71 relations: Accommodation (eye), Active shutter 3D system, Additive color, Aluminized screen, Amblyopia, Augmented reality, Autostereogram, Autostereoscopy, Bakelite, Binocular disparity, Binocular vision, Black level, Charles Wheatstone, ColorCode 3-D, Complementary colors, CT scan, Depth perception, Dimension, Display device, Dolby 3D, Eye strain, Field of view, Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D, GIF, Handheld projector, Holographic display, Human brain, IMAX, KMQ viewer, Kodachrome, LEIA Inc, Lenticular lens, Light field, Liquid crystal, Liquid-crystal display, Microlens, Multiscopy, Nintendo 3DS, Non-negative matrix factorization, OLED, Optical illusion, Panavision, Parallax, Parallax barrier, Perception, Perspective (graphical), Pixel, Polarizer, Prism, Psychophysics, ..., Pulfrich effect, RealD, Retroreflective sheeting, Robinson Crusoe (1947 film), Silver screen, Stereopsis, Stereoscopy, Subtractive color, Superimposition, Teleview, Tensor, Three-dimensional space, Tru-Vue, Vergence, View-Master, Visual cortex, Visual perception, Voxel, Wiggle stereoscopy, XpanD 3D, 35 mm film. Expand index (21 more) » « Shrink index
Accommodation is the process by which the vertebrate eye changes optical power to maintain a clear image or focus on an object as its distance varies.
An active shutter 3D system (a.k.a. alternate frame sequencing, alternate image, AI, alternating field, field sequential or eclipse method) is a technique of displaying stereoscopic 3D images.
Additive color is a method to create color by mixing a number of different light colors, with shades of red, green, and blue being the most common primary colors used in additive color system.
Aluminized screen may refer to a type of cathode ray tube (CRT) for video display, or to a type of projection screen for showing motion pictures or slides, especially in polarized 3D.
Amblyopia, also called lazy eye, is a disorder of sight due to the eye and brain not working well together.
Augmented Reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment whose elements are "augmented" by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory.
An autostereogram is a single-image stereogram (SIS), designed to create the visual illusion of a three-dimensional (3D) scene from a two-dimensional image.
Autostereoscopy is any method of displaying stereoscopic images (adding binocular perception of 3D depth) without the use of special headgear or glasses on the part of the viewer.
Bakelite (sometimes spelled Baekelite), or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is the first plastic made from synthetic components.
Binocular disparity refers to the difference in image location of an object seen by the left and right eyes, resulting from the eyes’ horizontal separation (parallax).
In biology, binocular vision is a type of vision in which an animal having two eyes is able to perceive a single three-dimensional image of its surroundings.
Video black level is defined as the level of brightness at the darkest (black) part of a visual image or the level of brightness at which no light is emitted from a screen, resulting in a pure black screen.
Sir Charles Wheatstone FRS (6 February 1802 – 19 October 1875), was an English scientist and inventor of many scientific breakthroughs of the Victorian era, including the English concertina, the stereoscope (a device for displaying three-dimensional images), and the Playfair cipher (an encryption technique).
ColorCode 3-D is an anaglyph 3D stereoscopic viewing system deployed in the 2000s that uses amber and blue filters.
Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined, cancel each other out.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
Depth perception is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions (3D) and the distance of an object.
In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
Dolby 3D (formerly known as Dolby 3D Digital Cinema) is a marketing name for a system from Dolby Laboratories, Inc.
Eye strain, also known as asthenopia (from Greek asthen-opia, ἀσθεν-ωπία, "weak-eye-condition"), is an eye condition that manifests through nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, pain in or around the eyes, blurred vision, headache, and occasional double vision.
The field of view is the extent of the observable world that is seen at any given moment.
The Fujifilm FinePix Real 3D W series is a line of consumer-grade digital cameras designed to capture stereoscopic images that recreate the perception of 3D depth, having both still and video formats while retaining standard 2D still image and video modes.
The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF, is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.
A handheld projector (also known as a pocket projector, mobile projector, pico projector or mini beamer) is an image projector in a handheld device.
A holographic display is a type of display that utilizes light diffraction to create a virtual three-dimensional image of an object.
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.
IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.
KMQ viewer are glasses for viewing a stereoscopic over/under format.
Kodachrome is a brand name for a non-substantive, color reversal film introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1935.
LEIA Inc is a Silicon Valley company developing a lightfield display technology platform for mobile devices.
A lenticular lens is an array of magnifying lenses, designed so that when viewed from slightly different angles, different images are magnified.
The light field is a vector function that describes the amount of light flowing in every direction through every point in space.
Liquid crystals (LCs) are matter in a state which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
A microlens is a small lens, generally with a diameter less than a millimetre (mm) and often as small as 10 micrometres (µm).
Unlike conventional 3D stereoscopy, which simulates a 3D scene by displaying only two different views of it, each visible to only one of the viewer's eyes, 3D multiscopy displays more than two images, representing the subject as viewed from a series of locations, and allows each image to be visible only from a range of eye locations narrower than the average human interocular distance of 63 mm.
The Nintendo 3DS is a handheld game console produced by Nintendo.
Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF or NNMF), also non-negative matrix approximation is a group of algorithms in multivariate analysis and linear algebra where a matrix is factorized into (usually) two matrices and, with the property that all three matrices have no negative elements.
An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound that emits light in response to an electric current.
An optical illusion (also called a visual illusion) is an illusion caused by the visual system and characterized by a visual percept that (loosely said) appears to differ from reality.
Panavision is an American motion picture equipment company specializing in cameras and lenses, based in Woodland Hills, California.
Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.
A parallax barrier is a device placed in front of an image source, such as a liquid crystal display, to allow it to show a stereoscopic or multiscopic image without the need for the viewer to wear 3D glasses.
Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.
Perspective (from perspicere "to see through") in the graphic arts is an approximate representation, generally on a flat surface (such as paper), of an image as it is seen by the eye.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
A polarizer or polariser is an optical filter that lets light waves of a specific polarization pass through while blocking light waves of other polarizations.
In optics, a prism is a transparent optical element with flat, polished surfaces that refract light.
Psychophysics quantitatively investigates the relationship between physical stimuli and the sensations and perceptions they produce.
The Pulfrich effect is a psychophysical percept wherein lateral motion of an object in the field of view is interpreted by the visual cortex as having a depth component, due to a relative difference in signal timings between the two eyes.
RealD Inc. is the company that develops the RealD 3D technology, used for projecting films in stereoscopic 3D using circularly polarized light.
Retroreflective sheeting is flexible retroreflective material primarily used to increase the nighttime conspicuity of traffic signs, high-visibility clothing, and other items so they are safely and effectively visible in the light of an approaching driver's headlamps.
Robinson Crusoe (Robinzon Kruzo) is a 1947 Soviet adventure 3-D film.
A silver screen, also known as a silver lenticular screen, is a type of projection screen that was popular in the early years of the motion picture industry and passed into popular usage as a metonym for the cinema industry.
Stereopsis (from the Greek στερεο- stereo- meaning "solid", and ὄψις opsis, "appearance, sight") is a term that is most often used to refer to the perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure obtained on the basis of visual information deriving from two eyes by individuals with normally developed binocular vision.
Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
A subtractive color model explains the mixing of a limited set of dyes, inks, paint pigments or natural colorants to create a wider range of colors, each the result of partially or completely subtracting (that is, absorbing) some wavelengths of light and not others.
Superimposition is the placement of one thing over another, typically so that both are still evident.
Teleview was a system for projecting stereoscopic motion pictures invented by Laurens Hammond, best known as the inventor of the Hammond organ.
In mathematics, tensors are geometric objects that describe linear relations between geometric vectors, scalars, and other tensors.
Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
Tru-Vue was a manufacturer of stereoscopic filmstrips and corresponding stereoscope viewers, based in Rock Island, Illinois, from 1932–1951 and in Beaverton, Oregon, from 1951 until the late 1960s.
A vergence is the simultaneous movement of both eyes in opposite directions to obtain or maintain single binocular vision.
View-Master is the trademark name of a line of special-format stereoscopes and corresponding View-Master "reels", which are thin cardboard disks containing seven stereoscopic 3-D pairs of small transparent color photographs on film.
The visual cortex of the brain is a part of the cerebral cortex that processes visual information.
Visual perception is the ability to interpret the surrounding environment using light in the visible spectrum reflected by the objects in the environment.
A voxel represents a value on a regular grid in three-dimensional space.
Wiggle stereoscopy is an example of stereoscopy in which left and right images of a stereogram are animated.
XPAND 3D developed active-shutter 3D solutions for multiple purposes.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).