Alan Curtis Kay (born May 17, 1940 published by the Association for Computing Machinery 2012) is an American computer scientist.
Alan Kotok (November 9, 1941 – May 26, 2006) was an American computer scientist known for his work at Digital Equipment Corporation (Digital, or DEC) and at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
The Altair 8800 is a microcomputer designed in 1974 by MITS and based on the Intel 8080 CPU.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
An arcade game or coin-op is a coin-operated entertainment machine typically installed in public businesses such as restaurants, bars and amusement arcades.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
Asteroids is an arcade space shooter released in November 1979 by Atari, Inc. and designed by Lyle Rains, Ed Logg, and Dominic Walsh.
The Atari 2600 (or Atari Video Computer System before November 1982) is a home video game console from Atari, Inc. Released on September 11, 1977, it is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor-based hardware and games contained on ROM cartridges, a format first used with the Fairchild Channel F in 1976.
Buck Rogers is a fictional space opera character created by Philip Francis Nowlan in the novella Armageddon 2419 A.D., subsequently appearing in multiple media.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
The has a history that spans more than 100 years.
Classical mechanics describes the motion of macroscopic objects, from projectiles to parts of machinery, and astronomical objects, such as spacecraft, planets, stars and galaxies.
A cloaking device is a theoretical or fictional stealth technology that can cause objects, such as spaceships or individuals, to be partially or wholly invisible to parts of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum.
The Computer History Museum (CHM) is a museum established in 1996 in Mountain View, California, US.
A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science, the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their application.
Computer Space is a space combat arcade game developed in 1971 as one of the last games created in the early history of video games.
Condé Nast Inc. is an American mass media company founded in 1909 by Condé Montrose Nast, based at One World Trade Center and owned by Advance Publications.
Creative Computing was one of the earliest magazines covering the microcomputer revolution.
The Digital Equipment Computer Users' Society (DECUS) was an independent computer user group related to Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.
Doubleday is an American publishing company founded as Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897 that by 1947 was the largest in the United States.
Edward Elmer Smith (also E. E. Smith, E. E. Smith, Ph.D., E. E. "Doc" Smith, Doc Smith, "Skylark" Smith, or—to his family—Ted; May 2, 1890 – August 31, 1965) was an American food engineer (specializing in doughnut and pastry mixes) and science-fiction author, best known for the Lensman and Skylark series.
The history of video games spans a period of time between the invention of the first electronic games and today, covering a long period of invention and changes.
George Edward "Ed" Logg (born 1948 in Seattle) is a retired American arcade video game designer, first employed at Atari and later at Atari Games.
Electronic Games was the first dedicated video game magazine published in the United States and ran from October 15, 1981 to 1997 under different titles.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
Expensive Typewriter was a text editing program that ran on the DEC PDP-1 computer that had been recently delivered at MIT.
In video games, the first person refers to a graphical perspective rendered from the viewpoint of the player's character.
Frederik George Pohl Jr. (November 26, 1919 – September 2, 2013) was an American science-fiction writer, editor, and fan, with a career spanning more than 75 years—from his first published work, the 1937 poem "Elegy to a Dead Satellite: Luna", to the 2011 novel All the Lives He Led and articles and essays published in 2012.
A front panel was used on early electronic computers to display and allow the alteration of the state of the machine's internal registers and memory.
Future US, Inc. (formerly known as Imagine Media and The Future Network USA) is an American media corporation specializing in targeted magazines and websites in the video games, music, and technology markets.
Galaxy Game is a space combat arcade game developed in 1971 during the early era of video games.
Galaxy Science Fiction was an American digest-size science fiction magazine, published from 1950 to 1980.
Gamasutra is a website founded in 1997 that focuses on all aspects of video game development.
The game canon is a list of video games to be considered for preservation by the Library of Congress.
A gamepad, joypad, or simply controller is a type of game controller held in two hands, where the fingers (especially thumbs) are used to provide input.
Geek.com is a technology news weblog about hardware, mobile computing, technology, movies, TV, video games, comic books, and all manner of geek culture subjects.
In orbital mechanics and aerospace engineering, a gravitational slingshot, gravity assist maneuver, or swing-by is the use of the relative movement (e.g. orbit around the Sun) and gravity of a planet or other astronomical object to alter the path and speed of a spacecraft, typically to save propellant and reduce expense.
A gravity well or gravitational well is a conceptual model of the gravitational field surrounding a body in space – the more massive the body, the deeper and more extensive the gravity well associated with it.
Hacker ethic is a term for the moral values and philosophy that are common in hacker culture.
Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution is a book by Steven Levy about hacker culture.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
High Score!: The Illustrated History of Electronic Games is a book published in April 2002 by McGraw-Hill Osborne Media.
Hyperspace is a faster-than-light (FTL) method of traveling used in science fiction.
IAC (InterActiveCorp) is an American holding company, that owns over 150 brands across 100 countries, mostly in media and Internet headquartered in New York City.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces and numericalspaces of the Internet, ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
The Intel 8080 ("eighty-eighty") was the second 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and was released in April 1974.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
Joystiq was a video gaming blog founded in June 2004 as part of the Weblogs, Inc. family of weblogs, now owned by AOL.
A kaleidoscope is an optical instrument with two or more reflecting surfaces tilted to each other in an angle, so that one or more (parts of) objects on one end of the mirrors are seen as a regular symmetrical pattern when viewed from the other end, due to repeated reflection.
A kludge or kluge is a workaround or quick-and-dirty solution that is clumsy, inelegant, inefficient, difficult to extend and hard to maintain.
The Lensman series is a series of science fiction novels by American author Edward Elmer "Doc" Smith.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
A light pen is a computer input device in the form of a light-sensitive wand used in conjunction with a computer's CRT display.
In computer science, a lookup table is an array that replaces runtime computation with a simpler array indexing operation.
In astronomy, magnitude is a logarithmic measure of the brightness of an object in a defined passband, often in the visible or infrared spectrum, but sometimes across all wavelengths.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
Marvin Lee Minsky (August 9, 1927 – January 24, 2016) was an American cognitive scientist concerned largely with research of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's AI laboratory, and author of several texts concerning AI and philosophy.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the firm's relationship with developers and testers, such as hardware developers interested in the operating system (OS), and software developers developing on the various OS platforms or using the API or scripting languages of Microsoft's applications.
A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.
Mountain View is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, United States, named for its views of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
A multiplayer video game is a video game in which more than one person can play in the same game environment at the same time, either locally or over the internet.
Next Generation (also known as NextGen) was a video game magazine that was published by Imagine Media (now Future Network USA).
Nolan Kay Bushnell (born February 5, 1943) is an American electrical engineer and businessman.
An oscilloscope, previously called an oscillograph, and informally known as a scope or o-scope, CRO (for cathode-ray oscilloscope), or DSO (for the more modern digital storage oscilloscope), is a type of electronic test instrument that allows observation of varying signal voltages, usually as a two-dimensional plot of one or more signals as a function of time.
The PDP-1 (Programmed Data Processor-1) is the first computer in Digital Equipment Corporation's PDP series and was first produced in 1959.
The PDP-6 (Programmed Data Processor-6) was a computer model developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1963.
Peter R. Samson (born 1941 in Fitchburg, Massachusetts) is an American computer scientist, best known for creating pioneering computer software.
The PGM-11 Redstone was the first large American ballistic missile.
PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) was the first generalized computer-assisted instruction system.
Pre-installed software (also known as bundled software) is software already installed and licensed on a computer or smartphone bought from an original equipment manufacturer (OEM).
Replay: The History of Video Games is a book on the history of video games by Tristan Donovan.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
Skylark is a science fiction/space opera series by American writer E. E. Smith.
In computer programming and software testing, smoke testing (also confidence testing, sanity testing, ISTQB® Glossary for the International Software Testing Qualification Board® software testing qualification scheme, International Software Testing Qualification Board. build verification test (BVT) and build acceptance test) is preliminary testing to reveal simple failures severe enough to, for example, reject a prospective software release.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
A space flight simulation game is a genre of flight simulator video games that lets players experience space flight to varying degrees of realism.
Space War is a video game cartridge for the Atari 2600, released in 1978 by Atari, Inc..
Space Wars is a 1977 vector graphics arcade game based on the 1962 PDP-1 program Spacewar!.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Star Control: Famous Battles of the Ur-Quan Conflict, Volume IV or just simply Star Control is a science fiction video game developed by Toys for Bob and published by Accolade in 1990.
Stephen "Steve" Russell (born 1937) is an American computer scientist most famous for creating Spacewar!, one of the earliest video games.
The Tech Model Railroad Club (TMRC) is a student organization at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Samuel Frederick "Ted" Dabney Jr. (May 2, 1937 – May 26, 2018) was an American electrical engineer, and the co-founder, alongside Nolan Bushnell, of Atari, Inc. He is recognized as developing the basics of video circuitry principles that were used for Computer Space and later Pong, one of the first and most successful arcade games.
The Computer Museum was a Boston, Massachusetts, museum that opened in 1979 and operated in three different locations until 1999.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Tic-tac-toe (also known as noughts and crosses or Xs and Os) is a paper-and-pencil game for two players, X and O, who take turns marking the spaces in a 3×3 grid.
Tiny BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language that can fit into as little as 2 or 3 KB of memory.
is a Japanese term for live-action film or television drama that uses many special effects.
In mathematics, the trigonometric functions (also called circular functions, angle functions or goniometric functions) are functions of an angle.
The TX-0, for Transistorized Experimental computer zero, but affectionately referred to as tixo (pronounced "tix oh"), was an early fully transistorized computer and contained a then-huge 64K of 18-bit words of magnetic core memory.
UBM plc is a global business-to-business (B2B) events organiser headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The United States Army Reserve (USAR) is the federal reserve force of the United States Army.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
The Vintage Computer Festival (VCF) is an international event celebrating the history of computing.
Wayne State University Press (or WSU Press) is a university press that is part of Wayne State University.
Wraparound, in video games, is a gameplay variation on the single-screen in which space is finite but unbounded; objects leaving one side of the screen immediately reappear on the opposite side, maintaining speed and trajectory.
Ziff Davis, LLC is an American publisher and Internet company.