48 relations: Aircraft pilot, Ansari X Prize, Apsis, Astronaut, Astronaut badge, Burt Rutan, Buzz Aldrin, Commanding officer, Coordinated Universal Time, East, Edwards Air Force Base, Federal Aviation Administration, Flight dynamics, Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft), G-force, Human spaceflight, International System of Units, M&M's, Mach number, Metre per second, Mike Melvill, Mojave Air and Space Port, Moon, NASA, Outer space, Pacific Time Zone, Paul Allen, Rocket, Scaled Composites, Scaled Composites Tier One, Scaled Composites White Knight, Sean O'Keefe, Shenzhou 5, South, Space Shuttle Columbia, Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, Spaceflight, SpaceShipOne, SpaceShipOne flight 16P, SpaceShipTwo, STS-107, Sub-orbital spaceflight, Sun, Timeline of private spaceflight, United States customary units, Virgin Galactic, Weightlessness, X Prize Foundation.
An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.
The Ansari X Prize was a space competition in which the X Prize Foundation offered a US$10,000,000 prize for the first non-government organization to launch a reusable manned spacecraft into space twice within two weeks.
An apsis (ἁψίς; plural apsides, Greek: ἁψῖδες) is an extreme point in the orbit of an object.
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft.
The astronaut badge is a badge of the United States, awarded to military pilots, naval flight officers, navigators/combat systems officers (this badge can also be awarded to USAF officer astronauts who are not navigators/CSOs, but who wear the same insignia while designated as astronaut-qualified Air Force "observers"), flight surgeons, and civilian pilots who have completed training and performed a successful spaceflight.
Elbert Leander "Burt" Rutan (born June 17, 1943) is a retired American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft.
Buzz Aldrin (born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr.; January 20, 1930) is an American engineer, former astronaut, and Command Pilot in the United States Air Force.
The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.
East is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass.
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
Flight dynamics is the study of the performance, stability, and control of vehicles flying through the air or in outer space.
Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
Human spaceflight (also referred to as crewed spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew or passengers aboard the spacecraft.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
M&M's are "colorful button-shaped chocolates", each of which has the letter "m" printed in lower case on one side, surrounding a filling which varies depending upon the variety of M&M's.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
Metre per second (American English: meter per second) is an SI derived unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector quantity which specifies both magnitude and a specific direction), defined by distance in metres divided by time in seconds.
Michael Winston "Mike" Melvill (born November 30, 1940 Johannesburg) is a world-record-breaking pilot and one of the test pilots for SpaceShipOne, the experimental spaceplane developed by Scaled Composites.
The Mojave Air and Space Port, also known as the Civilian Aerospace Test Center, is located in Mojave, California, at an elevation of.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
The Pacific Time Zone (PT) is a time zone encompassing parts of western Canada, the western United States, and western Mexico.
Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953) is an American business magnate, investor and philanthropist.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
Scaled Composites (often called simply Scaled) is an American aerospace company founded by Burt Rutan and currently owned by Northrop Grumman that is located at the Mojave Air and Space Port, Mojave, California, United States.
Tier One was a Scaled Composites' 1990s–2004 program of suborbital human spaceflight using the reusable spacecraft SpaceShipOne and its launcher White Knight.
The Scaled Composites Model 318 White Knight (now also called White Knight One) is a jet-powered carrier aircraft used to launch the Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne experimental spacecraft.
Sean Charles O'Keefe (born January 27, 1956) is the university professor at Syracuse University Maxwell School, former chairman of Airbus Group, Inc.,, politico.com, October 22, 2009; accessed September 18, 2014.
Shenzhou 5 — was the first human spaceflight mission of the Chinese space program, launched on 15 October 2003.
South is one of the four cardinal directions or compass points.
Space Shuttle Columbia (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA's Space Shuttle fleet.
On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle ''Columbia'' disintegrated upon reentering Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven crew members.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched rocket-powered aircraft with sub-orbital spaceflight capability at speeds of up to 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s), using a hybrid rocket motor.
Flight 16P of SpaceShipOne was a spaceflight in the Tier One program that took place on September 29, 2004.
The Scaled Composites Model 339 SpaceShipTwo (SS2) is an air-launched suborbital spaceplane type designed for space tourism.
STS-107 was the 113th flight of the Space Shuttle program, and the final flight of Space Shuttle ''Columbia''.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
The following is a timeline of important events in the history of private spaceflight, including important technical as well as legislative and political advances.
United States customary units are a system of measurements commonly used in the United States.
Virgin Galactic is a spaceflight company within the Virgin Group.
Weightlessness, or an absence of weight, is an absence of stress and strain resulting from externally applied mechanical contact-forces, typically normal forces (from floors, seats, beds, scales, etc.). Counterintuitively, a uniform gravitational field does not by itself cause stress or strain, and a body in free fall in such an environment experiences no g-force acceleration and feels weightless.
XPRIZE is a nonprofit organization that designs and manages public competitions intended to encourage technological development that could benefit humanity.