deng, Dracunculiasis, Dufile, East Africa, East Africa Time, East African Community, East African Legislative Assembly, East African montane forests, East Sudanian Savanna, Eastern Equatoria, Eastern Lakes State, Ecoregion, Egypt, Egyptian revolution of 2011, Emin Pasha, Emmanuel Jal, English language, Entebbe International Airport, Episcopal Church (United States), Equatoria, Essam Sharaf, Ethiopia, Ethnic group, Ethnic religion, Ethnic violence in South Sudan, Famine, Fangak State, Fashoda Incident, Fashoda State, Federal Research Division, Federalism, Feeder Airlines, FIFA, First Sudanese Civil War, Folk music, Foreign relations of South Sudan, Fox News, Fragile States Index, France, Freedom of religion, Freedom of the press, Fund for Peace, Gbudwe, Gbudwe State, Geneva Conventions, Genocide, George Steinmetz, Germany, Giant eland, Giant forest hog, Gogrial State, Gok State, Gold, Gondokoro, Great Britain men's national basketball team, Greater Upper Nile, Guor Marial, Hardwood, Hartebeest, Head of government, Head of state, Heglig, Heglig Crisis, Hip hop, History of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, History of Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty, HIV/AIDS, Horn of Africa, Human Rights Watch, Hydropower, ICANN, Imatong State, Improved water source, Independence, Independent Olympic Athletes at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Indigenous language, Infant mortality, Infrastructure, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Internally displaced person, International Monetary Fund, International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, IRIN, Iron ore, Islam, Isma'il Pasha, Israel, Italy, Jacob Aligo, James Moga, James Wani Igga, Jiye people, John Garang, Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Jonglei State, Joseph Kony, Joseph Lagu, Juba, Juba Arabic, Juba County, Juba International Airport, Jubek State, Jumma Genaro, Kaligi people, Kapoeta State, Kaya, South Sudan, Kenya, Kenyan Premier League, Khamis Martin, Khartoum, Khartoum International Airport, Khedive, Kob, Kodok, Kordofan, Kueth Duany, Kuku people, Lado Enclave, Lakes (state), Landlocked country, Latjoor State, Lawrence Lual Lual, League for the Fifth International, Leon Uso Khamis, LGBT rights in South Sudan, Library of Congress, Library of Congress Country Studies, Limestone, Lingua franca, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of heads of state of South Sudan, Lol State, Lord's Resistance Army, Los Angeles Lakers, Lost Boys of Sudan, Lotuko people, Luo dialect, Luo peoples, Luol Deng, Ma'di language, Maiwut State, Malakal Airport, Malaria, Mandari people, Manute Bol, Margret Hassan, Maridi, Maridi State, Maternal death, Médecins Sans Frontières, Mecca, Medium of instruction, Member states of the Arab League, Member states of the United Nations, Mica, Middle East Monitor, Minority Rights Group International, Modern Standard Arabic, Monkey, Moru people, Muhammad Ahmad, Muhammad Ali dynasty, Mundu, Mundu people, Murle language, Murle people, Muslim, Mwananchi Communications, National Basketball Association, National Geographic Society, National language, National Legislative Assembly (South Sudan), National Legislature (South Sudan), Navi Pillay, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, News24, Nhial Deng Nhial, Nigeria, Nile lechwe, Nilo-Saharan languages, Nilotic languages, Nilotic peoples, Nimule Airport, Nomad, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic, Northern Liech State, Nuba Mountains, Nuer language, Nuer people, Nuer White Army, Ochre, Official language, Oil refinery, Oil reserves, Omar al-Bashir, One-party state, Oryx, Paris Club, Petroleum, Pew Research Center, Pibor, Planned community, Pojulu people, Politics of Sudan, Port Sudan, Presbyterian Church in Sudan, Presidential system, Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan, Rail transport in Kenya, Rail transport in South Sudan, Ramciel, Rape, Red river hog, Red Sea (state), Refugee, Reggae, ReliefWeb, Religious syncretism, Republic, Republics in the Commonwealth of Nations, Reuters, Rhythm and blues, Richard Cockett, Richard Justin Lado, Riek Machar, Rose Lokonyen, Roy Gulwak, Rumbek Airport, Ruweng State, SABMiller, Sahel, Salva Kiir Mayardit, Samuel Baker, Santino Kenyi, Second Sudanese Civil War, Secondary education, Shilluk people, Sib (anthropology), Silver, Slavery, Slavery in Sudan, Society for the Study of the Sudans UK, Somalia, South Kordofan, South Sudan, South Sudan at the 2016 Summer Olympics, South Sudan national basketball team, South Sudan national football team, South Sudan National Olympic Committee, South Sudan Oyee!, South Sudan People's Defense Forces, South Sudanese Civil War, South Sudanese diaspora, South Sudanese independence referendum, 2011, South Sudanese pound, Southern Liech State, Southern National Park, Southern Star Airlines, Southern Sudan Autonomous Region (1972–83), Southern Sudan Autonomous Region (2005–11), Southern Sudan Beverages Limited, Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly, States of South Sudan, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sudan, Sudan People's Liberation Movement, Sudan People's Liberation Movement-in-Opposition, Sudan Studies Association, Sudan Tribune, Sudanese Armed Forces, Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, Sudanese in Israel, Sudanese nomadic conflicts, Sudd, Supreme court, Swahili language, Sweden, Taban Deng Gai, Tanzania, TED (conference), Telephone numbers in South Sudan, Terekeka State, The Citizen (South Sudan), The Independent, The World Factbook, Thon Maker, Tonj State, Topi, Toposa people, Torture, Totalitarianism, Tropical rainforest, Tungsten, Tusker F.C., Twic State, Uganda, Uganda national basketball team, Uganda Railways Corporation, UNESCO, United Democratic Front (South Sudan), United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Mission in South Sudan, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1999, United States, United States Department of State, Unity State, Upper Nile (state), Vice President of South Sudan, Vice President of Sudan, Violence against women, Wadelai, War in Darfur, Warrap (state), Water is Basic, Water supply in South Sudan, Wau Airport, Wau State, Wau, South Sudan, West Africa, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Western Equatoria, Western Lakes State, White Nile, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation Society, World Bank, World Food Programme, World Happiness Report, Yaba Angelosi, Yambio, Yei River State, Yei, South Sudan, Zande language, Zande people, Zinc, Zouk, .ss, 13th parallel north, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2014 Bentiu massacre, 24th meridian east, 36th meridian east, 3rd parallel north. Expand index (404 more) » « Shrink index
Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).
The Abyei Area (أبيي) is an area of in Sudan accorded "special administrative status" by the 2004 Protocol on the Resolution of the Abyei Conflict (Abyei Protocol) in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the Second Sudanese Civil War.
The Abyei status referendum is a delayed referendum that was originally due to be held in 2011 in which the residents of Abyei can decide either to remain part of the Sudanese South Kordofan region or to become part of the Bahr el Ghazal region of South Sudan.
Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.
Acholi (also Acoli) is a Luo Nilotic ethnic group from the eastern Part of South Sudan Magwi County and Northern Uganda (an area commonly referred to as Acholiland), including the districts of Agago, Amuru, Gulu, Kitgum, Nwoya, Lamwo, and Pader.
Addis Ababa Bole International Airport based the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The African buffalo or Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a large African bovine.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
The African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), also known as African hunting dog, African painted dog, painted hunting dog, or painted wolf, is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa.
Afrobeat, also known as afrofunk, is a music genre which developed in the 1970s when African musicians began combining elements of West African musical styles such as jùjú music and highlife with American funk and jazz influences, with a focus on chanted vocals, complex intersecting rhythms, and percussion.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Akobo Airport is an airport serving the town of Akobo, in South Sudan.
Akobo is a town in South Sudan.
Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
Al Jazeera English (AJE) is an international state-funded 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel owned and operated by Al Jazeera Media Network, headquartered in Doha, Qatar.
Alek Wek (born 16 April 1977) is a South Sudanese-British model and designer who began her fashion career at the age of 18 in 1995.
Amadi State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
The Anataban Campaign (انا تعبان, Ana Taban, meaning "I am tired") is an artist collective based in Juba, South Sudan.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (السودان الإنجليزي المصري) was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan.
Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Anjelina Nadai Lohalith (born 1993, credited as January 1) is a track and field athlete originally from South Sudan, but now living and training in Kenya.
An antelope is a member of a number of even-toed ungulate species indigenous to various regions in Africa and Eurasia.
The Anuak, also known as the Anyuak, Agnwak and Anywaa, are a Luo Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting parts of East Africa.
The Anyanya (also Anya-Nya) were a southern Sudanese separatist rebel army formed during the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972).
Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Asharq al-Awsat (الشرق الأوسط, meaning "The Middle East") is an Arabic international newspaper headquartered in London.
Asmara International Airport, formerly known as Yohannes IV International Airport, is the international airport of Asmara, the capital of Eritrea.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Ater James Majok (pronounced Ah-TARE Mah-jook; born 4 July 1987) is a Sudanese-born Australian-Lebanese professional basketball player for Sagesse Club of the Lebanese Basketball League.
Athir Thomas Magor Abdo Gaber (born 14 February 1987 in Juba, South Sudan) is a South Sudanese footballer, who currently plays.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Avukaya is an ethnic group of South Sudan.
Aweil East also known as Abiem State, is a state in the Republic of South Sudan.
Aweil State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015.
Éliane Duthoit (born 1946 in Brittany), a French citizen, is a senior United Nations official at the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
The Bahr el Ghazal is a historical region of northwestern South Sudan.
The Baka are an ethnic group from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Western Equatoria in South Sudan.
The Balanda Bviri are an ethnic group living in the South Sudanese state of Western Bahr el Ghazal.
The Bandingilo National Park, sometimes spelled Badingilo, is located in South Sudan's Equatoria region.
Bari (Barese: Bare; Barium; translit) is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari and of the Apulia region, on the Adriatic Sea, in southern Italy.
Bari is the Nilotic language of the Karo people, spoken over large areas of Central Equatoria state in South Sudan, across the northwest corner of Uganda, and into the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The Bari people, also known as the Karo, are a Nilotic ethnic group mainly inhabiting South Sudan, as well as adjacent parts of southwestern Ethiopia.
Dr Barnaba Marial Benjamin Bil is a South Sudanese politician.
A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts; there are dry barrels, fluid barrels (such as the UK beer barrel and US beer barrel), oil barrels and so on.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Online, formerly known as BBCi, is the BBC's online service.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bloomberg Television (typically referred to on-air as simply Bloomberg) is an American-based international cable and satellite business news television channel, owned by Bloomberg L.P. It is distributed globally, reaching over 310 million homes worldwide.
Boda boda are bicycle & motorcycle taxis commonly found in East Africa.
Boma National Park is a protected area in eastern South Sudan near the Ethiopian border.
Boma State is one of the 32 states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015.
The bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) is a herbivorous, mostly nocturnal forest ungulate.
The Boya (also spelled Buya; called Larim and Langorim by the Didinga people) are an ethnic group numbering 20,000 to 25,000 people living in Budi County, part of the Greater Kapoeta region of the South Sudanese state of the erstwhile Eastern Equatoria.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Bushland is a blanket term for land which supports remnant vegetation or land which is disturbed but still retains a predominance of the original floristics and structure.
The Cabinet of South Sudan is the Executive Branch of the Government of South Sudan.
Cairo International Airport (Arabic:; Maṭār El Qāhira El Dawly) is the international airport of Cairo and the busiest airport in Egypt and serves as the primary hub for EgyptAir, EgyptAir Express and Nile Air as well as several other airlines.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cattle raiding is the act of stealing cattle.
The Council for East and Central Africa Football Associations (Conseil des Associations de Football d'Afrique de l'Est et Centrale, مؤتمر جمعيات شرق ووسط أفريقيا لكرة القدم; officially abbreviated as CECAFA) is an association of the football playing nations in East and Central Africa.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Central Equatoria State was one of the original ten states of South Sudan.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Sudanic is a family of about sixty languages that have been included in the proposed Nilo-Saharan language family.
The Chadic languages form a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.
Major-General Charles George Gordon CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator.
Child marriage is a formal marriage or informal union entered into by an individual before reaching a certain age, specified by several global organizations such as UNICEF as minors under the age of 18.
Children in the military are children (defined by the Convention on the Rights of the Child as persons under the age of 18) who are associated with military organisations, such as state armed forces and non-state armed groups.
The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.
The China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)A common shortname for the corporation in Chinese, Zhongguo Shiyou (中国石油), formerly shared the same name as the Chinese Petroleum Corporation, the Republic of China (Taiwan)'s state-owned fuel corporation.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The genus of the myrrhs, Commiphora, is the most species-rich genus of flowering plants in the frankincense and myrrh family, Burseraceae.
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) is an American independent non-profit, non-governmental organization, based in New York City, New York with correspondents around the world.
The common eland (Taurotragus oryx), also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa.
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with nineteen member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA, اتفاقية السلام الشامل, Ittifāqiyyah al-salām al-šāmil), also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was an accord signed on January 9, 2005, by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan.
The Confederation of African Football or CAF (Confédération Africaine de Football) is the administrative and controlling body for African association football.
The Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011 was drafted by a Southern Sudan Constitutional Drafting Committee.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
The Council of States was established in 2011 by the interim constitution of South Sudan 2011.
The Daily Nation is the highest circulation Kenyan independent newspaper with 170,000 copies.
Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
South Sudan is home to around 60 indigenous ethnic groups and 80 linguistic partitions among a population of around million.
Deng Alor Kuol (دينق ألور) is a South Sudanese politician.
Deng Gai (born March 22, 1982) is a South Sudanese former professional basketball player.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.
A diaspora (/daɪˈæspərə/) is a scattered population whose origin lies in a separate geographic locale.
A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders with either no party or a weak party, little mass mobilization, and limited political pluralism.
The Didinga (diDinga) occupy the Didinga Mountains region in Budi County, Eastern Equatoria State in South Sudan.
Dinka (natively Thuɔŋjäŋ, Thuɔŋ ee Jieng or simply Jieng) is a Nilotic dialect cluster spoken by the Dinka people, the major ethnic group of South Sudan.
The Dinka people (Jiɛ̈ɛ̈ŋ) are a community, composed of many ethnic groups, inhabiting the East and West Banks of River Nile, from Mangalla to Renk, regions of Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile (former two of three Southern Provinces in Sudan) and Abyei Area of the Angok Dinka in South Khordofan of Sudan.
Dominic Dim Deng (1 March 1950 – 2 May 2008) was a senior member of Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement, a distinguished military veteran General and the first Defence Minister in the Government of Southern Sudan who lost his life alongside his wife Madam Josephine Apieu Jenaro Aken, senior politician Dr.
Dracunculiasis, also called Guinea-worm disease (GWD), is an infection by the Guinea worm.
Dufile (also Dufilé, Duffli, Duffle, or Dufli) was originally a fort built by Emin Pasha, the Governor of Equatoria, in 1879; it is located on the Albert Nile just inside Uganda, close to a site chosen in 1874 by then-Colonel Charles George Gordon to assemble steamers that were carried there overland.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa.
The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) is a sub-organ of the larger East African Community, being the legislative arm of the Community.
The East African montane forests is a montane tropical moist forest ecoregion of eastern Africa.
The East Sudanian Savanna is a hot, dry, tropical savanna ecoregion of Central and East Africa.
Eastern Equatoria is one of the ten states of South Sudan.
Eastern Lakes State is one of the 32 states of South Sudan.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Egyptian revolution of 2011, locally known as the January 25 Revolution (ثورة 25 يناير), and as the Egyptian Revolution of Dignity began on 25 January 2011 and took place across all of Egypt.
Schnitzer in 1875 Mehmed Emin Pasha (born Isaak Eduard Schnitzer, baptized Eduard Carl Oscar Theodor Schnitzer; March 28, 1840 – October 23, 1892) was an Ottoman physician of German Jewish origin, naturalist, and governor of the Egyptian province of Equatoria on the upper Nile.
Emmanuel Jal (born Jal Jok c. 1980) is a South Sudanese-Canadian artist, actor, former child soldier, and political activist.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Entebbe International Airport is the principal international airport of Uganda.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Equatoria is a region of southern South Sudan, along the upper reaches of the White Nile.
Essam Abdel-Aziz Sharaf (عصام عبد العزيز شرف,; born 1952) is an Egyptian academic who was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 3 March 2011 to 7 December 2011.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
In religious studies, an ethnic religion (or indigenous religion) is a religion associated with a particular ethnic group.
Ethnic violence in South Sudan has a long history among South Sudan's varied ethnic groups.
A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.
Fangak State (previously named Western Bieh State) is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
The Fashoda Incident or Crisis was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between Britain and France in Eastern Africa, occurring in 1898.
Fashoda State (previously named Western Nile State) is one of the 32 states of South Sudan, formed on 2 October 2015.
The Federal Research Division (FRD) is the research and analysis unit of the United States Library of Congress.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Feeder Airlines was an airline based in Juba, South Sudan.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
The First Sudanese Civil War (also known as the Anyanya Rebellion or Anyanya I, after the name of the rebels, a term in the Madi language which means 'snake venom') was a conflict from 1955 to 1972 between the northern part of Sudan and the southern Sudan region that demanded representation and more regional autonomy. Half a million people died over the 17 years of war, which may be divided into three stages: initial guerrilla war, Anyanya, and South Sudan Liberation Movement. However, the agreement that ended the First Sudanese Civil War's fighting in 1972 failed to completely dispel the tensions that had originally caused it, leading to a reigniting of the north-south conflict during the Second Sudanese Civil War, which lasted from 1983 to 2005. The period between 1955 and 2005 is thus sometimes considered to be a single conflict with an eleven-year ceasefire that separates two violent phases.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
The foreign relations of South Sudan are the relations between the Republic of South Sudan and sovereign states and international organizations.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
The Fragile States Index (FSI; formerly the Failed States Index) is an annual report published by the United States think tank the Fund for Peace and the American magazine Foreign Policy since 2005.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
The Fund for Peace is a US non-profit, non-governmental research and educational institution.
Gbudwe was the Azande King in South Sudan in 1870–1905.
Gbudwe State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan created on 2 October 2015.
Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
George Steinmetz (born 1957) is an American photographer.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus), also known as the Lord Derby eland, is an open-forest and savanna antelope.
The giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni), the only member of its genus, is native to wooded habitats in Africa and generally is considered the largest wild member of the pig family, Suidae; a few subspecies of the wild boar can reach an even larger size.
Gogrial State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
Gok is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Gondokoro island is located in Jubek State and was located in the erstwhile state of Central Equatoria before 2015.
The Great Britain men's national basketball team, known as Great Britain or GB, is the national team for Great Britain in basketball.
The Greater Upper Nile is a region of northeastern South Sudan.
Guor Mading Maker, also known as Guor Marial (born 15 April 1984) is a South Sudanese track and field athlete.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
The hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), also known as kongoni, is an African antelope.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Heglig, or Panthou (also spelled Pandthow or Heglieg or even Hedwig), is a small town at the border between the South Kordofan state of Sudan and the Unity State in South Sudan.
The Heglig Crisis was a brief war fought between the countries of Sudan and South Sudan in 2012 over oil-rich regions between South Sudan's Unity and Sudan's South Kordofan states.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
This article discusses the history of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan during the history of Sudan from 1899 to 1955.
The history of Egypt under the Muhammad Ali Pasha dynasty (1805–1953) spanned the later period of Ottoman Egypt, the Khedivate of Egypt under British patronage, and the nominally independent Sultanate of Egypt and Kingdom of Egypt, ending with the Revolution of 1952 and the formation of the Republic of Egypt.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts into the Guardafui Channel, lying along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden and the southwest Red Sea.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Hydropower or water power (from ύδωρ, "water") is power derived from the energy of falling water or fast running water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces and numericalspaces of the Internet, ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Imatong State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
An improved water source (or improved drinking-water source or improved water supply) is a term used to categorize certain types or levels of water supply for monitoring purposes.
Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.
Four Independent Olympic Athletes competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, in the United Kingdom.
An indigenous language or autochthonous language is a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people, often reduced to the status of a minority language.
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is an eight-country trade bloc in Africa.
An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who is forced to flee his or her home but who remains within his or her country's borders.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (Public Law 105–292, as amended by Public Law 106–55, Public Law 106–113, Public Law 107–228, Public Law 108–332, and Public Law 108–458) was passed to promote religious freedom as a foreign policy of the United States, and to advocate on the behalf of the individuals viewed as persecuted in foreign countries on the account of religion.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a function of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and Internet numbers.
IRIN (formerly Integrated Regional Information Networks) is a news agency focusing on humanitarian stories in regions that are often forgotten, under-reported, misunderstood or ignored.
Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Isma'il Pasha (إسماعيل باشا Ismā‘īl Bāshā, Turkish: İsmail Paşa), known as Ismail the Magnificent (31 December 1830 – 2 March 1895), was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of the United Kingdom.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jacob Aligo is a South Sudanese politician.
James Joseph Saeed Moga (born 14 June 1983) is a South Sudanese football striker who plays for Rangdajied United, Shillong, Meghalaya, in the Shillong Premier League.
James Wani Igga (born 1949) is a South Sudanese politician who is currently serving as the Vice President of South Sudan. He was previously Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly and secretary general of the SPLM.
The Jiye are an ethnic group living in the Kathangor Hills in Eastern Equatoria state, South Sudan.
John Garang de Mabior (June 23, 1945 – July 30, 2005) was a Sudanese politician and leader.
Jomo Kenyatta International Airport is an international airport in Nairobi, the capital of and largest city in Kenya.
Jonglei is a state of South Sudan.
Joseph Rao Kony (born July 24, 1961) is the leader of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), a guerrilla group that formerly operated in Uganda.
Joseph Lagu (born 21 November 1931, in a hamlet called Momokwe in Moli, northern region of Madiland, about 80 miles south of Juba, Sudan, currently South Sudan) is a South Sudanese military figure and politician.
Juba (جوبا) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of South Sudan.
Juba Arabic is a lingua franca spoken mainly in Equatoria Province in South Sudan, and derives its name from the town of Juba, South Sudan.
Juba County was an administrative area in Central Equatoria state, South Sudan.)) It was the largest county in Central Equatoria and one of the largest in the entire region of Equatoria. Its county seat was Juba, the state capital of Central Equatoria and the national capital of the Republic of South Sudan. Its population according to the disputed 2008 census conducted by the Republic of the Sudan, prior to South Sudanese independence, was 372,413. In 2015, the county was turned into the state of Jubek.
Juba Airport is an airport serving Juba, the capital city of South Sudan.
Jubek State is the capital state of South Sudan.
Juma Genaro Awad (born 28 February 1988) is a South Sudanese international footballer who plays as a goalkeeper.
Kaligi (Arabic Feroghe) is an ethnic group in South Sudan.
Kapoeta State is one of the 32 states of South Sudan.
Kaya is a city in Yei River State, South Sudan.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
The Kenyan Premier League (KPL), also known as the SportPesa Premier League (SPL) for sponsorship reasons, is a professional league for men's association football clubs in Kenya.
Khamis Martin is a South Sudanese footballer who currently plays as a midfielder.
Khartoum is the capital and largest city of Sudan.
Khartoum International Airport (Arabic:مطار الخرطوم الدولي) is an airport in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan.
The term Khedive (خدیو Hıdiv) is a title largely equivalent to the English word viceroy.
The kob (Kobus kob) is an antelope found across sub-Saharan Africa, in Gashaka Gumti National Park, Nigeria and some part of Senegal to South Sudan.
Kodok or Kothok (كودوك), formerly known as Fashoda, is a town in the north-eastern South Sudanese state of Western Nile.
Kordofan (كردفان) is a former province of central Sudan.
Kueth Duany (born April 22, 1980) is a Sudanese former basketball player.
The Kuku are a tribe from South Sudan.
The Lado Enclave was an exclave of the Congo Free State and later of Belgian Congo that existed from 1894 until 1910, situated on the west bank of the Upper Nile in what is now South Sudan and northwest Uganda.
Lakes (al-Buhayrat) was one of the ten states of South Sudan.
A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
Latjoor is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
The League for the Fifth International (L5I) is an international grouping of revolutionary Trotskyist organisations around a common programme and perspectives.
Leon Uso Khamis is a South Sudanese footballer who currently plays as a striker.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in South Sudan face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.
This article lists the heads of state of South Sudan since the establishment of the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region within Sudan in 1972.
Lol is one of the 28 states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015.
The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), also known as the Lord's Resistance Movement, is a rebel group and heterodox Christian group which operates in northern Uganda, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles.
The Lost Boys of Sudan was the name given to a group of over 40,000 boys of the Nuer and Dinka ethnic groups.
Otuho (also, Latuka) is an ethnic group in South Sudan.
The Luo dialect, Dholuo (pronounced) or Nilotic Kavirondo (pejorative colonial term), is the eponymous dialect of the Luo group of Nilotic languages, spoken by about 6 million Luo people of Kenya and Tanzania, who occupy parts of the eastern shore of Lake Victoria and areas to the south.
The Luo (also spelled Lwo) are several ethnically and linguistically related Nilotic ethnic groups in Africa that inhabit an area ranging from South Sudan and Ethiopia, through Northern Uganda and eastern Congo (DRC), into western Kenya, and the Mara Region of Tanzania.
Luol Ajou Deng (born 16 April 1985) is a Sudanese-born British professional basketball player for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Ma'di (pronounced) is a Central Sudanic language found in Uganda and South Sudan.
Maiwut State is one of the 32 states of South Sudan.
Malakal Airport is an airport serving Malakal, a city in Malakal County in the Eastern Nile state of South Sudan.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
The Mandari are a small ethnic group of South Sudan and one of the Nilotic peoples.
Manute Bol (c. October 16, 1962 – June 19, 2010) was a Sudanese-born American basketball player and political activist.
Margret Rumat Rumar Hassan (born 12 August 1997) is a South Sudanese sprinter.
Maridi is a town in South Sudan.
Maridi State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan, formed on 2 October 2015.
Maternal death or maternal mortality is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes." There are two performance indicators that are sometimes used interchangeably: maternal mortality ratio and maternal mortality rate, which confusingly both are abbreviated "MMR".
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF; pronounced), also known in English as Doctors Without Borders, is an international humanitarian medical non-governmental organisation (NGO) of French origin best known for its projects in conflict zones and in countries affected by endemic diseases.
Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.
A medium of instruction (plural: usually mediums of instruction, but the archaic media of instruction is still used by some) is a language used in teaching.
The Arab League has 22 member states.
The United Nations member states are the sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly.
The mica group of sheet silicate (phyllosilicate) minerals includes several closely related materials having nearly perfect basal cleavage.
The Middle East Monitor (MEMO) is a not-for-profit press monitoring organisation, founded on 1 July 2009.
Minority Rights Group International (MRG) is an international human rights organisation founded with the objective of working to secure rights for ethnic, national, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples around the world.
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA; اللغة العربية الفصحى 'the most eloquent Arabic language'), Standard Arabic, or Literary Arabic is the standardized and literary variety of Arabic used in writing and in most formal speech throughout the Arab world to facilitate communication.
Monkeys are non-hominoid simians, generally possessing tails and consisting of about 260 known living species.
Moru is an ethnic group of South Sudan.
Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah (محمد أحمد ابن عبد الله; 12 August 1844 – 22 June 1885) was a religious leader of the Samaniyya order in Sudan who, on 29 June 1881, proclaimed himself the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of the Islamic faith.
The Muhammad Ali dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Egypt and Sudan from the 19th to the mid-20th century.
The mundu (മുണ്ട്; pronounced) is a garment worn around the waist in Kerala, the Tulunadu region, and the Maldive Islands.
Mundu is an ethnic group in Western Equatoria in South Sudan.
Murle (also Ajibba, Beir, Merule, Mourle, Murele, Murule) is a Nilo-Saharan Eastern Sudanic language spoken by the Murle people, spoken in the southeast of South Sudan, near the Ethiopian border.
The Murle are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting the Pibor County and Boma area in Jonglei State, South Sudan, as well as parts of southwestern Ethiopia.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Mwananchi Communications Ltd is a company based in Tanzania.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.
The National Legislative Assembly was established in 2011 by the interim constitution of South Sudan 2005.
The National Legislature of South Sudan is the legislature of South Sudan.
Navanethem "Navi" Pillay (born 23 September 1941) is a South African jurist who served as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2008 to 2014.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
News24.com is an English-language South African online news publication created in October 1998 by the multinational media company, Naspers.
Lieutenant General Nhial Deng Nhial is a South Sudanese politician and a member of the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The Nile lechwe or Mrs Gray's lechwe (Kobus megaceros) is an endangered species of antelope found in swamps and grasslands in South Sudan and Ethiopia.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
The Nilotic languages are a group of Eastern Sudanic languages spoken across a wide area between South Sudan and Tanzania by the Nilotic peoples, who traditionally practice cattle-herding.
The Nilotic peoples are peoples indigenous to the Nile Valley who speak Nilotic languages, which constitute a large sub-group of the Nilo-Saharan languages spoken in South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and northern Tanzania.
Nimule Airport is a small civilian and military airport serving the town of Nimule and surrounding communities, in South Sudan.
A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.
Northern Bahr el Ghazal was one of the 10 former states of South Sudan before reorganisation in 2015.
The Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic is a forest and savanna ecoregion of central Africa, part of the belt of transitional forest-savanna mosaic that lie between Africa's equatorial forests and the tropical dry forests, savannas, and grasslands that lie to the north and south.
Northern Liech is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
The Nuba Mountains, also referred to as the Nuba Hills (جبال النوبة), is an area located in South Kordofan, Sudan.
The Nuer language (Thok Naath) is a Nilo-Saharan language of the Western Nilotic group.
The Nuer people are a Nilotic ethnic group primarily inhabiting the Nile Valley.
The Nuer White Army, sometimes decapitalised as the "white army", is a semi-official name for a militant organisation formed by the Nuer people of central and eastern Greater Upper Nile in modern-day South Sudan as early as 1991.
Ochre (British English) (from Greek: ὤχρα, from ὠχρός, ōkhrós, pale) or ocher (American English) is a natural clay earth pigment which is a mixture of ferric oxide and varying amounts of clay and sand.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Oil reserves denote the amount of crude oil that can be technically recovered at a cost that is financially feasible at the present price of oil.
Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (عمر حسن أحمد البشير; pronunciation:; born 1944) is a Sudanese politician who is currently the seventh president of Sudan and head of the National Congress Party.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
Oryx is a genus consisting of four large antelope species called oryxes.
The Paris Club (Club de Paris) is a group of officials from major creditor countries whose role is to find coordinated and sustainable solutions to the payment difficulties experienced by debtor countries.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Pibor, also called Pibor Post, is a town in South Sudan.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
The Pojulu (or Pajulu) ethnic groups are of the savanna lands in the White Nile Valley, in the Equatoria region of South Sudan.
Officially, the politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic consociationalist republic, where the President of Sudan is head of state, head of government and commander-in-chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a multi-party system.
Port Sudan (بور سودان) is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea.
The Presbyterian Church in Sudan or also the Presbyterian Church in South Sudan is a major Reformed denomination in South Sudan, when it become independent from Sudan.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
The Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan, formerly known as Episcopal Church of Sudan, is a province of the Anglican Communion located in South Sudan.
Rail transport in Kenya consists of a metre-gauge network that is in poor condition and a new standard gauge railway (SGR) that is under construction.
Rail transport in South Sudan does not have an extensive rail system and current rail infrastructure, which was constructed between 1959-1962, and what has been left over from the previous Sudan government is in a serious state of disrepair.
Ramciel, also spelled Ramchiel or Ramshiel, is a location in Lakes, a state in South Sudan, that will serve as the site of the future national capital.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
The red river hog (Potamochoerus porcus), also known as the bush pig (but not to be confused with P. larvatus, common name "bushpig"), is a wild member of the pig family living in Africa, with most of its distribution in the Guinean and Congolian forests.
Red Sea is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
ReliefWeb is the largest humanitarian information portal in the world.
Religious syncretism exhibits blending of two or more religious belief systems into a new system, or the incorporation into a religious tradition of beliefs from unrelated traditions.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
The republics in the Commonwealth of Nations are the sovereign states in the Commonwealth of Nations with a republican form of government.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
Richard Cockett (born 1961) is a British historian, journalist and writer.
Richard Justin Lado (ريشارد جاستن لادو) (born October 5, 1979 in Khartoum) is a South Sudanese football defensive midfielder currently playing for Khartoum.
Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon (born 1953) is a South Sudanese politician who served as the inaugural Vice President of South Sudan, from its independence in 2011 until his dismissal in 2013.
Rose Nathike Lokonyen (born 24 February 1995) is a track and field athlete originally from South Sudan, but now living and training in Kenya.
Roy Gulwak is a goalkeeper for FC Kator.
Rumbek Airport is an airport in South Sudan, near Rumbek the capital of Western Lakes State.
Ruweng State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
SABMiller plc was a multinational brewing and beverage company headquartered in Woking, England on the outskirts of London until 10 October 2016 when it was acquired by Anheuser-Busch InBev.
The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.
Salva Kiir Mayardit (born 13 September 1951) is a Dinka South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011.
Sir Samuel White Baker, KCB, FRS, FRGS (8 June 1821 – 30 December 1893) was an English explorer, officer, naturalist, big game hunter, engineer, writer and abolitionist.
Santino Kenyi (born 19 August 1993) is a South Sudanese middle-distance runner.
The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army.
Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.
The Shilluk (Shilluk: Chollo) are a major Luo Nilotic ethnic group of Southern Sudan, living on both banks of the river Nile, in the vicinity of the city of Malakal.
Sib is a technical term in the discipline of anthropology which originally denoted a kinship group among Anglo-Saxon and other Germanic peoples.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Slavery in Sudan began in ancient times, and recently had a resurgence during the 1983 to 2005 Second Sudanese Civil War.
The Society for the Study of the Sudans UK (SSSUK) is the largest UK-based professional association for scholars of Sudan and South Sudan.
Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
South Kordofan (جنوب كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or provinces of Sudan.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
South Sudan competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 5 to 21 August 2016.
The South Sudan national basketball team is the national basketball team representing South Sudan.
The South Sudan national football team represents South Sudan in international association football and is controlled by the South Sudan Football Association, the governing body for football in South Sudan.
The South Sudan National Olympic Committee is the National Olympic Committee representing South Sudan.
"South Sudan Oyee!" is the national anthem of South Sudan.
The South Sudanese People's Defence Forces (SSPDF), formerly the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) until 2017, is the army of the Republic of South Sudan.
The South Sudanese Civil War is an ongoing conflict in South Sudan between forces of the government and opposition forces.
The South Sudanese diaspora consists of citizens of South Sudan residing abroad.
A referendum took place in Southern Sudan from 9 to 15 January 2011, on whether the region should remain a part of Sudan or become independent.
The South Sudanese pound is the official currency of the Republic of South Sudan.
Southern Liech State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
The Southern National Park is found in South Sudan.
Southern Star Airlines was a domestic airline based in Juba, the capital and largest city of South Sudan.
The Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was an autonomous region that existed in Southern Sudan between 1972 and 1983.
Southern Sudan (حكومة جنوب السودان Ḥukūmat Janūb al-Sūdān) was an autonomous region consisting of the ten southern states of Sudan between its formation in July 2005 and independence as the Republic of South Sudan in July 2011.
Southern Sudan Beverages Limited was a brewery based in South Sudan and previously owned by ABInBev.
The Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly was established in 2005 by the Interim constitution of the Southern Sudan 2005.
The States of South Sudan were created out of the three historic former provinces (and contemporary regions) of Bahr el Ghazal (northwest), Equatoria (southern), and Greater Upper Nile (northeast).
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Logo of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement The Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) (الحركة الشعبية لتحرير السودان, Al-Ḥarakat ash-Shaʿbiyyat liTaḥrīr as-Sūdān) is a political party in South Sudan.
The Sudan People's Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (abbreviated SPLM-IO), also known as the anti-governmental forces (AGF), is a mainly South Sudanese political party and rebel group that split from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement in 2013, due to political tensions between President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar over leadership of the SPLM.
The Sudan Studies Association (SSA) (Arabic: جمعية الدراسات السودانية) is the US-based professional association for scholars of Sudan and South Sudan, with members from the United States, Canada, Sudan, South Sudan, and elsewhere.
The Sudan Tribune is an electronic news portal on Sudan and South Sudan and neighbouring countries including news coverage, analyses and commentary, official reports and press releases from various organizations, and maps.
The Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF; القوات المسلحة السودانية) are the Armed Forces of the Republic of Sudan.
The Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, also referred to by some media as the Third Sudanese Civil War, is an ongoing armed conflict in the Sudanese southern states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile between the Army of Sudan (SAF) and Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), a northern affiliate of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) in South Sudan.
Sudanese refugees in Israel refers to citizens of Sudan who have sought refuge in Israel due to military conflict at home, and to those who moved there illegally as migrant workers.
Sudanese nomadic conflicts are non-state conflicts between rival nomadic tribes taking place in the territory of Sudan and, since 2011, South Sudan.
The Sudd is a vast swamp in South Sudan, formed by the White Nile's Baḥr al-Jabal section.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Taban Deng Gai is a South Sudanese politician that has been the second First Vice President of South Sudan since 23 July 2016.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
TED Conferences, LLC (Technology, Entertainment, Design) is a media organization that posts talks online for free distribution, under the slogan "ideas worth spreading".
South Sudan uses a two digit mobile code along with a seven digit phone number.
Terekeka State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
The Citizen is a newspaper based in Juba, the national capital of South Sudan and the state capital of Central Equatoria.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
Thon Marial Maker (born 25 February 1997) is a South Sudanese Australian professional basketball player for the Milwaukee Bucks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Tonj State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
The topi (Damaliscus lunatus jimela) is a highly social and fast antelope subspecies of the common tsessebe, a species which belongs to the genus Damaliscus.
The Toposa are an ethnic group in South Sudan, living in the Greater Kapoeta region of the erstwhile Eastern Equatoria state.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
Benito Mussolini Totalitarianism is a political concept where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
The Tusker Football Club is a football club based in Nairobi, Kenya.
Twic State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
The Uganda national basketball team represents Uganda in international basketball competitions.
The Uganda Railways Corporation (URC) is the parastatal railway of Uganda.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United Democratic Front (Juba Arabic: جبهة الديمقراطية المتحدة Jabhet Al-Dimoqratiyet Al-Mutahedat) is a political party in South Sudan led by Patrick Greene.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) is the newest United Nations peacekeeping mission for the recently independent South Sudan, which became independent on 9 July 2011.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is a United Nations (UN) body formed in December 1991 by General Assembly Resolution 46/182.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1999 was adopted without a vote on 13 July 2011 after examining the application of the Republic of South Sudan for membership into the United Nations.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
Unity, sometimes known as Western Upper Nile, was one of the 10 states of South Sudan.
Upper Nile was one of the states of South Sudan.
The Vice President of South Sudan is the second highest political position obtainable in South Sudan.
The Vice President of Sudan is the second highest political position obtainable in Sudan.
Violence against women (VAW), also known as gender-based violence and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is, collectively, violent acts that are primarily or exclusively committed against women and girls.
Wadelai is a village of northern Uganda on the Albert Nile and was the final chief station of Emin Pasha when Governor of Equatoria.
The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan, that began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population.
Warrap, sometimes spelled Warab, or (Warrap County) was one of the original 10 states of South Sudan.
Water is Basic is a non-profit NGO that drills clean water wells in South Sudan.
Water supply in Southern Sudan is faced with numerous challenges.
Wau Airport is a civilian airport that serves the city of Wau and surrounding communities.
Wau State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan that formed on 2 October 2015.
Wau (Arabic: واو Wāw; also Wow or Waw) is a city in northwestern South Sudan, on the western bank of the Jur River, in Wau County, Wau State.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Western Bahr el Ghazal was one of the states of South Sudan.
Western Equatoria State was one of the 10 states of South Sudan.
Western Lakes is one of the 28 states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015.
The White Nile (النيل الأبيض) is a river in Africa, one of the two main tributaries of the Nile; the other is the Blue Nile.
Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) was founded in 1895 as the New York Zoological Society (NYZS) and currently works to conserve more than two million square miles of wild places around the world.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security.
The World Happiness Report is an annual publication of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network which contains rankings of national happiness and analysis of the data from various perspectives.
Angelo Maku better known by his stage name Yaba Angelosi is a South Sudanese American singer, songwriter, producer, film director, and entertainer.
Yambio (يامبيو) is a city in South Sudan.
Yei River State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan.
Yei is a medium-sized city in South Sudan's southwest.
Zande is the largest of the Zande languages.
The Azande (plural of "Zande" in the Zande language) are an ethnic group of North Central Africa.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
Zouk is a fast jump-up carnival beat originating from the Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique, popularized by the French Antillean band Kassav' in the 1980s.
.ss is the designated country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for South Sudan in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
The 13th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 13 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2014 Bentiu massacre occurred on 15 April 2014 in the town of Bentiu, in the north of South Sudan, during the South Sudanese Civil War.
The meridian 24° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The meridian 36° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Asia, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The 3rd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 3 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
Administrative divisions of South Sudan, Censorship in South Sudan, Climate of South Sudan, GoSS, Government of the Republic of South Sudan, ISO 3166-1:SS, Independence of South Sudan, Janub as-Sudan, Janūb as-Sūdān, Nilotic Republic, Republic of South Sudan, Republic of Southern Sudan, Republic of the South Sudan, RoSS, S Sudan, S. Sudan, South Soudan, South Sudan's independence, South Sudanese Independence, South Sudanese independence, South Sudan’s independence, South sudan, Southern Sudan, Southern Sudanese, Southern sudan, Sudan, South, Television in South Sudan, The Republic of South Sudan, جنوب السودان.