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Specials (Unicode block)

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Specials is a short Unicode block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane, at U+FFF0–FFFF. [1]

15 relations: Byte order mark, Compound document, Endianness, Interlinear gloss, International Committee for Information Technology Standards, ISO/IEC 8859-1, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2, Mojibake, Plane (Unicode), Text file, Unicode, Unicode Consortium, Unicode control characters, UTF-8, Windows-1252.

Byte order mark

The byte order mark (BOM) is a Unicode character,, whose appearance as a magic number at the start of a text stream can signal several things to a program consuming the text.

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Compound document

In computing, a compound document is a document type typically produced using word processing software, and is a regular text document intermingled with non-text elements such as spreadsheets, pictures, digital videos, digital audio, and other multimedia features.

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Endianness refers to the sequential order in which bytes are arranged into larger numerical values when stored in memory or when transmitted over digital links.

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Interlinear gloss

In linguistics and pedagogy, an interlinear gloss is a gloss (series of brief explanations, such as definitions or pronunciations) placed between lines (inter- + linear), such as between a line of original text and its translation into another language.

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International Committee for Information Technology Standards

The InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS), (pronounced "insights"), is an ANSI-accredited standards development organization composed of Information technology developers.

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ISO/IEC 8859-1

ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 1: Latin alphabet No.

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ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2 Coded character sets is a standardization subcommittee of the Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), that develops and facilitates standards within the field of coded character sets.

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Mojibake (文字化け) is the garbled text that is the result of text being decoded using an unintended character encoding.

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Plane (Unicode)

In the Unicode standard, a plane is a continuous group of 65,536 (216) code points.

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Text file

A text file (sometimes spelled "textfile"; an old alternative name is "flatfile") is a kind of computer file that is structured as a sequence of lines of electronic text.

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Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.

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Unicode Consortium

The Unicode Consortium (Unicode Inc.) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that coordinates the development of the Unicode standard, based in Mountain View, California.

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Unicode control characters

Many Unicode control characters are used to control the interpretation or display of text, but these characters themselves have no visual or spatial representation.

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UTF-8 is a variable width character encoding capable of encoding all 1,112,064 valid code points in Unicode using one to four 8-bit bytes.

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Windows-1252 or CP-1252 (code page 1252) is a 1 byte character encoding of the Latin alphabet, used by default in the legacy components of Microsoft Windows in English and some other Western languages (other languages use different default encodings).

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Redirects here:

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specials_(Unicode_block)

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