254 relations: ABC News (Australia), Abu Sayyaf, Accuracy International Arctic Warfare, Airfield Defence Guards, Al Asad Airbase, Al-Qaeda, Alfredo Reinado, Andrew Hastie (politician), Armoured personnel carrier, Australia, Australian Army, Australian Army Reserve, Australian Army Training Team Vietnam, Australian commandos, Australian contribution to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Australian honours system, Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform, Australian National University, Australian Secret Intelligence Service, Ayman al-Zawahiri, Barrett M82, Battalion, Battle honour, Battle of Aidabasalala, Battle of Same, Bình Tuy Province, BBC Online, Ben Roberts-Smith, Beret, Biên Hòa Province, Bindoon, Western Australia, Blaser R93 Tactical, Borneo, Bougainville Island, Campbell Barracks (Western Australia), Cape Agulhas, Captain (armed forces), Chief of the Defence Force (Australia), Christmas Island, Clearance Diving Branch (RAN), Close air support, Close Quarters Battle Receiver, Coastwatchers, Combat search and rescue, Commando, Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2002, Coolum Beach, Queensland, Counter-insurgency, Counter-terrorism, ..., David Hurley, Defence of Australia policy, Demobilisation of the Australian military after World War II, Dili, Diplomatic immunity, Divex, Dogs in warfare, Douglas Wood (engineer), Duncan Lewis, East Timor, East Timorese independence referendum, 1999, Excalibur, Fairfax Media, FCU UNTAC, FGM-148 Javelin, Fiji, Fire support base, FN MAG, FN Minimi, Free Papua Movement, George W. Bush, Glock, Gulf War, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Heckler & Koch HK417, Heckler & Koch MP5, Heckler & Koch USP, Helicopter, Helmand River, High-altitude military parachuting, History of Bougainville, HMAS Brunei (L 127), HMAS Kanimbla (L 51), Hugh White (strategist), Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, International Force East Timor, Jemaah Islamiyah, Jim Wallace (Australian activist), Joint Task Force Gold, Jordan, Kandahar, Kenya, Kevin Rudd, Kibeho massacre, Knight's Armament Company SR-25, Kopassus, Kuwait, Land mine, Landing zone, Lanyard, Libya, Libyan Civil War (2011), Lili Marleen, List of military special forces units, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Long Khánh Province, Long Range Patrol Vehicle, Long-range reconnaissance patrol, M Special Unit, M113 armored personnel carrier, M2 Browning, M4 carbine, M72 LAW, Malayan Emergency, Malaysia, Mark Donaldson, Medal for Gallantry, Meritorious Unit Citation, Michael Jeffery, Mike Hindmarsh, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam – Studies and Observations Group, Military history of Australia during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, Military history of Australia during the Vietnam War, Military history of Australia during the War in Afghanistan, Military history of Australia during World War II, Military intelligence, Minister for Defence (Australia), Minister for Foreign Affairs (Australia), Mk 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle, Mk 47 Striker, Mogadishu, Mortar (weapon), Multinational Force and Observers, MV Tampa, New Zealand Special Air Service, Newcastle, New South Wales, Nigeria, Night vision device, No. 9 Squadron RAAF, Northern Australia, Northern Iraq offensive (June 2014), Nui Dat, Oecusse, Operation Anaconda, Operation Astute, Operation Claret, Operation Desert Thunder, Operation Habitat, Operation Morris Dance, Operation Okra, Operation Quickstep, Operation Solace, Osama bin Laden, Parachute, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Patagonian toothfish, Patrol, Peacekeeping, Pentropic organisation, Perth, Phước Tuy Province, Philippines, Polaris Industries, Police tactical group, Pong Su incident, Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport, Presidential Unit Citation (United States), Private (rank), Queensland, Rebreather, Reconnaissance, Reduction in rank, Regiment, Regional Force Surveillance Units, Rick Burr, RMAF Butterworth, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Australian Regiment, Sabre squadron, SAS Protea, SC Group, September 11 attacks, Sergeant, Shah Wali Kot Offensive, Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, Somali Civil War, South Africa, South African Navy, South West Pacific Area (command), Southern Ocean, Special Air Service, Special Boat Service, Special forces, Special Forces (United States Army), Special operations, Special Operations Command (Australia), Special Operations Engineer Regiment (Australia), Special reconnaissance, Stephen Smith (Australian politician), Stirling Range, Stun grenade, Subic Bay, Submarine, Swan Island (Victoria), Swanbourne, Western Australia, Sydney Hilton Hotel bombing, Tactical assault group, Tail rotor, Taliban, Tampa affair, Tarinkot, The Canberra Times, The Happy Wanderer, The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975, The Sydney Morning Herald, Thermobaric weapon, Tim McOwan, Time (magazine), Togo, Townsville, Toyota Land Cruiser, Troop, Trooper (rank), Unimog, Unit Citation for Gallantry, United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, United Nations Mission in East Timor, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy SEALs, Urozgan Province, Victoria Cross for Australia, Viet Cong, Vietnam War, War crime, War on Terror, Western New Guinea, Western Sahara, Who Dares Wins, Xuyên Mộc District, Z Special Unit, Zimbabwe, 10th Mountain Division, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), 171st Aviation Squadron (Australia), 1997 clashes in Cambodia, 1999 East Timorese crisis, 1st Australian Task Force, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2006 East Timorese crisis, 2nd Commando Regiment (Australia), 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, 5th Aviation Regiment (Australia), 75th Ranger Regiment (United States), 8th/9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment. 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ABC News is a national news service in Australia produced by the News and Current Affairs division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Abu Sayyaf (جماعة أبو سياف;, ASG; Grupong Abu Sayyaf), unofficially known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Philippines Province, is a Jihadist militant and pirate group that follows the Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam based in and around Jolo and Basilan islands in the southwestern part of the Philippines, where for more than four decades, Moro groups have been engaged in an insurgency for an independent province in the country.
The Accuracy International Arctic Warfare rifle is a bolt-action sniper rifle designed and manufactured by the British company Accuracy International.
The Airfield Defence Guard (ADG) mustering of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) performs specialist ground defence tasks to protect air power assets from hostile ground action.
Ayn al-Asad Airbase is an Iraqi Armed Forces and United States armed forces base located in the Al Anbar Governorate of western Iraq.
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.
Alfredo Alves Reinado (11 November 1968 – 11 February 2008), sometimes spelled Reinhado, was a major in the military of Timor-Leste, the Timor Leste Defence Force (F-FDTL).
Andrew William Hastie (born 30 September 1982) is an Australian politician who serves as Chair of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security and as the Federal Member for Canning, WA in the Australian House of Representatives.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.
The Australian Army Reserve is a collective name given to the reserve units of the Australian Army.
The Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) was a specialist unit of military advisors of the Australian Army that operated during the Vietnam War.
The name commando has been applied to a variety of Australian special forces and light infantry units that have been formed since 1941–42.
The Howard Government supported the disarmament of Iraq during the Iraq disarmament crisis.
The Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) is the Australian Government statutory authority responsible for the management and sustainable use of fisheries resources and for combating illegal fishing activities in the Australian Fishing Zone that covers 8,148,250 square kilometres, the third largest in the world, and in Australia's Exclusive Economic Zone, which extends from 12 nautical miles to 200 nautical miles (370 km) from the coastline of Australia and its external territories, except where a maritime delimitation agreement exists with another state.
The Australian honours system consists of a number of orders, decorations, and medals through which the country's sovereign awards its citizens for actions or deeds that benefit the nation.
The Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform (AMCU) is the battledress camouflage pattern for the Australian Defence Force issued in 2014.
The Australian National University (ANU) is a national research university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia.
The Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) is Australia's foreign intelligence agency.
Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri (أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري, born June 19, 1951) is the current leader of Al-Qaeda and a current or former member and senior official of Islamist organizations which have orchestrated and carried out attacks in North America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
The Barrett M82, standardized by the U.S. military as the M107, is a recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel rifle developed by the American Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company.
A battalion is a military unit.
A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.
The Battle of Aidabasalala (16 October 1999) was a small but hard fought action during the 1999 East Timorese crisis between pro-Indonesian militia and a six-man Australian covert reconnaissance patrol from the Special Air Service Regiment (SASR) operating as part of the United Nations-mandated International Force for East Timor (INTERFET).
The Battle of Same (4 March 2007) was fought in the village of Same in Timor Leste, south of the capital Dili, between Australian Special Forces and Petitioner rebels under the command of Alfredo Reinado.
Bình Tuy Province was a province of South Vietnam.
BBC Online, formerly known as BBCi, is the BBC's online service.
Benjamin "Ben" Roberts-Smith, (born 1 November 1978) is an Australian businessman, former Australian Army soldier, and a recipient of the Victoria Cross for Australia (VC), the highest award in the Australian honours system.
A beret is a soft, round, flat-crowned hat, usually of woven, hand-knitted wool, crocheted cotton, wool felt, or acrylic fibre.
Biên Hòa) is a former province of South Vietnam originally formed in 1832 containing areas of Đồng Nai Province, Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province and Bình Phước Province with total area of over 17.000 km². In 1876 it was split to Bien Hoa, Thủ Dầu Một and Bà Rịa. On October 22, 1956 it was split to Bien Hoa, Long Khánh, Phước Long, Bình Long. On May 2, 1957 it contained four districts, Châu Thành Biên Hòa, Long Thành, Dĩ An and Tân Uyên. On January 23, 1959 Tân Uyên was separated and the rest became Phước Thành Province. Category:Former provinces of Vietnam Category:States and territories established in 1832 Category:Southeast (Vietnam).
Bindoon is a town from Perth city on the Great Northern Highway within the Shire of Chittering.
The Blaser R93 Tactical is a German sniper rifle, based on the Blaser R93 design.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea.
Campbell Barracks is an Australian Army base located in Swanbourne, a coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia.
Cape Agulhas (Cabo das Agulhas, "Cape of the Needles") is a rocky headland in Western Cape, South Africa.
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
The Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) is the professional head of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and the most senior uniformed military adviser to the Minister of Defence.
The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around south of Java and Sumatra and around north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of. Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and white Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion. The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors, but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899.
The Clearance Diving Branch is the diving unit of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) whose versatile role covers all spheres of military diving, and includes explosive ordnance disposal and maritime counter-terrorism.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
The Close Quarter Battle Receiver (CQBR) is a replacement upper receiver for the M4A1 Carbine, developed by the US Navy.
The Coastwatchers, also known as the Coast Watch Organisation, Combined Field Intelligence Service or Section C, Allied Intelligence Bureau, were Allied military intelligence operatives stationed on remote Pacific islands during World War II to observe enemy movements and rescue stranded Allied personnel.
Combat search and rescue (CSAR) are search and rescue operations that are carried out during war that are within or near combat zones.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2002 was the seventeenth Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Coolum Beach is a beachside town on the Sunshine Coast in Queensland, Australia and is also the beach around which the town is based.
A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency (COIN) can be defined as "comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes".
Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism.
General David John Hurley, (born 1953) is a former senior officer in the Australian Army and the 38th and current Governor of New South Wales.
The Defence of Australia Policy was Australia's dominant defence policy between 1972 and 1997.
The demobilisation of the Australian military after World War II involved discharging almost 600,000 men and women from the military, supporting their transition to civilian life and reducing the three armed services to peacetime strengths.
Dili (Portuguese/Tetum: Díli, Indonesian: Kota Dili), also known as “City of Peace”, is the capital, largest city, chief port, and commercial centre of Timor-Leste (East Timor).
Diplomatic immunity is a form of legal immunity that ensures diplomats are given safe passage and are considered not susceptible to lawsuit or prosecution under the host country's laws, but they can still be expelled.
Divex Ltd a subsidiary of James Fisher & Sons is a Scottish provider of diving equipment and related services.
Dogs in warfare have a long history starting in ancient times.
Douglas Wood (born 30 June 1941), is an Australian construction engineer who had worked with the American military, and was held hostage in Iraq for six weeks between May and June 2005, before being rescued.
Major General Duncan Edward Lewis (born 3 August 1953) is the current Director-General of Security of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO).
East Timor or Timor-Leste (Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.
An independence referendum was held in East Timor on 30 August 1999.
Excalibur, or Caliburn, is the legendary sword of King Arthur, sometimes also attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful sovereignty of Britain.
Fairfax Media Limited (formerly John Fairfax and Sons) is one of the largest media companies in Australia and New Zealand, with investments in newspaper, magazines, radio and digital properties.
FCU – UNTAC, the Force Communications Unit UNTAC (United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia), was the Australian component of the UNTAC mission in Cambodia.
The FGM-148 Javelin is an American man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank missile fielded to replace the M47 Dragon anti-tank missile in US service.
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
A fire support base (FSB, firebase or FB) is a temporary military encampment to provide artillery fire support to infantry operating in areas beyond the normal range of fire support from their own base camps.
The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.
The FN Minimi (short for Mini Mitrailleuse; "mini machine gun") is a Belgian 5.56mm Squad Automatic Weapon, or SAW developed by Fabrique Nationale (FN) in Herstal by Ernest Vervier.
The Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka - OPM) is an umbrella term for the independence movement established during 1965 in the West Papuan or West New Guinea territory which is currently being administrated by Indonesia as the provinces of Papua and West Papua, also formerly known as Papua, Irian Jaya and West Irian.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
The Glock pistol is a series of polymer-framed, short recoil-operated, locked-breech semi-automatic pistols designed and produced by Austrian Glock Ges.m.b.H..
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
The Territory of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsCIA World Factbook. Accessed 4 January 2009.
The Heckler & Koch HK417 is a battle rifle designed and manufactured by Heckler & Koch in Germany.
The Heckler & Koch MP5 (from Maschinenpistole 5, meaning Submachine gun 5) is a 9mm submachine gun, developed in the 1960s by a team of engineers from the German small arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) of Oberndorf am Neckar.
The USP (Universelle Selbstladepistole or "universal self-loading pistol") is a semi-automatic pistol developed in Germany by Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) of Oberndorf am Neckar as a replacement for the P7 series of handguns.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
The Helmand River (also spelled Helmend, Helmund, Hirmand; Pashto/Persian: هیرمند, هلمند Hīrmand, Helmand, Greek: Ἐτύμανδρος (Etýmandros), Latin: Erymandrus) is the longest river in Afghanistan and the primary watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin.
High-altitude military parachuting (or military free fall (MFF)) is a method of delivering military personnel, military equipment, and other military supplies from a transport aircraft at a high altitude via free-fall parachute insertion.
Bougainville is a province of Papua New Guinea.
BRP Ivatan (AT-298) is a ''Balikpapan''-class heavy landing craft operated by the Philippine Navy.
HMAS Kanimbla (L 51) was a ship operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
Hugh White (born 1953) is a Professor of Strategic Studies at the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre of the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia, long time defence and intelligence analyst, and author who has published works on military strategy and international relations.
The Indonesian–Malaysian confrontation or Borneo confrontation (also known by its Indonesian/Malay name, Konfrontasi) was a violent conflict from 1963–66 that stemmed from Indonesia's opposition to the creation of Malaysia.
The International Force East Timor (INTERFET) was a multinational non-United Nations peacemaking taskforce, organised and led by Australia in accordance with United Nations resolutions to address the humanitarian and security crisis that took place in East Timor from 1999–2000 until the arrival of UN peacekeepers.
Jemaah Islamiyah (الجماعة الإسلامية, al-Jamāʿah al-Islāmiyyah, meaning "Islamic Congregation", frequently abbreviated JI) is a Southeast Asian militant extremist Islamist rebel group dedicated to the establishment of an Islamic state in Southeast Asia.
James John Arundel Wallace, AM is a retired Australian Army officer and a current lobbyist on social issues.
Joint Task Force (JTF) Gold was the Australian Defence Force unit formed to provide security and general support for the 2000 Summer Olympics which was held in Sydney, Australia.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Kandahār or Qandahār (کندهار; قندهار; known in older literature as Candahar) is the second-largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 557,118.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957) is a former Australian politician who was the 26th Prime Minister of Australia, serving from December 2007 to June 2010 and again from June to September 2013.
The Kibeho massacre occurred in a camp for internally displaced persons near Kibeho, in south-west Rwanda on April 22, 1995.
The SR-25 (Stoner Rifle-25) is a designated marksman rifle and semi automatic sniper rifle designed by Eugene Stoner and manufactured by Knight's Armament Company.
Kopassus (a portmanteau of Komando Pasukan Khusus or "Special Forces Command") is an Indonesian Army (TNI-AD) special forces group that conducts special operations missions for the Indonesian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-insurgency, counter-terrorism, intelligence gathering and Special reconnaissance (SR).
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
In military terminology a landing zone (LZ) is an area where aircraft can land.
A lanyard is a cord or strap worn around the neck, shoulder, or wrist to carry such items as keys or identification cards.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
The first Libyan Civil War, also referred to as the Libyan Revolution or 17 February Revolution, was an armed conflict in 2011 in the North African country of Libya fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government.
"Lili Marleen" (also spelled "Lili Marlen", "Lilli Marlene", "Lily Marlene", "Lili Marlène" among others) is a German love song performed by Lale Andersen, which became popular during World War II throughout Europe and the Mediterranean among both Axis and Allied troops.
This is a list of active special forces (SF) or special operations forces (SOF) from militaries around the world.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
Long Khánh Province is former province in the Southeast Region (Đông Nam Bộ region) of former South Vietnam.
The Long Range Patrol Vehicle (LRPV) is a 6x6 patrol vehicle that was used by the Australian Special Air Service Regiment (SASR) in Afghanistan and Iraq.
A long-range reconnaissance patrol, or LRRP (pronounced "lurp"), is a small, heavily armed reconnaissance team that patrols deep in enemy-held territory.
M Special Unit, was a joint Allied special reconnaissance unit, part of the Services Reconnaissance Department, in the South West Pacific theatre of World War II.
The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC).
The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I by John Browning.
The M4 carbine is a shorter and lighter variant of the M16A2 assault rifle.
The M72 LAW (Light Anti-Tank Weapon, also referred to as the Light Anti-Armor Weapon or LAW as well as LAWS Light Anti-Armor Weapons System) is a portable one-shot 66-mm unguided anti-tank weapon.
The Malayan Emergency (Darurat Malaya) was a guerrilla war fought in pre- and post-independence Federation of Malaya, from 1948 until 1960.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mark Gregor Strang Donaldson, (born 2 April 1979) is an Australian soldier and a recipient of the Victoria Cross for Australia, the highest award in the Australian honours system.
The Medal for Gallantry (MG) is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the Australian Defence Force.
The Meritorious Unit Citation is a collective group decoration awarded to members of Australian military units.
Major General Philip Michael Jeffery (born 12 December 1937) is a retired senior Australian Army officer who was the 24th Governor-General of Australia, serving from 2003 to 2008, and the 30th Governor of Western Australia, serving from 1993 to 2000.
Major General Michael Simon "Mike" Hindmarsh (born 1956) is a retired senior officer of the Australian Army who currently occupies a senior position within the Army of the United Arab Emirates.
Military Assistance Command, Vietnam – Studies and Observations Group (MACV-SOG) was a highly classified, multi-service United States special operations unit which conducted covert unconventional warfare operations prior to and during the Vietnam War.
The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation (Konfrontasi) was fought from 1962 to 1966 between the British Commonwealth and Indonesia.
Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War began with a small commitment of 30 military advisors in 1962, and increased over the following decade to a peak of 7,672 Australian personnel following the Menzies Government's April 1965 decision to upgrade its military commitment to South Vietnam's security.
The Australian contribution to the war in Afghanistan has been known as Operation Slipper (2001 – 2014) and Operation Highroad (from 2015).
Australia entered World War II on 3 September 1939, following the government's acceptance of the United Kingdom's declaration of war on Nazi Germany.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
The Australian Minister for Defence is currently Senator Marise Payne, who took office on 21 September 2015 as a member of the Turnbull Government.
The Minister for Foreign Affairs (commonly shortened to Foreign Minister) is the minister in the Government of Australia who is responsible for overseeing the international diplomacy section of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
The Mk 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle (EBR) is an American selective fire military designated marksman rifle chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge.
The Mk 47 or Striker 40 is a 40mm automatic grenade launcher with an integrated fire control system, capable of launching smart programmable 40mm shells in addition to various unguided rounds.
Mogadishu (Muqdisho), known locally as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
The Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) is an international peacekeeping force overseeing the terms of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.
MV Tampa is a roll-on/roll-off container ship completed in 1984 by Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. in South Korea for the Norway-based firm, Wilhelmsen Lines Shipowning.
The New Zealand Special Air Service, abbreviated as the NZSAS, was formed on 7 July 1955 and is the special forces unit of the New Zealand Army, closely modelled on the British Special Air Service (SAS).
The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes most of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
A night vision device (NVD), also known as night optical/observation device (NOD) and night vision goggles (NVG), is an optoelectronic device that allows images to be produced in levels of light approaching total darkness.
The term Northern Australia includes Queensland and the Northern Territory (NT).
The Northern Iraq offensive began on 4 June 2014, when the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL; sometimes referred to as the Islamic State (IS)) and aligned forces began a major offensive in northern Iraq against the Iraqi government, following earlier clashes that had begun in December 2013.
Nui Dat (Núi Đất) is a former 1st Australian Task Force (1 ATF) base now part of Ba Ria city in Ba Ria–Vung Tau province, Vietnam.
Oecusse (also variously Oecussi, Ocussi, Oekussi, Oekusi, Okusi, Oé-Cusse), formerly Ambeno and Oecussi-Ambeno, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR), and was formerly a district, of East Timor.
Operation Anaconda took place in early March 2002.
Operation Astute was an Australian-led military deployment to East Timor to quell unrest and return stability in the 2006 East Timor crisis.
Claret was the code name given to operations conducted from about July 1964 until July 1966 from East Malaysia (Sarawak and Sabah) across the border in Indonesian Kalimantan during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.
Operation Desert Thunder was a response to threats by Iraq's president Saddam Hussein to shoot down U-2 spy planes, and violate the no-fly zone set up over his country.
The 1991 uprisings in Iraq were a series of anti-governmental intifada (rebellions) in Southern and Northern Iraq during the aftermath of the Gulf War in March–April 1991.
Operation Morris Dance was an Australian military operation conducted in May 1987 in response to the first of the 1987 Fijian coups d'état.
Operation Okra is the Australian Defence Force (ADF) contribution to the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Operation Quickstep was the name given to the deployment of military resources by the Australian Defence Force during the leadup to the 2006 Fijian coup d'état on 4–5 December 2006, during which the Fijian military took control of the Fijian government which, at the time, was led by Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase.
Operation Solace was the Australian Defence Force's main contribution to the Unified Task Force (UNITAF) which was a United States led, United Nations sanctioned, multinational force which operated in the Republic of Somalia from 9 December 1992 to 4 May 1993.
Usama ibn Mohammed ibn Awad ibn Ladin (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن), often anglicized as Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), was a founder of, the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Patagonian toothfish, Dissostichus eleginoides, is a species of cod icefish found in cold waters between depths of in the southern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans and Southern Ocean on seamounts and continental shelves around most sub-Antarctic islands.
A patrol is commonly a group of personnel, such as law enforcement officers or military personnel, that are assigned to monitor a specific geographic area.
Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.
The Pentropic organisation was a military organisation used by the Australian Army between 1960 and 1965.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
Phước Tuy Province was a province of the former South Vietnam.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Polaris Industries is an American manufacturer of snowmobiles, ATV, and neighborhood electric vehicles.
Police Tactical Group (PTG) is a highly trained Australian Police Tactical Unit that responds to and resolves high-risk incidents, including terrorist incidents.
The Pong Su incident began on 16 April 2003 when heroin was smuggled from the Pong Su, a North Korean cargo ship, onto an Australian beach.
Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport, formerly known as Comoro International Airport, is an international airport located in Dili, the capital of East Timor.
The Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the Uniformed services of the United States, and those of allied countries, for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II).
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
A rebreather is a breathing apparatus that absorbs the carbon dioxide of a user's exhaled breath to permit the rebreathing (recycling) of the substantially unused oxygen content, and unused inert content when present, of each breath.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
Reduction in rank may refer to three separate concepts.
A regiment is a military unit.
The Regional Force Surveillance Units (RFSUs) are specialised infantry units of the Australian Army Reserve responsible for patrolling northern Australia.
Lieutenant General Richard Maxwell "Rick" Burr, (born 2 June 1964) is a senior officer in the Australian Army.
RMAF Butterworth (TUDM Butterworth) is an Air Force Station of the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) situated from Butterworth in Penang, Malaysia.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).
The Royal Australian Regiment (RAR) is the parent administrative regiment for regular infantry battalions of the Australian Army and is the senior infantry regiment of the Royal Australian Infantry Corps.
A sabre squadron, or (in US English) saber squadron, is an army combat unit of sub-battalion size, as opposed to a headquarters or support unit.
SAS Protea is a survey vessel of the South African Navy, part of the s built for the British Royal Navy.
SC Group is a British multi-faceted engineering company which prior to a re-brand in September 2015 was known as Supacat Limited.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Sergeant (abbreviated to Sgt and capitalized when used as a named person's title) is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces.
The Shah Wali Kot Offensive was a five-day joint operation during the War in Afghanistan, conducted by Australian special forces and the Afghan National Army with US air support, between 10–14 June 2010.
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.
The Somali Civil War (Dagaalkii Sokeeye ee Soomaaliya, الحرب الأهلية الصومالية) is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South African Navy (SAN) is the naval warfare branch of the South African National Defence Force.
South West Pacific Area (SWPA) was the name given to the Allied supreme military command in the South West Pacific Theatre of World War II.
The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.
The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the special forces unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
The United States Army Special Forces, colloquially known as the Green Berets due to their distinctive service headgear, are a special operations force tasked with five primary missions: unconventional warfare (the original and most important mission of Special Forces), foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, and counter-terrorism.
Special operations (S.O.) are military operations that are "special" or unconventional and carried out by dedicated special forces and other special operations forces units using unconventional methods and resources.
The Special Operations Command (SOCOMD) is a command within the Australian Defence Force.
The Special Operations Engineer Regiment (SOER) is a specialised unit of the Australian Army.
Special reconnaissance (SR) is conducted by small units of highly trained military personnel, usually from special forces units or military intelligence organizations, who operate behind enemy lines, avoiding direct combat and detection by the enemy.
Stephen Francis Smith (born 12 December 1955) is a former Australian politician who was a member of the House of Representatives from 1993 to 2013.
The Stirling Range or Koikyennuruff is a range of mountains and hills in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 337 km south-east of Perth.
A stun grenade, also known as a flash grenade, flashbang, thunderflash or sound bomb, is a non-lethal explosive device used to temporarily disorient an enemy's senses.
Subic Bay is a bay on the west coast of the island of Luzon in the Philippines, about northwest of Manila Bay.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Swan Island is a 1.4 km2 sand barrier island which, with Duck Island and the Edwards Point spit, separate Swan Bay from Port Phillip in Victoria, Australia.
Swanbourne is a western coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, and is an affluent, upper middle class locale with older Federation style homes, many being renovated.
The Sydney Hilton bombing occurred on 13 February 1978, when a bomb exploded outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
A Tactical Assault Group (TAG) is an Australian Defence Force special forces unit tasked with responding to counter-terrorism incidents in Australia on land and maritime environments and also with conducting overseas special recovery operations.
The tail rotor is a smaller rotor mounted so that it rotates vertically or near-vertically at the end of the tail of a traditional single-rotor helicopter.
The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.
In August 2001, the Howard Government of Australia refused permission for the Norwegian freighter MV ''Tampa'', carrying 433 rescued refugees (predominantly Hazaras of Afghanistan from a distressed fishing vessel in international waters) and 5 crew to enter Australian waters.
Tarīnkōṭ (ترينکوټ), also spelled as Tarin Kowt, is the capital of Urozgan Province (also written "Uruzgan") in southern Afghanistan in the Tarinkot District.
The Canberra Times is a daily newspaper, published by Fairfax Media in Canberra.
"The Happy Wanderer" ("Der fröhliche Wanderer" or "Mein Vater war ein Wandersmann") is a popular song.
The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975 covers Australia's involvement in the Malayan Emergency, Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation and Vietnam War.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
A thermobaric weapon is a type of explosive that uses oxygen from the surrounding air to generate a high-temperature explosion, and in practice the blast wave typically produced by such a weapon is of a significantly longer duration than that produced by a conventional condensed explosive.
Major General Timothy Joseph "Tim" McOwan, was a senior officer in the Australian Army.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Townsville is a city on the north-eastern coast of Queensland, Australia.
The is a series of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota.
A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron.
Trooper (abbr. Tpr) from the French "troupier" is the equivalent rank to private in a regiment with a cavalry tradition in the British Army and many other Commonwealth armies, including those of Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand; it is also used by the Irish Army.
Unimog is a range of multi-purpose all-wheel drive medium trucks produced by Daimler (formerly Daimler-Benz) and sold under the brand name Mercedes-Benz.
The Unit Citation for Gallantry is a collective group decoration awarded to members of Australian military units.
The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 872 on 5 October 1993.
The United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) was established by Security Council Resolution 1246 on 11 June 1999 for a period up to 31 August 1999.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land Teams, commonly abbreviated as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's primary special operations force and a component of the Naval Special Warfare Command.
Urōzgān (اروزګان، روزګان; اروزگان), also spelled as Uruzgan, Oruzgan, Orozgan, or Rozgan, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan.
The Victoria Cross for Australia is the highest award in the Australian Honours System, superseding the Victoria Cross for issue to Australians.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) annexed by Indonesia in 1962.
Western Sahara (الصحراء الغربية, Taneẓroft Tutrimt, Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially Moroccan-occupied, bordered by Morocco proper to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Who Dares, Wins (Latin: Qui audet adipiscitur; Qui ose gagne; Chi osa vince; Portuguese: Quem ousa, vence; German: Wer wagt, gewinnt) is a motto made popular by the British Special Air Service.
Xuyên Mộc is a rural district of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province in the southeast region of Vietnam.
Z Special Unit—also known as Special Operations Executive (SOE), Special Operations Australia (SOA) or the Services Reconnaissance Department (SRD)—was a joint Allied special forces unit formed during the Second World War to operate behind Japanese lines in South East Asia.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division in the United States Army based at Fort Drum, New York.
The United States Army 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), abbreviated as the 160th SOAR (A) and also known as Night Stalkers, or within JSOC as Task Force Brown, is a special operations force of the United States Army that provides helicopter aviation support for general purpose forces and special operations forces.
The 171st Aviation Squadron (171 Avn Sqn) is an Australian Army helicopter squadron equipped with S70A Black Hawk helicopters and provides support to the Special Operations Command.
The 1997 clashes in Cambodia, also referred to as the 1997 coup in Cambodia (especially by critics of Hun Sen), took place in Cambodia in July to September 1997.
The 1999 East Timorese crisis began with attacks by anti-independence militants on civilians, and expanded to general violence throughout the country, centered in the capital Dili.
The 1st Australian Task Force (1 ATF) was a brigade-sized formation which commanded Australian and New Zealand Army units deployed to South Vietnam between 1966 and 1972.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2006 East Timorese crisis began as a conflict between elements of the military of East Timor over discrimination within the military, and expanded to a coup attempt and general violence throughout the country, centred in the capital Dili.
The 2nd Commando Regiment is a special forces unit of the Australian Army, and is part of Special Operations Command.
The 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (4 RAR) was an Australian Army infantry battalion and part of the Royal Australian Regiment.
The 5th Aviation Regiment (5 Avn Regt) is an Australian Army aviation unit.
The 75th Ranger Regiment, also known as Army Rangers, is a light infantry airborne special operations force that is part of the United States Army Special Operations Command.
The 8th/9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (8/9 RAR) is a motorised infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
Australian SAS, Australian Special Air Service, Australian Special Air Service Regiment, Royal Australian Special Air Service Regiment, S.A.S. Regiment, SAS Australia, SASR, Special Air Service (Australia), Special Air Service Regiment (Australia).