148 relations: Africa, Afro-American religion, Afro-Eurasia, Aix-en-Provence possessions, Alcoholic drink, Alice Auma, Alter ego, Amulet, Angel, Animism, Anneliese Michel, Antoine Augustin Calmet, Automatic writing, Baal Shem, Bali, Baptism with the Holy Spirit, Bhaironji, Bonerate people, Buddhism, Calcium, Catholic Church, Catholic theology, Chili pepper, Chinese spirit possession, Christianity, Chuuk State, Clara Germana Cele, Coast Veddas, Deity, Demon, Demonic possession, Demonology, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Digo people, Dissociative identity disorder, Drawing down the Moon (ritual), Dybbuk, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, Ensete, Enthusiasm, Epilepsy, Ethiopia, Exorcism, Exorcism of Roland Doe, Extraterrestrial life, Fallen angel, Federated States of Micronesia, George Lukins, Giriama people, God in Islam, ..., Goddess, Guédé, Gurage people, Hadimu, Haitian Vodou, Hausa animism, Hinduism, Human body, Hyang, Hysteria, Incantation bowl, Indonesia, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Islam, Jamaican Maroon spirit-possession language, Janice Boddy, Jewish folklore, Jewish magical papyri, Johann Blumhardt, Kenya, Korean shamanism, Kundalini, Liqueur, Loa, Loudun possessions, Louviers possessions, Malaysia, Mania, Mass hysteria, Mayotte, Mediumship, Mental disorder, Michael Taylor (demoniac), Monomania, Mozambican Civil War, Mozambique, Muslim, Necromancy, New Guinea Highlands, Niacin, North Africa, Nympholepsy, Obsession (Spiritism), Ok languages, Ostracon, Pomba Gira, Predestination in Islam, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Quran, Rajasthan, Sanghyang, Schizophrenia, Schools of Islamic theology, Second Temple period, Shedim, Shi (personator), Shinto, Sidama people, South Africa, Southeast Asia, Spirit, Spirit spouse, Spiritualist church, Sri Lankan Tamil dialects, Sri Lankan Tamils, Sudan, Sukuma people, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tamils, Tanakh, Tanzania, Taoism, Thiamine, Tok Pisin, Tourette syndrome, Traité sur les apparitions des esprits et sur les vampires ou les revenans de Hongrie, de Moravie, &c., Transkei, Tryptophan, Uganda, Umbanda, Unclean spirit, Urap language, Urapmin people, Vajrayana, Vedda language, Vitamin D, Walk-in, Watseka Wonder, Wicca, Will (philosophy), Xesibe, Xhosa language, Yunlin County, Zanzibar, Zār, Zebola. Expand index (98 more) » « Shrink index
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Afro-diasporic religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States.
Afro-Eurasia (or Afroeurasia,Field, Henry. "", American Anthropologist, New Series Vol. 50, No. 3, Part 1 (Jul. - Sep., 1948), pp. 479-493. or Eurafrasia, or nicknamed the World Island) is a landmass which can be subdivided into Africa and Eurasia (which can be further subdivided into Asia and Europe).
The Aix-en-Provence possessions were a series of alleged cases of demonic possession occurring among the Ursuline nuns of Aix-en-Provence (South of France) in 1611.
An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.
Alice Auma (1956 – 17 January 2007) was an Acholi spirit-medium who, as the head of the Holy Spirit Movement (HSM), led a millennial rebellion against the Ugandan government forces of President Yoweri Museveni from August 1986 until November 1987.
An alter ego (Latin, "the other I") is a second self, which is believed to be distinct from a person's normal or true original personality.
An amulet is an object that is typically worn on one's person, that some people believe has the magical or miraculous power to protect its holder, either to protect them in general or to protect them from some specific thing; it is often also used as an ornament though that may not be the intended purpose of it.
An angel is generally a supernatural being found in various religions and mythologies.
Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Anna Elisabeth "Anneliese" Michel (21 September 1952 – 1 July 1976) was a German woman who underwent Catholic exorcism rites during the year before her death.
Antoine Augustin Calmet, O.S.B. (26 February 167225 October 1757), a French Benedictine monk, was born at Ménil-la-Horgne, then in the Duchy of Bar, part of the Holy Roman Empire (now the French department of Meuse, located in the region of Lorraine).
Automatic writing or psychography is a claimed psychic ability allowing a person to produce written words without consciously writing.
Baal Shem (Hebrew: בַּעַל שֵׁם, pl. Baalei Shem) in Hebrew meaning "Master of the Name", refers to a historical Jewish occupation of certain kabbalistic rabbis with knowledge of using names of God in Judaism for practical kabbalah healing, miracles, exorcismStudies in East European Jewish Mysticism and Hasidism, Joseph Weiss, Littman Library: chapter 1 "Some Notes on the Social Background of Early Hasidism", chapter 2 "A Circle of Pneumatics in Pre-Hasidism" and blessing.
Bali (Balinese:, Indonesian: Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia with the biggest Hindu population.
In Christian theology, baptism with the Holy Spirit (also called baptism in the Holy Spirit or Spirit baptism) or baptism with the Holy Ghost, is distinguished from baptism with water.
Bhaironji is an underworld god in Rajasthan, India.
The Bonerate people are an ethnic group in South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Catholic theology is the understanding of Catholic doctrine or teachings, and results from the studies of theologians.
The chili pepper (also chile pepper, chilli pepper, or simply chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids. Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced. China is the world's largest producer of green chillies, providing half of the global total.
Chinese spirit possession is a practice performed by specialists called jitong (a type of shamans) in Chinese folk religion, involving the "channelling" of Chinese deities who take control of the specialist's body, resulting in noticeable changes in body functions and behaviour.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Chuuk State (also known as Truk) is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM).
Clara Germana Cele was a Christian woman, who in 1906, was said to be possessed by a demon.
The Coast Veddas, by self-designation, form a social group within the minority Sri Lankan Tamil ethnic group of the Eastern province of Sri Lanka.
A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred.
A demon (from Koine Greek δαιμόνιον daimónion) is a supernatural and often malevolent being prevalent in religion, occultism, literature, fiction, mythology and folklore.
Demonic possession is believed by some, to be the process by which individuals are possessed by malevolent preternatural beings, commonly referred to as demons or devils.
Demonology is the study of demons or beliefs about demons, especially the methods used to summon and control them.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
The Digo are an ethnic and linguistic group based near the Indian Ocean coast between Mombasa in southern Kenya and Tanga in northern Tanzania.
Dissociative identity disorder (DID), also known as multiple personality disorder, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring personality states.
Drawing down the Moon (also known as drawing down the Goddess) is a central ritual in many contemporary Wiccan traditions.
In Jewish mythology, a dybbuk (דיבוק, from the Hebrew verb dāḇaq meaning "adhere" or "cling") is a malicious possessing spirit believed to be the dislocated soul of a dead person.
The Eastern Province (கிழக்கு மாகாணம் Kil̮akku Mākāṇam; නැගෙනහිර පළාත Næ̆gĕnahira Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.
Ensete is a genus of monocarpic flowering plants native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia.
Enthusiasm is intense enjoyment, interest, or approval.
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Exorcism (from Greek εξορκισμός, exorkismós "binding by oath") is the religious or spiritual practice of evicting demons or other spiritual entities from a person, or an area, that are believed to be possessed.
In the late 1940s, in the United States, priests of the Roman Catholic Church performed a series of exorcisms on an anonymous boy, documented under the pseudonym "Roland Doe" or "Robbie Mannheim".
Extraterrestrial life,Where "extraterrestrial" is derived from the Latin extra ("beyond", "not of") and terrestris ("of Earth", "belonging to Earth").
Fallen angels are angels who were expelled from Heaven.
The Federated States of Micronesia (abbreviated FSM and also known simply as Micronesia) is an independent sovereign island nation and a United States associated state consisting of four states from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosraethat are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean.
George Lukins, also known as the Yatton daemoniac, was an individual infamous for his alleged demonic possession and the subsequent exorcism that occurred in 1788 when he was aged forty-four; his case occasioned great controversy in England.
The Giriama (also called Giryama) are one of the nine ethnic groups that make up the Mijikenda (which literally translates to "nine towns").
In Islam, God (Allāh, contraction of الْإِلٰه al-ilāh, lit. "the god") is indivisible, the God, the absolute one, the all-powerful and all-knowing ruler of the universe, and the creator of everything in existence within the universe.
A goddess is a female deity.
In Haiti, the Guédé (also spelled Gede or Ghede, pronounced in Haitian Creole) are the family of Loa that embody the powers of death and fertility.
The Guraghe people are an Ethiopian Semitic-speaking ethnic group inhabiting Ethiopia.
The Hadimu are an indigenous ethnic group in Zanzibar.
Haitian Vodou (also written as Vaudou; known commonly as Voodoo, sometimes as Vodun, Vodoun, Vodu, or Vaudoux) is a syncretic religion practiced chiefly in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora.
Hausa animism or Bori is an African traditional religion of the Hausa people of West Africa that involves spirit possession.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The human body is the entire structure of a human being.
A hyang (Kawi, Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese) is an unseen spiritual entity that has supernatural power in ancient Indonesian mythology.
Hysteria, in the colloquial use of the term, means ungovernable emotional excess.
An incantation bowl, also known as a demon bowl, devil-trap bowl, or magic bowl, is a form of early protective magic found in modern-day Iraq and Iran.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jamaican Maroon spirit-possession language, Maroon Spirit language, Jamaican Maroon Creole or Deep patwa is a ritual language and formerly mother tongue of Jamaican Maroons.
Janice Boddy is a Canadian anthropologist, currently Professor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto.
Jewish folklore are legends, music, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, fairy tales, stories, tall tales, and customs that are the traditions of Judaism.
Jewish magical papyri are a subclass of papyri with specific Jewish magical uses, and which shed light on popular belief during the late Second Temple Period and after in Late Antiquity.
Johann Christoph Blumhardt (16 July 1805 – 25 February 1880) was a German Lutheran theologian and the father of Christoph Blumhardt.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Korean shamanism, also known as Shinism (Hangul 신교, Hanja 神敎; Shingyo or Shinkyo, "religion of the spirits/gods"), or Shindo (Hangul: 신도; Hanja: 神道, "way of the spirits/gods"), is the collective term for the ethnic religions of Korea which date back to prehistory, and consist in the worship of gods (신 shin) and ancestors (조상 josang).
Kundalini (Sanskrit: कुण्डलिनी,, "coiled one"), in Hinduism refers to a form of primal energy (or shakti) said to be located at the base of the spine.
A liqueur is an alcoholic beverage made from a distilled spirit that has been flavored with either fruit, cream, herbs, spices, flowers or nuts, and is bottled with added sugars and other sweeteners (such as high-fructose corn syrup).
Loa (also spelled lwa) are the spirits of Haitian Vodou and Louisiana Voodoo.
The Loudun possessions was a notorious witchcraft trial in Loudun, France in 1634.
The possessions at Louviers (Normandy, France), similar to those in Aix-en-Provence, occurred at the Louviers Convent in 1647.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mania, also known as manic syndrome, is a state of abnormally elevated arousal, affect, and energy level, or "a state of heightened overall activation with enhanced affective expression together with lability of affect." Although mania is often conceived as a "mirror image" to depression, the heightened mood can be either euphoric or irritable; indeed, as the mania intensifies, irritability can be more pronounced and result in violence, or anxiety.
In sociology and psychology, mass hysteria (also known as collective hysteria, group hysteria, or collective obsessional behavior) is a phenomenon that transmits collective illusions of threats, whether real or imaginary, through a population in society as a result of rumors and fear (memory acknowledgement).
Mayotte (Mayotte,; Shimaore: Maore,; Mahori) is an insular department and region of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French: Département de Mayotte).
Mediumship is the practice of certain people—known as mediums—to purportedly mediate communication between spirits of the dead and living human beings.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Michael Taylor (born circa 1944) became notable in England in 1974 as a result of the Ossett murder case and his alleged demonic possession.
In 19th-century psychiatry, monomania (from Greek monos, one, and mania, meaning "madness" or "frenzy") was a form of partial insanity conceived as single pathological preoccupation in an otherwise sound mind.
The Mozambican Civil War was a civil war fought in Mozambique from 1977 to 1992.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Necromancy is a practice of magic involving communication with the deceased – either by summoning their spirit as an apparition or raising them bodily – for the purpose of divination, imparting the means to foretell future events or discover hidden knowledge, to bring someone back from the dead, or to use the deceased as a weapon, as the term may sometimes be used in a more general sense to refer to black magic or witchcraft.
The New Guinea Highlands, also known as the Central Range or Central Cordillera, are a chain of mountain ranges and intermountain river valleys, many of which support thriving agricultural communities, on the large island of New Guinea.
Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
Nympholepsy was the belief of the ancient Greeks that individuals could be possessed by the nymphs.
Obsession, also known as spirit obsession, is a technical term within the Spiritist belief and practice defined by the author Allan Kardec as the interference of a subjugating spirit with a weaker spirit (cf. Latin obsidere, "besiege").
The Oksapmin languages are a family of a score of related Trans–New Guinea languages spoken in a contiguous area of eastern Irian Jaya and western Papua New Guinea.
An ostracon (Greek: ὄστρακον ostrakon, plural ὄστρακα ostraka) is a piece of pottery, usually broken off from a vase or other earthenware vessel.
Pomba Gira is the name of an Afro-Brazilian spirit evoked by practitioners of Umbanda and Quimbanda in Brazil.
Qadar (قدر, transliterated qadar, meaning "fate", "divine fore-ordainment", "predestination", "Yes God Knows where one will lead themselves, either heaven or hell, but the individual is held responsible according to their actions and choices for the outcome".)J.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that results in difficulties telling what is real and what is not.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Sanghyang is a sacred Balinese dance, based on the idea that a force enters the body of an entranced performer.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Schools of Islamic theology are various Islamic schools and branches in different schools of thought regarding aqidah (creed).
The Second Temple period in Jewish history lasted between 530 BCE and 70 CE, when the Second Temple of Jerusalem existed.
Shedim is the Hebrew word for demons or spirits and also designates a supernatural creature in Jewish folklore.
The shi was a ceremonial "personator" who represented a dead relative during ancient Chinese ancestral sacrifices.
or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
The Sidama people (Ge'ez: ሲዳማ) are an ethnic group traditionally inhabiting the Sidama Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (SNNPR) in Ethiopia.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
A spirit is a supernatural being, often but not exclusively a non-physical entity; such as a ghost, fairy, or angel.
The spirit spouse is one of the most widespread elements of shamanism, distributed through all continents and at all cultural levels.
A spiritualist church is a church affiliated with the informal spiritualist movement which began in the United States in the 1840s.
The Sri Lankan Tamil dialects or Ceylon Tamil dialects form a group of Tamil dialects used in the modern country of Sri Lanka by Sri Lankan Tamil people that is distinct from the dialects of modern Tamil spoken in Tamil Nadu and Kerala states of India.
Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
The Sukuma are a Bantu ethnic group inhabiting the southeastern African Great Lakes region.
Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes, is an island in Indonesia.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilans, or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.
The Tanakh (or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach), also called the Mikra or Hebrew Bible, is the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is also a textual source for the Christian Old Testament.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food, and manufactured as a dietary supplement and medication.
Tok Pisin is a creole language spoken throughout Papua New Guinea.
Tourette syndrome (TS or simply Tourette's) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic.
Traité sur les apparitions des esprits et sur les vampires ou les revenans de Hongrie, de Moravie, &c.
Traité sur les apparitions des esprits et sur les vampires ou les revenans de Hongrie, de Moravie, &c. (Treatise on the Apparitions of Spirits and on Vampires or Revenants of Hungary, Moravia, et al.) is one of the many works by an Abbot monk named Antoine Augustin Calmet, an exegete and an 18th century Lorraine scholar of the Benedictine Order; also known as Dom Calmet.
Transkei (meaning the area beyond the river Kei), officially the Republic of Transkei (iRiphabliki yeTranskei), was an unrecognised state in the southeastern region of South Africa from 1976 to 1994.
Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
Umbanda is a syncretic Afro-Brazilian religion that blends African traditions with Roman Catholicism, Spiritism, and Indigenous American beliefs.
In English translations of the Bible, unclean spirit is a common rendering of Greek pneuma akatharton (πνεῦμα ἀκάθαρτον; plural pneumata akatharta (πνεύματα ἀκάθαρτα)), which in its single occurrence in the Septuagint translates Hebrew tum'ah (רוח טומאה).
Urapmin or Urap is a language spoken by the Urapmin people in Papua New Guinea.
The Urapmin people are an ethnic group numbering about 375 people in the Telefomin District of the West Sepik Province of Papua New Guinea.
Vajrayāna, Mantrayāna, Tantrayāna, Tantric Buddhism and Esoteric Buddhism are the various Buddhist traditions of Tantra and "Secret Mantra", which developed in medieval India and spread to Tibet and East Asia.
Vedda is an endangered language which is used by the indigenous Vedda people of Sri Lanka.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
A walk-in is a new-age concept of a person whose original soul has departed his or her body and has been replaced with a new, generally more advanced, soul.
Watseka Wonder is the name given to the alleged spiritual possession of fourteen-year-old Lurancy Vennum of Watseka, Illinois in the late 19th century.
Wicca, also termed Pagan Witchcraft, is a contemporary Pagan new religious movement.
Will, generally, is that faculty of the mind which selects, at the moment of decision, the strongest desire from among the various desires present.
The Xesibe are a Xhosa-speaking people from Transkei, South Africa.
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
Yunlin County is a county in western Taiwan.
Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania.
In the cultures of the Horn of Africa and adjacent regions of the Middle East, Zār (زار, ዛር) is the term for a demon or spirit assumed to possess individuals, mostly women, and to cause discomfort or illness.
Zebola, also, Jebola, is a women's spirit possession dance ritual practised by certain ethnic groups of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.