378 relations: Aberdeen Railway, Aceh, Addis Ababa Light Rail, Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway, Airport Rail Link (Bangkok), Albania, Algeria, Algiers Metro, Algiers tramway, Almada, Ampang and Sri Petaling lines, Arbroath and Forfar Railway, Arequipa, Austrian Federal Railways, AVE, Axle track, České dráhy, Željeznički prevoz Crne Gore, Banedanmark, Bangladesh, Barcelona Metro, Barcelona Metro line 2, Barcelona Metro line 3, Barcelona Metro line 4, Barcelona Metro line 5, Barcelona–Vallès Line, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Beamish, County Durham, Bendigo Advertiser, BHÉV, Birmingham and Gloucester Railway, BLS AG, Bogotá Metro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botoșani, Braga, Brăila, Broad-gauge railway, Brussels Metro, BTS Skytrain, Bucharest, Bucharest Metro, Budapest, Budapest Cog-wheel Railway, Budapest Metro, Buenos Aires Underground, Bulgaria, Bulgarian State Railways, Căile Ferate Române, Chariot, ..., Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway, Chennai Metro, Chester and Birkenhead Railway, Cluj-Napoca, Coal mining, Colombia, Constantine tramway, Copenhagen Metro, County Durham, Craiova, Croatia, Croatian Railways, Cuba, Czech Republic, Debrecen, Decauville, Delhi Metro, Deutsche Bahn, Dhaka Metro Rail, Djibouti, Draft horse, Dual gauge, Dublin, Dundee and Arbroath Railway, Dundee and Newtyle Railway, Durham, England, East Rail line, Eastern Counties Railway, Egypt, Egyptian National Railways, Estrada de Ferro do Amapá, Ethiopia, Exo (public transit), F&W Media International, Ferrocarril Económico Correntino, Ferrocarriles de Cuba, Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane, Ffestiniog Railway, Fukuoka City Subway, Funicular, G:link, Galați, Gauge War, Gauteng, Gautrain, General Manuel Belgrano Railway, General Urquiza Railway, George Stephenson, Glenelg tram, GO Transit, Gothenburg tram network, Grand Junction Railway, Great Western Railway, Hankyu, Hanoi, Hanshin Electric Railway, Hellenic Railways Organisation, Hetton, Hetton colliery railway, Higashiyama Line, High-speed rail, High-speed rail in Europe, High-speed rail in Portugal, High-speed rail in Russia, High-speed rail in Uzbekistan, Hokkaido Railway Company, Horsecar, Hungarian State Railways, Hyderabad Metro, Imperial and US customary measurement systems, Indian Railways, Indonesia, International Union of Railways, Iran, Iraq, Iraqi Republic Railways, Islamic Republic of Iran Railways, Israel, Israel Railways, Jablonec nad Nisou, Jaipur Metro, Jerusalem Light Rail, John Blenkinsop, Kaliningrad, Kaohsiung Rapid Transit System, Kaunas, Keihan Electric Railway, Keihanna Line, Keikyu, Keisei Main Line, Kelana Jaya line, Kenya, Killingworth, Kintetsu Railway, Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway, KLIA Ekspres, Kobe Municipal Subway, Kochi Metro, Kolkata Metro, Kolkata Metro Line 2, Korea Rail Network Authority, Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation, Kowloon–Canton Railway, Kuala Lumpur–Singapore high-speed rail, Kyoto Line (Kintetsu), Kyoto Municipal Subway, Lagos Rail Mass Transit, Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway, Lahore Metro, Lebanon, Length, Liberec, Libya, Light rail, Light Rail (MTR), Line 4 (São Paulo Metro), Line 5 (São Paulo Metro), Line 5 Eglinton, Lisbon Metro, List of Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya lines, Lithuania, Liverpool and Manchester Railway, London and Birmingham Railway, London and Blackwall Railway, London and Brighton Railway, London and Southampton Railway, Luas, Lucknow Metro, Luxembourg, Ma On Shan line, Madrid Metro, Makedonski Železnici, Malaysia, Manchester and Birmingham Railway, Manchester and Leeds Railway, Manila Light Rail Transit System, Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1, Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2, Manila Metro Rail Transit System, Marmaray, Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore), Medellín Metro, Meijō Line, Meikō Line, Metro Transportes do Sul, Metrotranvía Mendoza, Middleton Railway, Miskolc, Mombasa–Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway, Monaco, Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway, Montenegro, Morocco, Mount Washington (New Hampshire), Mount 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transport in Norway, Rail transport in Paraguay, Rail transport in the United Arab Emirates, Rail transport in Uruguay, Rail transportation in the United States, Railway Procurement Agency, Railway Regulation (Gauge) Act 1846, Railways of Slovak Republic, Railways of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rapid KL, Rapid Metro Gurgaon, RATP Group, Republic of Macedonia, Republika Srpska Railways, Rigi Railways, Rio de Janeiro Light Rail, Robert Stephenson, Roman Empire, Romania, Rostov-on-Don, Royal Commission, Royal Commission on Railway Gauges, Saint-Étienne–Lyon railway, Salvador Metro, Sarajevo, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Railways Organization, São Paulo Metro, Scotland, Semmering railway, Sendai Subway, Sendai Subway Tōzai Line, Serbia, Serbian Railways, Shildon, Shinkansen, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Slovenian Railways, SNCF, Snopes.com, Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois, South Africa, South Eastern Railway, UK, South Korea, Southern United States, Springwell Village, Standard Gauge (toy trains), Stockholm metro, Stockton and Darlington Railway, Stockton-on-Tees, Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, Sungai Buloh–Kajang MRT line, Sungai Buloh–Serdang–Putrajaya MRT line, Swedish Transport Administration, Swiss Federal Railways, Sydney Metro, Syria, Syrian Railways, Szeged, Taipei Metro, Taiwan, Taiwan High Speed Rail, Thailand, The Sydney Morning Herald, The Worker (Brisbane), Timișoara, Toei Asakusa Line, Toei Ōedo Line, Tokyo Metro, Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line, Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, Toronto Transit Commission, Townsville Bulletin, Track gauge, Track gauge conversion, Track gauge in Hong Kong, Track gauge in the United States, Train on Train, TrainOSE, Tram, Trams in Dresden, Trams in Kolkata, Trams in Melbourne, Trams in Norrköping, Trams in Nuremberg, Trams in Stockholm, Trans-Sulawesi Railway, Tren de la Costa, Tunisia, Turkish State Railways, Union Pearson Express, United Arab Emirates, United 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The Aberdeen Railway was a Scottish railway company which built a line from Aberdeen to Forfar and Arbroath, partly by leasing and upgrading an existing railway.
Aceh; (Acehnese: Acèh; Jawoë:; Dutch: Atjeh or Aceh) is a province of Indonesia.
Addis Ababa Light Rail (Amharic: የአዲስ አበባ ቀላል ባቡር) is a light rail transportation system in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway is a new standard gauge international railway that serves as the backbone of the new Ethiopian National Railway Network.
The Airport Rail Link (ARL) (รถไฟฟ้าเชื่อมท่าอากาศยานสุวรรณภูมิ Rt̄hfịf̂ā cheụ̄̀xm th̀āxākāṣ̄yān s̄uwrrṇp̣hūmi) is an express and commuter rail in Bangkok, Thailand.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
The Algiers Metro (مترو الجزائر العاصمة, Métro d'Alger), serving Algiers, the capital of Algeria, is a transport project dating from the 1970s that was designed to address the need for mass transport caused by the city's growth.
The Algiers Tramway (ترامواي الجزائر العاصمة, Tramwāy al-Jazā'ir al-`Āṣimah, "Algiers Capital Tramway") is a tram system which commenced service on May 8, 2011 on part of the yet to be fully completed line in the Algerian capital, Algiers.
Almada is a city and a municipality in Portugal, located on the southern margin of the Tagus River, on the opposite side of the river from Lisbon.
The LRT Ampang line and the LRT Sri Petaling line are the third and fourth rapid transit lines in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The combined network comprises 45.1 kilometres of track (28.0 miles) with 36 stations, and is the first to use the standard gauge track and semi-automated trains in Klang Valley. A trip from one end to another takes 41 minutes on the Ampang line, and 74 minutes on the Sri Petaling line. The Ampang line is named after its terminus, Ampang station, while the Sri Petaling Line is named after its former terminus, Sri Petaling station. The Ampang and Sri Petaling lines form part of the '''Greater KL/Klang Valley Integrated Transit System''', numbered and, and are coloured Orange and Maroon on the rail map respectively.
The Arbroath and Forfar Railway was a railway that connected Forfar with the port town of Arbroath, in Scotland.
Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the Arequipa Region and the seat of the Constitutional Court of Peru.
The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways.
Alta Velocidad Española (AVE) is a service of high-speed rail in Spain operated by Renfe, the Spanish national railway company, at speeds of up to.
The axle track in automobiles and other wheeled vehicles which have two or more wheels on an axle, is the distance between the centerline of two roadwheels on the same axle.
České dráhy, often shortened to ČD (English: Czech Railways), is the main railway operator in the Czech Republic providing regional and long-distance services.
Željeznički prevoz Crne Gore (ŽPCG) (Cyrillic: Жељезнички превоз Црне Горе; English: Railway transport of Montenegro) is a joint-stock company that handles passenger transport within Montenegro, as well as operation of the Montenegrin rolling stock.
Banedanmark (previously Banestyrelsen) is a Danish company responsible for maintenance and traffic control of most of the Danish railway network.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
The Barcelona Metro (Catalan and Spanish: Metro de Barcelona) is an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the city's suburbs.
Line 2 is a metro line in Barcelona operated by TMB, coloured purple and sometimes called línia lila.
— Line 3, currently known as Zona Universitària – Trinitat Nova, coloured green and often simply referred to as Línia verda ("Green line"), is a metro line in Barcelona operated by TMB, and therefore part of the fare-integrated ATM transport network of the urban region.
— Line 4, also known as Trinitat Nova – La Pau, usually called "línia groga" (yellow line), is a line in the Barcelona Metro network operated by TMB, and part of the ATM fare-integrated transport network.
— Line 5, currently known as Cornellà Centre - Vall d'Hebron, its termini, and often called "Línia Blava" (Blue line), is line belonging to the Barcelona Metro network operated by TMB, and part of the ATM fare-integrated transport network.
The Barcelona–Vallès Line (Línia Barcelona-Vallès) is an unconnected standard gauge railway line linking Barcelona with Sabadell and Terrassa via the Collserola mountain range, in Catalonia, Spain.
Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), is a rapid transit public transportation system serving the San Francisco Bay Area in California.
Beamish, previously named 'Pit Hill', is a village in County Durham, England, situated to the north east of Stanley.
The Bendigo Advertiser (commonly referred to as The Addy) is the daily (Monday–Saturday) newspaper for Bendigo, Victoria and its surrounding region.
BHÉV (Budapesti Helyiérdekű Vasút, "Budapest Railway of Local Interest") is a system of four commuter rail lines (Szentendre HÉV, Gödöllő HÉV, Csömör HÉV and Ráckeve HÉV) and rapid transit (Csepel HÉV and Békásmegyer HÉV (part of the Szentendre HÉV)) lines in and around Budapest, Hungary.
The Birmingham and Gloucester Railway was a railway route linking the cities in its name; it opened in stages in 1840, using a terminus at Camp Hill in Birmingham.
BLS AG is a Swiss railway company created by the 2006 merger of BLS Lötschbergbahn and Regionalverkehr Mittelland AG.
The Bogotá Metro (Metro de Bogotá) is a proposed rapid transit line in Bogotá, Colombia that is currently projected to be in operation in 2024.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Botoșani (Botosány, Botoszany, Botoschan) is the capital city of Botoșani County, in the northern part of Moldavia, Romania.
Braga (Bracara) is a city and a municipality in the northwestern Portuguese district of Braga, in the historical and cultural Minho Province.
Brăila (Βράιλα; Turkish: İbrail) is a city in Muntenia, eastern Romania, a port on the Danube and the capital of Brăila County.
A broad-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge broader than the standard-gauge railways.
The Brussels Metro (Métro de Bruxelles, Brusselse metro) is a rapid transit system serving a large part of the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.
The Bangkok Mass Transit System, commonly known as the BTS or the Skytrain (รถไฟฟ้า), is an elevated rapid transit system in Bangkok, Thailand.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
The Bucharest Metro (Metroul București) is an underground rapid transit system that serves the capital of Romania, Bucharest.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
The Budapest Cog-wheel Railway, officially called Tram line number 60, is a rack railway running in Budapest, Hungary.
The Budapest Metro (Budapesti metró) is the rapid transit system in the Hungarian capital Budapest.
The Buenos Aires Underground (Subterráneo de Buenos Aires), locally known as Subte (from subterráneo – 'underground' or 'subterranean'), is a mass transit metro system that serves the area of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Bulgarian State Railways (Български държавни железници, Balgarski darzhavni zheleznitsi, abbreviated as БДЖ, BDZ or BDŽ) are Bulgaria's state railway company and the largest railway carrier in the country, established as an entity in 1885.
Căile Ferate Române (abbreviated as the CFR) is the state railway carrier of Romania.
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
The Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway was a railway company intended to link Cheltenham, Gloucester and Swindon, in England.
The Chennai Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
The Chester and Birkenhead Railway ran from Birkenhead to Chester, opened on 23 September 1840.
Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg; Kolozsvár,; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Constantine Trams is a tramway system which has been under construction in Constantine, Algeria, Algeria, since 2007.
The Copenhagen Metro (Københavns Metro) is a 24/7 rapid transit system in Copenhagen, Denmark, serving the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, and Tårnby.
County Durham (locally) is a county in North East England.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Croatian Railways (Hrvatske željeznice, HŽ) is the national railway company of Croatia.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Debrecen is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest.
Decauville was a manufacturing company was founded by Paul Decauville (1846–1922), a French pioneer in industrial railways.
The Delhi Metro is a metro system serving Delhi and its satellite cities of Faridabad, Gurgaon, Bahadurgarh, Noida and Ghaziabad in the National Capital Region of India. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC), a state-owned company with equal equity participation from the Government of India and the Government of Delhi, built and operates the Delhi Metro. It is the second oldest metro in India after the Kolkata Metro. The Delhi Metro is the world's 10th longest metro system in length and 16th largest in ridership. A member of CoMET, the network consists of seven colour-coded regular lines and the faster Airport Express line, with a total length of serving 208 stations (including 6 on Airport Express line). The system has a mix of underground, at-grade, and elevated stations using both broad-gauge and standard-gauge. The power output is supplied by 25-kilovolt, 50-hertz alternating current through overhead catenary. The trains are usually of six and eight coaches length. DMRC operates over 3,000 trips daily, with first trains starting at around 05:00 and last at 23:30. In the financial year 2016–17, the Delhi Metro had an average daily ridership of 2.76 million passengers and served 100 crore (1.0 billion) riders in total during the year. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation was certified by the United Nations in 2011 as the first metro rail and rail-based system in the world to get "carbon credits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions" and helping in reducing pollution levels in the city by 630,000 tonnes every year. Planning for the metro started in 1984 when the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system for the city. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) was incorporated in May 1995, construction started in 1998, and the first section, on the Red Line, opened in 2002. The development of the network was divided into phases, Phase I containing 3 lines was completed by 2006, and Phase II in 2011. Phase III is scheduled for completion by 2018 (originally planned for 2016). The Rapid Metro Gurgaon which opened in 2013, whilst linked to Delhi Metro by the Yellow Line is a separate metro system (with a different owner/operator from the Delhi Metro), although tokens from the Delhi Metro can be used on its network.
Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.
The Dhaka Metro (ঢাকা মেট্রো) is an approved metro rail system under construction in Dhaka, the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
Djibouti (جيبوتي, Djibouti, Jabuuti, Gabuuti), officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
A draft horse (US), draught horse (UK and Commonwealth) or dray horse (from the Old English dragan meaning "to draw or haul"; compare Dutch dragen and German tragen meaning "to carry" and Danish drage meaning "to draw" or "to fare"), less often called a carthorse, work horse or heavy horse, is a large horse bred to be a working animal doing hard tasks such as plowing and other farm labor.
A dual gauge railway is a track that allows the passage of trains of two different track gauges.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The Dundee and Arbroath Railway was an early railway in Scotland.
The Dundee and Newtyle Railway opened in 1831 and was the first railway in the north of Scotland.
Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
The East Rail line is one of eleven railway lines of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong.
The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) was an English railway company incorporated in 1836 intended to link London with Ipswich via Colchester, and then extend to Norwich and Yarmouth.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Egyptian National Railways (ENR; السكك الحديدية المصرية Al-Sikak al-Ḥadīdiyyah al-Miṣriyyah) is the national railway of Egypt and managed by the parastatal Egyptian Railway Authority (ERA; الهيئة القومية لسكك حديد مصر Al-Haī'ah al-Qawmiyya li-Sikak Ḥadīd Miṣr, literally, "National Agency for Egypt's Railways").
The Amapa Railroad was built by Bethlehem Steel to exploit the manganese deposits in the territory of Amapá (now a state).
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Exo, formerly the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM; Metropolitan Transportation Network) is a public transit system in the Greater Montreal Region, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the North Shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and the South Shore of the St. Lawrence River.
F&W Media International Limited, formerly known as David & Charles Publishers (also styled as David and Charles), is a publisher of illustrated non-fiction books, eBooks, digital products, craft patterns and online education courses.
Ferrocarril Económico Correntino was the informal name for some former narrow gauge State-owned railway lines in Corrientes Province of Argentina that used a gauge of.
Ferrocarriles de Cuba (FCC) or Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Cuba (English: National Railway Company of Cuba), the only railway operating in the Caribbean islands, provides passenger and freight services for Cuba.
Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane S.p.A. (previously Ferrovie dello Stato, FS) (in English Italian State Railways) is a state-owned holding company that manages infrastructure and services on the Italian rail network.
The Ffestiniog Railway (Rheilffordd Ffestiniog) is a narrow-gauge heritage railway, located in Gwynedd, Wales.
The serves Fukuoka, Japan.
A funicular is one of the modes of transport, along with a cable railway and an inclined elevator, which uses a cable traction for movement on a steep slope.
G:link, also known as the Gold Coast Light Rail, is a light rail system serving the Gold Coast in Queensland, Australia.
Galați (also known by other alternative names) is the capital city of Galați County, in the historical region of Moldavia, eastern Romania.
The Gauge War (or Gauge Wars) was a figurative war of intense competition to control new territory, waged between expanding railway companies in Great Britain in the nineteenth century.
Gauteng, which means "place of gold", is one of the nine provinces of South Africa.
Gautrain is an commuter rail system in Gauteng, South Africa, which links Johannesburg, Pretoria, Ekhuruleni and O. R. Tambo International Airport.
The General Manuel Belgrano Railway (FCGMB) (Spanish: Ferrocarril General Manuel Belgrano), named after the Argentine politician and military leader Manuel Belgrano, is a railway and the longest of the Argentine system.
The General Urquiza Railway (FCGU) (in Spanish: Ferrocarril General Urquiza), named after the Argentine general and politician Justo José de Urquiza, is a standard gauge railway of Argentina which runs approximately northwards from Buenos Aires to Posadas, with several branches in between.
George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was a British civil engineer and mechanical engineer.
The Glenelg tram is a light rail line in South Australia running from Hindmarsh, through the Adelaide city centre, to the beach-side suburb of Glenelg.
GO Transit is a regional public transit system serving the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, Canada.
The Gothenburg tram network (Göteborgs spårvägar) is part of the public transport system organised by Göteborgs spårvägar, controlled by Västtrafik in the Swedish city of Gothenburg.
The Grand Junction Railway (GJR) was an early railway company in the United Kingdom, which existed between 1833 and 1846 when it was amalgamated with other railways to form the London and North Western Railway.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the south-west and west of England, the Midlands, and most of Wales.
is a Japanese private railway operator that provides commuter and interurban service to the northern Kansai region and is one of major businesses operated by Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
is a Japanese private railway company of Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group that links Osaka and Kobe.
The Hellenic Railways Organisation or OSE (italic or Ο.Σ.Ε.) is the Greek national railway company which owns, maintains and operates all railway infrastructure in Greece with the exception of Athens' rapid transit lines.
Hetton is a small Dales village in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, situated 5.75 miles north by B 6265 of Skipton.
The Hetton colliery railway was an long private railway opened in 1822 by the Hetton Coal Company at Hetton Lyons, County Durham, England.
| The is a subway line, which forms part of the Nagoya Municipal Subway system in Nagoya, Japan.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
High-speed rail is emerging in Europe as an increasingly popular and efficient means of transport.
In February 2009, the government of Portugal announced plans to build a high-speed rail line from Lisbon to Madrid; this plan was cancelled in March 2012.
High-speed rail is emerging in Russia as an increasingly popular means of transport.
High speed rail in Uzbekistan currently consists of 600 km of track and services using Talgo 250 equipment, branded Afrosiyob by operator Uzbekistan Railways, on upgraded conventional lines.
The is one of the constituent companies of the Japan Railways Group (JR Group), and is often referred to using its official abbreviation of.
A horsecar, or horse-drawn tram, is an animal-powered (usually horse) tram or streetcar.
Hungarian State Railways (Magyar Államvasutak, MÁV) is the Hungarian national railway company, with divisions "MÁV START Zrt." (passenger transport), "MÁV-Gépészet Zrt." (maintenance) and "MÁV-Trakció Zrt.". The "MÁV Cargo Zrt" (freight transport) was sold to Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) in 2007.
The Hyderabad Metro is a rapid transit system, serving the city of Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
The imperial and US customary systems of measurement are two closely inter-related systems of measurement both derived from earlier English system of measurement units which can be traced back to Ancient Roman units of measurement, and Carolingian and Saxon units of measure.
Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
The UIC (Union Internationale des Chemins de fer) or International Union of Railways is an international rail transport industry body.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Iraqi Republic Railways Company (IRR) (الشركة العامة لسكك الحديد العراقية) is the national railway operator in Iraq.
The Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (abbreviated IRIR or sometimes RAI) (Persian: Rāhāhane Jomhuriye Eslamiye Irān) is the national state-owned railway system of Iran.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Israel Railways corporation Ltd., dba Israel Railways (רַכֶּבֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Rakevet Yisra'el, خطوط السكك الحديدية الإسرائيلية) is the state-owned principal railway company responsible for all inter-city, commuter, and freight rail transport in Israel.
Jablonec nad Nisou (Gablonz an der Neiße), known locally as Jablonec, is a town in northern Bohemia, the second largest town of the Liberec Region. It is a mountain resort in the Jizera Mountains, and also a local centre for education, and is known for its glass and jewelery production. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.
Jaipur Metro is a rapid transit system in the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
The Jerusalem Light Rail (הרכבת הקלה בירושלים, HaRakevet HaKala Birushalayim) is a light rail system in Jerusalem.
John Blenkinsop (1783 – 22 January 1831) was an English mining engineer and an inventor of steam locomotives, who designed the first practical railway locomotive.
Kaliningrad (p; former German name: Königsberg; Yiddish: קעניגסבערג, Kenigsberg; r; Old Prussian: Twangste, Kunnegsgarbs, Knigsberg; Polish: Królewiec) is a city in the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.
Kaohsiung Rapid Transit System, is a rapid transit and light rail system covering the metropolitan area of Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Kaunas (also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.
is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures.
| The is a railway line operated by Kintetsu Railway.
(), also known as or, more recently,, is a private railroad that connects inner Tokyo to Kawasaki, Yokohama, Yokosuka and other points on the Miura Peninsula in Kanagawa Prefecture.
The is a railway line of Japanese private railway company Keisei Electric Railway connecting Tokyo and Narita, Japan.
The LRT Kelana Jaya line is the fifth rail transit line and the first fully automated and driverless rail system in the Klang Valley area and forms a part of the Greater KL/Klang Valley Integrated Transit System. Servicing 37 stations, the line has 46.4 km of grade-separated tracks running mostly on underground and elevated guideways. Formerly known as the PUTRA LRT, it is currently operated by Rapid Rail, a subsidiary of Prasarana Malaysia. It is named after its former terminus, Kelana Jaya station. The line is numbered and coloured Ruby on the official transit map.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Killingworth, formerly Killingworth Township, is a town north of Newcastle Upon Tyne, in North Tyneside, England.
, referred to as, is a Japanese passenger railway company, managing infrastructure and operating passenger train service.
is a railway operator in Osaka, Japan.
KLIA Ekspres is a non-stop airport rail link service in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, linking Kuala Lumpur Sentral (KL Sentral) with Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) and klia2.
is a subway system in Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.
Kochi Metro is a metro system serving the city of Kochi in Kerala, India.
The Kolkata Metro is a rapid transit system serving the Kolkata metropolitan area in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Line 2, also known as the East-West Corridor of the Kolkata Metro is a rapid transit system under construction which will connect Salt Lake in Kolkata with Howrah by going underneath the Hooghly River/Ganga in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Korea Rail Network Authority is a railroad construction and management company in South Korea formed by the merger of KNR Construction Headquarters and Korean Express Railroad Construction Corporation.
The Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC) was established in 1982 under the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation Ordinance for the purposes of operating the Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR), and to construct and operate other new railways.
The Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR) is a railway network in Hong Kong.
The Kuala Lumpur–Singapore high-speed rail (HSR) project is a postponed and much delayed scheme to link Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru with Singapore.
The is a Japanese railway line owned and operated by the Kintetsu Railway, a private railway operator.
is the metro network in the city of Kyoto, Japan.
Lagos Rail Mass Transit is an urban rail system being developed and under construction in Lagos.
The Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway is a planned standard gauge railway across Nigeria, from the Atlantic Ocean port of Lagos to Kano, near the Niger border.
Lahore Metro (لاہور میٹرو) is an automated rapid transit system under construction in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
In geometric measurements, length is the most extended dimension of an object.
Liberec (Reichenberg) is a city in the Czech Republic.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
The Light Rail, also known as the Light Rail Transit (LRT), is a light rail system in Hong Kong, serving the northwestern New Territories, within Tuen Mun District and Yuen Long District.
Line 4 (Yellow) (Linha 4-Amarela) is a line of the São Paulo Metro, originally called Southeast-Southwest Line.
Line 5 (Lilac) is a line of the São Paulo Metro.
Line 5 Eglinton, also known as the Eglinton Crosstown Line or the Crosstown, is a light rail line that is under construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Lisbon Metro (Metropolitano de Lisboa) is the metro (subway) system of Lisbon, Portugal.
This is a comprehensive list of all the lines operated by the Catalan government-owned Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya rail company, ordered by type.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England.
The London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) was an early railway company in the United Kingdom, existing from 1833 to 1846, when it became part of the London and North Western Railway (L&NWR).
Originally called the Commercial Railway, the London and Blackwall Railway (L&BR) in east London, England, ran from Minories to Blackwall via Stepney, with a branch line to the Isle of Dogs, connecting central London to many of London's docks.
The London and Brighton Railway (L&BR) was a railway company in England which was incorporated in 1837 and survived until 1846.
The London and Southampton Railway was an early railway company between London and Southampton, in England.
Luas (Irish pronunciation:; Irish for "speed") is a tram/light rail system in Dublin, Ireland.
Lucknow Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
The Ma On Shan line is a branch line of the MTR East Rail line in Hong Kong.
The Madrid Metro (Spanish: Metro de Madrid) is a metro system serving the city of Madrid, capital of Spain.
Makedonski Železnici (MŽ) (Македонски Железници, Macedonian Railways) is the public enterprise for railways in the Republic of Macedonia.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Manchester and Birmingham Railway was built between Manchester and Crewe and opened in stages from 1840.
The Manchester and Leeds Railway was a railway company in the United Kingdom which opened in 1839, connecting Manchester with Leeds via the North Midland Railway which it joined at Normanton.
The Manila Light Rail Transit System (Sistema ng Magaang Riles Panlulan ng Maynila), popularly and informally known as the LRT, is a metropolitan rail system serving the Metro Manila area in the Philippines.
The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 is the first metro line of the Manila Light Rail Transit System.
The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2, also known as LRT Line 2, LRT-2, or Megatren, is a rapid transit line in Metro Manila in the Philippines, generally running in an east-west direction along the Radial Road 6 and a portion of the Circumferential Road 1.
The Manila Metro Rail Transit System also known as the MRT Line 3, MRT-3 or Metrostar Express is a rapid transit system of Metro Manila, Philippines.
Marmaray is a partially operational rail transportation project in the Turkish city of Istanbul.
The Mass Rapid Transit, or MRT, is a rapid transit system forming the major component of the railway system in Singapore, spanning most of the city-state.
The Medellín Metro (Spanish: Metro de Medellín) is an urban train that crosses the Metropolitan Area of Medellín from North to South and from Centre to West.
The is a subway line forming part of the Nagoya Municipal Subway system in Nagoya, Japan, operated by Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya.
| The is a subway line forming part of the Nagoya Municipal Subway system in Nagoya, Japan, operated by Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya.
The Metro Transportes Sul do Tejo (MTS, South Tagus Rapid Transit System) is a light rail system that provides the Almada and Seixal municipalities, Portugal with mass-transit services.
The Metrotranvía Mendoza (Spanish for Mendoza Light Rail or fast tramway) is a public light rail transport system for the city of Mendoza, Argentina, served by articulated light rail cars operating on newly relaid tracks in former-General San Martín Railway mainline right-of-way.
The Middleton Railway is the world's oldest continuously working public railway, situated in the English city of Leeds.
Miskolc (Slovak/Czech: Miškovec, German: Mischkolz, Romanian: Mișcolț, מישקאָלץ Mishkoltz) is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry.
The Mombasa–Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) is a standard-gauge railway that connects Kenya's port city of Mombasa to Nairobi, the nation's capital.
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco), is a sovereign city-state, country and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
The Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway was an early mineral railway running from a colliery at Monklands to the Forth and Clyde Canal at Kirkintilloch, Scotland.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mount Washington, called Agiocochook by some Native American tribes, is the highest peak in the Northeastern United States at and the most prominent mountain east of the Mississippi River.
The Mount Washington Cog Railway, also known as the Cog, is the world's first mountain-climbing cog railway (rack-and-pinion railway).
The East Coast Rail Link (ECRL) (Malay: Laluan Rel Pantai Timur) is an under construction standard gauge railway link infrastructure project connecting Port Klang on the Straits of Malacca to Pengkalan Kubor in northeast Peninsular Malaysia, connecting the East Coast Economic Region states of Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan to one another and to Peninsular Malaysia's west coast and Central Region.
The Metropolitan Rapid Transit or MRT is a rapid transit system serving the Bangkok Metropolitan Region in Thailand.
The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is a major public transport network serving Hong Kong. Operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL), it consists of heavy rail, light rail, and feeder bus service centred on an 11-line rapid transit network serving the urbanised areas of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories. The system currently includes of rail with 159 stations, including 91 heavy rail stations and 68 light rail stops. The MTR is one of the most profitable metro systems in the world; it had a farebox recovery ratio of 187% in 2015, the world's highest. Under the government's rail-led transport policy, the MTR system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong, with over five million trips made in an average weekday. It consistently achieves a 99.9% on-time rate on its train journeys. As of 2014, the MTR has a 48.1% market share of the franchised public transport market, making it the most popular transport option in Hong Kong. The integration of the Octopus smart card fare-payment technology into the MTR system in September 1997 has further enhanced the ease of commuting on the MTR. Construction of the MTR was prompted by a study, released in 1967, commissioned by the Hong Kong Government in order to find solutions to the increasing road congestion problem caused by the territory's fast-growing economy. Construction started soon after the release of the study, and the first line opened in 1979. The MTR was immediately popular with residents of Hong Kong; as a result, subsequent lines have been built to cover more territory. There are continual debates regarding how and where to expand the MTR network. As a successful railway operation, the MTR has served as a model for other newly built systems in the world, particularly other urban rail transit in China.
MTR Corporation Limited is a Hong Kong company listed on the Hong Kong Exchange, and a component of Hang Seng Index.
Mumbai Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, and the wider MMR urban agglomeration.
The is a railway line owned and operated by the Kintetsu Railway, a Japanese private railway company, connecting Nagoya and Ise Nakagawa Station in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture via Kuwana, Yokkaichi, Suzuka, Tsu municipalities along the Ise Bay.
The is a rapid transit system serving Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture in Japan.
Namma Metro, also known as Bangalore Metro is a metro system serving the city of Bangalore, India.
| The is a subway line, part of the Fukuoka City Subway system in Fukuoka, Japan.
The is a Japanese railway line owned by the Kintetsu Railway.
A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.
NMBS/SNCB (Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen, Société nationale des chemins de fer belges, Nationale Gesellschaft der Belgischen Eisenbahnen) is the national railway company of Belgium.
The Navi Mumbai Metro is a rapid transit system under construction in the Indian city of Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS;; "Dutch Railways") a Dutch state-owned company, the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.
Network Rail is the owner (via its subsidiary Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd, which was known as Railtrack plc before 2002) and infrastructure manager of most of the rail network in England, Scotland and Wales.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The Newcastle & Carlisle Railway (N&CR) was an English railway company formed in 1825 that built a line from Newcastle upon Tyne on Britain's east coast, to Carlisle, on the west coast.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The Northern & Eastern Railway was an early British railway company, that planned to build a line from London to York.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England.
The Norwegian National Rail Administration (Jernbaneverket) was a government agency responsible for owning, maintaining, operating and developing the Norwegian railway network, including the track, stations, classification yards, traffic management and timetables.
The, occasionally abbreviated as Nose Railway or, is a Japanese private railway company headquartered in Kawanishi, Hyogo, which links several areas in the mountainous Nose, Osaka, area to Kawanishi-noseguchi Station in Kawanishi, where one can transfer to Hankyu Takarazuka Line to Osaka.
Oradea (Großwardein, Nagyvárad, Hungarian pronunciation:, colloquially also Várad, former Varat, גרויסווארדיין Groysvardeyn) the capital city of Bihor County and Crișana region, is one of the important centers of economic, social and cultural development in the western part of Romania, retaining these characteristics throughout history.
The Oran Metro (Arab: مترو وهران) is an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Oran and into the city's suburbs.
The Oran Tramway (in ترامواي وهران) is a system of public transport in Oran (also transliterated as Wahrān), the second largest city in Algeria.
The is a railway line in Japan owned by Kintetsu Railway, connecting Osaka and Mie Prefecture via Nara Prefecture.
is the rapid transit network in the Osaka Metropolitan Area of Japan, operated by.
Pacific National is one of Australia's largest rail freight businesses.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Pakistan Railways (پاکستان ریلویز) is the national, state-owned railway company of Pakistan.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The Panama Canal Railway (Ferrocarril de Panamá) is a railway line that runs parallel to the Panama Canal, linking the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean in Central America.
The Panama Metro (Metro de Panamá) is a metropolitan rapid transit system in Panama City, Panama, which links Los Andes County with the city center.
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
PeruRail is a railway operator providing tourist, freight, and charter services in southern Peru.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The Pilbara Railways are a collection of railways in the Pilbara region of North-West Western Australia.
Ploiești (older spelling: Ploești) is a city and county seat in Prahova County, Romania.
Polskie Koleje Państwowe SA (PKP SA, Polish State Railways, Inc.) is the dominant railway operator in Poland.
Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Porto Metro (Metro do Porto), part of the public transport (mass transit) system of Porto, Portugal, is a light rail network that runs underground in central Porto and above ground into the city's suburbs.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The Prague Metro (Pražské metro) is the rapid transit network of Prague, Czech Republic.
Puno is a city in southeastern Peru, located on the shore of Lake Titicaca.
The Raaberbahn or GySEV is an Austrian–Hungarian railway company based in Sopron, Hungary.
A rack railway (also rack-and-pinion railway, cog railway, or cogwheel railway) is a steep grade railway with a toothed rack rail, usually between the running rails.
Rail Baltica (in Estonia also known as Rail Baltic and the Baltic part referred to as the Rail Baltica Global Project) is a greenfield railway infrastructure project to link Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland with a European standard gauge rail line, providing passenger and freight service between the countries and improving rail connections between Central and Northern Europe as well as acting as a catalyst for building the economic corridor in the Northeastern Europe.
The rail profile is the cross sectional shape of a railway rail, perpendicular to its length.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Canada has a large and well-developed railway system that today transports primarily freight.
Rail transport is an important mode of long-distance transportation in the People's Republic of China.
Rail transport in Ethiopia is done within the National Railway Network of Ethiopia, which is mostly in planning and construction stage and currently consists of four electrified standard gauge railway lines: the Addis Ababa Light Rail, the Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway, the Awash–Weldiya Railway and the Weldiya–Mekelle Railway.
Rail transport in Morocco is operated by the national railway operator ONCF.
The Norwegian railway system comprises 4,087 km of (standard gauge) track of which 2,622 km is electrified and 242 km double track.
The Rail system in Paraguay consisted primarily of a 376 km main line of standard gauge between Asunción and Encarnación (with a connection to Posadas, Argentina).
The United Arab Emirates has a very limited rail network.
The Uruguayan railway network has approximately of lines, all of gauge, diesel traction with only of double track.
Rail transportation in the United States consists primarily of freight shipments, while passenger service, once a large and vital part of the nation's passenger transportation network, plays a limited role as compared to transportation patterns in many other countries.
The Railway Procurement Agency (An Ghníomhaireacht um Fháil Iarnród) was a State agency of the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport in the Republic of Ireland, charged with the development of light railway and the future metro infrastructure.
The Railway Regulation (Gauge) Act was enacted by the United Kingdom Parliament on 18 August 1846.
Railways of the Slovak Republic (Železnice Slovenskej republiky, ŽSR) is the state-owned railway infrastructure company in Slovakia.
Željeznice Federacije Bosne i HercegovineŽeljeznice stands for "railways" (ŽFBH) is the railway company of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Rapid KL (styled as rapidKL) is a public transportation system built by Prasarana Malaysia and operated by its subsidiaries, covering the Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley areas.
Rapid Metro is a metro system serving the city of Gurgaon, Haryana.
The RATP Group (French: Groupe RATP), also known as the Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (English: Autonomous Operator of Parisian Transports), is a state-owned public transport operator and maintainer headquartered in Paris, France.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Republika Srpska Railways (Željeznice Republike Srpske / Жељезнице Републике Српске – ŽRS / ЖРС) is the railway company of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Rigi Railways (Rigi Bahnen) is a group of railways on the mountain Rigi, located between two of the arms of Lake Lucerne, in Switzerland.
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail (VLT do Rio de Janeiro) is a modern light rail system serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Robert Stephenson FRS (16 October 1803 – 12 October 1859) was an early railway and civil engineer.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rostov-on-Don (p) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia.
A Royal Commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies.
The Royal Commission on Railway Gauges was held in the United Kingdom in 1845 to choose between the Broad Gauge of the Great Western Railway and its allies, and the so-called narrow gauge used by most of the rest of the country.
The Saint-Étienne to Lyon line is a railway linking Saint-Étienne to Lyon.
The Salvador Metro (Portuguese: Metrô de Salvador, commonly called Metrô) is a metro system and project for the Bahia state of Brazil, specifically in the city of Salvador.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Saudi Railways Organization (SRO) (المؤسسة العامة للخطوط الحديدية) is one of two state-owned companies that operates Saudi Arabia's rail network.
The São Paulo Metro (Metropolitano de São Paulo), commonly called the Metro or Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo (CMSP), is one of the rapid transit companies that serves the city of São Paulo, alongside São Paulo Metropolitan Trains Company (CPTM) and ViaQuatro, forming the largest metropolitan rail transport network of Latin America.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Semmering railway (Semmeringbahn) in Austria, which starts at Gloggnitz and leads over the Semmering to Mürzzuschlag was the first mountain railway in Europe built with a standard gauge track.
The is a subway system in Sendai, Japan.
The is one of the two lines of the Sendai Subway system operated by the Sendai City Transportation Bureau in the city of Sendai, Japan.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Serbian Railways (Железнице Србије / Železnice Srbije; abbr. ŽS / ЖС) is a Serbian engineering and technical consulting company based in Belgrade, Serbia.
Shildon is a town in County Durham, in England.
The, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Slovenian Railways (Slovenske železnice, SŽ) is the state railway company of Slovenia, created in 1991 from the Ljubljana division of the former Yugoslav Railways after the breakup of Yugoslavia.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.
Snopes.com, formally known as the Urban Legends Reference Pages, is one of the first online fact-checking websites.
The Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois (Luxembourg National Railway Company, abbreviated CFL) is the national railway company of Luxembourg.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South Eastern Railway (SER) was a railway company in south-eastern England from 1836 until 1922.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Springwell Village is a village in the City of Sunderland, located approximately 9 miles from the city centre.
Standard Gauge, also known as wide gauge, was an early model railway and toy train rail gauge, introduced in the United States in 1906 by Lionel Corporation.
The Stockholm metro (Stockholms tunnelbana, literally: Stockholm's Tunnel Rail) is a metro system in Stockholm, Sweden.
The Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR) was a railway company that operated in north-east England from 1825 to 1863.
Stockton-on-Tees is a market town in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England.
Storstockholms Lokaltrafik AB, (Stockholm Public Transport, literally Greater Stockholm Local Transit Company), commonly referred to as SL, is the organisation running all of the land based public transport systems in Stockholm County.
The MRT Sungai Buloh–Kajang line is the ninth rail transit line and the second fully automated and driverless rail system in the Klang Valley area, Malaysia after the.
The MRT Sungai Buloh–Serdang–Putrajaya line will be the twelfth rail transit line, the fourth fully automated and driverless rail system in Klang Valley area.
The Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) is a government agency in Sweden, controlled by the Riksdag and the Government of Sweden.
Swiss Federal Railways (Schweizerische Bundesbahnen, SBB, Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses, CFF, Ferrovie federali svizzere, FFS) is the national railway company of Switzerland.
Sydney Metro is a future automated rapid transit system in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
General Establishment of Syrian Railways (المؤسسة العامة للخطوط الحديدية, Chemins de fer syriens, CFS) is the national railway operator for the state of Syria, subordinate to the Ministry of Transportation.
Szeged (see also other alternative names) is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád county.
Taipei MRT (mass rapid transit), branded as Taipei Metro, is a rapid transit system serving greater Taipei, Taiwan.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taiwan High Speed Rail (abbreviated THSR or HSR) is a high-speed rail line that runs approximately, along the west coast of Taiwan, from the capital Taipei to the southern city of Kaohsiung.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
The Worker was a newspaper published in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia between 1890 and 1974.
Timișoara (Temeswar, also formerly Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Temesvár,; טעמשוואר; Темишвар / Temišvar; Banat Bulgarian: Timišvár; Temeşvar; Temešvár) is the capital city of Timiș County, and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.
The is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan, operated by the Tokyo subway operator Toei Subway.
The is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan, operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei).
, commonly known as Tokyo Metro, is a rapid transit system in Tokyo, Japan.
The is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan, operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro.
The is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan, operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro.
, also known as,Toei means "operated (ei) by the metropolitan government (to)." is a bureau of Tokyo Metropolitan Government which operates public transport services in Tokyo.
The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is a public transport agency that operates bus, subway, streetcar, and paratransit services in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Townsville Bulletin is a daily newspaper published in Townsville, Queensland, Australia.
In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.
Gauge conversion is the change of one railway track gauge to another.
In Hong Kong, the three ex-KCR lines (the East Rail Line, the West Rail Line, and the Ma On Shan Line) and the Light Rail service use.
Originally, various gauges were used in the United States.
is a concept being developed by Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido) in Japan as a means of transporting freight in a manner allowing higher speeds through the undersea Seikan Tunnel for both high-speed passenger services and freight services when the Hokkaido Shinkansen starts using the tunnel in 2016.
TrainOSE S.A. (ΤραινΟΣΕ Α.Ε., pronounced trenosé) is a railway company in Greece which currently operates all passenger and freight trains on OSE lines.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
The Dresden tramway network (Straßenbahnnetz Dresden) is a network of tramways forming the backbone of the public transport system in Dresden, a city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
The tram system in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India, operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company (CTC), is the only tram network operating in India.
Trams are a major form of public transport in Melbourne, the capital city of the state of Victoria, Australia.
The Norrköping tramway network (Norrköpings spårväg) is a system of trams forming a principal part of the public transport services in Norrköping, Sweden.
The Nuremberg tramway network (Straßenbahnnetz Nürnberg) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Nuremberg, a city in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany.
The Stockholm tramway network forms part of the public transport system in Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden.
The Trans-Sulawesi Railway (Jalur kereta api Trans-Sulawesi), is a railway network under construction in the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.
Tren de la Costa (in English: "Train of the Coast") is a suburban, 11-station light rail line in Greater Buenos Aires, between Maipú Avenue station in the northern suburb of Olivos and Delta station in Tigre, on the Río de la Plata.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
The State Railways of the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları), abbreviated as TCDD, is a government-owned national railway company responsible with the ownership and maintenance of railway infrastructure in Turkey, as well as the planning and construction of new lines.
The Union Pearson Express (UP Express) is an airport rail link running between Union Station in Downtown Toronto and Toronto Pearson International Airport.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Urban rail transit is an all-encompassing term for various types of local rail systems providing passenger service within and around urban or suburban areas.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Wagonways (or Waggonways) consisted of the horses, equipment and tracks used for hauling wagons, which preceded steam-powered railways.
The Warsaw Metro (Polish: Metro Warszawskie) is a rapid transit system serving the city of Warsaw, the capital of Poland.
The Washington Metro, known colloquially as Metro and branded Metrorail, is the heavy rail rapid transit system serving the Washington metropolitan area in the United States.
The rolling stock of the Washington Metro system consists of 1,242 cars that were acquired across seven orders.
The West Coast Express is a commuter railway serving the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada.
The West Rail line is one of the MTR lines in Hong Kong, indicated by the colour dark magenta.
The Western Mail, or Western Mail, was the name of two weekly newspapers published in Perth, Western Australia.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Wylam is a small village about west of Newcastle upon Tyne.
The is a railway line of the Japanese private railway company Kintetsu Railway, connecting Ise-Nakagawa Station (Matsusaka, Mie) and Ujiyamada Station (Ise, Mie) in Japan.
is the metro network in the city of Yokohama, Japan, south of Tokyo In Kanagawa pref.
The is a rapid transit line serving Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The is a rapid transit line serving Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
is the size of a broad track gauge commonly used in India, Pakistan, western Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Argentina, Chile, and on the BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) in the San Francisco Bay Area.
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