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Index Soybean

The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses. [1]

328 relations: A. Carl Leopold, Abura-age, Adsorption, Age of Discovery, Agrobacterium, Albumin, Aldo Leopold, Allergy, Alpha amylase inhibitor, Amazon rainforest, American Cancer Society, American Heart Association, Anaphylaxis, Anemia, Angioedema, Annual plant, Anthoxanthum, Archaeological site, Art silk, Ash (analytical chemistry), Auctorum, Azlon, B vitamins, Bean, Beta-Sitosterol, Bifidobacterium, Biodiesel, Biodiversity, Biological value, Biotechnology, Black turtle bean, Blood lipids, Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra, Boyce Thompson Institute, Brassicasterol, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Bread, Breast cancer, Calcium, Calorie, Campesterol, Carbohydrate, Carbon dioxide, Carcinogen, Cardiovascular disease, Carl Linnaeus, Casein, Cash crop, Cellulose, Center for Science in the Public Interest, ..., Cereal, Cerrado, Charles Piper, Cheese analogue, Chelation, Cheonggukjang, Chicago Board of Trade, Chickpea, China, Clinical research, Coffee, Conrad Moench, Cornell University, Coronary artery disease, Cotyledon, Coumarin, Coumestan, Coumestrol, Crop rotation, Cultigen, Cultivar, Cupin superfamily, Daidzein, Dairy, Dairy product, Dalian Commodity Exchange, Deforestation, Denaturation (biochemistry), Desiccation, Diarrhea, Dicotyledon, Dietary fiber, Dietary supplement, Doenjang, Dog food, Douchi, Dust Bowl, Dutch East India Company, East Asia, East India Company, Edamame, Elmer Drew Merrill, Environmental impact of meat production, Estrogen, Eudicots, European Food Safety Authority, European Union, Extraction (chemistry), Fabaceae, Fabales, Faboideae, Fat, Fermentation in food processing, Fermented bean paste, Fertilizer, Flatulence, Flavonoid, Flowering plant, Folate, Food and Drug Administration, Food extrusion, Food intolerance, Forage, Formaldehyde, Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel, Friedrich J. Haberlandt, Futures contract, Gaetano Savi, Galactose, Gỏi cuốn, Gene, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Genetically modified crops, Genetically modified food, Genetically modified organism containment and escape, Genistein, Georgia (country), Germination, Globulin, Glossary of archaeology, Glossary of leaf morphology, Gluten, Glycine, Glycine (plant), Glycine soja, Glycitein, Glyphosate, Gout, Great Depression, Greenpeace, Ground beef, Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten, Hammer mill, Hectare, Helicoverpa zea, Hemicellulose, Hemp, Henry Ford, Herbicide, Hexane, High-density lipoprotein, Hilum (biology), Hitler Youth, Hives, Husk, Hydrogen, Hypocholesterolemia, Hypocotyl, Hypothyroidism, Indeterminate growth, Indonesian language, Infant formula, Iron, Isoflavones, Italy, James Flint (merchant), Japan, Japanese cuisine, Java, Journal of Nutrition, Kansai Commodities Exchange, Karl Maximovich, Kinako, Kojiki, Korea, Korean cuisine, Lafayette Mendel, Leaflet (botany), Lecithin, Legume, Lignan, Linoleic acid, Lipid, List of soy-based foods, Literature review, Low-density lipoprotein, Lupinus, Magnesium, Malay Archipelago, Manchuria, Manganese, Margarine, Menopause, Meta-analysis, Methane, Mexican barbasco trade, Millet, Mineral (nutrient), Misnomer, Miso, Monocotyledon, Monogastric, Monounsaturated fat, Monsanto, Mumun pottery period, National Institutes of Health, Nattō, Nature (journal), Nature Publishing Group, Neoplasm, New South Wales, Nippo Jisho, Nitrogen fixation, No-till farming, Nut butter, Nutrient, Old Javanese, Oligosaccharide, Omega-6 fatty acid, Organic infant formula, Ovule, Pancreatic cancer, Peanut, Pectin, Perennial plant, Pho, Phosphorus, Photoperiodism, Photosynthesis, Phytic acid, Phytoestrogens, Phytosterol, Plant, Plant lipid transfer proteins, Plant morphology, Plant stem, Poaceae, Polyphenol, Polyunsaturated fat, Potassium, Prandial, Prolamin, Prostate cancer, Protein, Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score, Protein dispersibility index, Purine, Radicle, Radiocarbon dating, Raffinose, Reference Daily Intake, Resin, Respiratory tract infection, Rhizobia, Robert Boyer (chemist), Root nodule, Rosids, Russia, Salt, Samuel Bowen, Saponin, Saturated fat, Savannah, Georgia, Secoisolariciresinol, Seed, Selective estrogen receptor modulator, Serat Centhini, Serpin, Sewage sludge, Shennong, Skidaway Island, Georgia, Solae (company), Solvent, South African Futures Exchange, Soy milk, Soy molasses, Soy paint, Soy protein, Soy sauce, Soy yogurt, Soybean agglutinin, Soybean in Paraguay, Soybean management practices, Soybean oil, Soybean sprout, Sperm, Spermatophyte, Sphingolipid, Sri Tanjung, Stachyose, Staling, Steroid hormone, Stigmasterol, Sucrose, Surfactant, Svedberg, Sweet bean paste, Symbiosis, Synonym, Tương, Tempeh, Testosterone, Textured vegetable protein, Thomas Burr Osborne (chemist), Toddler, Tofu, Tofu skin, Tonne, Trehalose, Trypsin inhibitor, Turkey, TV dinner, United States Department of Agriculture, Variety (botany), Veganism, Vegetable oil, Veggie burger, Vitamin K, Vodka, Wagashi, Weston A. Price Foundation, Wheat flour, Whole food, World Food Prize, World Wide Fund for Nature, Yeast, Zinc, 1873 Vienna World's Fair. Expand index (278 more) »

A. Carl Leopold

Aldo Carl Leopold (December 18, 1919 – November 18, 2009) was an American academic and plant physiologist.

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, is a Japanese food product made from soybeans.

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Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.

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Age of Discovery

The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.

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Agrobacterium is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria established by H. J. Conn that uses horizontal gene transfer to cause tumors in plants.

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The albumins (formed from Latin: albumen "(egg) white; dried egg white") are a family of globular proteins, the most common of which are the serum albumins.

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Aldo Leopold

Aldo Leopold (January 11, 1887 – April 21, 1948) was an American author, philosopher, scientist, ecologist, forester, conservationist, and environmentalist.

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Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.

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Alpha amylase inhibitor

In molecular biology, alpha-amylase inhibitor is a protein family which inhibits mammalian alpha-amylases specifically, by forming a tight stoichiometric 1:1 complex with alpha-amylase.

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Amazon rainforest

The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; Forêt amazonienne; Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.

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American Cancer Society

The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer.

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American Heart Association

The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke.

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Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.

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Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

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Angioedema is an area of swelling of the lower layer of skin and tissue just under the skin or mucous membranes.

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Annual plant

An annual plant is a plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one year, and then dies.

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Anthoxanthum, commonly known as hornwort, vernal grasses, or vernalgrasses, (Latinised Greek for "yellow blossom"), is a genus of plants in the grass family.

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Archaeological site

An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology and represents a part of the archaeological record.

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Art silk

Artificial silk or art silk is any synthetic fiber which resembles silk, but typically costs less to produce.

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Ash (analytical chemistry)

In analytical chemistry, ashing or ash content determination is the process of mineralization for preconcentration of trace substances prior to a chemical analysis, such as chromatography, or optical analysis, such as spectroscopy.

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Auctorum (abbreviated auct. or auctt.), in botany and zoology is a term used to indicate that a name is used in the sense of a number of subsequent authors and not in its (different) sense as established by the original author.

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Azlon is a synthetic textile fiber composed of protein material derived from natural sources such as soy, peanut, milk or corn.

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B vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.

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A bean is a seed of one of several genera of the flowering plant family Fabaceae, which are used for human or animal food.

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β-Sitosterol (beta-sitosterol) is one of several phytosterols (plant sterols) with chemical structures similar to that of cholesterol.

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Bifidobacterium is a genus of gram-positive, nonmotile, often branched anaerobic bacteria.

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Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.

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Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

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Biological value

Biological value (BV) is a measure of the proportion of absorbed protein from a food which becomes incorporated into the proteins of the organism's body.

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Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).

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Black turtle bean

The black turtle bean is a small, shiny variety of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), especially popular in Latin American cuisine, though it can also be found in Cajun and Creole cuisines of south Louisiana.

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Blood lipids

Blood lipids (or blood fats) are lipids in the blood, either free or bound to other molecules.

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Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra

The Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra (Jardim Botânico da Universidade de Coimbra or simply Jardim Botânico) is a botanical garden in Coimbra, Portugal.

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Boyce Thompson Institute

The Boyce Thompson Institute (previously: Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research) is an independent research institute devoted to using plant sciences to improve agriculture, protect the environment, and enhance human health.

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Brassicasterol (24-methyl cholest-5,22-dien-3β-ol) is a 28-carbon sterol synthesised by several unicellular algae (phytoplankton) and some terrestrial plants, e.g., oilseed rape.

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Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation

The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa - Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária) is a state-owned research corporation affiliated with the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture.

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Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking.

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Breast cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.

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Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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A calorie is a unit of energy.

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Campesterol is a phytosterol whose chemical structure is similar to that of cholesterol.

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A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.

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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Casein ("kay-seen", from Latin caseus, "cheese") is a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).

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Cash crop

A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.

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Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Center for Science in the Public Interest

The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit watchdog and consumer advocacy group that advocates for safer and healthier foods.

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A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.

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The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins and Minas Gerais.

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Charles Piper

Charles Vancouver Piper (16 June 1867 – 11 February 1926) was an American botanist and agriculturalist.

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Cheese analogue

Cheese analogues (more widely known as cheese alternatives) are products used as culinary replacements for cheese.

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Chelation is a type of bonding of ions and molecules to metal ions.

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Cheonggukjang is a fermented soybean paste used in Korean cuisine.

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Chicago Board of Trade

The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), established on April 3, 1848, is one of the world's oldest futures and options exchanges.

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The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Clinical research

Clinical research is a branch of healthcare science that determines the safety and effectiveness (efficacy) of medications, devices, diagnostic products and treatment regimens intended for human use.

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Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

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Conrad Moench

Conrad Moench (sometimes written Konrad Mönch; 15 August 1744 – 6 January 1805) was a German botanist, professor of botany at Marburg University from 1786 until his death.

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Cornell University

Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.

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Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.

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A cotyledon ("seed leaf" from Latin cotyledon, from Greek: κοτυληδών kotylēdōn, gen.: κοτυληδόνος kotylēdonos, from κοτύλη ''kotýlē'' "cup, bowl") is a significant part of the embryo within the seed of a plant, and is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as "The primary leaf in the embryo of the higher plants (Phanerogams); the seed-leaf." Upon germination, the cotyledon may become the embryonic first leaves of a seedling.

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Coumarin (2H-chromen-2-one) is a fragrant organic chemical compound in the benzopyrone chemical class, although it may also be seen as a subclass of lactones.

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Coumestan is a heterocyclic organic compound.

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Coumestrol is a natural organic compound in the class of phytochemicals known as coumestans.

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Crop rotation

Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons.

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A cultigen (from the Latin cultus – cultivated, and gens – kind) is a plant that has been deliberately altered or selected by humans; it is the result of artificial selection.

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The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.

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Cupin superfamily

The cupin superfamily is a diverse superfamily of proteins named after its conserved barrel domain (cupa being the Latin term for a small barrel).

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Daidzein (7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one) is a naturally occurring compound found exclusively in soybeans and other legumes and structurally belongs to a class of compounds known as isoflavones.

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A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.

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Dairy product

Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.

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Dalian Commodity Exchange

The Dalian Commodity Exchange (DCE) is a Chinese futures exchange based in Dalian, Liaoning province, China.

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Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.

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Denaturation (biochemistry)

Denaturation is a process in which proteins or nucleic acids lose the quaternary structure, tertiary structure, and secondary structure which is present in their native state, by application of some external stress or compound such as a strong acid or base, a concentrated inorganic salt, an organic solvent (e.g., alcohol or chloroform), radiation or heat.

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Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying.

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Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

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The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.

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Dietary fiber

Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.

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Dietary supplement

A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.

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Doenjang ("thick sauce") or soybean paste is a type of fermented bean paste made entirely of soybean and brine.

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Dog food

Dog food is food specifically formulated and intended for consumption by dogs and other related canines.

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Douchi, or tochi is a type of fermented and salted black soybean.

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Dust Bowl

The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion (the Aeolian processes) caused the phenomenon.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

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East Asia

East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.

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Edamame is a preparation of immature soybeans in the pod, found in cuisines with origins in East Asia.

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Elmer Drew Merrill

Elmer Drew Merrill (October 15, 1876 – February 25, 1956) was an American botanist.

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Environmental impact of meat production

The environmental impact of meat production varies because of the wide variety of agricultural practices employed around the world.

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Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

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The eudicots, Eudicotidae or eudicotyledons are a clade of flowering plants that had been called tricolpates or non-magnoliid dicots by previous authors.

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European Food Safety Authority

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Extraction (chemistry)

Extraction in chemistry is a separation process consisting in the separation of a substance from a matrix.

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The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, Article 18.5 states: "The following names, of long usage, are treated as validly published:....Leguminosae (nom. alt.: Fabaceae; type: Faba Mill.);...

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The Fabales are an order of flowering plants included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II classification system.

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The Faboideae are a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae.

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Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.

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Fermentation in food processing

Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.

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Fermented bean paste

Fermented bean paste is a category of fermented foods typically made from ground soybeans, which are indigenous to the cuisines of East and Southeast Asia.

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A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

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Flatulence is defined in the medical literature as "flatus expelled through the anus" or the "quality or state of being flatulent", which is defined in turn as "marked by or affected with gases generated in the intestine or stomach; likely to cause digestive flatulence".

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Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant and fungus secondary metabolites.

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.

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Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

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Food extrusion

Food extrusion is a form of extrusion used in food processing.

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Food intolerance

Food intolerance is a detrimental reaction, often delayed, to a food, beverage, food additive, or compound found in foods that produces symptoms in one or more body organs and systems, but generally refers to reactions other than food allergy.

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Forage is a plant material (mainly plant leaves and stems) eaten by grazing livestock.

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No description.

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Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel

Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel (24 October 1811 in Neuenhaus – 23 January 1871 in Utrecht) was a Dutch botanist, whose main focus of study was on the flora of the Dutch East Indies.

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Friedrich J. Haberlandt

Friedrich J. Haberlandt (1826–1878) was a professor of agriculture at the Hochschule fuer Bodenkultur (Royal College of Agriculture) in Vienna, Austria-Hungary.

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Futures contract

In finance, a futures contract (more colloquially, futures) is a standardized forward contract, a legal agreement to buy or sell something at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future.

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Gaetano Savi

Gaetano Savi (13 June 1769 – 28 April 1844) was an Italian naturalist.

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Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.

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Gỏi cuốn

Gỏi cuốn, Vietnamese spring roll or summer roll, is a Vietnamese dish traditionally consisting of pork, prawn, vegetables, bún (rice vermicelli), and other ingredients wrapped in Vietnamese bánh tráng (commonly known as rice paper).

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas.

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Genetically modified crops

Genetically modified crops (GMCs, GM crops, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods.

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Genetically modified food

Genetically modified foods or GM foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, bioengineered foods, genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, are foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering.

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Genetically modified organism containment and escape

Since the advent of genetic engineering in the 1970s, concerns have been raised about the dangers of the technology.

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Genistein is an isoflavone that is described as an angiogenesis inhibitor and a phytoestrogen.

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Georgia (country)

Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.

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Germination is the process by which an organism grows from a seed or similar structure.

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The globulins are a family of globular proteins that have higher molecular weights than albumins and are insoluble in pure water but dissolve in dilute salt solutions.

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Glossary of archaeology

This page is a glossary of archaeology, the study of the human past from material remains.

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Glossary of leaf morphology

The following is a defined list of terms which are used to describe leaf morphology in the description and taxonomy of plants.

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Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.

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Glycine (symbol Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain.

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Glycine (plant)

Glycine is a genus in the bean family Fabaceae.

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Glycine soja

Glycine soja, or wild soybean (previously G. ussuriensis) is an annual plant in the legume family.

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Glycitein is an O-methylated isoflavone which accounts for 5-10% of the total isoflavones in soy food products.

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Glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide and crop desiccant.

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Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

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Ground beef

Ground beef, beef mince, minced beef, or minced meat (not to be confused with the mixture of chopped dried fruit, distilled spirits and spices referred to as "mincemeat") is a ground meat made of beef that has been finely chopped with a large knife or a meat grinder.

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Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten

Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten (6 November 1817, in Stralsund – 10 July 1908, in Zoppot) was a German botanist and geologist.

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Hammer mill

A hammer mill, hammer forge or hammer works was a workshop in the pre-industrial era that was typically used to manufacture semi-finished, wrought iron products or, sometimes, finished agricultural or mining tools, or military weapons.

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The hectare (SI symbol: ha) is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100 meter sides, or 10,000 m2, and is primarily used in the measurement of land.

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Helicoverpa zea

Helicoverpa zea, commonly known as the corn earworm, is a species (formerly in the genus Heliothis) in the family Noctuidae.

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A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is any of several heteropolymers (matrix polysaccharides), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.

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Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.

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Henry Ford

Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.

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Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control unwanted plants.

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Hexane is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.

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High-density lipoprotein

High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are one of the five major groups of lipoproteins.

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Hilum (biology)

In botany, a hilum (pronounced) is a scar or mark left on a seed coat by the former attachment to the ovary wall or to the funiculus (which in turn attaches to the ovary wall).

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Hitler Youth

The Hitler Youth (German:, often abbreviated as HJ in German) was the youth organisation of the Nazi Party in Germany.

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Hives, also known as urticaria, is a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps.

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Husk (or hull) in botany is the outer shell or coating of a seed.

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Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Hypocholesterolemia is the presence of abnormally low (hypo-) levels of cholesterol in the blood (-emia).

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The hypocotyl (short for "hypocotyledonous stem", meaning "below seed leaf") is the stem of a germinating seedling, found below the cotyledons (seed leaves) and above the radicle (root).

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Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

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Indeterminate growth

In biology and botany, indeterminate growth is growth that is not terminated in contrast to determinate growth that stops once a genetically pre-determined structure has completely formed.

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Indonesian language

Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.

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Infant formula

Infant formula, or baby formula, is a manufactured food designed and marketed for feeding to babies and infants under 12 months of age, usually prepared for bottle-feeding or cup-feeding from powder (mixed with water) or liquid (with or without additional water).

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Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

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Isoflavones are a type of naturally occurring isoflavonoids, many of which act as phytoestrogens in mammals.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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James Flint (merchant)

James Flint (Chinese name: 洪任輝, Hong Renhui, ?1720–?) was an 18th-century British merchant and diplomat employed by the East India Company and noted for his role in precipitating the Canton System of Chinese trade with the West.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese cuisine

Japanese cuisine encompasses the regional and traditional foods of Japan, which have developed through centuries of social and economic changes.

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Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.

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Journal of Nutrition

The Journal of Nutrition is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Society for Nutrition.

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Kansai Commodities Exchange

Osaka Dojima Commodity Exchange (ODE) is a futures exchange based in Osaka, Japan.

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Karl Maximovich

Carl Johann Maximovich (also Karl Ivanovich Maximovich, Russian: Карл Иванович Максимович; 23 November 1827 in Tula, Russia – 16 February 1891 in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian botanist.

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Kinako (黄粉 or きなこ), also known as roasted soybean flour, is a product commonly used in Japanese cuisine.

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, also sometimes read as Furukotofumi, is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Genmei with the purpose of sanctifying the imperial court's claims to supremacy over rival clans.

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Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.

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Korean cuisine

Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change.

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Lafayette Mendel

Lafayette Benedict Mendel (February 5, 1872 – December 9, 1935) was an American biochemist known for his work in nutrition, with longtime collaborator Thomas B. Osborne, including the study of Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine and tryptophan.

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Leaflet (botany)

A leaflet (occasionally called foliole) in botany is a leaf-like part of a compound leaf.

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Lecithin (from the Greek lekithos, "egg yolk") is a generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues, which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances (and so are both hydrophilic and lipophilic), and are used for smoothing food textures, dissolving powders (emulsifying), homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.

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A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).

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The lignans are a large group of polyphenols found in plants.

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Linoleic acid

Linoleic acid (LA), a carboxylic acid, is a polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid, an 18-carbon chain with two double bonds in cis configuration.

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In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.

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List of soy-based foods

This is a list of soy-based foods.

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Literature review

A literature review or narrative review is one of the two main types of review articles, the other being the systematic review.

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Low-density lipoprotein

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is one of the five major groups of lipoprotein which transport all fat molecules around the body in the extracellular water.

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Lupinus, commonly known as lupin or lupine (North America), is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae.

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Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.

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Malay Archipelago

The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.

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Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.

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Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.

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Margarine is an imitation butter spread used for flavoring, baking, and cooking.

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Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.

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A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.

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Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

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Mexican barbasco trade

The Mexican barbasco trade was the trade of the diosgenin-rich yam species Dioscorea mexicana, Dioscorea floribunda and Dioscorea composita which emerged in Mexico in the 1950s as part of the Mexican steroid industry.

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Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.

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Mineral (nutrient)

In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.

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A misnomer is a name or term that suggests an idea that is known to be wrong.

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is a traditional Japanese seasoning produced by fermenting soybeans with salt and koji (the fungus Aspergillus oryzae) and sometimes rice, barley, or other ingredients.

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Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.

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A monogastric organism has a simple single-chambered stomach, compared with a ruminant organism, like a cow, goat, or sheep, which has a four-chambered complex stomach.

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Monounsaturated fat

In biochemistry and nutrition, monounsaturated fatty acids (abbreviated MUFAs, or more plainly monounsaturated fats) are fatty acids that have one double bond in the fatty acid chain with all of the remainder carbon atoms being single-bonded.

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Monsanto Company was an agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation.

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Mumun pottery period

The Mumun pottery period is an archaeological era in Korean prehistory that dates to approximately 1500-300 BC This period is named after the Korean name for undecorated or plain cooking and storage vessels that form a large part of the pottery assemblage over the entire length of the period, but especially 850-550 BC.

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National Institutes of Health

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.

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is a traditional Japanese food made from soybeans fermented with Bacillus subtilis var. natto.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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Nature Publishing Group

Nature Publishing Group is a division of the international scientific publishing company Springer Nature that publishes academic journals, magazines, online databases, and services in science and medicine.

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Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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Nippo Jisho

The or Vocabvlario da Lingoa de Iapam (Vocabulário da Língua do Japão in modern Portuguese; "Vocabulary of the Language of Japan" in English) was a Japanese to Portuguese dictionary compiled by Jesuit missionaries and published in Nagasaki, Japan, in 1603.

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Nitrogen fixation

Nitrogen fixation is a process by which nitrogen in the Earth's atmosphere is converted into ammonia (NH3) or other molecules available to living organisms.

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No-till farming

No-till farming (also called zero tillage or direct drilling) is a way of growing crops or pasture from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage.

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Nut butter

A nut butter is a spreadable foodstuff made by grinding nuts into a paste.

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A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.

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Old Javanese

Old Javanese is the oldest phase of the Javanese language that was spoken in areas in what is now the eastern part of Central Java and the whole of East Java.

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An oligosaccharide (from the Greek ὀλίγος olígos, "a few", and σάκχαρ sácchar, "sugar") is a saccharide polymer containing a small number (typically three to ten) of monosaccharides (simple sugars).

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Omega-6 fatty acid

Omega-6 fatty acids (also referred to as ω-6 fatty acids or n-6 fatty acids) are a family of polyunsaturated fatty acids that have in common a final carbon-carbon double bond in the ''n''-6 position, that is, the sixth bond, counting from the methyl end.

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Organic infant formula

Organic infant formulas are synthetic substitutes to natural breast milk.

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In seed plants, the ovule is the structure that gives rise to and contains the female reproductive cells.

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Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass.

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The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.

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Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.

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Perennial plant

A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.

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Phở or pho is a Vietnamese soup consisting of broth, rice noodles called bánh phở, a few herbs, and meat, primarily made with either beef (phở bò) or chicken (phở gà).

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Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

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Photoperiodism is the physiological reaction of organisms to the length of day or night.

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Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).

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Phytic acid

Phytic acid (known as inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), inositol polyphosphate, or phytate when in salt form), discovered in 1903, a saturated cyclic acid, is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds.

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Phytoestrogens are plant-derived xenoestrogens (see estrogen) not generated within the endocrine system, but consumed by eating phytoestrogenic plants.

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Phytosterols, which encompass plant sterols and stanols, are phytosteroids, similar to cholesterol, which occur in plants and vary only in carbon side chains and/or presence or absence of a double bond.

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Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

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Plant lipid transfer proteins

Plant lipid transfer proteins, also known as plant LTPs or PLTPs, are a group of highly-conserved proteins of about 7-9kDa found in higher plant tissues.

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Plant morphology

Plant morphology or phytomorphology is the study of the physical form and external structure of plants.

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Plant stem

A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.

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Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.

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Polyphenols (also known as polyhydroxyphenols) are a structural class of mainly natural, but also synthetic or semisynthetic, organic chemicals characterized by the presence of large multiples of phenol structural units.

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Polyunsaturated fat

Polyunsaturated fats are fats in which the constituent hydrocarbon chain possesses two or more carbon–carbon double bonds.

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Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

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Prandial relates to a meal.

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Prolamins are a group of plant storage proteins having a high proline content and found on plant materials mainly like in the seeds of cereal grains: wheat (gliadin), barley (hordein), rye (secalin), corn (zein), sorghum (kafirin) and as a minor protein, avenin in oats.

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Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score

Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) is a method of evaluating the quality of a protein based on both the amino acid requirements of humans and their ability to digest it.

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Protein dispersibility index

The Protein Dispersibility Index (PDI) is a means of comparing the solubility of a protein in water, and is widely used in the soybean product industry.

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A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.

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In botany, the radicle is the first part of a seedling (a growing plant embryo) to emerge from the seed during the process of germination.

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Radiocarbon dating

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.

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Raffinose is a trisaccharide composed of galactose, glucose, and fructose.

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Reference Daily Intake

The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.

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In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.

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Respiratory tract infection

Respiratory tract infection (RTI) refers to any of a number of infectious diseases involving the respiratory tract.

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Rhizobia are bacteria that fix nitrogen (diazotrophs) after becoming established inside root nodules of legumes (Fabaceae).

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Robert Boyer (chemist)

Robert Allen Boyer (September 30, 1909 in Toledo, Ohio – November 11, 1989 in Dunedin, Florida) was a chemist employed by Henry Ford, he was extremely proficient at inventing ways to convert soybeans into paints and plastic parts used on Ford automobiles.Robert Allen Boyer, your average “B” chemistry student was given an extraordinary opportunity that changed his future and the future of automobile production in the U.S. (Plastic) Boyer, born on 30 September 1909 in Toledo, Ohio was given this chance when Ford hired his father to run the nation's oldest hotel, the Wayside Inn, in South Sudbury, Massachusetts.

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Root nodule

Root nodules occur on the roots of plants (primarily Fabaceae) that associate with symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

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The rosids are members of a large clade (monophyletic group) of flowering plants, containing about 70,000 species, more than a quarter of all angiosperms.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

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Samuel Bowen

Samuel Bowen (died 30 December 1777) was an English entrepreneur and farmer who established an estate in Savannah, Georgia, where he cultivated the first soya beans.

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Saponins are a class of chemical compounds found in particular abundance in various plant species.

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Saturated fat

A saturated fat is a type of fat in which the fatty acid chains have all or predominantly single bonds.

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Savannah, Georgia

Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.

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Secoisolariciresinol is a lignan, a type of phenylpropanoid.

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A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

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Selective estrogen receptor modulator

Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are a class of drugs that act on the estrogen receptor (ER).

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Serat Centhini

Serat Centhini is a twelve volume compilation of Javanese tales and teachings, written in verse and published in 1814.

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Serpins are a superfamily of proteins with similar structures that were first identified for their protease inhibition activity and are found in all kingdoms of life.

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Sewage sludge

Sewage sludge refers to the residual, semi-solid material that is produced as a by-product during sewage treatment of industrial or municipal wastewater.

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Shennong (which can be variously translated as "God Farmer" or "God Peasant", "Agriculture God"), also known as the Wugushen (五穀神 "Five Grains' or Five Cereals' God") or also Wuguxiandi (五穀先帝 "First Deity of the Five Grains"), is a deity in Chinese religion, a mythical sage ruler of prehistoric China.

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Skidaway Island, Georgia

Skidaway Island is an exclusive census-designated place (CDP) in Chatham County, Georgia, United States.

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Solae (company)

Solae LLC (which traded as The Solae Company) was an international soy ingredients supplier based in St. Louis, Missouri.

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A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

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South African Futures Exchange

The South African Futures Exchange (Safex) is the futures exchange subsidiary of JSE Limited, the Johannesburg-based exchange.

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Soy milk

Soy milk or soymilk is a plant-based drink produced by soaking and grinding soybeans, boiling the mixture, and filtering out remaining particulates.

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Soy molasses

Soy molasses is brown viscous syrup with a typical bittersweet flavor.

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Soy paint

Soy paint is paint made primarily from soy, it combines the advantage of being a renewable resource with the potential of non-toxic product.

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Soy protein

Soy protein is a protein that is isolated from soybean.

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Soy sauce

Soy sauce (also called soya sauce in British English) is a liquid condiment of Chinese origin, made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds.

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Soy yogurt

Soy yogurt, also referred to as Soya yogurt, Soygurt or Yofu (a portmanteau of '''yo'''gurt and to'''fu'''), is yogurt prepared with soy milk.

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Soybean agglutinin

Soybean agglutinins (SBA) also known as soy bean lectins (SBL) are lectins found in soybeans.

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Soybean in Paraguay

In recent years, the soybean industry has grown exponentially in South America, primarily in Brazil and Argentina (South America’s two largest countries) and Uruguay and Paraguay.

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Soybean management practices

Soybean management practices in farming are the decisions a producer must make in order to raise a soybean crop.

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Soybean oil

Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of the soybean (Glycine max).

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Soybean sprout

Soybean sprout is a culinary vegetable grown by sprouting soybeans.

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Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").

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The spermatophytes, also known as phanerogams or phenogamae, comprise those plants that produce seeds, hence the alternative name seed plants.

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Sphingolipids are a class of lipids containing a backbone of sphingoid bases, a set of aliphatic amino alcohols that includes sphingosine.

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Sri Tanjung

Sri Tanjung also known as the tale of Banyuwangi (Javanese for "fragrance water") is Javanese folklore which tells a story about a faithful wife that was wrongfully accused.

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Stachyose is a tetrasaccharide consisting of two α--galactose units, one α--glucose unit, and one β--fructose unit sequentially linked as gal(α1→6)gal(α1→6)glc(α1↔2β)fru.

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Staling, or "going stale", is a chemical and physical process in bread and other foods that reduces their palatability.

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Steroid hormone

A steroid hormone is a steroid that acts as a hormone.

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Stigmasterol (also known as Wulzen anti-stiffness factor) is a plant sterol, or phytosterol.

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Sucrose is common table sugar.

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Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.

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A svedberg unit (symbol S, sometimes Sv) is a non-metric unit for sedimentation rate.

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Sweet bean paste

Sweet bean paste is a food ingredient used in several East Asian cuisines.

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Symbiosis (from Greek συμβίωσις "living together", from σύν "together" and βίωσις "living") is any type of a close and long-term biological interaction between two different biological organisms, be it mutualistic, commensalistic, or parasitic.

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A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.

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Tương is the name applied to a variety of condiments a kind of fermented bean paste made from soybean and commonly used in Vietnamese cuisine.

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Tempeh (témpé) is a traditional soy product originating from Indonesia.

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Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.

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Textured vegetable protein

Textured or texturized vegetable protein (TVP), also known as textured soy protein (TSP), soy meat, or soya chunks is a defatted soy flour product, a by-product of extracting soybean oil.

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Thomas Burr Osborne (chemist)

Thomas Burr Osborne (August 5, 1859 – January 29, 1929) was a biochemist and early discoverer of Vitamin A. He is known for his work isolating and characterizing seed proteins, and for determining protein nutritional requirements.

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A toddler is a child 12 to 36 months old.

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Tofu, also known as bean curd, is a food cultivated by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks.

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Tofu skin

Tofu skin, yuba, bean curd skin, bean curd sheet, or bean curd robes, is a food product made from soybeans.

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The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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Trehalose is a sugar consisting of two molecules of glucose.

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Trypsin inhibitor

A trypsin inhibitor is a type of serine protease inhibitor that reduces the biological activity of trypsin.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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TV dinner

A TV dinner (also called prepackaged meal, ready-made meal, ready meal, frozen dinner, frozen meal and microwave meal) is a pre-packaged frozen or chilled meal that usually comes as an individual portion.

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United States Department of Agriculture

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.

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Variety (botany)

In botanical nomenclature, variety (abbreviated var.; in varietas) is a taxonomic rank below that of species and subspecies but above that of form.

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Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals.

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Vegetable oil

Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.

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Veggie burger

A veggie burger does not contain meat.

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Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a group of structurally similar, fat-soluble vitamins that the human body requires for complete synthesis of certain proteins that are prerequisites for blood coagulation (K from Koagulation, Danish for "coagulation") and which the body also needs for controlling binding of calcium in bones and other tissues.

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Vodka (wódka, водка) is a distilled beverage composed primarily of water and ethanol, but sometimes with traces of impurities and flavorings.

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are traditional Japanese confections that are often served with tea, especially the types made of mochi, anko (azuki bean paste), and fruits.

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Weston A. Price Foundation

The Weston A. Price Foundation (WAPF), co-founded in 1999 by Sally Fallon (Morell) and nutritionist Mary G. Enig, is a U.S. 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to "restoring nutrient-dense foods to the American diet through education, research and activism." The foundation has been criticized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for its advocacy of drinking raw milk and by various nutritionists, including Joel Fuhrman, for its advocacy of the health benefits of animal-based fats.

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Wheat flour

Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption.

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Whole food

Whole foods are plant foods that are unprocessed and unrefined, or processed and refined as little as possible, before being consumed.

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World Food Prize

The World Food Prize is an international award recognizing the achievements of individuals who have advanced human development by improving the quality, quantity, or availability of food in the world.

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World Wide Fund for Nature

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.

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Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.

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Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.

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1873 Vienna World's Fair

Weltausstellung 1873 Wien (World Exposition 1873 Vienna) was the large world exposition that was held in 1873 in the Austria-Hungarian capital of Vienna.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soybean

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