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Sperm whale

Index Sperm whale

The sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) or cachalot is the largest of the toothed whales and the largest toothed predator. [1]

268 relations: ACCOBAMS, Acrophyseter, Albinism, Ambergris, Ancient Greek, Ancistrocheirus, Andenes, Animal echolocation, Ann Alexander (ship), Anoxic waters, Aortic arch, Ape, Argentina, Argyranthemum frutescens, Atlantic Ocean, Aulophyseter, Australasia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Azores, Bait ball, Baleen whale, Basque language, Batoidea, Bōsō Peninsula, Beaked whale, Binocular vision, Black Sea, Blood, Blowhole (anatomy), Bowhead whale, Brain, Buoyancy, Camille Desmoulins, Candle, Carl Linnaeus, Cementum, Cetacea, Cetacean stranding, Channel 4, Choroid, Ciliary muscle, CITES, Clade, Clipping (morphology), Colossal squid, Commander Islands, Comparative anatomy, Connecticut, Connecticut General Assembly, ..., Continental shelf, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Cook Strait, Cornea, Cosmetics, Cosmopolitan distribution, Costocervical trunk, Current Biology, Cuvier's beaked whale, Daily Pakistan, Daum (web portal), Davao Gulf, Davis Strait, Decibel, Decompression sickness, Deep sea, Demersal zone, Dentin, Diaphorocetus, Dissostichus, Dolphin, Dominica, Dorsal fin, Dwarf sperm whale, Encephalization quotient, Endangered Species Act of 1973, Essex (whaleship), Europe, Even-toed ungulate, Evolutionary radiation, Facet joint, False killer whale, Feces, Fiji, Fin whale, Fixative (perfumery), Friedrich Ratzel, Galápagos Islands, Galician language, Ganghwa Island, Gascon language, Gene, Gestation, Giant beaked whale, Giant squid, Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Greenwood Publishing Group, Gulf of Alaska, Gulf Stream, Guryongpo, Hemoglobin, Herding, Herman Melville, Histioteuthis, HuffPost, Human, Human body weight, Human brain, Humboldt squid, Humpback whale, Hydrogen sulfide, Hydrophone, Idiorophus, Industrial Revolution, Integrated Taxonomic Information System, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, International Union for Conservation of Nature, International Whaling Commission, Italy, IUCN Red List, Izu Islands, Izu Peninsula, Japan, Joan Coromines, JoongAng Ilbo, Kaikoura, Karyotype, Killer whale, Kinkasan, Kogia, Kogiidae, Korean Peninsula, Kuril Islands, Lactation, Largest body part, Latitude, Leviathan, List of cetacean species, List of marine mammal species, List of sperm whale strandings, List of U.S. state mammals, Longline fishing, Mandible, Marine biology, Marine debris, Māori people, Mediterranean Sea, Megamouth shark, Melon (cetacean), Metabolism, Middle Miocene, Minke whale, Miocene, Moby-Dick, Molecular phylogenetics, Monodontidae, Monophyly, Myoglobin, Nantucket, Nantucket Shoals, Nantucket Whaling Museum, National Geographic Society, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Natural History Museum, London, New England, New Zealand, Nitrogen, No Cut News, Northern Mariana Islands, Norway, Oceanic dolphin, Octopoteuthis, Octopus, Oligocene, Order (biology), Orycterocetus, Oxygen, Pacific Islands Cetaceans Memorandum of Understanding, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Pars pro toto, Pearl, Perfume, Peru, Petroleum, Physeteroidea, Phytoplankton, Pilot whale, Plastic pollution, Pliocene, Polygyny, Popular Science, Porpoise, Predation, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Prune, Pygmy sperm whale, Pyramidal tracts, R/K selection theory, Rausu, Hokkaido, Red blood cell, Red Sea, Relative density, Reproduction, Rete mirabile, Rib cage, Right whale, River dolphin, Romance languages, Rostrum (anatomy), Ruminant, Ryukyu Islands, Sablefish, Scaldicetus, Science (journal), Sclera, Scotland, Scramble competition, Scrimshaw, Scymnodon, Sea of Japan, Seabed, Semen, Sexual dimorphism, Shire of Mornington Peninsula, Shiretoko Peninsula, Sinan County, South Jeolla, Sloop, Soap, Society for Marine Mammalogy, Solander Islands, South Asian river dolphin, South Island, Southern right whale, Species, Specific name (zoology), Sperm whaling, Spermaceti, Springer Nature, Squid, Sulfur, Systema Naturae, Tabua, Taiwan, Tapetum lucidum, Tokara Islands, Tokyo Bay, Tonga, Toothed whale, Tromsø, Ulsan, United States, University of Massachusetts Press, Visual field, Volcano Islands, Vulgar Latin, Vulnerable species, Walrus, Whale, Whale oil, Whale watching, Whaling, Windkessel effect, World War II, Yakushima, Yellow Sea, Zygophyseter, 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Expand index (218 more) »

ACCOBAMS

ACCOBAMS, the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic area is ‘a cooperative tool for the conservation of marine biodiversity in the Mediterranean and Black Seas’.

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Acrophyseter

Acrophyseter is a genus of stem-sperm whales that lived around 12-7 million years ago in waters off the coast of Peru.

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Albinism

Albinism in humans is a congenital disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes.

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Ambergris

Ambergris (or, ambra grisea, ambre gris), ambergrease, or grey amber, is a solid, waxy, flammable substance of a dull grey or blackish colour produced in the digestive system of sperm whales.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Ancistrocheirus

Ancistrocheirus lesueurii, the sharpear enope squid, is the only species in the genus Ancistrocheirus and family Ancistrocheiridae.

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Andenes

is a village and former municipality in the Vesterålen district of Nordland county, Norway.

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Animal echolocation

Echolocation, also called bio sonar, is the biological sonar used by several kinds of animals.

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Ann Alexander (ship)

The Ann Alexander was a whaling ship from New Bedford, Massachusetts, notable for being rammed and sunk by a wounded sperm whale in the South Pacific on August 20, 1851, some 30 years after the famous incident in which the ''Essex'' was stove in and sunk by a whale in the same area.

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Anoxic waters

Anoxic waters are areas of sea water, fresh water, or groundwater that are depleted of dissolved oxygen and are a more severe condition of hypoxia.

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Aortic arch

The aortic arch, arch of the aorta, or transverse aortic arch is the part of the aorta between the ascending and descending aorta.

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Ape

Apes (Hominoidea) are a branch of Old World tailless anthropoid primates native to Africa and Southeast Asia.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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Argyranthemum frutescens

Argyranthemum frutescens, known as Paris daisy, marguerite or marguerite daisy, is a perennial plant known for its flowers.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Aulophyseter

Aulophyseter is an extinct genus of sperm whales from the Miocene formations of the west and east coasts of North America, as well as the Patagonian region of South America.

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Australasia

Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Azerbaijan

No description.

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Azores

The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.

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Bait ball

A bait ball, or baitball, occurs when small fish swarm in a tightly packed spherical formation about a common centre.

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Baleen whale

Baleen whales (systematic name Mysticeti), known earlier as whalebone whales, form a parvorder of the infraorder Cetacea (whales, dolphins and porpoises).

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Basque language

Basque (euskara) is a language spoken in the Basque country and Navarre. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and, as a language isolate, to any other known living language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France. The Basque language is spoken by 28.4% of Basques in all territories (751,500). Of these, 93.2% (700,300) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 6.8% (51,200) are in the French portion. Native speakers live in a contiguous area that includes parts of four Spanish provinces and the three "ancient provinces" in France. Gipuzkoa, most of Biscay, a few municipalities of Álava, and the northern area of Navarre formed the core of the remaining Basque-speaking area before measures were introduced in the 1980s to strengthen the language. By contrast, most of Álava, the western part of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre are predominantly populated by native speakers of Spanish, either because Basque was replaced by Spanish over the centuries, in some areas (most of Álava and central Navarre), or because it was possibly never spoken there, in other areas (Enkarterri and southeastern Navarre). Under Restorationist and Francoist Spain, public use of Basque was frowned upon, often regarded as a sign of separatism; this applied especially to those regions that did not support Franco's uprising (such as Biscay or Gipuzkoa). However, in those Basque-speaking regions that supported the uprising (such as Navarre or Álava) the Basque language was more than merely tolerated. Overall, in the 1960s and later, the trend reversed and education and publishing in Basque began to flourish. As a part of this process, a standardised form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Euskaltzaindia in the late 1960s. Besides its standardised version, the five historic Basque dialects are Biscayan, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese–Lapurdian and Souletin in France. They take their names from the historic Basque provinces, but the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use today. In both Spain and France, the use of Basque for education varies from region to region and from school to school. A language isolate, Basque is believed to be one of the few surviving pre-Indo-European languages in Europe, and the only one in Western Europe. The origin of the Basques and of their languages is not conclusively known, though the most accepted current theory is that early forms of Basque developed prior to the arrival of Indo-European languages in the area, including the Romance languages that geographically surround the Basque-speaking region. Basque has adopted a good deal of its vocabulary from the Romance languages, and Basque speakers have in turn lent their own words to Romance speakers. The Basque alphabet uses the Latin script.

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Batoidea

Batoidea is a superorder of cartilaginous fish commonly known as rays.

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Bōsō Peninsula

The is a peninsula that encompasses the entirety of Chiba Prefecture on Honshu, the largest island of Japan.

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Beaked whale

Beaked whales are the members of the family Ziphiidae, which consists of 23 species.

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Binocular vision

In biology, binocular vision is a type of vision in which an animal having two eyes is able to perceive a single three-dimensional image of its surroundings.

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Black Sea

The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.

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Blood

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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Blowhole (anatomy)

In cetology, a blowhole is the hole at the top of a cetacean's head through which the animal breathes air.

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Bowhead whale

The bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) is a species of the family Balaenidae, in suborder Mysticeti, and genus Balaena, which once included the right whale.

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Brain

The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.

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Buoyancy

In physics, buoyancy or upthrust, is an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object.

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Camille Desmoulins

Lucie-Simplice-Camille-Benoît Desmoulins (2 March 17605 April 1794) was a journalist and politician who played an important role in the French Revolution.

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Candle

A candle is an ignitable wick embedded in wax, or another flammable solid substance such as tallow, that provides light, and in some cases, a fragrance.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Cementum

Cementum is a specialized calcified substance covering the root of a tooth.

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Cetacea

Cetacea are a widely distributed and diverse clade of aquatic mammals that today consists of the whales, dolphins, and porpoises.

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Cetacean stranding

Cetacean stranding, commonly known as beaching, is a phenomenon in which whales and dolphins strand themselves on land, usually on a beach.

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Channel 4

Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.

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Choroid

The choroid, also known as the choroidea or choroid coat, is the vascular layer of the eye, containing connective tissues, and lying between the retina and the sclera.

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Ciliary muscle

The ciliary muscle is a ring of smooth muscleSchachar, Ronald A. (2012). "Anatomy and Physiology." (Chapter 4). in the eye's middle layer (vascular layer) that controls accommodation for viewing objects at varying distances and regulates the flow of aqueous humour into Schlemm's canal. It changes the shape of the lens within the eye, not the size of the pupil which is carried out by the sphincter pupillae muscle and dilator pupillae.

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CITES

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals.

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Clade

A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".

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Clipping (morphology)

In linguistics, clipping is the word formation process which consists in the reduction of a word to one of its parts (Marchand: 1969).

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Colossal squid

The colossal squid (Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni, from Greek mesos (middle), onycho (claw, nail), and teuthis (squid)), sometimes called the Antarctic squid or giant cranch squid, is believed to be the largest squid species in terms of mass.

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Commander Islands

The Commander Islands or Komandorski Islands or Komandorskie Islands (Командо́рские острова́, Komandorskiye ostrova) are a group of treeless, sparsely populated islands in the Bering Sea located about east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East.

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Comparative anatomy

Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species.

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Connecticut

Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Connecticut General Assembly

The Connecticut General Assembly (CGA) is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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Continental shelf

The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.

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Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals -- more commonly abbreviated to just the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or the Bonn Convention and CMS COP is known as Global Wildlife conference—aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.

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Cook Strait

Cook Strait (Te Moana-o-Raukawa) lies between the North and South Islands of New Zealand.

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Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.

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Cosmetics

Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.

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Cosmopolitan distribution

In biogeography, a taxon is said to have a cosmopolitan distribution if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats.

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Costocervical trunk

The costocervical trunk arises from the upper and back part of the second part of subclavian artery, behind the scalenus anterior on the right side, and medial to that muscle on the left side.

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Current Biology

Current Biology is a scientific journal that covers all areas of biology, especially molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, neurobiology, ecology and evolutionary biology.

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Cuvier's beaked whale

Cuvier's beaked whale or the goose-beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris), the only member of the genus Ziphius, is the most widely distributed of all the beaked whales.

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Daily Pakistan

The Daily Pakistan (روزنامہ پاکستان) is a daily newspaper in Pakistan, published both in Urdu language and in English.

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Daum (web portal)

Daum (다음) is a South Korean web portal in South Korea, one of the top three along with Naver and Nate.

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Davao Gulf

Davao Gulf is a gulf situated in the southeastern portion of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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Davis Strait

Davis Strait (Détroit de Davis) is a northern arm of the Labrador Sea.

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Decibel

The decibel (symbol: dB) is a unit of measurement used to express the ratio of one value of a physical property to another on a logarithmic scale.

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Decompression sickness

Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends, aerobullosis, or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.

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Deep sea

The deep sea or deep layer is the lowest layer in the ocean, existing below the thermocline and above the seabed, at a depth of 1000 fathoms (1800 m) or more.

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Demersal zone

The demersal zone is the part of the sea or ocean (or deep lake) consisting of the part of the water column near to (and significantly affected by) the seabed and the benthos.

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Dentin

Dentin (American English) or dentine (British English) (substantia eburnea) is a calcified tissue of the body and, along with enamel, cementum, and pulp, is one of the four major components of teeth.

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Diaphorocetus

Diaphorocetus is an extinct genus of cetacean.

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Dissostichus

Dissostichus, the toothfish, is a genus of cod icefishes found in the southern oceans.

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Dolphin

Dolphins are a widely distributed and diverse group of aquatic mammals.

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Dominica

Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.

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Dorsal fin

A dorsal fin is a fin located on the back of most marine and freshwater vertebrates such as fishes, cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises), and the (extinct) ichthyosaur.

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Dwarf sperm whale

The dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima, formerly Kogia simus) is one of three extant species in the sperm whale family.

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Encephalization quotient

Encephalization quotient (EQ) or encephalization level is a relative brain size measure that is defined as the ratio between actual brain mass and predicted brain mass for an animal of a given size, which may approximate intelligence level or cognition of the species.

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Endangered Species Act of 1973

The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA; 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.) is one of the few dozens of US environmental laws passed in the 1970s, and serves as the enacting legislation to carry out the provisions outlined in The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

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Essex (whaleship)

Essex was an American whaler from Nantucket, Massachusetts, launched in 1799.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Even-toed ungulate

The even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla) are ungulates (hoofed animals) whose weight is borne equally by the third and fourth toes.

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Evolutionary radiation

An evolutionary radiation is an increase in taxonomic diversity or morphological disparity, due to adaptive change or the opening of ecospace.

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Facet joint

The facet joints, (or zygapophysial joints, zygapophyseal, apophyseal, or Z-joints) are a set of synovial, plane joints between the articular processes of two adjacent vertebrae.

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False killer whale

The false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens) is the third-largest dolphin, a member of the oceanic dolphins.

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Feces

Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.

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Fiji

Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

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Fin whale

The fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), also known as finback whale or common rorqual and formerly known as herring whale or razorback whale, is a marine mammal belonging to the parvorder of baleen whales.

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Fixative (perfumery)

A fixative is used to equalize the vapor pressures, and thus the volatilities, of the raw materials in a perfume oil, as well as to increase the tenacity.

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Friedrich Ratzel

Friedrich Ratzel (August 30, 1844 – August 9, 1904) was a German geographer and ethnographer, notable for first using the term Lebensraum ("living space") in the sense that the National Socialists later would.

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Galápagos Islands

The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón, other Spanish name: Las Islas Galápagos), part of the Republic of Ecuador, are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the centre of the Western Hemisphere, west of continental Ecuador.

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Galician language

Galician (galego) is an Indo-European language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch.

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Ganghwa Island

Ganghwa Island, also known by its native name Ganghwado, is a South Korean island in the estuary of the Han River.

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Gascon language

Gascon is a dialect of Occitan.

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Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gestation

Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.

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Giant beaked whale

Giant beaked whales are species of beaked whales in the genus Berardius: Arnoux's beaked whale (Berardius arnuxii) in cold Southern Hemisphere waters, and Baird's beaked whale (Berardius bairdii) in the cold temperate waters of the North Pacific.

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Giant squid

The giant squid (genus Architeuthis) is a deep-ocean dwelling squid in the family Architeuthidae.

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Grand Banks of Newfoundland

The Grand Banks of Newfoundland are a group of underwater plateaus south-east of Newfoundland on the North American continental shelf.

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Greenwood Publishing Group

ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.

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Gulf of Alaska

The Gulf of Alaska (Golfe d'Alaska) is an arm of the Pacific Ocean defined by the curve of the southern coast of Alaska, stretching from the Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak Island in the west to the Alexander Archipelago in the east, where Glacier Bay and the Inside Passage are found.

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Gulf Stream

The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension the North Atlantic Drift, is a warm and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico and stretches to the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland before crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

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Guryongpo

Guryongpo is a town, or eup in Nam-gu, Pohang, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.

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Hemoglobin

Hemoglobin (American) or haemoglobin (British); abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.

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Herding

Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group (herd), maintaining the group, and moving the group from place to place—or any combination of those.

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Herman Melville

Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period.

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Histioteuthis

Histioteuthis is a genus of squid and the only member of the Histioteuthidae family.

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HuffPost

HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.

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Human

Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Human body weight

Human body weight refers to a person's mass or weight.

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Human brain

The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.

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Humboldt squid

The Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas), also known as jumbo squid, jumbo flying squid, pota, or diablo rojo (Red Devil), is a large, predatory squid living in the waters of the Humboldt Current in the eastern Pacific Ocean.

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Humpback whale

The humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a species of baleen whale.

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Hydrogen sulfide

Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.

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Hydrophone

A hydrophone (Ancient Greek ὕδωρ.

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Idiorophus

Idiorophus is a genus of toothed whales in the family Physeteridae.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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Integrated Taxonomic Information System

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) is an American partnership of federal agencies designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species.

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International Code of Zoological Nomenclature

The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is a widely accepted convention in zoology that rules the formal scientific naming of organisms treated as animals.

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International Union for Conservation of Nature

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

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International Whaling Commission

The International Whaling Commission (IWC) is an international body set up by the terms of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW), which was signed in Washington, D.C., United States, on December 2, 1946 to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

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Izu Islands

The are a group of volcanic islands stretching south and east from the Izu Peninsula of Honshū, Japan.

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Izu Peninsula

The is a large mountainous peninsula with deeply indented coasts to the west of Tokyo on the Pacific coast of the island of Honshū, Japan.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Joan Coromines

Joan Coromines i Vigneaux (also frequently spelled Joan Corominas;Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico, by Joan Corominas and José A. Pascual, Editorial Gredos, 1989, Madrid,. Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain 1905 – Pineda de Mar, Catalonia, Spain, 1997) was a linguist who made important contributions to the study of Catalan, Spanish, and other Romance languages.

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JoongAng Ilbo

JoongAng Ilbo (The Central Times) is a South Korean daily newspaper published in Seoul, South Korea.

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Kaikoura

Kaikoura ("Kaikōura", from "Te Ahi Kaikōura a Tama ki te Rangi") is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand.

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Karyotype

A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.

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Killer whale

| status.

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Kinkasan

, is a small island in Miyagi Prefecture in north-eastern Japan.

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Kogia

Kogia is a genus of toothed whales within the superfamily Physeteroidea comprising two extant and one extinct species: Fossils date to the miocene.

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Kogiidae

Kogiidae is a family comprising at least two extant species of Cetacea, the pygmy and dwarf sperm whales.

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Korean Peninsula

The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula of Eurasia located in East Asia.

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Kuril Islands

The Kuril Islands or Kurile Islands (or; p or r; Japanese: or), in Russia's Sakhalin Oblast region, form a volcanic archipelago that stretches approximately northeast from Hokkaido, Japan, to Kamchatka, Russia, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the north Pacific Ocean.

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Lactation

Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

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Largest body part

The largest body part is either the largest given body part across all living and extinct organisms or the largest example of a body part within an existing species.

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Latitude

In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.

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Leviathan

Leviathan is a sea monster referenced in the Hebrew Bible in the Book of Job, Psalms, the Book of Isaiah, and the Book of Amos.

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List of cetacean species

Cetaceans – whales, dolphins and porpoises – are placental marine mammals.

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List of marine mammal species

Marine mammals comprise over 130 living and recently extinct species in three taxonomic orders.

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List of sperm whale strandings

Strandings of sperm whales have occurred across much of their global range.

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List of U.S. state mammals

A state mammal is the official mammal of a U.S. state as designated by a state's legislature.

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Longline fishing

Longline fishing is a commercial fishing technique.

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Mandible

The mandible, lower jaw or jawbone is the largest, strongest and lowest bone in the human face.

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Marine biology

Marine biology is the scientific study of marine life, organisms in the sea.

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Marine debris

Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human-created waste that has deliberately or accidentally been released in a lake, sea, ocean or waterway.

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Māori people

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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Megamouth shark

The megamouth shark (Megachasma pelagios) is a species of deepwater shark.

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Melon (cetacean)

The melon is a mass of adipose tissue found in the forehead of all toothed whales.

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Metabolism

Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

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Middle Miocene

The Middle Miocene is a sub-epoch of the Miocene Epoch made up of two stages: the Langhian and Serravallian stages.

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Minke whale

The minke whale, or lesser rorqual, is a type of baleen whale.

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Miocene

The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).

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Moby-Dick

Moby-Dick; or, The Whale is an 1851 novel by American writer Herman Melville.

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Molecular phylogenetics

Molecular phylogenetics is the branch of phylogeny that analyzes genetic, hereditary molecular differences, predominately in DNA sequences, to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships.

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Monodontidae

The cetacean family Monodontidae comprises two unusual whale species, the narwhal, in which the male has a long tusk, and the dorsal fin-lacking, pure white beluga whale.

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Monophyly

In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.

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Myoglobin

Myoglobin (symbol Mb or MB) is an iron- and oxygen-binding protein found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates in general and in almost all mammals.

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Nantucket

Nantucket is an island about by ferry south from Cape Cod, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

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Nantucket Shoals

Nantucket Shoals is an area of dangerously shallow water in the Atlantic Ocean that extends from Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, eastward for and southeastward for; in places water depth can be as shallow as.

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Nantucket Whaling Museum

The Nantucket Whaling Museum is a museum located in Nantucket, Massachusetts, dedicated to the history of whaling.

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National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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Natural History Museum, London

The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.

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New England

New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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No Cut News

No Cut News is a daily newspaper run by South Korea's Christian Broadcasting System (기독교방송).

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Northern Mariana Islands

The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI; Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Refaluwasch or Carolinian: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas), is an insular area and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 15 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Oceanic dolphin

Oceanic dolphins or Delphinidae are a widely distributed family of dolphins that live in the sea.

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Octopoteuthis

Octopoteuthis is a genus of squid.

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Octopus

The octopus (or ~) is a soft-bodied, eight-armed mollusc of the order Octopoda.

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Oligocene

The Oligocene is a geologic epoch of the Paleogene Period and extends from about 33.9 million to 23 million years before the present (to). As with other older geologic periods, the rock beds that define the epoch are well identified but the exact dates of the start and end of the epoch are slightly uncertain.

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Order (biology)

In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.

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Orycterocetus

Orycterocetus is an extinct genus of sperm whale from the Miocene of the northern Atlantic Ocean.

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Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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Pacific Islands Cetaceans Memorandum of Understanding

The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the Conservation of Cetaceans and their Habitats in the Pacific Island Region is a Multilateral Environmental Memorandum of Understanding concluded under the auspices of the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, and in collaboration with the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP).

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Pars pro toto

Pars pro toto, Latin for "a part (taken) for the whole", is a figure of speech where the name of a portion of an object, place, or concept represents its entirety.

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Pearl

A pearl is a hard glistening object produced within the soft tissue (specifically the mantle) of a living shelled mollusk or another animal, such as a conulariid.

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Perfume

Perfume (parfum) is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Petroleum

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Physeteroidea

Physeteroidea is a superfamily that, today, includes three extant species of whales: the sperm whale, in the genus Physeter, and the pygmy sperm whale and dwarf sperm whale, in the genus Kogia.

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Phytoplankton

Phytoplankton are the autotrophic (self-feeding) components of the plankton community and a key part of oceans, seas and freshwater basin ecosystems.

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Pilot whale

Pilot whales are cetaceans belonging to the genus Globicephala.

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Plastic pollution

Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic products in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat and humans.

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Pliocene

The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.

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Polygyny

Polygyny (from Neoclassical Greek πολυγυνία from πολύ- poly- "many", and γυνή gyne "woman" or "wife") is the most common and accepted form of polygamy, entailing the marriage of a man with several women.

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Popular Science

Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.

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Porpoise

Porpoises are a group of fully aquatic marine mammals that are sometimes referred to as mereswine, all of which are classified under the family Phocoenidae, parvorder Odontoceti (toothed whales).

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Predation

Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).

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Proceedings of the Royal Society

Proceedings of the Royal Society is the parent title of two scientific journals published by the Royal Society.

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Prune

A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum.

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Pygmy sperm whale

The pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) is one of three species in the family Kogiidae in the sperm whale family.

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Pyramidal tracts

The pyramidal tracts include both the corticobulbar tract and the corticospinal tract.

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R/K selection theory

In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of combinations of traits in an organism that trade off between quantity and quality of offspring.

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Rausu, Hokkaido

is a town located in Nemuro Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

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Red blood cell

Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.

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Red Sea

The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.

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Relative density

Relative density, or specific gravity, is the ratio of the density (mass of a unit volume) of a substance to the density of a given reference material.

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Reproduction

Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".

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Rete mirabile

A rete mirabile (Latin for "wonderful net"; plural retia mirabilia) is a complex of arteries and veins lying very close to each other, found in some vertebrates, mainly warm-blooded ones.

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Rib cage

The rib cage is an arrangement of bones in the thorax of most vertebrates.

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Right whale

Right whales or black whales are three species of large baleen whales of the genus Eubalaena: the North Atlantic right whale (E. glacialis), the North Pacific right whale (E. japonica) and the Southern right whale (E. australis).

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River dolphin

River dolphins are a group of fully aquatic mammals that reside exclusively in freshwater or brackish water.

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Romance languages

The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.

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Rostrum (anatomy)

In anatomy, the term rostrum (from the Latin rostrum meaning beak) is used for a number of phylogenetically unrelated structures in different groups of animals.

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Ruminant

Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.

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Ryukyu Islands

The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.

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Sablefish

The sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) is one of two members of the fish family Anoplopomatidae and the only species in the genus Anoplopoma.

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Scaldicetus

Scaldicetus is an extinct genus of toothed cetacean related to sperm whales.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

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Sclera

The sclera, also known as the white of the eye, is the opaque, fibrous, protective, outer layer of the human eye containing mainly collagen and some elastic fiber.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scramble competition

In ecology, scramble competition (or complete symmetric competition) refers to a situation in which a resource is accessible to all competitors (that is, it is not monopolizable by an individual or group).

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Scrimshaw

Scrimshaw is the name given to scrollwork, engravings, and carvings done in bone or ivory.

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Scymnodon

Scymnodon is a genus of squaliform sharks in the family Somniosidae.

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Sea of Japan

The Sea of Japan (see below for other names) is a marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula and Russia.

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Seabed

The seabed (also known as the seafloor, sea floor, or ocean floor) is the bottom of the ocean.

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Semen

Semen, also known as seminal fluid, is an organic fluid that may contain spermatozoa.

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Sexual dimorphism

Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.

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Shire of Mornington Peninsula

The Shire of Mornington Peninsula is a local government area in Victoria, Australia.

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Shiretoko Peninsula

is located on the easternmost portion of the Japanese island of Hokkaidō, protruding into the Sea of Okhotsk.

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Sinan County, South Jeolla

Sinan County (Sinan-gun) is a county in South Jeolla Province, South Korea.

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Sloop

A sloop (from Dutch sloep, in turn from French chaloupe) is a sailing boat with a single mast and a fore-and-aft rig.

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Soap

Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.

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Society for Marine Mammalogy

The Society for Marine Mammalogy was founded in 1981 and is the largest international association of marine mammal scientists in the world.

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Solander Islands

The Solander Islands/Hautere are a small chain of uninhabited volcanic islets lying at, close to the western end of the Foveaux Strait in southern New Zealand.

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South Asian river dolphin

The South Asian river dolphin (Platanista gangetica) is an endangered freshwater or river dolphin found in the Indian subcontinent which is split into two subspecies, the Ganges river dolphin (P. g. gangetica)(~3,500 individuals) and the Indus river dolphin (P. g. minor)(~1,500 individuals).

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South Island

The South Island (Māori: Te Waipounamu) is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island.

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Southern right whale

The southern right whale (Eubalaena australis) is a baleen whale, one of three species classified as right whales belonging to the genus Eubalaena.

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Species

In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Specific name (zoology)

In zoological nomenclature, the specific name (also specific epithet or species epithet) is the second part (the second name) within the scientific name of a species (a binomen).

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Sperm whaling

Sperm whaling is the hunting of these marine mammals for the oil, meat and bone that can be extracted from their bodies.

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Spermaceti

Spermaceti (from Greek sperma meaning "seed", and ceti, the genitive form of "whale") is a waxy substance found in the head cavities of the sperm whale (and, in smaller quantities, in the oils of other whales).

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Springer Nature

Springer Nature is an academic publishing company created by the May 2015 merger of Springer Science+Business Media and Holtzbrinck Publishing Group's Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, and Macmillan Education.

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Squid

Squid are cephalopods of the two orders Myopsida and Oegopsida, which were formerly regarded as two suborders of the order Teuthida, however recent research shows Teuthida to be paraphyletic.

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Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Systema Naturae

(originally in Latin written with the ligature æ) is one of the major works of the Swedish botanist, zoologist and physician Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) and introduced the Linnaean taxonomy.

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Tabua

A tabua is a polished tooth of a sperm whale that is an important cultural item in Fijian society.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Tapetum lucidum

The tapetum lucidum (Latin: "bright tapestry; coverlet", plural tapeta lucida) is a layer of tissue in the eye of many vertebrates.

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Tokara Islands

The is an archipelago in the Nansei Islands, and are part of the Satsunan Islands, which is in turn part of the Ryukyu Archipelago.

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Tokyo Bay

is a bay located in the southern Kantō region of Japan, and spans the coasts of Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Chiba Prefecture.

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Tonga

Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited.

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Toothed whale

The toothed whales (systematic name Odontoceti) are a parvorder of cetaceans that includes dolphins, porpoises, and all other whales possessing teeth, such as the beaked whales and sperm whales.

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Tromsø

Tromsø (Romsa; Tromssa; Tromssa) is a city and municipality in Troms county, Norway.

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Ulsan

Ulsan, officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh-largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million inhabitants.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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University of Massachusetts Press

The University of Massachusetts Press is a university press that is part of the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

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Visual field

The visual field is the "spatial array of visual sensations available to observation in introspectionist psychological experiments".

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Volcano Islands

The or are a group of three Japanese islands south of the Bonin Islands that belong to the municipality of Ogasawara, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

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Vulgar Latin

Vulgar Latin or Sermo Vulgaris ("common speech") was a nonstandard form of Latin (as opposed to Classical Latin, the standard and literary version of the language) spoken in the Mediterranean region during and after the classical period of the Roman Empire.

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Vulnerable species

A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve.

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Walrus

The walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large flippered marine mammal with a discontinuous distribution about the North Pole in the Arctic Ocean and subarctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere.

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Whale

Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.

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Whale oil

Whale oil is oil obtained from the blubber of whales.

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Whale watching

Whale watching is the practice of observing whales and dolphins (cetaceans) in their natural habitat.

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Whaling

Whaling is the hunting of whales for scientific research and their usable products like meat, oil and blubber.

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Windkessel effect

Windkessel effect is a term used in medicine to account for the shape of the arterial blood pressure waveform in terms of the interaction between the stroke volume and the compliance of the aorta and large elastic arteries (Windkessel vessels).

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yakushima

is one of the Ōsumi Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Yellow Sea

The Yellow Sea or West Sea is located between China and Korea.

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Zygophyseter

Zygophyseter varolai is an extinct cetacean that lived during the Tortonian Age of the Late Miocene 11.2 to 7.6 million years ago, and was similar to the modern day sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus).

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10th edition of Systema Naturae

The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.

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Redirects here:

Cachalot, Cachelot, Catodon whale, Common Cachalot, Evolutionary history of sperm whales, Kashalot, Physeter, Physeter catodon, Physeter macrocephalus, Physeteridae Catadon, Physeteridae catadon, Potvis, Social behavior of sperm whales, Sperm Whale, Sperm wale, Sperm whales, Sperm-Whale, Spermacet whale, Spermwhale.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sperm_whale

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