606 relations: A Hard Day's Night (film), A Matter of Time (film), Academy Award for Best Costume Design, Academy Award for Best Director, Academy Award for Best Film Editing, Academy Award for Best Original Score, Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, Academy Award for Best Picture, Academy Award for Best Production Design, Academy Award for Best Sound Editing, Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, Academy Awards, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Academy Scientific and Technical Award, Adrian Berry, 4th Viscount Camrose, Advance Publications, Advertising agency, AFI 100 Years... series, AFI's 10 Top 10, AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores, AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers, AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains, AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes, AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies, AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition), AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills, Akira Kurosawa, Al Pacino, Alan Dean Foster, Alan Ladd Jr., Alaskan Malamute, Alderaan, Alec Guinness, Alessandro Cicognini, Alex McCrindle, Alex Raymond, Alfie Curtis, Alien (film), Aliens (film), All Things Considered, American Broadcasting Company, American Cinematographer, American Film Institute, American Graffiti, American Heritage (magazine), American Society of Cinematographers, Amy Irving, Anamorphic format, ..., Annie Hall, Anniversary, Anthony Daniels, AOL, Apocalypse Now, Arrakis, AST (publisher), Avro Lancaster, Backstory, BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design, BAFTA Award for Best Editing, BAFTA Award for Best Film, BAFTA Award for Best Film Music, BAFTA Award for Best Production Design, BAFTA Award for Best Sound, Bandwagon effect, Bauer Media Group, BBC, Beer, Ben Burtt, Bene Gesserit, Beowulf, Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time, Betamax, Bicycle Thieves, Bill Murray, Billboard, Billy Dee Williams, Black Hole of Calcutta, Blade Runner, Blockbuster (book), Blockbuster (entertainment), Blu-ray, Book-and-record set, Bouncing bomb, Box Office Mojo, Box set, BoxOffice (magazine), Brian Daley, Brian De Palma, British Academy Film Awards, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, British Board of Film Classification, British Film Institute, Brothers Grimm, Brothers Hildebrandt, Burt Reynolds, C-3PO, Cannes Film Festival, Capacitance Electronic Disc, Carrie (1976 film), Carrie Fisher, CBS, CBS Evening News, CBS/Fox Video, Chain reaction, Changes in Star Wars re-releases, Channel 4, Chattanooga Times Free Press, Chevy Chase, Chewbacca, Chicago Reader, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago Tribune, China Lake Acres, California, Chott el Djerid, Christopher Nolan, Christopher Walken, Cindy Williams, CinemaScore, Citizen Kane, Classical Hollywood cinema, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Close-up, CNET, Coffee table book, Comic science fiction, Compositing, Computer-generated imagery, Daily Mirror, Damon Lindelof, Dan Perri, Dark Horse Comics, Darth Vader, David Fincher, David Lynch, David 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Movies, Yavin, Yojimbo (film), Zoo, 2001: A Space Odyssey, 2001: A Space Odyssey (film), 20th Century Fox, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment, 20th Century Fox Records, 35th Golden Globe Awards, 3D film, 50th Academy Awards, 633 Squadron. Expand index (556 more) » « Shrink index
A Hard Day's Night is a 1964 British musical comedy film directed by Richard Lester and starring the Beatles—John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr—during the height of Beatlemania.
A Matter of Time is a 1976 American-Italian musical fantasy film starring Liza Minnelli and Ingrid Bergman, directed by Vincente Minnelli.
The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is one of the Academy Awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) for achievement in film costume design.
The Academy Award for Best Director (officially known as the Academy Award for Best Directing) is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Film Editing is one of the annual awards of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Original Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer.
The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material.
The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the Academy Awards presented annually since the awards debuted in 1929, by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Production Design recognizes achievement for art direction in film.
The Academy Award for Best Sound Editing is an Academy Award granted yearly to a film exhibiting the finest or most aesthetic sound design or sound editing.
The Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most euphonic sound mixing or recording and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film.
The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor (often referred to as the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor) is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Visual Effects is an Academy Award given for the best achievement in visual effects.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
The Scientific and Technical Awards are three different Honorary Awards that are given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) during the annual Academy Awards season.
Adrian Michael Berry, 4th Viscount Camrose (15 June 1937 – 18 April 2016) was a British hereditary peer, journalist, and writer.
Advance Publications, Inc. is an American media company owned by the descendants of S.I. Newhouse Sr., Donald Newhouse and S.I. Newhouse Jr.
An advertising agency, often referred to as a creative agency, is a business dedicated to creating, planning, and handling advertising and sometimes other forms of promotion and marketing for its clients.
The AFI's 100 Years… series is a series of lists and accompanying CBS television specials from 1998 through 2008 in which the American Film Institute celebrated 100 years of the greatest films in American cinema.
AFI's 10 Top 10 honors the ten greatest US films in ten classic film genres.
Part of the AFI 100 Years... series, AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores is a list of the top 25 film scores in American cinema.
100 Years…100 Cheers: America's Most Inspiring Movies is a list of the most inspiring films as determined by the American Film Institute.
AFI's 100 Years...
Part of The American Film Institute (AFI 100 Years... series), AFI's 100 Years...
The first of the AFI 100 Years... series of cinematic milestones, AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies is a list of the 100 best American movies, as determined by the American Film Institute from a poll of more than 1,500 artists and leaders in the film industry who chose from a list of 400 nominated movies.
AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies – 10th Anniversary Edition was the 2007 updated version of 100 Years… 100 Movies.
Part of the AFI 100 Years… series, AFI's 100 Years…100 Thrills is a list of the top 100 most exciting, action-packed, suspenseful or frightening movies in American cinema.
was a Japanese film director and screenwriter, who directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years.
Alfredo James Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Alan Dean Foster (born November 18, 1946) is an American writer of fantasy and science fiction, who has written several book series, more than 20 standalone novels and many faithful novelizations of film scripts.
Alan Walbridge Ladd Jr. (born October 22, 1937) is an American film industry executive and producer.
The Alaskan Malamute is a large breed of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) originally bred for hauling heavy freight due to their strength and endurance, and later as a sled dog.
Alderaan was a fictional planet featured in the Star Wars franchise (in the Alderaan Sector of the Core Worlds). It is blue-green in appearance and is depicted as a terrestrial planet with humanoid inhabitants.
Sir Alec Guinness, (born Alec Guinness de Cuffe; 2 April 1914 – 5 August 2000) was an English actor.
Alessandro Cicognini (25 January 1906 in Pescara – 9 November 1995 in Rome) was an Italian film music composer.
Alex McCrindle (3 August 1911 – 20 April 1990) was a British actor.
Alexander Gillespie "Alex" Raymond (October 2, 1909 – September 6, 1956) was an American cartoonist, best known for creating Flash Gordon for King Features in 1934.
Alfie Curtis (28 July 1930 – 30 November 2017) was a British actor.
Alien is a 1979 science fiction horror film directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Sigourney Weaver, Tom Skerritt, Veronica Cartwright, Harry Dean Stanton, John Hurt, Ian Holm and Yaphet Kotto.
Aliens is a 1986 American science fiction action film written and directed by James Cameron, produced by Gale Anne Hurd and starring Sigourney Weaver.
All Things Considered (ATC) is the flagship news program on the American network National Public Radio (NPR).
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
American Cinematographer is a magazine published monthly by the American Society of Cinematographers.
The American Film Institute (AFI) is an American film organization that educates filmmakers and honors the heritage of the motion picture arts in the United States.
American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, and Wolfman Jack.
American Heritage is a magazine dedicated to covering the history of the United States of America for a mainstream readership.
The American Society of Cinematographers (ASC), founded in 1919, is an educational, cultural, and professional organization.
Amy Davis Irving (born September 10, 1953) is an American film, stage, and television actress.
Anamorphic format is the cinematography technique of shooting a widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film or other visual recording media with a non-widescreen native aspect ratio.
Annie Hall is a 1977 American romantic comedy film directed by Woody Allen from a screenplay he co-wrote with Marshall Brickman.
An anniversary is the date on which an event took place or an institution was founded in a previous year, and may also refer to the commemoration or celebration of that event.
Anthony Daniels (born 21 February 1946) is an English actor and mime artist.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
Apocalypse Now is a 1979 American epic war film directed, produced, and co-written by Francis Ford Coppola.
Arrakis (الراقص,, "the dancer")—informally known as Dune and later called Rakis—is a fictional desert planet featured in the ''Dune'' series of novels by Frank Herbert.
AST (АСТ) is one of the largest book publishing companies in Russia, headed by Oleg Bartenev (Олег Бартенев).
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
A backstory, background story, back-story, or background is a set of events invented for a plot, presented as preceding and leading up to that plot.
The British Academy Film Award for Best Costume Design is one of the annual film awards given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
The BAFTA Award for Best Editing is one of several annual awards presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA).
The BAFTA Award for Best Film is given annually by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts and presented at the British Academy Film Awards.
The Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music (or BAFTA Award for Best Film Music) is an annual award given by British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
This is a list of winners and nominees for the BAFTA Award for Best Production Design for each year.
The BAFTA Award for Best Sound has been presented to its winners since 1968 and sound designers of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award.
The bandwagon effect is a phenomenon whereby the rate of uptake of beliefs, ideas, fads and trends increases the more that they have already been adopted by others.
Bauer Media Group is a European-based media company, headquartered in Hamburg, Germany that manages a portfolio of more than 600 magazines, over 400 digital products and 50 radio and TV stations around the world.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.
Benjamin "Ben" Burtt, Jr. (born July 12, 1948) is an American sound designer, film editor, director, screenwriter, and voice actor.
The Bene Gesserit are a key social, religious, and political force in Frank Herbert's fictional ''Dune'' universe.
Beowulf is an Old English epic story consisting of 3,182 alliterative lines.
Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time was a two-hour television special that aired on March 22, 2011, on ABC in the United States.
Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.
Bicycle Thieves (Ladri di biciclette; sometimes known in the United States as The Bicycle Thief) is a 1948 Italian film directed by Vittorio De Sica.
William James Murray (born September 21, 1950) is an American actor, comedian, and writer.
A billboard (also called a hoarding in the UK and many other parts of the world) is a large outdoor advertising structure (a billing board), typically found in high-traffic areas such as alongside busy roads.
William December "Billy Dee" Williams Jr. (born April 6, 1937) is an American actor, artist, singer, and writer.
The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small prison or dungeon in Fort William where troops of Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war for one fatal night on 20 June 1756.
Blade Runner is a 1982 American-Hong Kong neo-noir science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos.
Blockbuster: How Hollywood Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Summer is a 2004 non-fiction book by British film critic Tom Shone published by Simon & Schuster UK Ltd,.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Book-and-record sets are a form of entertainment for children, consisting of a picture storybook (often in comic book format, with drawings or photos) and an accompanying recording (originally in the form of a vinyl record; later in cassette tape and compact disc formats) to be played while following along with the book.
A bouncing bomb is a bomb designed to bounce to a target across water in a calculated manner to avoid obstacles such as torpedo nets, and to allow both the bomb's speed on arrival at the target and the timing of its detonation to be pre-determined, in a similar fashion to a regular naval depth charge.
Founded in 1999, Box Office Mojo tracks box office revenue in a systematic, algorithmic way, and publishes the data on its website.
A box set or boxed set is a set of items (for example, a compilation of books, musical recordings, films or television programs) packaged in a box, for sale as a single unit.
BoxOffice is a film industry magazine dedicated to the movie theatre business published by BoxOffice Media LP.
Brian Charles Daley (December 22, 1947 – February 11, 1996) was an American science fiction novelist.
Brian Russell De Palma (born September 11, 1940) is an American film director and screenwriter.
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts or BAFTA Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) to honour the best British and international contributions to film.
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) is an independent charity that supports, develops and promotes the art forms of the moving image – film, television and game in the United Kingdom.
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), previously the British Board of Film Censors, is a non-governmental organization, founded by the film industry in 1912 and responsible for the national classification and censorship of films exhibited at cinemas and video works (such as television programmes, trailers, adverts, public Information/campaigning films, menus, bonus content etc.) released on physical media within the United Kingdom.
The British Film Institute (BFI) is a film and charitable organisation which promotes and preserves filmmaking and television in the United Kingdom.
The Brothers Grimm (die Brüder Grimm or die Gebrüder Grimm), Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, were German academics, philologists, cultural researchers, lexicographers and authors who together collected and published folklore during the 19th century.
Greg and Tim Hildebrandt, known as the Brothers Hildebrandt (born January 23, 1939 in Detroit, Michigan), are American twin brothers who worked collaboratively as fantasy and science fiction artists for many years.
Burton Leon Reynolds Jr. (born February 11, 1936) is an American actor, director, and producer.
C-3PO or See-Threepio is a humanoid robot character from the ''Star Wars'' franchise who appears in the original trilogy, the prequel trilogy and the sequel trilogy.
The Cannes Festival (Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries from all around the world.
The Capacitance Electronic Disc (CED) is an analog video disc playback system developed by RCA, in which video and audio could be played back on a TV set using a special needle and high-density groove system similar to phonograph records.
Carrie is a 1976 American supernatural horror film based on Stephen King's 1974 epistolary novel of the same name.
Carrie Frances Fisher (October 21, 1956 – December 27, 2016) was an American actress, writer, and humorist.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CBS Evening News (titled as CBS Evening News with Jeff Glor for its weeknight broadcasts since December 4, 2017 and simply CBS Weekend News for its weekend broadcasts) is the flagship evening television news program of CBS News, the news division of the CBS television network in the United States.
The CBS/Fox Company, or CBS/Fox Video was a home video entertainment company formed and established in June 1982, as a merger between 20th Century-Fox Video, (formerly Magnetic Video Corporation), and CBS Video Enterprises which sold film libraries from major American film studios and was the North American licensee of BBC Video releases.
A chain reaction is a sequence of reactions where a reactive product or by-product causes additional reactions to take place.
Changes in Star Wars re-releases vary from minor differences in color timing, audio mixing, and take choices to major insertions of new visual effects, additions of characters and dialogue, scene expansions, and replacement of original cast members with newer ones.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
The Chattanooga Times Free Press is a daily broadsheet newspaper published in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and is distributed in the metropolitan Chattanooga region of southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia.
Cornelius Crane "Chevy" Chase (born October 8, 1943) is an American actor, comedian and writer.
Chewbacca, nicknamed "Chewie", is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise.
The Chicago Reader, or Reader (stylized as ЯEADER), is an American alternative weekly newspaper in Chicago, Illinois, noted for its literary style of journalism and coverage of the arts, particularly film and theater.
The Chicago Sun-Times is a daily newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
China Lake Acres is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kern County, California, United States.
Chott el Djerid (شط الجريد) also spelled Sciott Gerid and Shott el Jerid, is a large endorheic salt lake in southern Tunisia.
Christopher Edward Nolan (born 30 July 1970) is an English film director, screenwriter, and producer who holds both British and American citizenship.
Christopher Walken (born Ronald Walken on March 31, 1943) is an American actor of screen and stage who has appeared in more than 100 films and television shows, including Annie Hall (1977), The Deer Hunter (1978), The Dogs of War (1980), The Dead Zone (1983), A View to a Kill (1985), Batman Returns (1992), True Romance (1993), Pulp Fiction (1994), Antz (1998), Sleepy Hollow (1999), Catch Me If You Can (2002), Hairspray (2007), Seven Psychopaths (2012), the first three Prophecy films, The Jungle Book (2016), as well as music videos by many popular recording artists.
Cynthia Jane Williams (born August 22, 1947) is an American actress, best known for her role as Shirley Feeney on the television sitcom Laverne & Shirley (1976–1982).
CinemaScore is a market research firm based in Las Vegas.
Citizen Kane is a 1941 American mystery drama film by Orson Welles, its producer, co-screenwriter, director and star.
Classical Hollywood cinema, classical Hollywood narrative, and classical continuity are terms used in film criticism which designate both a narrative and visual style of film-making which developed in and characterized American cinema between 1917 and the early 1960s, and eventually became the most powerful and pervasive style of film-making worldwide.
Close Encounters of the Third Kind is a 1977 American science fiction film written and directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Richard Dreyfuss, Melinda Dillon, Teri Garr, Bob Balaban, Cary Guffey, and François Truffaut.
A close up or closeup in filmmaking, television production, still photography and the comic strip medium is a type of shot, which tightly frames a person or an object.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
A coffee table book is an oversized, usually hard-covered book whose purpose is for display on a table intended for use in an area in which one entertains guests and from which it can serve to inspire conversation.
Comic science fiction or comedy science fiction is a subgenre of soft science fiction or science fantasy that exploits the science-fiction (SF) genre's conventions for comedic effect.
Compositing is the combining of visual elements from separate sources into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements are parts of the same scene.
Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators.
The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.
Damon Laurence Lindelof (born April 24, 1973) is an American screenwriter and producer.
Dan Perri is a film and television title sequence designer.
Dark Horse Comics is an American comic book and manga publisher.
Darth Vader (birth name Anakin Skywalker) is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise.
David Andrew Leo Fincher (born August 28, 1962) is an American director and producer of films, television, and music videos.
David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946) is an American filmmaker, painter, musician, actor, and photographer.
David Charles Prowse, MBE (born 1 July 1935) is an English bodybuilder, weightlifter and character actor in British film and television.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
Dean Devlin (born August 27, 1962) is an American screenwriter, producer, television director and former actor.
Death Star is the name of a number of fictional mobile space stations and galactic superweapons featured in the Star Wars space opera franchise.
Death Valley is a desert valley located in Eastern California, in the northern Mojave Desert bordering the Great Basin Desert.
Thomas Declan Mulholland (6 December 1932 – 29 June 1999) was a Northern Irish character actor of film and television.
Del Rey Books is a branch of Ballantine Books, which is owned by Random House and, in turn, by Penguin Random House.
A deleted scene is footage that has been removed from the final version of a film or television show.
Denis Stamper Lawson (born 27 September 1947) is a Scottish actor and director.
Dennis Publishing Ltd. is an independent publisher founded in 1974.
Derek Elliston Michael Malcolm (born 12 May 1932 in Marylebone, London) is an English film critic and historian.
A desert planet or dry planet is a theoretical type of terrestrial planet with a surface consistency similar to Earth's hot deserts.
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
The United States Spacecraft Discovery One was a nuclear-powered interplanetary fictional spaceship controlled by the AI onboard computer HAL 9000 from the first two novels of the Space Odyssey series and the movies 2001: A Space Odyssey and 2010: The Year We Make Contact.
Disney Music Group (DMG) is the music recording arm of Walt Disney Studios, a division of The Walt Disney Company.
DMG Media, formerly Associated Newspapers, is a national newspaper and website publisher in the UK.
A dogfight, or dog fight, is an aerial battle between fighter aircraft, conducted at close range.
Donald Francis Henderson (10 November 1931 – 22 June 1997) was an English actor of stage, television and screen.
Donny & Marie is an American variety show which aired on ABC from January 1976 to January 1979.
Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.
A droid is a fictional robot possessing some degree of artificial intelligence in the Star Wars science fiction franchise.
In physical geography, a dune is a hill of loose sand built by aeolian processes (wind) or the flow of water.
Dune is a 1984 American epic science fiction film written and directed by David Lynch, based on the 1965 Frank Herbert novel of the same name.
Dune is a 1965 science fiction novel by American author Frank Herbert, originally published as two separate serials in Analog magazine.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
In Germanic mythology, a dwarf is a human-shaped entity that dwells in mountains and in the earth, and is variously associated with wisdom, smithing, mining, and crafting.
The Dykstraflex was the first digital motion control photography camera system, named after its primary developer John Dykstra.
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is a 1982 American science fiction film co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, and written by Melissa Mathison.
Eddie Byrne (31 January 1911 – 21 August 1981) was an Irish actor.
Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American fiction writer best known for his celebrated and prolific output in the adventure and science-fiction genres.
Edwin Lester Linden Arnold (14 May 1857 – 1 March 1935) was an English author.
Elstree Studios on Shenley Road, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire is a British film and television production facility operated by Elstree Film Studios Limited.
Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Bauer Consumer Media of Hamburg based Bauer Media Group.
Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars Trilogy is a 2004 documentary film directed by Kevin Burns and narrated by Robert Clotworthy.
Epic films are a style of filmmaking with large scale, sweeping scope, and spectacle.
Erich Wolfgang Korngold (May 29, 1897 – November 29, 1957) was an Austrian-born composer and conductor.
Esquire is an American men's magazine, published by the Hearst Corporation in the United States.
Extravehicular activity (EVA) is any activity done by an astronaut or cosmonaut outside a spacecraft beyond the Earth's appreciable atmosphere.
A fairy tale, wonder tale, magic tale, or Märchen is folklore genre that takes the form of a short story that typically features entities such as dwarfs, dragons, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins, griffins, mermaids, talking animals, trolls, unicorns, or witches, and usually magic or enchantments.
Family Guy is an American animated sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
A fan, or fanatic, sometimes also termed aficionado or supporter, is a person who is enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer.
A fan edit is a version of a film modified by a viewer, that removes, reorders, or adds material in order to create a new interpretation of the source material.
Fantastic art is a broad and loosely defined art genre.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
In filmmaking, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture.
A film poster is a poster used to promote and advertise a film.
Film School Rejects is an English-language blog devoted to movie reviews, interviews, film industry news, and feature commentary.
Film Threat is an online publication, and earlier, a national magazine that focused primarily on independent film, although it also reviewed videos and DVDs of mainstream films, as well as Hollywood movies in theaters.
Film title design is a term describing the craft and design of motion picture title sequences.
A film treatment (or simply treatment) is a piece of prose, typically the step between scene cards (index cards) and the first draft of a screenplay for a motion picture, television program, or radio play.
FilmAffinity is a movie recommendations website created in 2002 in Madrid, Spain by the film critic Pablo Kurt Verdú Schumann and the programmer Daniel Nicolás.
Filmsite.org is a film-review website established in 1996 by film critic Tim Dirks, and owned since 2008 by AMC Networks.
Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass.
Final cut privilege (final cut right) is a film industry term, usually meaning the right of a director to decide how a film is ultimately released for public viewing.
Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier.
Flash Gordon is a 1936 science fiction film serial.
Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and film composer.
Frank DeCaro (born November 6, 1962) is an American writer, performer and talk radio host.
Franklin Patrick Herbert, Jr. (October 8, 1920 – February 11, 1986) was an American science fiction writer best known for the novel Dune and its five sequels.
The Fremen are a group of people in the fictional ''Dune'' universe created by Frank Herbert.
Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor.
The Galactic Civil War is a fictional interstellar war from the Star Wars galaxy.
The Galactic Empire is a fictional autocracy featured in the Star Wars franchise.
The Galactic Republic, often referred to as simply the Republic, is the name of the interplanetary State used in the fictional ''Star Wars'' universe prior to the establishment of the Galactic Empire.
Gannett Company, Inc. is a publicly traded American media holding company headquartered in Tysons Corner, Virginia, near McLean in Greater Washington DC.
Gareth James Edwards (born 13 July 1975) is an English film director, film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, production designer, and visual effects artist.
Gareth Wigan (December 2, 1931 – February 13, 2010) was a British agent, producer and studio executive known for working on such films as George Lucas's Star Wars.
Garrick Hagon (born 27 September 1939) is a British-born, Canadian film, stage, television and radio actor best known for his role as Biggs Darklighter in Star Wars: A New Hope.
Gary Douglas Kurtz (born July 27, 1940) is an American film producer whose list of credits includes American Graffiti (1973), Star Wars (1977), The Empire Strikes Back (1980), The Dark Crystal (1982) and Return to Oz (1985).
Eugene Kal Siskel (January 26, 1946 – February 20, 1999) was an American film critic and journalist for the Chicago Tribune.
Geoffrey Gilyard Unsworth, OBE, BSC (26 May 1914 – 28 October 1978) was a British cinematographer who worked on nearly 90 feature films spanning over more than 40 years.
George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur.
Gerald Clarke (born June 21, 1937) is an American writer, best known for the biographies Capote (1988) (made into the Oscar-winning 2005 film Capote) and Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland (2000).
A ghostwriter is hired to write literary or journalistic works, speeches, or other texts that are officially credited to another person as the author.
Gilbert Taylor, B.S.C. (12 April 1914 – 23 August 2013) was a British cinematographer, best known for his work on films such as Dr. Strangelove, A Hard Day's Night (both 1964), ''Repulsion'' (1965), The Omen (1976), and the original Star Wars (1977).
Gloria Katz (born October 25, 1942) is an American screenwriter and film producer, best known for her association with George Lucas.
Gold, also called golden, is a color.
The Golden Globe Award for Best Director has been presented annually by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, an organization composed of journalists who cover the United States film industry for publications based outside North America, since 1943.
The Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score is one of several categories presented by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA), an organization of journalists who cover the United States film industry, but are affiliated with publications outside North America, since its institution in 1947.
Gone with the Wind is a 1939 American epic historical romance film, adapted from Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel of the same name.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media is an honor presented to a composer or composers for an original score created for a film, TV show or series, video games or other visual media at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally called the Gramophone Awards.
Governor Wilhuff Tarkin is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise, first portrayed by Peter Cushing in the 1977 film Star Wars.
TCL Chinese Theatre is a movie palace on the historic Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6925 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California, United States.
Greedo (or Greedo the Young) is a fictional character from the ''Star Wars'' franchise.
Gregg Toland, A.S.C. (May 29, 1904 – September 28, 1948) was an American cinematographer noted for his innovative use of lighting and techniques such as deep focus, examples of which can be found in his work on Orson Welles' Citizen Kane, William Wyler's The Best Years of Our Lives, and John Ford's The Long Voyage Home.
Guardian Media Group plc (GMG) is a British mass media company owning various media operations including The Guardian and The Observer.
A Guild Navigator (alternately Guildsman or Steersman) is a fictional humanoid in the ''Dune'' universe created by Frank Herbert.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
Hachette Filipacchi Media U.S., Inc. (HFM U.S.), originally known as CBS Publications, was a subsidiary of Hachette Filipacchi Médias (one of the world's largest magazine publishers), and was based in New York City.
Hal Barwood is an American screenwriter, film producer, film director, game designer, game producer, freelancer and novelist best known for his work on LucasArts games based on the Indiana Jones license.
A halogen lamp, also known as a tungsten halogen, quartz-halogen or quartz iodine lamp, is an incandescent lamp consisting of a tungsten filament sealed into a compact transparent envelope that is filled with a mixture of an inert gas and a small amount of a halogen such as iodine or bromine.
Hammer Film Productions is a British film production company based in London.
"Han shot first" is a phrase referring to a controversial change made to a scene in the film Star Wars (1977), in which Han Solo (Harrison Ford) is confronted by the bounty hunter Greedo (Paul Blake) in the Mos Eisley Cantina.
Han Solo is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise.
Hardware Wars is a 1978 short film parody of a teaser trailer for the science fiction film Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope.
Harmy's Despecialized Edition is a series of fan restorations of the first three films in the George Lucas-created Star Wars franchise: Star Wars, The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi.
Harris Insights & Analytics, headquartered in Rochester, New York, is a market research firm, known for "The Harris Poll".
Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an American actor and film producer.
Hearst Communications, often referred to simply as Hearst, is an American mass media and business information conglomerate based in New York City, New York.
Heavy water (deuterium oxide) is a form of water that contains a larger than normal amount of the hydrogen isotope deuterium (or D, also known as heavy hydrogen), rather than the common hydrogen-1 isotope (or H, also called protium) that makes up most of the hydrogen in normal water.
Helvetica or Neue Haas Grotesk is a widely used sans-serif typeface developed in 1957 by Swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger with input from Eduard Hoffmann.
A hermit (adjectival form: eremitic or hermitic) is a person who lives in seclusion from society, usually for religious reasons.
High-concept is a type of artistic work that can be easily pitched with a succinctly stated premise.
History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is a history-based digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Communications and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.
Although the start of the history of film is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of Lumière brothers' short films in Paris on 28 December 1895 can be regarded as the breakthrough of projected cinematographic motion pictures.
HitFix, or HitFix.com, is an entertainment news website that launched in December 2008 specializing in breaking entertainment news, insider information, and reviews and critiques of film, music, and television.
Hollywood.com is a U.S. news website covering English-language popular culture, including films, television, and celebrities.
Holography is the science and practice of making holograms.
Howard Victor Chaykin (born October 7, 1950) is an American comic book artist and writer.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
The Hugo Awards are a set of literary awards given annually for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year.
The Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation is given each year for theatrical films, television episodes, or other dramatized works related to science fiction or fantasy released in the previous calendar year.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Inception is a 2010 neo-noir science fiction heist film written, co-produced, and directed by Christopher Nolan, and co-produced by Emma Thomas.
An independent film, independent movie, indie film or indie movie is a feature film that is produced outside the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies.
Indiana Jones is an American media franchise based on the adventures of Dr. Henry Walton "Indiana" Jones, Jr., a fictional professor of archaeology.
Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is an American motion picture visual effects company that was founded in May 1975 by George Lucas.
Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre and radio.
An internegative is a motion picture film duplicate.
io9 is a blog launched in 2008 by Gawker Media, which focuses on the subjects of science fiction, fantasy, futurism, science, technology and related areas.
Jeffrey Jacob Abrams (born June 27, 1966) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, actor, and composer.
Jabba Desilijic Tiure,"Jabba", in Sansweet, Star Wars Encyclopedia, pp.
John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor and filmmaker who has performed for over sixty years.
James Francis CameronSpace Foundation.
James Earl Jones (born January 17, 1931) is an American actor.
Jason Nelson Robards Jr. (July 26, 1922 – December 26, 2000) was an American stage, film, and television actor.
Jaws is a 1975 American thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley's 1974 novel of the same name.
The Jedi are the main protagonists in the Star Wars universe.
James Shooter (born September 27, 1951) is an American writer, occasional fill-in artist, editor, and publisher for various comic books.
Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster (born November 19, 1962) is an American actress, director, and producer.
John Barry (1935 – 1 June 1979) was a British film production designer, known for his work on Star Wars, for which he received the Academy Award for Best Art Direction.
John Carter of Mars is the eleventh and final book in the Barsoom series by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs.
John Charles Dykstra, A.S.C. (born June 3, 1947) is an American special effects artist, pioneer in the development of the use of computers in filmmaking and recipient of three Academy Awards, among many other awards and prizes.
John Jympson (16 September 1930 – 3 June 2003) was a British film editor.
John Alan Lasseter (born January 12, 1957) is an American animator and filmmaker, and former chief creative officer of Pixar Animation Studios, Walt Disney Animation Studios, and DisneyToon Studios.
John Philip Madden (born 8 April 1949) is an English director of theatre, film, television, and radio.
John Frederick Milius (born April 11, 1944) is an American screenwriter, director, and producer of motion pictures.
John Ivan Simon (born May 12, 1925) is an American author and literary, theater, and film critic.
John Daniel Singleton (born January 6, 1968) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer best known for directing Boyz n the Hood (1991).
John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer, conductor, and pianist.
Jonathan Rosenbaum (born February 27, 1943) is an American film critic.
Joseph John Campbell (March 26, 1904 – October 30, 1987) was an American Professor of Literature at Sarah Lawrence College who worked in comparative mythology and comparative religion.
Joseph Hill Whedon (born June 23, 1964) is an American screenwriter, director, producer, comic book writer, and composer.
Jules Gabriel Verne (Longman Pronunciation Dictionary.; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.
Julia is a 1977 American drama film directed by Fred Zinnemann, from a screenplay by Alvin Sargent.
A jungle is land covered with dense vegetation dominated by trees.
Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science-fiction adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and produced by Kathleen Kennedy and Gerald R. Molen.
Karen Jane Allen (born October 5, 1951) is an American film and stage actress.
Kenner Products was an American toy company founded in 1946.
Kenneth George Baker (24 August 1934 – 13 August 2016) was an English actor and musician.
Kensal Green is an area in north-west London located on the southern boundary of the London Borough of Brent and forms the southern part of Harlesden.The surrounding areas are Willesden to the north, Brondesbury and Queens Park to the east and Ladbroke Grove and White City to the south.
Kevin Patrick Smith (born August 2, 1970) is an American filmmaker, actor, comedian, comic book writer, author, and podcaster.
King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.
Kings Row is a 1942 film starring Ann Sheridan, Robert Cummings, and Ronald Reagan that tells a story of young people growing up in a small American town at the turn of the twentieth century.
Kojak is an American action crime drama television series starring Telly Savalas as the title character, New York City Police Department Detective Lieutenant Theo Kojak.
Kurt Vogel Russell (born March 17, 1951) is an American actor.
Baron Landonis "Lando" Calrissian is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise. In the original trilogy, Lando is introduced as an old friend of Han Solo, who prior to the events of the film was the original owner of the Millennium Falcon, until he lost the ship to Han in a bet. In the film, he is a former smuggler, who became the Baron-Administrator of the Cloud City of gas planet Bespin, and later becomes part of the Rebel Alliance. He is portrayed by Billy Dee Williams in The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983), while Donald Glover portrays a younger Lando in the 2018 standalone film Solo: A Star Wars Story. Lando also appears frequently in the ''Star Wars'' expanded universe of novels, comic books and video games, including a series of ''Legends'' novels in which he is the protagonist.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
Lawrence of Arabia is a 1962 epic historical drama film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence.
A leitmotif or leitmotiv is a "short, constantly recurring musical phrase"Kennedy (1987), Leitmotiv associated with a particular person, place, or idea.
Leslie Schofield (born 12 December 1938) is an English actor who is most famous in the UK for his role as Jeff Healy in the popular soap opera EastEnders, whom he played from 1997 to 2000.
Lewis Robert Wasserman (March 22, 1913 – June 3, 2002) was an American talent agent and studio executive, sometimes credited with creating and later taking apart the studio system in a career spanning more than six decades.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
A lightsaber is a fictional energy sword featured in the ''Star Wars'' universe.
This is a list of films considered "the best ever", so voted in a notable national or international survey of either critics or the public.
This is a list of films that feature extraterrestrial life.
There is a body of films that feature space stations.
Films generate income from several revenue streams, including theatrical exhibition, home video, television broadcast rights and merchandising.
The following is a list of the highest-grossing films in the United States and Canada, a market known in the film industry as the North American box office and the domestic box office, and where "gross" is defined in US dollars.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas that includes Star Wars (1977), The Empire Strikes Back (1980), and Return of the Jedi (1983).
The following is a list of cast members who voiced or portrayed characters appearing in the Star Wars film series.
This list of characters from the Star Wars franchise contains only those which are considered part of the official Star Wars canon.
This is a list of comic books set in the fictional Star Wars universe.
This is a list of Star Wars species, containing the names of fictional sentient species from the Star Wars franchise beginning with the letters F through J. Star Wars is an American epic space opera film series created by George Lucas.
A logo (abbreviation of logotype, from λόγος logos "word" and τύπος typos "imprint") is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol used to aid and promote public identification and recognition.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), founded in 1904, is the oldest of London's symphony orchestras.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Daily News is the second-largest-circulating paid daily newspaper of Los Angeles, California.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Lubbock Avalanche-Journal is a newspaper based in Lubbock, Texas, United States.
LucasArts Entertainment Company, LLC is an American video game publisher and licensor.
Lucky Lady is a 1975 American comedy-drama film directed by Stanley Donen and starring Gene Hackman, Liza Minnelli, and Burt Reynolds, with Robby Benson.
Luke Skywalker is a fictional character and the main protagonist of the original film trilogy of the ''Star Wars'' franchise created by George Lucas.
Mann Theatres was a movie theater chain that predominantly operated in the western United States, with a heavy concentration of theaters in Southern California.
Marcia Lou Lucas (née Griffin; born October 4, 1945) is an Oscar-winning American film editor who was most well known for her work on the early 1970s films of Martin Scorsese.
Mark Richard Hamill (born September 25, 1951) is an American stage, screen and voice actor.
A marquee is most commonly a structure placed over the entrance to a hotel or theatre.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.
Marvel Comics is the common name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media.
The Maschinenmensch (German for "robot" or literally "machine-person") is a fictional character in Fritz Lang's film Metropolis, played by German actress Brigitte Helm in both its robot form and human incarnation.
A master shot is a film recording of an entire dramatized scene, from start to finish, from an angle that keeps all the players in view.
Matmata (مطماطة) is a small Berber speaking town in southern Tunisia.
Matthew Robbins (born July 15, 1945) is an American screenwriter and film director best known as for his work within the American New Wave movement.
Maxim is an international men's magazine, devised and launched in the UK in 1995, but based in New York City since 1997, and prominent for its photography of actresses, singers, and female models whose careers are at a current peak.
The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script—the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.
A media franchise, also known as multimedia franchise, is a collection of related media in which several derivative works have been produced from an original creative work, such as a film, a work of literature, a television program or a video game.
Mel Brooks (born Melvin Kaminsky; June 28, 1926) is an American actor, writer, producer, director, comedian, and composer.
Melange, often referred to as simply "the spice", is the name of the fictional drug central to the ''Dune'' series of science fiction novels by Frank Herbert, and derivative works.
Memorial Day or Decoration Day is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering the people who died while serving in the country's armed forces.
Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews of media products: music albums, video games, films, TV shows, and formerly, books.
Metro is the United Kingdom's highest circulation newspaper, published in tabloid format by DMG Media.
Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang.
Michael Leader (12 September 1938 – 22 August 2016) was an English actor known for his roles in the British soap opera EastEnders and in the 1977 film Star Wars.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
The Millennium Falcon is a fictional starship in the Star Wars franchise.
Morris Communications, headquartered in Augusta, Georgia, is a privately held media company with diversified holdings that include magazine publishing, outdoor advertising, book publishing and distribution, visitor publications, and online services.
Mos Eisley is a spaceport town in the fictional Star Wars universe.
The Chalmun's Cantina (often called "Mos Eisley Cantina" or "the Star Wars Cantina") is a fictional bar (cantina) of the Star Wars universe located in the "pirate city" of Mos Eisley on the planet Tatooine.
Motion control photography is a technique used in still and motion photography that enables precise control of, and optionally also allows repetition of, camera movements.
A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen.
Moviefone is an American-based movie listing and information service.
The National Film Registry (NFR) is the United States National Film Preservation Board's (NFPB) selection of films deserving of preservation.
The National Recording Registry is a list of sound recordings that "are culturally, historically, or aesthetically important, and/or inform or reflect life in the United States." The registry was established by the National Recording Preservation Act of 2000, which created the National Recording Preservation Board, whose members are appointed by the Librarian of Congress.
The National Toy Hall of Fame is an American hall of fame that recognizes the contributions of toys and games that have sustained their popularity for many years.
Nefta (or Nafta) is a town and oasis in Tunisia, close to the Algerian border, and just north of the Chott el Djerid.
New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the "American New Wave," refers to a movement in American film history from the mid-to-late 1960s to the early 1980s when a new generation of young filmmakers came to prominence in the United States.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New York, New York is a 1977 American musical drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by Mardik Martin and Earl Mac Rauch based on a story by Rauch.
Nicholas King Nolte (born February 8, 1941) is an American actor, producer, author, and former model.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Obi-Wan "Ben" Kenobi is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise.
Operation Chastise was an attack on German dams carried out on 16–17 May 1943 by Royal Air Force No. 617 Squadron, later called the Dam Busters, using a purpose-built "bouncing bomb" developed by Barnes Wallis.
George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film.
Paul Hirsch (born November 14, 1945) is an American film editor.
Pauline Kael (June 19, 1919 – September 3, 2001) was an American film critic who wrote for The New Yorker magazine from 1968 to 1991.
People is an American weekly magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Meredith Corporation.
Perry Firestone King (born April 30, 1948) is an American television and film actor.
Perspective (from perspicere "to see through") in the graphic arts is an approximate representation, generally on a flat surface (such as paper), of an image as it is seen by the eye.
Peter Biskind is an American cultural critic, film historian, journalist, former executive editor of Premiere magazine from 1986 to 1996.
Peter Wilton Cushing (26 May 191311 August 1994) was an English actor best known for his roles in the Hammer Productions horror films of the 1950s, '60s, and '70s, as well as his performance as Grand Moff Tarkin in Star Wars (1977).
Sir Peter Robert Jackson (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter and film producer.
Peter Mayhew (born 19 May 1944) is an English-American actor, best known for portraying Chewbacca in the Star Wars film series.
Philip Mortimer Brown (April 30, 1916 – February 9, 2006) was an American actor.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Phoenix Media/Communications Group is an American, Boston, Massachusetts-based corporation with several publishing and broadcasting interests.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
A pitch is a concise verbal (and sometimes visual) presentation of an idea for a film or TV series generally made by a screenwriter or film director to a film producer or studio executive in the hope of attracting development finance to pay for the writing of a screenplay.
PopMatters is an international online magazine of cultural criticism that covers many aspects of popular culture.
Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, and photography.
Premiere was an American and New York City-based film magazine published by Hachette Filipacchi Media U.S., between 1987 and 2010.
Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan (also Senator Leia Organa or General Leia Organa) is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise, portrayed in films by Carrie Fisher.
Film production on location in Newark, New Jersey, April 2004. Principal photography is the phase of film production in which the movie is filmed, with actors on set and cameras rolling, as distinct from pre-production and post-production.
Prometheus Global Media was a New York City-based B2B media company.
Quark is a 1977 American science fiction sitcom starring Richard Benjamin.
R2-D2, or Artoo-Detoo, is a fictional robot character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise created by George Lucas.
Radio drama (or audio drama, audio play, radio play, radio theater, or audio theater) is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance.
Ralph Angus McQuarrie (June 13, 1929 – March 3, 2012) was an American conceptual designer and illustrator.
Reach plc (formerly known as Trinity Mirror between 1999 and 2018) is a British newspaper, magazine and digital publisher.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
The Alliance to Restore the Republic; colloquially known as the Rebel Alliance, is an interstellar pro-democratic republic coalition of revolutionary factions and clandestine cell systems within the fictional universe of Star Wars.
A retronym is a newer name for an existing thing that differentiates the original form or version from a more recent one.
Return of the Jedi (also known as Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi) is a 1983 American epic space opera film directed by Richard Marquand.
A review aggregator is a system that collects reviews of products and services (such as films, books, video games, software, hardware and cars).
Richard Franklin Chew (born June 28, 1940) is an American film editor, producer, and cinematographer, best known for his Academy Award-winning work on Star Wars (1977), alongside Paul Hirsch and Marcia Lucas.
Richard LeParmentier (July 16, 1946 – April 15, 2013) was an American actor who worked primarily and lived in the United Kingdom, best known for his role as Admiral Motti in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977) and the acerbic police Lt. Santino in Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988).
Richard Warren Schickel (February 10, 1933 – February 18, 2017) was an American film historian, journalist, author, documentarian, and film and literary critic.
Richard A. Baker (born December 8, 1950) is a retired American special make-up effects creator, mostly known for his creature effects and designs.
Sir Ridley Scott (born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer.
Robert Watts (born 23 May 1938)Adam Pirani, Robert Watts: Secrets of "The Temple of Doom", Starlog #94, April 1985, pp 23–26,62.
Robot Chicken is an American stop motion sketch comedy television series, created and executive produced for Adult Swim by Seth Green and Matthew Senreich along with co-head writers Douglas Goldstein and Tom Root.
Roger Christian (born 25 February 1944) is an English set decorator, production designer and feature film director.
Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926) is an American director, producer, and actor.
Roger Joseph Ebert (June 18, 1942 – April 4, 2013) was an American film critic, historian, journalist, screenwriter, and author.
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, or simply Rogue One, is a 2016 American space opera film directed by Gareth Edwards.
Rogue Squadron is a starfighter squadron in the ''Star Wars'' franchise.
Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, screenwriter, and producer, widely known for his disaster films.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
Roscoe Lee Browne (May 2, 1922 – April 11, 2007) was an American actor and director known for his rich voice and dignified bearing.
Rotten Tomatoes is an American review-aggregation website for film and television.
In filmmaking, the rough cut is the second of three stages of offline editing.
Roy William Thomas Jr."Roy Thomas Checklist" Alter Ego Vol.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
A royalty is a payment made by one party, the licensee or franchisee to another that owns a particular asset, the licensor or franchisor for the right to ongoing use of that asset.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
San Diego Comic-Con International is a multi-genre entertainment and comic convention held annually in San Diego, California, United States.
The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
is a 1962 black-and-white Japanese jidaigeki film directed by Akira Kurosawa and starring Toshiro Mifune.
The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films; it was initially created to honor science fiction, fantasy, and horror on film, but has since grown to reward other films belonging to genre fiction, as well as on television and home media releases.
The following is a list of Saturn Award nominees and winners for Best Costume Design (formerly simply Best Costume).
The Saturn Award for Best Director (or Saturn Award for Best Direction) is one of the annual awards given by the American Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films.
The Saturn Award for Best Make-up is one of the annual awards given by the American Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films.
The Saturn Award for Best Music is an award presented by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films to the best music in film.
The Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film is one of the Saturn Awards that has been presented annually since 1972 by Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to the best film in the science fiction genre of the previous year.
The following are a list of Saturn Award nominees and winners for Best Special Effects.
The following is a list of Saturn Award winners and nominees for Best Supporting Actor (in a film).
The Saturn Award for Best Writing is a Saturn Award presented by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is a community or fandom of people interested in science fiction in contact with one another based upon that interest.
Science fiction film (or sci-fi film) is a genre that uses speculative, fictional science-based depictions of phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science, such as extraterrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, extrasensory perception and time travel, along with futuristic elements such as spacecraft, robots, cyborgs, interstellar travel or other technologies.
Scrap consists of recyclable materials left over from product manufacturing and consumption, such as parts of vehicles, building supplies, and surplus materials.
A scuba set is any breathing apparatus that is carried entirely by an underwater diver and provides the diver with breathing gas at the ambient pressure.
Second unit is a discrete team of filmmakers tasked with filming shots or sequences of a production, separate from the main or "first" unit.
Shelagh Fraser (25 November 1920 – 29 August 2000) was an English actress.
Shepperton Studios is a film studio located in Shepperton, Surrey, England with a history dating back to 1931.
A show of force is a military operation intended to warn (such as a warning shot) or to intimidate an opponent by showcasing a capability or will to act if one is provoked.
Sight & Sound is a British monthly film magazine published by the British Film Institute (BFI).
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
A sitcom, short for "situation comedy", is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode.
The Sith are major antagonists in the space opera franchise Star Wars.
Smokey and the Bandit is a 1977 American action comedy film starring Burt Reynolds, Sally Field, Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed, Pat McCormick, Paul Williams and Mike Henry.
Sorcerer is a 1977 American thriller film directed and produced by William Friedkin and starring Roy Scheider, Bruno Cremer, Francisco Rabal, and Amidou.
Sound design is the art and practice of creating sound tracks for a variety of needs.
A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games, music, or other media.
Space opera is a subgenre of science fiction that emphasizes space warfare, melodramatic adventure, interplanetary battles, chivalric romance, and risk-taking.
A space station, also known as an orbital station or an orbital space station, is a spacecraft capable of supporting crewmembers, which is designed to remain in space (most commonly as an artificial satellite in low Earth orbit) for an extended period of time and for other spacecraft to dock.
Space Western is a subgenre of science fiction which uses the themes and tropes of Westerns within science fiction stories.
Spaceballs is a 1987 American comic science fiction film co-written, produced and directed by Mel Brooks.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX) are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world.
Special Effects: Anything Can Happen is an American documentary film directed by Academy Award-winning sound designer Ben Burtt and narrated by John Lithgow.
Splinter of the Mind's Eye is a 1978 science fiction novel written by Alan Dean Foster.
Stan Freberg (born Stanley Friberg; August 7, 1926 – April 7, 2015) was an American author, actor, recording artist, voice artist, comedian, radio personality, puppeteer and advertising creative director, whose career began in 1944.
Stanley Kauffmann (April 24, 1916 – October 9, 2013) was an American author, editor, and critic of film and theater.
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.
Star Wars is a comic book series published by Marvel Comics from April 12, 1977 to May 27, 1986.
An expanded radio dramatization of the original Star Wars trilogy was produced in 1981, 1983, and 1996.
Star Wars (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) is the film score to the 1977 film Star Wars, composed and conducted by John Williams and performed by the London Symphony Orchestra.
Star Wars Celebration is a fan gathering to celebrate the Star Wars franchise.
Star Wars Day, May4, celebrates George Lucas' Star Wars.
Star Wars expanded to other media includes all Star Wars fictional material produced by Lucasfilm or officially licensed by it outside of the films.
The Star Wars Holiday Special is a 1978 American musical science fiction television film set in the ''Star Wars'' galaxy.
The opening crawl is the signature device of every numbered film of the Star Wars series, an American epic space opera franchise created by George Lucas.
The Star Wars sequel trilogy is the third set of three films in the Star Wars franchise, an American space opera created by George Lucas.
The Star Wars franchise has spawned over one hundred computer, video, and board games, dating back to some of the earliest home consoles.
Star Wars: Battlefront is a series of first- and third-person shooter video games based on the Star Wars films.
Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera written and directed by George Lucas, produced by Lucasfilm and distributed by 20th Century Fox.
Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones is a 2002 American epic space opera film directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales.
Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith is a 2005 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is an action video game based on the movie of the same name.
Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker is the original title of the novelization of the 1977 film Star Wars.
Star Wars: The Clone Wars is a 2008 American 3D animated military science fiction action-adventure film set within the Star Wars universe, leading into a TV series of the same name produced by Lucasfilm Animation.
Star Wars: The Force Awakens (also known as Star Wars: Episode VII – The Force Awakens) is a 2015 American epic space opera film produced, co-written and directed by J. J. Abrams.
Stephen Glenn Martin (born August 14, 1945) is an American actor, comedian, writer, producer, and musician.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
Stop motion is an animated-film making technique in which objects are physically manipulated in small increments between individually photographed frames so that they appear to exhibit independent motion when the series of frames is played back as a fast sequence.
A stormtrooper is a fictional soldier in the ''Star Wars'' franchise created by George Lucas.
A storyboard is a graphic organizer in the form of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence.
Stuart Freeborn (5 September 1914 – 5 February 2013) was an English motion picture make-up artist.
In the visual arts, style is a "...distinctive manner which permits the grouping of works into related categories" or "...any distinctive, and therefore recognizable, way in which an act is performed or an artifact made or ought to be performed and made".
In books and other works, a subtitle is an explanatory or alternate title.
Sun-Times Media Group (formerly Hollinger International) is a Chicago-based newspaper publisher.
Super 8mm film is a motion picture film format released in 1965 by Eastman Kodak as an improvement over the older "Double" or "Regular" 8 mm home movie format.
Suzy Rice (Susan Elizabeth Rice) is a screenwriter, author of fiction, painter and designer.
Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, producer and filmmaker.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
A T-shirt (or t shirt, or tee) is a style of unisex fabric shirt named after the T shape of its body and sleeves.
Tarzan (John Clayton, Viscount Greystoke) is a fictional character, an archetypal feral child raised in the African jungle by the Mangani great apes; he later experiences civilization only to largely reject it and return to the wild as a heroic adventurer.
Tatooine is a fictional desert planet that appears in the Star Wars space opera franchise.
Taxi Driver is a 1976 American neo-noir psychological thriller film directed by Martin Scorsese, written by Paul Schrader, and starring Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster, Cybill Shepherd, Harvey Keitel, Peter Boyle, Albert Brooks and Leonard Harris.
The Telegraph Media Group (TMG, previously the Telegraph Group) is the proprietor of The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph.
Terri Kathleen Nunn (born June 26, 1961), is an American singer and actress.
The Art of Star Wars is a series of books by various editors featuring concept art from the Star Wars motion picture saga.
The Big Breakfast is a British light entertainment television that was broadcast on Channel 4 and S4C each weekday morning from 28 September 1992 until 29 March 2002, during which period 2,482 shows were produced.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Dallas Morning News is a daily newspaper serving the Dallas–Fort Worth area of Texas, with an average of 271,900 daily subscribers.
The Dam Busters is a 1955 British epic war film starring Michael Redgrave and Richard Todd.
The Empire Strikes Back (also known as Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back) is a 1980 American epic space opera film directed by Irvin Kershner.
The Exorcist is an American media franchise that originated with William Peter Blatty's 1971 horror novel of the same name and most prominently featured in a 1973 film adapted from the novel, and many subsequent prequels and sequels.
The Force is a metaphysical and ubiquitous power in the Star Wars fictional universe.
The Gazette is a Pulitzer Prize-winning daily newspaper based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States.
The Godfather is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Albert S. Ruddy, based on Mario Puzo's best-selling novel of the same name.
The Great Movies is the name of several publications, both online and in print, from the film critic Roger Ebert.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hero with a Thousand Faces (first published in 1949) is a work of comparative mythology by American mythologist Joseph Campbell.
is a 1958 jidaigeki adventure film directed by Akira Kurosawa and starring Toshiro Mifune as General and Misa Uehara as Princess Yuki.
The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is a multi-platform American digital and print magazine founded in 1930 and focusing on the Hollywood film industry, television, and entertainment industries, as well as Hollywood's intersection with fashion, finance, law, technology, lifestyle, and politics.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Jerusalem Post is a broadsheet newspaper based in Jerusalem, founded in 1932 during the British Mandate of Palestine by Gershon Agron as The Palestine Post.
The Lord of the Rings is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson.
The McClatchy Company is a publicly traded American publishing company based in Sacramento, California.
The Modesto Bee is a California newspaper, founded in 1884 as the Daily Evening News and published continuously as a daily under a variety of names.
The Morning Call is a daily newspaper based in Allentown, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.
The New Republic is a liberal American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Company is an American media company which publishes its namesake, The New York Times.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Numbers is a movie industry data website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic, algorithmic way.
The Other Side of Midnight is a novel by American writer Sidney Sheldon published in 1973.
The Other Side of Midnight is a 1977 American drama film directed by Charles Jarrott and starring Marie-France Pisier, John Beck, and Susan Sarandon.
The People vs.
The Phoenix (stylized as The Phœnix) was the name of several alternative weekly periodicals published in the United States of America by Phoenix Media/Communications Group of Boston, Massachusetts, including the Portland Phoenix and the now-defunct Boston Phoenix, Providence Phoenix and Worcester Phoenix.
The Recording Academy (formerly the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences or NARAS) is a U.S. organization of musicians, producers, recording engineers, and other recording professionals.
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
The Six Million Dollar Man is an American science fiction and action television series about a former astronaut, Colonel Steve Austin, portrayed by American actor Lee Majors.
The StarPhoenix is a daily newspaper that serves Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, and is a part of Postmedia Network.
The Story Of Star Wars is a 1977 record album presenting an abridged version of the events depicted in the film Star Wars, using dialogue and sound effects from the original film.
The Terminator is a 1984 American science-fiction action film directed by James Cameron.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
TheWrap is an entertainment and media news website founded by Sharon Waxman in 2009.
THX 1138 is a 1971 American science-fiction film set in a dystopian future in which the populace is controlled through android police and mandatory use of drugs that suppress emotions.
TIE fighters are fictional starfighters in the Star Wars universe.
Tikal (Tik’al in modern Mayan orthography) is the ruin of an ancient city, which was likely to have been called Yax Mutal, found in a rainforest in Guatemala.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Time Inc. was an American worldwide mass media corporation founded on November 28, 1922 by Henry Luce and Briton Hadden and based in New York City.
Titanic is a 1997 American epic romance-disaster film directed, written, co-produced and co-edited by James Cameron.
Thomas William Chantrell (20 December 1916 – 15 July 2001), generally known as Tom Chantrell, was a British illustrator and film poster artist.
Thomas Jung (born February 13, 1942) is an American advertising art director, graphic designer and illustrator best known for his movie poster art, and a motion picture storyboard artist.
Tom Shone is an American film critic and writer.
was a Japanese actor who appeared in almost 170 feature films.
Tozeur (توزر, Berber: Tuzer / ⵜⵓⵣⴻⵔ) is an oasis and a city in south west Tunisia.
A tractor beam is a device with the ability to attract one object to another from a distance.
A travel agency is a private retailer or public service that provides travel and tourism related services to the public on behalf of suppliers such as activities, airlines, car rentals, cruise lines, hotels, railways, travel insurance, and package tours.
Tronc, Inc. (stylized as tronc; formerly Tribune Publishing) is an American newspaper print and online media publishing company based in Chicago, Illinois.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
United Artists (UA) is an American film and television entertainment studio.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Van Nuys is a neighborhood in the central San Fernando Valley region of the city of Los Angeles in California.
A vanishing point is a point on the image plane of a perspective drawing where the two-dimensional perspective projections (or drawings) of mutually parallel lines in three-dimensional space appear to converge.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.
Variety shows, also known as variety arts or variety entertainment, is entertainment made up of a variety of acts including musical performances, sketch comedy, magic, acrobatics, juggling, and ventriloquism.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
Vice is a Canadian-American print magazine focused on arts, culture, and news topics.
Video 2000 (also known as V2000, with the tape standard Video Compact Cassette, or VCC) is a consumer videocassette system and analogue recording standard developed by Philips and Grundig to compete with JVC's VHS and Sony's Betamax video technologies.
Vincent Canby (July 27, 1924 – October 15, 2000) was an American film and theatre critic who served as the chief film critic for The New York Times from 1969 until the early 1990s, then its chief theatre critic from 1994 until his death in 2000.
Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986) was an American stage director and film director, famous for directing such classic movie musicals as Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), Gigi (1958), The Band Wagon (1953), and An American in Paris (1951).
Voice acting is the art of performing voice-overs or providing voices to represent a character or to provide information to an audience or user.
Walt Disney Pictures, Inc. is an American film studio and a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company.
The Walt Disney Studios is an American film studio, one of the four major businesses of The Walt Disney Company and the main component of its Studio Entertainment segment.
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment (incorporated as Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Inc. since 1997, also known as Disney–ABC Home Entertainment and Television Distribution and formerly known as Walt Disney Telecommunications & Non-Theatrical Company from 1980 to 1987 and eventually Buena Vista Home Video until 1997) is the home video distribution division of The Walt Disney Company.
Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (originally established as Buena Vista Film Distribution Company, Inc., Buena Vista Distribution Company, Inc. and Buena Vista Pictures Distribution, Inc.) is an American film distributor owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Walter Leland Cronkite Jr. (November 4, 1916 – July 17, 2009) was an American broadcast journalist who served as anchorman for the CBS Evening News for 19 years (1962–1981).
Walter E. Grauman (March 17, 1922 – March 20, 2015) was an American director of stage shows, films and television shows.
War film is a film genre concerned with warfare, typically about naval, air, or land battles, with combat scenes central to the drama.
Wedge Antilles is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise. He is a supporting character portrayed by Denis Lawson in the original ''Star Wars'' trilogy. Antilles is a starfighter pilot for the Rebel Alliance, and founded Rogue Squadron with his friend Luke Skywalker. Wedge is notable for being the only Rebel pilot to have survived both attack runs on the Death Stars at the battles of Yavin and Endor. He also appears in the ''Star Wars'' expanded universe, most notably as the lead character in most of the X-Wing novels.
WEHCO Media, Inc., based in Little Rock, AR is a privately held media company with holdings that include newspapers, cable television systems, and internet service.
The West Country is a loosely defined area of south western England.
Willard Huyck (born September 8, 1945) is an American screenwriter, director and producer, best known for his association with George Lucas.
William Friedkin (born August 29, 1935)Biskind, p. 200.
William Theodore Katt (born February 16, 1951) is an American film and television actor, voice artist and musician best known as the star of the television series The Greatest American Hero.
Examples of various wipe transitions A wipe is a type of film transition where one shot replaces another by travelling from one side of the frame to another or with a special shape.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Witness is a 1985 American crime thriller film directed by Peter Weir and starring Harrison Ford and Kelly McGillis.
Heywood Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is an American director, writer, actor, comedian, and musician whose career spans more than six decades.
Wookiees are a fictional species of intelligent bipeds from the planet Kashyyyk in the Star Wars universe.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
WorldCat is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of 72,000 libraries in 170 countries and territories that participate in the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) global cooperative.
Wrapports LLC is the American-based privately owned former publisher of the Chicago Sun-Times and the Chicago Reader.
The Writers Guild of America is the joint efforts of two different US labor unions representing TV and film writers.
The X-wing starfighter is a fictional spacecraft from the original and sequel Star Wars trilogies and the ''Star Wars'' expanded universe.
The Xbox is a home video game console and the first installment in the Xbox series of consoles manufactured by Microsoft.
Yahoo! Movies (formerly Upcoming Movies), provided by the Yahoo! network, is home to a large collection of information on movies, past and new releases, trailers and clips, box office information, and showtimes and movie theater information.
Yavin (also known as "Yavin Prime", to distinguish it from its moons) is a fictional planet in the Star Wars galaxy.
is a 1961 samurai film directed by Akira Kurosawa.
A zoo (short for zoological garden or zoological park and also called an animal park or menagerie) is a facility in which all animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a science-fiction narrative, produced in 1968 as both a novel, written by Arthur C. Clarke, and a film, directed by Stanley Kubrick.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a 1968 epic science fiction film produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox.
Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment LLC (formerly Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, Inc., doing business as 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment) is the home video distribution arm of the 20th Century Fox film studio.
20th Century Fox Records, also known as 20th Fox Records and 20th Century Records, was a wholly owned subsidiary of film studio 20th Century Fox.
The 35th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television for 1977, were held on January 28, 1978.
A three-dimensional stereoscopic film (also known as three-dimensional sangu, 3D film or S3D film) is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension.
The 50th Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California on April 3, 1978.
633 Squadron is a 1964 British film that depicts the exploits of a fictional World War II British fighter-bomber squadron and stars Cliff Robertson, George Chakiris, and Maria Perschy.
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