117 relations: Alexander Kashlinsky, American Astronomical Society, Astronomical unit, Astronomy, Atmosphere of Earth, Ball Aerospace & Technologies, Barred spiral galaxy, Beryllium, Big Bang, Bipolar outflow, Boulder, Colorado, Brown dwarf, Calibration, California Institute of Technology, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17, Centaur (rocket stage), Chandra X-ray Observatory, Circumstellar habitable zone, CoKu Tau/4, Constellation, Coordinated Universal Time, Cornell University, Cryogenics, Delta II, Double Helix Nebula, Draco (constellation), European Space Agency, Exoplanet, Expansion of the universe, Forsterite, Frequency, Galaxy, Geocentric orbit, George H. Rieke, GN-z11, Goddard Space Flight Center, Gould Belt, Gould Belt Survey, Gravitational microlensing, Great Observatories program, Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, HD 189733 b, HD 209458 b, HD 219134 b, Heliocentric orbit, Herschel Space Observatory, Hubble Space Telescope, Icarus (journal), Infrared, ..., Infrared Array Camera, Infrared astronomy, Infrared Science Archive, Infrared Space Observatory, Infrared telescope, IRAS, James R. Houck, James Webb Space Telescope, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, John C. Mather, L1014, Liquid helium, Liquid hydrogen, Liquid oxygen, List of largest infrared telescopes, List of space telescopes, Lockheed Martin, Lockheed Missiles and Space Company, Lyman Spitzer, Methods of detecting exoplanets, Micrometre, Milky Way, Missouri, NASA, NASA Deep Space Network, National Academy of Sciences, National Space Science Data Center, Nature (journal), Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory, Observatory, Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment, Photometry (astronomy), Primary mirror, Protostar, Quasar, RAND Corporation, Redshift, Rings of Saturn, Ritchey–Chrétien telescope, Rocket, Satellite, Saturn, Serpens, Serpens South, Space Shuttle, Space telescope, Spacelab, Spectrophotometry, Spectroscopy, St. Louis, Stardust (spacecraft), STS-51-F, STS-51-L, Supermassive black hole, Telescope, The Astrophysical Journal, TRAPPIST-1, TrES-1b, University of Arizona, University of Texas at Austin, University of Wisconsin System, University of Wisconsin–Madison, University of Wisconsin–Whitewater, Water, Wavelength, Young stellar object, 81P/Wild. Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander (Sasha) Kashlinsky (born 1957 in Riga) is an astronomer and cosmologist working at NASA Goddard-Space-Flight-Center, known for work on dark flow and the cosmic infrared background.
The American Astronomical Society (AAS, sometimes spoken as "double-A-S") is an American society of professional astronomers and other interested individuals, headquartered in Washington, DC.
The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (commonly Ball Aerospace) is an American manufacturer of spacecraft, components, and instruments for national defense, civil space and commercial space applications.
A barred spiral galaxy is a spiral galaxy with a central bar-shaped structure composed of stars.
Beryllium is a chemical element with symbol Be and atomic number 4.
The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution.
A bipolar outflow comprises two continuous flows of gas from the poles of a star.
Boulder is the home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Boulder County, and the 11th most populous municipality in the U.S. state of Colorado.
Brown dwarfs are substellar objects that occupy the mass range between the heaviest gas giant planets and the lightest stars, having masses between approximately 13 to 75–80 times that of Jupiter, or approximately to about.
Calibration in measurement technology and metrology is the comparison of measurement values delivered by a device under test with those of a calibration standard of known accuracy.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17 (SLC-17), previously designated Launch Complex 17 (LC-17), was a launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida used for Thor and Delta rocket launches between 1958 and 2011.
Centaur has been designed to be the upper stage of space launch vehicles and is used on the Atlas V. Centaur was the world's first high-energy upper stage, burning liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid oxygen (LOX).
The Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO), previously known as the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), is a Flagship-class space observatory launched on STS-93 by NASA on July 23, 1999.
In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, is the range of orbits around a star within which a planetary surface can support liquid water given sufficient atmospheric pressure.
CoKu Tau/4 is a pre-main-sequence binary T Tauri star system in the constellation Taurus.
A constellation is a group of stars that are considered to form imaginary outlines or meaningful patterns on the celestial sphere, typically representing animals, mythological people or gods, mythological creatures, or manufactured devices.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.
Delta II is an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas.
The Double Helix Nebula is a gaseous nebula in the direction of the constellation Ophiuchus, near the center of our galaxy.
Draco is a constellation in the far northern sky.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
An exoplanet or extrasolar planet is a planet outside our solar system.
The expansion of the universe is the increase of the distance between two distant parts of the universe with time.
Forsterite (Mg2SiO4; commonly abbreviated as Fo) is the magnesium-rich end-member of the olivine solid solution series.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter.
A geocentric orbit or Earth orbit involves any object orbiting Planet Earth, such as the Moon or artificial satellites.
George H. Rieke (born January 5, 1943), a noted American infrared astronomer, is former Deputy Director of the Steward Observatory and Regents Professor of Astronomy and Planetary Sciences at the University of Arizona in Tucson.
GN-z11 is a high-redshift galaxy found in the constellation Ursa Major.
The Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is a major NASA space research laboratory located approximately northeast of Washington, D.C. in Greenbelt, Maryland, United States.
The Gould Belt is a partial ring of stars in the Milky Way, about 3000 light years across, tilted toward the galactic plane by about 16 to 20 degrees.
The Gould Belt Survey is an astronomical research project led by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, with the participation of several other institutions.
Gravitational microlensing is an astronomical phenomenon due to the gravitational lens effect.
NASA's series of Great Observatories satellites are four large, powerful space-based astronomical telescopes.
The Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) is a research institute which carries out a broad program of research in astronomy, astrophysics, earth and space sciences, and science education.
HD 189733 b is an extrasolar planet approximately 63 light-years away from the Solar System in the constellation of Vulpecula.
HD 209458 b, also given the nickname Osiris,http://exoplanets.co/exoplanets-tutorial/extrasolar-planet-hd-209458-b.html is an exoplanet that orbits the solar analog HD 209458 in the constellation Pegasus, some 159 light-years from the Solar System.
HD 219134 b (or HR 8832 b) is one of at least five exoplanets orbiting HR 8832, a main-sequence star in the constellation of Cassiopeia.
A heliocentric orbit (also called circumsolar orbit) is an orbit around the barycenter of the Solar System, which is usually located within or very near the surface of the Sun.
The Herschel Space Observatory was a space observatory built and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA).
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
Icarus is a scientific journal dedicated to the field of planetary science.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
The Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) is an infrared camera system on the Spitzer Space Telescope which operates in the mid-infrared spectrum.
Infrared astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics that studies astronomical objects visible in infrared (IR) radiation.
The Infrared Science Archive (IRSA) curates the science products of NASA's infrared and submillimeter projects, such as the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS), and the Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS).
The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) was a space telescope for infrared light designed and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), in cooperation with ISAS (part of JAXA as of 2003) and NASA.
An infrared telescope is a telescope that uses infrared light to detect celestial bodies.
The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) was the first-ever space telescope to perform a survey of the entire night sky at infrared wavelengths.
James Richard Houck (October 5, 1940 – September 18, 2015) was the Kenneth A. Wallace Professor of Astronomy at Cornell University.
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a space telescope developed in collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency, and the Canadian Space Agency that will be the scientific successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
John Cromwell Mather (born August 7, 1946, Roanoke, Virginia) is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his work on the Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite (COBE) with George Smoot.
L1014 is a dark nebula in Cygnus constellation.
At standard pressure, the chemical element helium exists in a liquid form only at the extremely low temperature of −270 °C (about 4 K or −452.2 °F).
Liquid hydrogen (LH2 or LH2) is the liquid state of the element hydrogen.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
List of largest infrared telescopes, by diameter of entrance aperture, oriented towards large observatories dedicated to infrared astronomy.
This list of space telescopes (astronomical space observatories) is grouped by major frequency ranges: gamma ray, x-ray, ultraviolet, visible, infrared, microwave and radio.
Lockheed Martin is an American global aerospace, defense, security and advanced technologies company with worldwide interests.
Lockheed Missiles and Space Company (LMSC) was a unit of the Lockheed Corporation "Missiles, Space, and Electronics Systems Group." LMSC was started by Willis Hawkins who served as its president.
Lyman Strong Spitzer, Jr. (June 26, 1914 – March 31, 1997) was an American theoretical physicist, astronomer and mountaineer.
Any planet is an extremely faint light source compared to its parent star.
The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) is a worldwide network of US spacecraft communication facilities, located in the United States (California), Spain (Madrid), and Australia (Canberra), that supports NASA's interplanetary spacecraft missions.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Space Science Data Center serves as the permanent archive for NASA space science mission data.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
The Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory, previously called the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission, is a NASA space telescope designed to detect gamma-ray bursts (GRBs).
An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial or celestial events.
The Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE) is a Polish astronomical project based at the University of Warsaw that runs a long-term variability sky survey (1992-present).
Photometry is a technique of astronomy concerned with measuring the flux, or intensity of an astronomical object's electromagnetic radiation.
A primary mirror (or primary) is the principal light-gathering surface (the objective) of a reflecting telescope.
A protostar is a very young star that is still gathering mass from its parent molecular cloud.
A quasar (also known as a QSO or quasi-stellar object) is an extremely luminous active galactic nucleus (AGN).
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
In physics, redshift happens when light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object is increased in wavelength, or shifted to the red end of the spectrum.
The rings of Saturn are the most extensive ring system of any planet in the Solar System.
A Ritchey–Chrétien telescope (RCT or simply RC) is a specialized variant of the Cassegrain telescope that has a hyperbolic primary mirror and a hyperbolic secondary mirror designed to eliminate off-axis optical errors (coma).
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
Serpens ("the Serpent", Greek Ὄφις) is a constellation of the northern hemisphere.
The Serpens South star cluster is a relatively dense group of more than 600 young stars, dozens of which are protostars just beginning to form.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
A space telescope or space observatory is an instrument located in outer space to observe distant planets, galaxies and other astronomical objects.
Spacelab was a reusable laboratory used on certain spaceflights flown by the Space Shuttle.
In chemistry, spectrophotometry is the quantitative measurement of the reflection or transmission properties of a material as a function of wavelength.
Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
Stardust was a 390 kilogram robotic space probe launched by NASA on 7 February 1999.
STS-51-F (also known as Spacelab 2) was the nineteenth flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program and the eighth flight of Space Shuttle ''Challenger''.
STS-51-L was the 25th mission of the United States Space Shuttle program, and disastrous final mission of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger''.
A supermassive black hole (SMBH or SBH) is the largest type of black hole, on the order of hundreds of thousands to billions of solar masses, and is found in the centre of almost all currently known massive galaxies.
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).
The Astrophysical Journal, often abbreviated ApJ (pronounced "ap jay") in references and speech, is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of astrophysics and astronomy, established in 1895 by American astronomers George Ellery Hale and James Edward Keeler.
TRAPPIST-1, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285, is an ultra-cool red dwarf star that is slightly larger, but much more massive, than the planet Jupiter; it is located from the Sun, in the direction described as the constellation Aquarius.
The University of Arizona (also referred to as U of A, UA, or Arizona) is a public research university in Tucson, Arizona.
The University of Texas at Austin (UT, UT Austin, or Texas) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
The University of Wisconsin System is a university system of public universities in the state of Wisconsin.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, UW, or regionally as UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin, United States.
The University of Wisconsin–Whitewater, also known as UW–Whitewater, is a four-year, co-educational, residential college accredited by the Higher Learning Commission.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.
Young stellar object (YSO) denotes a star in its early stage of evolution.
Comet 81P/Wild, also known as Wild 2 (pronounced "vilt two"), is a comet named after Swiss astronomer Paul Wild, who discovered it on January 6, 1978, using a 40-cm Schmidt telescope at Zimmerwald, Switzerland.
2003-038A, Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer, SIRTF, Space Infrared Telescope Facility, Spitzer (spacecraft), Spitzer Space telescope, Spitzer Telescope, Spitzer Warm Mission, Spitzer space telescope, Spitzer telescope.