170 relations: Abacá, Aeta people, Ambeth Ocampo, Andrés Bonifacio, Anglo-Saxons, Armin Luistro, Ateneo de Manila University, Augustinians, Austronesian peoples, Bamboo, Barangay, Barrio, Bicolanos, Bolo knife, Bulacan, Carabao, Castile (historical region), Catechism, Cebu, Cebu City, Cebuano people, Chavacano, Chinese Filipino, Chinese yo-yo, Cities of the Philippines, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Compadre, Constitution of the Philippines, Corrido, Criollo people, Decree, Demonization, Department of Education (Philippines), Diccionario de la lengua española, Diosdado Macapagal, Dominican Order, E-Dyario, Education in the Philippines during Spanish rule, El filibusterismo, Emilio Aguinaldo, False friend, Filipinas, Ahora Mismo, Filipino language, Filipino nationalism, Filipino people of Spanish ancestry, First Philippine Republic, Franciscan, Gaspar Aquino de Belen, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Graciano López Jaena, ..., Hand fan, Hegemony, Henry Jones Ford, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Hispanic America, Hispanophone, Historiography, History of the Malay language, History of the Philippines (1521–1898), Horacio de la Costa, Ilocano people, Ilustrado, Imperata cylindrica, Independence Day (Philippines), Instituto Cervantes, Intramuros, Isabella II of Spain, Islam, Japanese occupation of the Philippines, Japanese settlement in the Philippines, Jasmine, Jasminum sambac, Jesús Balmori, José Rizal, Juan Carlos I of Spain, Kora Kora, La solidaridad, Land registration, Latin Union, Lingua franca, Loanword, Luzon, Madrid, Malolos, Malolos Congress, Malolos Constitution, Mammary gland, Manila, Manuel L. Quezon, Manuel Roxas, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Mexico, Mexico City, Miguel López de Legazpi, Missionary, Moro people, Moro Rebellion, Municipalities of the Philippines, Names given to the Spanish language, National anthem, National Historical Commission of the Philippines, New Spain, Noli me tangere (novel), Nypa fruticans, Official language, Old Spanish language, Palenque, Palm wine, Papaya, Pasyon, Peninsulars, Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language, Philippine languages, Philippine literature, Philippine literature in Spanish, Philippine peso, Philippine revolts against Spain, Philippine Revolution, Philippine Spanish, Philippine–American War, Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day, Philippines, Philippines Campaign (1944–45), Pidgin, Pier, Piracy, Popular culture, President of the Philippines, Propaganda Movement, Puto, Queen Sofía of Spain, Real Academia Española, Republic Day (Philippines), Republic of Negros, Republic of Zamboanga, Russian language in Ukraine, Sangley, Sawali, Sergio Osmeña, Society of Jesus, Sound film, Spain, Spanish Empire, Spanish influence on Filipino culture, Spanish language, Spanish language in the United States, Spanish-based creole languages, Spanish–American War, State school, Taft Commission, Tagalog language, Tagalog people, Tornatrás, Translation, Tropical cyclone, Typhoon, Typhoons in the Philippines, Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines, University of San Carlos, University of Santo Tomas, Valeriano Weyler, Visayan languages, Voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant, War canoe, Waray people, Woodrow Wilson, Zamboanga City, Zamboanga Peninsula, Zamboangueño people, Zobel de Ayala family. Expand index (120 more) » « Shrink index
Abacá (abacá), binomial name Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica.
The Aeta (Ayta, pronounced), or Agta, are an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of the island of Luzon, the Philippines.
Ambeth Ocampo is a multi-awarded Filipino historian, academic, journalist, and author best known for his writings about Philippines' national hero José Rizal and for "Looking Back", his bi-weekly editorial page column in the Philippine Daily Inquirer.
Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro (November 30, 1863 – May 10, 1897) was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary leader.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Brother Armin Luistro, FSC born December 24, 1961 in Lipa, Batangas, Philippines) is a Filipino Lasallian Brother, who is the current secretary of the Department of Education of the Philippines. Luistro entered De La Salle Scholasticate (the center for academic training of De La Salle Brothers) in Manila on April 1979 while he was studying in De La Salle University (DLSU). He received the religious habit of the congregation on October 1981 at the La Salle Novitiate in Lipa. He professed his first religious vows on October 1982, and his final vows on May 1988. He started teaching as a religion teacher at De La Salle Lipa in 1983. He was made provincial of the De La Salle Brothers Philippine District on April 1997, a post he held until 2003. On August 26, 2000, Luistro co-founded the De La Salle Catholic University of Manado, currently known as De La Salle University, in Indonesia with Josef Suwatan, Roman Catholic Bishop of Manado. On April 2004, he succeeded Andrew Gonzalez as the president of De La Salle University System, consequently making him the president of eight De La Salle institutions. He worked into establishing De La Salle Philippines (DLSP) which replaced the system. The DLSP National Mission Council appointed him DLSP President and Chief Executive Officer on November 29, 2005. He was appointed as the Secretary of Education of the Philippines since June 30, 2010, becoming the second De La Salle brother to hold the post—the other was Gonzalez who was in office from 1998 to 2001. Luistro has the least net worth among Aquino's cabinet. He had ₱89,000 (US$2,060). In contrast, the richest—Cesar Purisima who is Secretary of Finance—had ₱252 million (US$5.84 million). The Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT) have expressed skepticism over Luistro's stand on sex education citing his religious background. Nevertheless, the Department of Education has included sex education in its curriculum for grade 5 to fourth year high school. Roman Catholic groups have criticized it for allegedly not covering the emotional, psychological and spiritual dimensions of sexuality. Luistro is a major proponent of the K+12 Basic Education Program in the Philippines. The program seeks to add two years to the current 10-year basic education curriculum. Numerous parties have opposed the plan including Ateneo de Manila University President Bienvenido Nebres and progressive groups of students, teachers and parents.
The Ateneo de Manila University (Filipino: Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila; also referred to as "the Ateneo") is a private, coeducational, Roman Catholic, teaching and research university located in Quezon City, Philippines.
The term Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (354–430), applies to two separate types of Catholic religious orders, and to some Anglican religious orders.
Austronesians, Austronesian peoples or Austronesian-speaking peoples are various populations in Asia, Oceania and Africa that speak languages of the Austronesian family.
The bamboos are a subfamily (Bambusoideae) of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae.
A barangay (Brgy. or Bgy.; Filipino: baranggay,; also pronounced the same in Spanish), formerly called barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward.
Barrio is a Spanish word meaning neighborhood.
The Bicolanos are the fifth-largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.
A bolo (Tagalog: iták; Cebuano: sundáng; Hiligaynon: binangon) is a large cutting tool of Filipino origin similar to the machete.
Bulacan (PSGC:; '''ISO''': PH-BUL) is a first class province of the Philippines, located in the Central Luzon Region (Region III) in the island of Luzon, 11 km north of Metropolitan Manila (the nation's capital), and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region.
The carabao is a swamp type domestic water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) found in the Philippines.
Castile is a Spanish historical region of vague borders, which is the result of a gradual merge of the Kingdom of Castile with its neighbours to become the Crown of Castile and later the Kingdom of Spain when united with the Crown of Aragon and the Kingdom of Navarre.
A catechism (from κατηχέω, to teach orally), is a summary or exposition of doctrine and served as a learning introduction to the Sacraments traditionally used in catechesis, or Christian religious teaching of children and adult converts.
Cebu (or; Lalawigan sa Sugbo, Lalawigan ng Cebu) is an island province in the Philippines, consisting of the main island itself and 167 surrounding islands and islets.
Cebu City, officially the City of Cebu (Dakbayan sa Sugbo, Lungsod ng Cebu, Ciudad de Cebú, Kota Sugbu), is the capital city of the province of Cebu and is the "second city" of the Philippines, being the center of Metro Cebu, the second most populous metropolitan area in the Philippines after Metro Manila.
The Cebuano people (Cebuano: Sugbuanon) are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is Cebuano, an Austronesian language native to the Central Visayas which is also the lingua franca of Mindanao.
Chavacano or Chabacano is a Spanish-based creole language spoken in the Philippines.
Chinese Filipinos (Hokkien: Huâ-hui; Cantonese: Wàhfèi; Tagalog/Filipino: Intsik (pronounced) (or "Tsinoy", pronounced) are Filipinos of Chinese descent, mostly born and raised in the Philippines. Chinese Filipinos are one of the largest overseas Chinese communities in Southeast Asia. Sangleys—Filipinos with at least some Chinese ancestry—comprise 18-27% of the Philippine population. There are roughly 1.5 million Filipinos with pure Chinese ancestry, or just 1.6% of the population. Chinese Filipinos are represented in all levels of Philippine society and are integrated politically and economically. Chinese Filipinos are present within several commerce and business sectors in the Philippines and a few sources estimate companies which comprise a significant portion of the Philippine economy are owned by Chinese Filipinos, if one includes Sangleys.
The Chinese yo-yo is a toy from China consisting of two equally sized discs connected with a long axle.
A city (lungsod or siyudad) is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.
Colegio de San Juan de Letran, (CSJL, Dalubhasaan ng San Juan de Letran, colloquially, "Letran") is a private Roman Catholic Dominican institution of learning located in Intramuros, Manila, in the Philippines.
The compadre (literally "co-father" or "co-parent") relationship between the parents and godparents of a child is an important bond that originates when a child is baptized in Iberian and Latin American families.
The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batás ng Pilipinas, Constitución de Filipinas), popularly known as the 1987 Constitution, is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines.
The corrido is a popular narrative song and poetry form, a ballad.
The Criollo (or "creole" people) were a social class in the caste system of the overseas colonies established by Spain in the 16th century, especially in Hispanic America, comprising the locally born people of confirmed Spanish ancestry.
A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state (such as the president of a republic or a monarch), according to certain procedures (usually established in a constitution).
Demonization or Demonisation is the reinterpretation of polytheistic deities as evil, lying demons by other religions, generally monotheistic and henotheistic ones.
The Department of Education (abbreviated as DepEd; Kagawaran ng Edukasyon) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to, promoting equity in, and improving the quality of basic education.
The Diccionario de la lengua española, also known as the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española (DRAE), is the authoritative dictionary of the Spanish language.
Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was the ninth President of the Philippines, serving from 1961 to 1965, and the sixth Vice-President, serving from 1957 to 1961.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, hence the abbreviation OP used by members), more commonly known after the 15th century as the Dominican Order or Dominicans, is a Roman Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Saint Dominic de Guzman in France and approved by Pope Honorius III (1216–27) on 22 December 1216.
e-Dyario is the first Spanish digital newspaper based in the Philippines established in Manila on 2010 and made by Filipino journalists.
During the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines (1521–1898), the culture of the archipelago experienced a major transformation from a variety of native Asian and Islamic cultures and traditions, including animist religious practices, to a unique hybrid of Southeast Asian and Western culture, particularly Spanish, including the Spanish language and the Catholic faith.
El Filibusterismo (lit. Spanish for "The Filibustering"), also known by its English alternate title The Reign of Greed, is the second novel written by Philippine national hero José Rizal.
Emilio Famy Aguinaldo (March 23, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino revolutionary and politician who is officially recognized as the First President of the Philippines (1899–1901) and led Philippine forces first against Spain in the latter part of the Philippine Revolution (1896–1897), and then in the Spanish–American War (1898), and finally against the United States during the Philippine–American War (1899–1901).
False friends are words in two languages (or letters in two alphabets) that look or sound similar, but differ significantly in meaning.
Filipinas, Ahora Mismo, or Pilipinas, Ora Mismo (English translation: Philippines, Right Now), was a nationally syndicated, 60-minute, cultural radio magazine program in the Philippines broadcast daily in Spanish for five seasons from March 2007 to September 2009.
Filipino is the standard register of the Tagalog language and the national language of the Philippines, sharing official status with the English language.
Filipino nationalism began with an upsurge of patriotic sentiments and nationalistic ideals in the 1800s Philippines that came as a consequence of more than three centuries of Spanish rule.
Spanish Filipinos are Filipino people whose racial make-up contains either of full or partial Spanish ancestry.
The Philippine Republic (República Filipina, Republika ng Pilipinas), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a short-lived nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.
Franciscans are people and groups (religious orders) who adhere to the teachings and spiritual disciplines of St Francis of Assisi and of his main associates and followers, such as St Clare of Assisi, St Anthony of Padua, and St Elizabeth of Hungary, among many others.
Gaspar Aquino de Belén was a Filipino poet and translator of the 17th century, known for authoring a 1704 rendition of the Pasyon: a famous poetic narrative of the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus, which has circulated in many versions.
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is a Filipino politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010, as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, and as member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga since 2010.
Graciano López Jaena (December 18, 1856 – January 20, 1896) was a journalist, orator, revolutionary, and national hero from Iloilo, the Philippines, who is well known for his newspaper, La Solidaridad.
A hand-held fan is an implement used to induce an airflow for the purpose of cooling or refreshing oneself.
Hegemony (or, or; ἡγεμονία hēgemonía, "leadership, rule") is the political, economic, or military predominance or control of one state over others.
Henry Jones Ford (1851–1925) was a political scientist, journalist, university professor, and government official.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as Chinese hibiscus, China rose, Hawaiian hibiscus, and shoeblackplant, is a species of tropical hibiscus, a flowering plant in the Hibisceae tribe of the family Malvaceae, native to East Asia.
Hispanic America or Spanish America (Hispanoamérica, América española, or América hispana) is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas.
Hispanophone (hispanohablantes, hispanoparlantes or hispanófono; also castellanohablantes, castellanoparlantes, or castellanófonos) or Hispanosphere denotes Spanish language speakers and the Spanish-speaking world.
Historiography refers to both the study of the methodology of historians and development of history as a discipline, and also to a body of historical work on a particular subject.
Malay is a major language of the Austronesian language family.
This article covers the history of the Philippines from 1521 to 1898, known as the Spanish Colonial Time.
Horacio de la Costa (May 9, 1916 – March 20, 1977) was the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines, and a recognized authority in Philippine and Asian culture and history.
The Ilocano (Ilokano) or Iloko people are the third largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.
The Ilustrados (Spanish for "erudite," "learned," or "enlightened ones") constituted the Filipino educated class during the Spanish colonial period in the late 19th century.
Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as blady grass, cogon grass, kunai grass, or Japanese bloodgrass, is a species of grass in the genus Imperata.
Independence Day (Filipino: Araw ng Kasarinlan; also known as Araw ng Kalayaan, (or "Day of Freedom") is an annual national holiday in the Philippines observed on June 12, commemorating the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. Since 1962, it has been the country's National Day.
The Cervantes Institute is a worldwide non-profit organization created by the Spanish government in 1991.
Intramuros (Spanish, "within the walls") is the oldest district and historic core of Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
Isabella II (Isabel II; 10 October 1830 – 10 April 1904) was queen regnant of Spain from 1833 until 1868.
Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
The Japanese occupation of the Philippines occurred between 1942 and 1945, when the Empire of Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II.
Japanese settlement in the Philippines refers to the branch of the Japanese diaspora having historical contact with and having established themselves in what is now the Philippines.
Jasmine (taxonomic name Jasminum) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae).
Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to a small region in the eastern Himalayas in Bhutan and neighbouring India. It is cultivated in many places, especially across much of South and Southeast Asia. It is naturalised in many scattered locales: Mauritius, Madagascar, the Maldives, Cambodia, Java, Christmas Island, Chiapas, Central America, southern Florida, the Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the Lesser Antilles. Jasminum sambac is a small shrub or vine growing up to in height. It is widely cultivated for its attractive and sweetly fragrant flowers. The flowers are also used for perfumes and for making tea. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of Indonesia, where it is known as melati putih.
Jesús Balmori (January 10, 1887 – May 23, 1948) was a Filipino Spanish language journalist, playwright, and poet.
José Protasio Mercado Rizal y Alonso Realonda or popularly known as José Rizal (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) was a Filipino nationalist during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines.
Juan Carlos (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born 5 January 1938) reigned as King of Spain from 1975 to 2014, when he abdicated in favour of his son, Felipe VI.
A kora-kora or kora kora or coracora is a traditional canoe from the Maluku (Moluccas) Islands, Indonesia.
La Solidaridad (The Solidarity) was an organization created in Spain on December 13, 1888.
Land registration generally describes systems by which matters concerning ownership, possession or other rights in land can be recorded (usually with a government agency or department) to provide evidence of title, facilitate transactions and to prevent unlawful disposal.
The Latin Union is a defunct international organization of nations that use Romance languages, with the aim of protecting, projecting, and promoting the common cultural heritage of Latin peoples and unifying identities of the Latin, and Latin-influenced, world.
A lingua franca (plural lingua francas), also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language or vehicular language, is a language or dialect systematically (as opposed to occasionally, or casually) used to make communication possible between persons not sharing a native language or dialect, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both native languages.
A loanword (or loan word or loan-word) is a word borrowed from a donor language and incorporated into a recipient language without translation.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
Madrid is a south-western European city and the capital and largest municipality of Spain.
Malolos, officially the City of Malolos (Filipino: Lungsod ng Malolos), is a first class urban component city in the Philippines.
The Malolos Congress or formally known as the "National Assembly" of representatives was the constituent assembly of the First Philippine Republic.
The Political Constitution of 1899 (Constitución Política de 1899), informally known as the Malolos Constitution, was the basic law of the First Philippine Republic.
A mammary gland is an organ in female mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring.
Manila (Philippine English:; Maynilà) is the capital city of the Philippines.
Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944.
Manuel Acuña Róxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the fifth President of the Philippines who served from 1946 until his death in 1948.
Marcelo Hilario del Pilar y Gatmaitán (August 30, 1850 – July 4, 1896), better known by his pen name Plaridel,.
Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
Mexico City (Ciudad de México, officially known as México, D. F., or simply D. F.) is the federal district (distrito federal), capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the union.
Miguel López de Legazpi – On Miguel Lopez de Legazpi vs Manuel de Legazpi: Stanley Karnow erroneously used the name "Manuel de Legazpi" to refer to Miguel Lopez de Legazpi at the Cast of Principal Characters, The Spanish section of his book on page 446, however the Index and the entirety of the book solely used the name "Miguel Lopez de Legazpi"; Karnow also mistakenly used the year "1871" (as the founding year of Manila as a capital) at the Cast of Principal Characters, The Spanish section, but the rest of the book used "1571", specifically on pages 43–47, 49, and 485 (c. 1502 – August 20, 1572), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East Indies when his expedition crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in modern-day Mexico, and founded Cebu on the Philippine Islands in 1565.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care and economic development.
The Moro people is a population of indigenous Muslims in the Philippines, forming the largest non-Catholic group in the country, and comprising about 5.1% of the total Philippine population.
The Moro Rebellion (1899–1913) was an armed conflict between Moro Indigenous Ethnic groups and the United States military which took place on Mindanao, Sulu, and Palawan (Minsupala) in the Philippines but is unconnected to the Spanish–American War in 1898.
A municipality (bayan; munisipalidad; Kapampangan: balen; balayan; Cebuano: lungsod; Hiligaynon: banwa; Bikol: banwaan; Ilocano: Ili; Waray: bungto) is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.
There are two names given in Spanish to the Spanish language: español ("Spanish") and castellano ("Castilian").
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song etc.) is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
The National Historical Commission of the Philippines (Pambansang Komisyong Pangkasaysayan ng Pilipinas, abbreviated NHCP) is part of the government of the Philippines.
New Spain (Nueva España) was the colony comprising Spain's possessions in the New World north of the Isthmus of Panama.
Noli Me Tángere (Latin for Touch Me Not) is a novel written by José Rizal, considered as one of the national heroes of the Philippines, during the colonization of the country by Spain to expose the inequities of the Spanish Catholic priests and the ruling government.
Nypa fruticans, commonly known as the nipa palm, is a species of palm native to the coastlines and estuarine habitats of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
Old Spanish, also known as Old Castilian (castellano antiguo, romance castellano) or Medieval Spanish (español medieval), is an early form of the Spanish language that was spoken on the Iberian Peninsula from the 10th century until roughly the beginning of the 15th century, before a consonantal readjustment gave rise to the evolution of modern Spanish.
Palenque (Yucatec Maya: Bàakʼ /ɓàːkʼ/), also anciently known as Lakamha (literally: "Big Water"), was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century.
Palm wine is an alcoholic beverage created from the sap of various species of palm tree such as the palmyra, date palms, and coconut palms.
The papaya (from Carib via Spanish), papaw, or pawpaw (is the fruit of the plant Carica papaya, and is one of the 22 accepted species in the genus Carica of the plant family Caricaceae. It is native to the tropics of the Americas, perhaps from southern Mexico and neighbouring Central America. It was first cultivated in Mexico several centuries before the emergence of the Mesoamerican classical civilizations. The papaya is a large, tree-like plant, with a single stem growing from tall, with spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk. The lower trunk is conspicuously scarred where leaves and fruit were borne. The leaves are large, in diameter, deeply palmately lobed, with seven lobes. Unusually for such large plants, the trees are dioecious. The tree is usually unbranched, unless lopped. The flowers are similar in shape to the flowers of the Plumeria, but are much smaller and wax-like. They appear on the axils of the leaves, maturing into large fruit - long and in diameter. The fruit is a type of berry. It is ripe when it feels soft (as soft as a ripe avocado or a bit softer) and its skin has attained an amber to orange hue. Carica papaya was the first transgenic fruit tree to have its genome deciphered.
The Pasyón (Pasión) is a Philippine epic narrative of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
In the colonial caste system of Spanish America and Spanish Philippines, a peninsular (pl. peninsulares) was a Spanish-born Spaniard residing in the New World or the Spanish East Indies, as opposed to those of full Spanish descent born in overseas Spanish possessions, who were known as criollos.
The Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language (Akademyáng Pilipino ng Wikang Kastilà) is the main Spanish-language regulating body in the Philippines.
In linguistics, the Philippine languages are a 1991 proposal by Robert Blust that all the languages of the Philippines and northern Sulawesi—except Sama–Bajaw (languages of the "Sea Gypsies") and a few languages of Palawan—form a subfamily of Austronesian languages.
Philippine literature is the literature associated with the Philippines and includes the legends of prehistory, and the colonial legacy of the Philippines.
Philippine literature in Spanish (Literatura Filipina en Castellano) is a body of literature made by Filipino writers in the Spanish language.
The Philippine peso (Filipino: piso; sign: ₱; code: PHP), also referred to as peso, is the official currency of the Philippines.
During the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines there were several revolts against the Spanish colonial government by indigenous Moro, Lumad, Indians, Chinese and Insulares, often with the goal of re-establishing the rights and powers that had traditionally belonged to Lumad Timawa, Maginoo Rajah, Moro Datus, Chinese settler traders and even foreign Criollo Settlers.
The Philippine Revolution (called the Tagalog War by the Spanish) (Filipino: Himagsikang Pilipino) was fought between the people of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities.
Philippine Spanish is a near-extinct dialect of Spanish in the Philippines.
The Philippine–American War (Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense) (Filipino/Tagalog: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano) (1899–1902) was an armed conflict between the United States and Philippine revolutionaries.
Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day ('Día de la Amistad entre España y Filipinas' or 'Día de la Amistad Hispano-Filipina') celebrates the strong links between the Republic of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Spain every June 30.
The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.
The Philippines campaign of 1944–45, (Operation Musketeer I, II, and III) the Battle of the Philippines 1944–45, or the Liberation of the Philippines was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines, during World War II.
A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, a mixture of simplified languages or a simplified primary language with other languages' elements included.
Seaside pleasure pier in Brighton, England. The first seaside piers were built in England in the early 19th century A pier is a raised structure typically supported by well-spaced piles or pillars.
Piracy is typically an act of robbery or criminal violence at sea.
Popular culture or pop culture is the entirety of ideas, perspectives, attitudes, images, and other phenomena that are within the mainstream of a given culture, especially Western culture of the early to mid 20th century and the emerging global mainstream of the late 20th and early 21st century.
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
The Propaganda Movement was a period of time when insulares (Filipinos) were calling for reforms, lasting approximately from 1868 to 1898 with the most activity between 1880-1895.
Puto is a type of steamed rice cake in Philippine cuisine and believed to be derived from Indian puttu of Tamil origin.
Queen Sofía (Σοφία; formerly Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark, born 2 November 1938) is the wife of King Juan Carlos I. Born a Greek princess, she became Queen of Spain upon her husband's accession in 1975.
The Real Academia Española (English: Royal Spanish Academy), generally abbreviated as RAE, is the official royal institution responsible for overseeing the Spanish language.
Philippine Republic Day, also known as Filipino-American Friendship Day, is a commemoration in the Philippines held annually on 4 July.
The Republic of Negros (República de Negros, Republica sang Negros) was a short-lived revolutionary republic, and later, administrative division, which existed while the Philippines was under Spanish and American sovereignty.
The Republic of Zamboanga officially known as The Independent Republic of Zamboanga (Zamboangueño Chavacano and Spanish: La Independiente República de Zamboanga) was a short-lived revolutionary republic, founded after the collapse of Spanish colonial rule in Zamboanga in 1899.
The Russian language in Ukraine is the most common first language in the Donbass and Crimea regions, and the predominant language in large cities in the East and South of the country.
Sangley (Sangleye, Sangley Mestizo, Mestisong Sangley, Mestizo de Sangley or Chinese mestizo; plural: Sangleys or Sangleyes), is an archaic term used in the Philippines beginning in the Spanish Colonial Period to describe and classify a person of pure Chinese ancestry.
Sawali refers to woven split bamboo mats used in the Philippines to construct walls.
Sergio Osmeña, PLH, better known as Sergio Osmeña, Sr. (9 September 1878 – 19 October 1961) was a Filipino politician who served as the fourth President of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946.
The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu, S.J., SJ or SI) is a male religious congregation of the Catholic Church.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio español) was one of the largest empires in world history and one of the first of global extent.
Spanish influence on Filipino culture (Influencia hispánica en la cultura filipina) are customs and traditions of the Philippines which originated from three centuries of Spanish colonisation.
Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
The Spanish language is the second most spoken language in the United States.
A number of creole languages are based on the Spanish language.
The Spanish–American War (Guerra hispano-estadounidense) was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States, the result of U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.
State schools (also known as public schools, though not in EnglandIn England, some independent schools for 13-18 year-olds are known for historical reasons as 'public schools'.) generally refer to primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation.
The Taft Commission, also known as Second Philippine Commission (Filipino: Ikalawang Komisyon ng Pilipinas) was established by United States President William McKinley on March 16, 1900 following the recommendations of the First Philippine Commission.
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.
The Tagalog are a major ethnic group in the Philippines.
Tornatrás is an outdated term used in Spain to describe a person of mixed European and albino ancestry or a descendant of mestizos and specific characteristics of one of the original races.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops in the western part of the North Pacific Ocean between 180° and 100°E.
In the Philippines, tropical cyclones (typhoons) are called bagyo.
The Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines, was officially formed a few weeks after September 3, 1998.
The University of San Carlos (USC) is a private Catholic university in Cebu City which is administered and managed by the Society of the Divine Word since 1935.
The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, or simply the University of Santo Tomas (UST), is a private, Roman Catholic research university in Manila, Philippines.
Don Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, Marquis of Tenerife, Duke of Rubí, Grandee of Spain, (September 17, 1838 – October 20, 1930) was a Spanish general and colonial administrator.
The Visayan or Bisaya languages of the Philippines, along with Tagalog and Bikol, are part of the Central Philippine languages.
The voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant fricative or voiceless domed postalveolar sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, including English.
xwú7mesh men in Burrard Inlet.
The Waray are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is Waray-Waray, an Austronesian language native to the islands of Samar, Leyte and Biliran, which together comprise the Eastern Visayan region of the Philippines.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
Zamboanga City (Zamboangueño Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga) is a highly urbanized city located in Mindanao, Philippines.
Zamboanga Peninsula (Filipino: Tangway ng Sambuwangga) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as "Region IX".
The Zamboangueño people are a Filipino ethnic group native to Zamboanga.
The Zóbel de Ayala clan is a Filipino business family of German-Spanish ancestry, founders of Ayala y Compañía (now Ayala Corporation) and the Premio Zóbel literary awards.
Bamboo Spanish, Bamboo Spanish language, Castilian language in the Philippines, History of Spanish in the Philippines, History of the Castilian language in the Philippines, History of the Spanish language in the Philippines, Insular Spanish, N-Filipino, N-Filipinos, N-filipino, N-filipinos, Spanish Language in the Philippines, Spanish in the Philippines, Ñ-Filipino, Ñ-Filipinos, Ñ-filipino, Ñ-filipinos.