143 relations: Acadian French, Acadiana, Accent perception, Adverb, African Americans, African-American English, African-American Vernacular English, Alabama, American Civil War, American English, American English regional vocabulary, Appalachia, Appalachian English, Arkansas, Armadillidiidae, Atlanta, Auxiliary verb, Beaumont, Texas, Bill Clinton, Black Belt (U.S. region), British Isles, Cajun English, Cajuns, Canadian raising, Chain shift, Charleston, South Carolina, Chesapeake Bay, Chicano English, Civil rights movement, Coleslaw, Conservative (language), Contraction (grammar), Cot–caught merger, Crayfish, Dallas, Delaware, Dialect levelling, Diphthong, Domino effect, Double negative, Drawl, Dust Bowl, English modal verbs, English-language vowel changes before historic /l/, English-language vowel changes before historic /r/, Ethnolect, Eye dialect, Florida, Fronting (phonetics), Garden District, New Orleans, ..., General American, George W. Bush, Georgia (U.S. state), Goose bumps, Great Depression, Hiatus (linguistics), High Tider, Homophone, Houston, Icing (food), Illinois, Indiana, Jimmy Carter, Kansas, Kentucky, Knit cap, Louisiana, Louisiana Creole, Louisiana French, Lubbock, Texas, Maryland, Median strip, Midland American English, Mississippi, Mississippi River, Missouri, Monophthong, Morphology (linguistics), Nasal consonant, Nasalization, New Mexico, New Orleans, New Orleans English, New Orleans metropolitan area, New York City English, Nonstandard dialect, North American English regional phonology, North Carolina, North Florida, Odessa, Texas, Ohio, Oklahoma, Older Southern American English, Outer Banks, Participle, Past tense, PBS, Pennsylvania, Perfect (grammar), Phoneme, Phonological history of English consonant clusters, Phonological history of English diphthongs, Phonological history of English high front vowels, Phonology, Piney Woods, Plains, Georgia, Po' boy, Porch, Postvocalic consonant, Preterite, Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩, R-colored vowel, Raleigh, North Carolina, Refuge island, Rhoticity in English, Rural area, San Antonio, Savannah, Georgia, Schwa, Semivowel, Shopping cart, Simple past, Soft drink, South Carolina, South Carolina Lowcountry, Southern United States, Southern United States literature, Sunshower, Synonym, Tennessee, Tenseness, Texan English, Texas, Toilet papering, Trap-bath split, United States, Virginia, Walter de Gruyter, West Virginia, White Americans, White Southerners, World War II, Y'all. Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
Acadian French (français acadien) is a dialect of Canadian French originally associated with the Acadian people of what is now the Canadian Maritimes.
Acadiana, or The Heart of Acadiana (French and Cajun French: L'Acadiane), is the official name given to the French Louisiana region that is home to a large Francophone population.
Accents are the distinctive variations in the pronunciation of a language.
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African-American English (AAE), also known as Black English in North American linguistics, is the set of English dialects primarily spoken by most black people in North America; most commonly, it refers to a dialect continuum ranging from African-American Vernacular English to a more standard English.
African-American Vernacular English (AAVE), known less precisely as Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), Black Vernacular English (BVE), or colloquially Ebonics (a controversial term), is the variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of English natively spoken by most working- and middle-class African Americans and some Black Canadians, particularly in urban communities.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
Regional vocabulary within American English varies.
Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.
Appalachian English is American English native to the Appalachian mountain region of the Eastern United States.
Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.
Armadillidiidae is a family of woodlice, a terrestrial crustacean group in the order Isopoda.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
An auxiliary verb (abbreviated) is a verb that adds functional or grammatical meaning to the clause in which it appears, such as to express tense, aspect, modality, voice, emphasis, etc.
Beaumont is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Texas in the United States, within the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
During the first half of the nineteenth century, as many as one million enslaved Africans were transported through sales in the domestic slave trade to the Deep South in a forced migration to work as laborers for the region's cotton plantations.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
Cajun English, or Cajun Vernacular English, is the dialect of English spoken by Cajuns living in southern Louisiana and, to a lesser degree, in eastern Texas.
The Cajuns (Louisiana les Cadiens), also known as Acadians (Louisiana les Acadiens) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, and in The Maritimes as well as Québec consisting in part of the descendants of the original Acadian exiles—French-speakers from Acadia (L'Acadie) in what are now the Maritimes of Eastern Canada.
Canadian raising is an allophonic rule of phonology in many dialects of North American English that changes the pronunciation of diphthongs with open-vowel starting points.
In historical linguistics, a chain shift is a set of sound changes in which the change in pronunciation of one speech sound (typically, a phoneme) is linked to, and presumably causes, the change in pronunciation of other sounds as well.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary in the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia.
Chicano English, or Mexican-American English, is a dialect of American English spoken primarily by Mexican Americans (sometimes known as Chicanos), particularly in the Southwestern United States, ranging from Texas to CaliforniaNewman, Michael.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Coleslaw (from the Dutch term koolsla meaning 'cabbage salad'), also known as cole slaw or slaw, is a salad consisting primarily of finely-shredded raw cabbage with a salad dressing, commonly either vinaigrette or mayonnaise.
In linguistics, a conservative form, variety, or modality is one that has changed relatively little over its history, or which is relatively resistant to change.
A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters and sounds.
The cot–caught merger (also known as the low back merger or the merger) is a phonemic merger that has taken place in some varieties of English, between the phonemes which are conventionally represented in the IPA as (which is usually written with au, aw, al or ough as in caught and thought) and (which is usually written with o as in cot and lot).
Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Dialect levelling or dialect leveling is a process of assimilation, mixture and merging of certain dialects, often by language standardization.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
A domino effect or chain reaction is the cumulative effect produced when one event sets off a chain of similar events.
A double negative is a grammatical construction occurring when two forms of negation are used in the same sentence.
A drawl is a perceived feature of some varieties of spoken English, and generally indicates longer vowel sounds and diphthongs.
The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion (the Aeolian processes) caused the phenomenon.
The modal verbs of English are a small class of auxiliary verbs used mostly to express modality (properties such as possibility, obligation, etc.). They can be distinguished from other verbs by their defectiveness (they do not have participle or infinitive forms) and by the fact that they do not take the ending -(e)s in the third-person singular.
In the history of English phonology, there have been many diachronic sound changes affecting vowels, especially involving phonemic splits and mergers.
In English, many vowel shifts only affect vowels followed by in rhotic dialects, or vowels that were historically followed by an that has since been elided in non-rhotic dialects.
An ethnolect is a variety of a language associated with a certain ethnic or cultural subgroup.
Eye dialect is the use of nonstandard spelling for speech to draw attention to pronunciation.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
In phonology, fronting is a sound change in which a vowel or consonant becomes fronted, advanced or pronounced farther to the front of the vocal tract than some reference point.
The Garden District is a neighborhood of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
General American (abbreviated as GA or GenAm) is the umbrella variety of American English—the continuum of accents—spoken by a majority of Americans and popularly perceived, among Americans, as lacking any distinctly regional, ethnic, or socioeconomic characteristics.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Goose bumps are the bumps on a person's skin at the base of body hairs which may involuntarily develop when a person is cold or experiences strong emotions such as fear, euphoria or sexual arousal.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
In phonology, hiatus or diaeresis refers to two vowel sounds occurring in adjacent syllables, with no intervening consonant.
High Tider or "Hoi Toider" is a dialect of American English spoken in very limited communities of the South Atlantic United States—particularly, several small island and coastal townships in the rural North Carolina "Down East" that encompasses the Outer Banks and Pamlico Sound (specifically including Atlantic, Sea Level, and Harkers Island in eastern Carteret County, the village of Wanchese and also Ocracoke) as well as in the Chesapeake Bay (such as Tangier and Smith Island).
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Icing, often called frosting in the United States, is a sweet, often creamy glaze made of sugar with a liquid, such as water or milk, that is often enriched with ingredients like butter, egg whites, cream cheese, or flavorings.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
A knit cap, originally of wool (though now often of synthetic fibers) is designed to provide warmth in cold weather.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Louisiana Creole (kréyol la lwizyàn; créole louisianais) is a French-based creole language spoken by far fewer than 10,000 people, mostly in the state of Louisiana.
Louisiana French (français de la Louisiane, Louisiana Creole: françé la lwizyàn), also known as Cajun French (français cadien/français cadjin) is a variety of the French language spoken traditionally in colonial Lower Louisiana but as of today it is primarily used in the U.S. state of Louisiana, specifically in the southern parishes, though substantial minorities exist in southeast Texas as well.
Lubbock is a city in and the county seat of Lubbock County, Texas, United States.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
The median strip or central reservation is the reserved area that separates opposing lanes of traffic on divided roadways, such as divided highways, dual carriageways, freeways, and motorways.
Midland American English is a regional dialect or super-dialect of American English, geographically lying between the traditionally-defined Northern and Southern United States.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
A monophthong (Greek monóphthongos from mónos "single" and phthóngos "sound") is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up or down towards a new position of articulation.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In phonetics, nasalization (or nasalisation) is the production of a sound while the velum is lowered, so that some air escapes through the nose during the production of the sound by the mouth.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New Orleans English is American English native to the city of New Orleans and its metropolitan area.
New Orleans–Metairie Metropolitan Statistical Area, or the Greater New Orleans Region (as it is often called by the Louisiana Tourism Commission) is a metropolitan area designated by the United States Census encompassing eight parishes (the Louisiana equivalent of other states' counties) in the state of Louisiana, centering on the city of New Orleans.
New York City English, or Metropolitan New York English, is a regional dialect of American English spoken by many people in New York City and much of its surrounding metropolitan area.
A nonstandard dialect is a dialect that does not have the institutional support or sanction that a standard dialect has.
North American English regional phonology is the study of variations in the pronunciation of spoken North American English (English of the United States and Canada)—what are commonly known simply as "regional accents".
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
North Florida is a region of the Southern U.S. state of Florida, comprising the northernmost part of the state.
Odessa is a city in and the county seat of Ector County, Texas, United States.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
Older Southern American English was a set of American English dialects of the Southern United States, primarily spoken by White Southerners up until the American Civil War, moving towards a state of decline by the turn of the nineteenth century, further accelerated by World War II and again, finally, by the Civil Rights Movement.
The Outer Banks (OBX) is a string of barrier islands and spits off the coast of North Carolina and southeastern Virginia, on the east coast of the United States.
A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.
The past tense (abbreviated) is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The perfect tense or aspect (abbreviated or) is a verb form that indicates that an action or circumstance occurred earlier than the time under consideration, often focusing attention on the resulting state rather than on the occurrence itself.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
The phonological history of the English language includes various changes in the phonology of consonant clusters.
English diphthongs have undergone many changes since the Old and Middle English periods.
The high and mid-height front vowels of English (vowels of i and e type) have undergone a variety of changes over time, often varying from dialect to dialect.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest terrestrial ecoregion in the Southern United States covering of East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma.
Plains is a town in Sumter County, Georgia, United States.
A po' boy (also po-boy, po boy) is a traditional sandwich from Louisiana.
A porch (from Old French porche, from Latin porticus "colonnade", from porta "passage") is a term used in architecture to describe a room or gallery located in front of the entrance of a building forming a low front, and placed in front of the facade of the building it commands.
In phonetics and phonology, a postvocalic consonant is a consonant that occurs both.
The preterite (abbreviated or) is a grammatical tense or verb form serving to denote events that took place or were completed in the past.
The pronunciation of the wh in English has changed over time, and still varies today between different regions and accents.
In phonetics, an r-colored or rhotic vowel (also called a retroflex vowel, vocalic r, or a rhotacized vowel) is a vowel that is modified in a way that results in a lowering in frequency of the third formant.
Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States.
A refuge island, also known as a pedestrian refuge, pedestrian island and colloquially as a "pork chop" island, is a small section of pavement or sidewalk, completely surrounded by asphalt or other road materials, where pedestrians can stop before finishing crossing a road.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.
San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.
Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
In phonetics and phonology, a semivowel or glide, also known as a non-syllabic vocoid, is a sound that is phonetically similar to a vowel sound but functions as the syllable boundary, rather than as the nucleus of a syllable.
A shopping cart (American English) or trolley (British English), also known by a variety of other names, is a cart supplied by a shop, especially supermarkets, for use by customers inside the shop for transport of merchandise to the checkout counter during shopping.
The simple past, past simple or past indefinite, sometimes called the preterite, is the basic form of the past tense in Modern English.
A soft drink (see terminology for other names) typically contains carbonated water (although some lemonades are not carbonated), a sweetener, and a natural or artificial flavoring.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Lowcountry (sometimes Low Country or just low country) is a geographic and cultural region along South Carolina's coast, including the Sea Islands.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Southern literature (sometimes called the literature of the American South) is defined as American literature about the Southern United States or by writers from this region.
A sunshower or sun shower is a meteorological phenomenon in which rain falls while the sun is shining.
A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
In phonology, tenseness or tensing is, most broadly, the pronunciation of a sound with greater muscular effort or constriction than is typical.
Texan English is the array of American English spoken in Texas, primarily falling under the regional dialects of Southern and Midland U.S. English.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Toilet papering (also called TP-ing, House Wrapping or Yard Rolling) is the act of covering an object, such as a tree, house, or another structure with toilet paper.
The split is a vowel split that occurs mainly in mainstream and southeastern accents of English in England (including Received Pronunciation), in New Zealand English and South African English, and also to a lesser extent in Australian English as well as older Northeastern New England English (notably, older Boston accents), by which the Early Modern English phoneme was lengthened in certain environments and ultimately merged with the long of father.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Walter de Gruyter GmbH (or; brand name: De Gruyter) is a scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
White Southerners, or simply Southerners, and historically Southrons from the Southern United States, are considered an ethnic group by some historians, sociologists and journalists, although this categorization has proven controversial and other academics have argued that Southern identity does not meet the criteria for definition as an ethnicity.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Y'all) is a contraction of you and all (sometimes combined as you-all). It is usually used as a plural second-person pronoun, but the usage of y'all as an exclusively plural pronoun is a perennial subject of discussion. Y'all is strongly associated with Southern American English, and appears in other English varieties, including African American Vernacular English and South African Indian English.
American Southern English, Confederate English, Dixie English, Dixie accent, Modal stacking, Okie Dialect, Oklahoma dialect, SWVE, Southern American, Southern American English language, Southern American accent, Southern Drawl, Southern English (American), Southern U.S. accent, Southern US English, Southern United States English, Southern United States accent, Southern United States slang, Southern White Vernacular English, Southern dialect of America, Southern drawl, Southern expression, Southern united states dialect, The Southern Drawl.