239 relations: AAA Championships, Across the Tracks, All-comers track meet, All-weather running track, Amateur, Amateur Athletic Association of England, Amateur Athletic Union, Amateur sports, Amputation, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek, Ancient Olympic Games, Ancient Olympic pentathlon, Aristocracy (class), Aristotle, Asian Athletics Association, Asian Cross Country Championships, Asphalt concrete, Association of Track and Field Statisticians, Athlete, Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics, Athletics at the 1928 Summer Olympics, Athletics at the 1960 Summer Paralympics, Athletics at the 1999 Pan American Games, Athletics at the Summer Olympics, Athletics at the Summer Paralympics, Athletics Canada, Athletics Weekly, Berlin Marathon, Biographical film, Boston Marathon, British Empire, Burt Lancaster, Celts, Centurion (racewalking), Cerebral palsy, Chariots of Fire, Chicago Marathon, Cinder, Combined track and field events, Commonwealth Games, Confederation of African Athletics, CONSUDATLE, Cotswold Olimpick Games, Cross country running, Decathlon, Discobolus, Discophoros, Discus throw, Dwarfism, ..., Educational institution, Ekiden, England, Eric Liddell, European Athletic Association, European Cross Country Championships, Exeter College, Oxford, Fell running, Footman, Four-minute mile, French Revolution, Fukuoka Marathon, Gambling, Germanic languages, Gold medal, Half marathon, Hammer throw, Harold Abrahams, Heptathlon, High jump, Hobby, Human settlement, Hurdling, IAAF Continental Cup, IAAF Diamond League, IAAF Race Walking Challenge, IAAF World Championships in Athletics, IAAF World Cross Country Championships, IAAF World Half Marathon Championships, IAAF World Indoor Championships, IAAF World Race Walking Team Championships, IAAF World Road Relay Championships, IAAF World U20 Championships, IAAF World Youth Championships in Athletics, Individual sport, International Association of Athletics Federations, International Cross Country Championships, International Paralympic Committee, International Trail Running Association, Ireland, Irish Independent, Ivy Granstrom, IWAS World Games, Japan, Javelin throw, Jim Thorpe – All-American, John Arlott, Journalism, Jumping, Lake Biwa Marathon, List of athletics events, List of international sports federations, List of IPC world records in athletics, List of Olympic medalists in athletics (men), List of Olympic medalists in athletics (women), List of world records in athletics, List of world records in masters athletics, London, London Marathon, Long jump, Long-distance running, Macadam, Madison Square Garden, Marathon, Marla Runyan, Masters athletics, Metric system, Middle-distance running, Military organization, Millrose Games, Modern pentathlon, Mountain running, Much Wenlock, Multi-sport event, NACAC Cross Country Championships, National championship, National records in athletics, Navigation, New York Athletic Club, New York City Marathon, North American, Central American and Caribbean Athletic Association, Oceania Athletics Association, Olympic Games, Open class (track and field), Open space reserve, Orienteering, Oscar Pistorius, Oxford English Dictionary, Panhellenic Games, Paralympic Games, Park, Pedestrianism, Periodical literature, Perseus Project, Personal Best (film), Physical disability, Poaceae, Pole vault, Pottery, Prefontaine (film), Prehistory, Professional sports, Race Walking Record, Racewalking, Racing, Rain, Relay race, Rhetoric (Aristotle), Road, Road running, Road surface, Romance languages, Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Runner's World, Running, Running boom of the 1970s, Running in Ancient Greece, Saqqara, Sed festival, Shot put, Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury School, Shropshire, Sighted guide, Sledgehammer, Snow, Soil, South American Cross Country Championships, Spirit of the Marathon, Sport, Sports club, Sprint (running), Stadion (running race), Stadium, Stadium (geometry), Steeplechase (athletics), Steve Prefontaine, Stone put, Summer, Summer Olympic Games, Summer Paralympic Games, Tailteann Games (ancient), Team sport, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (film), The Loneliness of the Long-Distance Runner, The Perfect Mile, Throwing sports, Track & Field News, Track and field, Traffic, Trail running, Treatise, Triple jump, Under-18 athletics, Under-20 athletics, Under-23 athletics, Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques, United States, Universiade, USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships, Visual impairment, Walking, Weather, Wenlock Olympian Games, Wheelchair, Wheelchair racing, Winter, Winter Paralympic Games, Woodland, World Marathon Majors, World Masters Athletics, World Masters Athletics Championships, World Para Athletics Championships, 10K run, 1896 Summer Olympics, 1908 Summer Olympics, 1912 Summer Olympics, 1928 Summer Olympics, 1930 British Empire Games, 1960 Summer Paralympics, 20 kilometres race walk, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2011 World Championships in Athletics, 2011 World Championships in Athletics – Men's 4 × 400 metres relay, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Paralympics, 2013 London Marathon, 50 kilometres race walk, 5K run. 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The AAA Championships was an annual track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association of England.
Across the Tracks is a 1991 American independent film drama about track and field.
All Comers Track Meets are usually small local events, considered the grassroots of the sport of Track and field athletics.
An all-weather running track is a rubberized artificial running surface for track and field athletics.
An amateur (French amateur "lover of", from Old French and ultimately from Latin amatorem nom. amator, "lover") is generally considered a person who pursues a particular activity or field of study independently from their source of income.
The Amateur Athletic Association of England or AAA (pronounced 'three As') is the oldest national governing body for athletics in the world, having been established on 24 April 1880.
The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is an amateur sports organization based in the United States.
Amateur sports are sports in which participants engage largely or entirely without remuneration.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
The ancient Olympic Games were originally a festival, or celebration of and for Zeus; later, events such as a footrace, a javelin contest, and wrestling matches were added.
The Ancient Olympic pentathlon (πένταθλον) was an athletic contest at the Ancient Olympic Games, and other Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece.
The aristocracy is a social class that a particular society considers its highest order.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
The Asian Athletics Association is the continental governing body for the sport of athletics in Asia.
The Asian Cross Country Championships is a biennial regional cross country running competition for athletes from Asia.
Asphalt concrete (commonly called asphalt, blacktop, or pavement in North America, and tarmac, bitumen macadam or rolled asphalt in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) is a composite material commonly used to surface roads, parking lots, airports, as well as the core of embankment dams.
The Association of Track and Field Statisticians (ATFS) was founded in 1950.
An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.
At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris, 27 athletics events were contested, all for men only.
At the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, 27 athletics events were contested.
Athletics at the 1960 Summer Paralympics consisted of 25 events, 13 for men and 12 for women.
The athletics competition at the 1999 Pan American Games was held at University Stadium in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Athletics has been contested at every Summer Olympics since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics.
Athletics has been contested at every Summer Paralympics since the first games in 1960.
Athletics Canada or AC (Athlétisme Canada) is the national governing body of athletics in Canada, which includes track and field, cross-country running, road running, and race walking.
Athletics Weekly is a weekly track and field magazine.
The Berlin Marathon (branded BMW Berlin Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is a major running and sporting event held annually in Berlin, Germany.
A biographical film, or biopic (abbreviation for biographical motion picture), is a film that dramatizes the life of a non-fictional or historically-based person or people.
The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon hosted by several cities in greater Boston in eastern Massachusetts, United States.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Burton Stephen Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an American actor and producer.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
The Brotherhood of Centurions is a club for which racewalkers are eligible who have completed a distance of 100 international miles (160.9 km) in Britain within 24 hours.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood.
Chariots of Fire is a 1981 British historical drama film.
The Chicago Marathon is a marathon held yearly in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
A cinder is a pyroclastic material.
Combined events are competitions in which athletes participate in a number of track and field events, earning points for their performance in each event, which adds to a total points score.
The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Confederation of African Athletics (CAA) (also known by its French name Confédération Africaine d'Athlétisme) is the continental association for the sport of athletics in Africa.
CONSUDATLE (Spanish: Confederación Sudamericana de Atletismo; South American Athletics Confederation) is the continental confederation governing body of athletics for national governing bodies and multi-national federations within South America.
The Cotswold Olimpick Games is an annual public celebration of games and sports now held on the Friday after Spring Bank Holiday near Chipping Campden, in the Cotswolds of England.
Cross country running is a sport in which teams and individuals run a race on open-air courses over natural terrain such as dirt or grass.
The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events.
The Discobolus of Myron ("discus thrower", Δισκοβόλος, Diskobólos) is a Greek sculpture completed towards the end of the Severe Period, figuring a youthful ancient Greek athlete throwing discus, circa 460–450 BC.
The Discophoros, also spelled Discophorus, (Greek - "Discus-Bearer") was a bronze sculpture by the classical Greek sculptor Polyclitus, creator of the Doryphoros and Diadumenos, and its many Roman marble copies.
The discus throw is a track and field event in which an athlete throws a heavy disc—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than their competitors.
Dwarfism, also known as short stature, occurs when an organism is extremely small.
An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education.
is a long-distance running relay race, typically held on roads.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Eric Henry Liddell (16 January 1902 – 21 February 1945) was a Scottish Olympic Gold Medalist runner, rugby union international player, and Christian missionary.
The European Athletic Association (more commonly known as European Athletics) is the governing body for athletics in Europe.
The European Cross Country Championships is an annual international cross country running competition.
Exeter College (in full: The Rector and Scholars of Exeter College in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England and the fourth oldest college of the University.
Fell running, also sometimes known as hill running, but not to be confused with mountain running, is the sport of running and racing, off road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty.
A footman or footboy is a male domestic worker.
In the sport of athletics, a four-minute mile means completing a mile run (1,760 yards, or 1,609.344 metres) in less than four minutes.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
The, held in Fukuoka, Japan, is an IAAF Gold Label international men's marathon race established in 1947.
Gambling is the wagering of money or something of value (referred to as "the stakes") on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning money or material goods.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field.
A half marathon is a road running event of 21.0975 km (13 mi 192½ yd)—half the distance of a marathon.
The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin.
Harold Maurice Abrahams, CBE (15 December 1899 – 14 January 1978) was an English track and field athlete.
A heptathlon is a track and field combined events contest made up of seven events.
The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it.
A hobby is a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one's leisure time.
In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.
Hurdling is the act of running and jumping over an obstacle at speed.
The IAAF Continental Cup (formerly known as the IAAF World Cup or the Athletics World Cup) is an international athletics competition which comprises track and field events.
The IAAF Diamond League is an annual series of elite track and field athletic competitions.
The IAAF Race Walking Challenge is a race walking contest organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations.
The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).
IAAF World Cross Country Championships is the most important competition in international cross country running.
The IAAF World Half Marathon Championships is an annual half marathon competition organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations.
The IAAF World Indoor Championships is a biennial indoor track and field competition served as the global championship for the sport.
The IAAF World Race Walking Team Championships is a race walking event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations.
The IAAF World Road Relay Championships was a biennial international athletics competition in long-distance relay running.
The IAAF World U20 Championships is a biennial world championships for the sport of athletics organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations, contested by athletes in the under-20 athletics age category (19 years old or younger on 31 December in the year of the competition. The competition was launched at the IAAF World Junior Championships in Athletics in 1986 and. The name of the competition was changed in November 2015. Anneisha McLaughlin-Whilby is the most successful athlete at the championships, having won one gold and four silver in individual and relay sprinting events between 2000 and 2004. Chris Nelloms, Davidson Ezinwa and Dexter Lee share the position of most successful male athlete, at four medals each.
The IAAF World Youth Championships in Athletics was a global athletics event comprising track and field events for competitors who were 17 or younger (youth).
An individual sport is a sport in which participants compete as individuals.
The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics.
The International Cross Country Championships was an annual international competition in cross country running.
The International Paralympic Committee (IPC; Internationales Paralympisches Komitee) is an international non-profit organisation and the global governing body for the Paralympic Movement.
International Trail Running Association (ITRA) is the governing body for trail running.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish Independent is Ireland's largest-selling daily newspaper, published by Independent News & Media (INM).
Ivy Granstrom (September 28, 1911 – April 14, 2004) was a blind Canadian Masters athlete.
The International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports (IWAS) World Games (or IWAS World Games) are a multi-sport competition for athletes with a disability, which under the former name of the International Stoke Mandeville Games were the forerunner of the Paralympic Games.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about in length, is thrown.
Jim Thorpe – All-American (UK title: Man of Bronze) is a 1951 biographical film produced by Warner Bros. and directed by Michael Curtiz, honoring Jim Thorpe, the great Native American athlete who won medals at the 1912 Olympics and distinguished himself in various sports, both in college and on professional teams.
Leslie Thomas John Arlott, OBE (25 February 1914 – 14 December 1991) was an English journalist, author and cricket commentator for the BBC's Test Match Special.
Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events.
Jumping or leaping is a form of locomotion or movement in which an organism or non-living (e.g., robotic) mechanical system propels itself through the air along a ballistic trajectory.
The held in Otsu, Shiga, is one of the prominent Japanese marathon races of the year.
The sport of athletics is defined by the many events which make up its competition programmes.
This is a list of international sports federations, each of which serves as a non-governmental governing body for a given sport and administers its sport at a world level, most often crafting rules, promoting the sport to prospective spectators and fans, developing prospective players, and organizing world or continental championships.
World records in disability athletics are ratified by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
This is the complete list of men's medalists in athletics at the Summer Olympics.
This is the complete list of women's Olympic medalists in athletics.
World records in athletics are ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations.
These are the current world records in the various age groups of Masters athletics, maintained by WMA, the World Association of Masters Athletes, which is designated by the IAAF to conduct the worldwide sport of Masters (Veterans) Athletics (Track and Field).
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Marathon (currently known through sponsorship as the Virgin Money London Marathon) is a long-distance running event held in London, United Kingdom, part of the World Marathon Majors.
The long jump (historically called the broad jump in the USA) is a track and field event in which athletes combine speed, strength and agility in an attempt to leap as far as possible from a take off point.
Long-distance running, or endurance running, is a form of continuous running over distances of at least eight kilometres (5 miles).
Macadam is a type of road construction, pioneered by Scottish engineer John Loudon McAdam around 1820, in which single-sized crushed stone layers of small angular stones are placed in shallow lifts and compacted thoroughly.
Madison Square Garden, often called "MSG" or simply "The Garden", is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
The marathon is a long-distance race, completed by running, walking, or a run/walk strategy.
Marla Lee Runyan (married name Lonergan, born January 4, 1969) is an American track and field athlete, road runner and marathon runner who is legally blind.
Masters athletics is a class of the sport of athletics for veteran athletes in the events of track and field, road running and cross country running.
The metric system is an internationally adopted decimal system of measurement.
Middle-distance running events are track races longer than sprints, up to 3000 metres.
Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer military capability required by the national defense policy.
The Millrose Games is an annual indoor athletics meet (track and field) held each February in New York City.
The modern pentathlon is an Olympic sport that comprises five different events; fencing (one-touch épée), freestyle swimming (200m), equestrian show jumping (15 jumps), and a final combined event of pistol shooting and cross country running (3200m).
The mountain running is a sports discipline very close, but different from the fell running, which is recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations and governed by World Mountain Running Association, the international federation that since 1985 organizes world championships.
Much Wenlock is a small town and parish in Shropshire, England, situated on the A458 road between Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth.
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states.
The NACAC Cross Country Championships is an annual regional cross country running competition for athletes representing member nations of the North America, Central America and Caribbean Athletic Association (NACAC).
A national championship(s) is the top achievement for any sport or contest within a league of a particular nation or nation state.
National records in athletics are the marks achieved by a nation's best athlete in a particular athletics event.
Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another.
The New York Athletic Club is a private social club and athletic club in New York City.
The New York City Marathon (branded TCS New York City Marathon and formerly branded ING New York City Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon that courses through the five boroughs of New York City.
The North American, Central American and Caribbean Athletic Association (NACAC) is the continental confederation governing body of athletics for national governing bodies and multi-national federations within North America, Central America and the Caribbean.
The Oceania Athletics Association (OAA) is the governing body for the sport of athletics in Oceania.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
Open Class is a Track and Field event classification defined by USA Track & Field.
An open space reserve (also called open space preserve, open space reservation, and green space) is an area of protected or conserved land or water on which development is indefinitely set aside.
Orienteering is a group of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually unfamiliar terrain whilst moving at speed.
Oscar Leonard Carl Pistorius (born 22 November 1986) is a South African former sprint runner who was convicted of murdering his girlfriend in 2013.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
"Panhellenic Games" is the collective term for four separate sports festivals held in ancient Greece.
The Paralympic Games is a major international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio syndrome, spina bifida), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g. amputation or dysmelia), leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment.
A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.
Pedestrianism was a 19th-century form of competitive walking, often professional and funded by wagering, from which the modern sport of racewalking developed.
Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a published work that appears in a new edition on a regular schedule.
The Perseus Project (version 4 also known as "Perseus Hopper") is a digital library project of Tufts University, which is located in Medford and Somerville, near Boston, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Personal Best is a 1982 film centered on a group of women trying to qualify for the American track-and-field team bound for the 1980 Olympic Games.
A physical disability is a limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Pole vaulting is a track and field event in which a person uses a long flexible pole (which today is usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to jump over a bar.
Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
Prefontaine is a 1997 American biographical film chronicling the life of the American long-distance runner Steve Prefontaine and his death at age 24.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
Professional sports, as opposed to amateur sports, are sports in which athletes receive payment for their performance.
Race Walking Record (abbreviated RWR) is a nonprofit magazine about the sport of race walking, and walking events, primarily aimed at a UK audience.
Racewalking, or race walking, is a long-distance discipline within the sport of athletics.
In sport, racing is a competition of speed, against an objective criterion, usually a clock or to a specific point.
Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.
A relay race is a racing competition where members of a team take turns completing parts of racecourse or performing a certain action.
Aristotle's Rhetoric (Rhētorikḗ; Ars Rhetorica) is an ancient Greek treatise on the art of persuasion, dating from the 4th century BC.
A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.
Road running is the sport of running on a measured course over an established road (as opposed to track and field and cross country running).
A road surface or pavement is the durable surface material laid down on an area intended to sustain vehicular or foot traffic, such as a road or walkway.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
The Royal Military College (RMC), founded in 1801 and established in 1802 at Great Marlow and High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, England, but moved in October 1812 to Sandhurst, Berkshire, was a British Army military academy for training infantry and cavalry officers of the British and Indian Armies.
Runner's World is a globally circulated monthly magazine for runners of all skills sets, published by Rodale Inc. in Emmaus, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion allowing humans and other animals to move rapidly on foot.
In the United States, there was a boom in the 1970s in competitive road running and in jogging for recreation and fitness.
In Ancient Greece, the history of running can be traced back to 776 BC.
Saqqara (سقارة), also spelled Sakkara or Saccara in English, is a vast, ancient burial ground in Egypt, serving as the necropolis for the Ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis.
The Sed festival (ḥb-sd, conventional pronunciation; also known as Heb Sed or Feast of the Tail) was an ancient Egyptian ceremony that celebrated the continued rule of a pharaoh.
The shot put (pronounced) is a track and field event involving "throwing"/"putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy spherical object—the shot—as far as possible.
Shrewsbury is the county town of Shropshire, England.
Shrewsbury School is an English co-educational independent school for pupils aged 13 to 18 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, founded by Edward VI in 1552 by Royal Charter.
Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.
A sighted guide is a person who guides a person with blindness or vision impairment.
A sledgehammer is a tool with a large, flat, often metal head, attached to a lever (or handle).
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
The South American Cross Country Championships is an annual continental cross country running competition for athletes from South America or, more specifically, member countries of CONSUDATLE.
Spirit of the Marathon is a 2007 documentary film directed by Jon Dunham.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
A sports club or sporting club, sometimes athletics club or sports society or sports association, is a group of people formed for the purpose of playing sports.
Sprinting is running over a short distance in a limited period of time.
Stadion or stade (στάδιον) was an ancient running event, part of the Ancient Olympic Games and the other Panhellenic Games.
A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tiered structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.
A stadium is a two-dimensional geometric shape constructed of a rectangle with semicircles at a pair of opposite sides.
The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics, which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing.
Steve Roland "Pre" Prefontaine (January 25, 1951 – May 30, 1975) was an American middle and long-distance runner who competed in the 1972 Olympics.
The stone put is one of the main Scottish heavy athletic events at modern-day Highland games gatherings.
Summer is the hottest of the four temperate seasons, falling after spring and before autumn.
The Summer Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'été) or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.
The Summer Paralympic Games or the Games of the Paralympiad, are an international multi-sport event where athletes with physical disabilities compete.
The Tailteann Games, Tailtin Fair, Áenach Tailteann, Aonach Tailteann, Assembly of Talti, Fair of Taltiu or Festival of Taltii were funeral games associated with the semi-legendary history of Pre-Christian Ireland.
A team sport includes any sport which involves two or more players working together towards a shared objective.
The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner is a 1962 film based on the short story of the same name.
"The Loneliness of the Long-Distance Runner" is a short story by Alan Sillitoe, published in 1959 as part of a short story collection of the same name.
The Perfect Mile: Three Athletes, One Goal, and Less Than Four Minutes to Achieve It (2004) by Neal Bascomb is a non-fiction book about three runners and their attempts to become the first man to run a mile under four minutes.
Throwing sports, or throwing games, are physical, human competitions where the outcome is measured by a player's ability to throw an object.
Track & Field News is an American monthly sports magazine founded in 1948 by brothers Bert Nelson and Cordner Nelson, focused on the world of track and field.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
Traffic on roads consists of road users including pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, buses and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using the public way for purposes of travel.
Trail running is a sport/activity which consists of running and hiking over trails.
A treatise is a formal and systematic written discourse on some subject, generally longer and treating it in greater depth than an essay, and more concerned with investigating or exposing the principles of the subject.
The triple jump, sometimes referred to as the hop, step and jump or the hop, skip and jump, is a track and field event, similar to the long jump.
Youth is a category of athletics in which athletes compete under the age of 18 years.
Junior is a category of athletics in which athletes compete under the age of 20 years.
Under 23 is a category of athletics in which athletes compete under from 20 to 22 years on 31 December of the year of the competition.
Union des sociétés françaises de sports athlétiques (USFSA) is a former French sports governing body.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU).
The USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships is an annual track and field competition organized by USA Track & Field, which serves as the American national championships for the sport.
Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.
Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.
The Wenlock Olympian Games, dating from 1850, are a forerunner of the modern Olympic Games.
A wheelchair, often abbreviated to just "chair", is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.
Wheelchair racing is the racing of wheelchairs in track and road races.
Winter is the coldest season of the year in polar and temperate zones (winter does not occur in the tropical zone).
The Winter Paralympic Games is an international multi-sport event where athletes with physical disabilities compete in snow & ice sports.
Woodland, is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade.
The Abbott World Marathon Majors (AWMM), originally known as the World Marathon Majors (WMM), is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006.
World Masters Athletics is the worldwide governing body for the sport of masters athletics – which includes track and field, cross country, and road running events – as participated by people over 35 years of age.
The World Masters Athletics Championships are the biennial championships for masters athletics events held under the auspices of World Masters Athletics, formerly called the World Association of Veteran Athletes, for athletes over the age of 35 years.
The World Para Athletics Championships, known as the IPC Athletics World Championships prior to 2017, are a biennial Paralympic athletics event organized by World Para Athletics, a subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
The 10K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of.
The 1896 Summer Olympics (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 1896), officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history.
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, United Kingdom from 27 April to 31 October 1908.
The 1912 Summer Olympics (Swedish: Olympiska sommarspelen 1912), officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 22 July 1912.
The 1928 Summer Olympics (Dutch: Olympische Zomerspelen 1928), officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The 1930 British Empire Games were the first of what later became known as the Commonwealth Games, and were held in Hamilton, in the province of Ontario in Canada from 16–23 August 1930.
The 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games, retroactively designated as the 1960 Summer Paralympics (I Giochi Paralimpici Estivi),, International Paralympic Committee (IPC) were the first international Paralympic Games, following on from the Stoke Mandeville Games of 1948 and 1952.
The 20 kilometre race walk is an Olympic athletics event that is competed by both men and women.
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.
The 13th IAAF World Championships in Athletics was an international athletics competition that was held in Daegu, South Korea.
The Men's 4 × 400 metres relay event at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Daegu Stadium on 1 and 2 September.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2012 Summer Paralympics, the 14th Summer Paralympic Games, and also more generally known as the London 2012 Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that took place in London, United Kingdom from 29 August to 9 September 2012.
The 2013 London Marathon took place on Sunday 21 April 2013.
The 50 kilometre race walk is an Olympic athletics event.
The 5K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of five kilometres (3.107 miles).