93 relations: Abrasive blasting, Albert Champion (cyclist), Alexander Lodge, Aluminium oxide, Étienne Lenoir, Brazing, British English, Carburetor, Cathode, Ceramic, Ceramic glaze, Champion (spark plug), Chromium, Combustion chamber, Copper, Corona discharge, Coso artifact, Cylinder head, Dielectric strength, Distributor, Electric spark, Electrode, Engine knocking, Feeler gauge, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, Fouling, François Isaac de Rivaz, Frederick Richard Simms, Fuel efficiency, Fuel injection, Furnace, Gas engine, Gauge (instrument), Glow plug (model engine), Glowplug, Gold, Gottlob Honold, Ground (electricity), Guinness family, Hardness, Heat, Honda Insight, Hot-tube ignitor, Ignition coil, Ignition magneto, Ignition system, Ignition timing, Insulator (electricity), Ionization, Iridium, ..., Iron, Kelvin, Kenelm Lee Guinness, Lightning, Mica, Nickel, Nikola Tesla, Ninja rocks, Noble metal, Oliver Lodge, Operating temperature, Palladium, Platinum, Polonium, Poppet valve, Porcelain, Power (physics), Pre-ignition, Radio frequency, Randomness, Resistor, Robert Bosch, Saab Direct Ignition, Screw thread, Seal (mechanical), Siemens, Silver, Sintering, Spark gap, Spark-ignition engine, Steel, Surface area, Temperature, Tetraethyllead, Thermionic emission, Throttle, Thunder, Torque, Tungsten, Wankel engine, Washer (hardware), Wasted spark, Yttrium. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
Abrasive blasting, more commonly known as sandblasting, is the operation of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface or remove surface contaminants.
Albert Champion (5 April 1878 Paris – 26 October 1927 Paris) was a French track bicycle racer who won the 1899 Paris–Roubaix.
Alexander Marshall Lodge (1881–1938) was an English inventor who did early work and held some patents on the spark plug.
Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.
Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir also known as Jean J. Lenoir (12 January 1822 – 4 August 1900) was a Belgian engineer who developed the internal combustion engine in 1858.
Brazing is a metal-joining process in which two or more metal items are joined together by melting and flowing a filler metal into the joint, the filler metal having a lower melting point than the adjoining metal.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
A carburetor (American English) or carburettor (British English; see spelling differences) is a device that mixes air and fuel for internal combustion engines in the proper ratio for combustion.
A cathode is the electrode from which a conventional current leaves a polarized electrical device.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
Ceramic glaze is an impervious layer or coating of a vitreous substance which has been fused to a ceramic body through firing.
Champion is an American brand of spark plug.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
A corona discharge is an electrical discharge brought on by the ionization of a fluid such as air surrounding a conductor that is electrically charged.
The Coso artifact is an object claimed by its discoverers to be a spark plug found encased in a lump of hard clay or rock on February 13, 1961, by Wallace Lane, Virginia Maxey and Mike Mikesell while they were prospecting for geodes near the town of Olancha, California, and long claimed as an example of an out-of-place artifact.
In an internal combustion engine, the cylinder head (often informally abbreviated to just head) sits above the cylinders on top of the cylinder block.
In physics, the term dielectric strength has the following meanings.
A distributor is an enclosed rotating shaft used in spark-ignition internal combustion engines that have mechanically-timed ignition.
An electric spark is an abrupt electrical discharge that occurs when a sufficiently high electric field creates an ionized, electrically conductive channel through a normally-insulating medium, often air or other gases or gas mixtures.
An electrode is an electrical conductor used to make contact with a nonmetallic part of a circuit (e.g. a semiconductor, an electrolyte, a vacuum or air).
Knocking (also knock,, spark knock, pinging or pinking) in spark-ignition internal combustion engines occurs when combustion of some of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder does not result from propagation of the flame front ignited by the spark plug, but one or more pockets of air/fuel mixture explode outside the envelope of the normal combustion front.
A feeler gauge is a tool used to measure gap widths.
The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is an American tire company founded by Harvey Firestone in 1900 to supply pneumatic tires for wagons, buggies, and other forms of wheeled transportation common in the era.
Fouling is the accumulation of unwanted material on solid surfaces to the detriment of function.
François Isaac de Rivaz (Paris, December 19, 1752 – Sion, July 30, 1828) was an inventor and a politician.
Frederick Richard Simms (12 August 1863 – 22 April 1944)M.I.M.E., M.I.A.E., M.I.Ae.E., M.S.E.; Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Member of the Institution of Automobile Engineers, Member of the Institution of Aeronautical Engineers, Member of the Society of Engineers was a British mechanical engineer, businessman, prolific inventor and motor industry pioneer.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
Fuel injection is the introduction of fuel in an internal combustion engine, most commonly automotive engines, by the means of an injector.
A furnace is a device used for high-temperature heating.
A gas engine is an internal combustion engine which runs on a gas fuel, such as coal gas, producer gas, biogas, landfill gas or natural gas.
A gauge or gage, in science and engineering, is a device used to make measurements or in order to display certain dimensional information.
A glow plug engine, or glow engine, is a type of small internal combustion engine typically used in model aircraft, model cars and similar applications.
A glowplug (alternatively spelled as glow plug or glow-plug) is a heating device used to aid starting diesel engines.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Gottlob Honold 1910 Gottlob Honold (26 August 1876 – 17 March 1923) was the leading engineer in the workshop of Robert Bosch and, with Bosch, was the inventor of the spark plug and the modern internal combustion engine, as well as headlights.
In electrical engineering, ground or earth is the reference point in an electrical circuit from which voltages are measured, a common return path for electric current, or a direct physical connection to the earth.
The Guinness family is an extensive aristocratic Anglo-Irish Protestant family noted for their accomplishments in brewing, banking, politics, and religious ministry.
Hardness is a measure of the resistance to localized plastic deformation induced by either mechanical indentation or abrasion.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
The Honda Insight is a hybrid electric vehicle that was manufactured and marketed by Honda in its first generation as a three-door, two passenger hatchback (1999–2006) and in its second generation as a five-door, five passenger hatchback (2009–2014).
A hot-tube ignitor was an early device that fit onto the cylinder head of an internal-combustion engine, used to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by means of a flame heating part of the tube red-hot.
An ignition coil (also called a spark coil) is an induction coil in an automobile's ignition system that transforms the battery's low voltage to the thousands of volts needed to create an electric spark in the spark plugs to ignite the fuel.
An ignition magneto, or high tension magneto, is a magneto that provides current for the ignition system of a spark-ignition engine, such as a petrol engine.
An ignition system generates a spark or heats an electrode to a high temperature to ignite a fuel-air mixture in spark ignition internal combustion engines oil-fired and gas-fired boilers, rocket engines, etc.
In a spark ignition internal combustion engine, Ignition timing refers to the timing, relative to the current piston position and crankshaft angle, of the release of a spark in the combustion chamber near the end of the compression stroke.
An electrical insulator is a material whose internal electric charges do not flow freely; very little electric current will flow through it under the influence of an electric field.
Ionization or ionisation, is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.
Iridium is a chemical element with symbol Ir and atomic number 77.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
Kenelm Edward Lee Guinness MBE (14 August 1887 – 10 April 1937) was an Irish-born racing driver of the 1910s and 1920s mostly associated with Sunbeam racing cars.
Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge that occurs typically during a thunderstorm.
The mica group of sheet silicate (phyllosilicate) minerals includes several closely related materials having nearly perfect basal cleavage.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
Ninja rocks are broken shards of spark plugs that are formed by smashing the ceramic portion of the spark plug with a hammer or other large object.
In chemistry, the noble metals are metals that are resistant to corrosion and oxidation in moist air (unlike most base metals).
Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge, (12 June 1851 – 22 August 1940) was a British physicist and writer involved in the development of, and holder of key patents for, radio.
An operating temperature is the temperature at which an electrical or mechanical device operates.
Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Polonium is a chemical element with symbol Po and atomic number 84.
A poppet valve (also called mushroom valve) is a valve typically used to control the timing and quantity of gas or vapour flow into an engine.
Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between.
In physics, power is the rate of doing work, the amount of energy transferred per unit time.
Pre-ignition (or preignition) in a spark-ignition engine is a technically different phenomenon from engine knocking, and describes the event wherein the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder ignites before the spark plug fires.
Radio frequency (RF) refers to oscillatory change in voltage or current in a circuit, waveguide or transmission line in the range extending from around twenty thousand times per second to around three hundred billion times per second, roughly between the upper limit of audio and the lower limit of infrared.
Randomness is the lack of pattern or predictability in events.
A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element.
Robert Bosch (23 September 1861 – 12 March 1942) was a German industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH.
Saab Direct Ignition is a capacitor discharge ignition developed by Saab Automobile, then known as Saab-Scania, and Mecel AB during the 1980s.
A screw thread, often shortened to thread, is a helical structure used to convert between rotational and linear movement or force.
A mechanical seal is a device that helps join systems or mechanisms together by preventing leakage (e.g. in a plumbing system), containing pressure, or excluding contamination.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Clinker nodules produced by sintering Sintering is the process of compacting and forming a solid mass of material by heat or pressure without melting it to the point of liquefaction.
A spark gap consists of an arrangement of two conducting electrodes separated by a gap usually filled with a gas such as air, designed to allow an electric spark to pass between the conductors.
A spark-ignition engine (SI engine) is an internal combustion engine, generally a petrol engine, where the combustion process of the air-fuel mixture is ignited by a spark from a spark plug.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
The surface area of a solid object is a measure of the total area that the surface of the object occupies.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Tetraethyllead (commonly styled tetraethyl lead), abbreviated TEL, is an organolead compound with the formula (CH3CH2)4Pb.
Thermionic emission is the thermally induced flow of charge carriers from a surface or over a potential-energy barrier.
A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by the constriction or obstruction.
Thunder is the sound caused by lightning.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
The Wankel engine is a type of internal combustion engine using an eccentric rotary design to convert pressure into rotating motion.
A washer is a thin plate (typically disk-shaped) with a hole (typically in the middle) that is normally used to distribute the load of a threaded fastener, such as a Bolt or nut.
The wasted spark system is an ignition system used in some four-stroke cycle internal combustion engines.
Yttrium is a chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39.