311 relations: Airboat, Alachua County, Florida, Alexander Hamilton, Alexander Springs Wilderness, Algae, Algal bloom, American alligator, American Civil War, American eel, American gizzard shad, American Heritage Rivers, American purple gallinule, American Revolutionary War, American shad, American white ibis, Amphipoda, André Michaux, Andrew Jackson, Anhinga, Anna Kingsley, Apalachee, Aquatic plant, Aquifer, Archaic period (North America), Arctic Ocean, Astor, Florida, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic stingray, Backwater (river), Bald eagle, Barred owl, Barrier island, Basement (geology), Bill Clinton, Black crappie, Black vulture, Blackwater river, Blue Spring State Park, Bluegill, Bobcat, Bog, Brevard County, Florida, Calcium carbonate, Callinectes sapidus, Caloosahatchee River, Cantino planisphere, Cape Canaveral, Charleston, South Carolina, Charlton W. Tebeau, Christmas, Florida, ..., Cladium, Clay County, Florida, Coastal plain, Cobia, Common Era, Confederate States Army, Confederate States of America, Copepod, Crayfish, Cretaceous, Cross Florida Barge Canal, Daguerreotype, Damselfly, DeBary, Florida, DeLand, Florida, Deltona, Florida, Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene, Doctors Lake (Florida), Dragonfly, Draining and development of the Everglades, Drayton Island, Duval County, Florida, Eastern oyster, Econlockhatchee River, Eichhornia crassipes, Environmental Defense Fund, Estuary, Evaporite, Evapotranspiration, Everglades, Fellsmere, Florida, Fish migration, Florida, Florida black bear, Florida cracker, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Florida East Coast Railway, Florida House of Representatives, Florida in the American Civil War, Florida Territory, Floridan aquifer, Food web, Fort Caroline, Fort George Island Cultural State Park, Gainesville, Florida, Gate River Run, Geneva, Florida, George III of the United Kingdom, Goatfish, Gondwana, Gossypium barbadense, Granite, Green Cove Springs, Florida, Green Swamp (Florida), Guale, Haines City, Florida, Hamilton Disston, Hammock (ecology), Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry B. Plant, Henry Flagler, Hitchiti, Hontoon Island State Park, Huguenots, Humid subtropical climate, Igneous rock, Indian River County, Florida, Indian River Lagoon, Indian Territory, Interstate Highway System, Intracoastal Waterway, Invasive species, Iris virginica, Jacksonville Jaguars, Jacksonville Kingfish Tournament, Jacksonville, Florida, Jacques le Moyne, James Madison, James Monroe, Jean Ribault, Joel Roberts Poinsett, John Bartram, John Delaney (Florida politician), John Jackson Dickison, John James Audubon, John William Pearson, Juan Ponce de León, King mackerel, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingsley Plantation, Kissimmee River, Kissimmee, Florida, Lagoon, Lake Apopka, Lake County, Florida, Lake George (Florida), Lake George State Forest, Lake Griffin State Park, Lake Harney, Lake Hell 'n Blazes, Lake Jesup, Lake Monroe (Florida), Lake Poinsett (Florida), Lake Tohopekaliga, Lake Washington (Florida), Lake Winder, Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge, Largemouth bass, Limestone, Limpkin, List of crossings of the St. Johns River, List of lakes of the St. Johns River, List of rivers of Florida, Magnolia virginiana, Mahi-mahi, Maple Leaf (shipwreck), Marion County, Florida, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Mastodon, Mayport (Jacksonville), Melbourne, Florida, Michael Gannon (historian), Midden, Mission (station), Mocama, Mollusca, Mosquito, Muscogee, Muscogee language, Napoleon B. 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An airboat, also known as a fanboat, is a flat-bottomed vessel (jon boat) propelled by an aircraft-type propeller and powered by either an aircraft or automotive engine.
Alachua County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida.
Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757July 12, 1804) was a statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Alexander Springs Wilderness is located in the U.S. state of Florida and was designated in 1984 by the United States Congress.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
An algal bloom is a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae in freshwater or marine water systems, and is recognized by the discoloration in the water from their pigments.
The American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), sometimes referred to colloquially as a gator or common alligator, is a large crocodilian reptile endemic to the southeastern United States.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American eel (Anguilla rostrata) is a facultative catadromous fish found on the eastern coast of North America.
The American gizzard shad (Dorosoma cepedianum) is a member of the herring family of fish, and is native to large swaths of fresh and brackish waters of the United States of America.
American Heritage Rivers are designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to receive special attention (coordinating efforts of multiple governmental entities) to further three objectives: natural resource and environmental protection, economic revitalization, and historic and cultural preservation.
This article is on the New-World purple gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus), not the Old-World purple gallinule which is the Purple swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio).
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The American shad (Alosa sapidissima) is a species of anadromous clupeid fish naturally distributed on the North American coast of the North Atlantic, from Newfoundland to Florida, and as an introduced species on the North Pacific coast.
The American white ibis (Eudocimus albus) is a species of bird in the ibis family, Threskiornithidae.
Amphipoda is an order of malacostracan crustaceans with no carapace and generally with laterally compressed bodies.
André Michaux, also styled Andrew Michaud, (8 March 174613 November 1802) was a French botanist and explorer.
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.
The anhinga (Anhinga anhinga), sometimes called snakebird, darter, American darter, or water turkey, is a water bird of the warmer parts of the Americas.
Anna Madgigine Jai Kingsley (born Anta Madjiguene Ndiaye) (18 June 1793 – April or May 1870) was a West African slave from present-day Senegal turned slave trader and plantation owner’s wife, and then planter in early 19th-century Florida.
The Apalachee are a Native American people who historically lived in the Florida Panhandle.
Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater).
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).
In the classification of the archaeological cultures of North America, the Archaic period or "Meso-Indian period" in North America, accepted to be from around 8000 to 1000 BC in the sequence of North American pre-Columbian cultural stages, is a period defined by the archaic stage of cultural development.
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.
Astor is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Lake County, Florida, United States, located on the west side of the St. Johns River between Lake George and Lake Dexter.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Atlantic stingray (Hypanus sabina) is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, common along the Atlantic coast of North America from Chesapeake Bay to Mexico, including brackish and freshwater habitats.
A backwater is a part of a river in which there is little or no current.
The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, from Greek ἅλς, hals "sea", αἰετός aietos "eagle", λευκός, leukos "white", κεφαλή, kephalē "head") is a bird of prey found in North America.
The barred owl (Strix varia), also known as northern barred owl or hoot owl, is a true owl native to eastern North America.
Barrier islands are coastal landforms and a type of dune system that are exceptionally flat or lumpy areas of sand that form by wave and tidal action parallel to the mainland coast.
In geology, basement and crystalline basement are the rocks below a sedimentary platform or cover, or more generally any rock below sedimentary rocks or sedimentary basins that are metamorphic or igneous in origin.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
The black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies.
The black vulture (Coragyps atratus), also known as the American black vulture, is a bird in the New World vulture family whose range extends from the southeastern United States to Central Chile and Uruguay in South America.
A blackwater river is a type of river with a slow-moving channel flowing through forested swamps or wetlands.
Blue Spring State Park is a state park located west of Orange City, Florida in the United States.
The bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) is a species of freshwater fish sometimes referred to as bream, brim, or copper nose.
The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American cat that appeared during the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years ago (AEO).
A bog is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss.
Brevard County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Callinectes sapidus (from the Greek calli-.
The Caloosahatchee River is a river on the southwest Gulf Coast of Florida in the United States, approximately long.
The Cantino planisphere or Cantino world map is the earliest surviving map showing Portuguese geographic discoveries in the east and west.
Cape Canaveral, from the Spanish Cabo Cañaveral, is a cape in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of the state's Atlantic coast.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Charlton W. Tebeau (1904–2000) was a prominent American historian of Florida.
Christmas is a census-designated place and an unincorporated area in Orange County, Florida, United States.
Cladium (Fen-sedge, Sawgrass or Twig-sedge) is a genus of large sedges, with a nearly worldwide distribution in tropical and temperate regions.
Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida.
A coastal plain is flat, low-lying land adjacent to a sea coast.
The cobia (Rachycentron canadum) is a species of perciform marine fish, the only representative of the genus Rachycentron and the family Rachycentridae.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Copepods (meaning "oar-feet") are a group of small crustaceans found in the sea and nearly every freshwater habitat.
Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
The Cross Florida Barge Canal, now officially the Marjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway is a protected green belt corridor, one mile (1.6 km) wide in most places.
The Daguerreotype (daguerréotype) process, or daguerreotypy, was the first publicly available photographic process, and for nearly twenty years it was the one most commonly used.
Damselflies are insects of the suborder Zygoptera in the order Odonata.
DeBary is a city in Volusia County, Florida, United States, on the northern shore of the St. Johns River near Lake Monroe.
DeLand is a city in the U.S. state of Florida.
Deltona is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and the most populous city in Volusia County.
Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) is a chemical compound formed by the loss of hydrogen chloride (dehydrohalogenation) from DDT, of which it is one of the more common breakdown products.
Doctors Lake is a body of water located off the St. Johns River in Clay County, Florida.
A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the order Odonata, infraorder Anisoptera (from Greek ἄνισος anisos, "uneven" and πτερόν pteron, "wing", because the hindwing is broader than the forewing).
The history of draining and development of the Everglades dates back to the 19th century.
Drayton Island is a privately owned heavily wooded island at the northern end of Lake George on the west side of the Saint Johns River's main channel in Putnam County, Florida, United States.
Duval County is a county in the State of Florida.
The eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica)—also called Wellfleet oyster, Atlantic oyster, Virginia oyster, or American oyster—is a species of true oyster native to the eastern seaboard and Gulf of Mexico coast of North America.
The Econlockhatchee River (Econ River for short) is an U.S. Geological Survey.
Eichhornia crassipes, commonly known as common water hyacinth, is an aquatic plant native to the Amazon basin, and is often a highly problematic invasive species outside its native range.
Environmental Defense Fund or EDF (formerly known as Environmental Defense) is a United States-based nonprofit environmental advocacy group.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Evaporite is the term for a water-soluble mineral sediment that results from concentration and crystallization by evaporation from an aqueous solution.
Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land and ocean surface to the atmosphere.
The Everglades is a natural region of tropical wetlands in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southern half of a large drainage basin and part of the neotropic ecozone.
Fellsmere is a city in Indian River County, Florida, United States.
Many types of fish migrate on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annually or longer, and over distances ranging from a few metres to thousands of kilometres.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
The Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus) is a subspecies of the American black bear that has historically ranged throughout most of Florida and southern portions of Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi.
Florida cracker refers to colonial-era English and American pioneer settlers and their descendants in what is now the U.S. state of Florida.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) is the Florida government agency charged with environmental protection.
The Florida East Coast Railway is a Class II railroad operating in the U.S. state of Florida.
The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Legislature of the U.S. State of Florida.
Florida joined the Confederate States of America at the beginning of the Civil War, as the third of the original seven states to secede from the Union, following Lincoln's 1860 election.
The Territory of Florida was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 30, 1822, until March 3, 1845, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Florida.
The Floridan aquifer system, composed of the Upper and Lower Floridan aquifers, is a thick sequence of Paleogene carbonate rock which spans an area of about 100,000 square miles (260,000 km2) in the southeastern United States.
A food web (or food cycle) is a natural interconnection of food chains and a graphical representation (usually an image) of what-eats-what in an ecological community.
Fort Caroline was an attempted French colonial settlement in Florida, located on the banks of the St. Johns River in present-day Duval County.
Fort George Island State Cultural Site is a Florida State Park located on Fort George Island, about three miles (5 km) south of Little Talbot Island State Park on SR A1A.
Gainesville is the county seat and largest city in Alachua County, Florida, United States, and the principal city of the Gainesville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA).
The Gate River Run (GRR), formerly known as the Jacksonville River Run, is an annual 15 kilometer road running event in Jacksonville, Florida that attracts both competitive and recreational runners.
Geneva is a community, census-designated place and unincorporated area in Seminole County, Florida, United States, with zip code 32732.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
The goatfishes are perciform fish of the family Mullidae.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
Gossypium barbadense, also known as extra-long staple (ELS) cotton, is a species of cotton plant that has been cultivated to have ELS fibres – fibres longer than – which are associated with high quality cotton cloth.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Green Cove Springs is a hydrological spring and a city in Clay County, Florida, United States.
The Green Swamp is a swamp in Florida.
Guale was a historic Native American chiefdom of Mississippian culture peoples located along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands.
Haines City is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States.
Hamilton Disston (August 23, 1844 – April 30, 1896),"He Died Without Warning", The Washington Post (May 1, 1896).
Hammock is a term used in the southeastern United States for stands of trees, usually hardwood, that form an ecological island in a contrasting ecosystem.
Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe (June 14, 1811 – July 1, 1896) was an American abolitionist and author.
Henry Bradley Plant (October 27, 1819 – June 23, 1899), was a businessman, entrepreneur, investor involved with many transportation interests and projects, mostly railroads, in the southeastern United States.
Henry Morrison Flagler (January 2, 1830 – May 20, 1913) was an American industrialist and a founder of Standard Oil, first based in Ohio.
The Hitchiti were an indigenous tribe formerly residing chiefly in a town of the same name on the east bank of the Chattahoochee River, four miles below Chiaha, in western present-day Georgia, United States.
Hontoon Island State Park is a Florida State Park located on Hontoon Island between the St. Johns River and the Hontoon Dead River in Volusia County.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.
Indian River County is a county located in the Treasure Coast region of the U.S. state of Florida.
The Indian River Lagoon is a grouping of three lagoons: the Mosquito Lagoon, the Banana River, and the Indian River, on the Atlantic Coast of Florida; it is the most biodiverse lagoon ecosystem in the Northern Hemisphere and is home to more than 10,000 species of plants and animals.
As general terms, Indian Territory, the Indian Territories, or Indian country describe an evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States.
The Intracoastal Waterway (ICW) is a inland waterway along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts of the United States, running from Boston, Massachusetts, southward along the Atlantic Seaboard and around the southern tip of Florida, then following the Gulf Coast to Brownsville, Texas.
An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
Iris virginica, with the common name Virginia iris, is a perennial species of flowering plant, native to eastern North America.
The Jacksonville Jaguars are an American professional football franchise based in Jacksonville, Florida.
The AT&T Greater Jacksonville Kingfish Tournament (GJKT) is a contest fishing for King mackerel that spans six days every July in Jacksonville, Florida.
Jacksonville is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.
Jacques le Moyne de Morgues (1533–1588) was a French artist and member of Jean Ribault's expedition to the New World.
James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.
James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fifth President of the United States from 1817 to 1825.
Jean Ribault (also spelled Ribaut) (1520 – October 12, 1565) was a French naval officer, navigator, and a colonizer of what would become the southeastern United States.
Joel Roberts Poinsett (March 2, 1779 – December 12, 1851) was an American physician and diplomat.
John Bartram (March 23, 1699 – September 22, 1777) was an early American botanist, horticulturist and explorer.
John Adrian Delaney (born June 29, 1956) is an American lawyer, politician and former university administrator.
John Jackson Dickison, known as J. J. Dickison (March 27, 1816 – August 20, 1902), was an officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
John James Audubon (born Jean Rabin; April 26, 1785 – January 27, 1851) was an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter.
John William Pearson (January 19, 1808 – September 30, 1864) was an American businessman and a Confederate Captain during the American Civil War.
Juan Ponce de León (1474 – July 1521) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador born in Santervás de Campos, Valladolid, Spain in 1474.
The king mackerel or kingfish (Scomberomorus cavalla) is a migratory species of mackerel of the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
Kingsley Plantation (also known as the Zephaniah Kingsley Plantation Home and Buildings) is the site of a former estate in Jacksonville, Florida, that was named for an early owner, Zephaniah Kingsley, who spent 25 years there.
The Kissimmee River is a river in south-central Florida, United States.
Kissimmee is a city in Osceola County, Florida, United States.
A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs.
Lake Apopka is the third largest lake in the U.S. state of Florida.
Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida.
Lake George or Lake Welaka is a broad and shallow brackish lake on the St. Johns River in the U.S. state of Florida.
The Lake George State Forest is a designated protected area and state forest in the U.S. state of Florida.
Lake Griffin State Park is a Florida State Park located two miles (3 km) north of Leesburg, in Fruitland Park and south of Ocala on U.S. Highway 441.
Lake Harney, named for General William S. Harney, is a lake that straddles the county line between Volusia County and Seminole County, Florida, at the coordinates latitude 28°45’21.404", longitude 81° 03’36.019".
Lake Hell 'n Blazes is on the upper reaches of the St. Johns River in Brevard County, Florida, United States, about southwest of Melbourne.
Lake Jesup is one of the largest lakes in Central Florida, one of many that make up the St. Johns River.
Lake Monroe is one of the lakes that make up the St. Johns River system.
Lake Poinsett is a lake in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near Rockledge and Cocoa, with small portions in Orange County and Osceola County.
Lake Tohopekaliga Tohopeka; Tohopekaliga, also referred to as Lake Toho, West Lake, or simply Toho, native name meaning "we will gather together here", is the largest lake located in Osceola County, Florida, United States.
Lake Washington is the largest lake in Brevard County, Florida at.
Lake Winder is a lake in Brevard County and a small portion lies in Osceola County.
The Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge is part of the United States National Wildlife Refuge System, located in north central Florida, twenty-five miles west of Daytona Beach, off U.S. Highway 17 in DeLeon Springs.
The largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) is a freshwater gamefish in the Centrarchidae (sunfish) family, a species of black bass native to North America.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
The limpkin (Aramus guarauna), also called carrao, courlan, and crying bird, is a bird that looks like a large rail but is skeletally closer to cranes.
This is a list of bridges and other crossings of the Saint Johns River.
This is the list of lakes that form the St. Johns River in Florida, the state's longest river, starting with the origin.
This is a list of streams and rivers in the U.S. state of Florida.
Magnolia virginiana, most commonly known as sweetbay magnolia, or merely sweetbay (also laurel magnolia, swampbay, swamp magnolia, whitebay, or beaver tree), is a member of the magnolia family, Magnoliaceae.
The mahi-mahi or common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) is a surface-dwelling ray-finned fish found in off-shore temperate, tropical, and subtropical waters worldwide.
The Maple Leaf is a United States National Historic Landmark shipwreck in Jacksonville, Florida, United States.
Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida.
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (August 8, 1896 – December 14, 1953); accessed December 8, 2014.
Mastodons (Greek: μαστός "breast" and ὀδούς, "tooth") are any species of extinct proboscideans in the genus Mammut (family Mammutidae), distantly related to elephants, that inhabited North and Central America during the late Miocene or late Pliocene up to their extinction at the end of the Pleistocene 10,000 to 11,000 years ago.
Mayport is a small community located between Naval Station Mayport and the St. Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida.
Melbourne is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States.
Michael V. Gannon (April 12, 1927 – April 10, 2017) was an American military historian, academic, and former priest and war correspondent.
A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
A religious mission or mission station is a location for missionary work.
The Mocama were a Native American people who lived in the coastal areas of what are now northern Florida and southeastern Georgia.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae.
The Muscogee, also known as the Mvskoke, Creek and the Muscogee Creek Confederacy, are a related group of Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.
The Muscogee language (Mvskoke in Muscogee), also known as Creek, Seminole, Maskókî or Muskogee, is a Muskogean language spoken by Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole people, primarily in the U.S. states of Oklahoma and Florida.
Napoleon Bonaparte Broward (April 19, 1857 – October 1, 1910) was an American river pilot, captain, and politician; he was elected as the 19th Governor of the U.S. state of Florida from January 3, 1905 to January 5, 1909.
Narcoossee is an unincorporated community in eastern Osceola County, Florida, United States.
Naval Air Station Jacksonville (NAS Jacksonville) is a military airport, eight miles (13 km) south of the central business district of Jacksonville, Florida, United States.
Naval Station Mayport is a major United States Navy base in Jacksonville, Florida.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is a term used to describe pollution resulting from many diffuse sources, in direct contrast to point source pollution which results from a single source.
A nor'easter (also northeaster; see below) is a macro-scale cyclone.
The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis), also known as the northern river otter or the common otter, is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to the North American continent found in and along its waterways and coasts.
Nymphaea odorata, also known as the American white waterlily, fragrant water-lily, beaver root, fragrant white water lily, white water lily, sweet-scented white water lily, and sweet-scented water lily, is an aquatic plant belonging to the genus Nymphaea.
Nyssa biflora, commonly referred to as the swamp tupelo, or swamp black-gum is a species of tupelo that lives in wetland habitats.
The Ocala National Forest ls the second largest nationally protected forest in the U.S. State of Florida.
Ocala is a city located in Marion County, Florida, which is part of the northern region of the state.
The U.S. Geological Survey.
Orange County is a county in the state of Florida, in the United States.
Orange Lake is an unincorporated community in Marion County, Florida, United States.
Orange Park is a town in Clay County, Florida, United States, and a suburb of Jacksonville.
Orange Springs is an unincorporated community in Marion County, Florida, United States.
Orlando is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County.
Osceola (1804 – January 30, 1838), born as Billy Powell, became an influential leader of the Seminole in Florida.
Osceola County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida.
Oxygen saturation (symbol SO2) is a relative measure of the concentration of oxygen that is dissolved or carried in a given medium as a proportion of the maximal concentration that can be dissolved in that medium.
A paddle steamer is a steamship or riverboat powered by a steam engine that drives paddle wheels to propel the craft through the water.
Palaemonetes is a genus of caridean shrimp comprising a geographically diverse group of fresh water, brackish and marine crustaceans.
Palatka (pronounced puh-lat-kuh) is a city in Putnam County, Florida, United States.
The Palatlakaha River is a river in Lake County, Florida.
Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleoamericans is a classification term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.
The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era (from the Greek palaios (παλαιός), "old" and zoe (ζωή), "life", meaning "ancient life") is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon.
Palmetto Leaves is a memoir and travel guide written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about her winters in the town of Mandarin, Florida, published in 1873.
Pangaea or Pangea was a supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras.
Paralichthys lethostigma, the southern flounder, is a species of large-tooth flounders native to the eastern and gulf coasts of the United States.
Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.
Pedro Menéndez de Avilés (15 February 1519 – 17 September 1574) was a Spanish admiral and explorer from the region of Asturias, Spain, who is remembered for planning the first regular trans-oceanic convoys and for founding St. Augustine, Florida, in 1565.
Periphyton is a complex mixture of algae, cyanobacteria, heterotrophic microbes, and detritus that is attached to submerged surfaces in most aquatic ecosystems.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Phytoplankton are the autotrophic (self-feeding) components of the plankton community and a key part of oceans, seas and freshwater basin ecosystems.
Pinus elliottii, commonly known as the slash pine, is a pine tree native to the southeastern United States.
Pitcher plants are several different carnivorous plants which have modified leaves known as pitfall traps—a prey-trapping mechanism featuring a deep cavity filled with digestive liquid.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
The poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
Polk County is located in the U.S. state of Florida.
Pomacea paludosa, common name the Florida applesnail, is a species of freshwater snail with an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Ampullariidae, the apple snails.
Putnam County is a county located in the state of Florida.
Puzzle Lake is a lake near Geneva in Seminole County, Florida.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
The raccoon (or, Procyon lotor), sometimes spelled racoon, also known as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, or northern raccoon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.
The red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus) is a medium-sized hawk.
Rene Goulaine de Laudonnière (c. 1529–1574) was a French Huguenot explorer and the founder of the French colony of Fort Caroline in what is now Jacksonville, Florida.
The rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) is one of the best-known species of Old World monkeys.
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (common names include the Zuiderzee crab, dwarf crab, estuarine mud crab, Harris mud crab, white-fingered mud crab, and white-tipped mud crab), is a small omnivorous crab native to Atlantic coasts of the Americas, from New Brunswick to Veracruz.
In geology, a rift is a linear zone where the lithosphere is being pulled apart and is an example of extensional tectonics.
The Rivers of America Series is a landmark series of books on American rivers, for the most part written by literary figures rather than historians.
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
Salt Springs is an unincorporated community in Marion County, Florida, United States.
San Juan del Puerto was a Spanish Franciscan mission founded before 1587 on Fort George Island, near the mouth of the St. Johns River in what is now Jacksonville, Florida.
The sandhill crane (Antigone canadensis) is a species of large crane of North America and extreme northeastern Siberia.
Sanford is a city in the central region of the U.S. state of Florida and is the county seat of Seminole County.
The Sarasota Herald-Tribune is a daily newspaper located in Sarasota, Florida, founded in 1925 as the Sarasota Herald.
The Sargasso Sea is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean bounded by four currents forming an ocean gyre.
Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.
The Seminole are a Native American people originally from Florida.
Seminole County is a county in the state of Florida.
The Seminole Wars, also known as the Florida Wars, were three conflicts in Florida between the Seminole, a Native American tribe that formed in Florida in the early 18th century, and the United States Army.
Serenoa repens, commonly known as saw palmetto, is the sole species currently classified in the genus Serenoa.
The Shands Bridge is a highway bridge over the St. Johns River near Jacksonville, Florida. The span was first opened in 1929. It was located just north of the current span, crossing from Orangedale to the present Shands pier on the west side of the river. On October 7, the eastern approach to the bridge was eroded by Hurricane Matthew, so the bridge was closed to traffic for an indefinite time period. On October 9, the bridge reopened. The current bridge was dedicated on October 30, 1963, and features a beam-type construction for a total of two lanes. The bridge is part of SR 16 and until the building of the I-295 Buckman Bridge was the only crossing of the St. Johns River between Jacksonville and Palatka. In 2004, proposals were made to replace or upgrade the span. Problems cited include increasing traffic in the Clay County and St. Johns County areas, safety, and the inability of large boats to travel upriver. One plan would put a new bridge north of the existing one, connecting to extensions of SR 9B and SR 23. In the fall of 2005, the railings of the bridge were upgraded to solid concrete barriers in an effort to reduce over-bridge fatalities.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Sidney Clopton Lanier (February 3, 1842 – September 7, 1881) was an American musician, poet and author.
The Silver River is a short spring-fed river located east of Ocala in Marion County, Florida.
Silver Springs is an unincorporated community in Marion County, Florida, United States.
A sinkhole, also known as a cenote, sink, sink-hole, swallet, swallow hole, or doline (the different terms for sinkholes are often used interchangeably), is a depression or hole in the ground caused by some form of collapse of the surface layer.
The South Atlantic–Gulf Water Resource Region is one of 21 major geographic areas, or regions, in the first level of classification used by the United States Geological Survey to divide and sub-divide the United States into successively smaller hydrologic units.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Spanish Florida refers to the Spanish territory of La Florida, which was the first major European land claim and attempted settlement in North America during the European Age of Discovery.
A spring is any natural situation where water flows from an aquifer to the Earth's surface.
A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels.
Surficial aquifers are shallow aquifers typically less than thick, but larger surficial aquifers of about have been mapped.
The Suwannee River (also spelled Suwanee River) is a major river that runs through South Georgia southward into Florida in the southern United States.
A swale is a low tract of land, especially one that is moist or marshy.
Tallahassee is the capital of the U.S. state of Florida.
Tarzan (John Clayton, Viscount Greystoke) is a fictional character, an archetypal feral child raised in the African jungle by the Mangani great apes; he later experiences civilization only to largely reject it and return to the wild as a heroic adventurer.
Taxodium is a genus of one to three species (depending on taxonomic opinion) of extremely flood-tolerant conifers in the cypress family, Cupressaceae.
Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.
The tessellated darter (Etheostoma olmstedi) is a fish belonging to the genus Etheostoma, native to Canada and the United States.
The Florida Times-Union is a major daily newspaper in Jacksonville, Florida, United States.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Yearling is the 1938 novel written by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings.
Thomas Sidney Jesup (December 16, 1788 – June 10, 1860) was a United States Army officer known as the "Father of the Modern Quartermaster Corps".
TIAA Bank Field is an American football stadium located in Jacksonville, Florida, that primarily serves as the home facility of the Jacksonville Jaguars of the National Football League (NFL).
The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia.
Titusville is a city in and the county seat of Brevard County, Florida, United States.
Tosohatchee Wildlife Management Area is located along the St.
A totem (Ojibwe doodem) is a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, clan, lineage, or tribe.
The Treaty of Moultrie Creek was an agreement signed in 1823 between the government of the United States and the chiefs of several groups and bands of Indians living in the present-day state of Florida.
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
Tropical Storm Fay was a strong and unusual tropical storm that moved erratically across the state of Florida and the Caribbean Sea.
The Trout River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The United States Fleet Forces Command (USFF) is a service component command of the United States Navy that provides naval forces to a wide variety of U.S. forces.
The United States Forest Service (USFS) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass.
USS Columbine (1862) was a side-wheel steamer that patrolled with the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron in the American Civil War.
Vero Beach is a city in and the seat of Indian River County, Florida, United States.
The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is a marsupial found in North America.
Viviparus georgianus, common name the banded mystery snail, is a species of large freshwater snail with gills and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Viviparidae, the river snails.
Volusia County is located in the east-central part of the U.S. state of Florida, stretching between the St. Johns River and the Atlantic Ocean.
Wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri) is a scombrid fish found worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas.
In fluid dynamics, a wake may either be.
The Wekiva River (sometimes spelled Wekiwa, a Creek word meaning "spring of water") is a river in Central Florida, north of Orlando in the United States.
The West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) or "sea cow", also known as American manatee, is the largest surviving member of the aquatic mammal order Sirenia (which also includes the dugong and the extinct Steller's sea cow).
The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.
The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an upland ground bird native to North America and is the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes.
William Baldwin (29 March 1779 – 1 September 1819) was an American physician and botanist who is today remembered for his significant contributions to botany.
William Bartram (April 20, 1739 – July 22, 1823) was an American naturalist.
William Dunnington Bloxham (July 9, 1835 – March 15, 1911) was the 13th and 17th Governor of Florida in two non-consecutive terms.
William Selby Harney (August 22, 1800 – May 9, 1889) was a Tennessee-born cavalry officer in the U.S. Army, who became known (and controversial) during the Indian Wars and the Mexican-American War.
In fluid dynamics, wind waves, or wind-generated waves, are surface waves that occur on the free surface of bodies of water (like oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, canals, puddles or ponds).
The Windover Archeological Site is an Early Archaic (6000 to 5000 BC) archaeological site and National Historic Landmark in Brevard County near Titusville, Florida, USA, on the central east coast of the state.
The Wolof people are a West African ethnic group found in northwestern Senegal, The Gambia and southwestern coastal Mauritania.
The wood stork (Mycteria americana) is a large American wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae.
The Yamasee were a multiethnic confederation of Native Americans who lived in the coastal region of present-day northern coastal Georgia near the Savannah River and later in northeastern Florida.
The yellow-crowned night heron (Nyctanassa violacea), is one of two species of night herons found in the Americas, the other one being the black-crowned night heron.
Zephaniah Kingsley Jr. (December 4, 1765 – September 14, 1843) was a planter, slave trader, and merchant who built several plantations in the Spanish colony of Florida in what is now Jacksonville, Florida.
Zooplankton are heterotrophic (sometimes detritivorous) plankton.
River of May, Saint John's River, Saint Johns (river, FL), Saint Johns (river, Florida), Saint Johns River, Saint Johns River (United States), St Johns River, St. John's River, St. Johns River Valley, St. Johns River/infobox, St. Johns river, St. John’s River.