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Steam turbine

Index Steam turbine

A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft. [1]

137 relations: AEG, Aeolipile, Ahmad Y. al-Hassan, Alstom, Angular momentum, ASME, Aurel Stodola, Auxiliary ship, Balancing machine, Battle of Jutland, Battlecruiser, Battleship, Bharat Heavy Electricals, Blue-water navy, Boiler, Boiler feedwater, Boiler feedwater pump, Buckley-class destroyer escort, C. A. Parsons and Company, Centrifugal governor, Centrifugal pump, Charles Algernon Parsons, Combined cycle, Compounding of steam turbines, Concentrated solar power, Control volume, Creep (deformation), Degree of reaction, Desalination, Destroyer, Deutsche Reichsbahn, Diesel engine, Direct drive mechanism, Dongfang Electric, Doosan Škoda Power, Droop speed control, Dynamo, Ecuadorian Navy, Egypt (Roman province), Egyptian Navy, Electric generator, Electricity generation, Enthalpy, ETH Zurich, Fatigue (material), Feedwater heater, Ferdinand Verbiest, First law of thermodynamics, Fossil fuel power station, French Navy, ..., Fuelling station, Gas turbine, Gear, General Electric, George Westinghouse, Geothermal gradient, Giovanni Branca, Grain boundary strengthening, Gustaf de Laval, Hammer blow, Harbin Electric, Hawaii, Heat engine, Hero of Alexandria, Icebreaker, Indian Navy, Isentropic process, Jacking gear, James Watt, Japan, John Brown & Company, John Wilkins, Krupp, LNG carrier, Long Beach, California, Marine steam engine, McGraw-Hill Education, Mercury vapour turbine, Mexican Navy, Microstructure, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nozzle, Nuclear marine propulsion, Nuclear power plant, Ottoman Egypt, Philippines, Pressure compounding in turbines, Product (mathematics), Rankine cycle, Redox, Refractory, Republic of China Navy, Rhenium, Roasting jack, Rotation around a fixed axis, Rotisserie, Royal Navy, Ruthenium, S&P Global Platts, Sailor, Shanghai Electric, Siemens, Stator, Steam, Steam locomotive, Steam turbine governing, Steamship, Submarine, Superalloy, Superheated steam, Superheater, Surface condenser, Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf, Tesla turbine, Thermal efficiency, Thermal energy, Thermal power station, Thermal shock, Thermodynamics, Throttle, Thrust bearing, Toshiba, Turbine, Turbinia, Turbo-electric transmission, Type 051B destroyer, United States Navy, University of Aleppo, University of Queensland, Vapor quality, Velocity triangle, Washington Naval Treaty, Wasp-class amphibious assault ship, Work (physics), World War I, World War II, Zirconium dioxide. Expand index (87 more) »


Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AG (AEG) (German: "General electricity company") was a German producer of electrical equipment founded as the Deutsche Edison-Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektricität in 1883 in Berlin by Emil Rathenau.

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An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero's engine, is a simple bladeless radial steam turbine which spins when the central water container is heated.

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Ahmad Y. al-Hassan

Ahmad Yousef Al-Hassan (أحمد يوسف الحسن) (June 25, 1925 – April 28, 2012) was a Palestinian/Syrian/Canadian historian of Arabic and Islamic science and technology, educated in Jerusalem, Cairo, and London with a PhD in Mechanical engineering from University College London.

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Alstom is a French multinational company operating worldwide in rail transport markets, active in the fields of passenger transportation, signalling and locomotives, with products including the AGV, TGV, Eurostar, and Pendolino high-speed trains, in addition to suburban, regional and metro trains, and Citadis trams.

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Angular momentum

In physics, angular momentum (rarely, moment of momentum or rotational momentum) is the rotational equivalent of linear momentum.

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The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization.

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Aurel Stodola

Aurel Boleslav Stodola (10 May 1859 – 25 December 1942) was a Slovak engineer, physicist, and inventor.

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Auxiliary ship

An auxiliary ship is a naval ship designed to operate in any number of roles supporting combatant ships and other naval operations.

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Balancing machine

A balancing machine is a measuring tool used for balancing rotating machine parts such as rotors for electric motors, fans, turbines, disc brakes, disc drives, propellers and pumps.

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Battle of Jutland

The Battle of Jutland (Skagerrakschlacht, the Battle of Skagerrak) was a naval battle fought by the British Royal Navy's Grand Fleet under Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, against the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet under Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer during the First World War.

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The battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a type of capital ship of the first half of the 20th century.

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A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.

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Bharat Heavy Electricals

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) owned and founded by the Government of India, is an engineering and manufacturing company based in New Delhi, India.

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Blue-water navy

A blue-water navy is a maritime force capable of operating globally, essentially across the deep waters of open oceans.

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A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.

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Boiler feedwater

Boiler feedwater is an essential part of boiler operations.

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Boiler feedwater pump

A boiler feedwater pump is a specific type of pump used to pump feedwater into a steam boiler.

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Buckley-class destroyer escort

The Buckley-class destroyer escorts were 102 destroyer escorts launched in the United States in 1943–44.

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C. A. Parsons and Company


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Centrifugal governor

A centrifugal governor is a specific type of governor with a feedback system that controls the speed of an engine by regulating the amount of fuel (or working fluid) admitted, so as to maintain a near-constant speed, irrespective of the load or fuel-supply conditions.

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Centrifugal pump

Centrifugal pumps are a sub-class of dynamic axisymmetric work-absorbing turbomachinery.

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Charles Algernon Parsons

Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, (13 June 1854 – 11 February 1931), the son of a member of the Irish peerage,http://www.tcd.ie/Secretary/FellowsScholars/discourses/discourses/1968_Lord%20Rosse%20on%20W.%20Parsons.pdf was an Anglo-Irish engineer, best known for his invention of the compound steam turbine, and as the namesake of C. A. Parsons and Company.

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Combined cycle

In electric power generation a combined cycle is an assembly of heat engines that work in tandem from the same source of heat, converting it into mechanical energy, which in turn usually drives electrical generators.

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Compounding of steam turbines

Compounding of steam turbines is the method in which energy from the steam is extracted in a number of stages rather than a single stage in a turbine.

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Concentrated solar power

Concentrated solar power (also called concentrating solar power, concentrated solar thermal, and CSP) systems generate solar power by using mirrors or lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight, or solar thermal energy, onto a small area.

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Control volume

In continuum mechanics and thermodynamics, a control volume is a mathematical abstraction employed in the process of creating mathematical models of physical processes.

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Creep (deformation)

In materials science, creep (sometimes called cold flow) is the tendency of a solid material to move slowly or deform permanently under the influence of mechanical stresses.

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Degree of reaction

In turbomachinery, Degree of reaction or reaction ratio (R) is defined as the ratio of the static pressure drop in the rotor to the static pressure drop in the stage or as the ratio of static enthalpy drop in the rotor to the static enthalpy drop in the stage.

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Desalination is a process that extracts mineral components from saline water.

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In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.

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Deutsche Reichsbahn

The Deutsche Reichsbahn, also known as the German National Railway, the German State Railway, German Reich Railway, and the German Imperial Railway, was the name of the German national railway system created after the end of World War I from the regional railways of the individual states of the German Empire.

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Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

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Direct drive mechanism

A direct drive mechanism is one that takes the power coming from a motor without any reductions (such as a gearbox).

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Dongfang Electric

Dongfang Electric Corporation is a Chinese publicly traded corporation engaged in the manufacturing of power generators and the contracts of power station projects.

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Doosan Škoda Power

Doosan Škoda Power, a part of global company Doosan, is a manufacturer and supplier of equipment for power stations, machine rooms especially equipped for steam turbines.

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Droop speed control

In electrical power generation, droop speed control is a speed control mode of a prime mover driving a synchronous generator connected to an electrical grid.

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A dynamo is an electrical generator that creates direct current using a commutator.

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Ecuadorian Navy

The Ecuadorian Navy is responsible for the surveillance and protection of national maritime territory and has a personnel of 9,127 men to protect a coastline of 2,237 km which reaches far into the Pacific Ocean.

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Egypt (Roman province)

The Roman province of Egypt (Aigyptos) was established in 30 BC after Octavian (the future emperor Augustus) defeated his rival Mark Antony, deposed Queen Cleopatra VII, and annexed the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt to the Roman Empire.

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Egyptian Navy

The Egyptian Navy is the maritime branch of the Egyptian Armed Forces.

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Electric generator

In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.

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Electricity generation

Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy.

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Enthalpy is a property of a thermodynamic system.

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ETH Zurich

ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich; Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich) is a science, technology, engineering and mathematics STEM university in the city of Zürich, Switzerland.

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Fatigue (material)

In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.

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Feedwater heater

A feedwater heater is a power plant component used to pre-heat water delivered to a steam generating boiler.

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Ferdinand Verbiest

Father Ferdinand Verbiest (9 October 1623 – 28 January 1688) was a Flemish Jesuit missionary in China during the Qing dynasty.

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First law of thermodynamics

The first law of thermodynamics is a version of the law of conservation of energy, adapted for thermodynamic systems.

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Fossil fuel power station

A fossil fuel power station is a power station which burns a fossil fuel such as coal, natural gas, or petroleum to produce electricity.

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French Navy

The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.

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Fuelling station

Fuelling stations, also known as coaling stations, are repositories of fuel (initially coal and later oil) that have been located to service commercial and naval vessels.

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Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

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A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut like teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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George Westinghouse

George Westinghouse Jr. (October 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914) was an American entrepreneur and engineer based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, gaining his first patent at the age of 19.

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Geothermal gradient

Geothermal gradient is the rate of increasing temperature with respect to increasing depth in the Earth's interior.

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Giovanni Branca

Giovanni Branca (22 April 1571 – 24 January 1645) was an Italian engineer and architect, chiefly remembered today for what some commentators have taken to be an early steam turbine.

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Grain boundary strengthening

Grain-boundary strengthening (or Hall–Petch strengthening) is a method of strengthening materials by changing their average crystallite (grain) size.

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Gustaf de Laval

Karl Gustaf Patrik de Laval (9 May 1845 – 2 February 1913) was a Swedish engineer and inventor who made important contributions to the design of steam turbines and dairy machinery.

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Hammer blow

Hammer blow, in rail terminology, refers to a vertical force which alternately adds to and subtracts from the locomotive's weight on a wheel.

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Harbin Electric

Harbin Electric Company Limited, formerly Harbin Power Equipment Company Limited, is a Chinese enterprise engaged in the research and development, manufacturing and construction of power plant equipment.

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Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.

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Heat engine

In thermodynamics, a heat engine is a system that converts heat or thermal energy—and chemical energy—to mechanical energy, which can then be used to do mechanical work.

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Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria (ἭρωνGenitive: Ἥρωνος., Heron ho Alexandreus; also known as Heron of Alexandria; c. 10 AD – c. 70 AD) was a mathematician and engineer who was active in his native city of Alexandria, Roman Egypt.

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An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to move and navigate through ice-covered waters, and provide safe waterways for other boats and ships.

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Indian Navy

The Indian Navy (IN; IAST: Bhāratīya Nau Senā) is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces.

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Isentropic process

In thermodynamics, an isentropic process is an idealized thermodynamic process that is both adiabatic and reversible.

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Jacking gear

A jacking gear (also known as a turning gear) is a device placed on the main shaft of an engine or the rotor of a turbine.

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James Watt

James Watt (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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John Brown & Company

John Brown and Company of Clydebank was a British marine engineering and shipbuilding firm.

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John Wilkins

John Wilkins, (16141672) was an Anglican clergyman, natural philosopher and author, and was one of the founders of the Royal Society.

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The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, became famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.

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LNG carrier

An LNG carrier is a tank ship designed for transporting liquefied natural gas (LNG).

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Long Beach, California

Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California.

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Marine steam engine

A marine steam engine is a steam engine that is used to power a ship or boat.

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McGraw-Hill Education

McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.

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Mercury vapour turbine

A mercury vapour turbine is a form of heat engine that uses mercury to drive the thermal cycle.

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Mexican Navy

The Mexican Navy is one of the two independent armed forces of Mexico.

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Microstructure is the very small scale structure of a material, defined as the structure of a prepared surface of material as revealed by a microscope above 25× magnification.

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Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

is a Japanese multinational engineering, electrical equipment and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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A nozzle is a device designed to control the direction or characteristics of a fluid flow (especially to increase velocity) as it exits (or enters) an enclosed chamber or pipe.

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Nuclear marine propulsion

Nuclear marine propulsion is propulsion of a ship or submarine with heat provided by a nuclear power plant.

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Nuclear power plant

A nuclear power plant or nuclear power station is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor.

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Ottoman Egypt

Ottoman Egypt covers two main periods of the history of Egypt from the 16th through early 20th centuries, when under the rule of or allied to the Ottoman Empire that was based in (present day) Turkey.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Pressure compounding in turbines

Pressure compounding is the method in which pressure in a steam turbine is made to drop in a number of stages rather than in a single nozzle.

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Product (mathematics)

In mathematics, a product is the result of multiplying, or an expression that identifies factors to be multiplied.

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Rankine cycle

The Rankine cycle is a model used to predict the performance of steam turbine systems.

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Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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A refractory mineral is a mineral that is resistant to decomposition by heat, pressure, or chemical attack.

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Republic of China Navy

The Republic of China Navy (ROCN) is the maritime branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.

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Rhenium is a chemical element with symbol Re and atomic number 75.

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Roasting jack

A roasting jack is a machine which rotates meat roasting on a spit.

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Rotation around a fixed axis

Rotation around a fixed axis or about a fixed axis of revolution or motion with respect to a fixed axis of rotation is a special case of rotational motion.

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Rotisserie, also known as spit-roasting, is a style of roasting where meat is skewered on a spit – a long solid rod used to hold food while it is being cooked over a fire in a fireplace or over a campfire, or roasted in an oven.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Ruthenium is a chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44.

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S&P Global Platts

S&P Global Platts is a provider of energy and commodities information and a source of benchmark price assessments in the physical energy markets.

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A sailor, seaman, mariner, or seafarer is a person who navigates waterborne vessels or assists as a crewmember in their operation and maintenance.

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Shanghai Electric

Shanghai Electric (officially Shanghai Electric Group Company Limited) is a Chinese multinational power generation and electrical equipment manufacturing company headquartered in Shanghai.

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Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.

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The stator is the stationary part of a rotary system, found in electric generators, electric motors, sirens, mud motors or biological rotors.

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Steam is water in the gas phase, which is formed when water boils.

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Steam locomotive

A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.

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Steam turbine governing

Steam turbine governing is the procedure of controlling the flow rate of steam to a steam turbine so as to maintain its speed of rotation as constant.

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A steamship, often referred to as a steamer, is a type of steam powered vessel, typically ocean-faring and seaworthy, that is propelled by one or more steam engines that typically drive (turn) propellers or paddlewheels.

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A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

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A superalloy, or high-performance alloy, is an alloy that exhibits several key characteristics: excellent mechanical strength, resistance to thermal creep deformation, good surface stability, and resistance to corrosion or oxidation.

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Superheated steam

Superheated steam is a steam at a temperature higher than its vaporization (boiling) point at the absolute pressure where the temperature is measured.

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A superheater is a device used to convert saturated steam or wet steam into superheated steam or dry steam.

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Surface condenser

A surface condenser is a commonly used term for a water-cooled shell and tube heat exchanger installed on the exhaust steam from a steam turbine in thermal power stations.

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Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf

Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ash-Shami al-Asadi (Arabic: تقي الدين محمد بن معروف الشامي, Turkish: Takiyüddin or Taki) (1526–1585) was an Ottoman polymath active in Constantinople.

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Tesla turbine

The Tesla turbine is a bladeless centripetal flow turbine patented by Nikola Tesla in 1913.

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Thermal efficiency

In thermodynamics, the thermal efficiency (\eta_ \) is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, furnace, or a refrigerator for example.

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Thermal energy

Thermal energy is a term used loosely as a synonym for more rigorously-defined thermodynamic quantities such as the internal energy of a system; heat or sensible heat, which are defined as types of transfer of energy (as is work); or for the characteristic energy of a degree of freedom in a thermal system kT, where T is temperature and k is the Boltzmann constant.

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Thermal power station

A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power.

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Thermal shock

Thermal shock occurs when a thermal gradient causes different parts of an object to expand by different amounts.

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Thermodynamics is the branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.

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A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by the constriction or obstruction.

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Thrust bearing

A thrust bearing is a particular type of rotary bearing.

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, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.

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Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship.

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Turbo-electric transmission

Turbo-electric transmission uses electric generators to convert the mechanical energy of a turbine (steam or gas) into electric energy and electric motors to convert it back into mechanical energy to power the driveshafts.

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Type 051B destroyer

The Type 051B Luhai-class is a class of destroyer built by the People's Republic of China.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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University of Aleppo

University of Aleppo (جامعة حلب, also called Aleppo University) is a public university located in Aleppo, Syria.

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University of Queensland

The University of Queensland (UQ) is a public research university primarily located in Queensland's capital city, Brisbane, Australia.

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Vapor quality

In thermodynamics, vapour quality is the mass fraction in a saturated mixture that is vapour; i.e. saturated vapour has a "quality" of 100%, and saturated liquid has a "quality" of 0%.

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Velocity triangle

In turbomachinery, a velocity triangle or a velocity diagram is a triangle representing the various components of velocities of the working fluid in a turbomachine.

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Washington Naval Treaty

The Washington Naval Treaty, also known as the Five-Power Treaty, the Four-Power Treaty, and the Nine-Power Treaty, was a treaty signed during 1922 among the major nations that had won World War I, which agreed to prevent an arms race by limiting naval construction.

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Wasp-class amphibious assault ship

The Wasp class is a class of Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) amphibious assault ships operated by the United States Navy.

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Work (physics)

In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting, there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Zirconium dioxide

Zirconium dioxide, sometimes known as zirconia (not to be confused with zircon), is a white crystalline oxide of zirconium.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steam_turbine

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