119 relations: ABC News, Aerojet, Aerojet Rocketdyne, Aerospike engine, AJ10, Alloy, Apollo program, Ares I, Ares V, Axial-flow pump, Ball and socket joint, Bearing (mechanical), Boeing, Boiling point, Brazing, Cavitation, Centrifugal pump, Charles Scribner's Sons, CMOS, Constellation program, Coolant, Copper, Cryogenic fuel, Cryogenic rocket engine, DARPA, De Laval nozzle, Electric arc, Expanding nozzle, Exploration Mission 1, Exploration Mission 2, Flange, Flight qualify, G-force, Gimbal, Heat exchanger, HG-3 (rocket engine), Honeywell Aerospace, Inconel, International Space Station, Iron, John C. Stennis Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, Liquid hydrogen, Liquid oxygen, Liquid-propellant rocket, M-1 (rocket engine), Marshall Space Flight Center, Max Q, Millisecond, Motorola 68000, ..., MPTA-098, NASA, Orbiter Processing Facility, Oxidizing agent, Plated wire memory, Pogo oscillation, Pound (force), Pounds per square inch, Pratt & Whitney, Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, Pratt & Whitney XLR-129, Project Isinglass, Random-access memory, Redline, Redundancy (engineering), Regenerative cooling (rocket), Request for proposal, Revolutions per minute, Rocket engine nozzle, Rocket propellant, Rocketdyne, Rocketdyne F-1, Rocketdyne J-2, RS-68, S-II, S-IVB, Saturn V, Shock diamond, Shuttle-C, Silver, Space Launch System, Space Shuttle, Space Shuttle abort modes, Space Shuttle external tank, Space Shuttle Orbital Maneuvering System, Space Shuttle orbiter, Space Shuttle retirement, Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster, Specific impulse, Staged combustion cycle, State of the art, STS-1, STS-104, STS-135, STS-26, STS-41-D, STS-5, STS-51, STS-51-F, STS-51-L, STS-55, STS-6, STS-68, STS-70, STS-73, STS-89, STS-93, STS-96, Thrust, Titanium, TRW Inc., Turbine, Turbopump, United States, United States Air Force, Vehicle Assembly Building, Wayne Hale, Welding, Zirconium. Expand index (69 more) » « Shrink index
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Aerojet was an American rocket and missile propulsion manufacturer based primarily in Rancho Cordova, California, with divisions in Redmond, Washington, Orange and Gainesville in Virginia, and Camden, Arkansas.
Aerojet Rocketdyne is an American rocket and missile propulsion manufacturer.
The aerospike engine is a type of rocket engine that maintains its aerodynamic efficiency across a wide range of altitudes.
The AJ10 is a hypergolic rocket engine manufactured by Aerojet Rocketdyne (previously Aerojet).
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
Ares I was the crew launch vehicle that was being developed by NASA as part of the Constellation program.
The Ares V (formerly known as the Cargo Launch Vehicle or CaLV) was the planned cargo launch component of the cancelled NASA Constellation program, which was to have replaced the Space Shuttle after its retirement in 2011.
An axial-flow pump, or AFP, is a common type of pump that essentially consists of a propeller (an axial impeller) in a pipe.
The ball and socket joint (or spheroid joint) is a type of synovial joint in which the ball-shaped surface of one rounded bone fits into the cup-like depression of another bone.
A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion to only the desired motion, and reduces friction between moving parts.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.
Brazing is a metal-joining process in which two or more metal items are joined together by melting and flowing a filler metal into the joint, the filler metal having a lower melting point than the adjoining metal.
Cavitation is the formation of vapour cavities in a liquid, small liquid-free zones ("bubbles" or "voids"), that are the consequence of forces acting upon the liquid.
Centrifugal pumps are a sub-class of dynamic axisymmetric work-absorbing turbomachinery.
Charles Scribner's Sons, or simply Scribner's or Scribner, is an American publisher based in New York City, known for publishing American authors including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Kurt Vonnegut, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Stephen King, Robert A. Heinlein, Thomas Wolfe, George Santayana, John Clellon Holmes, Don DeLillo, and Edith Wharton.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
The Constellation Program (abbreviated CxP) is a cancelled manned spaceflight program developed by NASA, the space agency of the United States, from 2005 to 2009.
A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Cryogenic fuels are fuels that require storage at extremely low temperatures in order to maintain them in a liquid state.
A cryogenic rocket engine is a rocket engine that uses a cryogenic fuel or oxidizer, that is, its fuel or oxidizer (or both) are gases liquefied and stored at very low temperatures.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military.
A de Laval nozzle (or convergent-divergent nozzle, CD nozzle or con-di nozzle) is a tube that is pinched in the middle, making a carefully balanced, asymmetric hourglass shape.
An electric arc, or arc discharge, is an electrical breakdown of a gas that produces an ongoing electrical discharge.
The expanding nozzle is a type of rocket nozzle that, unlike traditional designs, maintains its efficiency at a wide range of altitudes.
Exploration Mission 1 or EM-1 (previously known as Space Launch System 1 or SLS-1) is the uncrewed first planned flight of the Space Launch System and the second flight of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle.
The Exploration Mission 2, or EM-2, is a scheduled 2023 mission of the Space Launch System and possibly the first crewed mission of NASA's Orion spacecraft.
A flange is an external or internal ridge, or rim (lip), for strength, as the flange of an iron beam such as an I-beam or a T-beam; or for attachment to another object, as the flange on the end of a pipe, steam cylinder, etc., or on the lens mount of a camera; or for a flange of a rail car or tram wheel.
To flight qualify is to take a product, process, or material and test it in order to prove that it will withstand the environment of aerodynamic or space flight.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
A gimbal is a pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object about a single axis.
A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between two or more fluids.
The HG-3 was a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine which was designed for use on the upper stages of Saturn rockets in the post-Apollo era.
Honeywell Aerospace is a manufacturer of aircraft engines and avionics, as well as a producer of auxiliary power units (APUs) and other aviation products.
Inconel is a family of austenitic nickel-chromium-based superalloys.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
The John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) is a NASA rocket testing facility.
The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers.
Liquid hydrogen (LH2 or LH2) is the liquid state of the element hydrogen.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants.
Aerojet's M-1 was the largest and most powerful liquid-hydrogen-fueled liquid-fuel rocket engine to be designed and component-tested.
The George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is the U.S. government's civilian rocketry and spacecraft propulsion research center.
In aerospace engineering, the maximum dynamic pressure, often referred to as maximum Q or max Q, is the point at which aerodynamic stress on a vehicle in atmospheric flight is maximized.
A millisecond (from milli- and second; symbol: ms) is a thousandth (0.001 or 10−3 or 1/1000) of a second.
The Motorola 68000 ("'sixty-eight-thousand'"; also called the m68k or Motorola 68k, "sixty-eight-kay") is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, which implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and 32-bit internal data bus, but with a 16-bit data ALU and two 16-bit arithmetic ALUs and a 16-bit external data bus, designed and marketed by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector.
The Main Propulsion Test Article (MPTA-098) was built by Rockwell International as a testbed for the definitive propulsion and fuel delivery systems for the U.S. Space Shuttle Program.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
An Orbiter Processing Facility (OPF) was one of three hangars where U.S. space shuttle orbiters underwent maintenance between flights.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Plated wire memory is a variation of core memory developed by Bell Laboratories in 1957.
Pogo oscillation is a self-excited vibration in liquid-propellant rocket engines caused by combustion instability.
The pound-force (symbol: lbf, sometimes lbf) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement including English Engineering units and the British Gravitational System.
The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units.
Pratt & Whitney is an American aerospace manufacturer with global service operations.
Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) was a United States company that designed and produced rocket engines that use liquid propellants.
The XLR-129 was an American rocket engine design that would have used liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants.
Project Isinglass was the code name given to two heavily classified, manned reconnaissance aircraft studied by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) as potential replacements for the Lockheed A-12 and SR-71 during the mid 1960s.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Redline refers to the maximum engine speed at which an internal combustion engine or traction motor and its components are designed to operate without causing damage to the components themselves or other parts of the engine.
In engineering, redundancy is the duplication of critical components or functions of a system with the intention of increasing reliability of the system, usually in the form of a backup or fail-safe, or to improve actual system performance, such as in the case of GNSS receivers, or multi-threaded computer processing.
Regenerative cooling, in the context of rocket engine design, is a configuration in which some or all of the propellant is passed through tubes, channels, or in a jacket around the combustion chamber or nozzle to cool the engine.
A request for proposal (RFP) is a document that solicits proposal, often made through a bidding process, by an agency or company interested in procurement of a commodity, service, or valuable asset, to potential suppliers to submit business proposals.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
A rocket engine nozzle is a propelling nozzle (usually of the de Laval type) used in a rocket engine to expand and accelerate the combustion gases produced by burning propellants so that the exhaust gases exit the nozzle at hypersonic velocities.
Rocket propellant is a material used either directly by a rocket as the reaction mass (propulsive mass) that is ejected, typically with very high speed, from a rocket engine to produce thrust, and thus provide spacecraft propulsion, or indirectly to produce the reaction mass in a chemical reaction.
Rocketdyne was an American rocket engine design and production company headquartered in Canoga Park, in the western San Fernando Valley of suburban Los Angeles, in southern California.
The F-1 is a gas-generator cycle rocket engine developed in the United States by Rocketdyne in the late 1950s and used in the Saturn V rocket in the 1960s and early 1970s.
The J-2 was a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine used on NASA's Saturn IB and Saturn V launch vehicles.
The Aerojet Rocketdyne (formerly Rocketdyne and later Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne) RS-68 (Rocket System 68) is a liquid-fuel rocket engine that uses liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid oxygen (LOX) as propellants in a gas-generator power cycle.
The S-II (pronounced "S-two") was the second stage of the Saturn V rocket.
The S-IVB (sometimes S-4B, always pronounced "ess four bee") was built by the Douglas Aircraft Company and served as the third stage on the Saturn V and second stage on the Saturn IB.
The Saturn V (pronounced "Saturn five") was an American human-rated expendable rocket used by NASA between 1967 and 1973.
Shock diamonds (also known as Mach diamonds, Mach disks, Mach rings, donut tails or thrust diamonds) are a formation of standing wave patterns that appear in the supersonic exhaust plume of an aerospace propulsion system, such as a supersonic jet engine, rocket, ramjet, or scramjet, when it is operated in an atmosphere.
The Shuttle-C was a NASA proposal to turn the Space Shuttle launch stack into a dedicated unmanned cargo launcher.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
The Space Launch System (SLS) is an American Space Shuttle-derived heavy-lift expendable launch vehicle.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Space Shuttle abort modes were procedures by which the nominal launch of the NASA Space Shuttle could be terminated.
A Space Shuttle external tank (ET) was the component of the Space Shuttle launch vehicle that contained the liquid hydrogen fuel and liquid oxygen oxidizer.
The Space Shuttle Orbital Maneuvering System (OMS), is a system of hypergolic liquid-propellant rocket engines used on the Space Shuttle.
The Space Shuttle orbiter was the spaceplane component of the Space Shuttle, a partially reusable orbital spacecraft system that was part of the Space Shuttle program.
The retirement of NASA's Space Shuttle fleet took place from March to July 2011.
The Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs) were the first solid fuel motors to be used for primary propulsion on a vehicle used for human spaceflight and provided the majority of the Space Shuttle's thrust during the first two minutes of flight.
Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.
The staged combustion cycle (sometimes known as topping cycle or preburner cycle) is a power cycle of a bipropellant rocket engine.
State of the art (sometimes cutting edge) refers to the highest level of general development, as of a device, technique, or scientific field achieved at a particular time.
STS-1 (Space Transportation System-1) was the first orbital spaceflight of NASA's Space Shuttle program.
STS-104 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle ''Atlantis''.
STS-135 (ISS assembly flight ULF7) was the 135th and final mission of the American Space Shuttle program.
STS-26 was the 26th NASA Space Shuttle mission and the seventh flight of the orbiter ''Discovery''.
STS-41-D was the 12th flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program, and the first mission of Space Shuttle ''Discovery''.
STS-5 was the fifth NASA Space Shuttle mission and the fifth flight of the Space Shuttle ''Columbia''.
STS-51 was a Space Shuttle ''Discovery'' mission that launched the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) in September 1993.
STS-51-F (also known as Spacelab 2) was the nineteenth flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program and the eighth flight of Space Shuttle ''Challenger''.
STS-51-L was the 25th mission of the United States Space Shuttle program, and disastrous final mission of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger''.
STS-55 (Space Transportation System 55), or D-2 was the 55th overall flight of the US Space Shuttle and the 14th flight of Shuttle Columbia.
STS-6 was the sixth NASA Space Shuttle mission and the maiden flight of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger''.
STS-68 was a human spaceflight mission using that launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on 30 September 1994.
STS-70 was the 21st flight of the Space Shuttle ''Discovery'', and the last of 7 shuttle missions to carry a Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS).
STS-73 was a Space Shuttle program mission, during October–November 1995, on board the space shuttle Columbia.
STS-89 was a space shuttle mission to the Mir space station flown by Space Shuttle '' Endeavour'', and launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on 22 January 1998.
STS-93 marked the 95th launch of the Space Shuttle, the 26th launch of ''Columbia'', and the 21st night launch of a Space Shuttle.
STS-96 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle '' Discovery'', and the first shuttle flight to dock with the International Space Station.
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
TRW Inc. was an American corporation involved in a variety of businesses, mainly aerospace, automotive, and credit reporting.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
A turbopump is a propellant pump with two main components: a rotodynamic pump and a driving gas turbine, usually both mounted on the same shaft, or sometimes geared together.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The Vehicle (originally Vertical) Assembly Building, or VAB, at NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is a building designed to assemble large space vehicles, such as the massive Saturn V and the Space Shuttle.
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
Zirconium is a chemical element with symbol Zr and atomic number 40.
RS-25, RS-55, RS-55 (rocket engine), RS25, Rocketdyne RS-25, SSME, SSME (rocket engine), SSME Energy and Power Relationships, Space Shuttle Main Engine, Space Shuttle Main Engines, Space Shuttle main engines, Space shuttle main engine, Space shuttle main engines.