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Special Branch

Index Special Branch

Special Branch is a label customarily used to identify units responsible for matters of national security and intelligence in British and Commonwealth police forces, as well as in Ireland and the Royal Malaysian Police. [1]

106 relations: Adolphus Williamson, Agent provocateur, Apartheid, Australian Army, Australian Federal Police, Australian Labor Party, Background check, Bahamians, Bangladesh Police, Bill Sutch, British South Africa Police, Cannabis (drug), Central Intelligence Organisation, Citizenship, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth Police, Communist Party of Australia, Communist Party of New Zealand, Constable, Counter Terrorism Command, Counter-terrorism, Counterintelligence, Criminal investigation department, Desmond Patrick Costello, Directorate of Military Intelligence (Ireland), Don Dunstan, Enemy of the state, Espionage, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Fitzgerald Inquiry, Forward intelligence team, Garda Crime and Security Branch, Garda Emergency Response Unit, Garda National Surveillance Unit, Garda Síochána, Hong Kong Police Force, Inspector, Intelligence agency, Intelligence assessment, Intelligence Bureau (India), Irish Republican Brotherhood, Joh Bjelke-Petersen, John Littlechild, Law enforcement in Fiji, Law enforcement in the United Kingdom, Lèse majesté in Thailand, Leonard Burt, List of intelligence agencies, Main Intelligence Directorate, Malaysian Special Branch, ..., Metropolitan Police Anti-Terrorist Branch, Metropolitan Police Service, MI5, Ministry of Defence (Singapore), Mufti (dress), National security, New South Wales Police Force, New Zealand Police, New Zealand Security Intelligence Service, Patrick Quinn (Metropolitan Police officer), Permanent Secretary, Police commissioner, Police corruption, Portland Spy Ring, Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Queensland Police Service, Red Drum killings, Republic of Fiji Military Forces, Rhodesian Bush War, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Bahamas Defence Force, Royal Commission into the New South Wales Police Service, Royal Malaysia Police, Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary, Security agency, Security and Intelligence Division, Selous Scouts, South African Police, South Australia Police, Sovereign state, Special Detective Unit, Special Investigation Branch, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Police, State police, Sub-inspector, Subpoena, Subversion, Supreme Court of South Australia, Territory of New Guinea, Territory of Papua, Terrorism Act 2000, Thai general election, 2007, Thai general election, 2011, Thanom Kittikachorn, The Bahamas, The Nation (Thailand), Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, Very important person, Victoria Police, VIP Protection Unit, War Precautions Act 1914, WikiLeaks, William Melville, World War II, Zimbabwe. Expand index (56 more) »

Adolphus Williamson

Frederick Adolphus "Dolly" Williamson (1830 – 9 December 1889) was the first head of the Detective Branch of the Metropolitan Police and the first head of the Detective Branch's successor organisation, the Criminal Investigation Department (CID).

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Agent provocateur

An agent provocateur (French for "inciting agent") is a person who commits, or who acts to entice another person to commit an illegal or rash act or falsely implicate them in partaking in an illegal act.

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Apartheid

Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.

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Australian Army

The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.

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Australian Federal Police

The Australian Federal Police (AFP) is the principal federal law enforcement agency of the Australian Government with a unique role to investigate crime and to protect the national security of the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.

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Background check

A background check or background investigation is the process of looking up and compiling criminal records, commercial records, and financial records of an individual or an organization.

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Bahamians

Bahamians are a people that are ethnically associated with The Commonwealth of the Bahamas, or by citizenship.

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Bangladesh Police

The Bangladesh Police (বাংলাদেশ পুলিশ) is the main law enforcement agency of Bangladesh.

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Bill Sutch

William Ball Sutch (27 June 1907 – 28 September 1975) was a New Zealand economist, historian, writer, public servant, public intellectual.

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British South Africa Police

The British South Africa Police (BSAP) was, for most of its existence, the police force of Rhodesia (renamed Zimbabwe in 1980).

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Cannabis (drug)

Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.

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Central Intelligence Organisation

The Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) is the national intelligence agency or "secret police" of Zimbabwe.

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Citizenship

Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Commonwealth Police

The Commonwealth Police (COMPOL) was the federal law enforcement agency in Australia between 1917 and 1979.

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Communist Party of Australia

The Communist Party of Australia (CPA) was founded in 1920 and dissolved in 1991.

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Communist Party of New Zealand

The Communist Party of New Zealand (CPNZ) was a Communist political party in New Zealand which existed from March 1921 until the early 1990s.

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Constable

A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement.

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Counter Terrorism Command

The Counter Terrorism Command (CTC) or SO15 is a Specialist Operations branch within London's Metropolitan Police Service.

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Counter-terrorism

Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism.

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Counterintelligence

Counterintelligence is "an activity aimed at protecting an agency's intelligence program against an opposition's intelligence service." It likewise refers to information gathered and activities conducted to counter espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons, international terrorist activities, sometimes including personnel, physical, document or communications security programs.

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Criminal investigation department

A criminal investigation department (CID) is the branch of all territorial police forces within the British Police, and many other Commonwealth police forces, to which plainclothes detectives belong.

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Desmond Patrick Costello

Desmond Patrick Costello (31 January 1912 – 23 February 1964) was a New Zealand linguist, soldier, diplomat, university professor who was accused of being an agent for the Soviet GRU and of having sparked the first in a series of spy scandals in the 1960s which brought down the Macmillan government in the UK.

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Directorate of Military Intelligence (Ireland)

The Directorate of Military Intelligence ("G2") (Stiúrthóireacht na Faisnéise) is the military intelligence branch of the Defence Forces, the Irish armed forces, and the national intelligence service of Ireland.

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Don Dunstan

Donald Allan Dunstan, AC, QC (21 September 1926 – 6 February 1999) was a South Australian politician.

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Enemy of the state

An enemy of the State is a person accused of certain crimes against the state, such as treason.

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Espionage

Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information.

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Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, also known as the Central African Federation (CAF), was a semi-independent federation of three southern African territories – the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland – between 1953 and 1963.

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Fitzgerald Inquiry

The Commission of Inquiry into Possible Illegal Activities and Associated Police Misconduct (the Fitzgerald Inquiry) (1987–1989) into Queensland Police corruption was a judicial inquiry presided over by Tony Fitzgerald QC.

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Forward intelligence team

Forward Intelligence Teams (FITs) are two or more police officers who are deployed by UK police forces to gather intelligence on the ground and in some circumstances, to disrupt activists and deter anti-social behaviour.

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Garda Crime and Security Branch

The Crime and Security Branch (CSB) (Bhrainse Coireachta agus Slándála) – previously known as "C3" – is responsible for the administration of national security, counter terrorism and serious crime investigations within the Garda Síochána, the national police force of Ireland.

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Garda Emergency Response Unit

The Emergency Response Unit (ERU) (Aonad Práinnfhreagartha) is the elite Police Tactical Unit of the Garda Síochána, Ireland's national police and security service.

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Garda National Surveillance Unit

The National Surveillance Unit (NSU) (Aonad Faireacháin Náisiúinta) is the principal clandestine intelligence gathering and surveillance operations unit of the Garda Síochána, the national police force of Ireland.

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Garda Síochána

An Garda Síochána (meaning "the Guardian of the Peace"), more commonly referred to as the Gardaí ("Guardians") or "the Guards", is the police force of the Republic of Ireland.

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Hong Kong Police Force

The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong.

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Inspector

Inspector is both a police rank and an administrative position, both used in a number of contexts.

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Intelligence agency

An intelligence agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and foreign policy objectives.

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Intelligence assessment

Intelligence assessment is the development of behavior forecasts or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on wide ranges of available overt and covert information.

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Intelligence Bureau (India)

The Intelligence Bureau (IB) (Aasoochana Byooro) is India's internal intelligence agency.

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Irish Republican Brotherhood

The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) was a secret oath-bound fraternal organisation dedicated to the establishment of an "independent democratic republic" in Ireland between 1858 and 1924.

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Joh Bjelke-Petersen

Sir Johannes Bjelke-Petersen, (13 January 191123 April 2005) was an Australian politician.

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John Littlechild

Detective Chief Inspector John George Littlechild (21 December 1848 – 2 January 1923) was the first commander of the London Metropolitan Police Special Irish Branch, renamed Special Branch in 1888.

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Law enforcement in Fiji

Fiji has a unified national police force, the Fiji Police, whose motto is Salus Populi meaning "Health of the People".

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Law enforcement in the United Kingdom

Law enforcement in the United Kingdom is organised separately in each of the legal systems of the United Kingdom: England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.

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Lèse majesté in Thailand

In Thailand, lèse majesté is criminalized by Section 112 of the Thai Criminal Code.

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Leonard Burt

Leonard Burt, CVO, CBE (1892 - 1983) was a British police officer, involved in several high-profile cases and investigations.

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List of intelligence agencies

This is a list of intelligence agencies.

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Main Intelligence Directorate

Main Intelligence Directorate (p), abbreviated GRU (p), is the foreign military intelligence agency of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (formerly the Soviet Army General Staff of the Soviet Union).

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Malaysian Special Branch

The Special Branch or SB (Malay: Cawangan Khas) is an intelligence agency attached to the Royal Malaysia Police.

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Metropolitan Police Anti-Terrorist Branch

The Anti-Terrorist Branch (or SO13 by its designation) was a Specialist Operations branch of London's Metropolitan Police Service, formed to respond to terrorist activities within the capital and the surrounding areas.

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Metropolitan Police Service

The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), commonly known as the Metropolitan Police and informally as the Met, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London Police.

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MI5

The Security Service, also MI5 (Military Intelligence, Section 5), is the United Kingdom's domestic counter-intelligence and security agency and is part of its intelligence machinery alongside the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) and Defence Intelligence (DI).

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Ministry of Defence (Singapore)

The Ministry of Defence (Abbreviation: MINDEF; Kementerian Pertahanan; Simplified Chinese: 新加坡国防部; தற்காப்பு அமைச்சு) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore entrusted with overseeing the national defence needs of the Republic of Singapore.

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Mufti (dress)

Mufti, or civies/civvies (slang for "civilian attire"), refers to plain or ordinary clothes, especially when worn by one who normally wears, or has long worn, a military or other uniform.

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National security

National security refers to the security of a nation state, including its citizens, economy, and institutions, and is regarded as a duty of government.

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New South Wales Police Force

The New South Wales Police Force (NSW Police Force; previously the New South Wales Police Service and New South Wales Police) is the primary law enforcement agency of the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is a servant of the Crown, independent of Government, although a minister of the Crown has administration. Divided into seventy six local area commands (LAC),. Graduate Careers Australia. the NSW Police Force consists of more than 500 local police stations and covers an area of 801,600 square kilometres in a state of some seven million people. Under the Police Regulation Act, 1862, the organisation of the NSW Police Force was formally established in 1862 with the unification of all existing independent police units in the state. The authority and responsibility of the entire police force was given to the inspector general of police. The 1990s were a turbulent period in NSW police history. The Royal Commission into the New South Wales Police Service was held between 1995 and 1997. The Royal Commission uncovered hundreds of instances of bribery, money laundering, drug trafficking, and falsifying of evidence by police. The police commissioner, Tony Lauer, resigned as the level of corruption in the service became clear and his own position untenable. Peter James Ryan was recruited from the UK. Wide-ranging reforms occurred as a result of the recommendations of the Royal Commission, including the establishment of a permanent Police Integrity Commission. The current commissioner of the NSW Police Force is Mick Fuller, who replaced Andrew Scipione, on 31 March 2017, with Deputy Commissioner Dave Hudson, Deputy Commissioner Nick Kaldas, and deputy commissioner Catherine Burn. The minister for justice and police, Troy Grant, is responsible to the NSW parliament for the police portfolio. Grant is a former NSW police officer who served 22 years before entering politics. As of 30 June 2016, the police force consists of some 16,627 officers.

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New Zealand Police

The New Zealand Police (Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa) is the national police force of New Zealand, responsible for enforcing criminal law, enhancing public safety, maintaining order and keeping the peace throughout New Zealand.

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New Zealand Security Intelligence Service

The New Zealand Security Intelligence Service (NZSIS or SIS) (Te Pā Whakamarumaru) is New Zealand's primary national intelligence agency, responsible for national security (including counterterrorism and counterintelligence) and foreign intelligence.

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Patrick Quinn (Metropolitan Police officer)

Sir Patrick Quinn MVO was an Irish officer of the Metropolitan Police.

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Permanent Secretary

The Permanent Secretary, in most departments officially titled the Permanent Under-secretary of State or PUS (although the full title is rarely used), is the most senior civil servant of a British Government ministry, charged with running the department on a day-to-day basis.

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Police commissioner

Police commissioner (also known as the commissioner of police) is a senior rank in many police forces.

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Police corruption

Police corruption is a form of police misconduct in which law enforcement officers end up breaking their political contract and abuse their power for personal gain.

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Portland Spy Ring

The Portland Spy Ring was a Soviet spy ring that operated in England from the late 1950s until 1961 when the core of the network was arrested by the British security services.

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Prime Minister of Bangladesh

The Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh (translit) is the Head of the Government of Bangladesh.

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Queensland Police Service

The Queensland Police Service (QPS) is the principal law enforcement agency responsible for policing the Australian state of Queensland.

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Red Drum killings

The "Red Drum" or "Red Barrel" killings (เผาถังแดง) refers to the mass killing of more than 200 (informal accounts speak of up to 3,000) civilians who were accused of supporting communists by Thai government forces in Tambon Lam Sai, Phatthalung Province, southern Thailand, in late 1972, under the military dictatorship of Thanom Kittikachorn and Praphas Charusathien.

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Republic of Fiji Military Forces

The Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF) is the military force of the Pacific island nation of Fiji.

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Rhodesian Bush War

The Rhodesian Bush War—also known as the Second Chimurenga or the Zimbabwe War of Liberation—was a civil war that took place from July 1964 to December 1979 in the unrecognised country of Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe-Rhodesia).

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Royal Australian Navy

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force.

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Royal Bahamas Defence Force

The Royal Bahamas Defence Force (RBDF) is the navy of The Bahamas.

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Royal Commission into the New South Wales Police Service

The Royal Commission into the New South Wales Police Service (Wood Royal Commission) was held in the State of New South Wales, Australia between 1995 and 1997.

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Royal Malaysia Police

The Royal Malaysia Police (often abbreviated RMP) (Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM)), is a (primarily) uniformed federal police force in Malaysia.

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Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary

The Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC) is a national police force with jurisdiction throughout all of Papua New Guinea.

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Security agency

A security agency is a governmental organization which conducts intelligence activities for the internal security of a nation.

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Security and Intelligence Division

The Security and Intelligence Division (abbreviation: SID) is the external intelligence agency of Singapore responsible for gathering and analysing intelligence related to the country's external security.

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Selous Scouts

The Selous Scouts was a special forces regiment of the Rhodesian Army that operated from 1973 until the reconstitution of the country as Zimbabwe in 1980.

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South African Police

The South African Police (SAP) was the national police force and law enforcement agency in South Africa from 1913 to 1994; it was the de facto police force in the territory of South West Africa (Namibia) from 1939 to 1981.

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South Australia Police

The South Australia Police (SAPOL) is the police force of the Australian state of South Australia.

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Sovereign state

A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.

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Special Detective Unit

The Special Detective Unit (SDU) (Aonad Speisialta Bleachtaireachta) is the main domestic security agency of the Garda Síochána, the national police force of the Republic of Ireland, under the aegis of the Crime & Security Branch (CSB).

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Special Investigation Branch

The Special Investigation Branch (SIB) is the name given to the detective branches of all three British military police arms: the Royal Navy Police, Royal Military Police and Royal Air Force Police.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Sri Lanka Police

The Sri Lanka Police (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා පොලීසිය Shrī Lanka Polīsiya; Tamil: இலங்கை காவல் Ilaṅkai Kāval) is the civilian national police force of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

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State police

State police or provincial police are a type of sub-national territorial police force, found particularly in North America, South Asia, and Oceania.

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Sub-inspector

The Sub-inspector (S. I.) is a rank used extensively in South Asia: in the Bangladeshi Police, Indian Police, Pakistani Police and Sri Lankan Police, which is primarily based on the British model.

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Subpoena

A subpoena (also subpœna) or witness summons is a writ issued by a government agency, most often a court, to compel testimony by a witness or production of evidence under a penalty for failure.

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Subversion

Subversion (Latin subvertere: overthrow) refers to a process by which the values and principles of a system in place are contradicted or reversed, an attempt to transform the established social order and its structures of power, authority, hierarchy, and norm (social).

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Supreme Court of South Australia

The Supreme Court of South Australia is the superior court of the Australian state of South Australia.

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Territory of New Guinea

The Territory of New Guinea was an Australian administered territory on the island of New Guinea from 1920 until 1975. In 1949, the Territory and the Territory of Papua were established in an administrative union by the name of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. That administrative union was renamed as Papua New Guinea in 1971. Notwithstanding that it was part of an administrative union, the Territory of New Guinea at all times retained a distinct legal status and identity until the advent of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The initial Australian mandate was based on the previous German New Guinea, which had been captured and occupied by Australian forces during World War I. Most of the Territory of New Guinea was occupied by Japan during World War II, between 1942 and 1945. During this time, Rabaul, on the island of New Britain, became a major Japanese base (see New Guinea campaign). After World War II, the territories of Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act (1945–46).

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Territory of Papua

The Territory of Papua comprised the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea from 1883 to 1975.

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Terrorism Act 2000

The Terrorism Act 2000 (c.11) is the first of a number of general Terrorism Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Thai general election, 2007

The 2007 Thai general elections were held on 23 December.

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Thai general election, 2011

A general election for the 24th House of Representatives took place throughout Thailand on Sunday, 3 July 2011, by virtue of the Royal Decree Dissolving the House of Representatives, 2554 BE (2011), which caused the House of Representatives to be dissolved on 10 May 2011.

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Thanom Kittikachorn

Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn (Thai ถนอม กิตติขจร,; 11 August 1911 – 16 June 2004) was a military dictator of Thailand.

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The Bahamas

The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.

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The Nation (Thailand)

The Nation is a broadsheet, English-language daily newspaper founded in 1971 and published in Bangkok, Thailand.

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Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong

The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, referred to as "the Handover" internationally or "the Return" in Mainland China, took place on 1 July 1997.

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Very important person

A very important person (VIP) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to their status or importance.

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Victoria Police

Victoria Police is the primary law enforcement agency of Victoria, Australia.

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VIP Protection Unit

The VIP Protection Unit (Abbreviation: VIPPU), otherwise known as G4 (originally Section G, Division 4) is a branch of the Hong Kong Police Force.

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War Precautions Act 1914

The War Precautions Act 1914 was an Act of the Parliament of Australia which gave the Government of Australia special powers for the duration of World War I and for six months afterwards.

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WikiLeaks

WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media provided by anonymous sources.

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William Melville

William Melville (25 April 1850 – 1 February 1918) was an Irish law enforcement officer and the first chief of the British Secret Service Bureau.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

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Redirects here:

British Special Branch, British secret police, Metropolitan Police Special Branch, SO12, Security and Intelligence Branch, Special Branch, Royal Thai Police, Special Irish Branch, Special branch.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_Branch

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