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Southern Ming

Index Southern Ming

The Southern Ming was a loyalist movement that was active in southern China following the Ming dynasty's collapse in 1644. [1]

93 relations: Anlong County, Anti-Qing sentiment, Beijing, Bolo (prince), Changsha, Chongzhen Emperor, Dodo (prince), Donglin Academy, Donglin movement, Eight Banners, Empress Dowager Ma (Southern Ming), Fujian, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Great Wall of China, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guizhou, History of Ming, History of Taiwan, Hong Chengchou, Hongwu Emperor, Huai River, Hubei, Huguang Province, Hunan, Iquan's Party, Kangxi Emperor, Kingdom of Tungning, Koxinga, Koxinga Ancestral Shrine, Li Dingguo, Li Zicheng, Linfen, Little Ice Age, Loyalism, Manchu people, Maunder Minimum, Ming dynasty, Mongols, Myanmar, Nanjing, Nanning, Pindale Min, Qiantang River, Qing dynasty, Revolt of the Three Feudatories, Rui'an, ..., Shang Kexi, Shanhai Pass, Shi Kefa, Shun dynasty, Sichuan, Siege of Fort Zeelandia, South China, Tael, Tagawa Matsu, Tainan, Taiwan, The Peach Blossom Fan, Thirty Years' War, Tingzhou fu, Tokugawa shogunate, Toungoo dynasty, Transition from Ming to Qing, United States Government Publishing Office, Wenzhou, Wu Sangui, Wuchang District, Xiamen, Xuzhou, Yangsan, Yangtze, Yangzhou, Yangzhou massacre, Zhang Xianzhong, Zhejiang, Zheng Jing, Zheng Keshuang, Zheng Zhilong, Zhenjiang, Zhou dynasty, Zhoushan, Zhu Shugui, Zhu Yihai, Zhu Youlang, Zhu Yousong, Zhu Yujian, Zhu Yuyue, Zhu Zhiyu, Zuo Liangyu. Expand index (43 more) »

Anlong County

Anlong County is a county in the southwest of Guizhou province, China, bordering Guangxi to the south.

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Anti-Qing sentiment

Anti-Qing sentiment refers to a sentiment principally held in China against the Manchu ruling during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912), which was accused by a number of opponents of being barbarian.

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Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Bolo (prince)

Bolo (Manchu: Bolo; 1613 – 23 April 1652), formally known as Prince Duanzhong, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty.

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Changsha is the capital and most populous city of Hunan province in the south central part of the People's Republic of China.

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Chongzhen Emperor

The Chongzhen Emperor (6 February 1611 – 25 April 1644), personal name Zhu Youjian, was the 17th and last emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, reigning from 1627–1644.

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Dodo (prince)

Dodo (Manchu:; 2 April 1614 – 29 April 1649), formally known as Prince Yu, was a Manchu prince and military general of the early Qing dynasty.

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Donglin Academy

The Donglin Academy (Wade–Giles Tung-lin), also known as the Guishan Academy (龜山書院 Guīshān Shūyuàn), was a former Chinese educational institution in Wuxi, China.

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Donglin movement

The Donglin movement was an ideological and philosophical movement of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties of China.

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Eight Banners

The Eight Banners (in Manchu: jakūn gūsa) were administrative/military divisions under the Qing dynasty into which all Manchu households were placed.

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Empress Dowager Ma (Southern Ming)

Empress Dowager Ma (1578–1669), personal name unknown, formally known as Empress Dowager Zhaosheng (昭聖太后), was an empress dowager of the Southern Ming Dynasty.

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Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.

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Fuzhou, formerly romanized as Foochow, is the capital and one of the largest cities in Fujian province, China.

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Ganzhou, formerly romanized as Kanchow, is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangxi, China, bordering Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, and Hunan to the west.

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Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion.

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Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.

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Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.

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Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Guilin, formerly romanized as Kweilin, is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

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Guizhou, formerly romanized as Kweichow, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.

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History of Ming

The History of Ming or the Ming History (Míng Shǐ) is one of the official Chinese historical works known as the Twenty-Four Histories.

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History of Taiwan

The history of Taiwan dates back tens of thousands of years to the earliest known evidence of human habitation on the island.

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Hong Chengchou

Hong Chengchou (1593–1665), courtesy name Yanyan and art name Hengjiu, was a Chinese official who served under the Ming and Qing dynasties.

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Hongwu Emperor

The Hongwu Emperor (21 October 1328 – 24 June 1398), personal name Zhu Yuanzhang (Chu Yuan-chang in Wade-Giles), was the founding emperor of China's Ming dynasty.

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Huai River

The Huai River, formerly romanized as the Hwai, is a major river in China.

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Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region.

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Huguang Province

Huguang was a province of China during the Yuan and Ming dynasties.

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Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.

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Iquan's Party

Iquan's Party is the name of an armed merchant company led by Zheng Zhilong (also known by his baptismal name Nicholas Iquan Gaspard) that appears in the novel The chronicles of Zheng Zhilong.

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Kangxi Emperor

The Kangxi Emperor (康熙; 4 May 165420 December 1722), personal name Xuanye, was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanhai Pass near Beijing, and the second Qing emperor to rule over that part of China, from 1661 to 1722.

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Kingdom of Tungning

The Kingdom of Tungning or Kingdom of Formosa was a government that ruled part of southwestern Formosa (Taiwan) between 1661 and 1683.

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Zheng Chenggong, better known in the West by his Hokkien honorific Koxinga or Coxinga, was a Chinese Ming loyalist who resisted the Qing conquest of China in the 17th century, fighting them on China's southeastern coast.

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Koxinga Ancestral Shrine

Koxinga Ancestral Shrine is a family shrine built in West Central District, Tainan, Taiwan in 1663 by Zheng Jing, to worship his father Koxinga.

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Li Dingguo

Li Dingguo (Wade-Giles: Li Ting-kuo) (1621 – 1662) was a military general who fought for the Southern Ming against the Qing Dynasty.

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Li Zicheng

Li Zicheng (22 September 1606 – 1645), born Li Hongji, also known by the nickname, "Dashing King", was a Chinese rebel leader who overthrew the Ming dynasty in 1644 and ruled over China briefly as the emperor of the short-lived Shun dynasty before his death a year later.

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Linfen is a prefecture-level city in southern Shanxi province, People's Republic of China.

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Little Ice Age

The Little Ice Age (LIA) was a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period.

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In general, loyalism is an individual's allegiance toward an established government, political party, or sovereign, especially during times of war and revolt.

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Manchu people

The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.

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Maunder Minimum

The Maunder Minimum, also known as the "prolonged sunspot minimum", is the name used for the period around 1645 to 1715 during which sunspots became exceedingly rare, as was then noted by solar observers.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

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Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.

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Nanning (Zhuang: Namzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.

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Pindale Min

Pindale Min (ပင်းတလဲမင်း,; 23 March 1608 – 3 June 1661) was king of the Toungoo dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1648 to 1661.

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Qiantang River

The Qiantang River (sometimes spelled Tsientang river) is an East Chinese river that originates in the border region of Anhui and Jiangxi provinces.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Revolt of the Three Feudatories

The Revolt of the Three Feudatories was a rebellion lasting from 1673 to 1681 in the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) during the early reign of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1661–1722).

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Rui'an (Wenzhounese: zy iu) is a county-level city along the southern coast of Zhejiang province, China, and is under the administration of Wenzhou City.

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Shang Kexi

Shang Kexi (尚可喜; Shang Ko-hsi; August 25, 1604 – November 12, 1676) was a Han Chinese general of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

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Shanhai Pass

Shanhai Pass is one of the major passes in the Great Wall of China.

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Shi Kefa

Shi Kefa (4 February 1601 – 20 May 1645), courtesy names Xianzhi and Daolin, was a government official and calligrapher who lived in the late Ming dynasty.

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Shun dynasty

The Shun dynasty, or Great Shun, was a short-lived dynasty created in the Ming-Qing transition from Ming to Qing rule in Chinese history.

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Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.

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Siege of Fort Zeelandia

The Siege of Fort Zeelandia of 1661-1662 ended the Dutch East India Company's rule over Taiwan and began the Kingdom of Tungning's rule over the island. Taiwanese scholar Lu Chien-jung described this event as "a war that determined the fate of Taiwan in the four hundred years that followed".

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South China

South China or Southern China is a geographical and cultural region that covers the southernmost part of China.

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Tael (at the OED Online.) or tahil can refer to any one of several weight measures of the Far East.

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Tagawa Matsu

Tagawa Matsu (田川マツ), or Weng-shi (翁氏) (1601–1647), was the mother of Koxinga, a national hero in mainland China and Taiwan, and daughter of Tagawa Shichizaemon (田川七左衛門),, a vassal of Hirado Domain.

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Tainan (Hokkien POJ: Tâi-lâm), officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south.

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Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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The Peach Blossom Fan

The Peach Blossom Fan is a musical play and historical drama in 44 scenes that was completed in 1699 by the early Qing dynasty playwright Kong Shangren after more than 10 years of effort.

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Thirty Years' War

The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.

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Tingzhou fu

Tingzhou fu was a prefecture in Fujian province from the Tang Dynasty (唐朝) down to the early 20th century, when it was renamed.

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Tokugawa shogunate

The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.

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Toungoo dynasty

The Toungoo dynasty (တောင်ငူမင်းဆက်,; also spelt Taungoo dynasty) was the ruling dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from the mid-16th century to 1752.

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Transition from Ming to Qing

The transition from Ming to Qing or the Ming–Qing transition, also known as the Manchu conquest of China, was a period of conflict between the Qing dynasty, established by Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in Manchuria (contemporary Northeastern China), and the Ming dynasty of China in the south (various other regional or temporary powers were also associated with events, such as the short-lived Shun dynasty).

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United States Government Publishing Office

The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.

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Wenzhou (pronounced; Wenzhounese) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Zhejiang province in the People's Republic of China.

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Wu Sangui

Wu Sangui (courtesy name Changbai (長白) or Changbo (長伯); 1612 – 2 October 1678) was a Chinese military general who was instrumental in the fall of the Ming Dynasty and the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644.

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Wuchang District

Wuchang forms part of the urban core of and is one of 13 districts of Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province, China. It is the oldest of the three cities that merged into modern-day Wuhan, and stood on the right (southeastern) bank of the Yangtze River, opposite the mouth of the Han River. The two other cities, Hanyang and Hankou, were on the left (northwestern) bank, separated from each other by the Han. The name "Wuchang" remains in common use for the part of urban Wuhan south of the Yangtze River. Administratively, however, it is split between several districts of the City of Wuhan. The historic center of Wuchang lies within the modern Wuchang District, which has an area of and a population of 1,003,400. Other parts of what is colloquially known as Wuchang are within Hongshan District (south and south-east) and Qingshan District (north-east). Presently, on the right bank of the Yangtze, it borders the districts of Qingshan (for a very small section) to the northeast and Hongshan to the east and south; on the opposite bank it borders Jiang'an, Jianghan and Hanyang. On 10 October 1911, the New Army stationed in the city started the Wuchang Uprising, a turning point of the Xinhai Revolution that overthrew the Qing dynasty and established the Republic of China.

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Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.

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Xuzhou, known as Pengcheng in ancient times, is a major city in Jiangsu province, China.

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Yangsan is a city in Gyeongsangnam-do Province, South Korea.

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The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.

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Yangzhou, formerly romanized as Yangchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu Province, China.

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Yangzhou massacre

The Yangzhou massacre took place in 1645 in Yangzhou, China, during the Qing dynasty.

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Zhang Xianzhong

Zhang Xianzhong or Chang Hsien-chung (September 18, 1606 – January 2, 1647), nicknamed Yellow Tiger, was a leader of a peasant revolt from Yan'an, Shaanxi Province.

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, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.

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Zheng Jing

Zheng Jing (25 October 1642 – 17 March 1681), courtesy names Xianzhi (賢之) and Yuanzhi (元之), pseudonym Shitian (式天), was a 17th-century Chinese warlord and Ming Dynasty loyalist.

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Zheng Keshuang

Zheng Keshuang, Prince of Yanping 鄭克塽 (13 August 1670 – 22 September 1707), courtesy name Shihong, art name Huitang, was the third and last ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan in the 17th century.

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Zheng Zhilong

Zheng Zhilong (1604–1661), also known as Nicholas Iquan Gaspard and Ching Chih-lung, was a Chinese merchant, pirate and military leader in the late Ming dynasty who later defected to the Qing dynasty.

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Zhenjiang, formerly romanized as Chenkiang, is a prefecture-level city in Jiangsu Province, China.

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Zhou dynasty

The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.

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, formerly romanized as Chusan, is a prefecture-level "city" in northeastern Zhejiang Province in eastern China.

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Zhu Shugui

Zhu Shugui (1617 – 21 July 1683), courtesy name Tianqiu and art name Yiyuanzi, formally known as the Prince of Ningjing, was a Ming dynasty prince and the last of the pretenders to the Ming throne after the fall of the Ming Empire in 1644.

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Zhu Yihai

The Gengyin Emperor (1618–1662), personal name Zhu Yihai, was an emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty, reigning from 1645 to 1655.

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Zhu Youlang

The Yongli Emperor (1623–1662; reigned 18 November 1646 – 1 June 1662), personal name Zhu Youlang, was the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China.

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Zhu Yousong

The Hongguang Emperor (1607–1646), personal name Zhu Yousong, was the first emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty.

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Zhu Yujian

Zhu Yujian (1602 – 6 October 1646), the Prince of Tang, reigned as the Longwu Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty from 18 August 1645, when he was enthroned in Fuzhou, to 6 October 1646, when he was captured and executed by a contingent of the Qing army.

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Zhu Yuyue

Zhu Yuyue (died January 1647), the Prince of Tang (唐王) reigned as the Shaowu Emperor (紹武) of the Southern Ming dynasty from 1646-1647.

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Zhu Zhiyu

Zhu Zhiyu (1600–1682), whose courtesy name was Luyu (魯璵) in China and Shunshui (舜水; romaji: Shunsui) in Japan, was one of the greatest scholars of Confucianism in the Ming Dynasty and the Edo Japan.

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Zuo Liangyu

Zuo Liangyu (1599–1645) was a Ming dynasty general.

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Redirects here:

Ming Dong, South Ming, Southern Ming Dynasty, Southern Ming Dynasty of China, Southern Ming dynasty.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Ming

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