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St Matthew Passion

Index St Matthew Passion

The St Matthew Passion (Matthäus-Passion), BWV 244, is a Passion, a sacred oratorio written by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1727 for solo voices, double choir and double orchestra, with libretto by Picander. [1]

164 relations: Adam Reusner, Adolf Bernhard Marx, Adolf Martin Schlesinger, Albert, Duke of Prussia, Alto, Anselm of Canterbury, Apocalypse, Apostles, Aramaic language, Aria, Arioso, Bach Society, Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis, Barabbas, Barthold Heinrich Brockes, Bass (voice type), Befiehl du deine Wege, Berlin, Berlin Philharmonic, Bethany, Bible, Breitkopf & Härtel, Brockes Passion, Caiaphas, Calvary, Camilla Tilling, Cantor (Christianity), Cantus firmus, Carl Friedrich Zelter, Celia Applegate, Cello, Choir, Chorale, Christian Gerhaher, Christoph Wolff, Crucifixion, Da capo, Da capo aria, Diminished seventh, Dramatis personæ, Eduard Devrient, Elijah, Evangelist (Bach), Fanny Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn, Figured bass, Four-part harmony, George Balanchine, Gethsemane, Glossary of musical terminology, ..., Good Friday, Gospel of Matthew, Hamburg Ballet, Hanover Square Rooms, Harmony, Herzliebster Jesu, Homophony, Jerusalem, Jesus, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann von Rist, John Neumeier, Jonathan Miller, Joseph of Arimathea, Joshua Rifkin, Judas Iscariot, Judas Maccabeus, Köthen (Anhalt), Klagt, Kinder, klagt es aller Welt, BWV 244a, Lamb of God, Last Supper, Leipzig, Leonard Bernstein, Leopold Stokowski, Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, Libretto, Lindy Hume, Lute, Luther Bible, Lutheran chorale, Madrigal, Magdalena Kožená, Mark Padmore, Matthew the Apostle, Maundy Thursday, Modulation (music), Motet, Mount of Olives, Movement (music), Music Sales Group, NBC Opera Theatre, Netherlands Bach Society, New Bach Edition, Nikolaus Decius, O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig, O Mensch, bewein dein Sünde groß, O Sacred Head, Now Wounded, O Welt, sieh hier dein Leben, Obbligato, Oboe, Oboe d'amore, Oboe da caccia, Old Testament, Omnibus (U.S. TV series), Opera Queensland, Oratorio, Orchestra, Palm Sunday, Passion (music), Passion of Jesus, Passions (Bach), Passover, Passover Seder, Paul Gerhardt, Perth International Arts Festival, Peter Schreier, Peter Sellars, Philipp Spitta, Picander, Polyphony, Pontius Pilate, Pontius Pilate's wife, Queen's College, London, Recitative, Redemption (theology), Religious music, Resurrection of Jesus, Ripieno, Sacrilege, Saint Peter, Salomon Franck, Sara Macliver, SATB, Sayings of Jesus on the cross, Sebald Heyden, Simon of Cyrene, Simon Rattle, Sing-Akademie zu Berlin, Son of God, Song of Songs, Soprano, St John Passion, St. Peter, Leipzig, St. Thomas Church, Leipzig, Staccato, Temple in Jerusalem, Tenor, Ternary form, The Musical Quarterly, The Musical Times, Thomas Quasthoff, Thomaskantor, Tobias Cole, Topi Lehtipuu, Turba, Unison, Venetian polychoral style, Viol, Viola, Violin, Vox Christi, Western concert flute, William Sterndale Bennett, Yale University Press. Expand index (114 more) »

Adam Reusner

Adam Reusner, also Reissner or Reißner (c. 1496-1575 (some claim 1572 or 1582)) in Mindelheim) was a German mystic, hymn-writer and poet.

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Adolf Bernhard Marx

Friedrich Heinrich Adolf Bernhard Marx (15 March 1795, Halle – 17 May 1866, Berlin) was a German composer, musical theorist and critic.

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Adolf Martin Schlesinger

Adolf Martin Schlesinger (4 October 1769 – 11 October 1838) was a German music publisher whose firm became one of the most influential in Berlin in the early nineteenth century.

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Albert, Duke of Prussia

Albert of Prussia (Albrecht von Preussen, 17 May 149020 March 1568) was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first ruler of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights.

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Alto

The musical term alto, meaning "high" in Italian (Latin: altus), refers to the second highest part of a contrapuntal musical texture and is also applied to its associated vocal range, especially in choral music.

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Anselm of Canterbury

Anselm of Canterbury (1033/4-1109), also called (Anselmo d'Aosta) after his birthplace and (Anselme du Bec) after his monastery, was a Benedictine monk, abbot, philosopher and theologian of the Catholic Church, who held the office of archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109.

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Apocalypse

An apocalypse (Ancient Greek: ἀποκάλυψις apokálypsis, from ἀπό and καλύπτω, literally meaning "an uncovering") is a disclosure of knowledge or revelation.

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Apostles

In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.

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Aramaic language

Aramaic (אַרָמָיָא Arāmāyā, ܐܪܡܝܐ, آرامية) is a language or group of languages belonging to the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic language family.

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Aria

An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.

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Arioso

In classical music, arioso (also aria parlante) is a type of solo vocal piece, usually occurring in an opera or oratorio, falling somewhere between recitative and aria in style.

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Bach Society

The Bach Society was a musical organization in London from 1849 to 1870.

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Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis

The Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV; Bach-Works-Catalogue) is a catalogue of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach.

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Barabbas

Barabbas (ישוע בר אבא Bar ʾAbbaʾ, literally "son of the father") is a figure mentioned in the New Testament of the Bible, in which he is an insurrectionary held by the Roman governor at the same time as Jesus, and whom Pontius Pilate freed at the Passover feast in Jerusalem, while keeping Jesus as a prisoner.

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Barthold Heinrich Brockes

Barthold Heinrich Brockes (September 22, 1680 – January 16, 1747) was a German poet.

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Bass (voice type)

A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.

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Befiehl du deine Wege

"Befiehl du deine Wege" is a Lutheran hymn by Paul Gerhardt.

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Berlin

Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Berlin Philharmonic

The Berlin Philharmonic (Berliner Philharmoniker) is a German orchestra based in Berlin.

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Bethany

Bethany (Βηθανία) is recorded in the New Testament as the home of the siblings Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, as well as that of Simon the Leper.

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Bible

The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

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Breitkopf & Härtel

Breitkopf & Härtel is the world's oldest music publishing house.

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Brockes Passion

The Brockes Passion, or Der für die Sünde der Welt gemarterte und sterbende Jesus (title in English: The Story of Jesus, Suffering and Dying for the Sins of the World), is a German oratorio libretto by Barthold Heinrich Brockes, first published in 1712 and going through 30 or so editions in the next 15 years.

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Caiaphas

Joseph Caiaphas, known simply as Caiaphas (Καϊάφας) in the New Testament, was the Jewish high priest who organized the plot to kill Jesus.

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Calvary

Calvary, or Golgotha (Biblical Greek Γολγοθᾶ Golgotha, traditionally interpreted as reflecting Syriac (Aramaic) golgolta, as it were Hebrew gulgōleṯ "skull" Strong's Concordance.), was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified.

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Camilla Tilling

Camilla Tilling (born 1971) is a Swedish soprano in opera and concert.

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Cantor (Christianity)

In Christianity, the cantor, sometimes called the precentor or the protopsaltes (from) is the chief singer, and usually instructor, employed at a church, a cathedral or monastery with responsibilities for the ecclesiastical choir and the preparation of liturgy.

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Cantus firmus

In music, a cantus firmus ("fixed song") is a pre-existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition.

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Carl Friedrich Zelter

Carl Friedrich Zelter (11 December 1758 15 May 1832)Grove/Fuller-Maitland, 1910.

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Celia Applegate

Celia Stewart Applegate is professor and William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of History and Affiliate Faculty of Musicology and Ethnomusicology at the Blair School of Music, both at Vanderbilt University.

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Cello

The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.

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Choir

A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.

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Chorale

Chorale is the name of several related musical forms originating in the music genre of the Lutheran chorale.

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Christian Gerhaher

Christian Gerhaher (born July 24, 1969, in Straubing) is a German baritone and bass singer in opera and concert, particularly known as a Lieder singer.

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Christoph Wolff

Christoph Wolff (born May 24, 1940) is a German-born musicologist.

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Crucifixion

Crucifixion is a method of capital punishment in which the victim is tied or nailed to a large wooden beam and left to hang for several days until eventual death from exhaustion and asphyxiation.

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Da capo

Da capo,, is an Italian musical term that means "from the beginning" (literally, "from the head").

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Da capo aria

The da capo aria is a musical form for arias that was prevalent in the Baroque era.

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Diminished seventh

In classical music from Western culture, a diminished seventh is an interval produced by narrowing a minor seventh by a chromatic semitone.

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Dramatis personæ

Dramatis personæ (Latin: "the masks of the drama") are the main characters in a dramatic work written in a list.

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Eduard Devrient

(Philipp) Eduard Devrient (11 August 18014 October 1877) was a German baritone, librettist, playwright, actor, theatre director, and theatre reformer and historian.

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Elijah

Elijah (meaning "My God is Yahu/Jah") or latinized form Elias (Ἡλίας, Elías; ܐܸܠܝܼܵܐ, Elyāe; Arabic: إلياس or إليا, Ilyās or Ilyā) was, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible, a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of King Ahab (9th century BC).

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Evangelist (Bach)

The Evangelist in the music of Johann Sebastian Bach is the tenor part in his oratorios and Passions who narrates the exact words of the Bible, translated by Martin Luther, in recitative secco.

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Fanny Mendelssohn

Fanny Mendelssohn (14 November 1805 – 14 May 1847), later Fanny Mendelssohn Bartholdy and, after her marriage, Fanny Hensel, was a German pianist and composer.

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Felix Mendelssohn

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.

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Figured bass

Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.

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Four-part harmony

The term "four-part harmony" refers to music written for four voices or for some other musical medium—four musical instruments or a single keyboard instrument, for example—where the various musical parts can give a different note for each chord of the music.

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George Balanchine

George Balanchine (born Georgiy Melitonovich Balanchivadze; January 22, 1904April 30, 1983) was a choreographer.

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Gethsemane

Gethsemane (Γεθσημανή, Gethsemane; גת שמנים, Gat Shmanim; ܓܕܣܡܢ, Gaḏ Šmānê, lit. "oil press") is an urban garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, most famous as the place where Jesus prayed and his disciples slept the night before His crucifixion; i.e. the site recorded as where the agony in the garden took place.

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Glossary of musical terminology

This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes.

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Good Friday

Good Friday is a Christian holiday celebrating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary.

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Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel According to Matthew (translit; also called the Gospel of Matthew or simply, Matthew) is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels.

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Hamburg Ballet

The Hamburg Ballet is an internationally acclaimed ballet company based in Hamburg, Germany.

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Hanover Square Rooms

The Hanover Square Rooms or the Queen's Concert Rooms were assembly rooms established, principally for musical performances, on the corner of Hanover Square, London, by Sir John Gallini in partnership with Johann Christian Bach and Carl Friedrich Abel in 1774.

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Harmony

In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.

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Herzliebster Jesu

"Herzliebster Jesu" (often translated into English as "Ah, Holy Jesus", sometimes as "O Dearest Jesus") is a German hymn for Passiontide, written in 1630 by Johann Heermann, in 15 stanzas of 4 lines, first published in Devoti Musica Cordis in Breslau.

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Homophony

In music, homophony (Greek: ὁμόφωνος, homóphōnos, from ὁμός, homós, "same" and φωνή, phōnē, "sound, tone") is a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.

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Jerusalem

Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

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Jesus

Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.

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Johann von Rist

Johann von Rist (8 March 1607 – 31 August 1667) was a German poet and dramatist best known for the hymns he wrote.

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John Neumeier

John Neumeier (born 24 February 1942) is an American ballet dancer, choreographer, and director.

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Jonathan Miller

Sir Jonathan Wolfe Miller, CBE (born 21 July 1934) is an English theatre and opera director, actor, author, television presenter, humourist, and medical doctor.

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Joseph of Arimathea

Joseph of Arimathea was, according to all four canonical Christian Gospels, the man who assumed responsibility for the burial of Jesus after his crucifixion.

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Joshua Rifkin

Joshua Rifkin (born April 22, 1944 in New York) is an American conductor, keyboard player, and musicologist, and is currently a Professor of Music at Boston University.

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Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot (died AD) was a disciple and one of the original Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ.

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Judas Maccabeus

Judah Maccabee (or Judas Maccabeus, also spelled Machabeus, or Maccabaeus, Hebrew: יהודה המכבי, Yehudah ha-Makabi) was a Jewish priest (kohen) and a son of the priest Mattathias.

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Köthen (Anhalt)

Köthen (Anhalt) is a city in Germany.

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Klagt, Kinder, klagt es aller Welt, BWV 244a

Klagt, Kinder, klagt es aller Welt (Cry, children, cry to all the world), also called Köthener Trauermusik (Köthen funeral music), BWV 244a, is a cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach.

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Lamb of God

Lamb of God (Ἀμνὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ, Amnos tou Theou; Agnus Deī) is a title for Jesus that appears in the Gospel of John.

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Last Supper

The Last Supper is the final meal that, in the Gospel accounts, Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion.

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Leipzig

Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.

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Leonard Bernstein

Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist.

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Leopold Stokowski

Leopold Anthony Stokowski (18 April 188213 September 1977) was an English conductor of Polish and Irish descent.

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Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen

Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen (29 November 1694 – 19 November 1728) was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.

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Libretto

A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.

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Lindy Hume

Lindy Hume is an Australian opera and festival director, who has worked throughout Australia and internationally.

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Lute

A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.

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Luther Bible

The Luther Bible (Lutherbibel) is a German language Bible translation from Hebrew and ancient Greek by Martin Luther.

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Lutheran chorale

A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service.

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Madrigal

A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras.

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Magdalena Kožená

Magdalena Kožená (also Lady Rattle;; born 26 May 1973) is a Czech mezzo-soprano.

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Mark Padmore

Mark Padmore is a British tenor appearing in concerts, recitals, and opera.

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Matthew the Apostle

Matthew the Apostle (מַתִּתְיָהוּ Mattityahu or Mattay, "Gift of YHVH"; Ματθαῖος; ⲙⲁⲧⲑⲉⲟⲥ, Matthaios; also known as Saint Matthew and as Levi) was, according to the Christian Bible, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and, according to Christian tradition, one of the four Evangelists.

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Maundy Thursday

Maundy Thursday (also known as Holy Thursday, Covenant Thursday, Great and Holy Thursday, Sheer Thursday, and Thursday of Mysteries, among other names) is the Christian holy day falling on the Thursday before Easter.

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Modulation (music)

In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another.

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Motet

In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present.

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Mount of Olives

The Mount of Olives or Mount Olivet (הַר הַזֵּיתִים, Har ha-Zeitim; جبل الزيتون, الطور, Jabal al-Zaytun, Al-Tur) is a mountain ridge east of and adjacent to Jerusalem's Old City.

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Movement (music)

A movement is a self-contained part of a musical composition or musical form.

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Music Sales Group

Music Sales Group is a global music publisher, with headquarters in Berners Street, London.

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NBC Opera Theatre

The NBC Opera Theatre (sometimes mistakenly spelled NBC Opera Theater and sometimes referred to as the NBC Opera Company) was an American opera company operated by the National Broadcasting Company from 1949 to 1964.

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Netherlands Bach Society

The Netherlands Bach Society (De Nederlandse Bachvereniging) is the oldest ensemble for Baroque music in the Netherlands, and possibly in the world.

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New Bach Edition

The New Bach Edition (NBE), in German Neue Bach-Ausgabe (NBA), is the second complete edition of the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, published by Bärenreiter.

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Nikolaus Decius

Nikolaus Decius (also Degius, Deeg, Tech a Curia, and Nickel von Hof; c. 1485 – 21 March 1541 (others say 1546) was a German monk, hymn-writer, Protestant reformer and composer. He was probably born in Hof in Upper Franconia, Bavaria, around 1485. He studied at the University of Leipzig and obtained a master's degree at Wittenburg University in 1523 and became a monk. Although a monk, he was an advocate of the Protestant Reformation and a disciple of Martin Luther. He was Probst of the cloister at Steterburg from 1519 until July 1522 when he was appointed a master in the St. Katherine and Egidien School in Braunschweig. He wrote in 1523 "Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr", a German paraphrase of the Latin Gloria, adapted by Luther in 1525. Decius's version was first sung on Easter Day at Braunschweig on 5 April 1523. Decius's Low German version first appeared in print in Gesang Buch by Joachim Sluter, printed in 1525. In 1526, Decius became preacher at the Church of St. Nicholas in Stettin at the same time as Paulus von Rhode was appointed preacher at St. James's in Stettin. In 1535 he became pastor of St. Nicholas and died there in March 1541 after a suspected poisoning. Shortly before his death he wrote the hymn "O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig" (O Lamb of God, innocent) sung on a tune from the 13th century. Decius's version was first published in Anton Cornivus's Christliche Kirchen-Ordnung in 1542. Johann Sebastian Bach used it as a cantus firmus in the opening chorus of his St Matthew Passion. It was translated into English by Arthur Tozer Russell in the 19th century.

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O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig

"O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig" (O Lamb of God, innocent) is an early Lutheran hymn, with text and melody attributed to Nikolaus Decius.

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O Mensch, bewein dein Sünde groß

"italic" (O man, bewail thy sins so great) is a Lutheran Passion hymn with a text written by Sebald Heyden in 1530.

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O Sacred Head, Now Wounded

Paul Gerhardt "O Sacred Head, Now Wounded" is a Christian Passion hymn based on a Latin text written during the Middle Ages.

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O Welt, sieh hier dein Leben

"" (literally: O world, see here your life) is a Lutheran hymn in German by Paul Gerhardt.

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Obbligato

In Western classical music, obbligato (also spelled obligato) usually describes a musical line that is in some way indispensable in performance.

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Oboe

Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.

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Oboe d'amore

The (Italian for "oboe of love"), less commonly, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the oboe family.

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Oboe da caccia

The oboe da caccia (literally "hunting oboe" in Italian), also sometimes referred to as an oboe da silva, is a double reed woodwind instrument in the oboe family, pitched a fifth below the oboe and used primarily in the Baroque period of European classical music.

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Old Testament

The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.

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Omnibus (U.S. TV series)

Omnibus is an American, commercially sponsored, educational television series.

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Opera Queensland

Opera Queensland is an opera company based in Brisbane, Queensland.

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Oratorio

An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.

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Orchestra

An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.

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Palm Sunday

Palm Sunday is a Christian moveable feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter.

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Passion (music)

In Christian music, a Passion is a setting of the Passion of Christ.

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Passion of Jesus

In Christianity, the Passion (from Late Latin: passionem "suffering, enduring") is the short final period in the life of Jesus covering his entrance visit to Jerusalem and leading to his crucifixion on Mount Calvary, defining the climactic event central to Christian doctrine of salvation history.

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Passions (Bach)

As Thomaskantor Johann Sebastian Bach provided Passion music for Good Friday services in Leipzig.

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Passover

Passover or Pesach (from Hebrew Pesah, Pesakh) is a major, biblically derived Jewish holiday.

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Passover Seder

The Passover Seder (סֵדֶר 'order, arrangement'; סדר seyder) is a Jewish ritual feast that marks the beginning of the Jewish holiday of Passover.

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Paul Gerhardt

Paul Gerhardt (12 March 1607 – 27 May 1676) was a German theologian, Lutheran minister and hymnodist.

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Perth International Arts Festival

The Perth Festival (previously Perth International Arts Festival) is Australia's longest running cultural festival, held annually in Western Australia.

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Peter Schreier

Peter Schreier (born 29 July 1935) is a German tenor and conductor.

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Peter Sellars

Peter Sellars (born 27 September, 1957) is an American theatre director, noted for his unique contemporary stagings of classical and contemporary operas and plays.

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Philipp Spitta

Julius August Philipp Spitta (27 December 1841 – 13 April 1894) was a German music historian and musicologist best known for his 1873 biography of Johann Sebastian Bach.

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Picander

Christian Friedrich Henrici (January 14, 1700 – May 10, 1764), writing under the pen name Picander, was a German poet and librettist for many of the cantatas which Johann Sebastian Bach composed in Leipzig.

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Polyphony

In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.

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Pontius Pilate

Pontius Pilate (Latin: Pontius Pīlātus, Πόντιος Πιλάτος, Pontios Pilatos) was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea, serving under Emperor Tiberius from AD 26 to 36.

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Pontius Pilate's wife

Pontius Pilate's wife, otherwise unnamed in the Bible, appears in a single verse of the Gospel of Matthew, where she tries to persuade her husband not to condemn Jesus to death.

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Queen's College, London

Queen's College is an independent school for girls aged 11–18 with an adjoining prep school for girls aged 4–11 in the City of Westminster, London.

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Recitative

Recitative (also known by its Italian name "recitativo") is a style of delivery (much used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas) in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech.

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Redemption (theology)

Redemption is an essential concept in many religions, including Judaism and Christianity.

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Religious music

Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence.

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Resurrection of Jesus

The resurrection of Jesus or resurrection of Christ is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead: as the Nicene Creed expresses it, "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures".

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Ripieno

The ripieno (Italian for "stuffing" or "padding") is the bulk of instrumental parts of a musical ensemble who do not play as soloists, especially in Baroque music.

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Sacrilege

Sacrilege is the violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object or person.

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Saint Peter

Saint Peter (Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa; שמעון בר יונה; Petros; Petros; Petrus; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Great Church.

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Salomon Franck

Salomon (also Salomo) Franck, 6 March 1659 – 11 July 1725), was a German lawyer, scientist, and poet. Franck was working at Weimar at the same time as the composer Johann Sebastian Bach and he was the librettist of some of the best-known Bach cantatas.

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Sara Macliver

Sara Macliver is an Australian soprano singer, born and raised in Perth, Western Australia.

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SATB

In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voice types required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work.

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Sayings of Jesus on the cross

The Sayings of Jesus on the cross (also called the Seven Last Words from the Cross) are seven expressions biblically attributed to Jesus during his crucifixion.

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Sebald Heyden

Sebald Heyden (8 December 1499 – 9 July 1561) was a German musicologist, cantor, theologian, hymn-writer and religious poet.

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Simon of Cyrene

Simon of Cyrene ("Hearkening; listening", Standard Hebrew Šimʿon, Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn;, Simōn Kyrēnaios) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels.

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Simon Rattle

Sir Simon Denis Rattle (born 19 January 1955) is an English conductor.

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Sing-Akademie zu Berlin

The Sing-Akademie zu Berlin, also known as the Berliner Singakademie, is a musical (originally choral) society founded in Berlin in 1791 by Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, harpsichordist to the court of Prussia, on the model of the 18th-century London Academy of Ancient Music.

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Son of God

Historically, many rulers have assumed titles such as son of God, son of a god or son of heaven.

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Song of Songs

The Song of Songs, also Song of Solomon or Canticles (Hebrew:, Šîr HašŠîrîm, Greek: ᾎσμα ᾎσμάτων, asma asmaton, both meaning Song of Songs), is one of the megillot (scrolls) found in the last section of the Tanakh, known as the Ketuvim (or "Writings"), and a book of the Old Testament.

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Soprano

A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.

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St John Passion

The Passio secundum Joannem or St John Passion (Johannes-Passion), BWV 245, is a Passion or oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach, the older of the surviving Passions by Bach.

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St. Peter, Leipzig

Old St.

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St. Thomas Church, Leipzig

St.

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Staccato

Staccato (Italian for "detached") is a form of musical articulation.

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Temple in Jerusalem

The Temple in Jerusalem was any of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque.

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Tenor

Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.

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Ternary form

Ternary form, sometimes called song form, is a three-part musical form where the first section (A) is repeated after the second section (B) ends.

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The Musical Quarterly

The Musical Quarterly is the oldest academic journal on music in America.

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The Musical Times

The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.

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Thomas Quasthoff

Thomas Quasthoff (born November 9, 1959) is a German bass-baritone.

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Thomaskantor

Thomaskantor (Cantor at St. Thomas) is the common name for the musical director of the Thomanerchor, now an internationally known boys' choir founded in Leipzig in 1212.

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Tobias Cole

Tobias Martin Piers Trevor Cole (born 7 August 1971) is an Australian countertenor and leading artist with Opera Australia.

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Topi Lehtipuu

Topi Lehtipuu (born 24 March 1971 in Brisbane, Australia) is a Finnish operatic tenor.

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Turba

Turba is a word used in Latin and Arabic languages.

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Unison

In music, unison is two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time.

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Venetian polychoral style

The Venetian polychoral style was a type of music of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras which involved spatially separate choirs singing in alternation.

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Viol

The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.

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Viola

The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.

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Violin

The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.

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Vox Christi

Vox Christi, Latin for Voice of Christ, is a setting of Jesus' words in a vocal work such as a Passion, an Oratorium or a Cantata.

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Western concert flute

The Western concert flute is a transverse (side-blown) woodwind instrument made of metal or wood.

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William Sterndale Bennett

Sir William Sterndale Bennett (13 April 18161 February 1875) was an English composer, pianist, conductor and music educator.

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Yale University Press

Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

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Redirects here:

BWV 244, BWV 244b, Matthaeus Passion, Matthaeus passion, Matthaeus-Passion, Matthaeuspassion, Matthaupassion, Matthaus Passion, Matthaus-Passion, Matthauspassion, Mattheus Passion, Matthew Passion, Matthew Passion/NBA BWV table, Matthäus Passion, Matthäus-Passion, Matthäuspassion, Passio Domini nostri J.C. secundum Evangelistam Matthæum, Passio domini nostri j.c secundum evangelista matthaeus, Passion According to St. Matthew, Passion according to St. Matthew, St Matthew Passion (Bach), St Matthew Passion numbering, St matthew's passion, St. Matthew Passion, St. Matthew Passion (Bach), St. Matthew's Passion, St. matthew's passion, The Passion According To St. Matthew, The Passion According to St. Matthew, The Saint Matthew Passion.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Matthew_Passion

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