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Space Telescope Science Institute

Index Space Telescope Science Institute

The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) is the science operations center for the Hubble Space Telescope (HST; in orbit since 1990) and for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST; scheduled to be launched in March 2021). [1]

69 relations: Advanced Camera for Surveys, American Astronomical Society, Ames Research Center, Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Astrometry, Baltimore, Chandra X-ray Observatory, Charge-coupled device, Comet, Cosmic Origins Spectrograph, European Space Agency, Exoplanet, Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer, Faint Object Camera, Faint Object Spectrograph, Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer, Fine guidance sensor, FITS, Galaxy, GALEX, Gigabyte, Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph, Goddard Space Flight Center, Grism, Gyroscope, Herschel Space Observatory, High Speed Photometer, Homewood Campus of Johns Hopkins University, Hubble Deep Field, Hubble Deep Field South, Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble Ultra-Deep Field, IMAX, Infrared, International Ultraviolet Explorer, James Webb Space Telescope, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Kepler (spacecraft), Lagrangian point, Maryland, Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes, Min-conflicts algorithm, NASA, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer, NIRCam, NIRSpec, Northrop Grumman, Photometry (astronomy), ..., Physical cosmology, Point spread function, Solar System, Source lines of code, Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, Spectroscopy, Spherical aberration, Spitzer Space Telescope, Star formation, Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, STS-125, Supernova, Terabyte, Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System, Ultraviolet, Wavefront sensor, Wide Field and Planetary Camera, Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2, Wide Field Camera 3. Expand index (19 more) »

Advanced Camera for Surveys

The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) is a third-generation axial instrument aboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).

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American Astronomical Society

The American Astronomical Society (AAS, sometimes spoken as "double-A-S") is an American society of professional astronomers and other interested individuals, headquartered in Washington, DC.

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Ames Research Center

Ames Research Center (ARC), also known as NASA Ames, is a major NASA research center at Moffett Federal Airfield in California's Silicon Valley.

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Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy

The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) is a consortium of universities and other institutions that operates astronomical observatories and telescopes.

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Astrometry

Astrometry is the branch of astronomy that involves precise measurements of the positions and movements of stars and other celestial bodies.

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Baltimore

Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.

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Chandra X-ray Observatory

The Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO), previously known as the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), is a Flagship-class space observatory launched on STS-93 by NASA on July 23, 1999.

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Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

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Comet

A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.

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Cosmic Origins Spectrograph

The Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) is a science instrument that was installed on the Hubble Space Telescope during Servicing Mission 4 (STS-125) in May 2009.

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European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.

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Exoplanet

An exoplanet or extrasolar planet is a planet outside our solar system.

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Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer

The Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE) was a space telescope for ultraviolet astronomy, launched on June 7, 1992.

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Faint Object Camera

The Faint Object Camera (FOC) was a camera installed on the Hubble Space Telescope from launch in 1990 until 2002.

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Faint Object Spectrograph

The Faint Object Spectrograph (FOS) was a spectrograph installed on the Hubble Space Telescope.

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Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer

The Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) is a space-based telescope operated by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.

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Fine guidance sensor

A fine guidance sensor (FGS) is an instrument on board a space telescope that provides high-precision pointing information as input to the observatory's attitude control systems.

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FITS

Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) is an open standard defining a digital file format useful for storage, transmission and processing of data: formatted as N-dimensional arrays (for example a 2D image), or tables.

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Galaxy

A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter.

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GALEX

The Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) is an orbiting ultraviolet space telescope launched on April 28, 2003, and operated until early 2012.

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Gigabyte

The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph

The Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph (GHRS or HRS) was an ultraviolet spectrograph installed on the Hubble Space Telescope during its original construction, and it was launched into space as part of that space telescope aboard the Space Shuttle on April 24, 1990 (STS-31).

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Goddard Space Flight Center

The Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is a major NASA space research laboratory located approximately northeast of Washington, D.C. in Greenbelt, Maryland, United States.

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Grism

A grism (also called a grating prism) is a combination of a prism and grating arranged so that light at a chosen central wavelength passes straight through.

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Gyroscope

A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.

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Herschel Space Observatory

The Herschel Space Observatory was a space observatory built and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA).

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High Speed Photometer

The High Speed Photometer (HSP) is a scientific instrument installed on the Hubble Space Telescope.

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Homewood Campus of Johns Hopkins University

The Homewood campus is the main academic and administrative center of the Johns Hopkins University.

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Hubble Deep Field

The Hubble Deep Field (HDF) is an image of a small region in the constellation Ursa Major, constructed from a series of observations by the Hubble Space Telescope.

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Hubble Deep Field South

The Hubble Deep Field South is a composite of several hundred individual images taken using the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 over 10 days in September and October 1998.

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Hubble Space Telescope

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.

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Hubble Ultra-Deep Field

The Hubble Ultra-Deep Field (HUDF) is an image of a small region of space in the constellation Fornax, containing an estimated 10,000 galaxies.

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IMAX

IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.

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Infrared

Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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International Ultraviolet Explorer

The International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) was an astronomical observatory satellite primarily designed to take ultraviolet spectra.

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James Webb Space Telescope

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a space telescope developed in collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency, and the Canadian Space Agency that will be the scientific successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.

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Jet Propulsion Laboratory

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.

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Johns Hopkins University

Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.

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Kepler (spacecraft)

Kepler is a space observatory launched by NASA to discover Earth-size planets orbiting other stars.

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Lagrangian point

In celestial mechanics, the Lagrangian points (also Lagrange points, L-points, or libration points) are positions in an orbital configuration of two large bodies, wherein a small object, affected only by the gravitational forces from the two larger objects, will maintain its position relative to them.

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Maryland

Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.

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Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes

The Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) is an astronomical data archive.

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Min-conflicts algorithm

In computer science, the min conflicts algorithm is a search algorithm or heuristic method to solve constraint satisfaction problems (CSP).

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NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Optical Astronomy Observatory

The National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) is the United States national observatory for ground-based nighttime ultraviolet-optical-infrared (OUVIR) astronomy.

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Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer

The Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) is a scientific instrument for infrared astronomy, installed on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), operating from 1997 to 1999, and from 2002 to 2008.

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NIRCam

NIRCam is an instrument aboard the to-be-launched James Webb Space Telescope.

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NIRSpec

The NIRSpec (Near-Infrared Spectrograph) is one of the four scientific instruments which will be flown on the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).

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Northrop Grumman

Northrop Grumman Corporation is an American global aerospace and defense technology company formed by Northrop's 1994 purchase of Grumman.

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Photometry (astronomy)

Photometry is a technique of astronomy concerned with measuring the flux, or intensity of an astronomical object's electromagnetic radiation.

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Physical cosmology

Physical cosmology is the study of the largest-scale structures and dynamics of the Universe and is concerned with fundamental questions about its origin, structure, evolution, and ultimate fate.

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Point spread function

The point spread function (PSF) describes the response of an imaging system to a point source or point object.

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Solar System

The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.

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Source lines of code

Source lines of code (SLOC), also known as lines of code (LOC), is a software metric used to measure the size of a computer program by counting the number of lines in the text of the program's source code.

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Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph

The Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) is a spectrograph, also with a camera mode, installed on the Hubble Space Telescope.

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Spectroscopy

Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

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Spherical aberration

Spherical aberration is an optical effect observed in an optical device (lens, mirror, etc.) that occurs due to the increased refraction of light rays when they strike a lens or a reflection of light rays when they strike a mirror near its edge, in comparison with those that strike close to the centre.

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Spitzer Space Telescope

The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and still operating as of 2018.

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Star formation

Star formation is the process by which dense regions within molecular clouds in interstellar space, sometimes referred to as "stellar nurseries" or "star-forming regions", collapse and form stars.

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Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is an 80/20 joint project of NASA and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) to construct and maintain an airborne observatory.

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STS-125

STS-125, or HST-SM4 (Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 4), was the fifth and final space shuttle mission to the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).

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Supernova

A supernova (plural: supernovae or supernovas, abbreviations: SN and SNe) is a transient astronomical event that occurs during the last stellar evolutionary stages of a star's life, either a massive star or a white dwarf, whose destruction is marked by one final, titanic explosion.

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Terabyte

The terabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System

The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) is a network of American communications satellites (each called a Tracking and data relay satellite (TDRS)) and ground stations used by NASA for space communications.

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Ultraviolet

Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Wavefront sensor

A wavefront sensor is a device for measuring the aberrations of an optical wavefront.

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Wide Field and Planetary Camera

The Wide Field/Planetary Camera (WFPC) (pronounced as wiffpick (Operators of the WFPC1 were known as “whiff-pickers”)) was a camera installed on the Hubble Space Telescope until December 1993.

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Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2

The Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) is a camera formerly installed on the Hubble Space Telescope.

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Wide Field Camera 3

The Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) is the Hubble Space Telescope's last and most technologically advanced instrument to take images in the visible spectrum.

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Redirects here:

Hubble Fellow, Hubble Fellowship, Hubble Fellowship Program, Hubble Fellowships, Hubble Postdoctoral Fellowship, Hubble Space Science Institute, Hubble Space Telescope Science Institute, Hubble fellowship, Hubble postdoctoral fellow, Hubble postdoctoral fellowship, HubbleSite, Hubblesite.org, STSCI, STScI, STSci, Space telescope science institute, Spitzer Fellowship, Stsci, Stsi.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Telescope_Science_Institute

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