Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 
New! Discover your interests! » Create account

Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India. [1]

784 relations: Acacia, Adam's Bridge, Affirmative action, Agriculture, Airline, Alfred Duraiappah, All Ceylon Tamil Congress, Alleged war crimes during the final stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War, Amnesty International, An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon, Ananda Samarakoon, Anatomy, Ancestry.com, Ancient constructions of Sri Lanka, Angampora, Anno Domini, Anula of Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura Kingdom, Anuradhapura Maha Viharaya, Appam, Aqueduct (water supply), Arabs, Architecture of ancient Sri Lanka, Area, Arlington County, Virginia, Arthur C. Clarke, Arunachalam Mahadeva, Aryan race, Asela of Anuradhapura, Ashoka, Asia, Asia Cup, Asia Times, Asian Development Bank, Asian elephant, Asian Tribune, Associated Press, Association football, Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism, Atthakatha, Australia, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Avukana Buddha statue, Badulla, Balangoda Man, Bambarakanda Falls, Ban Ki-moon, Bandaranaike–Chelvanayakam Pact, Bandung Conference, ..., Batatotalena Cave, Battle of Vijithapura, Bay of Bengal, Bayila, BBC, BBC News, Belilena, Bhikkhu, Bhikkhuni, Bhuvanaikabahu VI of Kotte, Biodiversity, Biodiversity hotspot, Birth rate, Black July, Black-and-white, Bodhi Tree, Bodhi Vamsa, Bollywood, Bowling (cricket), British Ceylon, British Empire, British people, Buddhism, Buddhism in Sri Lanka, Bundala National Park, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Burgher people, Business Insider, Business-Anti-Corruption Portal, C. W. W. Kannangara, Cabinet (government), Caesarion, Cambodia, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, Canada, Capital city, Capitalism, Carnegie Mellon University, Cashew, Caste, Catholic Church, CBS News, Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Central Highlands of Sri Lanka, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Province, Sri Lanka, Centre-left politics, Ceylon Citizenship Act, Ceylon Civil Service, Ceylonese parliamentary election, 1947, Ceylonese parliamentary election, 1956, Ceylonese parliamentary election, July 1960, Ceylonese State Council election, 1931, Che Guevara, Cheena di, Chera dynasty, Chief Justice of Sri Lanka, China, Chinese language, Chinese people, Chloroxylon, Chola dynasty, Chola rule in Sri Lanka, Christianity, Christianity in Sri Lanka, Christmas, Church of Ceylon, Cinnamon, Citigroup, Civil law (legal system), Clarence Wijewardena, Clem Tisdell, Clothing, Coconut, Coconut milk, Coffee, Colebrooke–Cameron Commission, Colombo, Colombo Harbour, Colombo Plan, Colombo Stock Exchange, Columbia University Press, Commander-in-chief, Common law, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth Secretariat, Communist Party of Sri Lanka, Compulsory education, Concubinage, Conscription, Conservation International, Constitution of Sri Lanka, Controlled-access highway, Cooking plantain, Coral reef, County, Creole language, Cricket, Cricket World Cup, Criminal law, Cristina Mittermeier, Crown colony, Cuba, Cue sports, Culavamsa, Culture of Buddhism, Cyclone, D. S. Senanayake, Dam, DAWN (newspaper), Deer, Definitions of terrorism, Democracy, Deregulation, Devanampiya Tissa of Anuradhapura, Developing country, Devolution, Dharma, Dhatusena of Anuradhapura, Dipavamsa, Districts of Sri Lanka, Divisional Secretariats of Sri Lanka, Dominion, Dominion of Ceylon, Don Baron Jayatilaka, Donoughmore Commission, Donoughmore Constitution, Dow Jones & Company, Duchy, Dudley Senanayake, Duncan White, Dutch Ceylon, Dutch East India Company, Dutch people, Dutch–Portuguese War, Dutugamunu, E01 expressway (Sri Lanka), E03 expressway (Sri Lanka), Early flying machines, East India Company, Easter, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, Ebony, Ediriweera Sarachchandra, Education, Edward Harper (engineer), Electoral district, Ellalan, Emerging markets, Encarta, Encyclopædia Britannica, Endemism, Enforced disappearances in Sri Lanka, English language, English law, Entrenched clause, Epic poetry, Epigraphy, ESPNcricinfo, Estuary, Evergreen forest, Exclusive economic zone, Executive (government), Executive Council of Ceylon, Executive president, Expressways of Sri Lanka, Fa Hien Cave, Faxian, Federalism, Federation of American Scientists, Feldspar, Fidel Castro, Finance, Flag carrier, Flickr, Flowering plant, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food processing, Forced disappearance, Fourth Buddhist council, France, Francisco de Almeida, Free education, Free market, Freedom from Torture, Freedom of religion in Sri Lanka, Freedom of the press, Fringing reef, Fulbright Program, G. G. Ponnambalam, Galle, Galle Trilingual Inscription, Gallup (company), Gamperaliya (film), Gampola, Gautama Buddha, Gemstone, General election, Geographical renaming, Gini coefficient, Global Competitiveness Report, Golu Hadawatha, Google Maps, Government Agent (Sri Lanka), Government budget balance, Government of Sri Lanka, Governors of British Ceylon, Grama Niladhari, Graphite, Great Britain, Great Rebellion of 1817–18, Green-billed coucal, Grievance, Gross domestic product, Group of 77, Gulf of Mannar, H. R. Jothipala, Hajj, Head of government, Head of state, Hectare, Hemileia vastatrix, High-Speed Downlink Packet Access, High-Speed Uplink Packet Access, Hindi, Hindu, Hindu mythology, Hinduism, Hinduism in Sri Lanka, History of Sri Lanka, Human, Human Development Index, Human rights, Human rights in Sri Lanka, Human Rights Watch, Hurulu Forest Reserve, Ibis, IBSF World Billiards Championship, ICC World Twenty20, Idiyappam, Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi, Ilmenite, Independent Television Network, India, Indian intervention in the Sri Lankan Civil War, Indian pangolin, Indian Peace Keeping Force, Indian Plate, Indian subcontinent, Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, Indo-Australian Plate, Indo-Sri Lanka Accord, Indomalaya ecozone, International Futures, International Monetary Fund, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Iron Age, Irrigation works in ancient Sri Lanka, Islam, Islam in Sri Lanka, Island country, Ivory, J. R. Jayewardene, Jackfruit, Jaffna, Jaffna kingdom, Jaffna Peninsula, James Emerson Tennent, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, Japan, Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, Judiciary, K. Sripavan, Kachchatheevu, Kadawunu Poronduwa, Kala Wewa, Kalinga (India), Kalinga Magha, Kandy, Kandy Esala Perahera, Kandyan Convention, Kandyan dance, Kandyan Treaty of 1638, Kandyan Wars, Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya, Kaolinite, Karu Jayasuriya, Kashyapa I of Anuradhapura, Kavan Tissa, Prince of Ruhuna, Kegalle, Kingdom of Dambadeniya, Kingdom of Gampola, Kingdom of Kandy, Kingdom of Kotte, Kingdom of Polonnaruwa, Kingdom of Sitawaka, Kingdom of Tambapanni, Kiribath, Kottu, Kubera, Kurunegala, Lagoon, Language, Lanka, Lanka Sama Samaja Party, Laos, Lasantha Wickrematunge, Law of the Netherlands, Legislative Council of Ceylon, Legislature, Leopard, Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, Lester James Peries, Liberalism, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, Library of Congress Country Studies, Life expectancy, List of A-Grade highways in Sri Lanka, List of attacks on civilians attributed to Sri Lankan government forces, List of beaches in Sri Lanka, List of birds of Sri Lanka, List of countries by Human Development Index, List of countries by real GDP growth rate, List of designated terrorist groups, List of elected or appointed female heads of government, List of island countries, List of mammals of Sri Lanka, List of science fiction authors, List of Sinhalese monarchs, Literacy, Lonely Planet, Looting, Lourenço de Almeida, Lovamahapaya, LTE (telecommunication), Lunar calendar, Madhya Maha Vidyalaya, Madol Doova, Madurai Nayak dynasty, Magampura Mahinda Rajapaksa Port, Maha Shivaratri, Mahagama Sekara, Mahavamsa, Mahaweli River, Mahinda (Buddhist monk), Mahinda Rajapaksa, Mahinda V of Anuradhapura, Mahogany, Maithripala Sirisena, Malay Peninsula, Maldives, Mammal, Man and the Biosphere Programme, Mangrove, Mannar, Sri Lanka, Market capitalization, Market economy, Martin Wickramasinghe, Marxism, Marxism–Leninism, Matale Rebellion, Mathematics, Maurya Empire, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Maya Rata, Mayor, McGraw Hill Financial, Melodrama, Member of parliament, Mesolithic, Mesua ferrea, Mica, Michael Ondaatje, Middle East, Mihintale, Minister (government), Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka), Ministry of Education (Sri Lanka), Ministry of Ports and Aviation (Sri Lanka), Minneriya tank, Mission (Christianity), Monarch, Monarchy, Mongabay, Monsoon, Mortality rate, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, Mumbai, Music genre, Muslim, Muttiah Muralitharan, Myanmar, Naga people (Lanka), Nalanda, Napoleonic Wars, National Museum of Colombo, National Railway, National school (Sri Lanka), National sport, National symbols of Sri Lanka, National University of Malaysia, Natural rubber, Nautical mile, Navi Pillay, Netherlands, New Delhi, New Jersey, New York, Nidhanaya, Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka, Non-Aligned Movement, Norman Myers, North Central Province, Sri Lanka, North Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, North Western Province, Sri Lanka, Northern Province, Sri Lanka, Nova Science Publishers, Nutmeg, Odisha, Off spin, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Official language, One man, one vote, Oral literature, Outline of Sri Lanka, Oxford University Press, Pakistan, Paleolithic, Pali, Palk Strait, Pallava dynasty, Palm-leaf manuscript, Pandukabhaya of Anuradhapura, Pandyan dynasty, Panic of 1847, Parakrama Samudra, Parakramabahu I, Parakramabahu VI of Kotte, Parliament of Sri Lanka, Parliamentary system, Parsi, Parsi theatre, Pāli Canon, Peacekeeping, Peafowl, Pelican, Per capita income, Peradeniya, Persian language, Persian people, Petroleum, Pew Research Center, Pidurutalagala, Pirivena, Plantation economy, Plate tectonics, Policy of standardisation, Polonnaruwa, Ponnambalam Arunachalam, Population, Porcupine, Portugal, Portuguese Empire, Portuguese-based creole languages, Precious coral, President of Sri Lanka, Presidential system, Press Freedom Index, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, Princeton University, Principality of Ruhuna, Privately held company, Privatization, Progressivism, Proportional representation, Proscription, Protestantism, Provinces of Sri Lanka, Public university, Pune, Purchasing power parity, Purple-faced langur, Puthandu, Puttu, Radio Ceylon, Rail transport in Sri Lanka, Raja Raja Chola I, Rajarata, Rajasinha II of Kandy, Rajendra Chola I, Ramadan, Ramayana, Ranil Wickremesinghe, Ranmuthu Duwa, Rarh region, Ratnapura, Ravana, Red-faced malkoha, Referendum, Rekava, Relic of the tooth of the Buddha, Religious text, Repatriation, Report of the Secretary-General's Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka, Republic, Reservoir, Reuters, Rice, Rienzi Crusz, Right- and left-hand traffic, Right-wing politics, Rigveda, Robert Brownrigg, Rock (geology), Rohan Gunaratna, Rohana Wijeweera, Roman Empire, Roman law, Roti, Routledge, Royal Navy, Rugby union, Rule of law, Ruling party, Russell Mittermeier, Russia, Ruwanwelisaya, S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sangamitta, Sangha, Sanni Yakuma, Satyagraha, Schools of Buddhism, Scuba diving, Sea level, Seagrass, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Semi-presidential system, Sena and Guttika, Serendipity, Shafi'i, Sharia, Sigiriya, Silicon dioxide, Silk Road, Sinhala Kingdom, Sinhala Only Act, Sinhalese language, Sinhalese New Year, Sinhalese people, Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Sirima–Gandhi Pact, Sirima–Shastri Pact, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sloth bear, Social class, Socialism, Solomon, Soulbury Commission, South Asia, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, South India, Southeast Asia, Southern Province, Sri Lanka, Soviet Union, Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka, Special Task Force, Spice, Spoonbill, Sport of athletics, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Sri Lanka Air Force, Sri Lanka Armed Forces, Sri Lanka Army, Sri Lanka blue magpie, Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation, Sri Lanka Civil Security Force, Sri Lanka Coast Guard, Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Sri Lanka Kaffirs, Sri Lanka Matha, Sri Lanka Muslim Congress, Sri Lanka national cricket team, Sri Lanka Navy, Sri Lanka Railways, Sri Lanka Standard Time, Sri Lankan Civil War, Sri Lankan Creole Malay, Sri Lankan Malays, Sri Lankan Moors, Sri Lankan rupee, Sri Lankan state-sponsored colonisation schemes, Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism, Sri Lankan Tamils, Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha of Kandy, Sri Vijaya Rajasinha of Kandy, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy, SriLankan Airlines, State Council of Ceylon, Stele, Stork, Stupa, Sunni Islam, Supermajority, Supreme Court of Sri Lanka, Suratissa of Anuradhapura, Susanthika Jayasinghe, Tamil Eelam, Tamil language, Tamil National Alliance, Tamil United Liberation Front, Tamils, Taprobana, Taraki Sivaram, Tarshish, Tea, Tea production in Sri Lanka, Teak, Telecommunication, Telephone numbers in Sri Lanka, Telugu language, Temperate climate, Temple of the Tooth, Tennis, Test cricket, Textile, Thai Pongal, Thailand, The Guardian, The New York Times, Theatre, Theravada, Thesavalamai, Thorium, Tissa Vitharana, Tourism, Treaty of Amiens, Treaty of San Francisco, Trincomalee, Tripiṭaka, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Tropical climate, Tropical cyclone, Underdog (term), UNESCO, Unicameralism, UNICEF, Unitary state, United Front (Sri Lanka), United Kingdom, United National Party, United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Human Rights Council, United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad, United Nations Public Administration Network, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti, United People's Freedom Alliance, United States, United States Department of State, Universal suffrage, University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka), University of California Press, University of Edinburgh, University of Michigan, University of Michigan Press, University of Moratuwa, University of Peradeniya, University Teachers for Human Rights, Upasampada, Utilitarianism, Uva Province, Valagamba of Anuradhapura, Vedda people, Vijayabahu I of Polonnaruwa, Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy, Vimana, Vira Narendra Sinha of Kandy, Virginia, Vishvakarman, Volleyball, W. D. Amaradeva, Wariyapola, Welfare state, West Bengal, Western Europe, Western Province, Sri Lanka, White people, Wild boar, Wilhelm Geiger, Wilpattu National Park, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, World Bank, World Economic Forum, World Giving Index, World War II, Yaksha, Yala National Park, Yapahuwa, Zheng He, Zoroastrianism, .lk, 10th parallel north, 1948 Summer Olympics, 1953 Ceylonese Hartal, 1962 Ceylonese coup d'état attempt, 1971 JVP Insurrection, 1986 Asia Cup, 1987–89 JVP Insurrection, 1996 Cricket World Cup, 1997 Asia Cup, 200 metres, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2001: A Space Odyssey, 2004 Asia Cup, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, 2007 Cricket World Cup, 2008 Asia Cup, 2009 ICC World Twenty20, 2011 Cricket World Cup, 2011 Cricket World Cup Final, 2012 ICC World Twenty20, 2014 Asia Cup, 2014 ICC World Twenty20, 3G, 3G (countries), 400 metres hurdles, 5th parallel north, 79th meridian east, 82nd meridian east. Expand index (734 more) »

Acacia, known commonly as acacia, thorntree, whistling thorn, or wattle, is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae, described by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1773 based on the African species Acacia nilotica.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Acacia · See more »

Adam's Bridge (Tamil: ஆதாம் பாலம்), also known as Rama's Bridge or Rama Setu (Tamil: இராமர் பாலம், Sanskrit: रामसेतु), is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Adam's Bridge · See more »

Affirmative action or positive discrimination (known as employment equity in Canada, reservation in India and Nepal, and positive action in the UK) is the policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who suffer from discrimination within a culture.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Affirmative action · See more »

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Agriculture · See more »

An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Airline · See more »

Alfred Thangarajah Duraiappah (15 June 1926 – 27 July 1975) was a Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, politician, Mayor of Jaffna and Member of Parliament.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Alfred Duraiappah · See more »

All Ceylon Tamil Congress (அகில இலங்கைத் தமிழ்க் காங்கிரஸ்), is the oldest Tamil political party in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and All Ceylon Tamil Congress · See more »

There are allegations that war crimes were committed by the Sri Lankan military and the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil Tigers) during the Sri Lankan Civil War, particularly during the final months of the conflict in 2009.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Alleged war crimes during the final stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War · See more »

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters around the world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Amnesty International · See more »

An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon together With somewhat Concerning Severall Remarkable passages of my life that hath hapned since my Deliverance out of Captivity is a book written by the English trader and sailor Robert Knox in 1681.

New!!: Sri Lanka and An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon · See more »

Egodahage George Wilfred Alwis Samarakoon (January 13, 1911 – April 5, 1962) (known as Ananda Samarakoon) was a Sri Lankan composer and musician.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ananda Samarakoon · See more »

Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Anatomy · See more »

Ancestry.com Inc., formerly The Generations Network, is a privately held Internet company based in Provo, Utah, United States.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ancestry.com · See more »

The Ancient Sinhalese excelled in the construction of tanks (Wevas) or reservoirs, dagobas (or Stupas) and palaces, as evident from the ruins which displays a rich variety of Architectural forms.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ancient constructions of Sri Lanka · See more »

Angampora (අංගම්පොර,அங்கம்போர) is a form of martial art from Sri Lanka that combines combat techniques, self-defense, sport, exercise and meditation.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Angampora · See more »

The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Anno Domini · See more »

Queen Anula (reigned 47 BC – 42 BC) was the first queen in Sri Lankan history to have wielded meaningful power and authority.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Anula of Anuradhapura · See more »

Anuradhapura (අනුරාධපුරය; Tamil: அனுராதபுரம்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Anuradhapura · See more »

The Anuradhapura Kingdom (Sinhala: අනුරාධපුර රාජධානිය), named for its capital city, was the first established kingdom in ancient Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Anuradhapura Kingdom · See more »

The Anuradhapura Maha Viharaya was an important mahavihara or large Buddhist monastery for Theravada Buddhism in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Anuradhapura Maha Viharaya · See more »

Appam is a type of pancake made with fermented rice batter and coconut milk.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Appam · See more »

An aqueduct is a watercourse constructed to convey water.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Aqueduct (water supply) · See more »

Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Arabs · See more »

The architecture of ancient Sri Lanka displays a rich diversity, varying in form and architectural style from the Anuradhapura Kingdom (377 BC–1017) through the Kingdom of Kandy (1469–1815).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Architecture of ancient Sri Lanka · See more »

Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Area · See more »

Arlington County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Arlington County, Virginia · See more »

Sri Lankabhimanya Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE, FRAS The award of Knight Bachelor carries the title of "Sir" and no post-nominal letters (see) meaning that the previous post-nominals, "CBE" are also still used.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Arthur C. Clarke · See more »

Sir Arunachalam Mahadeva, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (5 October 1885 - 8 June 1969) was a Sri Lankan, prominent colonial era legislator and diplomat.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Arunachalam Mahadeva · See more »

The Aryan race was a racial grouping commonly used in the period of the late 19th century to the mid 20th century to describe peoples of European and Western Asian heritage.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Aryan race · See more »

Asela was an early monarch of Sri Lanka of the Kingdom of Anuradhapura, based at the ancient capital of Anuradhapura from 215 BC to 205 BC.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Asela of Anuradhapura · See more »

Ashoka Maurya (IAST:;; 304–232 BCE), commonly known as Ashoka and Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from circa 269 BCE to 232 BCE.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ashoka · See more »

Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Asia · See more »

The ACC Asia Cup is an international men's One Day International cricket tournament.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Asia Cup · See more »

Asia Times was a newspaper launched in Thailand by Thai tycoon Sondhi Limthongkul in 1995.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Asia Times · See more »

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 22 August 1966 which is headquartered in Metro Manila, Philippines, to facilitate economic development in Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Asian Development Bank · See more »

The Asian or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus) is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Asian elephant · See more »

The Asian Tribune is an online newspaper that provides news and editorial on the current affairs of Asia, with a special emphasis on South Asia but mostly concentrates its news on the current Civil conflict in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Asian Tribune · See more »

The Associated Press (AP) is an American multinational nonprofit news agency headquartered in New York City.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Associated Press · See more »

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Association football · See more »

The Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism (ASEN) is an international, interdisciplinary association for academics, researchers, students, journalists and others directly concerned with advancing the study of ethnicity and nationalism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism · See more »

Aṭṭhakathā (Pali for explanation, commentary) refers to Pali-language Theravadin Buddhist commentaries to the canonical Theravadin Tipitaka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Atthakatha · See more »

Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Australia · See more »

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) is Australia's state-owned and funded national public broadcaster.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Australian Broadcasting Corporation · See more »

The Avukana statue is a standing statue of the Buddha near Kekirawa in North Central Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Avukana Buddha statue · See more »

Badulla (බදුල්ල, பதுளை) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Badulla · See more »

Balangoda Man (Homo sapiens balangodensis) refers to hominins from Sri Lanka's late Quaternary period.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Balangoda Man · See more »

Bambarakanda Falls (also known as Bambarakele Falls) is the tallest waterfall in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bambarakanda Falls · See more »

Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean statesman and politician who is the eighth and current Secretary-General of the United Nations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ban Ki-moon · See more »

The Bandaranaike–Chelvanayakam Pact was an agreement signed between the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike and the leader of the main Tamil political party in Sri Lanka S. J. V. Chelvanayakam on July 26, 1957.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bandaranaike–Chelvanayakam Pact · See more »

The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference (Indonesian: Konferensi Asia-Afrika) —was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bandung Conference · See more »

The Batatotalena Cave also known as the Diva Guhava in Buddhist literature,(Do not mistake it as the Batadombalena. Batandomba lena is a pre historic cave/settlement), is a cave system in Sudagala, away from the town of Kuruwita, in the Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Batatotalena Cave · See more »

The Battle of Vijithapura was a decisive and major battle in the campaign carried out by Sri Lankan king Dutthagamani against the invading South Indian king Elara.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Battle of Vijithapura · See more »

The Bay of Bengal, the largest bay in the world, forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bay of Bengal · See more »

Bayila (also known as baila) is a form of music, popular in Sri Lanka and parts of India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bayila · See more »

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

New!!: Sri Lanka and BBC · See more »

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

New!!: Sri Lanka and BBC News · See more »

Belilena is a famous large cave in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Belilena · See more »

A bhikkhu (Pali, Sanskrit: bhikṣu) is an ordained monastic ("monk") in Buddhism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bhikkhu · See more »

A bhikkhunī (Pali) or bhikṣuṇī (Sanskrit) is a fully ordained female monastic in Buddhism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bhikkhuni · See more »

Bhuvanekabahu VI (Sapumal Kumaraya) (Sinhala:සපුමල් කුමාරයා) or Chempaha Perumal Gnanaprakasar, S A critical history of Jaffna, p.103 (died 1480) was by self admission an adopted son of Parakramabâhu VI whose principal achievement was the conquest of Jaffna Kingdom in the year 1447 or 1450.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bhuvanaikabahu VI of Kotte · See more »

Global Biodiversity is the variety of different types of life found on Earth and the variations within species.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Biodiversity · See more »

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Biodiversity hotspot · See more »

The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Birth rate · See more »

Black July is the common name used to refer to the anti-Tamil pogrom and riots in Sri Lanka during July 1983.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Black July · See more »

Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Black-and-white · See more »

The Bodhi Tree, also known as Bo (from Sinhalese: Bo) and "peepal tree" in Nepal and Bhutan, was a large and very old sacred fig tree (Ficus religiosa) located in Bodh Gaya, India, under which Siddhartha Gautama, the spiritual teacher later known as Gautama Buddha, is said to have attained enlightenment, or Bodhi.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bodhi Tree · See more »

The Bodhi-Vamsa, or Mahabodhi-Vamsa, is a prose poem in elaborate Sanskritized Pali, composed by Upatissa in the reign of Mahinda IV of Sri Lanka about AD 980.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bodhi Vamsa · See more »

Bollywood is the sobriquet for the Hindi language film industry, based in Mumbai, India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bollywood · See more »

In the sport of cricket bowling is the action of propelling the ball toward the wicket defended by a batsman.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bowling (cricket) · See more »

British Ceylon (Sinhala: බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය ලංකාව, Britanya Lankava; Tamil: பிரித்தானிய இலங்கை, Birithaniya Ilangai), known contemporaneously as Ceylon, was a British Crown colony between 1802 and 1948.

New!!: Sri Lanka and British Ceylon · See more »

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.

New!!: Sri Lanka and British Empire · See more »

British people, or Britons, are the indigenous people or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies; and their descendants.

New!!: Sri Lanka and British people · See more »

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

New!!: Sri Lanka and Buddhism · See more »

Theravada Buddhism is the religion of about 70% of the population of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Buddhism in Sri Lanka · See more »

Bundala National Park is an internationally important wintering ground for migratory water birds in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bundala National Park · See more »

The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs (DRL) at the United States Department of State is one of three bureaus and two offices that constitute the Office of the Under Secretary for Global Affairs.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor · See more »

Burgher people, also known simply as Burghers, are a Eurasian ethnic group in Sri Lanka descended from Portuguese, Dutch, British and other Europeans who settled in the island.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Burgher people · See more »

Business Insider is an American business, celebrity and technology news website launched in February 2009 and based in New York City.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Business Insider · See more »

The Business Anti-Corruption Portal (BACP) is a one-stop shop for business anti-corruption information offering tools on how to mitigate risks and costs of corruption when doing business abroad.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Business-Anti-Corruption Portal · See more »

Christopher William Wijekoon Kannangara (Sinhala:සි.ඩබ්ලිව්.ඩබ්ලිව්.කන්නන්ගර;13 October 1884 – 23 September 1969) was a Sri Lankan lawyer and politician.

New!!: Sri Lanka and C. W. W. Kannangara · See more »

A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cabinet (government) · See more »

Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar (Πτολεμαῖος ΙΕʹ Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλομήτωρ Καῖσαρ, Ptolemaios IEʹ Philopatōr Philomētōr Kaisar; Ptolemaeus XV Philopator Philomētor Caesar; June 23, 47 BC – August 23, 30 BC), better known by the nicknames Caesarion (Καισαρίων, Kaisariōn, literally "little Caesar"; Caesariō) and Ptolemy Caesar (Πτολεμαῖος Καῖσαρ, Ptolemaios Kaisar; Ptolemaeus Caesar), was the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, who reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 44 BC.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Caesarion · See more »

Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, Kampuchea), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Preah Reacheanachak Kampuchea) and once known as the Khmer Empire, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cambodia · See more »

The city of Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cambridge · See more »

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cambridge University Press · See more »

Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Canada · See more »

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, province, or other region, usually as its seat of government.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Capital city · See more »

Capitalism is an economic system in which trade, industry, and the means of production are privately owned and operated via profit and loss calculation (price signals) through the price system.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Capitalism · See more »

Carnegie Mellon University (Carnegie Mellon or CMU; or) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Carnegie Mellon University · See more »

The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cashew · See more »

Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, non-commensality and hereditary occupations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Caste · See more »

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Catholic Church · See more »

CBS News is the news division of American television and radio network CBS.

New!!: Sri Lanka and CBS News · See more »

The Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL) is the central bank of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Central Bank of Sri Lanka · See more »

Central Highlands of Sri Lanka is a recognised world Heritage Site in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Central Highlands of Sri Lanka · See more »

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Central Intelligence Agency · See more »

The Central Province (මධ්‍යම පළාත Madhyama Palata, மத்திய மாகாணம் Malaiyakam Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Central Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

The centre-left or moderate left is an adherence to views leaning to the left but closer to the centre on the left-right political spectrum than other left-wing variants.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Centre-left politics · See more »

The Ceylon Citizenship Act No.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ceylon Citizenship Act · See more »

The Ceylon Civil Service, popularly known by its acronym CCS was the primer civil service of the Government of Ceylon under the British colonial rule and immediate post Independence period.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ceylon Civil Service · See more »

General elections were held in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) from August 23 to September 20, 1947.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ceylonese parliamentary election, 1947 · See more »

General elections were held in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1956.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ceylonese parliamentary election, 1956 · See more »

General elections were held in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in July 1960.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ceylonese parliamentary election, July 1960 · See more »

The first election to the State Council of Ceylon were held from 13 to 20 June 1931.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ceylonese State Council election, 1931 · See more »

Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14,The date of birth recorded on his birth certificate was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year. Constenla alleges that she was told by Che's mother, Celia de la Serna, that she was already pregnant when she and Ernesto Guevara Lynch were married and that the date on the birth certificate of their son was forged to make it appear that he was born a month later than the actual date to avoid scandal. (Anderson 1997, pp. 3, 769.) 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as el Che or simply Che, was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military theorist.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Che Guevara · See more »

Cheena di (චීනාඩි, lit. Chinese fist) is a Chinese-derived martial art from Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cheena di · See more »

The Cheras were an ancient Dravidian royal dynasty of Tamil origin who ruled in regions of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Chera dynasty · See more »

The Chief Justice of Sri Lanka is the head of the judicial system of Sri Lanka and is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Chief Justice of Sri Lanka · See more »

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and China · See more »

Chinese (汉语 / 漢語; Hànyǔ or 中文; Zhōngwén) is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Chinese language · See more »

Chinese people are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China, either by reason of ancestry or heredity, nationality, citizenship, place of residence, or other affiliations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Chinese people · See more »

Chloroxylon swietenia (Ceylon satinwood, East Indian satinwood or buruta (බුරුත in Sinhala)) is a tropical hardwood, the sole species in the genus Chloroxylon (from the Greek χλωρὸν ξύλον, "green wood").

New!!: Sri Lanka and Chloroxylon · See more »

The Chola dynasty (also called Choda and Cholan) was an ancient dynasty of southern India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Chola dynasty · See more »

The period of Chola rule in the island of Sri Lanka began in 993 when Raja Raja Chola sent a large Chola army which conquered the Anuradhapura Kingdom, in the north, and added it to the sovereignty of the Chola Empire.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Chola rule in Sri Lanka · See more »

ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Christianity · See more »

Christianity is a minority religion in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Christianity in Sri Lanka · See more »

Christmas or Christmas Day (Crīstesmæsse, meaning "Christ's Mass") is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Christmas · See more »

The Church of Ceylon is the Anglican Church in Sri Lanka, as an extraprovincial diocese of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Church of Ceylon · See more »

Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cinnamon · See more »

Citigroup Inc. or Citi is an American multinational banking and financial services corporation headquartered in Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Citigroup · See more »

Civil law, civilian law or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Civil law (legal system) · See more »

Clarence Wijewardena (ක්ලැරන්ස් විජේවර්ධන; 3 August 1943 – 13 December 1996) was one of the most respected Sri Lankan musicians in Sinhala music,who pioneered the use of electric guitar in Sinhala music.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Clarence Wijewardena · See more »

Clement Allan Tisdell (born 18 November 1939 in Taree, New South Wales) is an Australian economist and Emeritus Professor at the University of Queensland.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Clem Tisdell · See more »

Clothing is fiber and textile material worn on the body.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Clothing · See more »

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Coconut · See more »

Coconut milk is the liquid that comes from the grated meat of a brown coconut.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Coconut milk · See more »

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Coffee · See more »

The Colebrooke–Cameron Commission was a Royal Commission of Eastern Inquiry sent by the British Colonial Office in 1829 to assess the administration of the island of Ceylon and to make recommendations for administrative, financial, economic, and judicial reform.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Colebrooke–Cameron Commission · See more »

Colombo (Sinhala: කොළඹ, pronounced; கொழும்பு) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Colombo · See more »

The Port of Colombo (known as Port of Kolomtota during the early 14th Century Kotte Kingdom) is the largest and busiest port in Sri Lanka as well as in South Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Colombo Harbour · See more »

The Colombo Plan is a regional organisation that embodies the concept of collective intergovernmental effort to strengthen economic and social development of member countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Colombo Plan · See more »

The Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) is the main stock exchange in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Colombo Stock Exchange · See more »

Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Columbia University Press · See more »

A commander-in-chief is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces or significant elements of those forces.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Commander-in-chief · See more »

Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process or regulations issued by the executive branch.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Common law · See more »

The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Commonwealth of Nations · See more »

The Commonwealth Secretariat is the main intergovernmental agency and central institution of the Commonwealth of Nations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Commonwealth Secretariat · See more »

The Communist Party of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂය Sri Lankavay Komiyunist Pakshaya இலங்கை கம்யூனிஸ்ட் கட்சி) is a communist party in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Communist Party of Sri Lanka · See more »

Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of persons, imposed by law.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Compulsory education · See more »

Concubinage is an interpersonal relationship in which a person engages in an ongoing sexual relationship with another person to whom they are not or cannot be married to the full extent of the local meaning of marriage.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Concubinage · See more »

Conscription, or drafting, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Conscription · See more »

Conservation International (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Conservation International · See more »

The Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka has been the constitution of the island nation of Sri Lanka since its original promulgation by the National State Assembly on 7 September 1978.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Constitution of Sri Lanka · See more »

A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Controlled-access highway · See more »

A plantain, or cooking plantain, is one of the less sweet cultivated varieties (cultivars) of the genus Musa whose fruit is also known as the banana.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cooking plantain · See more »

Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Coral reef · See more »

A county, abbreviated Cnty. (US) or Co. (UK and Ireland), is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes,Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and County · See more »

A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language that has developed from a pidgin (i.e. a simplified language or simplified mixture of languages used by non-native speakers) becoming nativized by children as their first language, with the accompanying effect of a fully developed vocabulary and system of grammar.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Creole language · See more »

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cricket · See more »

The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cricket World Cup · See more »

Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Criminal law · See more »

Cristina Goettsch Mittermeier (born Cristina Sofía Goettsch Cabello on November 26, 1966) in Mexico City, Mexico is an aspiring professional photographer.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cristina Mittermeier · See more »

A Crown colony, also known in the 17th century as royal colony, was a type of colonial administration of the English and later British Empire.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Crown colony · See more »

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country in the Caribbean comprising the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cuba · See more »

Cue sports (sometimes written cuesports), also known as billiard sports, are a wide variety of games of skill generally played with a cue stick which is used to strike billiard balls, moving them around a cloth-covered billiards table bounded by rubber.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cue sports · See more »

The Cūḷavaṃsa, also Chulavamsa (Pāli: "Lesser Chronicle"), is a historical record, written in the Pali language, of the monarchs of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Culavamsa · See more »

Buddhist culture is exemplified through Buddhist art, Buddhist architecture, Buddhist music and Buddhist cuisine.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Culture of Buddhism · See more »

In meteorology, a cyclone is an area of closed, circular fluid motion rotating in the same direction as the Earth.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Cyclone · See more »

Don Stephen Senanayake, (දොන් ස්ටීවන් සේනානායක; 20 October 1883 – 22 March 1952) was the first Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and D. S. Senanayake · See more »

A dam is a barrier that impounds water or underground streams.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dam · See more »

DAWN is Pakistan's oldest and most widely read English-language newspaper in Pakistan.

New!!: Sri Lanka and DAWN (newspaper) · See more »

Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Deer · See more »

There is neither an academic nor an accurate legal consensus regarding the definition of terrorism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Definitions of terrorism · See more »

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

New!!: Sri Lanka and Democracy · See more »

Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations typically in the economic sphere.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Deregulation · See more »

Tissa, later Devanampiya Tissa was one of the earliest rulers of Sri Lanka based at the ancient capital of Anuradhapura from 307 BC to 267 BC.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Devanampiya Tissa of Anuradhapura · See more »

A developing country, also called a less developed country or underdeveloped country, is a nation with an underdeveloped industrial base, and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Developing country · See more »

Devolution is the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional, local, or state level.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Devolution · See more »

Dharma (धर्म dharma,; धम्म dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dharma · See more »

Dhatusena was a king of Sri Lanka who ruled from 455 to 473 A.D. He was the first king of the Moriyan dynasty of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dhatusena of Anuradhapura · See more »

The Dipavamsa or Deepavamsa (i.e., "Chronicle of the Island"; in Pali: Dīpavaṃsa), is the oldest historical record of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dipavamsa · See more »

In Sri Lanka, districts (දිස්ත්‍රි‌ක්‌ක, மாவட்டம்) are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Districts of Sri Lanka · See more »

The districts of Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Divisional Secretariats of Sri Lanka · See more »

Dominions were semi-independent polities that were nominally under the Crown, constituting the British Empire and British Commonwealth, beginning in the later part of the 19th century.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dominion · See more »

Ceylon (Sinhala: ලංකා ඩොමීනියන් රාජ්‍යය Lanka Dominian Rajyaya) was a Dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations between 1948 and 1972.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dominion of Ceylon · See more »

Sir Don Baron Jayatilaka (Sinhala:ශ්‍රිමත් දොන් බාරොන් ජයතිලක; 13 February 1868 – 29 May 1944) known as D.B. Jayatilaka was a Sri Lankan educationalist, statesmen and diplomat.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Don Baron Jayatilaka · See more »

The Donoughmore Commission (DC) was responsible for the creation of the Donoughmore Constitution in effect between 1931–47 in Ceylon (now called Sri Lanka).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Donoughmore Commission · See more »

The Donoughmore Constitution, created by the Donoughmore Commission, served Sri Lanka (Ceylon) from 1931 to 1947 when it was replaced by the Soulbury Constitution.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Donoughmore Constitution · See more »

Dow Jones & Company is an American publishing and financial information firm that has been owned by News Corp since 2007.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dow Jones & Company · See more »

A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Duchy · See more »

Dudley Shelton Senanayake (Sinhala:ඩඩ්ලි ශෙල්ටන් සේනානායක|Tamil:டட்லி சேனநாயக்கா); 19 June 1911 – 13 April 1973) was a Ceylonese (now Sri Lanka) politician, who became the second Prime Minister of Ceylon and went on to become prime minister on three more times during the 1950s and 1960s.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dudley Senanayake · See more »

Duncan White, MBE (1 March 1918 – 3 July 1998) was the first Ceylonese athlete to win a medal for his country in an Olympic event.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Duncan White · See more »

Dutch Ceylon was a governorate established in present-day Sri Lanka by the Dutch East India Company.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dutch Ceylon · See more »

The United East Indian Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), referred to by the British as the Dutch East India Company, was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dutch East India Company · See more »

The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders, a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders" are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dutch people · See more »

The Dutch–Portuguese War was an armed conflict involving Dutch forces, in the form of the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company, against the Portuguese Empire.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dutch–Portuguese War · See more »

Dutugamunu (Sinhala: Duṭugämuṇu), also known as Dutthagamani duṭṭhagāmaṇī and Gāmaṇī Abhaya ("fearless Gamini"), was a Sinhalese king of Sri Lanka who reigned from 161 BC to 137 BC.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Dutugamunu · See more »

The Southern Expressway, also known as the Southern Lanka Distributor (Sinhala: දක්ෂිණ ලංකා අධිවේගි මාර්ගය, Tamil: தென்னிலங்கை அதிவேக நெடுஞ்சாலை) is Sri Lanka's first E Class highway.

New!!: Sri Lanka and E01 expressway (Sri Lanka) · See more »

Colombo - Katunayake Expressway is Sri Lanka's second E Class highway.

New!!: Sri Lanka and E03 expressway (Sri Lanka) · See more »

Early flying machines include all forms of aircraft studied or constructed before the development of the modern aeroplane by 1910.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Early flying machines · See more »

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

New!!: Sri Lanka and East India Company · See more »

EasterTraditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, (Old English usually Ēastrun, -on, or -an; also Ēastru, -o; and Ēostre), also called Pasch (derived, through Pascha and Greek Πάσχα Paskha, from פסחא, cognate to פֶּסַח Pesaḥ)In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Greek word Pascha is used for the celebration; in English, the analogous word is Pasch.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Easter · See more »

The Eastern Province (கிழக்கு மாகாணம் Kil̮akku Mākāṇam; නැගෙනහිර පළාත Næ̆gĕnahira Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Eastern Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

Ebony is a dense black wood, most commonly yielded by several different species in the genus Diospyros.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ebony · See more »

Ediriweera Sarachchandra (3 June 1914 – 16 August 1996) was an Sri Lankan playwright, novelist, poet, literary critic, essayist and social commentator.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ediriweera Sarachchandra · See more »

Education is the process of facilitating learning.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Education · See more »

Edward Harper was a British engineer who travelled to Colombo in 1921 to work in the Ceylon Telegraph Department.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Edward Harper (engineer) · See more »

An electoral district (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Electoral district · See more »

Ellāḷaṉ, known as Elara in Sinhalese, was a Tamil from the Chola country who upon capturing the throne became king of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, in present day Sri Lanka, from 205-161 BCE.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ellalan · See more »

An emerging market is a country that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not meet standards to be a developed market.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Emerging markets · See more »

Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Encarta · See more »

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Encyclopædia Britannica · See more »

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Endemism · See more »

Thousands of people have disappeared in Sri Lanka since the 1980s.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Enforced disappearances in Sri Lanka · See more »

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

New!!: Sri Lanka and English language · See more »

English law means the legal system of England and Wales.

New!!: Sri Lanka and English law · See more »

An entrenched clause or entrenchment clause of a basic law or constitution is a provision which makes certain amendments either more difficult or impossible, i.e., inadmissible.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Entrenched clause · See more »

An epic (from the Ancient Greek adjective ἐπικός (epikos), from ἔπος (epos) "word, story, poem") is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Epic poetry · See more »

Epigraphy (from the ἐπιγραφή epi-graphē, literally "on-writing", is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Epigraphy · See more »

ESPNcricinfo (formerly CricInfo) is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket.

New!!: Sri Lanka and ESPNcricinfo · See more »

An estuary is a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Estuary · See more »

An evergreen forest is a forest consisting entirely or mainly of evergreen trees that retain green foliage all year round.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Evergreen forest · See more »

An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Exclusive economic zone · See more »

The executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Executive (government) · See more »

The Executive Council of Ceylon was the Executive Council created in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) by the British colonial administration on the recommendations of the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission along with the Legislative Council of Ceylon in March 1833.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Executive Council of Ceylon · See more »

An executive president is a president who exercises active executive power in a certain systems of government.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Executive president · See more »

Sri Lanka currently has over of designated expressways serving the southern part of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Expressways of Sri Lanka · See more »

Pahiyangala Cave is a cave in the district of Kalutara, Western Province, Sri Lanka, according to a village legend named after the Buddhist monk fa-hien (Wade-Giles: Fa Hsien).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Fa Hien Cave · See more »

Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Faxian · See more »

Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Federalism · See more »

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Federation of American Scientists · See more »

Feldspars (KAlSi3O8 – NaAlSi3O8 – CaAl2Si2O8) are a group of rock-forming tectosilicate minerals that make up as much as 60% of the Earth's crust.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Feldspar · See more »

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) is a Cuban politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and then President from 1976 to 2008.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Fidel Castro · See more »

Finance is a field that deals with assets and liabilities over time under conditions of certainty and uncertainty.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Finance · See more »

A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Flag carrier · See more »

Flickr (pronounced "flicker") is an image hosting and video hosting website, and web services suite that was created by Ludicorp in 2004 and acquired by Yahoo in 2005.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Flickr · See more »

The flowering plants (angiosperms), also known as Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Flowering plant · See more »

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Italian: Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is an agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations · See more »

Food processing is the transformation of raw ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Food processing · See more »

In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Forced disappearance · See more »

Fourth Buddhist Council is the name of two separate Buddhist council meetings.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Fourth Buddhist council · See more »

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Sri Lanka and France · See more »

Dom Francisco de Almeida, also known as "the Great Dom Francisco" (ca. 1450 – March 1, 1510), was a Portuguese nobleman, soldier and explorer.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Francisco de Almeida · See more »

Free education refers to education that is funded through taxation or charitable organizations rather than tuition fees.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Free education · See more »

A free market is a market economy system in which the prices for goods and services are set freely by consent between vendors and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Free market · See more »

Freedom from Torture (previously known as The Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture) is a British registered charity which provides therapeutic care for survivors of torture in the UK.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Freedom from Torture · See more »

Freedom of religion in Sri Lanka has been historically upheld through religious tolerance and multiculturalism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Freedom of religion in Sri Lanka · See more »

Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the freedom of communication and expression through mediums including various electronic media and published materials.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Freedom of the press · See more »

A fringing reef is one of the three main types of coral reefs recognized by most coral reef scientists.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Fringing reef · See more »

The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright-Hays Program, is a program of highly competitive, merit-based grants for international educational exchange for students, scholars, teachers, professionals, scientists and artists, founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright in 1946.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Fulbright Program · See more »

Ganapathipillai Gangaser Ponnambalam, QC (8 November 1901 – 9 December 1977), known as G.G. Ponnambalam, was a Sri Lankan Tamil politician in Ceylon, during the British colonial and post era independence.

New!!: Sri Lanka and G. G. Ponnambalam · See more »

Galle (ගාල්ල;காலி) is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the southwestern tip, 119 km from Colombo.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Galle · See more »

The Galle Trilingual Inscription is a stone tablet inscription in three languages, Chinese, Tamil and Persian, that was erected in 1409 in Galle, Sri Lanka to commemorate the second visit to the island by the Chinese admiral Zheng He.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Galle Trilingual Inscription · See more »

Gallup, Inc., is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gallup (company) · See more »

Gamperaliya is a 1963 Sri Lankan drama film directed by Lester James Peries; it was adapted from the novel Gamperaliya by Martin Wickramasinghe.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gamperaliya (film) · See more »

Gampola (Sinhala:ගම්පොල, Tamil:கம்பளை) is a town located in Kandy District, Central Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gampola · See more »

Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni, or simply the Buddha, was a sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gautama Buddha · See more »

A gemstone or gem (also called a fine gem, jewel, or a precious or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal, which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewelry or other adornments.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gemstone · See more »

A general election is an election in which all or most members of a given political body are chosen.

New!!: Sri Lanka and General election · See more »

Geographical renaming is the changing of the name of a geographical feature or area.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Geographical renaming · See more »

The Gini coefficient (also known as the Gini index or Gini ratio) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measure of inequality.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gini coefficient · See more »

The Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Global Competitiveness Report · See more »

Golu Hadawatha (Translation: Silence of the Heart) was a popular 1969 Sinhalese language romance film directed by maestro Lester James Peiris.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Golu Hadawatha · See more »

Google Maps is a desktop web mapping service developed by Google.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Google Maps · See more »

A Government Agent (GA) or a District Secretary is a Sri Lankan civil servant of the Sri Lanka Administrative Service appointed by the central government to govern a certain district of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Government Agent (Sri Lanka) · See more »

A government budget is a government document presenting the government's proposed revenues and spending for a financial year.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Government budget balance · See more »

The government of Sri Lanka is a semi-presidential system determined by the Sri Lankan Constitution.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Government of Sri Lanka · See more »

The British Governor of Ceylon was an official who ruled British Ceylon during the British colonial period between 1798 and 1948.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Governors of British Ceylon · See more »

A Grama Niladhari ("village officer") is a Sri Lankan public official appointed by the central government to carry out administrative duties in a grama niladhari division, which is a subunit of a divisional secretariat.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Grama Niladhari · See more »

Graphite, archaically referred to as Plumbago, is a crystalline form of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and one of the allotropes of carbon.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Graphite · See more »

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Great Britain · See more »

The Great Rebellion of 1817–1818, also known as the 1818 Uva-Wellassa Uprising (after the two places it had started), or simply the Uva Rebellion, was the third Kandyan War with the British, in what is now Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Great Rebellion of 1817–18 · See more »

The green-billed coucal (Centropus chlororhynchos) is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes, which also includes the roadrunners, the anis, and the hoatzin.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Green-billed coucal · See more »

In general, grievance (from class. lat. gravis – heavy) is a wrong or hardship suffered, whether real or supposed, which forms legitimate grounds of complaint.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Grievance · See more »

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gross domestic product · See more »

The Group of 77 at the United Nations is a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Group of 77 · See more »

The Gulf of Mannar is a large shallow bay forming part of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Gulf of Mannar · See more »

Hettiarachchige Reginald Jothipala (එච්.අර්.ජොතිපාල; 12 February 1936 – 7 July 1987) was a prolific playback singer in the Sinhala cinema.

New!!: Sri Lanka and H. R. Jothipala · See more »

The Hajj (حج "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult male Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hajj · See more »

Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony who often presides over a cabinet.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Head of government · See more »

A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Head of state · See more »

The hectare (or; symbol ha) is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to and primarily used in the measurement of land.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hectare · See more »

Hemileia vastatrix is a fungus of the order Pucciniales (previously also known as Uredinales) that causes coffee leaf rust (CLR), a disease that is devastating to susceptible coffee plantations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hemileia vastatrix · See more »

High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) is an enhanced 3G (third-generation) mobile-telephony communications protocol in the High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA) family, also dubbed 3.5G, 3G+, or Turbo 3G, which allows networks based on Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) to have higher data speeds and capacity.

New!!: Sri Lanka and High-Speed Downlink Packet Access · See more »

High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) is a 3G mobile telephony protocol in the HSPA family with up-link speeds up to 5.76 Mbit/s.

New!!: Sri Lanka and High-Speed Uplink Packet Access · See more »

Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hindi · See more »

Hindu has historically referred to geographical, religious or cultural identifier for people indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hindu · See more »

Hindu mythology is a large body of traditional narratives related to Hinduism as contained in Sanskrit literature (such as the epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, the Puranas, and the Vedas), Ancient Tamil literature (such as the Sangam literature and Periya Puranam), several other works, most notably the Bhagavata Purana, claiming the status of a Fifth Veda and other religious regional literature of South Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hindu mythology · See more »

Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hinduism · See more »

The Hinduism, has a long tradition in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hinduism in Sri Lanka · See more »

The history of Sri Lanka begins around 30,000 years ago.

New!!: Sri Lanka and History of Sri Lanka · See more »

Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens) are the only extant members of the hominin clade (or human clade), a branch of the great apes; they are characterized by erect posture and bipedal locomotion, manual dexterity and increased tool use, and a general trend toward larger, more complex brains and societies.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Human · See more »

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Human Development Index · See more »

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, Dec 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved Aug.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Human rights · See more »

Major human rights groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, as well as the United States Department of State and the European Union, have expressed concern about the state of human rights in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Human rights in Sri Lanka · See more »

Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Human Rights Watch · See more »

Hurulu Forest Reserve of Sri Lanka was designated as a biosphere reserve in January 1977.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Hurulu Forest Reserve · See more »

The ibises (collective plural ibis; classical plurals ibides and ibes) are a group of long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ibis · See more »

The IBSF World Billiards Championship (previously known as the World Amateur Billiards Championship) is the premier, international, non-professional tournament for the game of English billiards.

New!!: Sri Lanka and IBSF World Billiards Championship · See more »

The ICC World Twenty20 (also referred to as the World T20, and wrongly as the T20 World Cup) is the international championship of Twenty20 cricket.

New!!: Sri Lanka and ICC World Twenty20 · See more »

Idiyappam (இடியாப்ப‌ம்),(ഇടിയപ്പം), (ඉඳි ආප්ප) also known as Nooputt (or Noolputtu)(Kodava: ನೋಲ್ ಪೂಟ್ಟ್) or string hoppers is a traditional Tamil, Kerala, Kodava, Tulu and Sri Lankan food consisting of rice flour pressed into noodle form and then steamed.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Idiyappam · See more »

Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi (ITAK) (இலங்கைத் தமிழரசுக் கட்சி, ඉලංගෙයි තමිළ් අරසු කච්චි) is a Sri Lankan political party which represents the Sri Lankan Tamil ethnic minority in the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi · See more »

Ilmenite is the titanium-iron oxide mineral with the idealized formula.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ilmenite · See more »

Independent Television Network Limited (also known as ITN Ltd) is a Sri Lankan state governed television and radio broadcaster located in Wickramasinhapura, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Independent Television Network · See more »

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and India · See more »

The Indian intervention in the Sri Lankan Civil War was the deployment of the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka intended to perform a peacekeeping role.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indian intervention in the Sri Lankan Civil War · See more »

The Indian pangolin, thick-tailed pangolin, or scaly anteater (Manis crassicaudata) is a pangolin found in the plains and hills of India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indian pangolin · See more »

Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indian Peace Keeping Force · See more »

The Indian Plate or India Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the equator in the eastern hemisphere.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indian Plate · See more »

The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indian subcontinent · See more »

Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka · See more »

The Indo-Australian Plate was a major tectonic plate that included the continent of Australia and surrounding ocean, and extended northwest to include the Indian subcontinent and adjacent waters.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indo-Australian Plate · See more »

The Indo-Sri Lanka Peace Accord was an accord signed in Colombo on 29 July, 1987, between Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President J. R. Jayewardene.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indo-Sri Lanka Accord · See more »

The Indomalaya ecozone is one of the eight ecozones.It extends across most of South and Southeast Asia and into the southern parts of East Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Indomalaya ecozone · See more »

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

New!!: Sri Lanka and International Futures · See more »

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".

New!!: Sri Lanka and International Monetary Fund · See more »

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

New!!: Sri Lanka and International Union for Conservation of Nature · See more »

The Iron Age is the period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Iron Age · See more »

The irrigation works in ancient Sri Lanka, the earliest dating from about 300 BCE, in the reign of King Pandukabhaya and under continuous development for the next thousand years, were some of the most complex irrigation systems of the ancient world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Irrigation works in ancient Sri Lanka · See more »

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Islam · See more »

Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced by 99.7%Department of Census and Statistics, of the Moorish population of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Islam in Sri Lanka · See more »

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Island country · See more »

Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks and teeth of animals, that is used in art or manufacturing.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ivory · See more »

Junius Richard Jayewardene (ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන,ஜூனியஸ் ரிச்சட் ஜயவர்தனா; 17 September 1906 – 1 November 1996), famously abbreviated in Sri Lanka as JR, was the leader of Sri Lanka from 1977 to 1989, serving as Prime Minister from 1977 to 1978 and as 2nd President of Sri Lanka from 1978 till 1989.

New!!: Sri Lanka and J. R. Jayewardene · See more »

The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak is a species of tree in the mulberry and fig family (Moraceae).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Jackfruit · See more »

Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் Yalpanam, යාපනය Yāpanaya) is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Jaffna · See more »

The Jaffna kingdom (யாழ்ப்பாண அரசு) (1215-1624 CE), also known as Kingdom of Aryacakravarti, of modern northern Sri Lanka was a historic monarchy that came into existence around the town of Jaffna on the Jaffna peninsula after the invasion of Magha, who is identified as the founder of the Jaffna kingdom and is said to have been from Kalinga, in India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Jaffna kingdom · See more »

The Jaffna Peninsula (யாழ்ப்பாண குடாநாடு Yalpana Kuthanadu) is an area in Northern Province, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Jaffna Peninsula · See more »

Sir James Emerson Tennent, 1st Baronet FRS (7 April 1804 – 6 March 1869), born James Emerson, was an Irish politician and traveller.

New!!: Sri Lanka and James Emerson Tennent · See more »

The Janathā Vimukthi Peramuṇa (ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ; மக்கள் விடுதலை முன்னணி "People's Liberation Front") is a communist and Marxist–Leninist party in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna · See more »

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Japan · See more »

Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi (Sinhala:ජය ශ්‍රි මහා බොධිය) is a Sacred Fig tree in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi · See more »

The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Judiciary · See more »

Justice Kanagasabapathy J. Sripavan (கனகசபாபதி சிறீபவன் Kaṉakacapāpati Ciṟīpavaṉ, කනකසපාපති ශ්‍රීපවන්; born 29 February 1952) is a Sri Lankan lawyer, judge and the current Chief Justice of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and K. Sripavan · See more »

Kachcha-thiva or Katchatheevu or Kachchativu (கச்சத்தீவு, කච්චතීවු) is a uninhabited island administered by Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kachchatheevu · See more »

Kadawunu Poronduwa (Sinhala: කඩවුනු පොරොන්දුව, "The Broken Promise") was the first film to be made in the Sinhala language; it is generally considered to have heralded the coming of Sinhala Cinema.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kadawunu Poronduwa · See more »

Kalawewa (Sinhala: කලා වැව) is an ancient reservoir in Anuradhapura District of the North Central Province, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kala Wewa · See more »

Kalinga/Kalingi is an Indian caste of temple priests and cultivators, found mainly in Srikakulam.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kalinga (India) · See more »

Kalinga Magha (reigned 1215–1236), (କଳିଙ୍ଗ ମଘା,கலிங்க மாகன்,කාලිංග මාඝ) also known as Magha the Tyrant, is an invader who is remembered primarily for his aggressive conquest and Hindu fanaticism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kalinga Magha · See more »

Kandy (මහ නුවර Maha nuwara, pronounced; கண்டி, pronounced) is a major city in Sri Lanka, located in the Central Province, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kandy · See more »

The Kandy Esala Perahera (the Esala procession of Kandy) is a grand festival celebrated with elegant costumes and is held in July and August in Kandy, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kandy Esala Perahera · See more »

The Kandyan Convention was an agreement signed on the 10th of March 1815 between the British and the Chiefs of the Kandyan Kingdom, in Sri Lanka for the deposition of rule King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kandyan Convention · See more »

Kandyan dance (Sinhala: උඩරට නැටුම්) encompasses various dance forms native to the area called Kandy of the central hills region in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kandyan dance · See more »

The Kandyan Treaty of 1638 was a treaty between the Kingdom of Kandy, in Sri Lanka, and the Dutch Republic signed by King Rajasinghe II for the Kingdom of Kandy and Adam Westerwold and William Jacobsz Coster, a commander and vice commander of the Dutch Naval Forces respectively, for the Dutch East India Company.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kandyan Treaty of 1638 · See more »

The Kandyan Wars (or the Kandian Wars) refers generally to the period of warfare between the British colonial forces and the Kingdom of Kandy, on the island of what is now present day Sri Lanka, between 1796 and 1818.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kandyan Wars · See more »

Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya or KDN is a forest complex in southern Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya · See more »

Kaolinite is a clay mineral, part of the group of industrial minerals, with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kaolinite · See more »

Deshabandu Karu Jayasuriya (Sinhala:කරු ජයසුරිය) (born 29 September 1940) is a Sri Lankan politician who has been Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka since 2015.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Karu Jayasuriya · See more »

Kashyapa I, also known as Kasyapa I, was a king of Sri Lanka, who ruled the country from 473 to 495 CE.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kashyapa I of Anuradhapura · See more »

Kavan Tissa, also known as Kavantissa, Kaha Wan Thissa,(that means who has the color of golden body).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kavan Tissa, Prince of Ruhuna · See more »

Kegalle (කෑගල්ල; கேகாலை) is a large town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kegalle · See more »

The Kingdom of Dambadeniya was a medieval kingdom in what is present day Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Dambadeniya · See more »

Gampola is a town located near Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Gampola · See more »

Kingdom of Kandy was an independent monarchy of the island of Lanka, located in the central and eastern portion of the island.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Kandy · See more »

The Kingdom of Kotte, centered on Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (located just outside present-day Colombo), was a kingdom that flourished in Sri Lanka during the 15th century.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Kotte · See more »

The Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was the kingdom from which Sri Lankan kings ruled the island from the 8th century until 1310 CE.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Polonnaruwa · See more »

The Kingdom of Sitawaka (Sinhala: සීතාවක) was a kingdom located in south-central Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Sitawaka · See more »

The Kingdom of Tambapanni, also referred to as Kingdom of Thambapanni, was the first administrative center in ancient Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Rajarata.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Tambapanni · See more »

Kiribath (milk rice) is a traditional Sri Lankan dish made from rice.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kiribath · See more »

Kothu (chopped) or koththu roti is a Sri Lankan dish made from Godhamba roti (a type of Sri Lankan roti) and vegetables, egg and/or meat, and spices; the bread is described as similar to parotta and roti canai.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kottu · See more »

Kubera (कुबेर, Pali/later Sanskrit: Kuvera) also spelt Kuber, is the Lord of Wealth and the god-king of the semi-divine Yakshas in Hindu mythology.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kubera · See more »

Kurunegala (කුරුණෑගල, குருணாகல்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Kurunegala · See more »

A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lagoon · See more »

Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is any specific example of such a system.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Language · See more »

Lanka (Sanskrit lankā "island") is the name given in Hindu mythology to the island fortress capital of the legendary demon king Ravana in the epics of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lanka · See more »

The Lanka Sama Samaja Party (literally Lanka Equal Society Party, in Sinhala: ලංකා සම සමාජ පක්ෂය, in Tamil: லங்கா சமசமாஜக் கட்சி) is a Trotskyist political party in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lanka Sama Samaja Party · See more »

Laos ((or) ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (LPDR) (République démocratique populaire lao), is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and the People's Republic of China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Laos · See more »

Lasantha Manilal Wickrematunge (5 April 1958 – 8 January 2009) was a high-profile Sri Lankan Journalist, Politician and Human Rights Activist who was assassinated in January 2009.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lasantha Wickrematunge · See more »

The Netherlands is a civil law country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Law of the Netherlands · See more »

The Legislative Council of Ceylon was the legislative body of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) established in 1833, along with the Executive Council of Ceylon, on the recommendations of the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Legislative Council of Ceylon · See more »

A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Legislature · See more »

The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five "big cats" in the genus Panthera.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Leopard · See more »

The Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC, උගත් පාඩම් හා ප්‍රතිසන්ධාන කොමිෂන් සභාව, கற்றுக்கொண்ட பாடங்கள் மற்றும் நல்லிணக்க ஆணைக்குழு) was a commission of inquiry appointed by Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa in May 2010 after the 26-year-long civil war in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission · See more »

Sri Lankabhimanya Lester James Peries (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකාභිමාන්‍ය ලෙස්ටර් ජේම්ස් පීරිස්) (born 5 April 1919) is an internationally acclaimed Sri Lankan film director, screenwriter, and film producer.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lester James Peries · See more »

Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Liberalism · See more »

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள், දෙමළ ඊළාම් විමුක්ති කොටි, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) is a now-defunct militant organisation that was based in northern Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam · See more »

The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Library of Congress Country Studies · See more »

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including gender.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Life expectancy · See more »

This is a list of A-grade highways in Sri Lanka sorted by route number.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of A-Grade highways in Sri Lanka · See more »

The following is a list of attacks on civilians attributed to armed groups under the control of the Sri Lankan government - Army, Navy, Air Force, Police and paramilitary groups (Home Guards/Civil Defence Force, EPDP, PLOTE, TMVP etc.). This list does not contain assassinations which are listed in a separate article.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of attacks on civilians attributed to Sri Lankan government forces · See more »

The following is a list of beaches in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of beaches in Sri Lanka · See more »

Sri Lanka is a tropical island situated close to the southern tip of India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of birds of Sri Lanka · See more »

This is a list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of countries by Human Development Index · See more »

This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate, the rate of growth of the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of countries by real GDP growth rate · See more »

This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of designated terrorist groups · See more »

This is a list of women who have been elected or appointed as head of government of their respective countries.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of elected or appointed female heads of government · See more »

This is a list of island countries.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of island countries · See more »

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of mammals of Sri Lanka · See more »

Note that this partial list contains some authors whose works of fantastic fiction would today be called science fiction, even if they predate, or did not work in that genre.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of science fiction authors · See more »

The Sinhalese Monarchy was established in 543 BC with Prince Vijaya founding the Kingdom of Tambapanni and ended with Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy in 1815.

New!!: Sri Lanka and List of Sinhalese monarchs · See more »

Literacy is traditionally understood as the ability to read and write.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Literacy · See more »

Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lonely Planet · See more »

Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster, or rioting.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Looting · See more »

Lourenço de Almeida (c.1480 - March 1508) was a Portuguese explorer and military commander.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lourenço de Almeida · See more »

Lovamahapaya is a building situated between Ruvanveliseya and Sri Mahabodiya in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lovamahapaya · See more »

LTE, an abbreviation for Long-Term Evolution, commonly marketed as 4G LTE, is a standard for wireless communication of high-speed data for mobile phones and data terminals.

New!!: Sri Lanka and LTE (telecommunication) · See more »

A lunar calendar is a calendar that is based on cycles of the lunar phases.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Lunar calendar · See more »

Madhya Maha Vidyalaya (English: Central College) in Sri Lanka is a type of government school.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Madhya Maha Vidyalaya · See more »

Madol Doova (Sinhala: මඩොල් දූව is a children's novel written by Sri Lankan writer Martin Wickramasinghe and first published in 1947. The book recounts the misadventures of Upali Giniwella and his friends on the Southern coast of Sri Lanka during the 1890s. It later describes the efforts of Upali and his friend Jinna to lead their lives in a small deserted island. The novel has been translated into several languages, and was made into a film in 1976.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Madol Doova · See more »

The Madurai Nayaks were rulers from around 1529 AD until 1736 AD, of a region comprising most of modern-day Tamil Nadu, India, with Madurai as their capital.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Madurai Nayak dynasty · See more »

The Magampura Mahinda Rajapaksa Port (also known as the Port of Hambantota) is a maritime port in Hambantota, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Magampura Mahinda Rajapaksa Port · See more »

Maha Shivaratri is a Hindu festival celebrated annually in reverence of the god Shiva.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Maha Shivaratri · See more »

Mahagama Sekara (Sinhala:මහගම සේකර) (7 April 1929 – 14 January 1976) is one of Sri Lanka's well known poets and was a significant figure in Sinhalese poetry.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mahagama Sekara · See more »

The Mahavamsa ("Great Chronicle", Pali Mahāvaṃsa) is a historical book written in Pali of the Kings of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mahavamsa · See more »

The Mahaweli River (මහවැලි ගඟ, literally "Great Sandy River"; மகாவலி ஆறு), is a long river, ranking as the longest river in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mahaweli River · See more »

Mahinda (Sanskrit Mahendra; born third century BCE in Ujjain, modern Madhya Pradesh, India) was a Buddhist monk depicted in Buddhist sources as bringing Buddhism to Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mahinda (Buddhist monk) · See more »

Percy Mahendra "Mahinda" Rajapaksa, MP (පර්සි මහේන්ද්‍ර "මහින්ද" රාජපක්ෂ,, மகிந்த ராசபக்ச; born 18 November 1945) is a Sri Lankan politician who served as the 6th President of Sri Lanka from 19 November 2005 to 9 January 2015.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mahinda Rajapaksa · See more »

Mahinda V was King of Anuradhapura in the 11th century.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mahinda V of Anuradhapura · See more »

Mahogany is a kind of wood—the straight-grained, reddish-brown timber of three tropical hardwood species of the genus Swietenia, indigenous to the Americas,Bridgewater, Samuel.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mahogany · See more »

Pallewatte Gamaralalage Maithripala Yapa Sirisena (known as Maithripala Sirisena or also referred to as “Maithri”; මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන; மைத்திரிபால சிறிசேன; born 3 September 1951) is a Sri Lankan politician who has been President of Sri Lanka since 2015.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Maithripala Sirisena · See more »

The Malay Peninsula (Semenanjung Tanah Melayu, คาบสมุทรมลายู) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Malay Peninsula · See more »

The Maldives (or;, officially the Republic of Maldives; ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ Dhivehi Raa'jeyge Jumhooriyya) is a sovereign island country and archipelago in the Indian Ocean.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Maldives · See more »

Mammals (class Mammalia from Latin mamma "breast") are any members of a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles and birds by the possession of hair, three middle ear bones, mammary glands, and a neocortex (a region of the brain).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mammal · See more »

Launched in 1971, UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an Intergovernmental Scientific Programme that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Man and the Biosphere Programme · See more »

Mangroves are various large and extensive types of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics—mainly between latitudes ° N and ° S.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mangrove · See more »

Mannar (மன்னார், මන්නාරම), formerly spelled Manar, is a big town, and it's the main town of Mannar District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mannar, Sri Lanka · See more »

Market capitalization or market cap is the total money market value of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company; it is equal to the share price times the number of shares outstanding.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Market capitalization · See more »

A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Market economy · See more »

Martin Wickramasinghe, MBE (Sinhala:මාර්ටින් වික්‍රමසිංහ) (29 May 1890 – 23 July 1976) was a Sri Lankan novelist.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Martin Wickramasinghe · See more »

Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that analyzes class relations and societal conflict, that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, and a dialectical view of social transformation.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Marxism · See more »

Marxism–Leninism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of Marxism and Leninism, and seeks to establish socialist states and develop them further.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Marxism–Leninism · See more »

The Matale Rebellion, also known as the Rebellion of 1848, took place in Ceylon against the British colonial government under Governor Lord Torrington, 7th Viscount Torrington.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Matale Rebellion · See more »

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mathematics · See more »

The Maurya Empire, also known as the Mauryan Empire, was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power in ancient India, ruled by the Maurya dynasty from 322–185 BCE.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Maurya Empire · See more »

The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie) is a research institute based in Leipzig, Germany, founded in 1997.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology · See more »

The Maya Rata, also known as the Kingdom of Dakkinadesa, was a medieval era Sinhalese kingdom located in Western part of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Maya Rata · See more »

In many countries, a mayor (or, from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or town.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mayor · See more »

McGraw Hill Financial, Inc. is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.

New!!: Sri Lanka and McGraw Hill Financial · See more »

A melodrama is a dramatic or literary work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Melodrama · See more »

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Member of parliament · See more »

In archaeology, mesolithic (Greek: mesos "middle", lithos "stone") is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mesolithic · See more »

Mesua ferrea (Ceylon ironwood, Indian rose chestnut, or Cobra's saffron), is a species in the family Calophyllaceae.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mesua ferrea · See more »

The mica group of sheet silicate (phyllosilicate) minerals includes several closely related materials having nearly perfect basal cleavage.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mica · See more »

Philip Michael Ondaatje, OC (born 12 September 1943), is a Sri Lankan-born Canadian novelist and poet.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Michael Ondaatje · See more »

The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Middle East · See more »

Mihintale is a mountain peak near Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mihintale · See more »

A minister is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Minister (government) · See more »

The Ministry of Defence is the Sri Lankan government ministry responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) · See more »

The Ministry Of Education (also known as the Education Ministry) is a ministry of the Government of Sri Lanka that directs the formulation and implementation of policies related to primary and secondary education in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ministry of Education (Sri Lanka) · See more »

The Ministry of Ports and Aviation is Sri Lanka's organization responsible for the development and operation of the country's shipping, port and aviation activities.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ministry of Ports and Aviation (Sri Lanka) · See more »

Minneriya tank is an artificial lake in Sri Lanka made by an old civilisation; the Anuradhapura Kingdom.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Minneriya tank · See more »

Christian mission is "an organized effort for the propagation of the Christian faith." Missions often involve sending individuals and groups, called "missionaries," across boundaries, most commonly geographical boundaries, for the purpose of proselytism (conversion to Christianity, or from one Christian tradition to another).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mission (Christianity) · See more »

A monarch is the sovereign head of state in a monarchy.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Monarch · See more »

A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Monarchy · See more »

Mongabay.com is a web site that publishes news on environmental science, energy, and green design, and features extensive information on tropical rainforests, including pictures and deforestation statistics for countries of the world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mongabay · See more »

Monsoon (UK:; US) is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Monsoon · See more »

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mortality rate · See more »

Ikhtiyar ad-Din Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, also known as Malik Ghazi Ikhtiyar 'l-Din Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji or Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji (died 1206) was a TurkicThe Turkic Khilji must not be confused with the Pastun Ghalzi tribe.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji · See more »

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Mumbai · See more »

A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Music genre · See more »

A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Muslim · See more »

Muttiah Muralitharan (also spelt Muralidaran; born 1972) is a Sri Lankan cricketer who was rated the greatest Test match bowler ever by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack in 2002.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Muttiah Muralitharan · See more »

Myanmar (or (also with the stress on first syllable)), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Myanmar · See more »

The Naga people (Nākar) appear until the third century BCE as a distinct group in the early Sri Lankan chronicles as well as early Tamil literary works.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Naga people (Lanka) · See more »

Nalanda was an acclaimed Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha (modern-day Bihar) in India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Nalanda · See more »

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire led by Emperor Napoleon I against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Napoleonic Wars · See more »

National Museum of Colombo, also known as the Sri Lanka National Museum is one of two museums in Colombo.

New!!: Sri Lanka and National Museum of Colombo · See more »

The National Railway or National Air Line Railroad was a planned railroad between New York City and Washington, D.C. in the United States around 1870.

New!!: Sri Lanka and National Railway · See more »

A National school (ජාතික පාසල, Jathika Pasala, தேசியப் பாடசாலை) in Sri Lanka is a school that is funded and administered by the Ministry of Education of the central government as opposed to Provincial schools run by the local provincial council.

New!!: Sri Lanka and National school (Sri Lanka) · See more »

A national sport or national pastime is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation.

New!!: Sri Lanka and National sport · See more »

The National symbols of Sri Lanka are the symbols that represent the country and its people within Sri Lanka and abroad as well as the traditions, culture, history and geography.

New!!: Sri Lanka and National symbols of Sri Lanka · See more »

The National University of Malaysia (abbreviation: NUM; Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia; abbreviated UKM is a public university located in Bangi, Selangor which is about 35 km south of Kuala Lumpur. Its teaching hospital, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM) is located in Cheras and also has a branch campus in Kuala Lumpur. There are 17,500 undergraduate students enrolled, and 5,105 postgraduate students of which 1368 are foreign students from 35 countries. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia is one of five research universities in the country. It was ranked number 259th in the world by QS World University Rankings in 2014. It is ranked 98th place in the 100 best new universities established within the last 50 years in the world. It is the only university from Malaysia that made it in the 2012 Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) Top 50 Universities Under 50 Years Old list ranked in the 31st place. It placed 53rd and 58th in the QS Top 500 Asian University Rankings in 2011 and 2012 respectively.

New!!: Sri Lanka and National University of Malaysia · See more »

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds plus water.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Natural rubber · See more »

A nautical mile (symbol M, NM or nmi) is a unit of distance that is approximately the length that spans one minute of arc on the surface of the Earth, measured along any meridian.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Nautical mile · See more »

Navanethem "Navi" Pillay (born 23 September 1941) is a South African jurist who served as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2008 to 2014.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Navi Pillay · See more »

The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Netherlands · See more »

New Delhi is a district in Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and New Delhi · See more »

New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States.

New!!: Sri Lanka and New Jersey · See more »

New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.

New!!: Sri Lanka and New York · See more »

Nidhanaya (The Treasure) is a 1972 Sinhalese language film directed by Lester James Peries, starring Gamini Fonseka and Malini Fonseka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Nidhanaya · See more »

The 19th Amendment (19A) to the Constitution of Sri Lanka was passed by the 225-member Sri Lankan Parliament with 215 voting in favor, one against, one abstained and seven were absent, on 28 April 2015.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka · See more »

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states which are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Non-Aligned Movement · See more »

Norman Myers (born 24 August 1934) is a British environmentalist specialising in biodiversity and noted for his work on environmental refugees.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Norman Myers · See more »

North Central Province (උතුරු මැද පළාත Uturumeda Palata, வட மத்திய மாகாணம் Wada Maththiya Maakaanam) is a province of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and North Central Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

The North Eastern Province was one of the provinces of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and North Eastern Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

North Western Province (වයඹ පළාත Wayamba Palata, வட மேல் மாகாணம் Vada Mael Maakaanam) is a province of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and North Western Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

The Northern Province (வட மாகாணம் Vaṭakku Mākāṇam; උතුරු පළාත Uturu Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Northern Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

Nova Science Publishers is an academic publisher of books, encyclopedias, handbooks, e-books and journals, based in Hauppauge, New York.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Nova Science Publishers · See more »

Nutmeg (also known as pala in Indonesia) is one of the two spices – the other being mace – derived from several species of tree in the genus Myristica.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Nutmeg · See more »

Odisha (or Orissa)(odia:ଓଡ଼ିଶା) is one of the 29 states of India, located in the east of India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Odisha · See more »

Off spin Spin bowling in the sport of cricket which is bowled by an off spinner, a right-handed spin bowler who uses his or her fingers to spin the ball from a right-handed batsman's off side to the leg side (that is, towards the right-handed batsman, or away from a left-handed batsman).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Off spin · See more »

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights · See more »

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Official language · See more »

"One man, one vote" (or "one person, one vote") is a name that has been used in many parts of the world where campaigns have arisen for universal suffrage.

New!!: Sri Lanka and One man, one vote · See more »

Oral literature or folk literature corresponds in the sphere of the spoken (oral) word to literature as literature operates in the domain of the written word.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Oral literature · See more »

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka – island country in the northern Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Outline of Sri Lanka · See more »

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Oxford University Press · See more »

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pakistan · See more »

The Paleolithic (American spelling; British spelling: Palaeolithic; pronunciation: or) Age, Era or Period is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered (Grahame Clark's Modes I and II), and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Paleolithic · See more »

Pali is a Prakrit language native to the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pali · See more »

The Palk Strait (பாக்கு சலசந்தி / பாக்கு நீரிணை) is a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Palk Strait · See more »

The Pallava dynasty existed between the 3rd and 9th centuries CE, ruling a portion of what is today southern India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pallava dynasty · See more »

Palm-leaf manuscripts are manuscripts made out of dried palm leaves.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Palm-leaf manuscript · See more »

Pandukabhaya (437 BC – 367 BC) was King of Upatissa Nuwara and the first monarch of the Anuradhapura Kingdom and 6th over all of the island of Sri Lanka since the arrival of the Vijaya, he reigned from 437 BC to 367 BC.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pandukabhaya of Anuradhapura · See more »

The Pandyan or Pandiyan or Pandian dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola and the Chera.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pandyan dynasty · See more »

The Panic of 1847 was a minor British banking crisis associated with the end of the 1840s railway industry boom and the failure of many non-banks.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Panic of 1847 · See more »

Parakrama Samudra (or Parakrama's sea or the Sea of King Parakrama) is a shallow reservoir, consisting of three separate reservoirs connected by narrow channels in Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Parakrama Samudra · See more »

Parākramabāhu I (Pali Mahā Parākaramabāhu 1123–1186) was king of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa from 1153-86.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Parakramabahu I · See more »

Parâkramabâhu VI (1410/1412/1415–1467) was a king in the Sri Lankan kingdom of Kotte.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Parakramabahu VI of Kotte · See more »

The Parliament of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව Sri Lanka Parlimenthuwa) is the 225-member unicameral legislature of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Parliament of Sri Lanka · See more »

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Parliamentary system · See more »

Parsi (or Parsee) is one of two Zoroastrian communities (the other being Iranis) which are primarily located in India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Parsi · See more »

Parsi theatre is a generic term for an influential theatre tradition, staged by Parsis, and theatre companies largely-owned by Parsi-business community, which flourished between 1850 and 1930s.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Parsi theatre · See more »

The Pāli Canon (Pali: Tipitaka) is the standard collection of scriptures in the Theravadan Buddhist tradition, as preserved in the Pāli language.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pāli Canon · See more »

Peacekeeping refers to activities that tend to create conditions that favor lasting peace.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Peacekeeping · See more »

Peafowl include two Asiatic species (the blue or Indian peafowl originally of India and Sri Lanka and the green peafowl of Burma, Indochina, and Java) and one African species (the Congo peafowl native only to the Congo Basin) of bird in the genera Pavo and Afropavo of the Phasianidae family, the pheasants and their allies, known for the male's piercing call and, among the Asiatic species, his extravagant eye-spotted tail covert feathers which he displays as part of a courtship ritual.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Peafowl · See more »

Pelicans are a genus of large water birds that makes up the family Pelecanidae.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pelican · See more »

Per capita income or average income is the measure of the amount of money that is being earned by person in a certain area, such as a city, region, or country, which is calculated by dividing the total income of a the area by its total population.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Per capita income · See more »

Peradeniya (Sinhala:පේරාදෙණිය IAST pēradeniya) is a suburb of the city of Kandy, about 50,000 inhabitants in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Peradeniya · See more »

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi or Parsi (English:; Persian: فارسی), is the predominant modern descendant of Old Persian, a southwestern Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Persian language · See more »

The Persian people (Persian: پارسیان) are an Iranian people who speak the modern Persian language and closely related Iranian dialects and languages.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Persian people · See more »

Petroleum (L. petroleum, from early 15c. "petroleum, rock oil" (mid-14c. in Anglo-French), from Medieval Latin petroleum, from petra: "rock" + ''oleum'': "oil".) is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Petroleum · See more »

The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank based in Washington, D.C., that provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pew Research Center · See more »

Pidurutalagala (පිදුරුතලාගල, pronounced, Straw Plateau Rock), or Mount Pedro in English, is an ultra prominent peak, and the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka, at.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pidurutalagala · See more »

A pirivena (plural: piriven) is a monastic college (similar to a seminary) for the education of Buddhist priests in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pirivena · See more »

A plantation economy is an economy based on agricultural mass production, usually of a few commodity crops grown on large farms called plantations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Plantation economy · See more »

Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory that describes the large-scale motion of Earth's lithosphere.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Plate tectonics · See more »

The policy of standardization was a policy implemented by the Sri Lankan government in 1971 to rectify disparities created in university enrollment in Sri Lanka under Colonial rule.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Policy of standardisation · See more »

Poḷonnaruwa (Sinhalese Poḷonnaruwa or Puḷattipura, Tamil Polaṉṉaṟuvai or Puḷatti nakaram) is the main town of Polonnaruwa District in North Central Province, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Polonnaruwa · See more »

Sir Ponnambalam Arunachchalam (September 14, 1853 – January 9, 1924) was a Ceylonese statesman, who served as a member of the Executive Council and the Legislative Council.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ponnambalam Arunachalam · See more »

A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Population · See more »

Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that protect against predators.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Porcupine · See more »

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Portugal · See more »

The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português), was the first global empire in history.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Portuguese Empire · See more »

Portuguese creoles are creole languages which have Portuguese as the lexifier language.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Portuguese-based creole languages · See more »

Precious coral or red coral is the common name given to Corallium rubrum and several related species of marine coral.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Precious coral · See more »

The President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකා ජනාධිපති; இலங்கை சனாதிபதி) is the elected head of state and head of government of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and President of Sri Lanka · See more »

A presidential system is a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Presidential system · See more »

The Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organization's assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Press Freedom Index · See more »

The Prime Minister of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකා අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය; இலங்கை பிரதமர்) is a member of the Cabinet of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Prime Minister of Sri Lanka · See more »

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Princeton University · See more »

The Principality of Ruhuna also referred to as the Kingdom of Ruhuna is a region of present-day Southern and Eastern Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Principality of Ruhuna · See more »

A privately held company or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Privately held company · See more »

Privatization, also spelled privatisation, may have several meanings.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Privatization · See more »

Progressivism is a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Progressivism · See more »

Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Proportional representation · See more »

Proscription (proscriptio) is, in current usage, a "decree of condemnation to death or banishment" (OED) and can be used in a political context to refer to state-approved murder or banishment.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Proscription · See more »

Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Protestantism · See more »

In Sri Lanka, provinces (පළාත, மாகாணம்) are the first level administrative division.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Provinces of Sri Lanka · See more »

A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Public university · See more »

Pune is the ninth-most populous city in India and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra after the state capital city of Mumbai.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Pune · See more »

Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Purchasing power parity · See more »

The purple-faced langur (Semnopithecus vetulus), also known as the purple-faced leaf monkey, is a species of Old World monkey that is endemic to Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Purple-faced langur · See more »

Puthandu (Tamil Puttāṇṭu), better known as Tamil New Year, is the celebration of the first day of the Tamil new year in mid-April by Tamils in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India, Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, and by Tamils in Malaysia, Singapore, Réunion and Mauritius.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Puthandu · See more »

Puttu (Malayalam: പുട്ട്), pronounced, (Tamil: புட்டு), (Sinhala පිට්ටු) is a South Indian and Tamil breakfast dish of steamed cylinders of ground rice layered with coconut.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Puttu · See more »

A Brief History.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Radio Ceylon · See more »

Rail Transport in Sri Lanka consists of a heavy-rail intercity network connecting major population centres and commuter rail serving Colombo commuter traffic.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rail transport in Sri Lanka · See more »

Raja Raja Chola I (also known as Raja Kesari Varman Raja Raja Devar and Peruvudaiyar), was one of the greatest emperors of India, who ruled between 985 and 1014 CE.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Raja Raja Chola I · See more »

Rajarata (Sinhala: රජරට) (Tamil: ரஜரட) was one of three historical regions of the island of Sri Lanka for about 1,700 years from the 6th century BCE to the early 13th century CE.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rajarata · See more »

Rajasimha II, also known as Rajasingha II (pre coronation, Prince Mahastana), was a Sinhalese King, reigned 1629 – 6 December 1687; third king of the kingdom of Kandy in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rajasinha II of Kandy · See more »

Rajendra Chola I was the son of Rajaraja Chola I and is considered one of the greatest rulers and military leaders of the Indian Tamil Chola Empire.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rajendra Chola I · See more »

Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also transliterated Ramazan, Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ramadan · See more »

The Ramayana (रामायणम्) is a Sanskrit epic poem ascribed to the Hindu sage and Sanskrit poet Valmiki.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ramayana · See more »

Ranil Shriyan Wickremesinghe, MP (රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ,ரணில் விக்ரமசிங்க; born 24 March 1949) is a Sri Lankan politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka since 9 January 2015, as Leader of the United National Party since 1994 and the Member of Parliament for Colombo District since 1977.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ranil Wickremesinghe · See more »

Ranmuthu Duwa (Island of Treasures) was the first colour full-length Sinhalese language film to be produced in Sri Lanka in 1962.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ranmuthu Duwa · See more »

Rarh region (রাঢ়, Rāṛh) is a toponym for an area in the Indian subcontinent that lies between the Chota Nagpur Plateau on the West and the Ganges Delta on the East.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rarh region · See more »

Ratnapura ("City of Gems" in Sinhala and Tamil) is a major city in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ratnapura · See more »

Rāvaṇa is the primary antagonist in the Hindu epic Ramayana, where he is depicted as the king of Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ravana · See more »

The red-faced malkoha (Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus) is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Red-faced malkoha · See more »

A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Referendum · See more »

Rekava (Sinhalese language word means "Line of Destiny") is a 1956 film based on village life and their mythical beliefs in Sri Lanka (then Ceylon).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rekava · See more »

The Sacred Relic of the tooth of Buddha (Pali danta dhātuya) is venerated in Sri Lanka as a cetiya "relic" of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Relic of the tooth of the Buddha · See more »

Religious texts, also known as scripture, scriptures, holy writ, or holy books, are the texts which various religious traditions consider to be sacred, or central to their religious tradition.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Religious text · See more »

Repatriation is the process of returning a person to their place of origin or citizenship.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Repatriation · See more »

The Report of the Secretary-General's Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka was a 2011 report produced by a panel of experts appointed by United Nations Secretary-General (UNSG) Ban Ki-moon to advise him on the issue of accountability with regard to any alleged violations of international human rights and humanitarian law during the final stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Report of the Secretary-General's Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka · See more »

A republic (from res publica) is a form of government or country in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Republic · See more »

A reservoir (etymology: from French réservoir a "storehouse") is an enlarged natural or artificial lake, storage pond, or impoundment created using a dam or lock to store water.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Reservoir · See more »

Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in Canary Wharf, London, England, United Kingdom and a division of Thomson Reuters.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Reuters · See more »

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rice · See more »

Rienzi Crusz (born 17 October 1925) is a Canadian poet born in Galle, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rienzi Crusz · See more »

The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic, unless otherwise directed, to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Right- and left-hand traffic · See more »

Right-wing politics are political positions or activities that view some forms of social stratification or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable,J.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Right-wing politics · See more »

The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद, from "praise, shine" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rigveda · See more »

General Sir Robert Brownrigg, 1st Baronet GCB (1759 – 27 April 1833) was a British statesman and soldier.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Robert Brownrigg · See more »

In geology, rock is a naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rock (geology) · See more »

Rohan Gunaratna (born 1961) is an international terrorism expert.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rohan Gunaratna · See more »

Patabendi Don Nandasiri Wijeweera (පටබැඳි දොන් නන්දසිරි විජෙවීර; 14 July 1943 – 13 November 1989) known as Rohana Wijeweera, was a Sri Lankan Marxist politician, rebel and the founding leader of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rohana Wijeweera · See more »

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Roman Empire · See more »

Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including Roman Military Jurisdiction and the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the 12 Tables (c. 449 BC), to the Corpus Juris Civilis (AD 529) ordered by Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I. The historical importance of Roman defication is reflected by the continued use of Latin legal terminology in legal systems influenced by it.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Roman law · See more »

Roti is an Indian Subcontinent flat bread, made from stoneground wholemeal flour, traditionally known as atta flour, that originated and is consumed in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Roti · See more »

Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Routledge · See more »

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's principal naval warfare force.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Royal Navy · See more »

Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rugby union · See more »

The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Rule of law · See more »

The ruling party or governing party in a democratic parliamentary system is the incumbent political party or coalition of the majority in parliament, that administers the affairs of state.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ruling party · See more »

Russell Alan Mittermeier (born November 8, 1949) is a primatologist and herpetologist.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Russell Mittermeier · See more »

Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Russia · See more »

The Ruwanwelisaya is a stupa in Sri Lanka, considered a marvel for its architectural qualities and sacred to many Buddhists all over the world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Ruwanwelisaya · See more »

Samuel James Veluppillai Chelvanayakam (also spelt Chelvanayagam, சாமுவேல் ஜேம்ஸ் வேலுப்பிள்ளை செல்வநாயகம்; March 31, 1898 – April 26, 1977) was a Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, politician and Member of Parliament.

New!!: Sri Lanka and S. J. V. Chelvanayakam · See more »

Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (සොලමන් වෙස්ට් රිජ්වේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක,சாலமன் வெஸ்ட் ரிட்ஜ்வே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கா; 8 January 1899 – 26 September 1959) frequently referred to as S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, was the fourth Prime Minister of Ceylon (later Sri Lanka) and founder of the left wing and Sinhala nationalist Sri Lanka Freedom Party, serving as Prime Minister from 1956 until his assassination by a Buddhist robe wearer in 1959.

New!!: Sri Lanka and S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike · See more »

The Sabaragamuwa Province, (සබරගමුව පළාත Sabaragamuwa Palata, சபரகமுவ மாகாணம் Sabaragamuwa Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sabaragamuwa Province · See more »

Saṅghamittā (Saṅghamitrā in Sanskrit) was the grand daughter of Emperor Bindusara and daughter of Emperor Ashoka and his wife, Vidisha Devi.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sangamitta · See more »

Sangha (Pali: सङ्घ saṅgha; Sanskrit: संघ saṃgha;; Tibetan: དགེ་འདུན་ dge 'dun) is a word in Pali and Sanskrit meaning "association", "assembly," "company" or "community" and most commonly refers in Buddhism to the monastic community of ordained Buddhist monks or nuns.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sangha · See more »

Sanni yakuma, sometimes known as Daha ata sanniya is a traditional Sinhalese exorcism ritual.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sanni Yakuma · See more »

Satyagraha (सत्याग्रह satyāgraha), loosely translated as "insistence on truth" (satya "truth"; agraha "insistence" or "holding firmly to") or holding onto truth or truth force, is a particular philosophy and practice within the broader overall category generally known as nonviolent resistance or civil resistance.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Satyagraha · See more »

Schools of Buddhism refers to the various institutional and doctrinal divisions of Buddhism that have existed from ancient times up to the present.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Schools of Buddhism · See more »

Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving in which a diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) to breathe underwater.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Scuba diving · See more »

Sea level is generally used to refer to mean sea level (MSL), an average level for the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sea level · See more »

Seagrasses are flowering plants (Division Angiospermae) belonging to four plant families (Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae, or Cymodoceaceae), all in the order Alismatales (in the class of monocotyledons), which grow in marine, fully saline environments.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Seagrass · See more »

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Secretary-General of the United Nations · See more »

Semi-presidentialism is a system of government in which a president exists along with a prime minister and a Cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Semi-presidential system · See more »

Sena and Guttika were two Tamil chiefs from South India who invaded the kingdom of Anuradhapura and killed King Suratissa.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sena and Guttika · See more »

Serendipity means a "fortunate happenstance" or "pleasant surprise".

New!!: Sri Lanka and Serendipity · See more »

The Shafi'i (شافعي) madhhab is one of the four schools of Islamic law in Sunni Islam.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Shafi'i · See more »

Sharia or sharia law (شريعة, is the Islamic legal system derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. The term sharia comes from the Arabic language term sharīʿah, which means a body of moral and religious law derived from religious prophecy, as opposed to human legislation. Sharia deals with many topics, including crime, politics, and economics, as well as personal matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, everyday etiquette and fasting. Adherence to sharia has served as one of the distinguishing characteristics of the Muslim faith historically. In its strictest and most historically coherent definition, sharia is considered in Islam as the infallible law of God.Coulson, N. J. (2011), A history of Islamic law, Aldine, ISBN 978-1412818551 There are two primary sources of sharia: the Quran, and the Hadiths (opinions and life example of Muhammad).Esposito, John (2001), Women in Muslim family law, Syracuse University Press, ISBN 978-0815629085 For topics and issues not directly addressed in these primary sources, sharia is derived. The derivation differs between the various sects of Islam (Sunni and Shia), and various jurisprudence schools such as Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali and Jafari. The sharia in these schools is derived hierarchically using one or more of the following guidelines: Ijma (usually the consensus of Muhammad's companions), Qiyas (analogy derived from the primary sources), Istihsan (ruling that serves the interest of Islam in the discretion of Islamic jurists) and Urf (customs). Sharia is a significant source of legislation in various Muslim countries. Some apply all or a majority of the sharia code, and these include Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Brunei, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Yemen and Mauritania. In these countries, sharia prescribed punishments such as beheading, flogging and stoning continue to be practiced judicially or extra-judicially. The introduction of sharia is a longstanding goal for Islamist movements globally, including in Western countries, but attempts to impose sharia have been accompanied by controversy, violence, and even warfare. Most countries do not recognize sharia; however, some countries in Asia, Africa and Europe recognize parts of sharia and accept it as the law on divorce, inheritance and other personal affairs of their Islamic population. In Britain, the Muslim Arbitration Tribunal makes use of sharia family law to settle disputes, and this limited adoption of sharia is controversial. The concept of crime, judicial process, justice and punishment embodied in sharia is different from that of secular law. The differences between sharia and secular laws have led to an ongoing controversy as to whether sharia is compatible with secular forms of government, human rights, freedom of thought, and women's rights.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sharia · See more »

Sigiriya (Lion Rock සීගිරිය, சிகிரியா, pronounced see-gi-ri-yə) is an ancient palace located in the central Matale District near the town of Dambulla in the Central Province, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sigiriya · See more »

Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is a chemical compound that is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Silicon dioxide · See more »

The Silk Road or Silk Route is an ancient network of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East by merchants, pilgrims, monks, soldiers, nomads, and urban dwellers from China and India to the Mediterranean Sea during various periods of time.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Silk Road · See more »

The Sinhala Kingdom or Sinhalese Kingdom refers to the one and or all of the successive Sinhalese kingdoms that existed in what is today Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sinhala Kingdom · See more »

The Sinhala Only Act, formally the Official Language Act No.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sinhala Only Act · See more »

Sinhalese, known natively as Sinhala (සිංහල), is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 16 million.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sinhalese language · See more »

Sinhalese New Year, generally known as Aluth Avurudda (අලුත් අවුරුද්ද) in Sri Lanka, is the new year of the Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sinhalese New Year · See more »

The Sinhalese (Sinhala: සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya) are an ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sinhalese people · See more »

Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a national park and a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sinharaja Forest Reserve · See more »

The Sirima–Gandhi Pact or Srimavo-Gandhi Pact was an agreement that was signed between Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, and Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India, on 28 June 1974.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sirima–Gandhi Pact · See more »

The Sirima–Shastri Pact or Srimavo-Shastri Pact (also known as the Indo-Ceylon Agreement and Bandaranaike-Shastri Pact) was an agreement that was signed between Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, and Lal Bahadur Shastri, the Prime Minister of India, on 30 October 1964.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sirima–Shastri Pact · See more »

Sirima Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike (සිරිමා රත්වත්තේ ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක, சிறிமா ரத்வத்தே டயஸ் பண்டாரநாயக்கே; 17 April 1916 – 10 October 2000), commonly known as Sirimavo Bandaranaike (the suffix "vo" denotes respect), was a Sri Lankan politician and the modern world's first female head of government.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sirimavo Bandaranaike · See more »

The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), also known as the Stickney bear or labiated bear, is a nocturnal insectivorous bear species found wild within the Indian Subcontinent.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sloth bear · See more »

Social class (or simply "class"), as in a class society, is a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle, and lower classes.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Social class · See more »

Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership and/or social control of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims at the establishment of such a system.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Socialism · See more »

Solomon (ISO 259-3 Šlomo; ܫܠܝܡܘܢ Shlemun; سُليمان, also colloquially: or; Σολομών Solomōn), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew), was, according to the Bible (Book of Kings: 1 Kings 1–11; Book of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles 28–29, 2 Chronicles 1–9), Qur'an, and Hidden Words a king of Israel and the son of David.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Solomon · See more »

The Soulbury Commission, announced in 1944 was, like its predecessor, the Donoughmore Commission, a prime instrument of constitutional reform in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Soulbury Commission · See more »

South Asia or Southern Asia is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

New!!: Sri Lanka and South Asia · See more »

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and geopolitical organisation of eight countries that are primarily located in South Asia or the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Sri Lanka and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation · See more »

South India (ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಭಾರತ, തെക്കെ ഭാരതം, தெற்கு பாரதம், దక్షిణ భారతం) is the area encompassing India's states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, occupying 19.31% of India's area. South India includes the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau and is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, the Indian Ocean in the south and the Bay of Bengal in the east. The geography of the region is diverse, encompassing two mountain ranges, the Western and Eastern Ghats, and a plateau heartland. The Godavari, Krishna, Tungabhadra, Kaveri, and Vaigai rivers are important non-perennial sources of water. Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Coimbatore, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram are the largest and most industrialized cities in the region. A majority of Indians from the southern region speak one of the following languages: Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, and Tulu. During its history, a number of dynastic kingdoms ruled over parts of South India whose invasions across southern and southeastern Asia impacted the history and cultures of modern sovereign states such as Sri Lanka, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia. The region was colonized by Britain and gradually incorporated into the British Empire. South India, particularly Kerala, has been a major entry point of the religions of Christianity and later Islam to the Indian Subcontinent. After experiencing fluctuations in the decades immediately after Indian independence, the economies of South Indian states have registered higher than national average growth over the past three decades. While South Indian states have improved in some socio-economic metrics, poverty continues to affect the region much like the rest of the country, although it has considerably decreased over the years. HDI in southern states is high and the economy has undergone growth at a faster rate than most northern states. Literacy rates in southern states is also very high, with approximately 80% of the population capable of reading and writing, while in Kerala (which has the highest literacy rate in India) 94% of the population are literate. Honour killings are non-existent in South India. Violence against women in South India is relatively low, with southern states having a progressive attitude toward the rights for women. Agriculture is the single largest contributor to the regional net domestic product, while Information technology is a rapidly growing industry. Literary and architectural styles, evolved over two thousand years, differ from other parts of the country. Politics in South India is dominated by smaller regional political parties rather than by national political parties. South India ranks the highest in terms of social and economic development in areas such as fertility rate and infrastructure; the fertility rate of South India is 1.9, the lowest of all regions in India.

New!!: Sri Lanka and South India · See more »

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia · See more »

The Southern Province (දකුණු පළාත Dakunu Palata, தென் மாகாணம் Thaen Maakaanam) of Sri Lanka is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Southern Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Soviet Union · See more »

The Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka is the presiding officer of the chamber.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka · See more »

The Special Task Force (STF) (Sinhala: Tamil) is an elite special forces unit of the Sri Lanka Police Service specializing in counter-terrorism (CT) and counter-insurgency operations.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Special Task Force · See more »

A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, berry, bud or vegetable substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Spice · See more »

Spoonbills are a group of large, long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae, which also includes the ibises.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Spoonbill · See more »

The sport of athletics is an exclusive collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sport of athletics · See more »

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte or Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (also known as Kotte) is a large suburb of Colombo city and the official capital of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte · See more »

The Sri Lanka Air Force (SLAF) (ශ්‍රි ලංකා ගුවන් හමුදාව Sri Lanka Guwan Hamudawa) is the air arm and the youngest of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Air Force · See more »

The Sri Lanka Armed Forces is the overall unified military of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka encompassing the Sri Lanka Army, the Sri Lanka Navy, and the Sri Lanka Air Force; they are governed by the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Armed Forces · See more »

The Sri Lanka Army is the oldest and largest of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and is the nation's army.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Army · See more »

The Sri Lanka blue magpie or Ceylon magpie (Urocissa ornata) is a member of the crow family living in the hill forests of Sri Lanka, where it is endemic.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka blue magpie · See more »

The Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC) (ශ්‍රී ලංකා ගුවන් විදුලි සංස්ථාච, Shrī Lankā Guvan Viduli Sansthāva, இலங்கை ஒலிபரப்புக் கூட்டுத்தாபனம், Ilangkai Oliparappuk Kūṭṭuttāpaṉam) came into existence on January 5, 1967 when Radio Ceylon became a public corporation.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation · See more »

The Sri Lanka Civil Security Force (also known as the Civil Defence Force, originally the National Home Guard Service) is a paramilitary force which is tasked as an auxiliary to the Sri Lanka Police.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Civil Security Force · See more »

The Sri Lankan Coast Guard, officially the Department of Coast Guard, is a Sri Lankan non-ministerial government department tasked with Coast guard duties within the territorial waters of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Coast Guard · See more »

The Sri Lanka Freedom Party (ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂය Sri Lanka Nidahas Pakshaya, இலங்கை சுதந்திரக் கட்சி) is one of the major political parties in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Freedom Party · See more »

The Sri Lankan Kaffirs (cafrinhas in Portuguese, කාපිරි kāpiriyō in Sinhala, and காப்பிலி kāpili in Tamil) are an ethnic group in Sri Lanka who are partially descended from 16th century Portuguese traders and Bantu slaves who were brought by them to work as labourers and soldiers to fight against the Sinhala Kings.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Kaffirs · See more »

Mother Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකා ජාතික ගීය Sri Lanka Matha; ஸ்ரீ லங்கா தாயே Sri Laṅkā Tāyē) is the national anthem of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Matha · See more »

The Sri Lanka Muslim Congress is a political party in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Muslim Congress · See more »

The Sri Lankan cricket team, nicknamed The Lions, is the national cricket team of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka national cricket team · See more »

The Sri Lankan Navy is the navy of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and is classed as the most vital defence force of Sri Lanka due to the country's island geography.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Navy · See more »

Sri Lanka Railway Department, branded "Sri Lanka Railways" (SLR), is Sri Lanka's railway owner and primary operator.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Railways · See more »

Sri Lanka Standard Time (SLST) is the time zone for Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Standard Time · See more »

No description.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Civil War · See more »

Sri Lankan Creole Malay (also known as Sri Lankan Malay and Bahasa Melayu) is an Austronesian creole language formed through a mixture of Sinhala and Tamil with Malay.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Creole Malay · See more »

Malays of Sri Lanka (also known in Sinhalese language as Ja Minissu meaning Javanese) originated in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Malays · See more »

Sri Lankan Moors (Tamil: இலங்கைச் சோனகர் colloquially referred to as Muslims) are a community in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.23% of the country's total population.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Moors · See more »

The rupee (Sinhala: රුපියල්, Tamil: ரூபாய்) (signs: රු, Rs; code: LKR) is the currency of Sri Lanka, divided into 100 cents.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan rupee · See more »

Sri Lankan state-sponsored colonization schemes refers to the government program of settling mostly Sinhalese farmers from the densely populated wet zone in the sparsely populated areas of the dry zone in the North Central Province and the Eastern Province regions near tanks and reservoirs being built in major irrigation and hydro-power programs such as the Mahaweli project to create farming and fishing communities.Since irrigation settlements in the North Central and Eastern Provinces occurred under direct state sponsorship, it appeared to many Tamils as a deliberate attempt of the Sinhalese-dominated state to marginalize them further by decreasing their numbers in the area.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan state-sponsored colonisation schemes · See more »

Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism is the conviction of the Sri Lankan Tamil people, a minority ethnic group in the South Asian island country of Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon), that they have the right to constitute an independent or autonomous political community.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism · See more »

Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Tamils · See more »

Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha (reigned 1782–1798) was a member of the Madurai royal family and succeeded his brother, Kirti Sri Rajasinha as King of Kandy in 1782.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha of Kandy · See more »

Vijaya Rajasinha (reigned 1739–1747) was a member of the Madurai Nayak Dynasty and succeeded his brother-in-law Vira Narendra Sinha as the King of Kandy.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Vijaya Rajasinha of Kandy · See more »

Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (1780 - January 30, 1832, born Kannasamy Nayaka) was the last of four Kings, to rule the last Sinhalese monarchy of the Kingdom of Kandy in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy · See more »

SriLankan Airlines (marketed as SriLankan ශ්‍රී ලංකා ගුවන් සේවය; இலங்கை விமான சேவை) is the flag carrier of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and SriLankan Airlines · See more »

The State Council of Ceylon was the unicameral legislature for Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), established in 1931 by the Donoughmore Constitution.

New!!: Sri Lanka and State Council of Ceylon · See more »

A stele (plural steles or stelai, from Greek: στήλη, stēlē) or stela (plural stelas or stelæ, from Latin) is a stone or wooden slab, generally taller than it is wide, erected as a monument, very often for funerary or commemorative purposes.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Stele · See more »

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long, stout bills.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Stork · See more »

A stupa (Sanskrit: m.,stūpa "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing śarīra "relics", typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns, used as a place of meditation.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Stupa · See more »

Sunni Islam is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Sunni Islam · See more »

A supermajority or a qualified majority is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified greater level of support than a more than 50% simple majority.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Supermajority · See more »

The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය) is the highest court of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Supreme Court of Sri Lanka · See more »

Suratissa was an early monarch of Sri Lanka of the Kingdom of Anuradhapura, based at the ancient capital of Anuradhapura from 247 BC to 237 BC.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Suratissa of Anuradhapura · See more »

Susanthika Jayasinghe (සුසන්තිකා ජයසිංහ; Tamil: சுசந்திகா ஜயசிங்ஹ) (born December 17, 1975) is a Sri Lankan sprint athlete specializing in the 100 and 200 metres.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Susanthika Jayasinghe · See more »

Tamil Eelam (தமிழீழம் tamiḻ īḻam, generally rendered outside Tamil-speaking areas as தமிழ் ஈழம்) is a proposed independent state that Tamils in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora aspire to create in the north and east of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tamil Eelam · See more »

Tamil also spelt Thamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tamil language · See more »

The Tamil National Alliance (தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு ISO 15919: tamiḻt tēciyakkūṭṭamaippu; TNA) is a political alliance in Sri Lanka that represents the country's Sri Lankan Tamil minority.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tamil National Alliance · See more »

The Tamil United Liberation Front (தமிழர் ஐக்கிய விடுதலை முன்னணி, ද්රවිඩ එක්සත් විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ) is a political party in Sri Lanka which seeks independence for the Tamil-populated areas of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tamil United Liberation Front · See more »

The Tamils, also known as the Tamilans, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and native to Indian State of Tamil Nadu, Union territory of Puducherry, Northern and Eastern Province of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tamils · See more »

Taprobana (Ταπροβανᾶ) or Taprobane (Ταπροβανῆ) was the historical name for an island in the Indian Ocean.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Taprobana · See more »

Taraki Sivaram or Dharmeratnam Sivaram (11 August 1959 – 28 April 2005) was a popular Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Taraki Sivaram · See more »

Tarshish, also spelled Tharsis, (תַּרְשִׁישׁ) occurs in the Hebrew Bible with several uncertain meanings, most frequently as a place, probably a city or country, far across the sea from the Land of Israel, which does trade with Israel and Phoenicia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tarshish · See more »

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub native to Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tea · See more »

Tea production is one of the main sources of foreign exchange for Sri Lanka (formerly called Ceylon), and accounts for 2% of GDP, contributing US $1,527 million in 2013 to the economy of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tea production in Sri Lanka · See more »

Teak is a tropical hardwood species of tree known as Tectona grandis.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Teak · See more »

Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between two or more entities (communication) includes the use of technology.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Telecommunication · See more »

No description.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Telephone numbers in Sri Lanka · See more »

Telugu (తెలుగు telugu) is a Dravidian language and is the only language other than Hindi, English and Bengali that is predominantly spoken in more than one Indian state, being the primary language in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, as well as in the town of Yanam where it is also an official language.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Telugu language · See more »

In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Temperate climate · See more »

Sri Dalada Maligawa or the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a Buddhist temple in the city of Kandy, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Temple of the Tooth · See more »

Tennis is a racquet sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tennis · See more »

Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Test cricket · See more »

A textile or cloth is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Textile · See more »

Thai Pongal (Tamil: தைப்பொங்கல்) is a Tamil harvest festival.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Thai Pongal · See more »

Thailand (or; ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย), formerly known as Siam (สยาม), is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Thailand · See more »

The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

New!!: Sri Lanka and The Guardian · See more »

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

New!!: Sri Lanka and The New York Times · See more »

Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Theatre · See more »

Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the teaching of the Pāli Canon, a collection of the oldest recorded Buddhist texts, as its doctrinal core, but also includes a rich diversity of traditions and practices that have developed over its long history of interactions with various cultures and communities.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Theravada · See more »

Thesavalamai is the traditional law of the Sri Lankan Tamil inhabitants Jaffna peninsula, codified by the Dutch during their colonial rule in 1707.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Thesavalamai · See more »

Thorium is a chemical element with symbol Th and atomic number 90.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Thorium · See more »

Tissa Vitharana (born 30 August 1934) is a Sri Lankan professor and politician, current Cabinet Minister of Technology and Research and a member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tissa Vitharana · See more »

Tourism is travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tourism · See more »

The Treaty of Amiens temporarily ended hostilities between the French Republic and Great Britain during the French Revolutionary Wars.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Treaty of Amiens · See more »

, or commonly known as the Treaty of Peace with Japan, Peace Treaty of San Francisco, or San Francisco Peace Treaty), mostly between Japan and the Allied Powers, was officially signed by 48 nations on September 8, 1951, at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, California, United States. It came into force on April 28, 1952. According to Article 11 of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan accepts the judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and of other Allied War Crimes Courts imposed on Japan both within and outside Japan. This treaty served to officially end World War II, to formally end Japan's position as an imperial power, to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes, and to end the Allies' military occupation and return sovereignty to Japan. This treaty made extensive use of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies' goals. This treaty, along with the Security Treaty signed that same day, is said to mark the beginning of the "San Francisco System"; this term, coined by historian John W. Dower, signifies the effects of Japan's relationship with the United States and its role in the international arena as determined by these two treaties and is used to discuss the ways in which these effects have governed Japan's post-war history. This treaty also introduced the problem of the legal status of Taiwan due to its lack of specificity as to what country Taiwan was to be surrendered, and hence some supporters of Taiwan independence argue that sovereignty of Taiwan is really still held by the Allies (particularly the US).

New!!: Sri Lanka and Treaty of San Francisco · See more »

Trincomalee (திருகோணமலை Tirukōṇamalai, ත්‍රිකුණාමළය Trikuṇāmalaya) is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Trincomalee · See more »

(Pali: Tipiṭaka) is a Sanskrit word meaning Three Baskets.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tripiṭaka · See more »

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as Jungle.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests · See more »

A tropical climate is a climate typically found within the Tropics, while a few locations outside the Tropics are considered to have a tropical climate.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tropical climate · See more »

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Tropical cyclone · See more »

An "underdog" is a person or group in a competition, usually in sports and creative works, who is popularly expected to lose.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Underdog (term) · See more »

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).

New!!: Sri Lanka and UNESCO · See more »

In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Unicameralism · See more »

No description.

New!!: Sri Lanka and UNICEF · See more »

A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Unitary state · See more »

The United Front was a political alliance in Sri Lanka, formed by the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP), the Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP) and the Communist Party of Sri Lanka (CPSL) in 1968.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Front (Sri Lanka) · See more »

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Kingdom · See more »

The United National Party, often abbreviated as UNP (එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය, pronounced Eksath Jathika Pakshaya, ஐக்கிய தேசியக் கட்சி), is a political party in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United National Party · See more »

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Nations · See more »

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency that coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Nations Environment Programme · See more »

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations System inter-governmental body whose 47 member states are responsible for promoting and protecting human rights around the world.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Nations Human Rights Council · See more »

The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon Arabic:(قوة الأمم المتحدة المؤقتة في لبنان), or UNIFIL Arabic:(يونيفيل) and also known as the UN, was originally created by the United Nations Arabic:(الأمم المتحدة), with the adoption of Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 on 19 March 1978, to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon which Israel had invaded five days prior, restore international peace and security, and help the Government of Lebanon restore its effective authority in the area.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon · See more »

The United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) was a United Nations peacekeeping mission established by the United Nations Security Council on September 25, 2007 to provide a multidimensional presence of up to 350 police and military personnel to eastern Chad and north-eastern Central African Republic The mission comes as a response to the dire situation of an estimated 230,000 refugees from Darfur who continue to flee into bordering eastern Chad and north-eastern Central African Republic (CAR).

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad · See more »

The United Nations Public Administration Network mission statement is to promote the sharing of knowledge, experiences and best practices throughout the world in sound public policies, effective public administration and efficient civil services, through capacity-building and cooperation among the United Nations Member States, with emphasis on south-south cooperation and UNPAN's commitment to integrity and excellence.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Nations Public Administration Network · See more »

The United Nations Stabilization Mission In Haiti (UNSTAMIH) (Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti), also known as MINUSTAH, an acronym of the French translation, is a United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti that has been in operation since 2004.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti · See more »

The United People's Freedom Alliance is a political alliance in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United People's Freedom Alliance · See more »

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United States · See more »

The United States Department of State (DoS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department responsible for international relations of the United States, equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries.

New!!: Sri Lanka and United States Department of State · See more »

Universal suffrage (also universal adult suffrage, general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to adult citizens (or subjects), though it may also mean extending that right to minors (Demeny voting) and non-citizens.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Universal suffrage · See more »

The University Grants Commission (UGC) is the body responsible for funding most of the State Universities in Sri Lanka, and operates within the frame work of the Universities Act No.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka) · See more »

University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University of California Press · See more »

The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University of Edinburgh · See more »

The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University of Michigan · See more »

The University of Michigan Press is part of Michigan Publishing at the University of Michigan Library.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University of Michigan Press · See more »

The University of Moratuwa (also referred as Moratuwa University) (මොරටුව විශ්වවිද්‍යාලය, மொரட்டுவை பல்கலைக்கழகம்), located on the bank of the Bolgoda Lake in Katubedda, Moratuwa, is the most sought-after technological university in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University of Moratuwa · See more »

The University of Peradeniya (පේරාදෙණිය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලය, பேராதனைப் பல்கலைக்கழகம்) is a state university in Sri Lanka, funded by the University Grants Commission.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University of Peradeniya · See more »

*For the figure in Norse mythology, see Urðr The University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna) or UTHR(J) was formed in 1988 at the University of Jaffna, Jaffna in Sri Lanka as part of the national organization University Teachers for Human Rights.

New!!: Sri Lanka and University Teachers for Human Rights · See more »

Upasampadā (Pali) literally means "approaching or nearing the ascetic tradition." In more common parlance it specifically refers to the rite of ordination by which one undertakes the Buddhist monastic life.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Upasampada · See more »

Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the best moral action is the one that maximizes utility.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Utilitarianism · See more »

Uva Province (ඌව පළාත Uva Palata, ஊவா மாகாணம் Uva Maakaanam) is Sri Lanka's second least populated province, with 1,259,880 people, created in 1896.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Uva Province · See more »

Valagamba, also known as Vattagamani Abhaya and Valagambahu, was a king of the Anuradhapura Kingdom of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Valagamba of Anuradhapura · See more »

Veddas (වැද්දා, வேடுவர் Vēṭuvar) are an indigenous people of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Vedda people · See more »

Vijayabahu I (born, Prince Kitti) (ruled 1055–1110) was a medieval king of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Vijayabahu I of Polonnaruwa · See more »

Vimaladharmasuriya I, also known as Konappu Bandara before Coronation and Dom Joan of Austria or Don Jhon Appuhamy, was a king of Sri Lanka who ruled the country from 1590 to 1604.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy · See more »

Vimāna is a mythological flying palace or chariot described in Hindu texts and Sanskrit epics.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Vimana · See more »

Vira Parakrama Narendra Sinha (1707–1739 AD) was the last Sinhalese King of Sri Lanka of the Kingdom of Kandy.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Vira Narendra Sinha of Kandy · See more »

Virginia (U.S.:, U.K.), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Virginia · See more »

Viśwákarma (Sanskrit "all-accomplishing, maker of all, all-doer") is personified omnipotence and the abstract form of the creator God according to the Rigveda.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Vishvakarman · See more »

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Volleyball · See more »

Wannakuwatta Mitiwaduge Don Albert Perera (වන්නකුවත්ත මිටිවඩුගේ දොන් ඇල්බට් පෙරෙරා; born 5 December 1927) in Moratuwa, Sri Lanka, better known by his adopted name Amaradeva, is a Sri Lankan vocalist, violinist and composer.

New!!: Sri Lanka and W. D. Amaradeva · See more »

Wariyapola is a town in the Kurunegala District, North Western province, Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Wariyapola · See more »

A welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Welfare state · See more »

West Bengal is a state in eastern India and is the nation's fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants.

New!!: Sri Lanka and West Bengal · See more »

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Western Europe · See more »

The Western Province (බස්නාහිර පළාත Basnahira Palata; மேல் மாகாணம் Mael Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Western Province, Sri Lanka · See more »

White people is a racial classification specifier, depending on context used for people of Caucasian ancestry.

New!!: Sri Lanka and White people · See more »

The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swineHeptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Wild boar · See more »

Wilhelm Ludwig Geiger (1856-1943) was a German Orientalist in the fields of Indo-Iranian languages and the history of Iran and Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Wilhelm Geiger · See more »

Wilpattu National Park (Willu-pattu; Land of Lakes) is a park located on the island of Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Wilpattu National Park · See more »

Wisden Cricketers' Almanack (or simply Wisden or colloquially "the Bible of Cricket") is a cricket reference book published annually in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Wisden Cricketers' Almanack · See more »

The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.

New!!: Sri Lanka and World Bank · See more »

The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva.

New!!: Sri Lanka and World Economic Forum · See more »

The World Giving Index (WGI) is an annual report published by the Charities Aid Foundation, using data gathered by Gallup, and ranks over 130 countries in the world according to how charitable they are.

New!!: Sri Lanka and World Giving Index · See more »

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

New!!: Sri Lanka and World War II · See more »

Yaksha (Sanskrit, Pali yakkha) is the name of a broad class of nature-spirits, usually benevolent, who are caretakers of the natural treasures hidden in the earth and tree roots.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Yaksha · See more »

Yala National Park is the most visited and second largest national park in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Yala National Park · See more »

Yapahuwa was one of the ephemeral capitals of medieval Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Yapahuwa · See more »

Zheng He (1371–1433 or 1435), formerly romanized as Cheng Ho, was a Hui court eunuch, mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral during China's early Ming dynasty.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Zheng He · See more »

Zoroastrianism or Mazdaism is the religion ascribed to the teachings of the prophet Zoroaster, whose Supreme Being was Ahura Mazda.

New!!: Sri Lanka and Zoroastrianism · See more »

.lk is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and .lk · See more »

The 10th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 10 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 10th parallel north · See more »

The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in London, England, United Kingdom.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1948 Summer Olympics · See more »

The Hartal 1953 was a country-wide demonstration of civil disobedience and strike, commonly known as a hartal, held in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) on 12 August 1953.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1953 Ceylonese Hartal · See more »

The 1962 Ceylonese coup d'état attempt (also known as the Colonels coup) was a failed military coup planned in Sri Lanka (Ceylon).

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1962 Ceylonese coup d'état attempt · See more »

The 1971 Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna Insurrection (also known as the 1971 Revolt) was the first unsuccessful armed revolt conducted by the communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) against the Government of Ceylon under Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1971 JVP Insurrection · See more »

The 1986 Asia Cup (also known as the John Player Gold Leaf Trophy), was the second Asia Cup tournament, and was held in Sri Lanka between March 30 and April 6.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1986 Asia Cup · See more »

The 1987–89 JVP Insurrection (also known as the 1989 Revolt) was the second unsuccessful armed revolt conducted by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna against the Government of Sri Lanka under President J. R. Jayewardene.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1987–89 JVP Insurrection · See more »

The 1996 Cricket World Cup, also called the Wills World Cup after its official sponsors, ITC's Wills brand, was the sixth Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC).

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1996 Cricket World Cup · See more »

The 1997 Asia Cup (also known as the Pepsi Asia Cup 1997), was the sixth Asia Cup tournament, and the second to be held in Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 1997 Asia Cup · See more »

The 200 metres (also spelled 200 meters) is a sprint running event.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 200 metres · See more »

The 2000 Summer Olympic Games (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 2000), officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2000 Summer Olympics · See more »

2001: A Space Odyssey is a science-fiction narrative, produced in 1968 as both a novel, written by Arthur C. Clarke, and a film, directed by Stanley Kubrick.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2001: A Space Odyssey · See more »

The eighth edition of cricket's Asia Cup (also called Indian Oil Asia Cup) was held in Sri Lanka after a gap of 4 years.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2004 Asia Cup · See more »

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami · See more »

The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was the 9th edition of the Cricket World Cup tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sport's One Day International format.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2007 Cricket World Cup · See more »

The 2008 Asia Cup (also called STAR Cricket Asia Cup) took place in Pakistan in June 2008.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2008 Asia Cup · See more »

The 2009 ICC World Twenty20 was an international Twenty20 cricket tournament which took place in England in June 2009.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2009 ICC World Twenty20 · See more »

The 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup was the tenth Cricket World Cup.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2011 Cricket World Cup · See more »

The 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup Final was played between India and Sri Lanka at the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai on 2 April 2011.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2011 Cricket World Cup Final · See more »

The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was the fourth ICC World Twenty20 competition, an international Twenty20 cricket tournament that took place in Sri Lanka from 18 September to 7 October 2012 which was won by the West Indies.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2012 ICC World Twenty20 · See more »

The 2014 Asia Cup was the twelfth edition of the Asia Cup cricket tournament.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2014 Asia Cup · See more »

The 2014 ICC World Twenty20 was the fifth ICC World Twenty20 competition, an international Twenty20 cricket tournament, that took place in Bangladesh from 16 March to 6 April 2014, which was won by Sri Lanka.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 2014 ICC World Twenty20 · See more »

3G, short form of third generation, is the third generation of mobile telecommunications technology.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 3G · See more »

3G countries or Global Growth Generating countries are 11 countries which have been identified as sources of growth potential and of profitable investment opportunities.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 3G (countries) · See more »

The 400 metres hurdles is a track and field hurdling event.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 400 metres hurdles · See more »

The 5th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 5 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 5th parallel north · See more »

The meridian 79° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 79th meridian east · See more »

The meridian 82° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

New!!: Sri Lanka and 82nd meridian east · See more »

Redirects here:

Administrative divisions of Sri Lanka, Ceilan, Ceilao, Cejlon, Ceylon, Ceylonese, Choshalichak Kutiyarachu, Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Etymology of Sri Lanka, Free Sovereign and Independent Republic of Sri Lanka, Free, Sovereign and Independent Republic of Sri Lanka, Hela Diva, Heladiva, Helaya, ISO 3166-1:LK, Ilankai, Ilankai Jananayaka, Ilankai Jananayaka Choshalichak Kutiyarachu, Ilaṅkai, Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu, Independence of Sri Lanka, Island of Ceylon, Provincial capitals of Sri Lanka, Republic of Sri Lanka, S Lanka, Seilan, Shri Lamka Prajatantrika Samajaya di Janarajaya, Sielediva, Sir Lanka, Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Sri Lamka, Sri Lanak, Sri Lanca, Sri Lanka government, Sri Lankan Martial Arts, Sri Lankan Republic, Sri lanka, Sri lankan, Sri-Lanka, SriLanka, Srilanka, Srí Lanka, Subdivisions of Sri Lanka, Sulloon, The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Tourist Sri Lanka, Venerable Island, Śrī Laṃkāva, இலங்கை, இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசு, ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lanka

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »