49 relations: Al Qadarif (state), Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Arabic, Bahr el Ghazal (region of South Sudan), Blue Nile (state), Central Darfur, Central Equatoria, Counties of South Sudan, Darfur, Darfur Regional Authority, Districts of Sudan, East Darfur, Eastern Equatoria, Eastern Front (Sudan), Eastern Sudan States Coordinating Council, English language, Equatoria, Federated state, Funj Sultanate, Gezira (state), ISO 3166-2:SD, Jonglei State, Kassala (state), Khartoum (state), Kingdom of Kush, Kordofan, Lakes (state), List of current state governors in Sudan, Mudiriyah, North Darfur, North Kordofan, Northern state, Sudan, Province, Red Sea (state), River Nile (state), Sennar (state), South Darfur, South Kordofan, South Sudan, State government, States of South Sudan, Sudan, Upper Nile (state), West Darfur, West Kordofan, Western Equatoria, White Nile (state), Wilayah, World War II.
Al Qadarif, also spelt Gadaref or Gadarif, is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (السودان الإنجليزي المصري) was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Bahr el Ghazal is a historical region of northwestern South Sudan.
Blue Nile (النيل الأزرق) is one of the eighteen states of the Republic of Sudan.
Central Darfur State (Wilāyat Wasaṭ Dārfūr) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
Central Equatoria State was one of the original ten states of South Sudan.
The 32 states of South Sudan are divided into 183 counties.
Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.
The Darfur Regional Authority (السلطة الإنتقالية الإقليمية لدارفور, al-slTa al-intqalia al-iqlimia al-darfor) was an interim governing body for the Darfur region of the Republic of Sudan.
Before the independence of South Sudan, the States of Sudan were subdivided into 133 districts.
East Darfur State (Wilāyat Šarq Dārfūr; Sharq Darfur) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
Eastern Equatoria is one of the ten states of South Sudan.
The Eastern Front is a coalition of rebel groups operating in eastern Sudan along the border with Eritrea, particularly the states of Red Sea and Kassala.
The Eastern Sudan States Coordinating Council is a body established by the Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement signed by the Government of Sudan and the rebel Eastern Front in June 2006.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Equatoria is a region of southern South Sudan, along the upper reaches of the White Nile.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
The Funj Sultanate of Sennar (sometimes spelled Sinnar; also known as the Funj Monarchy, Funj Caliphate or Funj Kingdom; traditionally known in Sudan as the Blue Sultanate due to the Sudanese convention of referring to African peoples as blue) was a sultanate in what is now Sudan, northwestern Eritrea and western Ethiopia, named after the Funj ethnic group of its dynasty, or Sinnar (or Sennar) after its capital, which ruled a substantial area of northeast Africa between 1504 and 1821.
Gezira, (Madani) also spelt Al Jazirah, is one of the 18 states of Sudan.
ISO 3166-2:SD is the entry for Sudan in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Jonglei is a state of South Sudan.
Kassala (Arabic: كسلا, called Ash Sharqiyah during 1991—1994) is one of the 18 wilayat (states) of Sudan.
Khartoum State (ولاية الخرطوم Wilāyat al-Ḫarṭūm) is one of the eighteen states of Sudan.
The Kingdom of Kush or Kush was an ancient kingdom in Nubia, located at the confluences of the Blue Nile, White Nile and the Atbarah River in what are now Sudan and South Sudan.
Kordofan (كردفان) is a former province of central Sudan.
Lakes (al-Buhayrat) was one of the ten states of South Sudan.
The following table presents a listing of Sudan's state governors.
Mudiriyah (plural Mudiriyat), meaning "directorate" (from مدير mudir, meaning "director"), is an administrative subdivision also known in English as mudirate,Nachtigal, Gustav (1971) Sahara and Sudan: Wadai and Darfur (Volume 4 of Sahara and Sudan) Hurst, London,, and often translated as "province".
North Darfur State (ولاية شمال دارفور Wilāyat Šamāl Dārfūr; Shamal Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan.
North Kordofan (شمال كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
Northern is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
Red Sea is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
River Nile (ولاية نهر النيل) is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
Sennar is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
South Darfur State (ولاية جنوب دارفور Wilāyat Ǧanūb Dārfūr; Janob Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan.
South Kordofan (جنوب كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or provinces of Sudan.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government.
The States of South Sudan were created out of the three historic former provinces (and contemporary regions) of Bahr el Ghazal (northwest), Equatoria (southern), and Greater Upper Nile (northeast).
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Upper Nile was one of the states of South Sudan.
West Darfur State (Wilāyat Ḡarb Dārfūr; Gharb Darfor) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
West Kordofan (غرب كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or provinces of Sudan.
Western Equatoria State was one of the 10 states of South Sudan.
White Nile is one of the 18 wilayat or states of Sudan.
A wilayah (ولاية; Urdu and ولایت; vilayet) is an administrative division, usually translated as "state", "province", or occasionally as "governorate".
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.