56 relations: Albert Norden, Amnesty, Bernard Koenen, Bernhard Quandt, Bourgeoisie, Christian Democratic Union (East Germany), Communist Party of Germany, Cultural Association of the GDR, Democracy, Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany, Democratic Women's League of Germany, East German general election, 1990, East Germany, Egon Krenz, Erich Grützner, Erich Honecker, Ernst Goldenbaum, Federalism, Free German Trade Union Federation, Free German Youth, Friedrich Ebert Jr., Günter Mittag, Günther Maleuda, Gerald Götting, German language, German reunification, Harry Tisch, Head of state, Horst Sindermann, Johanna Töpfer, Johannes Dieckmann, Kurt Hager, Leadership of East Germany, Letter of credence, Liberal Democratic Party of Germany, Manfred Gerlach, Maria Schneider (politician), National Defense Council of East Germany, National Democratic Party of Germany (East Germany), National Front (East Germany), Otto Gotsche, Otto Grotewohl, Pardon, Paul Verner, Peter Adolf Thiessen, Peter Florin, Sabine Bergmann-Pohl, Socialist Unity Party of Germany, Soviet Union, State decoration, ..., Volkskammer, Walter Ulbricht, Weimar Republic, West Germany, Wilhelm Pieck, Willi Stoph. Expand index (6 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Norden (4 December 1904 – 30 May 1982) was a German communist politician.
Amnesty (from the Greek ἀμνηστία amnestia, "forgetfulness, passing over") is defined as: "A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of people, usually for a political offense; the act of a sovereign power officially forgiving certain classes of people who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted." It includes more than pardon, inasmuch as it obliterates all legal remembrance of the offense.
Bernard Koenen (born Hamburg 17 February 1889: died Berlin 30 April 1964) was a German politician.
Bernhard Quandt (14 April 1903 in Rostock; – 6 August 1999 in Schwerin) was a German politician (SPD, KPD, SED).
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich-Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) was an East German political party founded in 1945.
The Communist Party of Germany (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956.
The Cultural Association of the GDR (Kulturbund der DDR, KB) was a federation of local clubs in the German Democratic Republic (GDR).
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
The Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany (Demokratische Bauernpartei Deutschlands, DBD) was an East German political party.
The Democratic Women's League of Germany (German Demokratischer Frauenbund Deutschlands, or DFD) was the mass women's organisation in East Germany.
Legislative elections were held in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) on 18 March 1990.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Egon Rudi Ernst Krenz (born 19 March 1937) is a former East German politician who was the last communist leader of East Germany during the final months of 1989.
Erich Grützner (born Pirna 30 July 1910: died Leipzig 21 November 2001) was an East German Trades unionist and a senior official in the country's ruling SED (party).
Erich Honecker (25 August 1912 – 29 May 1994) was a German politician who, as the General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party, led the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1971 until the weeks preceding the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. From 1976 onward he was also the country's official head of state as chairman of the State Council following Willi Stoph's relinquishment of the post. Honecker's political career began in the 1930s when he became an official of the Communist Party of Germany, a position for which he was imprisoned during the Nazi era. Following World War II, he was freed and soon relaunched his political activities, founding the youth organisation the Free German Youth in 1946 and serving as the group's chairman until 1955. As the Security Secretary of the Party’s Central Committee in the new East German state, he was the prime organiser of the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 and, in this function, bore responsibility for the "order to fire" along the Inner German border. In 1971, he initiated a political power struggle that led, with Soviet support, to his replacing Walter Ulbricht as First Secretary of the Central Committee and as chairman of the state's National Defense Council. Under his command, the country adopted a programme of "consumer socialism" and moved toward the international community by normalising relations with West Germany and also becoming a full member of the UN, in what is considered one of his greatest political successes. As Cold War tensions eased in the late 1980s under perestroika and glasnost, the liberal reforms of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Honecker refused all but cosmetic changes to the East German political system, citing the continual hardliner attitudes of Kim Il-sung and Fidel Castro, whose respective regimes of North Korea and Cuba had been critical of reforms, leaders who ruthlessly suppressed opposition. As anticommunist protests grew, Honecker begged the USSR to intervene and suppress the protests to maintain communist rule in East Germany like the Prague Spring of 1968 and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956; Gorbachev refused. Honecker was forced to resign by his party in October 1989 in a bid to improve the government's image before the public. Honecker's eighteen years at the helm of the soon-to-collapse German Democratic Republic came to an end. Following German reunification, he sought asylum in the Chilean embassy in Moscow in 1991 but was extradited back to Germany a year later to stand trial for his role in the human rights abuses committed by the East German government. However, the proceedings were abandoned due to illness and he was freed from custody to travel to join his family in exile in Chile, where he died in May 1994 from liver cancer.
Ernst Goldenbaum (15 December 1898, Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin – 13 March 1990) was an East German politician.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
The Free German Trade Union Federation, in German Freier Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund (FDGB), was an East German organisation that existed between 1946 and 1990.
The Free German Youth, also known as the FDJ (Freie Deutsche Jugend), is a youth movement in Germany.
Friedrich "Fritz" Ebert Jr. (12 September 1894 – 4 December 1979) was a German politician and East German communist official, the son of Germany's first President Friedrich Ebert.
Günter Mittag (8 October 1926 – 18 March 1994) was a German member of parliament, secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), and a central figure in the German planned economy.
Günther Maleuda (20 January 1931 – 18 July 2012) was an East German politician.
Gerald Götting (9 June 1923 - 19 May 2015) was a German politician and chairman of the East German Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 1966 until 1989.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
Harry Tisch in 1983. Harry Tisch (March 28, 1927, Heinrichswalde – June 18, 1995) was the head of the Free German Trade Union Federation between 1975 and 1989.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Horst Sindermann (5 September 1915 – 20 April 1990) was a Communist German politician and one of the leaders of East Germany.
Johanna Töpfer, née Schrocko (3 April 1929 – 7 January 1990), was an East German politician and Deputy Director of the FDGB.
Johannes Dieckmann (19 January 1893 – 22 February 1969) was a German journalist and politician.
Kurt Hager (24 July 1912 – 18 September 1998) was an East German statesman, a member of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany who was known as the chief ideologist of the party and decided many cultural and educational policies in East Germany.
The political leadership of East Germany was in the hands of several offices.
A letter of credence (Lettres de créance) is a formal diplomatic letter that appoints a diplomat as ambassador to another sovereign state.
The Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (Liberal-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands, LDPD) was a political party in East Germany.
Manfred Gerlach (8 May 1928 – 17 October 2011) was a German jurist and politician (LDPD).
Maria Schneider (born 9 February 1923) is a former German politician (SED).
The National Defense Council of the German Democratic Republic (GDR - East Germany) (German: Nationaler Verteidigungsrat der DDR - NVR) was created in 1960 as the supreme state body of the GDR in charge of national defense matters, including mobilization planning.
The National-Democratic Party of Germany (National-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands, NDPD) was an East German political party that acted as an organisation for former members of the NSDAP, the Wehrmacht and middle classes.
The National Front of the German Democratic Republic (Nationale Front der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, NF), until 1973 the National Front of Democratic Germany Nationale Front des Demokratischen Deutschlands), was an alliance (Popular Front) of political parties and mass organisations in East Germany (also known as a Blockpartei). The NF was controlled by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany and was formed to stand in elections to the East German parliament, the Volkskammer ("People's Chamber").
Otto Gotsche (3 July 1904 - 17 December 1985) was a German political activist (KPD) and writer.
Otto Grotewohl (11 March 1894 – 21 September 1964) was a German politician and the first prime minister of the German Democratic Republic from 1949 until his death in 1964.
A pardon is a government decision to allow a person to be absolved of guilt for an alleged crime or other legal offense, as if the act never occurred.
Paul Verner (26 April 1911 – 12 December 1986) was a German communist politician.
Peter Adolf Thiessen (6 April 1899 – 5 March 1990) was a German physical chemist.
Peter Florin (2 October 1921 – 17 February 2014) was an East German politician and diplomat.
Sabine Bergmann-Pohl (née Schulz; born 20 April 1946) is a German doctor and politician.
The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, SED), established in April 1946, was the governing Marxist–Leninist political party of the German Democratic Republic from the country's foundation in October 1949 until it was dissolved after the Peaceful Revolution in 1989.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A state decoration is an object, such as a medal or the insignia of an order, that is awarded by a sovereign state to honor the recipient.
The People's Chamber (German: Volkskammer) was the unicameral legislature of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht (30 June 18931 August 1973) was a German Communist politician.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
Friedrich Wilhelm Reinhold Pieck (3 January 1876 – 7 September 1960) was a German politician and Communist.
Willi Stoph (9 July 1914 – 13 April 1999) was an East German politician.