131 relations: A. D. King, A. Philip Randolph, Aaron Henry, Albany Movement, Albany, Georgia, Allen Johnson (activist), Andrew Young, Annie Bell Robinson Devine, Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., Atlanta, Bayard Rustin, Benjamin Hooks, Bernice King, Bill Clinton, Billy Graham, Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, Birmingham campaign, Birmingham, Alabama, Black Belt (region of Alabama), Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church (Selma, Alabama), Brown v. Board of Education, Bull Connor, C. O. Simpkins Sr., C. T. Vivian, Charles Evers, Charles Kenzie Steele, Charles Steele Jr., Citizens' Councils, Civil and political rights, Civil disobedience, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Civil rights movement, Cleveland Robinson, Condom, Confederate States of America, Congress of Racial Equality, Curtis W. Harris, Dallas County Voters League, Dallas County, Alabama, Diane Nash, Dorothy Cotton, Ella Baker, Emory University, Esau Jenkins, Fannie Lou Hamer, Flag of Georgia (U.S. state), Flags of the Confederate States of America, Frank Minis Johnson, Fred Shuttlesworth, Freedom Riders, ..., George Wallace, Georgia (U.S. state), Golden Frinks, Greene County, Alabama, Grenada, Mississippi, Hale County, Alabama, Highlander Research and Education Center, HIV/AIDS, Hosea Williams, I Have a Dream, Israel, Jackson, Mississippi, James Bevel, James Farmer, James Orange, James Reeb, Jeffrey Gettleman, Jesse Jackson, Jim Crow laws, John F. Kennedy, John Lewis (civil rights leader), Johns Island, South Carolina, Joseph Lowery, Ku Klux Klan, Letter from Birmingham Jail, Literacy test, Los Angeles Times, Lumber, Lyndon B. Johnson, March Against Fear, Marengo County, Alabama, Marion, Alabama, Martin Luther King III, Martin Luther King Jr., Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park, Maya Angelou, Montgomery bus boycott, Montgomery Improvement Association, Montgomery, Alabama, Murder of Jimmie Lee Jackson, NAACP, National Register of Historic Places, National Urban League, Non-governmental organization, Nonviolence, Palestine Liberation Organization, Palestinians, Perry County, Alabama, Presidency of George W. Bush, President of the United States, Public speaking, Ralph Abernathy, Randolph Blackwell, Roy Wilkins, SCOPE Project, Sea Islands, Selma to Montgomery marches, Selma, Alabama, Septima Poinsette Clark, Sit-in, South Carolina, Southern United States, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Ted Kennedy, Tennessee, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, The Freedom Singers, The New York Times, The Progressive Club, The Washington Post, Unitarian Universalism, United States, United States Congress, Victoria Gray Adams, Voting Rights Act of 1965, Walter E. Fauntroy, Washington, D.C., Whitney Young, Wilcox County, Alabama, Working poor, 2000 United States presidential election recount in Florida. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Alfred Daniel Williams “A.
Asa Philip Randolph (April 15, 1889 – May 16, 1979) was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement, the American labor movement, and socialist political parties.
Aaron Henry (July 2, 1922 – May 19, 1997) was an American civil rights leader, politician, and head of the Mississippi branch of the NAACP.
The Albany Movement was a desegregation and voter's rights coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, in November of 1961.
Albany is a city in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Allen Johnson was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement, an activist in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and he was also a minister of religion.
Andrew Jackson Young Jr. (born March 13, 1932) is an American politician, diplomat, and activist.
Annie Bell Robinson Devine (1912–2000) was an activist in the Civil Rights Movement.
Martin Luther King Jr., an American clergyman and civil rights leader, was shot at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Bayard Rustin (March 17, 1912 – August 24, 1987) was an American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, nonviolence, and gay rights.
Benjamin Lawson Hooks (January 31, 1925 – April 15, 2010) was an American civil rights leader.
Bernice Albertine King (born March 28, 1963) is an American minister best known as the youngest child of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
William Franklin Graham Jr. (November 7, 1918 – February 21, 2018) was an American evangelist, a prominent evangelical Christian figure, and an ordained Southern Baptist minister who became well known internationally in the late 1940s.
The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA) is an organization.
The Birmingham campaign, or Birmingham movement, was a movement organized in early 1963 by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the integration efforts of African Americans in Birmingham, Alabama.
Birmingham is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the seat of Jefferson County.
The Black Belt is a region of the U.S. state of Alabama.
Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church is a church in Selma, Alabama, United States.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Theophilus Eugene Connor (July 11, 1897 – March 10, 1973), known as Bull Connor, was an American politician who served as an elected Commissioner of Public Safety for the city of Birmingham, Alabama, for more than two decades.
Cuthbert Ormond Simpkins Sr. (born January 13, 1925) is a retired dentist and civil rights activist from Shreveport, Louisiana, who served from 1992 to 1996 as a Democratic member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from the heavily African-American District 4 in Caddo Parish.
Cordy Tindell Vivian, usually known as C. T. Vivian (born July 30, 1924), is a minister, author, and was a close friend and lieutenant of Martin Luther King Jr. during the Civil Rights Movement.
James Charles Evers (born September 11, 1922) is an American civil rights activist and former politician.
Charles Kenzie Steele (born in McDowell County, West Virginia; died in Tallahassee, Florida) was a preacher and a civil rights activist.
Charles Steele Jr. (born August 3, 1946) is an American businessman, politician and civil rights leader.
The Citizens' Councils (also referred to as White Citizens' Councils) were an associated network of white supremacist, extreme right, organizations in the United States, concentrated in the South.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government or occupying international power.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Cleveland Lowellyn "Cleve" Robinson (December 12, 1914 – August 23, 1995) was an American labor organizer, and civil rights activist.
A condom is a sheath-shaped barrier device, used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
Curtis West Harris (July 1, 1924 – December 10, 2017) was an African-American minister, civil rights activist, and politician in Virginia.
The Dallas County Voters League (DCVL) was a local organization in Dallas County, Alabama, which contains the city of Selma, that sought to register black voters during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Dallas County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.
Diane Judith Nash (born May 15, 1938) is an American civil rights activist, and a leader and strategist of the student wing of the Civil Rights Movement.
Dorothy Cotton (January 5, 1930 – June 10, 2018) was an American civil rights activist, who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States and a member of the inner-circle of one of its main organizations, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
Ella Josephine Baker (December 13, 1903 – December 13, 1986) was an African-American civil rights and human rights activist.
Emory University is a private research university in the Druid Hills neighborhood of the city of Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
Esau Jenkins (July 3, 1910 - October 30, 1972) was a South Carolina Afro-American Human Rights leader, businessman, and community organizer.
Fannie Lou Hamer (Townsend; October 6, 1917 – March 14, 1977) was an American voting and women's rights activist, community organizer, and a leader in the civil rights movement.
The current flag of the state of Georgia was adopted on May 8, 2003.
Three successive designs served as the official national flag of the Confederate States of America (the "Confederate States" or the "Confederacy") during its existence from 1861 to 1865.
Frank Minis Johnson Jr. (October 30, 1918 – July 23, 1999) was a United States District Judge and United States Circuit Judge serving 1955 to 1999 on the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.
Frederick Lee "Fred" Shuttlesworth (born Fred Lee Robinson, March 18, 1922 – October 5, 2011), was a U.S. civil rights activist who led the fight against segregation and other forms of racism as a minister in Birmingham, Alabama.
Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions Morgan v. Virginia (1946) and Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which ruled that segregated public buses were unconstitutional.
George Corley Wallace Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Golden Asro Frinks (August 15, 1920 – July 19, 2004) was an American civil rights activist and a Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) field secretary who represented the New Bern, North Carolina SCLC chapter.
Greene County is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama.
Grenada is a city in Grenada County, Mississippi, United States.
Hale County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.
The Highlander Research and Education Center, formerly known as the Highlander Folk School, is a social justice leadership training school and cultural center in New Market, Tennessee.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Hosea Lorenzo Williams (January 5, 1926 – November 16, 2000), was an American civil rights leader, activist, ordained minister, businessman, philanthropist, scientist, and politician.
"I Have a Dream" is a public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he calls for an end to racism in the United States and called for civil and economic rights.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jackson, officially the City of Jackson, is the capital city and largest urban center of the U.S. state of Mississippi.
James Luther Bevel (October 19, 1936 – December 19, 2008) was a minister and leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.
James Leonard Farmer Jr. (January 12, 1920 – July 9, 1999) was a civil rights activist and leader in the Civil Rights Movement "who pushed for nonviolent protest to dismantle segregation, and served alongside Martin Luther King Jr." He was the initiator and organizer of the 1961 Freedom Ride, which eventually led to the desegregation of interstate transportation in the United States.
James Edward Orange, MLK March website biography.
James Reeb (January 1, 1927 – March 11, 1965) was an American Unitarian Universalist minister, pastor and activist during the Civil rights movement in Washington, D.C. and Boston, Massachusetts.
Jeffrey A. Gettleman (born 1971) is an American journalist.
Jesse Louis Jackson Sr. (né Burns; born October 8, 1941) is an American civil rights activist, Baptist minister, and politician.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Robert Lewis (born February 21, 1940) is an American politician and is a prominent civil rights leader.
Johns Island, also spelled John's Island, is an island in Charleston County, South Carolina, United States, and is the largest island in the state of South Carolina.
Joseph Echols Lowery (born October 6, 1921) is an American minister in the United Methodist Church and leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States.
The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as the Letter from Birmingham City Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16, 1963, by Martin Luther King Jr. The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism.
A literacy test assesses a person's literacy skills: their ability to read and write.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
The March Against Fear was a major 1966 demonstration in the Civil Rights Movement in the South.
Marengo County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.
Marion is a city in, and the county seat of, Perry County, Alabama, United States.
Martin Luther King III (born October 23, 1957) is an American human rights advocate and community activist.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
The Martin Luther King Jr.
Maya Angelou (born Marguerite Annie Johnson; April 4, 1928 – May 28, 2014) was an American poet, singer, memoirist, and civil rights activist.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
The Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was formed on December 5, 1955 by black ministers and community leaders in Montgomery, Alabama.
Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Jimmie Lee Jackson (December 16, 1938 – February 26, 1965) was an African American civil rights activist in Marion, Alabama and a deacon in the Baptist church.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial organization to advance justice for African Americans by a group, including, W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance.
The National Urban League (NUL), formerly known as the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, is a nonpartisan civil rights organization based in New York City that advocates on behalf of African Americans and against racial discrimination in the United States.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.
The Palestinian people (الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha‘b al-Filasṭīnī), also referred to as Palestinians (الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīniyyūn, פָלַסְטִינִים) or Palestinian Arabs (العربي الفلسطيني, al-'arabi il-filastini), are an ethnonational group comprising the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, including Jews and Samaritans, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Arab.
Perry County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.
The presidency of George W. Bush began at noon EST on January 20, 2001, when George W. Bush was inaugurated as 43rd President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2009.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Public speaking (also called oratory or oration) is the process or act of performing a speech to a live audience.
Ralph David Abernathy Sr. (March 11, 1926 – April 17, 1990) was an American civil rights activist and Christian minister.
Randolph T. Blackwell (born March 10, 1927 in Greensboro, North Carolina, died May 21, 1981) was a veteran of the Civil Rights Movement, serving in Martin Luther King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference, amongst other organizations.
Roy Ottoway Wilkins (August 30, 1901 – September 8, 1981) was a prominent activist in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s.
The Summer Community Organization and Political Education (SCOPE) Project of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was a voter registration civil rights initiative conducted from 1965-66 in 120 counties in six southern states.
The Sea Islands are a chain of tidal and barrier islands on the Atlantic Ocean coast of the Southeastern United States.
The Selma to Montgomery marches were three protest marches, held in 1965, along the 54-mile (87 km) highway from Selma, Alabama to the state capital of Montgomery.
Selma is a city in and the county seat of Dallas County, in the Black Belt region of south central Alabama and extending to the west.
Septima Poinsette Clark (May 3, 1898 – December 15, 1987) was an American educator and civil rights activist.
A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC, often pronounced) was one of the major Civil Rights Movement organizations of the 1960s.
Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate from Massachusetts for almost 47 years, from 1962 until his death in 2009.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (AJC) is the only major daily newspaper in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The Freedom Singers originated as a student quartet formed in 1962 at Albany State College in Albany, Georgia.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Progressive Club is a historic clubhouse located at Johns Island, Charleston County, South Carolina.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Unitarian Universalism (UU) is a liberal religion characterized by a "free and responsible search for truth and meaning".
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
Victoria Jackson Gray Adams (November 5, 1926 – August 12, 2006) was an American civil rights activist from Hattiesburg, Mississippi.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting.
Walter Edward Fauntroy (born February 6, 1933) is the former pastor of the New Bethel Baptist Church in Washington, D.C., and a civil rights activist.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Whitney Moore Young Jr. (July 31, 1921 – March 11, 1971) was an American civil rights leader.
Wilcox County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.
The working poor are working people whose incomes fall below a given poverty line due to lack of work hours and/or low wages.
The Florida election recount of 2000 was a period of vote recounting in Florida that occurred during the weeks after Election Day in the 2000 United States presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore.
Drum Major for Justice Award, Howard W. Creecy Jr, Howard W. Creecy, Jr., Isaac Newton Farris Jr., Isaac Newton Farris, Jr., Southern Christian Leadership Council, Southern Negro Leaders Conference on Transportation and Nonviolent Integration, The Leadership Conference.