95 relations: Agaric, Air pollution, Alternation of generations, Ambuchanania, American Journal of Botany, Anaerobic digestion, Annals of Botany, Archegonium, Arctic, Argentina, Blanket bog, Bog, Brazil, Bryophyte, Building insulation, Butter, Calcifuge, Calcium, Capillary action, Carl Linnaeus, Carnivorous plant, Cation-exchange capacity, Cell wall, Chile, Chlorine, Chlorophyll, Clonycavan Man, Coir, Compost, Denmark, Department of Conservation (New Zealand), Egtved Girl, Fascicle (botany), Flora of North America, Fragmentation (reproduction), Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, Fungus, Gametophyte, Gemma (botany), Genus, Gravitational constant, Hanging basket, Haraldskær Woman, Hyaline, Hydrogen, Ion, Lard, Lindow Man, List of Sphagnum species, Magnesium, ..., Microorganism, Mire, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Monophyly, Moss, Moss bioreactor, Mushroom, Mycelium, New Phytologist, New York Daily News, New Zealand, Northern Hemisphere, Norway, Oikos (journal), Operculum (botany), Orchidaceae, Peat, Phenols, Phylogenetics, Plant, Plant reproductive morphology, Potting soil, Protonema, Sand, Septic tank, Sequoia sempervirens, Soil conditioner, Southern Hemisphere, Species, Sperm, Sphagnaceae, Sphagnales, Sphagnopsida, Sphagnum cuspidatum, Sphagnum fuscum, Sphagnum magellanicum, Sphagnurus paluster, Sporophyte, Svalbard, Swimming pool sanitation, Tasmania, Tollund Man, Tundra, Vortex ring, Wired (magazine). Expand index (45 more) » « Shrink index
An agaric is a type of mushroom fungus fruiting body characterized by the presence of a pileus (cap) that is clearly differentiated from the stipe (stalk), with lamellae (gills) on the underside of the pileus.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Alternation of generations (also known as metagenesis) is the type of life cycle that occurs in those plants and algae in the Archaeplastida and the Heterokontophyta that have distinct sexual haploid and asexual diploid stages.
Ambuchanania leucobryoides is the only species in the monotypic genus Ambuchanania.
The American Journal of Botany is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal which covers all aspects of plant biology.
Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes by which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen.
Annals of Botany is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal, founded in 1887, that publishes research articles, brief communications, and reviews in all areas of botany.
An archegonium (pl: archegonia), from the ancient Greek ἀρχή ("beginning") and γόνος ("offspring"), is a multicellular structure or organ of the gametophyte phase of certain plants, producing and containing the ovum or female gamete.
The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Blanket bog or blanket mire, also known as featherbed bog, is an area of peatland, forming where there is a climate of high rainfall and a low level of evapotranspiration, allowing peat to develop not only in wet hollows but over large expanses of undulating ground.
A bog is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Bryophytes are an informal group consisting of three divisions of non-vascular land plants (embryophytes): the liverworts, hornworts and mosses.
Building insulation is any object in a building used as insulation for any purpose.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
A calcifuge is a plant that does not tolerate alkaline (basic) soil.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Capillary action (sometimes capillarity, capillary motion, capillary effect, or wicking) is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of, or even in opposition to, external forces like gravity.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients (but not energy) from trapping and consuming animals or protozoans, typically insects and other arthropods.
Cation-exchange capacity (CEC) is a measure of how many cations can be retained on soil particle surfaces.
A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
Clonycavan Man is the name given to a well-preserved Iron Age bog body found in Clonycavan, Ballivor, County Meath, Ireland in March 2003.
Coir, or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses.
Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
The Department of Conservation (DOC) (Māori: Te Papa Atawhai) is the public service department of New Zealand charged with the conservation of New Zealand's natural and historical heritage.
The Egtved Girl (c. 1390–1370 BC) was a Nordic Bronze Age girl whose well-preserved remains were discovered outside Egtved, Denmark in 1921.
In botany, a fascicle is a bundle of leaves or flowers growing crowded together; alternatively the term might refer to the vascular tissues that supply such an organ with nutrients.
The Flora of North America North of Mexico (usually referred to as FNA) is a multivolume work describing the native plants of North America.
Fragmentation or clonal fragmentation in multi cellular or colonial organisms is a form of asexual reproduction or cloning in which an organism is split into fragments.
The Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, also called Framework Programmes or abbreviated FP1 to FP7 with "FP8" being named "Horizon 2020", are funding programmes created by the European Union/European Commission to support and foster research in the European Research Area (ERA).
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
A gametophyte is one of the two alternating phases in the life cycle of plants and algae.
A gemma (plural gemmae) is a single cell, or a mass of cells, or a modified bud of tissue, that detaches from the parent and develops into a new individual.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
The gravitational constant (also known as the "universal gravitational constant", the "Newtonian constant of gravitation", or the "Cavendish gravitational constant"), denoted by the letter, is an empirical physical constant involved in the calculation of gravitational effects in Sir Isaac Newton's law of universal gravitation and in Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity.
A hanging basket is a suspended container used for growing decorative plants.
The Haraldskær Woman (or Haraldskjaer Woman) is a bog body of a woman found naturally preserved in a bog in Jutland, Denmark, and dating from about 490 BC (pre-Roman Iron Age).
A hyaline substance is one with a glassy appearance.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Lard is pig fat in both its rendered and unrendered forms.
Lindow Man, also known as Lindow II and (in jest) as Pete Marsh, is the preserved bog body of a man discovered in a peat bog at Lindow Moss near Wilmslow in Cheshire, North West England.
Around 380 species are currently recognised in the peat-moss genus Sphagnum.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.
A mire is a wetland type, dominated by living, peat-forming plants.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of evolutionary biology and phylogenetics.
In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
A moss bioreactor with ''Physcomitrella patens'' A moss bioreactor is a photobioreactor used for the cultivation and propagation of mosses.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
Fungal mycelium Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus or fungus-like bacterial colony, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae.
New Phytologist is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published on behalf of the New Phytologist Trust by Wiley-Blackwell.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the Equator.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Oikos is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in the field of ecology.
An operculum or (in plural) opercula are botanical terms describing a certain structure or structures of certain vascular plants, mosses, or fungi which act as a cap, flap, or lid.
The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.
Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.
In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Plant reproductive morphology is the study of the physical form and structure (the morphology) of those parts of plants directly or indirectly concerned with sexual reproduction.
Potting soil, also known as potting mix or potting compost, is a medium in which to grow plants, herbs and vegetables in a pot or other durable container.
A protonema (plural: protonemata) is a thread-like chain of cells that forms the earliest stage (the haploid phase) of the life cycle of mosses and liverworts.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
A septic tank is a chamber made of concrete, fiberglass, PVC or plastic, through which domestic wastewater (sewage) flows for primary treatment.
Sequoia sempervirens Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607 is the sole living species of the genus Sequoia in the cypress family Cupressaceae (formerly treated in Taxodiaceae).
A soil conditioner is a product which is added to soil to improve the soil’s physical qualities, usually its fertility (ability to provide nutrition for plants) and sometimes its mechanics.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").
The Sphagnaceae is a family of moss with only one living genus Sphagnum.
The Sphagnales is an order of moss with only four living genera: Ambuchanania, Eosphagnum, Flatbergium, and Sphagnum.
The Sphagnopsida includes a single subclass Sphagnidae, with two orders.
Sphagnum cuspidatum, the feathery bogmoss, toothed sphagnum or toothed peat moss, is a peat moss found commonly in Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, the eastern coast of the United States, and in Colombia.
Sphagnum fuscum, the rusty bogmoss or rusty peat moss, is a peat moss found commonly in Norway and Sweden, and can be found scattered across North America, the United Kingdom, and in southern to eastern Europe.
Sphagnum magellanicum, commonly called Magellanic bogmoss, Magellan's sphagnum, Magellan's peatmoss or midway peat moss, is a widespread species of moss found in wet places throughout boreal forests of North America, South America and Eurasia.
Sphagnurus paluster is a species of fungus in the family Lyophyllaceae which parasitizes Sphagnum moss.
A sporophyte is the diploid multicellular stage in the life cycle of a plant or alga.
Svalbard (prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen, still the name of its largest island) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
Swimming pool sanitation is the process of ensuring healthy conditions in swimming pools, hot tubs, plunge pools, and similar recreational water venues.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
Tollund Man is a naturally mummified corpse of a man who lived during the 4th century BC, during the period characterised in Scandinavia as the Pre-Roman Iron Age.
In physical geography, tundra is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.
A vortex ring, also called a toroidal vortex, is a torus-shaped vortex in a fluid or gas; that is, a region where the fluid mostly spins around an imaginary axis line that forms a closed loop.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.