Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Spaceplane

A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space. [1]

197 relations: Active cooling, Aerial refueling, Aerobraking, Aerospace, Aerospaceplane, Air brake (aeronautics), Airbreathing jet engine, Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane, Aircraft, Airfoil, Amphibious aircraft, Analog Science Fiction and Fact, Ansari X Prize, Ariane (rocket family), ASSET (spacecraft), Atlas V, Atmosphere, Atmosphere of Earth, Atmospheric entry, Avatar (spacecraft), Aviation Week & Space Technology, BAC Mustard, Black Horse (rocket), Blackstar (spacecraft), Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar, Boeing X-37, Boeing X-40, Boeing X-51 Waverider, Bomber, BOR-4, BOR-5, Bristol Spaceplanes, Buran (spacecraft), Chrysler SERV, Combustion, Commercial Crew Development, Cosmopolis XXI, CTOL, Da Vinci Project, DARPA Falcon Project, DASA, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Delta wing, Descent (aeronautics), Drag (physics), Dream Chaser, Earth, Eugen Sänger, European Space Agency, Expendable launch system, ..., Falke (spacecraft), Federation of American Scientists, Flight dynamics, France, Friedrich Zander, Germany, Glider (aircraft), H-II, Helipad, Hermes (spacecraft), HL-20 Personnel Launch System, HL-42 (spacecraft), HOPE-X, Hopper (spacecraft), HOTOL, Hyflex, Hypersonic flight, Hypersonic speed, Ice, Indian Space Research Organisation, Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle, International Space Station, Japan, JAXA, Kármán line, Keldysh bomber, Kibo (ISS module), Kliper, Landing gear, Launch vehicle, Leading edge, Lift (force), Lifting body, Liquid air cycle engine, List of crewed spacecraft, List of spaceplanes, List of X-planes, Lockheed L-301, Lockheed Martin X-33, Low Earth orbit, MAKS (spacecraft), Manned Orbiting Laboratory, Martin Marietta, Martin Marietta X-24, Martin X-23 PRIME, Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105, Moscow, Mother ship, NASA, NASA Paresev, NASA Uranus orbiter and probe, NASA X-38, NASA X-43, National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Nazi Germany, North American Aviation, North American DC-3, North American X-15, Northrop HL-10, Orbit, Orbit insertion, Orbital Sciences Corporation, Orbital Sciences X-34, Orbital speed, OREX, Outer space, Oxidizing agent, Pacific Ocean, Parachute, Paris, Payload fraction, Pegasus (rocket), PlanetSpace, Precooled jet engine, Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe, Project 921-3, Project Gemini, Prometheus (spacecraft), Pulse detonation engine, Ramjet, Reusable launch system, RLV Technology Demonstration Programme, RLV-TD, Rocket, Rocket engine, Rocket-based combined cycle, Rocket-powered aircraft, Rocketplane XP, Rockwell X-30, Rogallo wing, Ronald Reagan, Rotorcraft, Runway, SABRE (rocket engine), Saenger (spacecraft), Scaled Composites, Scaled Composites White Knight Two, Science fiction, Scramjet, Sharp Edge Flight Experiment, Shenlong (spacecraft), Sierra Nevada Corporation, Silbervogel, Single-stage-to-orbit, Skylon (spacecraft), Snow, Soviet Union, Space, Space logistics, Space Shuttle, Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster, Space Shuttle thermal protection system, Spacecraft, Spaceflight, Spacelab, Spaceplane, SpaceShipOne, SpaceShipThree, SpaceShipTwo, Splashdown, State of the Union, Takeoff and landing, The New York Times, Tsybin, Tupolev, Two-stage-to-orbit, United Kingdom, United States, United States Air Force, United States Department of Defense, Unmanned spacecraft, V-2 rocket, VentureStar, Virgin Galactic, Vladimir Chelomey, VSS Enterprise, Water, Wernher von Braun, Willy Ley, Wing, Wired (magazine), World War II, X-41 Common Aero Vehicle, XCOR Aerospace, XCOR Lynx. Expand index (147 more) »

Active cooling

An active cooling system is one that involves the use of energy to cool something, as opposed to passive cooling that uses no energy.

New!!: Spaceplane and Active cooling · See more »

Aerial refueling

Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.

New!!: Spaceplane and Aerial refueling · See more »


Aerobraking is a spaceflight maneuver that reduces the high point of an elliptical orbit (apoapsis) by flying the vehicle through the atmosphere at the low point of the orbit (periapsis).

New!!: Spaceplane and Aerobraking · See more »


Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).

New!!: Spaceplane and Aerospace · See more »


The US Air Force's aerospaceplane project encompassed a variety of projects from 1958 until 1963 to study a fully reusable spaceplane.

New!!: Spaceplane and Aerospaceplane · See more »

Air brake (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, air brakes or speed brakes are a type of flight control surfaces used on an aircraft to increase drag or increase the angle of approach during landing.

New!!: Spaceplane and Air brake (aeronautics) · See more »

Airbreathing jet engine

An airbreathing jet engine (or ducted jet engine) is a jet engine propelled by a jet of hot exhaust gases formed from heated and expanded air that is drawn into the engine via a compressor, typically a centrifugal or axial type.

New!!: Spaceplane and Airbreathing jet engine · See more »

Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane

The Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane, also called EADS Astrium TBN according to some sources, is a suborbital spaceplane concept for carrying space tourists, proposed by EADS Astrium (currently Airbus Defence and Space), the space subsidiary of the European consortium EADS (currently Airbus).

New!!: Spaceplane and Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane · See more »


An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

New!!: Spaceplane and Aircraft · See more »


An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

New!!: Spaceplane and Airfoil · See more »

Amphibious aircraft

An amphibious aircraft or amphibian is an aircraft that can take off and land on both land and water.

New!!: Spaceplane and Amphibious aircraft · See more »

Analog Science Fiction and Fact

Analog Science Fiction and Fact is an American science-fiction magazine published under various titles since 1930.

New!!: Spaceplane and Analog Science Fiction and Fact · See more »

Ansari X Prize

The Ansari X Prize was a space competition in which the X Prize Foundation offered a US$10,000,000 prize for the first non-government organization to launch a reusable manned spacecraft into space twice within two weeks.

New!!: Spaceplane and Ansari X Prize · See more »

Ariane (rocket family)

Ariane is a series of a European civilian expendable launch vehicles for space launch use.

New!!: Spaceplane and Ariane (rocket family) · See more »

ASSET (spacecraft)

ASSET, or Aerothermodynamic Elastic Structural Systems Environmental Tests was an experimental US space project involving the testing of an unmanned sub-scale reentry vehicle.

New!!: Spaceplane and ASSET (spacecraft) · See more »

Atlas V

Atlas V ("V" is pronounced "Five") is an expendable launch system in the Atlas rocket family.

New!!: Spaceplane and Atlas V · See more »


An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.

New!!: Spaceplane and Atmosphere · See more »

Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.

New!!: Spaceplane and Atmosphere of Earth · See more »

Atmospheric entry

Atmospheric entry is the movement of an object from outer space into and through the gases of an atmosphere of a planet, dwarf planet or natural satellite.

New!!: Spaceplane and Atmospheric entry · See more »

Avatar (spacecraft)

Avatar (अवतार) (from "Aerobic Vehicle for Transatmospheric Hypersonic Aerospace TrAnspoRtation") is a concept study for a robotic single-stage reusable spaceplane capable of horizontal takeoff and landing, by India's Defence Research and Development Organisation.

New!!: Spaceplane and Avatar (spacecraft) · See more »

Aviation Week & Space Technology

Aviation Week & Space Technology, often abbreviated Aviation Week or AW&ST, is the flagship magazine of the Aviation Week Network.

New!!: Spaceplane and Aviation Week & Space Technology · See more »

BAC Mustard

The Multi-Unit Space Transport And Recovery Device or MUSTARD, usually written as Mustard, was a concept explored by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) during the mid-1960s for launching payloads weighing as much as into orbit.

New!!: Spaceplane and BAC Mustard · See more »

Black Horse (rocket)

The Black Horse was a study concept for a proposed winged single-stage to orbit spaceplane that would use aerial refueling to greatly reduce the size of the spacecraft, to about the size of an F-16 Fighting Falcon.

New!!: Spaceplane and Black Horse (rocket) · See more »

Blackstar (spacecraft)

Blackstar is the reported codename of a secret United States orbital spaceplane system.

New!!: Spaceplane and Blackstar (spacecraft) · See more »

Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar

The Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar ("Dynamic Soarer") was a United States Air Force (USAF) program to develop a spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions, including aerial reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and as a space interceptor to sabotage enemy satellites.

New!!: Spaceplane and Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar · See more »

Boeing X-37

The Boeing X-37, also known as the Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV), is a reusable uncrewed spacecraft.

New!!: Spaceplane and Boeing X-37 · See more »

Boeing X-40

The Boeing X-40A Space Maneuver Vehicle was a test platform for the X-37 Future-X Reusable Launch Vehicle.

New!!: Spaceplane and Boeing X-40 · See more »

Boeing X-51 Waverider

The Boeing X-51 Waverider is an unmanned research scramjet experimental aircraft for hypersonic flight at and an altitude of.

New!!: Spaceplane and Boeing X-51 Waverider · See more »


A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.

New!!: Spaceplane and Bomber · See more »


The BOR-4 (БОР-4 Беспилотный Орбитальный Ракетоплан 4, Bespilotnyi Orbital'nyi Raketoplan 4, "Unpiloted Orbital Rocketplane 4") flight vehicle is a scaled (1:2) prototype of the Soviet Spiral VTHL (vertical takeoff, horizontal landing) spaceplane.

New!!: Spaceplane and BOR-4 · See more »


The BOR-5 (БОР-5 Беспилотный Орбитальный Ракетоплан 5, Bespilotnyi Orbital'nyi Raketoplan 5, "Unpiloted Orbital Rocketplane 5") is a 1:8 sized test flight vehicle, used to study the main aerodynamic, thermal, acoustic and stability characteristics of the Buran.

New!!: Spaceplane and BOR-5 · See more »

Bristol Spaceplanes

Bristol Spaceplanes (BSP) is a British aerospace company based in Bristol, England, who have designed a number of spaceplanes with sub-orbital and orbital capabilities.

New!!: Spaceplane and Bristol Spaceplanes · See more »

Buran (spacecraft)

Buran (Бура́н,, meaning "Snowstorm" or "Blizzard"; GRAU index serial number: "11F35 K1") was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran programme.

New!!: Spaceplane and Buran (spacecraft) · See more »

Chrysler SERV

SERV, short for Single-stage Earth-orbital Reusable Vehicle, was a proposed space launch system designed by Chrysler's Space Division for the Space Shuttle project.

New!!: Spaceplane and Chrysler SERV · See more »


Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.

New!!: Spaceplane and Combustion · See more »

Commercial Crew Development

Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) is a multiphase, space technology development program that is funded by the U.S. government and administered by NASA.

New!!: Spaceplane and Commercial Crew Development · See more »

Cosmopolis XXI

Cosmopolis XXI was a late 2000s Russian concept launch vehicle billed as a space tourism vehicle, similar to Mojave Aerospace's Tier One program.

New!!: Spaceplane and Cosmopolis XXI · See more »


CTOL is an acronym for conventional take-off and landing, and is the process whereby conventional aircraft (such as passenger aircraft) take off and land, involving the use of runways.

New!!: Spaceplane and CTOL · See more »

Da Vinci Project

The Da Vinci Project was a privately funded, volunteer-staffed attempt to launch a reusable manned suborbital spacecraft.

New!!: Spaceplane and Da Vinci Project · See more »

DARPA Falcon Project

The DARPA Falcon Project (Force Application and Launch from CONtinental United States) is a two-part joint project between the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the United States Air Force (USAF) and is part of Prompt Global Strike.

New!!: Spaceplane and DARPA Falcon Project · See more »


DASA (officially Deutsche Aerospace AG, later Daimler-Benz Aerospace AG, then DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG), was the former aerospace subsidiary of Daimler-Benz AG (later DaimlerChrysler) from 1989. In July 2000, DASA merged with Aérospatiale-Matra and CASA to form EADS.

New!!: Spaceplane and DASA · See more »

Defence Research and Development Organisation

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is an agency of the Republic of India, charged with the military's research and development, headquartered in New Delhi, India.

New!!: Spaceplane and Defence Research and Development Organisation · See more »

Delta wing

The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.

New!!: Spaceplane and Delta wing · See more »

Descent (aeronautics)

A descent during air travel is any portion where an aircraft decreases altitude, and is the opposite of an ascent or climb.

New!!: Spaceplane and Descent (aeronautics) · See more »

Drag (physics)

In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.

New!!: Spaceplane and Drag (physics) · See more »

Dream Chaser

The Dream Chaser Cargo System is an American reusable lifting-body spaceplane being developed by Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) Space Systems.

New!!: Spaceplane and Dream Chaser · See more »


Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

New!!: Spaceplane and Earth · See more »

Eugen Sänger

Eugen Sänger (22 September 1905 – 10 February 1964) was an Austrian aerospace engineer best known for his contributions to lifting body and ramjet technology.

New!!: Spaceplane and Eugen Sänger · See more »

European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.

New!!: Spaceplane and European Space Agency · See more »

Expendable launch system

An expendable launch vehicle (ELV) is a launch system or launch vehicle stage that is used only once to carry a payload into space.

New!!: Spaceplane and Expendable launch system · See more »

Falke (spacecraft)

Falke was a German program to fly a subscale model of the Space Shuttle orbiter in real conditions in order to obtain aerodynamic data in the frame of the preparation of the Hermes spaceplane.

New!!: Spaceplane and Falke (spacecraft) · See more »

Federation of American Scientists

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.

New!!: Spaceplane and Federation of American Scientists · See more »

Flight dynamics

Flight dynamics is the study of the performance, stability, and control of vehicles flying through the air or in outer space.

New!!: Spaceplane and Flight dynamics · See more »


France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Spaceplane and France · See more »

Friedrich Zander

Friedrich Zander (Фридрих Артурович Цандер Fridrikh Arturovich Tsander. Frīdrihs Canders, – 28 March 1933), was a Baltic German pioneer of rocketry and spaceflight in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.

New!!: Spaceplane and Friedrich Zander · See more »


Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

New!!: Spaceplane and Germany · See more »

Glider (aircraft)

A glider is a heavier-than-air aircraft that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its lifting surfaces, and whose free flight does not depend on an engine.

New!!: Spaceplane and Glider (aircraft) · See more »


The H-II (H2) rocket was a Japanese satellite launch system, which flew seven times between 1994 and 1999, with five successes.

New!!: Spaceplane and H-II · See more »


A helipad is a landing area or platform for helicopters and powered lift aircraft.

New!!: Spaceplane and Helipad · See more »

Hermes (spacecraft)

Hermes was a proposed spaceplane designed by the French Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) in 1975, and later by the European Space Agency (ESA).

New!!: Spaceplane and Hermes (spacecraft) · See more »

HL-20 Personnel Launch System

The HL-20 Personnel Launch System is a NASA spaceplane concept for manned orbital missions studied by NASA's Langley Research Center around 1990.

New!!: Spaceplane and HL-20 Personnel Launch System · See more »

HL-42 (spacecraft)

The HL-42 was a proposed scaled-up version of the HL-20 re-usable manned spaceplane design, which had been developed from 1983 to 1991 at NASA's Langley Research Center but never flown.

New!!: Spaceplane and HL-42 (spacecraft) · See more »


HOPE was a Japanese experimental spaceplane project designed by a partnership between NASDA and NAL (both now part of JAXA), started in the 1980s.

New!!: Spaceplane and HOPE-X · See more »

Hopper (spacecraft)

Hopper was a proposed European Space Agency (ESA) orbital spaceplane and reusable launch vehicle.

New!!: Spaceplane and Hopper (spacecraft) · See more »


HOTOL, for Horizontal Take-Off and Landing, was a 1980s British design for a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) spaceplane that was to be powered by an airbreathing jet engine.

New!!: Spaceplane and HOTOL · See more »


HYFLEX (Hypersonic Flight Experiment) was a National Space Development Agency of Japan reentry demonstrator prototype which was launched in 1996 on the only flight of the J-I launcher.

New!!: Spaceplane and Hyflex · See more »

Hypersonic flight

Hypersonic flight is flight through the atmosphere below about 90km at speeds above Mach 5, a speed where dissociation of air begins to become significant and high heat loads exist.

New!!: Spaceplane and Hypersonic flight · See more »

Hypersonic speed

In aerodynamics, a hypersonic speed is one that is highly supersonic.

New!!: Spaceplane and Hypersonic speed · See more »


Ice is water frozen into a solid state.

New!!: Spaceplane and Ice · See more »

Indian Space Research Organisation

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore.

New!!: Spaceplane and Indian Space Research Organisation · See more »

Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle

The Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV) is a European Space Agency (ESA) experimental suborbital re-entry vehicle.

New!!: Spaceplane and Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle · See more »

International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

New!!: Spaceplane and International Space Station · See more »


Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

New!!: Spaceplane and Japan · See more »


The is the Japanese national aerospace and space agency.

New!!: Spaceplane and JAXA · See more »

Kármán line

The Kármán line, or Karman line, lies at an altitude of above Earth's sea level and commonly represents the boundary between Earth's atmosphere and outer space.

New!!: Spaceplane and Kármán line · See more »

Keldysh bomber

The Keldysh bomber was a Soviet design for a rocket-powered sub-orbital bomber spacecraft which drew heavily upon work carried out by Eugen Sänger and Irene Bredt for the German Silbervogel project.

New!!: Spaceplane and Keldysh bomber · See more »

Kibo (ISS module)

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), nicknamed, is a Japanese science module for the International Space Station (ISS) developed by JAXA.

New!!: Spaceplane and Kibo (ISS module) · See more »


Kliper (Клипер, English: Clipper) was an early-2000s proposed partly- reusable manned spacecraft concept by RSC Energia.

New!!: Spaceplane and Kliper · See more »

Landing gear

Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.

New!!: Spaceplane and Landing gear · See more »

Launch vehicle

A launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface through outer space, either to another surface point (suborbital), or into space (Earth orbit or beyond).

New!!: Spaceplane and Launch vehicle · See more »

Leading edge

The leading edge is the part of the wing that first contacts the air;Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 305.

New!!: Spaceplane and Leading edge · See more »

Lift (force)

A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.

New!!: Spaceplane and Lift (force) · See more »

Lifting body

A lifting body is a fixed-wing aircraft or spacecraft configuration in which the body itself produces lift.

New!!: Spaceplane and Lifting body · See more »

Liquid air cycle engine

A liquid air cycle engine (LACE) is a type of spacecraft propulsion engine that attempts to increase its efficiency by gathering part of its oxidizer from the atmosphere.

New!!: Spaceplane and Liquid air cycle engine · See more »

List of crewed spacecraft

This is a list of crewed spacecraft types, including space stations, sorted by status, nation and series in chronological order.

New!!: Spaceplane and List of crewed spacecraft · See more »

List of spaceplanes

A Spaceplane is a craft that is able to fly in the atmosphere like an aeroplane and is also able to reach space and manoeuvre as a spacecraft where conventional aerodynamic controls lose their effectiveness.

New!!: Spaceplane and List of spaceplanes · See more »

List of X-planes

The X-planes are a series of experimental United States aircraft and rockets, used to test and evaluate new technologies and aerodynamic concepts.

New!!: Spaceplane and List of X-planes · See more »

Lockheed L-301

Lockheed L-301 (sometimes called the X-24C, though this designation was never officially assigned) was an experimental air-breathing hypersonic aircraft project.

New!!: Spaceplane and Lockheed L-301 · See more »

Lockheed Martin X-33

The Lockheed Martin X-33 was an unmanned, sub-scale technology demonstrator suborbital spaceplane developed in the 1990s under the U.S. government-funded Space Launch Initiative program.

New!!: Spaceplane and Lockheed Martin X-33 · See more »

Low Earth orbit

A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.

New!!: Spaceplane and Low Earth orbit · See more »

MAKS (spacecraft)

The MAKS (Multipurpose aerospace system) (Russian: МАКС (Многоцелевая авиационно-космическая система)) is a cancelled Soviet air-launched with orbiter reusable launch system project that was proposed in 1988, but cancelled in 1991.

New!!: Spaceplane and MAKS (spacecraft) · See more »

Manned Orbiting Laboratory

The Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL), originally referred to as the Manned Orbital Laboratory, was part of the United States Air Force's manned spaceflight program, a successor to the cancelled Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar military reconnaissance space plane project.

New!!: Spaceplane and Manned Orbiting Laboratory · See more »

Martin Marietta

The Martin Marietta Corporation was an American company founded in 1961 through the merger of Glenn L. Martin Company and American Marietta Corporation.

New!!: Spaceplane and Martin Marietta · See more »

Martin Marietta X-24

The Martin Marietta X-24 was an American experimental aircraft developed from a joint United States Air Force-NASA program named PILOT (1963–1975).

New!!: Spaceplane and Martin Marietta X-24 · See more »

Martin X-23 PRIME

The Martin X-23A PRIME (Precision Reentry Including Maneuvering reEntry) (SV-5D) was a small lifting-body re-entry vehicle tested by the United States Air Force in the mid-1960s.

New!!: Spaceplane and Martin X-23 PRIME · See more »


Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) was a German aerospace manufacturer formed as the result of several mergers in the late 1960s.

New!!: Spaceplane and Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm · See more »

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105 part of a programme known as the Spiral (aerospace system), was a manned test vehicle to explore low-speed handling and landing.

New!!: Spaceplane and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105 · See more »


Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

New!!: Spaceplane and Moscow · See more »

Mother ship

A mother ship, mothership or mother-ship is a large vehicle that leads, serves, or carries other smaller vehicles.

New!!: Spaceplane and Mother ship · See more »


The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

New!!: Spaceplane and NASA · See more »

NASA Paresev

The Paresev (Paraglider Research Vehicle) was an experimental NASA glider aircraft based upon the kite-parachute studies by NASA engineer Francis Rogallo.

New!!: Spaceplane and NASA Paresev · See more »

NASA Uranus orbiter and probe

A Uranus orbiter and probe is a mission concept for study of the planet Uranus.

New!!: Spaceplane and NASA Uranus orbiter and probe · See more »


The X-38 was an experimental re-entry vehicle designed by NASA to research a possible emergency crew return vehicle (CRV) for the International Space Station (ISS).

New!!: Spaceplane and NASA X-38 · See more »


The X-43 was an experimental unmanned hypersonic aircraft with multiple planned scale variations meant to test various aspects of hypersonic flight.

New!!: Spaceplane and NASA X-43 · See more »

National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan

The National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL) was established in July 1955.

New!!: Spaceplane and National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan · See more »

National Space Development Agency of Japan

The of Japan, or NASDA, was a Japanese national space agency established on October 1, 1969 under the National Space Development Agency Law only for peaceful purposes.

New!!: Spaceplane and National Space Development Agency of Japan · See more »

Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

New!!: Spaceplane and Nazi Germany · See more »

North American Aviation

North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.

New!!: Spaceplane and North American Aviation · See more »

North American DC-3

The DC-3 was a proposed spaceplane designed by Maxime Faget at the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) in Houston.

New!!: Spaceplane and North American DC-3 · See more »

North American X-15

The North American X-15 was a hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as part of the X-plane series of experimental aircraft.

New!!: Spaceplane and North American X-15 · See more »

Northrop HL-10

The Northrop HL-10 was one of five American heavyweight lifting body designs flown at NASA's Flight Research Center (FRC—later Dryden Flight Research Center) in Edwards, California, from July 1966 to November 1975 to study and validate the concept of safely maneuvering and landing a low lift-over-drag vehicle designed for reentry from space.

New!!: Spaceplane and Northrop HL-10 · See more »


In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.

New!!: Spaceplane and Orbit · See more »

Orbit insertion

Orbit insertion is the spaceflight operation of adjusting a spacecraft’s momentum, in particular to allow for entry into a stable orbit around a planet, moon, or other celestial body.

New!!: Spaceplane and Orbit insertion · See more »

Orbital Sciences Corporation

Orbital Sciences Corporation (commonly referred to as Orbital) was an American company specializing in the design, manufacture and launch of small- and medium- class space and rocket systems for commercial, military and other government customers.

New!!: Spaceplane and Orbital Sciences Corporation · See more »

Orbital Sciences X-34

The Orbital Sciences X-34 was intended to be a low-cost testbed for demonstrating "key technologies" which could be integrated into the Reusable Launch Vehicle program.

New!!: Spaceplane and Orbital Sciences X-34 · See more »

Orbital speed

In gravitationally bound systems, the orbital speed of an astronomical body or object (e.g. planet, moon, artificial satellite, spacecraft, or star) is the speed at which it orbits around either the barycenter or, if the object is much less massive than the largest body in the system, its speed relative to that largest body.

New!!: Spaceplane and Orbital speed · See more »


OREX (Orbital Re-entry Experiment) was a NASDA re-entry demonstrator prototype which was launched in 1994 on the H-II launcher; the satellite was renamed.

New!!: Spaceplane and OREX · See more »

Outer space

Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.

New!!: Spaceplane and Outer space · See more »

Oxidizing agent

In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.

New!!: Spaceplane and Oxidizing agent · See more »

Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

New!!: Spaceplane and Pacific Ocean · See more »


A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).

New!!: Spaceplane and Parachute · See more »


Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

New!!: Spaceplane and Paris · See more »

Payload fraction

In aerospace engineering, payload fraction is a common term used to characterize the efficiency of a particular design.

New!!: Spaceplane and Payload fraction · See more »

Pegasus (rocket)

The Pegasus is an air-launched rocket developed by Orbital Sciences Corporation (now part of Northrop Grumman Innovation System after Northrop Grumman acquired Orbital ATK).

New!!: Spaceplane and Pegasus (rocket) · See more »


PlanetSpace was a privately funded Chicago-based rocket and space travel project founded by Geoff Sheerin, CEO of the Canadian Arrow corporation and Dr.

New!!: Spaceplane and PlanetSpace · See more »

Precooled jet engine

A precooled jet engine is a concept for high speed jet engines that features a cryogenic fuel-cooled heat exchanger immediately after the air intake to precool the air entering the engine.

New!!: Spaceplane and Precooled jet engine · See more »

Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe

The Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe (PRIDE) is a European Space Agency (ESA) programme that aims to develop a reusable robotic spacecraft.

New!!: Spaceplane and Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe · See more »

Project 921-3

Project 921-3 is a manned spacecraft sub-system of Project 921.

New!!: Spaceplane and Project 921-3 · See more »

Project Gemini

Project Gemini was NASA's second human spaceflight program.

New!!: Spaceplane and Project Gemini · See more »

Prometheus (spacecraft)

Prometheus was a proposed manned vertical-takeoff, horizontal-landing (VTHL) spaceplane concept put forward by Orbital Sciences Corporation in late 2010 as part of the second phase of NASA's Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) program.

New!!: Spaceplane and Prometheus (spacecraft) · See more »

Pulse detonation engine

A pulse detonation engine (PDE) is a type of propulsion system that uses detonation waves to combust the fuel and oxidizer mixture.

New!!: Spaceplane and Pulse detonation engine · See more »


A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.

New!!: Spaceplane and Ramjet · See more »

Reusable launch system

A reusable launch system (RLS, or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a space launch system intended to allow for recovery of all or part of the system for later reuse.

New!!: Spaceplane and Reusable launch system · See more »

RLV Technology Demonstration Programme

Reusable Launch Vehicle—Technology Demonstration Programme is a series of technology demonstration missions that has been conceived by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) as a first step towards realising a Two Stage To Orbit (TSTO) re-usable launch vehicle.

New!!: Spaceplane and RLV Technology Demonstration Programme · See more »


RLV-TD is the first unmanned flying testbed being developed for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)’s Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstration Programme.

New!!: Spaceplane and RLV-TD · See more »


A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rocket · See more »

Rocket engine

A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rocket engine · See more »

Rocket-based combined cycle

The RBCC, or Rocket-Based Combined Cycle propulsion system, is one of the two types of propulsion systems that may be tested in the Boeing X-43 experimental aircraft.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rocket-based combined cycle · See more »

Rocket-powered aircraft

A rocket-powered aircraft or rocket plane is an aircraft that uses a rocket engine for propulsion, sometimes in addition to airbreathing jet engines.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rocket-powered aircraft · See more »

Rocketplane XP

The Rocketplane XP was a suborbital spaceplane design that was under development c. 2005 by Rocketplane Kistler.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rocketplane XP · See more »

Rockwell X-30

The Rockwell X-30 was an advanced technology demonstrator project for the National Aero-Space Plane (NASP), part of a United States project to create a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) spacecraft and passenger spaceliner.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rockwell X-30 · See more »

Rogallo wing

The Rogallo wing is a flexible type of airfoil.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rogallo wing · See more »

Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

New!!: Spaceplane and Ronald Reagan · See more »


A rotorcraft or rotary-wing aircraft is a heavier-than-air flying machine that uses lift generated by wings, called rotary wings or rotor blades, that revolve around a mast.

New!!: Spaceplane and Rotorcraft · See more »


According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft".

New!!: Spaceplane and Runway · See more »

SABRE (rocket engine)

SABRE (Synergistic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine) is a concept under development by Reaction Engines Limited for a hypersonic precooled hybrid air-breathing rocket engine.

New!!: Spaceplane and SABRE (rocket engine) · See more »

Saenger (spacecraft)

Saenger or Sänger was a West German concept design for a two-stage spaceplane.

New!!: Spaceplane and Saenger (spacecraft) · See more »

Scaled Composites

Scaled Composites (often called simply Scaled) is an American aerospace company founded by Burt Rutan and currently owned by Northrop Grumman that is located at the Mojave Air and Space Port, Mojave, California, United States.

New!!: Spaceplane and Scaled Composites · See more »

Scaled Composites White Knight Two

The Scaled Composites Model 348 White Knight Two (WK2) is a jet-powered cargo aircraft that is used to lift the SpaceShipTwo spacecraft to release altitude.

New!!: Spaceplane and Scaled Composites White Knight Two · See more »

Science fiction

Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.

New!!: Spaceplane and Science fiction · See more »


A scramjet ("supersonic combustion ramjet") is a variant of a ramjet airbreathing jet engine in which combustion takes place in supersonic airflow.

New!!: Spaceplane and Scramjet · See more »

Sharp Edge Flight Experiment

SHEFEX (Sharp Edge Flight Experiment), is an experiment conducted by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), for the development of some new, cheaper and safer design principles for space capsules, hypersonic vehicles and spaceplanes with re-entry capability in the atmosphere and their integration into a complete system.

New!!: Spaceplane and Sharp Edge Flight Experiment · See more »

Shenlong (spacecraft)

Shenlong is a prototype Chinese robotic spaceplane that is similar to the American Boeing X-37.

New!!: Spaceplane and Shenlong (spacecraft) · See more »

Sierra Nevada Corporation

Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) is an American privately held electronic systems provider and systems integrator specializing in microsatellites, telemedicine, and commercial orbital transportation services.

New!!: Spaceplane and Sierra Nevada Corporation · See more »


Silbervogel, (German for "silver bird"), was a design for a liquid-propellant rocket-powered sub-orbital bomber produced by Eugen Sänger and Irene Bredt in the late 1930s for The Third Reich/Nazi Germany.

New!!: Spaceplane and Silbervogel · See more »


A single-stage-to-orbit (or SSTO) vehicle reaches orbit from the surface of a body without jettisoning hardware, expending only propellants and fluids.

New!!: Spaceplane and Single-stage-to-orbit · See more »

Skylon (spacecraft)

Skylon is a series of designs for a single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane by the British company Reaction Engines Limited (REL), using SABRE, a combined-cycle, air-breathing rocket propulsion system.

New!!: Spaceplane and Skylon (spacecraft) · See more »


Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.

New!!: Spaceplane and Snow · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: Spaceplane and Soviet Union · See more »


Space is the boundless three-dimensional extent in which objects and events have relative position and direction.

New!!: Spaceplane and Space · See more »

Space logistics

According to the AIAA Space Logistics Technical Committee, space logistics is However, this definition in its larger sense includes terrestrial logistics in support of space travel, including any additional "design and development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of space materiel", movement of people in space (both routine and for medical and other emergencies), and contracting and supplying any required support services for maintaining space travel.

New!!: Spaceplane and Space logistics · See more »

Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.

New!!: Spaceplane and Space Shuttle · See more »

Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster

The Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs) were the first solid fuel motors to be used for primary propulsion on a vehicle used for human spaceflight and provided the majority of the Space Shuttle's thrust during the first two minutes of flight.

New!!: Spaceplane and Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster · See more »

Space Shuttle thermal protection system

The Space Shuttle thermal protection system (TPS) is the barrier that protected the Space Shuttle Orbiter during the searing heat of atmospheric reentry.

New!!: Spaceplane and Space Shuttle thermal protection system · See more »


A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.

New!!: Spaceplane and Spacecraft · See more »


Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.

New!!: Spaceplane and Spaceflight · See more »


Spacelab was a reusable laboratory used on certain spaceflights flown by the Space Shuttle.

New!!: Spaceplane and Spacelab · See more »


A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.

New!!: Spaceplane and Spaceplane · See more »


SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched rocket-powered aircraft with sub-orbital spaceflight capability at speeds of up to 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s), using a hybrid rocket motor.

New!!: Spaceplane and SpaceShipOne · See more »


The Scaled Composites SpaceShipThree (SS3) was a mid-2000s proposed spaceplane to be developed by Virgin Galactic and Scaled Composites, ostensibly to follow SpaceShipTwo.

New!!: Spaceplane and SpaceShipThree · See more »


The Scaled Composites Model 339 SpaceShipTwo (SS2) is an air-launched suborbital spaceplane type designed for space tourism.

New!!: Spaceplane and SpaceShipTwo · See more »


Splashdown is the method of landing a spacecraft by parachute in a body of water.

New!!: Spaceplane and Splashdown · See more »

State of the Union

The State of the Union Address is an annual message presented by the President of the United States to a joint session of the United States Congress, except in the first year of a new president's term.

New!!: Spaceplane and State of the Union · See more »

Takeoff and landing

Aircraft can have different ways to take off and land.

New!!: Spaceplane and Takeoff and landing · See more »

The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

New!!: Spaceplane and The New York Times · See more »


Tsybin (Цыбин) is a Russian last name.

New!!: Spaceplane and Tsybin · See more »


Tupolev (Ту́полев) is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow.

New!!: Spaceplane and Tupolev · See more »


A two-stage-to-orbit or two-stage rocket launch vehicle is a spacecraft in which two distinct stages provide propulsion consecutively in order to achieve orbital velocity.

New!!: Spaceplane and Two-stage-to-orbit · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: Spaceplane and United Kingdom · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Spaceplane and United States · See more »

United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

New!!: Spaceplane and United States Air Force · See more »

United States Department of Defense

The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.

New!!: Spaceplane and United States Department of Defense · See more »

Unmanned spacecraft

Unmanned spacecraft are spacecraft without people ("man") on board, used for unmanned spaceflight.

New!!: Spaceplane and Unmanned spacecraft · See more »

V-2 rocket

The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.

New!!: Spaceplane and V-2 rocket · See more »


VentureStar was a single-stage-to-orbit reusable launch system proposed by Lockheed Martin and funded by the U.S. government.

New!!: Spaceplane and VentureStar · See more »

Virgin Galactic

Virgin Galactic is a spaceflight company within the Virgin Group.

New!!: Spaceplane and Virgin Galactic · See more »

Vladimir Chelomey

Vladimir Nikolayevich Chelomey (Russian: Влади́мир Никола́евич Челоме́й; Ukrainian: Володимир Миколайович Челомей; 30 June 1914 – 8 December 1984) was a Soviet mechanics scientist, aviation and missile engineer.

New!!: Spaceplane and Vladimir Chelomey · See more »

VSS Enterprise

VSS Enterprise (tail number: N339SS) was the first SpaceShipTwo (SS2) spaceplane, built by Scaled Composites for Virgin Galactic.

New!!: Spaceplane and VSS Enterprise · See more »


Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: Spaceplane and Water · See more »

Wernher von Braun

Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German (and, later, American) aerospace engineer and space architect.

New!!: Spaceplane and Wernher von Braun · See more »

Willy Ley

Willy Otto Oskar Ley (October 2, 1906 – June 24, 1969) was a German-American science writer, spaceflight advocate, and historian of science who helped to popularize rocketry, spaceflight, and natural history in both Germany and the United States.

New!!: Spaceplane and Willy Ley · See more »


A wing is a type of fin that produces lift, while moving through air or some other fluid.

New!!: Spaceplane and Wing · See more »

Wired (magazine)

Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.

New!!: Spaceplane and Wired (magazine) · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Spaceplane and World War II · See more »

X-41 Common Aero Vehicle

Initiated in 2003, X-41 is the designation for a still-classified U.S. military spaceplane.

New!!: Spaceplane and X-41 Common Aero Vehicle · See more »

XCOR Aerospace

XCOR Aerospace was an American private spaceflight and rocket engine development company based at the Mojave Air and Space Port in Mojave, California, Midland International Air and Spaceport in Midland, Texas and the Amsterdam area, the Netherlands.

New!!: Spaceplane and XCOR Aerospace · See more »


The XCOR Lynx was a proposed suborbital horizontal-takeoff, horizontal-landing (HTHL), rocket-powered spaceplane that was under development by the California-based company XCOR Aerospace to compete in the emerging suborbital spaceflight market.

New!!: Spaceplane and XCOR Lynx · See more »

Redirects here:

Cosmoplane, Space plane, Space planes, Space-plane, Spaceplanes, Suborbital spaceplane.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spaceplane

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »