104 relations: Acetone, Acid, Adhesive, Amino acid, AMSilk, Aramid, Araneus diadematus, Argiope argentata, Argyrodes, Armour, Atomic force microscopy, Atypus, Bacteria, Ballistics, Ballooning (spider), Beta sheet, Biomacromolecules, Biomolecular structure, BioSteel, Biotechnology, Bombyx mori, Breast implant, Carpathian Mountains, Catheter, Cellulose, Chelicerae, Ctenizidae, Darwin's bark spider, Deformation (mechanics), Diving bell spider, Ductility, Electrospinning, Energy density, Fiber, Fungus, Gene, Genetic engineering, Gland, Glass transition, Goat, Gold (color), Golden silk orb-weaver, Hair, Insulin, Integral, Jumping spider, KAIST, Kevlar, Kleptoparasitism, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, ..., Lipid, Macromolecular Rapid Communications, Madagascar, Mammal, Mass production, Methanol, Microfibril, Microfluidics, N-slit interferometer, Nephila clavipes, Neuron, Neutron scattering, Orb-weaver spider, Outerwear, Pascal (unit), Personal care, PH, Phosphate, Plasticizer, Polymer, Potassium, Potassium nitrate, Predation, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Progressive cavity pump, Protein, Proton, Pultrusion, Pyrrolidine, Reticle, Scytodes thoracica, Segestria florentina, Sericulture, Silk, Spider, Spider web, Spidroin, Spinneret, Spinning wheel, Steel, Taylor cone, Telescopic sight, Textile, The Journal of Experimental Biology, Toughness, Transgene, Transmission electron microscopy, Trends (journals), Twaron, Ultimate tensile strength, Units of textile measurement, University of Notre Dame, University of Wyoming, Vitamin K. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
AMSilk is an industrial supplier of synthetic silk biopolymers.
Aramid fibers are a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers.
The spider species Araneus diadematus is commonly called the European garden spider, diadem spider, cross spider and crowned orb weaver.
Argiope argentata is a species of spider in the family Araneidae (orb-weavers), found from the United States south to Chile and Argentina.
Spiders of the genus Argyrodes (Theridiidae), also called dewdrop spiders, occur worldwide.
Armour (British English or Canadian English) or armor (American English; see spelling differences) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual or vehicle by direct contact weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or activity (e.g., cycling, construction sites, etc.). Personal armour is used to protect soldiers and war animals.
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) or scanning force microscopy (SFM) is a very-high-resolution type of scanning probe microscopy (SPM), with demonstrated resolution on the order of fractions of a nanometer, more than 1000 times better than the optical diffraction limit.
Atypus is a genus of mygalomorph spider, the purse web spiders.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.
Ballooning, sometimes called kiting, is a process by which spiders, and some other small invertebrates, move through the air by releasing one or more gossamer threads to catch the wind, causing them to become airborne at the mercy of air currents.
The β-sheet (also β-pleated sheet) is a common motif of regular secondary structure in proteins.
Biomacromolecules is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 2000 by the American Chemical Society.
Biomolecular structure is the intricate folded, three-dimensional shape that is formed by a molecule of protein, DNA, or RNA, and that is important to its function.
BioSteel was a trademark name for a high-strength fiber-based material made of the recombinant spider silk-like protein extracted from the milk of transgenic goats, made by Nexia Biotechnologies, and later by the Randy Lewis lab of the University of Wyoming and Utah State University.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar or imago of the domestic silkmoth, Bombyx mori (Latin: "silkworm of the mulberry tree").
A breast implant is a prosthesis used to change the size, shape, and contour of a woman’s breast.
The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a mountain range system forming an arc roughly long across Central and Eastern Europe, making them the second-longest mountain range in Europe (after the Scandinavian Mountains). They provide the habitat for the largest European populations of brown bears, wolves, chamois, and lynxes, with the highest concentration in Romania, as well as over one third of all European plant species.
In medicine, a catheter is a thin tube made from medical grade materials serving a broad range of functions.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
The chelicerae are the mouthparts of the Chelicerata, an arthropod group that includes arachnids, horseshoe crabs, and sea spiders.
Ctenizidae is a small family of medium-sized mygalomorph spiders that construct burrows with a cork-like trapdoor made of soil, vegetation and silk.
Darwin's bark spider (scientific name Caerostris darwini) is an orb-weaver spider that produces one of the largest known orb webs, ranging from, with bridge lines spanning up to.
Deformation in continuum mechanics is the transformation of a body from a reference configuration to a current configuration.
The diving bell spider or water spider (Argyroneta aquatica) is the only species of spider known to live almost entirely under water.
Ductility is a measure of a material's ability to undergo significant plastic deformation before rupture, which may be expressed as percent elongation or percent area reduction from a tensile test.
Electrospinning is a fiber production method which uses electric force to draw charged threads of polymer solutions or polymer melts up to fiber diameters in the order of some hundred nanometers.
Energy density is the amount of energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit volume.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
A gland is a group of cells in an animal's body that synthesizes substances (such as hormones) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
The glass–liquid transition, or glass transition, is the gradual and reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials), from a hard and relatively brittle "glassy" state into a viscous or rubbery state as the temperature is increased.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
Gold, also called golden, is a color.
The golden silk orb-weavers (Nephila) are a genus of araneomorph spiders noted for the impressive webs they weave.
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
In mathematics, an integral assigns numbers to functions in a way that can describe displacement, area, volume, and other concepts that arise by combining infinitesimal data.
Jumping spiders are a group of spiders that constitute the family Salticidae.
KAIST (formally the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) is a public research university located in Daedeok Innopolis, Daejeon, South Korea.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
Kleptoparasitism (literally, parasitism by theft) is a form of feeding in which one animal takes prey or other food from another that has caught, collected, or otherwise prepared the food, including stored food (as in the case of cuckoo bees, which lay their eggs on the pollen masses made by other bees; food resources could also be in the form of hosts of parasitic or parasitoid wasps).
Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Inc. was founded by Kim Thompson in April 2006 to develop and commercialize spider silks and other high performance polymers using spider silk gene sequences discovered and invented at the University of Wyoming by Dr.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Macromolecular Rapid Communications is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering polymer science.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
A microfibril is a very fine fibril, or fiber-like strand, consisting of glycoproteins and cellulose.
Microfluidics deals with the behaviour, precise control and manipulation of fluids that are geometrically constrained to a small, typically sub-millimeter, scale at which capillary penetration governs mass transport.
The N-slit interferometer is an extension of the double-slit interferometer also known as Young's double-slit interferometer.
Nephila clavipes is the only species of golden orb-web spider indigenous to continental North and South America. In the United States it is commonly known as the "banana spider".
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
Neutron scattering, the irregular dispersal of free neutrons by matter, can refer to either the naturally occurring physical process itself or to the man-made experimental techniques that use the natural process for investigating materials.
Orb-weaver spiders or araneids are members of the spider family Araneidae.
Outerwear is clothing worn outdoors.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength.
Personal care or toiletries are consumer products used in personal hygiene and for beautification.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Proceedings of the Royal Society is the parent title of two scientific journals published by the Royal Society.
A progressive cavity pump is a type of positive displacement pump and is also known as a progressing cavity pump, progg cavity pump, eccentric screw pump or cavity pump.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Pultrusion is a continuous process for manufacture of composite materials with constant cross-section.
Pyrrolidine, also known as tetrahydropyrrole, is an organic compound with the molecular formula (CH2)4NH.
A reticle, or reticule, also known as a graticule, is a pattern of fine lines or markings built into the eyepiece of a sighting device, such as a telescopic sight in a telescope, a microscope, or the screen of an oscilloscope, to provide references during visual examination.
Scytodes thoracica is a spitting spider, so called because it spits a venomous sticky silken substance over its prey.
Segestria florentina is the biggest European segestriid spider.
Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Spiders (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom.
A spider web, spiderweb, spider's web, or cobweb (from the archaic word coppe, meaning "spider") is a device created by a spider out of proteinaceous spider silk extruded from its spinnerets, generally meant to catch its prey.
Spidroin is the main protein in a spider's dragline silk.
A spinneret is a silk-spinning organ of a spider or the larva of an insect.
A spinning wheel is a device for spinning thread or yarn from natural or synthetic fibres.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
A Taylor cone refers to the cone observed in electrospinning, electrospraying and hydrodynamic spray processes from which a jet of charged particles emanates above a threshold voltage.
A telescopic sight, commonly called a scope, is an optical sighting device that is based on a refracting telescope.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The Journal of Experimental Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of comparative physiology and integrative biology.
In materials science and metallurgy, toughness is the ability of a material to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing.
A transgene is a gene or genetic material that has been transferred naturally, or by any of a number of genetic engineering techniques from one organism to another.
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, also sometimes conventional transmission electron microscopy or CTEM) is a microscopy technique in which a beam of electrons is transmitted through a specimen to form an image.
Trends is a series of scientific journals owned by Elsevier that publish review articles in a range of areas of biology.
Twaron (a brand name of Teijin Aramid) is a para-aramid.
Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or Ftu within equations, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size.
Textile fibers, threads, yarns and fabrics are measured in a multiplicity of units.
The University of Notre Dame du Lac (or simply Notre Dame or ND) is a private, non-profit Catholic research university in the community of Notre Dame, Indiana, near the city of South Bend, in the United States.
The University of Wyoming is a land-grant university located in Laramie, Wyoming, situated on Wyoming's high Laramie Plains, at an elevation of 7,220 feet (2194 m), between the Laramie and Snowy Range mountains.
Vitamin K is a group of structurally similar, fat-soluble vitamins that the human body requires for complete synthesis of certain proteins that are prerequisites for blood coagulation (K from Koagulation, Danish for "coagulation") and which the body also needs for controlling binding of calcium in bones and other tissues.