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Spar (aeronautics)

Index Spar (aeronautics)

In a fixed-wing aircraft, the spar is often the main structural member of the wing, running spanwise at right angles (or thereabouts depending on wing sweep) to the fuselage. [1]

69 relations: Aerobatics, Aerodynamics, Aileron, Airfoil, Airliner, Airspeed, Airworthiness, Alexander Schleicher, Aluminium, Andrei Tupolev, Bede BD-5, Biplane, Bracing (aeronautics), Cantilever, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Cessna 310, Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101, Chord (aeronautics), Control reversal, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Dihedral (aeronautics), Dry rot, Duralumin, Extra EA-300, Fatigue (material), Federal Aviation Administration, Fiberglass, Fixed-wing aircraft, Ford Trimotor, Fuselage, General aviation, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, Geodetic airframe, Glider (sailplane), Homebuilt aircraft, Hugo Junkers, Inertia, Jig (tool), Jim Bede, Junkers J.I, Kevlar, Lift (force), Load factor (aeronautics), Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, Mach number, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Moment of inertia, Monoplane, Rib (aeronautics), ..., Rivet, Robin DR400, Scaled Composites, Schempp-Hirth, Schleicher ASG 29, Spruce, Stressed skin, Supermarine Spitfire, Swept wing, Tailplane, Thrust, Tupolev ANT-2, Tupolev ANT-20, Vertical stabilizer, Vickers Wellington, Washout (aeronautics), William Bushnell Stout, Wingspan, World War I. Expand index (19 more) »


Aerobatics (a portmanteau of aerial-acrobatics) is the practice of flying maneuvers involving aircraft attitudes that are not used in normal flight.

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Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.

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An aileron (French for "little wing" or "fin") is a hinged flight control surface usually forming part of the trailing edge of each wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.

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An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

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An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.

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Airspeed is the speed of an aircraft relative to the air.

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Airworthiness is the measure of an aircraft's suitability for safe flight.

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Alexander Schleicher

Alexander Schleicher (May 22, 1901 – April 26, 1968) was a German pioneer of sailplane design.

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Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Andrei Tupolev

Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev (Андрей Николаевич Туполев; November 10, 1888 – December 23, 1972) was a pioneering Soviet aircraft designer.

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Bede BD-5

The Bede BD-5 Micro is a series of small, single-seat homebuilt aircraft created in the late 1960s by US aircraft designer Jim Bede and introduced to the market primarily in kit form by the now-defunct Bede Aircraft Corporation in the early 1970s.

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A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

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Bracing (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.

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A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.

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Carbon fiber reinforced polymer

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.

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Cessna 310

The Cessna 310 is an American four-to-six-seat, low-wing, twin-engined monoplane produced by Cessna between 1954 and 1980.

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Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101

Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101 was an aircraft crash that occurred off Miami Beach, Florida, in the United States on December 19, 2005.

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Chord (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.

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Control reversal

Control reversal is an adverse effect on the controllability of aircraft.

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Curtiss P-40 Warhawk

The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.

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Dihedral (aeronautics)

Dihedral angle is the upward angle from horizontal of the wings or tailplane of a fixed-wing aircraft.

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Dry rot

Dry rot is wood decay caused by certain species of fungi that digest parts of the wood which give the wood strength and stiffness.

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Duralumin (also called duraluminum, duraluminium, duralum, dural(l)ium, or dural) is a trade name for one of the earliest types of age-hardenable aluminium alloys.

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Extra EA-300

The Extra Flugzeugbau EA300 is a two-seat aerobatic monoplane capable of Unlimited category competition.

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Fatigue (material)

In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.

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Federal Aviation Administration

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

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Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.

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Fixed-wing aircraft

A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.

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Ford Trimotor

The Ford Trimotor (also called the "Tri-Motor", and nicknamed "The Tin Goose") is an American three-engined transport aircraft.

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The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.

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General aviation

General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.

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General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon

The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).

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Geodetic airframe

A geodesic (or geodetic) airframe is a type of construction for the airframes of aircraft developed by British aeronautical engineer Barnes Wallis in the 1930s.

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Glider (sailplane)

A glider or sailplane is a type of glider aircraft used in the leisure activity and sport of gliding.

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Homebuilt aircraft

Homebuilt aircraft, also known as amateur-built aircraft or kit planes, are constructed by persons for whom this is not a professional activity.

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Hugo Junkers

Hugo Junkers (3 February 1859 – 3 February 1935) was a German aircraft engineer and aircraft designer.

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Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its position and state of motion.

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Jig (tool)

A jig is a type of custom-made tool used to control the location and/or motion of parts or other tools.

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Jim Bede

James R. Bede (April 17, 1933 – July 9, 2015) was an American aircraft designer.

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Junkers J.I

The Junkers J.I (manufacturer's designation J 4) was a German "J-class" armored sesquiplane of World War I, developed for low-level ground attack, observation and Army cooperation.

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Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.

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Lift (force)

A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.

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Load factor (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, the load factor is defined as the ratio of the lift of an aircraft to its weightHurt, page 37 and represents a global measure of the stress ("load") to which the structure of the aircraft is subjected: where: Since the load factor is the ratio of two forces, it is dimensionless.

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Lockheed F-104 Starfighter

The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter is a single-engine, supersonic interceptor aircraft which later became widely used as an attack aircraft.

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Mach number

In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.

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McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle

The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.

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McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II

The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.

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Moment of inertia

The moment of inertia, otherwise known as the angular mass or rotational inertia, of a rigid body is a tensor that determines the torque needed for a desired angular acceleration about a rotational axis; similar to how mass determines the force needed for a desired acceleration.

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A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.

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Rib (aeronautics)

In an aircraft, ribs are forming elements of the structure of a wing, especially in traditional construction.

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A rivet is a permanent mechanical fastener.

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Robin DR400

The Robin DR400 is a wooden sport monoplane, conceived by Pierre Robin and Jean Délémontez.

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Scaled Composites

Scaled Composites (often called simply Scaled) is an American aerospace company founded by Burt Rutan and currently owned by Northrop Grumman that is located at the Mojave Air and Space Port, Mojave, California, United States.

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Schempp-Hirth Flugzeugbau GmbH is a glider manufacturer based in Kirchheim unter Teck, Germany.

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Schleicher ASG 29

The Schleicher ASG 29 is a German sailplane in production by Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co since 2006.

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A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.

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Stressed skin

In mechanical engineering, stressed skin is a type of rigid construction, intermediate between monocoque and a rigid frame with a non-loaded covering.

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Supermarine Spitfire

The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.

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Swept wing

A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.

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A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.

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Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.

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Tupolev ANT-2

The ANT-2 was Tupolev Opytnoye Konstruktorskoye Buro's first all-metal aircraft.

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Tupolev ANT-20

The Tupolev ANT-20 Maksim Gorki (Туполев АНТ-20 "Максим Горький") was a Soviet eight-engine aircraft, the largest of the 1930s.

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Vertical stabilizer

The vertical stabilizers, vertical stabilisers, or fins, of aircraft, missiles or bombs are typically found on the aft end of the fuselage or body, and are intended to reduce aerodynamic side slip and provide direction stability.

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Vickers Wellington

The Vickers Wellington was a British twin-engined, long-range medium bomber.

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Washout (aeronautics)

Washout is a characteristic of aircraft wing design which deliberately reduces the lift distribution across the span of an aircraft’s wing.

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William Bushnell Stout

William Bushnell Stout (March 16, 1880 – March 20, 1956) was a pioneeringhttp://home.earthlink.net/~ralphcooper/biostout.htm American inventor, engineer, developer and designer whose works in the automotive and aviation fields were groundbreaking.

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The wingspan (or just span) of a bird or an airplane is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Redirects here:

Spar (aviation), Tubular spar, Wing spar.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spar_(aeronautics)

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