238 relations: Aeroflot, Aeronautics, Air army (Soviet Union), Air interdiction, Air supremacy, Airborne early warning and control, Aleksandr Loktionov, Alexander Novikov, Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev, Alexander Vasilyevich Belyakov, Alexander Yefimov, Allies of World War II, Antonov An-12, Antonov An-124 Ruslan, Antonov An-22, Arkady Rosengolts, Aviation Division, Aviation regiment (Soviet Union), Šiauliai International Airport, Baku Air Defence Army, Baltic Military District, Belarusian Air Force, Bell P-39 Airacobra, Bell P-63 Kingcobra, Belorussian Military District, Beriev A-50, Bishkek, Boeing X-32, Bogatyr, Bolsheviks, Bomber, Borisoglebsk (air base), Carpathian Military District, Central Group of Forces, Chelyabinsk Red Banner Military Aviation Institute of Navigators, Chernihiv Air Base, Chief marshal of the branch, Chuhuiv, Chuy Region, Close air support, Cold War, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Czechoslovakia, Demographics of the Soviet Union, Denmark, Douglas A-20 Havoc, Eastern Front (World War II), Electronic countermeasure, Far Eastern Military District, ..., Fighter aircraft, Folklore of Russia, Friendly fire, Georgy Baydukov, German Army (Wehrmacht), Great Purge, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Guards unit, Hawker Hurricane, Hungary, Ilyushin DB-3, Ilyushin Il-18, Ilyushin Il-2, Ilyushin Il-4, Ilyushin Il-76, Ilyushin Il-78, Imperial Russian Air Service, Interceptor aircraft, Irkutsk, Ivan Kozhedub, Jane's Intelligence Review, Jassy–Kishinev Offensive, Joseph Stalin, Kacha Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots, Kansk, Kharkiv, Kiev Military Aviation Engineering Academy, Kiev Military District, Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, Konstantin Akashev, Konstantin Vershinin, Korean War, Krasnaya Zvezda, Krasnodar, Kryvyi Rih, Lavochkin La-5, Leadership, Lend-Lease, Leningrad Front, Leningrad Military District, Leningrad Oblast, List of Russian aerospace engineers, List of Russian aviators, List of Soviet Air Force bases, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, Long Range Aviation, Luftflotte 4, Luftwaffe, Lugansk Higher Military Aviation School of Navigators, Luhansk, Lydia Litvyak, Marina Raskova, Marshal, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Migalovo (air base), Mikhail Gromov (military), Mikoyan LMFS, Mikoyan MiG-27, Mikoyan MiG-29, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25, Mil Mi-14, Mil Mi-17, Mil Mi-2, Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-8, Military district, Military Transport Aviation, Milovice (Nymburk District), Mimicry, Moscow Military District, Myasishchev M-4, Nazi Germany, Night Witches, North Caucasus Military District, Northrop YF-23, October Revolution, Officer (armed forces), OKB, Omsk, Operation Barbarossa, Orenburg, Orenburg Oblast, Pavel Kutakhov, Pavel Rychagov, Pavel Zhigarev, PDF, Petlyakov Pe-2, Polikarpov I-15, Polikarpov I-16, Polikarpov Po-2, Propaganda in the Soviet Union, Purge of the Red Army in 1941, RAND Corporation, Reconnaissance, Red Army, Republic of China Air Force, Republics of the Soviet Union, Royal Romanian Air Force, Russia, Russian Air Force, Russian fairy tale, Saab JAS 39 Gripen, Second Sino-Japanese War, Smolensk, Southern Group of Forces, Soviet Air Defence Forces, Soviet Air Forces, Soviet air show, Soviet Armed Forces, Soviet Naval Aviation, Soviet Navy, Soviet Union, Soviet Volunteer Group, Soviet–Afghan War, Spanish Civil War, Special Purpose Command, Starokostiantyniv, Stavropol, Stavropol Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots and Navigators PVO, Stealth technology, Steppe Front, Strategic Missile Troops, Sukhoi, Sukhoi Su-17, Sukhoi Su-24, Sukhoi Su-25, Sukhoi Su-27, Sukhoi Su-57, Sukhoi Su-7, Supermarine Spitfire, Tambov, Tambov Oblast, Time (magazine), Totskoye, Transbaikal Military District, Transcaucasian Military District, Tupolev ANT-25, Tupolev SB, Tupolev Tu-16, Tupolev Tu-160, Tupolev Tu-22, Tupolev Tu-22M, Tupolev Tu-95, Tushino Airfield, Ufa, United Kingdom, Valery Chkalov, Valery Chkalov (film), Vitebsk, Volga–Urals Military District, Volgograd, Winter War, World War II, World War II aircraft production, Yakov Alksnis, Yakov Smushkevich, Yakovlev Yak-1, Yakovlev Yak-141, Yakovlev Yak-28, Yakovlev Yak-3, Yakovlev Yak-9, Yekaterina Budanova, Yevgeny Shaposhnikov, Yeysk, 10th Independent Air Defence Army, 11th Air and Air Defence Forces Army, 125th Guards Dive Bomber Regiment, 14th Air and Air Defence Forces Army, 14th Air Army, 16th Air Army, 17th Air Army, 1st Air Army, 23rd Air Army, 24th Air Army, 26th Air Army, 37th Air Army, 3rd Ukrainian Front, 40th Army (Soviet Union), 4th Independent Air Defence Army, 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment, 5th Air Army, 64th Fighter Aviation Corps, 6th Air and Air Defence Forces Army, 6th Air Army, 76th Air Army. Expand index (188 more) » « Shrink index
PJSC AeroflotRussian Airlines (ПАО "Аэрофло́т — Росси́йские авиали́нии"), commonly known as Aeroflot (Аэрофлот, English translation: "air fleet"), is the flag carrier and largest airline of the Russian Federation.
Aeronautics (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere.
An air army was a type of formation of the Soviet Air Forces from 1936 until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.
Air interdiction (AI), also known as deep air support (DAS), is the use of preventive aircraft attacks against enemy targets, that are not an immediate threat, in order to delay, disrupt, or hinder later enemy engagement of friendly forces.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.
Aleksandr Dmitrievich Loktionov (Александр Дмитриевич Локтионов) (11 (23) August 1893 – 28 October 1941) was a Soviet general.
Alexander Alexandrovich Novikov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Но́виков; – December 3, 1976) was the Chief marshal of the aviation for the Soviet Air Force during Russia's involvement in the Second World War.
Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev (Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Я́ковлев; 22 August 1989) was a Soviet aeronautical engineer.
Alexander Vasilyevich Belyakov (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Беляко́в; – 28 November 1982) was a Soviet flight navigator who, together with command pilot Valery Chkalov and co-pilot Georgy Baydukov, set a record for the longest uninterrupted flight in 1936 and made the first non-stop flight across the North Pole, flying from Moscow to Vancouver, Washington.
Marshal of the aviation Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yefimov (Александр Николаевич Ефимов) (6 February 1923 – 31 August 2012) was a Soviet senior military officer who served as Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Air Force from 1984 to 1990.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Antonov An-12 (Russian: Антонов Ан-12; NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop transport aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Антонов Ан-124 "Руслан") (NATO reporting name: Condor) is a strategic airlift jet aircraft.
The Antonov An-22 "Antei" (An-22 Antej; English Antheus) (NATO reporting name "Cock") is a heavy military transport aircraft designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
Arkady Pavlovich Rosengolts (1889–15/3/1938), sometimes spelled 'Rosengoltz' or 'Rosenholz', was a Bolshevik politician, a Soviet Commissar of Foreign Trade and a defendant at the Moscow Trial of the Twenty-One in 1938.
An Aviation Division (авиационная дивизия.) was a type of formation of the Military Air Forces of the Red Army during the Second World War, the Soviet Air Forces, Soviet Air Defence Forces (PVO) and Aviation of the Military Naval Fleet, and since 1991 remain major formations within the Military Air Forces of the Russian Federation.
An Aviation Regiment (авиационный полк).
Šiauliai International Airport (also known as Zokniai Airport, Zoknių oro uostas) is located southeast of the city of Šiauliai, in northern Lithuania.
The Baku Air Defence Army (Бакинская армия ПВО) was formed on the Eastern Front of World War II, following the decree of the USSR State Defense Committee of April 5, 1942.
The Baltic Military District was a military district of the Soviet armed forces in the occupied Baltic states, formed briefly before the German invasion during the World War II.
The Military Air Force and Air Defence Forces of the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Ваенна-паветраныя сілы і войскі супрацьпаветранай абароны Рэспублікі Беларусь) is the air force of the Armed Forces of Belarus, formed in 1992 from the 26th Air Army of the Soviet Air Forces which had been serving in the Byelorussian SSR.
The Bell P-39 Airacobra was one of the principal American fighter aircraft in service when the United States entered World War II.
The Bell P-63 Kingcobra is an American fighter aircraft developed by Bell Aircraft in World War II from the Bell P-39 Airacobra in an attempt to correct that aircraft's deficiencies.
The Byelorussian Military District (Белорусский военный округ, Belarusskiy Voyenyi Okrug; alternative spelling Belorussian) was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces.
The Beriev A-50 (NATO reporting name: Mainstay) is a Soviet airborne early warning and control (AEW) aircraft based on the Ilyushin Il-76 transport.
Bishkek (Бишке́к, BISHKEK, بىشکەک;; bʲɪʂˈkʲɛk), formerly Pishpek and Frunze, is the capital and largest city of Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic).
The Boeing X-32 was a concept demonstrator aircraft in the Joint Strike Fighter contest.
A Bogatyr (a) or vityaz (p) is a stock character in medieval East Slavic legends, akin to a Western European knight-errant.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
For the airport in Kazan see Kazan Borisoglebskoye. Borisoglebsk (also Borisoglebsk East) is an air base in Voronezh Oblast, Russia located 6 km east of Borisoglebsk.
The Carpathian Military District was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces during the Cold War and subsequently of the Armed Forces of Ukraine during the early Post-Soviet period.
The Central Group of Forces was a formation of the Soviet Armed Forces used to control Soviet troops in Central Europe on two occasions: in Austria and Hungary from 1945-55 and troops stationed in Czechoslovakia after the Prague Spring of 1968.
The Chelyabinsk Red Banner Military Aviation Institute of Navigators is a Russian Air Force school, located in Chelyabinsk.
Chernihiv (also given in the Soviet era as Chernigov) is an air base in Ukraine located 5 km north of Chernihiv.
The ranks chief marshal of the branch (главный маршал рода войск, glavny marshal roda voysk) and marshal of the branch (маршал рода войск, marshal roda voysk) were senior military ranks of the Soviet Armed Forces.
Chuhuiv (Чугуїв, Čuhujiv) or Chuguev (Чугуев, Čugujev) is a Ukrainian city in Kharkiv Oblast.
Chuy Region or Chui Region (Kyrgyz: Чүй облусу, Çüy oblusu; Чуйская область, Čujskaja oblastj) is the northernmost region (oblast) of the Kyrgyz Republic.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
According to data from the 1989 Soviet census, the population of the Soviet Union was 70% East Slavs, 12% Turkic peoples, and all other ethnic groups below 10%.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
The Douglas A-20 Havoc (company designation DB-7) is a United States attack, light bomber, intruder, and reconnaissance aircraft of World War II.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
An electronic countermeasure (ECM) is an electrical or electronic device designed to trick or deceive radar, sonar or other detection systems, like infrared (IR) or lasers.
The Far Eastern Military District (Dalʹnevostochnyĭ voennyĭ okrug, Дальневосточный военный округ) was a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Folklore of Russia is folklore of Russians and other ethnic groups of Russia.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
Georgy Filippovich Baydukov (Гео́ргий Фили́ппович Байдуко́в; – December 28, 1994) was a Soviet aircraft test pilot, a Hero of the Soviet Union (1936) and a writer.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
The Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (1954–1988) (Группа советских войск в Германии, ГСВГ), also known as the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany (1945–1954) and the Western Group of Forces (1988–1994) were the troops of the Soviet Army in East Germany.
Guards units are elite units and formations in the armed forces of the former Soviet Union and currently in the armed forces of Belarus and Russia.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Ilyushin DB-3, where "DB" stands for Dalniy Bombardirovschik (Russian: Дальний бомбардировщик) meaning "long-range bomber", was a Soviet bomber aircraft of World War II.
The Ilyushin Il-18 (Илью́шин Ил-18; NATO reporting name: Coot) is a large turboprop airliner that first flew in 1957 and became one of the best known and durable Soviet aircraft of its era.
The Ilyushin Il-2 (Cyrillic: Илью́шин Ил-2) Shturmovik (Cyrillic: Штурмови́к, Shturmovík) was a ground-attack aircraft produced by the Soviet Union in large numbers during the Second World War.
The Ilyushin Il-4 (Cyrillic Илью́шин Ил-4, NATO reporting name: "Bob"Gunston 1995, p. XXX.) was a Soviet World War II bomber aircraft, widely used by the Soviet Air Force (VVS, Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily).
The Ilyushin Il-76 (Илью́шин Ил-76; NATO reporting name: Candid) is a multi-purpose four-engine turbofan strategic airlifter designed by the Soviet Union's Ilyushin design bureau.
The Ilyushin Il-78 (Илью́шин Ил-78; NATO reporting name Midas) is a Soviet four-engined aerial refueling tanker based on the Il-76.
The Imperial Russian Air Service (Императорскiй военно-воздушный флотъ, literally Emperor's Military Air Fleet) was an air force founded in 1912 for Imperial Russia.
An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.
Irkutsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, and one of the largest cities in Siberia.
Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub (Russian: Иван Hикитович Кожедуб; Ukrainian: Іван Микитович Кожедуб; June 8, 1920 – August 8, 1991) was a Soviet military aviator and a World War II fighter ace.
Jane's Intelligence Review, part of Jane's Information Group, is a monthly journal on global security and stability issues published by IHS Global Ltd.
The Jassy–Kishinev Operation, named after the two major cities, Iași and Chișinău, in the staging area, was a Soviet offensive against Axis forces, which took place in Eastern Romania from 20 to 29 August 1944 during World War II.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
The Kacha Higher Military Aviation twice Red Banner order of Lenin School of Pilots named for A.F. Myasnikov (KVVAUL) (Качинское высшее военное авиационное дважды краснознаменное ордена Ленина училище летчиков им. А.Ф. Мясникова (КВВАУЛ)) was a flying training school of the Soviet Air Forces.
Kansk (Канск) is a town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on both banks of the Kan River.
Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.
Kiev Military Aviation Engineering Academy (Київське вище військове авіаційне інженерне училище, КВВАІУ) is one of the leading military educational university-level institutions and research centers of the Soviet Union on the preparation of highly qualified engineers of various specialties for the Air Force.
The Kiev Military District was a military district of the Imperial Russian Army and subsequently of the Red Army and Soviet Armed Forces.
Kirghizia, officially the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (Kirghiz SSR; Кыргыз Советтик Социалисттик Республикасы Qığız Sovettik Soţialisttik Respublikası; Киргизская Советская Социалистическая Республика Kirgizskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika) and the Republic of Kirghizia, also referred to as Soviet Kirghizia, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1936 to 1991.
Konstantin Akashev (Константи́н Васи́льевич Ака́шев) (1888–1931) was a Belorussian revolutionary and aviator who became the first leader of the Soviet Air Force.
Chief marshal of the aviation Konstantin Andreevich Vershinin (Константин Андреевич Вершинин; 3 June 1900 – 30 December 1973) was commander of the Soviet Air Force from 1946 to 1949 and from 1957 to 1969.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Krasnaya Zvezda (Кра́сная звезда́, literally "Red Star") is an official newspaper of Soviet and later Russian Ministry of Defence.
Krasnodar (p) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Kuban River, approximately northeast of the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.
Kryvyi Rih (krɪˈwɪj riɦ|lit.
The Lavochkin La-5 (Лавочкин Ла-5) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II.
Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.
The Lend-Lease policy, formally titled An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States, was an American program to defeat Germany, Japan and Italy by distributing food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945.
The Leningrad Front (Ленинградский фронт) was formed during the 1941 German approach on Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) by dividing the Northern Front into the Leningrad Front and Karelian Front on August 27, 1941.
The Leningrad Military District was a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
Leningrad Oblast (lʲɪnʲɪnˈgratskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
This list of Russian aerospace engineers includes the designers of aircraft, rocketry and spacecraft, and developers of auxiliary aerospace technologies from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.
This list of Russian and Soviet aviators includes the noteworthy aviators of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.
This List of Soviet Air Force bases shows the state of the Soviet Air Force and Russian Air Force during the last decade of the Cold War to the mid-1990s.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
Long Range Aviation (r, abbr. to AДД, or ADD) is the branch of the Soviet Air Forces and Russian Air Force tasked with long-range bombardment of strategic targets with nuclear weapons.
Luftflotte 4 (Air Fleet 4) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The Lugansk Higher Military Aviation School of Navigators was a flying training school of the Soviet Air Forces and later the Ukrainian Air Force.
Luhansk (Luhans'k) or Lugansk (Луганск), formerly known as Voroshilovgrad (1935–1958 and 1970–1990) is a city near the eastern border of Ukraine and western Russia.
Lydia Vladimirovna Litvyak (Лидия Владимировна Литвяк, (August 18, 1921, in Moscow – August 1, 1943, in Krasnyi Luch), also known as Lilya, was a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force during World War II.Goodpaster 2009, p. 27. With five solo victories, soviet propaganda claimed up to twelve solo victories and two to four shared kills in 66 combat sorties.Jackson 2003, p. 57.Seidl 1998, p. 323.Spick 1999, p. 120. In about two years of operations, she was the first female fighter pilot to shoot down an enemy aircraft, the first of two female fighter pilots who have earned the title of fighter ace and the holder of the record for the greatest number of kills by a female fighter pilot. She was shot down near Orel during the Battle of Kursk as she attacked a formation of German aeroplanes.
Marina Mikhailovna Raskova (Раско́ва Мари́на Миха́йловна; March 28, 1912 – January 4, 1943) was a famous Soviet pilot and navigator.
Marshal is a term used in several official titles in various branches of society.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.
Migalovo (also given as Tver Migalovo, Kalinin) is an air base in Tver Oblast, Russia located 10 km west of Tver.
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov (Михаи́л Миха́йлович Гро́мов; 23 February 1899 – 22 January 1985) a Russian and Soviet military aviator, test pilot and researcher, Hero of the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan LMFS (Микоян ЛМФС) Liogkiy Mnogofunktsionalniy Frontovoi Samolyet (LMFS)—or Light Multi-Function Frontal Aircraft, is a proposed Russian stealth, single-engine multirole combat aircraft, loosely based on the cancelled Mikoyan Project 1.44.
The Mikoyan MiG-27 (Микоян МиГ-27; NATO reporting name: Flogger-D/J) is a variable-geometry ground-attack aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union and later license-produced in India by Hindustan Aeronautics as the Bahadur ("Valiant").
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-23; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-25; NATO reporting name: Foxbat) is a supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft that was among the fastest military aircraft to enter service.
The Mil Mi-14 (Миль Ми-14, NATO reporting name: Haze) is a Soviet shore-based nuclear-capable amphibious anti-submarine helicopter derived from the earlier Mi-8.
The Mil Mi-17 (NATO reporting name: Hip) is a Russian helicopter in production at two factories in Kazan and Ulan-Ude.
The Mil Mi-2 (NATO reporting name Hoplite) is a small, lightly armored turbine-powered transport helicopter that could also provide close air support when armed with 57 mm rockets and a 23 mm cannon.
The Mil Mi-24 (Миль Ми-24; NATO reporting name: Hind) is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers.
The Mil Mi-8 (Ми-8, NATO reporting name: Hip) is a medium twin-turbine helicopter, originally designed by the Soviet Union, and now produced by Russia.
Military districts (also called military regions) are formations of a state's armed forces (often of the Army) which are responsible for a certain area of territory.
Military Transport Aviation Command (Кома́ндование вое́нно-тра́нспортной авиа́ции (ВТА) — Komandovaniye voyenno-transportnoy aviatsii (VTA)) was a major component of the former Soviet Air Forces, active from the Cold War period, through the dissolution of the Soviet Union, to 1998–1999.
Milovice (Milowitz) is a town in the Czech Republic in the Nymburk District located about northeast of Prague.
In evolutionary biology, mimicry is a similarity of one organism, usually an animal, to another that has evolved because the resemblance is selectively favoured by the behaviour of a shared signal receiver that can respond to both.
The Moscow Military District was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces and the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
The Myasishchev M-4 Molot (Молот (Hammer), USAF/DoD reporting name "Type 37", NATO reporting name Bison) is a four-engined strategic bomber designed by Myasishchev and manufactured by the Soviet Union in the 1950s to provide a Long Range Aviation bomber capable of attacking targets in North America.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
"Night Witches" (Nachthexen; Ночные ведьмы) was a World War II German nickname for the female military aviators of the 588th Night Bomber Regiment, known later as the 46th "Taman" Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment, of the Soviet Air Forces.
The North Caucasus Military District was a military district of the Russian Armed Forces, which became in 2010 the Southern Military District and lately also included the Black Sea Fleet and Caspian Flotilla.
The Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 was an American single-seat, twin-engine stealth fighter aircraft technology demonstrator designed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
OKB is a transliteration of the Russian initials of "Опытное конструкторское бюро" – Opytnoye Konstruktorskoye Buro, meaning Experimental Design Bureau.
Omsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Omsk Oblast, Russia, located in southwestern Siberia from Moscow.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Orenburg (p) is the administrative center of Orenburg Oblast, Russia.
Orenburg Oblast (Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Pavel Stepanovich Kutakhov (3 August 1914 – 3 December 1984) was Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Air Forces between 1969 and 1984, Chief Marshal of Aviation since 1972, twice Hero of Soviet Union (1943, 1984), Honored Pilot of USSR (1966).
Pavel Vasilievich Rychagov (2 January 1911 – 28 October 1941) was the Commander of the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) for a brief time from 28 August 1940 to 14 April 1941.
Pavel Fedorovich Zhigarev (Па́вел Фёдорович Жи́гарев; November 6, 1900 – August 2, 1963) was the commander-in-chief of the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) twice (1941–42, 1949–57), and also served as the Chief Marshal of Aviation from 1955–59.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
The Petlyakov Pe-2 (Петляков Пе-2) was a Soviet light bomber used during World War II.
The Polikarpov I-15 (И-15) was a Soviet biplane fighter aircraft of the 1930s.
The Polikarpov I-16 was a Soviet fighter aircraft of revolutionary design; it was the world's first low-wing cantilever monoplane fighter with retractable landing gear to attain operational status and as such "introduced a new vogue in fighter design."Green, William.
The Polikarpov Po-2 (also U-2, for its initial ''uchebnyy'' role as a flight instruction aircraft) served as a general-purpose Soviet biplane, nicknamed Kukuruznik (Кукурузник,Gunston 1995, p. 292. from Russian "kukuruza" (кукуруза) for maize; thus, "maize duster" or "crop duster"), NATO reporting name "Mule".
Communist propaganda in the Soviet Union was extensively based on the Marxism-Leninism ideology to promote the Communist Party line.
Between October 1940 and February 1942, in spite of the ongoing German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Red Army, in particular the Soviet Air Force, as well as Soviet military-related industries were subjected to purges by Stalin.
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) is the aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
The Republics of the Soviet Union or the Union Republics (r) of the Soviet Union were ethnically based proto-states that were subordinated directly to the Government of the Soviet Union.
The Air Arm of the Royal Romanian forces in World War II was officially named the Aeronautica Regala Romana (ARR), or the Romanian Royal Aeronautics, though it is more commonly referred to in English histories as the Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României (Royal Romanian Air Force, FARR), or simply Forţele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force).
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian Air Force (r, literally "military air forces of Russia") is a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, the latter being formed on 1 August 2015 with the merger of the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces.
Skazka (Сказка) is a Russian word literally meaning “story,” but used to mean fairy tale or a fantasy tale.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (English: "griffin") is a light single-engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
Smolensk (a) is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Dnieper River, west-southwest of Moscow.
The Southern Group of Forces (YUGV) was a Soviet Armed Forces formation formed twice following the Second World War, most notably around the time of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.
The Soviet Air Defence Forces (войска ПВО, voyska protivovozdushnoy oborony, voyska PVO, V-PVO, lit. Anti-Air Defence Troops; and formerly protivovozdushnaya oborona strany, PVO strany, lit. Anti-Air Defence of the Nation) was the air defence branch of the Soviet Armed Forces.
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
In the life of Soviet Union, air shows were a highly regarded type of parade, almost always of military nature.
The Soviet Armed Forces, also called the Armed Forces of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (Russian: Вооружённые Силы Союза Советских Социалистических Республик Vooruzhonnyye Sily Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, Вооружённые Силы Советского Союза) refers to the armed forces of the Russian SFSR (1917–1922), the Soviet Union (1922–1991) and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1912–1991) from their beginnings in the aftermath of the Russian Civil War to its dissolution on 26 December 1991.
Soviet Naval Aviation (AV-MF, for Авиация военно-морского флота in Russian, or Aviatsiya voyenno-morskogo flota, literally "aviation of the military maritime fleet") was a part of the Soviet Navy.
The Soviet Navy (Military Maritime Fleet of the USSR) was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Soviet Volunteer Group was the volunteer part of the Soviet Air Forces sent to support the Republic of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War between 1937 and 1941.
The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
The Special Purpose Command (Komandovaniye Spetsialnogo Naznacheniya) was a formation of the Russian Air Force, the strongest among the tactical aviation and anti-aircraft groupings.
Starokostiantyniv (Старокостянтинів; Starokonstantynów, or Konstantynów; אלט-קאָנסטאַנטין Alt Konstantin) is a city in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.
Stavropol (p) is a city and the administrative center of Stavropol Krai, Russia.
The Stavropol Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots and Navigators of the Air Defense Forces was an aviation school located in the city of Stavropol (at Stavropol Shpakovskoye Airport), which trained flight personnel (pilots and navigators) for the Soviet Air Defence Forces and Air Forces.
Stealth technology also termed low observable technology (LO technology) is a sub-discipline of military tactics and passive electronic countermeasures, which cover a range of techniques used with personnel, aircraft, ships, submarines, missiles and satellites to make them less visible (ideally invisible) to radar, infrared, sonar and other detection methods.
The Steppe Front (Степной фронт), later the 2nd Ukrainian Front (2-й Украинский фронт), was a ''front'' of the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Strategic Missile Troops or Strategic Rocket Forces of the Russian Federation or RVSN RF are a military branch of the Russian Armed Forces that controls Russia's land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).
The JSC Sukhoi Company (ПАО «Компания „Сухой“») is a major Russian aircraft manufacturer, headquartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, and designs both civilian and military aircraft.
The Sukhoi Su-17 (NATO reporting name: Fitter) is a Soviet variable-sweep wing fighter-bomber developed from the Sukhoi Su-7.
The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name: Fencer) is a supersonic, all-weather attack aircraft developed in the Soviet Union.
The Sukhoi Su-25 Grach (Грач (rook); NATO reporting name: Frogfoot) is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft developed in the Soviet Union by Sukhoi.
The Sukhoi Su-27 (Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi.
The Sukhoi Su-57 (Сухой Су-57) is the designation for a stealth, single-seat, twin-engine multirole fifth-generation jet fighter being developed for air superiority and attack operations.
The Sukhoi Su-7 (NATO designation name: Fitter-A) was a swept wing, supersonic fighter aircraft developed by the Soviet Union in 1955.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
Tambov (p) is a city and the administrative center of Tambov Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Tsna and Studenets Rivers, about south-southeast of Moscow. Population: 280,161 (2010 Census); 293,658 (2002 Census);.
Tambov Oblast (Тамбо́вская о́бласть, Tambovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Totskoye (То́цкое) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Totsky District of Orenburg Oblast, Russia.
The Transbaikal Military District (Забайкальский военный округ) was a military district of first the Soviet Armed Forces and then the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, formed on May 17, 1935 and included the Buryat Republic, Chita Oblast, and Yakutia.
The Transcaucasian Military District, a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces, traces its history to May 1921 and the incorporation of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia into the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev ANT-25 was a Soviet long-range experimental aircraft which was also tried as a bomber.
The Tupolev ANT-40, also known by its service name Tupolev SB (Скоростной бомбардировщик – Skorostnoi Bombardirovschik – high speed bomber) and development co-name TsAGI-40, was a high speed twin-engined three-seat monoplane bomber, first flown in 1934.
The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO reporting name: Badger) was a twin-engined jet strategic heavy bomber used by the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-160 (White Swan; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name: Blinder) was the first supersonic bomber to enter production in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau.
The Tupolev Tu-95 (Туполев Ту-95; NATO reporting name: "Bear") is a large, four-engine turboprop-powered strategic bomber and missile platform.
Tushino airfield is a former general aviation airfield located in Tushino, northwest Moscow, Russia.
Ufa (p; Өфө) is the capital city of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, and the industrial, economic, scientific and cultural center of the republic.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov (p; February 2, 1904 – December 15, 1938) was a Soviet and Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union (1936).
Valery Chkalov (Валерий Чкалов, UK title - The Red Flyer, United States title - Wings of Victory) is a Soviet biopic about the life of Valery Chkalov, directed by Mikhail Kalatozov.
Vitebsk, or Vitsebsk (Ві́цебск, Łacinka: Viciebsk,; Витебск,, Vitebskas), is a city in Belarus.
The Volga–Ural Military District was a military district of the Russian Ground Forces, formed on 1 September 2001 by the amalgamation of the Volga Military District and the Ural Military District.
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
This table lists aircraft production during World War II by country and year.
Yakov Ivanovich Alksnis (Jēkabs Alksnis, Яков Иванович Алкснис, 26 January 1897 – 28 July 1938) was the commander of the Red Army Air Forces from 1931 to 1937.
Yakov Vladimirovich Smushkevich (Яков Владимирович Смушкевич; April 14, 1902 – October 28, 1941) was a Lithuanian Jew and Commander of the Soviet Air Force.
The Yakovlev Yak-1 (Яковлев Як-1) was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.
The Yakovlev Yak-141 (Яковлев Як-141; NATO reporting name "Freestyle"), also known as the Yak-41, was a Soviet supersonic vertical takeoff/landing (VTOL) fighter aircraft designed by Yakovlev.
The Yakovlev Yak-28 (Яковлев Як-28) is a swept wing, turbojet-powered combat aircraft used by the Soviet Union.
The Yakovlev Yak-3 (Russian: Я́ковлев Як-3) was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.
The Yakovlev Yak-9 was a single-engine fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after.
Yekaterina Vasylievna Budanova (Cyrillic: Екатерина Васильевна Буданова), nicknamed Katya (Катя), (6 December 1916 – 19 July 1943),Polunina 2004, p. 137.
Yevgeny Ivanovich Shaposhnikov (Евгений Иванович Шапошников; born 3 February 1942) is a Russian military leader and business figure, Marshal of Aviation (1991).
Yeysk (Ейск) is a port and a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the shore of the Taganrog Gulf of the Sea of Azov.
The 10th Independent Red Banner Air Defence Army (Military Unit Number 41137) was an army of the Soviet Air Defence Forces, active from 1960 to 1994.
The 11th Army of VVS and PVO (11-я армия ВВС и ПВО) was a formation of the Russian Air Force, which was located in the Russian Far East and Pacific Coast area, and its zone of responsibility covered the Far East Military District.
The 125th Guards Dive Bomber Regiment was one of the three Soviet women's aviation regiments founded by Marina Raskova at the start of the Second World War.
The 14th Air and Air Defence Forces Army is an air army of the Russian Air Force, part of the Central Military District and headquartered at Yekaterinburg.
The 14th Air Army was an air army of the Soviet Air Forces during World War II and the Cold War and of the Ukrainian Air Force in the early Post-Soviet period.
The 16th Red Banner Air Army (16-я воздушная Краснознамённая армия) was the most important formation of the Special Purpose Command.
The 17th Air Army (17-я воздушная армия) was an Air army of the Red Air Force and Soviet Air Forces from 1942.
The 1st Air Army (1-я воздушная армия) was an Air Army in the Soviet Air Force which served during World War II.
The 23rd Air Army was an Air army of the Soviet Air Forces and the Russian Air Forces, active from the 1960s to the 1990s.
The 24th Air Army was an Air army of the Soviet Air Forces, active from 1980, and probably inactivated in 1992.
The 26th Air Army was an Air army of the Soviet Air Forces active from 1949 to 1980, and then 1988-circa 1991.
The 37th Air Army (r) of the High Supreme Command (Strategic Purpose) was the strategic bomber force of the Russian Air Force from 1998 to 2009.
3rd Ukrainian Front (Третій Український фронт) was a Front of the Red Army during World War II.
The 40th Army of the Soviet Union's Soviet Army was an army-level command that participated in World War II from 1941 to 1945 and was reformed specifically for the Soviet War in Afghanistan from 1979 to circa 1990.
The 4th Independent Air Defence Army (Russian: 4-я отдельная армия ПВО) was an army of the Soviet Air Defence Forces.
The 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment was one of the three Soviet women's aviation regiments founded by Marina Raskova at the start of the Second World War after she convinced Joseph Stalin to allow her to form three all-female aviation regiments.
The 5th Air Army was an air army of the Soviet Air Forces and later the Ukrainian Air Force.
The 64th Fighter Aviation Corps (64th IAK) was an aviation corps of the Soviet Air Forces.
The 6th Red Banner Leningrad Army of Air and Air Defence Forces (6-я Краснознамённая Ленинградская армия Военно-воздушных сил и противовоздушной обороны) is an Air Army of the Russian Air Force.
The 6th Air Army was an air army of the Red Army's Air Force during the Second World War and from 1946-1949.
The 76th Air Army was a unit of the Soviet Air Forces from 1949–1980, and again from 1988-98.
Air Fleet of the Soviet Union, Frontal Aviation, Red Air Force, Red Air force, Red Airforce, Red Army Air Force, Red Army's Air Force, SBAP (Soviet Air Forces), ShAD, Soviet Air Force, Soviet Airforce, Soviet Strategic Air Force, Soviet air force, VVS RKKA, Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily, Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily Frontovaya Aviatsiya, Voenno-vozdushniye Sily, Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily.